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Positive Displacement Pumps-

Controlled Volume

API STANDARD 675


SECOND EDITION, OCTOBER 1994

American Petroleum Institute


1220 L Street. Northwest
Washington, D.C. 20005

11'
COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute
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A P I STD*b7574 m 0 7 3 2 2 7 00 5 3 7 5 7 41 7 2 W

Positive DisplacementPumps-
Controlled Volume

Manufacturing, Distribution and Marketing Department


API STANDARD 675
SECOND EDITION, OCTOBER 1994

American
Petroleum
Institute

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API STD*b75 9 4 0732290 0537575 O09

SPECIAL NOTES

l . API PUBLICATIONS NECESSARILY ADDRESS PROBLEMS OF A GENERAL


NATURE. WITH RESPECT TO PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES, LOCAL, STATE,
AND FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS SHOULD BE REVIEWED.
2. API IS NOT UNDERTAKING TO MEET THE DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS, MANU-
FACTURERS, OR SUPPLIERS TO WARN AND PROPERLY TRAIN AND EQUIP
THEIR EMPLOYEES, AND OTHERS EXPOSED, CONCERNING HEALTH AND
SAFETY RISKS AND PRECAUTIONS, NOR UNDERTAKINS THEIR OBLIGATIONS
UNDER LOCAL,STATE, OR FEDERAL LAWS.
3. INFORMATION CONCERNING SAFETY AND HEALTH RISKS AND PROPER
PRECAUTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PARTICULAR MATERIALS AND CONDI-
TIONS SHOULD BE OBTAINED FROM THE EMPLOYER, THE MANUFACTURER
OR SUPPLIER OF THAT MATERIAL, ORTHE MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET.
4. NOTHING CONTAINED IN ANY API PUBLICATIONIS TO BE CONSTRUED AS
GRANTING ANY RIGHT, BY IMPLICATION OR OTHERWISE, FORTHE MANU-
FACTURE, SALE, OR USE OF ANY METHOD, APPARATUS, OR PRODUCT COV-
ERED BY LETTERS PATENT. NEITHER SHOULD ANYTHING CONTAINED IN
THE PUBLICATION BE CONSTRUED AS INSURING ANYONE AGAINST LIABIL-
ITY FOR INFRLNGEMENTOF LETTERS PATENT.
5. GENERALLY, API STANDARDSAREREVIEWEDANDREVISED,REAF-
FIRMED, OR WITHDRAWN AT LEAST EVERY FIVE YEARS. SOMETIMES A
ONE-TIME EXTENSION OF UP TO TWO YEARS WILL BE ADDED TO THIS RE-
VIEW CYCLE. THIS PUBLICATION WILL NO LONGER BE I N EFFECT FIVE
YEARS AFTER ITS PUBLICATION DATE AS AN OPERATIVEAPI STANDARD OR,
WHERE AN EXTENSION HAS BEEN GRANTED, UPON REPUBLICATION. STA-
TUS OF THE PUBLICATION CAN BE ASCERTAINED FROM THE API AUTHOR-
ING DEPARTMENT [TELEPHONE (202) 682-8000]. A CATALOG OF API
PUBLICATIONS AND MATERIALS IS PUBLISHED ANNUALLY AND UPDATED
QUARTERLY BY API, 1220 L STREET, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20005.

Copyright O 1994 American Petroleum Institute

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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A P I STD*b75 94 m 0732290O537576 T45 m

FOREWORD

This standard is based on the accumulated knowledge and experience of manufacturers


and users of displacement pumps.The objective of this publicationis to providea purchase
specification to facilitate the manufacture and procurement of controlled volume pumps for
use in the petroleum, chemical, and gas industries.
This standard requires the purchaser to specify certain details and features. Although it
is recognized that the purchaser may desire to modify, delete, or amplify sections of this
standard, it is strongly recommended that all modifications, deletions, and amplifications
be made by supplementing this standard, rather than by rewriting or by incorporating sec-
tions thereof into another complete standard.
API standards are publishedas an aid to procurement of standardized equipment and ma-
terials. These standards are not intendedto inhibit purchasersor producers from purchasing
or producing products made to other standards.
API publications may be used by anyone desiring to do so. Every effort has been made
by the Institute to assure the accuracy and reliability ofdata thecontained in them; however,
the Institute makes no representation, warranty, or guarantee in connection with this pub-
lication and hereby expressly disclaims any liabilityor responsibility for loss or damage re-
sulting from its use or for the violation of any federal, state, or municipal regulation with
which this publication may conflict.
Suggested revisions are invited andshould be submitted to the director of the Manufac-
turing, Distribution and Marketing Department, American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L
Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005.

