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TWI TRAINING & CERTIFICA TION

Ultrasonic Inspection Coursework 7 - Calculations

1. A shear wave probe has a wavelength of 0.8mm in steel; what is it frequency?

a. 5MHz
b. . 6MHz
~. 4MHz
d. 1MHz

2. What is the difference in amplitude between two signals with amplitudes of 63 and 20 %
respectively at the same range?

A~"' 10dB
'\
;'

b. 6dB
c. 20dB
d. 14dB

3. What angle of incidence is required to generate a 37 degree shear wave in steel?

a. 45.5
b. 28.4
c. 30.9
d. 25

4. If the acoustic impedance of swafega is 2.0 x 106 how much sound is reflected at a swafega /
steel interface?
The acoustic impedance of steel is 45 x 106 .

a. 90.5
·0

83.7
46.6

5. Which of the following would see the most sound reflected at the interface?

£f< Steel to water


b. Perspex to water
c. Perspex to steel

Acoustic impedance of perspex is 14 x 106 and that of water is 1.5 x 106 .

6. What is the near zone length of a 25 mm , 4MHz compression wave probe in steel?

a. 110
b. 120.5 -.
'4.)1.

..e. 105.9 N
d. 96.5

7. The half beam angle to the 6dBpoint of a compression probe with a diameter of 10mm and a
frequency of 2.5MHz inspectin'g a steel component is ?

~.,., 8.5
~
7.6'" ..""
c. 6.4 ~~t· \ ~j t\
d. 5.3 F

TWI UT CW 7 Issue 0
8. If a shear wave probe with a near zone iength of 156.25mm and a diameter of 20mm is being
used to inspect a steel component, what is its frequency?

p 5MHz
b. 4MHz
c. 2MHz
d. 1MHz

9. A 10mm shear wave probe with a half beam angle to the 10% point of 8 degrees has a
wavelength of what length?

a. 2.75
b. 3.22
.g. 1.29
d. 4

10. Which of the following probes would have the lowe~tsensitivity ?


a. 4MHz compression probe in steel. I, L\ .J \
.,7 5MHz shear wave probe in steel. . (~:?d,};
c. 4MHz shear wave probe in aluminium.:J! '1 ",
d. 4~,Hz compression probe in perspex. ' D,0(

11. If the amplitude of one signal is 20% FSH and a second signal at the same range is 14dB
higher what is the amplitude of the second signal?

a. 80 %
~ 100%
c. 60 %
d. 5%

12. A 2" degree an-lIed 8omorcssio:. Drc~E: wi~! 8i~;c r:;'/AJUCe a shear wave at W~"8t annie?

y 5.8
10.69
c. 7.85
d. 8.9

HINT: Calculate the angle of incidence first.

Compression velocity in steel : 5900m/sec


Shear velocity in steel : 3200 m/sec
Shear velocity in aluminium: 3080 m/sec
Compression velocity in perspex : 2730 m/sec

TWI UT CW 7 Issue 0 2