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What is the K to 12 Program?

 The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the following key

 Kindergarten to Grade 3

 Grades 4 to 6

 Grades 7 to 10 (Junior High School)

 Grades 11 and 12 (Senior High School)

Why are we now implementing 12 years of basic education?

 The Philippines is the last country in Asia and one of only three countries
worldwide with a 10-year pre-university cycle (Angola and Djibouti are the other two).
 A 12-year program is found to be the best period for learning under basic
education. It is also the recognized standard for students and professionals globally.

What has been done to get ready for K to 12? Are we really ready for K to 12?
 SY 2011-2012: Universal Kindergarten implementation begins
 SY 2012-2013: Enhanced curriculum for Grades 1-7 implemented

 2013: K to 12 enacted into Law

 2014: Curriculum for Grades 11-12 finished

This 2015, we are getting ready for the implementation of Senior High School (SHS) in SY

 We are on the fifth year of the implementation of the K to 12 Program. Our last
mile is the Senior High School. All 221 divisions of the Department of Education (DepEd)
have finished planning and have figures on enrolment a year in advance. These plans
were reviewed by a separate team and finalized upon consultation with other

 Classrooms: DepEd has built 66,813 classrooms from 2010 to 2013. There
are 33,608 classrooms completed and undergoing construction in 2014. As of DepEd is
planning to establish 5,899 Senior High Schools nationwide. As of April 30, 2015, DepEd
has issued provisional permits to 1,866 private schools set to offer Senior High School in
 Teachers: From 2010-2014, DepEd has filled 128,105 new teacher items.
DepEd is targeting two kinds of teachers: those who will teach the core subjects, and
those who will teach the specialized subjects per track. DepEd will hire 37,000 teachers
for Senior High School for 2016 alone.

 Textbooks: Learning materials are being produced for elementary to junior

high while textbooks for Senior High School (which has specialized subjects) are being
bid out.

 Curriculum: The K to 12 curriculum is standards- and competence-based. It

is inclusive and built around the needs of the learners and the community. The
curriculum is done and is available on the DepEd website. It is the first time in history
that the entire curriculum is digitized and made accessible to the public.

 Private SHS: There are 2,199 private schools cleared to offer Senior High School
and over 200 more being processed.

How will K to 12 affect the college curriculum?

 The College General Education curriculum will have fewer units. Subjects that have
been taken up in Basic Education will be removed from the College General Education
 Details of the new GE Curriculum may be found in CHED Memorandum Order No.
20, series of 2013.

I’ve been hearing that a lot of people have not been consulted regarding K to 12. Is
this true?
 DepEd has always been transparent in the planning and implementation of K to
12. There have been regular consultations with various sectors since 2010, before the
law was passed, during the crafting of the IRR, and during implementations. DepEd
representatives have also attended various fora and conferences, including legislative
inquiries, regarding K to12. We are open to criticisms and suggestions regarding this.

How can I help improve basic education?

 Private partners can donate through the Adopt-A-School program. A 150% tax
incentive will be provided for every contribution.
 Help spread awareness and information on the K to 12 Program.

What is Senior High School?

 Senior High School (SHS) covers the last two years of the K to 12 program and
includes Grades 11 and 12. In SHS, students will go through a core curriculum and
subjects under a track of their choice.
Will SHS mean two more years of High School?
 Yes. These two additional years will equip learners with skills that will better
prepare them for the future, whether it be:

 Employment

 Entrepreneurship

 Skills Development (Further Tech-Voc training)

 Higher Education (College)

Will the additional two years of High School mean additional expenses?
 Not necessarily.

 Senior High School “completes” basic education by making sure that the
high school graduate is equipped for work, entrepreneurship, or higher education. This
is a step up from the 10-year cycle where high school graduates still need further
education (and expenses) to be ready for the world.

 SHS will be offered free in public schools and there will be a voucher
program in place for public junior high school completers as well as ESC beneficiaries of
private high schools should they choose to take SHS in private institutions.

 This means that the burden of expenses for the additional two years need
not be completely shouldered by parents.

What will I learn in SHS that the current high school curriculum doesn’t include?
 Senior High School covers eight (8) learning areas as part of its core curriculum,
and adds specific tracks (similar to college courses) based on four (4) disciplines:

 Academic (which includes Business, Science & Engineering, Humanities &

Social Science, and a General Academic strand)

 Technical-Vocational-Livelihood (with highly specialized subjects with TESDA


 Sports

 Arts & Design

 SHS Students may pick a track based on how he or she will want to proceed after
high school graduation. You can learn more about the tracks and strands (as well as their
curriculum) in the K to 12 Curriculum Guides.

Will SHS ensure employment for me?

 SHS cannot guarantee employment; but it creates the following opportunities:
 Standard requirements will be applied to make sure graduates know
enough to be hirable.

 You will now be able to apply for TESDA Certificates of Competency (COCs)
and National Certificates (NCs) to provide you with better work opportunities.

 Partnerships with different companies will be offered for technical and

vocational courses.

 You can now get work experience while studying; and companies can even
hire you after you graduate.

 Entrepreneurship courses will now be included. Instead of being employed, you

can choose to start your own business after graduating, or choose to further your
education by going to college.

How will SHS affect my college education?

 SHS, as part of the K to 12 Basic Curriculum, was developed in line with the
curriculum of the Commission of Higher Education (CHED) – the governing body for
college and university education in the Philippines.
 This ensures that by the time you graduate from Senior High School, you will have
the standard knowledge, skills, and competencies needed to go to college.

How will students choose their Senior High School specializations?

 Students will undergo assessments to determine their strengths and interests.
These will include an aptitude test, a career assessment exam, and an occupational
interest inventory for high schools. Career advocacy activities will also be conducted to
help guide students in choosing their specialization or track.