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CONTENTS

Page
SECTION 1-GENERAL
1.1 Scope........................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Alternative Designs.................................................................................................. 1
1.3 Conflicting Requirements ........................................................................................ 1
1.4 Definition of Terms .................................................................................................. 1
1.5 Referenced Publications........................................................................................... 2
1.6 Unit Conversion....................................................................................................... 4

SECTION 2-BASIC DESIGN


2.1 General ..................................................................................................................... 4
2.2 Pressure-ContainingParts ........................................................................................ 5
2.3 Liquid End Connections .......................................................................................... 5
2.4 Pump Check Valves ................................................................................................. 6
2.5 Diaphragms .............................................................................................................. 6
2.6 Packed Plungers ....................................................................................................... 6
2.7 Relief Valve Application.......................................................................................... 6
2.8 Gears ........................................................................................................................ 7
2.9 Enclosure.................................................................................................................. 7
2.10 Drive Bearings ......................................................................................................... 7
2.1 1 Lubrication............................................................................................................... 7
2.12 Capacity Adjustment................................................................................................ 7
2.13 Materials .................................................................................................................. 7
2.14 Nameplates and Rotation Arrows .......................................................................... 10
2.15 Quality.................................................................................................................... 10

SECTION 3-ACCESSORIES
3.1 Drivers..................................................................................................................... 10
3.2 Couplings and Guards............................................................................................ 10
3.3 Baseplates............................................................................................................... 11
3.4 Controls and Instrumentation................................................................................. 11
3.5 Piping ..................................................................................................................... 13
3.6 Pulsation Suppression Devices .............................................................................. 15
3.7 Special Tools .......................................................................................................... 15

SECTION &INSPECTION. TESTING. AND PREPARATION


FOR SHIPMENT
4.1 General ................................................................................................................... 15
4.2 Inspection............................................................................................................... 16
4.3 Tests ....................................................................................................................... 17
4.4 Preparation for Shipment ....................................................................................... 17

SECTION 5-VENDOR’S DATA


5.1 General................................................................................................................... 18
5.2 Proposals ................................................................................................................ 18
5.3 Contract Data ......................................................................................................... 19

APPENDIX A-CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP DATA SHEETS ......................... 21


APPENDIX B-MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS .................................................... 27
APPENDIX C-INSPECTOR’S CHECKLIST............................................................. 29

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A P I STDsb75 94 E 0732290 0537578 818

Page
APPENDIX D-CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP VENDOR DRAWING
AND DATA REQUIREMENTS.......................................................... 31
APPENDIX &NET POSITIVE SUCTION HEAD VERSUSNET POSITIVE
INLET PRESSURE ............................................................................. 37

Tables
1”inimum Requirements for Piping Materials ...................................................... 14
2-Maximum Severity of Defects in Castings ........................................................... 16
B-l-Material Specifications for Metering Pump Parts ............................................. 27

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A P I STDSb75 9 4 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 00 5 3 7 5 7 97 5 4 W

