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FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES

BLOCKCHAIN USE CASES


SPEAKER: TARAS FILATOV, FOUNDER & CEO, DAPPROS
31st JANUARY 2019, DOHA, QATAR

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(a lot of) education is needed

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AGENDA
1. Key concepts
2. Use cases
• Supply chain / logistics
• Real Estate
• Digital rights
• Loyalty programs
• Healthcare
• Trade Financing
• Digital Collectibles

3. Where to start

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Key Concepts

UNDERSTAND THE CONCEPTS OF BLOCKCHAIN


AND DECENTRALIZED APPLICATIONS

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History
In 2008, a mysterious personality
Satoshi Nakamoto presented
the idea of a Peer-to-Peer
Electronic Cash System.

Before people could understand everything about blockchain,


Bitcoin made its first appearance in JANUARY 2009!

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Blockchain ≠ Bitcoin

VS

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Blockchain
≠ Bitcoin

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Why is this a big deal
• Crypto, Smart contracts, Tokens = Programmable Money
• Killer feature - ICOs = “Programmable IPO” / Tin bank

• Smart contract / token issuance

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Distributed Ledger

Why is this a big deal?

Distributed ledger

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Distributed Ledger

VS

Centralized Decentralized
(bank/government) (millions of copies of smart
contract across world
computers)

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Distributed Ledger

VS

Centralized Decentralized
(bank/government) (millions of copies of smart
contract across world
computers)

BLIND TRUST VERIFIABLE TRUST

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Immutable data

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Use Cases

LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN

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LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN

Over 20 partnerships and initiatives


worldwide

• Maersk-IBM partnership (blockchain in cargo


delivery)

• Walmart — IBM partnership (blockchain food


tracking from supplier to shelf)

• Accenture — DHL partnership (blockchain in


pharmeceutical supply chains)
https://medium.com/taras-filatov/blockchain-in-logistics-2018-
c5c737d46dc9

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LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN

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Why: Paperwork & cost reduction
Shipping container cost = over
$2,000.

Paperwork cost = $300 (15% — 20%


of total costs)

These costs can be reduced to zero by


distributed ledger technology.

Annual global traffic = 70 million


containers.

(Data from IBM-Maersk case study)


Why: Control & compliance: Verified Gross
Mass
A B Blockchain platform provides a
decentralised approach to storing
and delivering VGM messages.
Early adopter: Marine Transport
International
store verify
LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN - CARGOX

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Why: Insurance, Customs etc - cheaper and faster
LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN – DHL REPORT

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LOGISTICS & SUPPLY CHAIN – SHIPCHAIN

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TRACYCHAIN – Asset Tracking System
In logistics, e-commerce, healthcare and many other
use cases it is important to keep a secure audit trace of
what happens to business assets and processes.

TracyChain is a platform that helps do just that.


It is powered by blockchain and provides API that is
easy to integrate into legacy systems.

LIVE DEMO

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Use Cases

REAL ESTATE

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REAL ESTATE
• Escrow and funding

• Security Token

• Dividends

• Secondary market
(Exchange)

= Democratization

More liquidity

Faster transactions

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Use Cases

DIGITAL RIGHTS

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DIGITAL RIGHTS Blokur: AI + DLT
Blokur use case
• Reconciles different sources of
rights data to a single blockchain
state.

• Allows music publishers and CMOs


to explore their catalogue in the
cloud and compare their data with
the global consensus view.

• Algorithmically resolves data


conflicts, reducing human labour
and increasing royalties revenue
for authors and rights owners.
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Use Cases

LOYALTY PROGRAMS
(internal and external)

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LOYALTY & INTERNAL TOKENS
• Transparency and trust

• Decentralized and secure

• Enables secondary
market and exchanges

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Use Cases

HEALTHCARE

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Healthcare
Decentralized & Secure storage
Decentralized encrypted patient data storage based on IPFS
ensuring protection against server failure

Unified patient record database


• Data is distributed across multiple hospitals, or different
geographical locations of the same hospital
• Audit trace of any changes and updates reflected in
immutable private blockchain. Can be shared with consortium
and/or auditors
• Supports large files as well such as X-ray / fMRI scans and
allows to sync them similarly to BitTorrent / Dropbox / Box sync
• No central architecture. The loss of any server or workstation
does not mean the loss of any patient data, as long there is
there are other nodes left in the network running IPFS database
• Fully protected and encrypted

