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Meaning, Need and Scope of Guidance

Unit 1

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Meaning

It not simply giving directions to someone


and neither does is mean making decisions
for an individual because every individual
needs to take their own decisions

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Meaning

It does not mean carrying other people’s


burdens, rather to support and encourage a
person to an extent to develop their own
opinion.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Meaning

Guidance sought from- parents,


grandparents, teachers, doctors, lawyers….

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Meaning

It follows certain methodologies

Observation, testing, interviewing, keeping


records, studying case studies, making
assessments

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Meaning

General meaning

Specific meaning

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


General meaning

It is a process by which the individuals


are assisted in making adequate
adjustments to life’s situations with
regard to their educational, vocational
and personal problems

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


General meaning
It is an organised service to help
individual and enabling them to know
their abilities, aptitudes, interests,
perceptions, needs, purpose and
limitations

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Specific meaning

It is the personal help given by one


person to another

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Specific meaning

It helps to make adjustments and in


solving problems that confront him in
the attainments of goals

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


“Guidance is a process of helping
every individual through his own
efforts, to discover and develop his
potentialities for his personal
happiness and special usefulness.”
Ruth Strong

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


“Guidance helps an individual to
develop his personality fully and
enables him to serve the society to
the best of his capabilities and
talents.”
Wordsworth

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Need for guidance

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU
Social need of guidance

Joint family to nuclear family

Multiculturalism

Family support

Industrialisation

Corporate jobs

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Social need of guidance

Change in home environment- domestic work into


industry labour

Changes in the pattern of industry and labour-


family tradition, specialised job

Population growth

change in social values- people become


materialistic, intellectual development of the
people, character deterioration

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Psychological need of guidance

Psychology of individual differences-

expectations

adjustment with different situation

emotional problems

personality development

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Pedagogical need of guidance
Selection of curriculum- framing
objectives, method of teaching,
development of attitude and habits

Problems of wastage and stagnation

Overcrowded classroom

Student indiscipline- development of


right habits and character

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Scope of guidance
Scope of guidance

The scope of guidance is too wide.

In the words of Crow and Crow, “Guidance


touches every aspect of an individual’s
personality- physical, mental, emotional
and social. It is concerned with all aspects
of an individual’s attitudes and behaviour
patterns. It seeks to help the individual to
integrate all of his activities in terms of his
basic potentialities and environmental
opportunities.”

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Scope of guidance
Any needy person can be guided.
This can include the persons of
different age, different interests,
various characteristics and persons
of different nature. Hence, we
cannot draw boundaries around the
process of guidance.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Complex nature of personality

Industrialisation brings with it a


number of tensions such as
adjustment with the job, with the
place of work, with the physical and
social environment, and also with
the advancements of technology
and modernisation. To cope with all
these, guidance is essential.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Complexity of occupation

In the process of industrialisation,


automation and cybernetics, many new
occupations are coming up and a few old
occupations are dying. In U.S.A., an
average man changes seven occupation
through his life. This complexity is bound
to increase the scope of guidance in so
many ways.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Complexity of training

For the new jobs, new type of training,


new courses of studies, use of new types
of machines and above all to prepare
oneself for employment in the changing
world are some of the problems which
will have to be tackled in an effective way,
with the help of guidance. The scope of
guidance will be to put right man in the
right job.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Migration
Because of industrialisation process,
people move from one state to other
states. In India, the states are quite
different in their religion, culture,
mode of living, dress, eating habits
and marriages. When they move
from one social set up to another one,
the problem of adjustment becomes
serious for which guidance is needed.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


The expansion of education
The days are gone when only a few
privileged were to be educated.
Now, education has become asset
for the nation and right placement
of persons need a lot of guidance.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU


Areas of guidance

The Scope of guidance is classified into


several areas where and individual
needs guidance. These areas can be
classified into educational guidance,
vocational guidance, personal
guidance, social guidance, vocational
guidance and Health guidance.

Dr. Nisanth.P.M, Assistant Professor, Dept of Education, RGU