Positive Displacement Pumps-


Controlled Volume

SECTION I-GENERAL

1.I Scope 1.4.6 Linearity is the relationship between the actual vol-
This standard covers the minimum requirements for con- ume of liquid discharged at a given capacity setting and a
trolled volume positive displacement pumps for use in ser- best fit straight line drawn through the plotted points of vol-
vice in the petroleum, chemical, and gas industries. Both ume andcapacity setting determined during calibration tests
packed-plunger and diaphragm types are included. Di- of a pump. The deviation from this line is expressed as per-
aphragm pumps that use direct mechanical actuation are ex- cent of the rated capacity of the pump.
cluded. See API Standard 674 forreciprocating pumps and 1.4.7 Local means mounted on, or in close proximity to,
Standard 676 for rotary pumps. the equipment.
Note: A bullet (o) at the beginningof a paragraph indicates that either a de- 1.4.8 Lost motion is a means of changing displacement of
cision is required or further information is tobe provided by the purchaser. a constant stroke pump by altering the effective
stroke length
This information should be indicatedon the data sheets(see Appendix A);
otherwise it should be stated in the quotation request or in the order. during each cycle. This may be accomplished mechanically
or hydraulically.
1.2
Alternative
Designs 1.4.9 Maximum allowable speed (in strokes per minute) is
The vendor mayoffer alternativedesigns. Equivalent met- the highest speed at which the manufacturer’s design will
ric dimensions, fasteners, and flanges may be substituted as permit continuous operation.
mutually agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor. 1.4.1 O Maximnm allowable temperature is the maximum
continuous temperature for which the manufacturer has de-
1.3 ConflictingRequirements signed the equipment (or any part to which the term is re-
In case of conflict between this standard and the inquiry or ferred) when handling the specified fluid at the specified
order, the information included in the order shall govern. pressure.
1.4DefinitionofTerms 1.4.1 1 Maximum allowable working pressureis the max-
imum continuous pressure for which the manufacturer has
Terms used in thisstandardare defined in 1.4.1 through 1.4.28. designed the equipment (or any part to which the term is re-
1.4.1 The alarm point is a preset value of a parameter at ferred) when handling the specified fluid at the specified
which an alarm is activated to warn of a condition that re- temperature.
quires corrective action. 1.4.1 2 Minimum allowable speed (in strokes per minute)
1.4.2 A controlled volume pumpis a reciprocating pump is the lowest speed at which the manufacturer’s design will
in which precise volume control is provided by varying ef- permit continuous operation.
fective stroke length. Such pumps are also known as propor-
1.4.1 3 Minimum allowable temperature is the minimum
tioning, chemical injection, dosing, or metering pumps.
continuous temperature for which the manufacturer has de-
1.4.2.1 In a packed-plungerpump, the process fluid is in signed the equipment (or any part to which the term is re-
direct contact with the plunger. ferred).
1.4.2.2 In a diaphragmpump, the process fluid is isolated 1.4.1 4 Multiplefeed (multiplexing) is the combination of
from the plunger bymeans of a hydraulically actuatedflat or two or more pumping elements with a common driver.
shaped diaphragm.
1.4.15 Net positive suction head (NPSH) is the total inlet
1.4.3 Differential pressure is the difference between dis- pressure, in meters (feet), determined at the pump suction
charge pressure and suction pressure. connection, minus the vapor pressure of the liquid in meters
1.4.4 Flow repeatability, expressed as a percent of rated (feet).
capacity, describes the reproducibility of pump flow rate un- Note: See Appendix E for a discussion of NPSH and Net Positive Inlet
der a given set of conditions when capacity setting is varied Pressure ( N P I P ) .
and then returned to the set point being tested. 1.4.16 Netpositive suction head available (NPSHA) is the
1.4.5 A gauge board is an unenclosed bracketor plate used NPSH, in meters (feet), deducting preliminary anticipated
to supportand display gauges, switches, and other instruments. system acceleration head, determined by the purchaser for