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Healthcare

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Healthcare
Audit trail: Traceability of communications, records and
instructions between hospital staff (within a scope of hospital,
chain or government/country).
• A network of Ethereum powered blockchain nodes
running our system are deployed in a network of hospitals
with optional government or consortium auditors
•All HL7/FHIR and other communications create
checksum traces which get synced into blockchain
through one of our Gateways
•Gateways - we build gateways for each communication
channel that basically convert messages into Traces and
sync them into blockchain
•Trace is a one-sided hash function of each HL7/FHIR •
message. It gets deployed onto private blockchain as
described above. It does not contain the message itself Thanks to immutability of blockchain, there is no way to
and it is impossible to restore message from the Trace forge, backdate or otherwise tamper with the date and
(unless this is a desired functionality in which case we can there is always a transparent audit trail.
have that feature). Trace allows to confirm certain data •Upon delivering and reading the message, its Trace is
has been 1) sent on specific time; 2) delivered at updated. This way auditors know which messages and
specific time; 3) opened / read at specific time. files have been delivered, opened and read, and at what
time. 2
Use Cases

DIGITAL COLLECTIBLES

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Digital collectibles

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Use Cases

TRADE FINANCING

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Trade
Financing

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Where to Start
TOOLS, SHORTCUTS,
BEST PRACTICES

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Where to start - Architecture phase
Blockchain projects
consists to large
extent of usual
software components

Connect blockchain
elements (smart
contracts, tokens)
using API and
Javascript frameworks

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Layers (leverage cloud)

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Blockchain-as-a-Service
AWS
• $125 / peer
• Ethereum,
Corda
Hyperledger

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Blockchain-as-a-Service
IBM
• $125 / peer
• Hyperledger

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Platform / Application layer

• Wallet (think a bank account and a


banking app)

• Token issuance (mint and distribute


your tokens / coins / contracts)

• Explorer (viewer for distributed


ledger, all transactions)

• Exchange (place to purchase, sell


and exchange tokens)

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Platform: Wallet & User management

• Wallet (think a bank account and a


banking app)

• Token issuance (mint and


distribute your tokens / coins /
contracts)

• Explorer (viewer for distributed


ledger, all transactions)

• Exchange (place to purchase, sell


and exchange tokens)
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Platform: Token Issuance

• Wallet (think a bank account and a


banking app)

• Token issuance (mint and


distribute your tokens / coins /
contracts)

• Explorer (viewer for distributed


ledger, all transactions)

• Exchange (place to purchase, sell


and exchange tokens)

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Platform / Application layer

• Wallet (think a bank account and a


banking app)

• Token issuance (mint and


distribute your tokens / coins /
contracts)

• Explorer (viewer for distributed


ledger, all transactions)

• Exchange (place to purchase, sell


and exchange tokens)
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Platform: Explorer

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Platform: Explorer

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Platform: Explorer

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Platform / Application layer

• Wallet (think a bank account


and a banking app)

• Token issuance (mint and


distribute your tokens / coins /
contracts)

• Explorer (viewer for distributed


ledger, all transactions)

• Exchange (place to purchase,


sell and exchange tokens)
Internal vs External
(compliance, regulations) Note: no exchange lock-in if you’re
on public blockchain.
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Platform: Monitoring & SLA

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Private vs Public Blockchain

Tip: start PoC on Private Ethereum (or Hyperledger),


can migrate in future
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Everything you need
Business logic integration

• Users <-> Wallets (think keys and cold vs hot)

• Money/Value <-> Tokens

• GUI <-> Transactions / Explorer

(some oracle)
API connectivity
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CONCLUSION
1. Verifiable trust

2. Real added value (when applied to business processes and properly


integrated)

3. Many use cases

4. Implementation cost and time is reasonable (given you know what to


do and/or use right tools and platforms)

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Questions?
TARAS@DAPPROS.COM

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THANK YOU!
TARAS@DAPPROS.COM
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