How will student specializations/tracks be distributed across Senior High Schools?

 Specializations or tracks to be offered will be distributed according to the
resources available in the area, the needs and interests of most students, and the
opportunities and demands of the community.

Where will Senior High School be implemented? Will my school offer SHS?
 Existing public and private schools, including colleges, universities and technical
institutions may offer Senior High School.
 There may also be stand-alone Senior High Schools established by DepEd or
private organizations.

Will SHS modelling schools that implemented the SHS program in SY 2012-13 be
allowed to implement the SHS Program?
 SHS modelling schools listed in DepEd Order No. 71, s. 2012 may implement the
SHS program, but they must go through the process of applying a provisional SHS
permit, and must meet the standards and requirements for the SHS Program.

Is SHS really necessary? Must I go to SHS?

 Yes, according to the law. Beginning SY 2016-2017, you must go through Grades
11 and 12 to graduate from High School.

If I choose not to go to SHS, what happens to me?

 You will be a Grade 10 completer, but not a high school graduate. Elementary
graduates are those who finish Grade 6; high school graduates must have finished Grade

What is the Voucher Program?

 This program enables Grade 10 completers from public and private Junior High
Schools (JHS) to enroll in a 1) private high school, 2) private university or college, 3) state
or local university or college, or 4) technical-vocational school, which will offer the Senior
High School program starting School Year 2016-2017.
 Through the Voucher Program, students and their families are able to exercise
greater choice in deciding the Senior High School program that is most relevant to their
needs and career goals. A certain amount will be subsidized by DepEd to private SHS to
offset the cost of tuition.

Who will benefit from the Voucher Program? Can I apply?

 All JHS completers from public junior high schools are qualified to receive the full
voucher values.
 Private junior high school completers who are on Education Service Contracting
(ESC) grants will receive 80% of the full voucher value.

 JHS completers from private schools and non-DepEd schools can also apply for
vouchers worth 80% of the full voucher value.

 Students will be notified of their eligibility prior to completing Grade 10. No

monetary value is given to the student directly instead the subsidy is remitted to the
Senior High School where he/she will enroll.

 For Students

 The voucher program can provide high-quality education for all types of
students. Even those who normally do not have the financial means will be able to
choose from different schools. They will not be limited to the schools that are provided
by the DepEd.
 For Private Schools

 Private schools with SHS will be able to tap into an expanded market
- students from public junior high schools.

How much is the value of the voucher?

 The actual amount of the vouchers will depend on the location of the SHS where
the student will enroll.

 JHS completers who will enroll in an SHS located in the National Capital
Region (NCR) will receive a full voucher value of PhP 22,500.

 JHS completers who will enroll in an SHS located in Non-NCR Highly

Urbanized Cities (HUCs) will receive a full voucher value of PhP 20,000. These cities
include Angeles, Bacolod, Baguio, Butuan, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu City, Davao City,
General Santos, Iligan, Iloilo City, Lapu-lapu, Lucena, Mandaue, Olongapo, Puerto
Princesa, Tacloban, and Zamboanga City.

 JHS completers who will enroll in an SHS located in other cities and
municipalities will have a full voucher value of PhP 17,500.

 The voucher must be used in the school year immediately following the year of
JHS completion. A voucher recipient may only be able to avail of the voucher subsidy for
two (2) successive years.

 Non-DepEd schools may charge tuitions that are higher than the voucher subsidy
amounts. Students and parents are expected to cover the difference between the tuition
fee charged by the school and the voucher subsidy from government.

How will SHS Affect me? Will I lose my Job?

 No high school teachers will be displaced.
 The Department of Education (DepEd) is in constant coordination with CHED and
DOLE on the actual number of affected faculty from private higher education institutions
(HEIs). The worst-case scenario is that 39,000 HEI faculty will lose their jobs over 5 years.
This will only happen if none of the HEIs will put up their own Senior High Schools, which
is since we are currently processing over 1,000 SHS applications from private institutions.

 DepEd is also hiring more than 30,000 new teachers in 2016 alone. The
Department will prioritize affected faculty who will apply as teachers or administrators in
our SHS.

Why not just realign the K to 12 budget to increase teachers’ salaries?

 There is no "K to 12" item in the national budget per se. The ongoing
implementation of the K to 12 Program involves the provision of basic inputs such as
classrooms, teacher items, textbooks, school seats, and toilets. There are also items in
the budget for computerization of classrooms, science and math equipment, and
teacher training. K to 12 is a reform in the manner and content of education; it is not a
single project with a line item budget.
 There are also ongoing discussions taking place regarding a raise in the salary of
public school teachers and all other government employees.

I am a graduate of a science/math/engineering/course. Can I apply as an SHS

 Yes. If you are willing to teach on a part-time basis, you will not be required to take
and pass the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET).
 If you want a permanent position, you will need to take and pass the LET within
five (5) years after your date of hiring to remain employed full-time.

I am a hired TVI course graduate/HEI faculty/practitioner. Can I apply as an SHS

 Graduates of technical-vocational courses must have the necessary certification
issued by TESDA and undergo training to be administered by DepEd or HEIs.
 Faculty of colleges and universities must be full-time professors and be holders of
a relevant Bachelor’s degree.

 DepEd and private schools may also hire practitioners with expertise in the
specialized learning areas offered by the K to 12 Program as part-time teachers.

 Faculty of TVIs and HEIs will be given priority in hiring for the transition period from
September 2013 until SY 2021-2022.

I am a practitioner. Can I apply as an SHS teacher?

 You may teach as part-time teacher in Senior High School under the track
subjects. We encourage you to consider this to share your valuable knowledge and
experience to our SHS learners.