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2 API STANDARD
675

the pumping system with the fluid at the rated capacity and 1.4.28 The use of the word design in any term (suchas de-
normal pumping temperature. sign power, design pressure, design temperature, or design
Note: Selected equipment and final piping acoustic layout will dictate final speed) should be avoided in the purchaser's specifications.
acceleration head and resulting NPSHA. This terminology should be used only by the equipment de-
signer and the manufacturer.
1.4.1 7 Netpositive suction head required ( N P S H R ) is the
NPSH in meters (feet), including acceleration head, deter- 1.5 ReferencedPublications
mined by vendor testing, usually with water. NPSHR is mea-
sured at the suction flange. NPSHR is the minimum NPSH 1S.1 This standard makes reference to American stan-
at rated capacity required to prevent more than 3 percent ca- dards. Other internationalor national standards may be used
pacity drop due to cavitation within the pump. as mutually agreed between purchaser and vendor provided
that it can be shown that these other standards meet or ex-
1.4.18 Apanel is an enclosure used to mount, display, and ceed the American standards referenced.
protect gauges, switches, and other instruments.
1.5.2 The editions of the following standards, codes, and
1.4.19 Preliminary anticipated system acceleration head specifications that are in effect at the time of publication of
is the estimated pressure change due to changes in velocity this standard shall, to the extent specified herein, form a part
in the piping system. It is an important factor in the applica- of this standard. The applicability of changes in standards,
tion of reciprocating pumps because of the pulsating nature codes, and specificationsthat occur after the inquiry shall be
of the flow in the pump suction line, in addition to NPSHR, mutually agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor.
vapor pressure, and head required to overcome suction line
AFBMA'
losses.
Std 7 Shaft and Housing Fits forMetric Radial
Note: For additional information on acceleration head,refer to Hydraulic Ball and Roller Bearings (Except Tapered
Institute standards.
RollerBearings)ConformingtoBasic
1.4.20 Rated capacity is the quantity of fluid actually de- Boundary Plans
livered per unit of time at the stated operating conditions. Std 9 Load Ratings and Fatigue Life for Ball Bear-
Rated capacity includes liquid and any dissolved or en- ings
trained gases or solids, and is basedon suction conditions. Std 11 Load Ratings and Fatigue Lifefor Roller
1.4.21 Rated discharge pressure is the required discharge Bearings
Std 20 Radial Bearings of Ball, Cylindrical Roller,
pressure of the pump at rated capacity, speed, suction pres-
sure, specific gravity, and viscosity. and Spherical Roller Types, Metric Design;
Basic Plan for Boundary Dimensions, Toler-
1.4.22 Remote refers to a device located away from the ances, and Identification Codes
equipment or console, typically in a control house.
AGMAZ
1.4.23 The shutdown point is a preset valueof a parameter 341 .O2 Design of General Industrial Coarse - Pitch
in which automatic or manual shutdown of a system is re- Cylindrical Wormgearing
quired. 6010-E88 Standard for Spur, Helical, Herringbone and
1.4.24 Steady state accuracy is the flow variation ex- Bevel Enclosed Drives
pressed as a percentage of meandelivered flow under fixed- API
system conditions. Steady state accuracy applies over the Spec 5L Specification for Line Pipe
turndown ratio. RP 500 Classification of Locations for Electrical In-
1.4.25 Turndown ratio is the rated capacity divided by the stallations at Petroleum Refineries
minimum capacity that can be obtained while maintaining FtP 520 Sizing, Selection, and Installationof Pressure-
specified steady state accuracy and linearity. Relieving Devicesin Refineries,Part I-Sizing
and Selection, and Part II-Installation
1.4.26 Unit responsibility refers to the responsibility for
Std 526 Flanged Steel Safety Relief Valves
coordinating the technical aspects of the equipment and all
RP 550 Manual on Installation of Refinery Instru-
auxiliary systems included in the scope of the order. It in-
ments and Control Systems (Out of Print)
cludes responsibility for reviewing such factors as the power Std 614 Lubrication, Shaft-Sealing, and Control-Oil
requirements, speed, rotation, general arrangements, cou- Systems for Special-Purpose Applications
plings, noise, lubrication, material test reports, instrumenta-
tion, piping, and testing of components. 'Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis
Highway, Arlington, Virginia22202.
1.4.27 Volumetric eficiency is the ratio of the pump capac- 2American Gear ManufacturersAssociation, 1500 King Street, Suite201,
ity to pump displacement and is expressed as a percentage. Alexandria, Virginia223 14-2730.

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API S T D * b 7 5 74 W 0732290 0537581 302 m

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT
PUMPS-CONTROLLED VOLUME 3

Std 615 Sound Control of Mechanical Equipmentfor A 216 Specificationfor Carbon-Steel Castings Suit-
Refinery Services(Out of Print) able for Fusion Welding for High-Tempera-
Std 618 Reciprocating Compressorsfor General Re- ture Service
finery Services A 217 Specification for Martensitic Stainless Steel
RP 683 Quality Improvement Manualfor Mechani- and Alloy Steel Castings for Pressure-Con-
cal Equipment in Petroleum, Chemical,and taining Parts Suitable for High-Temperature
Gas Industries Service
Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards, Chapter 15 A 247 Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of
“Guidelines for theUse of the International Graphite in Iron Castings
System of Units (SI) in the Petroleum and A 269 Specification for SeamlessandWelded
Allied Industries” Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubingfor General
ASME3 Service
Boiler and Pressure VesselCode, Section V, “Nondestruc- A 276 Specification for Stainless and Heat-Resist-
tive Examination”; Section VIII, “Pressure ing Steel Bars and Shapes
Vessels”; and SectionIX, “Weldingand A 278 Specification for Gray Iron Castings for
Brazing Qualifications” Pressure-Containing Partsfor Temperatures
B1.1 Unified Inch Screw Threads (UN and UNR up to 650 “F (345 “C)
A 296 Specification for Corrosion-Resistant Iron-
Thread Form)
B 1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch) Chromium,Iron-Chromium-Nickel,and
B16.1 Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and FlangedFittings Nickel Base Alloy Castings for General Ap-
B 16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings, Steel plication
A 312 Specification for SeamlessandWelded
Nickel Alloyand Other Special Alloys
Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe
B16.11 Forged Fittings, Socket-Welding
and
A 322 Specificationfor Hot-Rolled AlloySteel Bars
Threaded
A 338 Specification for Malleable Iron Flanges,
B 16.42 Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fit-
Pipe Fittings, and Valve Parts for Railroad,
tings, ClassI50 and 300
Marine, and Other Heavy Duty Service at
B31.3 Chemical Plantand PetroleumRefinery Pip-
Temperatures up to 650 F (345°C)
ing
A 395 Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pres-
Y 14.2M Line Conventionsand Lettering
sure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated
AST%í4 Temperatures
A 48 Specification for Gray Iron Castings A 436 Specification for Austenitic Gray Iron Cast-
A 53 Specification for Welded andSeamless Zinc- ings
Coated Blackand Hot-Dipped Steel Pipe A 439 Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron
A 105 Specification for Carbon Steel Forgingsfor Castings
Piping Components A 494 Specification for Castings,Nickel,and
A 106 Specificationfor Seamless CarbonSteel Pipe Nickel Alloy
for High- Temperature Service A 515 Specification for Carbon Steel Pressure Ves-
A 108 Specification for Cold-FinishedCarbon sel Plates for Intermediate and Higher Tem-
Steel Bars, Standard Quality perature Service
A 181 Specification for Carbon Steel Forgingsfor A 524 Specificationfor Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe
General Purpose Piping for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures
A 192 Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel A 536 Specification for Ductile Iron Castings
Boiler Tubesfor High-pressure Service A 575 Specification for Merchant Quality Hot-
A 193 Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Rolled CarbonSteel Bars
Steel Bolting A 744 Specification for Castings, Iron-Chromium-
A 194 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nickel, Corrosion-Resistant,for Severe Ser-
Nuts or Boltsfor High-pressure and High- vice
Temperature Service B 124 Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy
A 197 Specification for Cupola MalleableIron Forging Rod, Bar, andShapes
B 139 Specification for Phosphor Bronze Rod, Bar,
3American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 345 East 47th Street, New and Shapes
York, New York 10017.
4AmericanSociety for Testing and Materials, 1916 Race Street, Philadel- B 164 Specification for Nickel-Copper AlloyRod,
phia, Pennsylvania 19103-1187. Bar, and Wire

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4 API STANDARD
675

B 473 SpeciJicationfor UNS N08020, UNS N08026, NACE7


and UNS N08024, Nickel Alloy Bar and Wire Corrosion Engineer's Reference Book
B 584 Specificationfor Copper Alloy Sand Castings MR-01-90 Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking Resistant
for Radiographic Testing Metallic Materialfor Oil Field Equipment
D 1418 Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices - NEMA8
Nomenclature MG 1 Motors and Generators
E 94 Recommended Practice for Radiographic
NFPA9
Testing
70 NationalElectrical Code
E 125 Reference Photographsfor Magnetic Parti-
cle Indicationson Ferrous Castings 1.5.3 The standards of the Hydraulic Instituteloalso form
E 142 Method for Controlling Quality of Radio- a part of this standard.
graphic Testing 1.5.4 The purchaser and the vendor shall mutually deter-
E 709 Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination mine the measures that must be taken tocomply with any
AWS governmental codes, regulations, ordinances, or rules that
D1.l Structural WeldingCodeateel are applicable to the equipment.
IS06 1.5.5 It is the vendor's responsibility to invoke all applica-
228 Pipe Threads Where Pressure-Tight Joints ble specifications to each subvendor.
Are Not Made on the Threads,Part l-"Des-
ignation/Dimensions and Tolerances" and 1.6UnitConversion
Part 2-"Verification by Means of Limit The factors in Chapter15 of the M I Manual of Petroleum
Gauges" Measurement Standardswere used to convert from custom-
7005 Metallic Flanges, Part I-"Steel Flanges" ary to SI units. The resulting exact SI units were then
and Part II-"Cast Iron Flanges" rounded off.

SAmerican Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Road, Miami, Florida 7National Associationof Corrosion Engineers,P.O. Box 218340, Houston,
33135. Texas 77218.
6Intemational Organizationfor StandXdi&on. Is0 publications are avail- 8National Electrical Manufacturers Association, 2101
L Street, N.W.,Wash-
able from ANSI (American National Standards Institute, 1 1 West 42nd ington, D.C. 20037.
Street, New York, New York 10036). gNational Fire Protection Association, 1 BatterymarchPark, Quincy,
Massachusetts 02269-9101,
I0Hydraulic Institute,14600 Detroit Avenue, Cleveland,Ohio 44107.

SECTION 2-BASIC DESIGN

2.1 General 2.1.6 The arrangement of the equipment, including piping


2.1 .I The equipment (including auxiliaries) covered by and auxiliaries, shall be developed jointly by the purchaser
this standard shall be designed and constructed for a mini- and the vendor. The arrangement shall provide adequate
mum service life of 20 years and at least 3 years of uninter- clearance areas and safe access for operation and mainte-
rupted operation. It is recognized that this is a design nance.
criterion. o 2.1.7 Motors, electrical components, and installations
2.1.2 The vendor shall assume unit responsibility for all shall be suitable for the area classification (class, group, and
division or zone) specified by the purchaser on the data
equipment and all auxiliary systems included in the scope of
the order. sheets and shall meet the requirements of the National Fire
Protection Association (NFPA) 70, Articles 500,501, 502,
o 2.1.3 The purchaser will specify the equipment's normal and 504, as well as local codes specified and furnished by
operating point on the data sheets. the purchaser.
o 2.1.4 Control of the sound pressure level (SPL) of all 2.1.8 Oil reservoirs and housings that enclose moving lu-
equipment furnished shallbe on a joint effort of the pur- bricated parts (such as bearings, shaft seals, highly polished
chaser and the vendor. The equipment furnished by the ven- parts, instruments, andcontrol elements) shall be designed to
dor shall conform to the maximumallowable sound pressure minimize contaminationby moisture, dust, and other foreign
level specified by the purchaser. matter during periods of operation and idleness.
2.1.5 Equipment shall be designed to run to the trip speed 2.1.9 All equipment shall be designed to permit rapid and
and reliefvalve settings without damage. economical maintenance, particularly regarding packing and

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API STD*b75 9Y W 0732290 0537583 L85 m

POSITIVE PUMPS-CONTROLLED
DISPLACEMENT VOLUME 5

valves. Major parts shall be designed and manufactured to 2.2.3 The use of tapped holes in pressure parts shall be
ensure accurate alignment on reassembly. minimized. To prevent leakage in pressure sections of cas-
2.1.1 O The pump design shall allow access for adjustment ings, metal equal in thickness to at least half of the nominal
or replacement of liquid end components including packing, bolt diameter, in addition to the allowance for corrosion,
seals, check valves,and other wetted parts thatrequire main- shall be left around and below the bottom of drilled and
tenance. tapped holes. The depth of the tapped holes shall be at least
1%times the stud diameter.
2.1 .ll The check valves shall be removable from the liq-
uid end for servicing orreplacement. If removable spool 2.2.4 Studded connections shall be furnished with studs
pieces are required in the purchaser’s piping to accomplish and nuts installed. The first 1%threads at both ends of each
this, the vendor shall so state in the proposal. stud shall be removed.
0 2.1.1 2 The purchaser will specify whether the installation 2.2.5 Bolting shall be furnished as specified in 2.2.5.1
is indoors (heated or unheated) or outdoors (with or without through 2.2.5.5.
a roof), as well as the weather andenvironmental conditions 2.2.5.1 Thedetails of threadingshallconform to
in which the equipment must operate (including maximum ASME B1.l.
and minimum temperatures, unusual humidity, anddusty or 2.2.5.2 Studs shall be supplied unless cap screws are
corrosive conditions). specifically approved by the purchaser.
2.1.13 Spare parts for the machine and all furnished aux- 2.2.5.3 Adequate clearance shall be provided at bolting lo-
iliaries shall meet all the criteria of this standard. cations to permit the use of socket or box wrenches.
2.1.1 4 The pump flow rate shall be adjustable over the 2.2.5.4 Internal socket-type, slotted-nut-type, or spanner-
specified turndown ratio while the pump isrunning. type bolting shall not be used unless specifically approved
2.1.15 Rated capacity shall be at least 110 percent of the by the purchaser.
maximum capacity specified. 2.2.5.5 Stud ASTM markinggrade shall be located on the
2.1.1 6 The steady state flow accuracy shall be within plus nut end of the exposed stud end.
or minus 1 percent over a turndown ratio of at least 1O:l. 2.2.6 Jackscrews, lifting lugs, eyebolts, guide dowels, and
Note: It should be recognized that this accuracy generally cannotbe guar- alignment dowels shall be provided to facilitate disassembly
anteed below 10 percent of rated flow. and reassembly when required by pump design. When
2.1.1 7 The flow repeatability shall be within plusor minus jackscrews are used as a means of parting contacting faces,
3 percent of rated flow over the specified turndown ratio. one of the faces shall be relieved (counterbored or recessed)
to prevent a leaking joint orimproper fit caused by marring
2.1.1 8 Deviation from linearity shall not exceed plus or of the face.Guide rods shall be of sufficient length
to prevent
minus 3 percent of rated flow over the specified turndown damage to the internals or studs by any component during
ratio. disassembly and reassembly.
2.1.19 Minimum differential pressure required to ensure
the specified flow accuracy shall be stated by the vendor in 2.3 Liquid End Connections
the quotation. O
2.3.1 Inlet and outlet connections shall be flanged or ma-
o 2.1.20 When specified, liquid ends shall be supplied with chined and studded, oriented as specified, and shall be suit-
jacketed housings for heating or cooling the fluid being able for the working pressure to which it is normally
pumped. subjected as defined in 1.4.11.
2.3.2 Connections welded to the liquid end shall meet the
2.2 Pressure-ContainingParts material requirements of the liquid end, including impact
2.2.1 The hoop-stress values used in the design of pres- values, rather than the requirements of the connected piping
sure-containing parts shall not exceed the maximum allow- (see 2.13.4.5). All welding ofconnections shall be done be-
able stress values in tension specified in Section VIII, fore hydrostatic testing (see 4.3.2).
Division 1, of the ASME Code at the maximum operating 2.3.3 Openings for piping connections shall be at least
temperature of the material used. nominal pipe size (NPS) % and shall be flanged or ma-
2.2.2 Pressure-containing parts shall be positively bolted chined and studded. Where flanged or machined and stud-
together (wing bolts, set screws, and clamps shall not be ded openings are impractical, threaded openings in sizes
used) and shall be designed to prevent injurious distortion W S % through NPS 1% are permissible. These threaded
caused by temperature, pressure, torque, and allowable ex- openings shall be installed as specified in 2.3.3.1 through
ternal forces and moments. 2.3.3.7.

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A P I STD*b75 94 m 0732290 0537584 Oll m

6 API STANDARD 675

2.3.3.1 A pipe nipple, preferably not more than 150 mil-


limeters (6 inches) long, shall be screwed into the threaded
check-valve element shall be provided for quick seating ac-
tion and maximum seat life. When specified, double check
0
opening. valves (both suction and discharge) shall be furnished.
2.3.3.2 Pipe nipples shall be a minimum of Schedule 160
seamless for sizes NPS 1 and smaller and a minimum of
2.5 Diaphragms
Schedule 80 for a size of N P S 1%. 2.5.1 Diaphragms provide isolation and transmit hydraulic
motion from one fluid to another. Diaphragm materials shall
2.3.3.3 The pipe nipple shall be provided with a welding-
be compatible with the fluids they contact at all specified
neck or socket-weld flange.
temperatures. Theyshall be designed to withstand maximum
2.3.3.4 The nipple and flange materials shall meet the re- flexing regardless of stroke-length setting and shall be of
quirements of 2.3.2. sufficient thickness and density to prevent permeation.
2.3.3.5 The threaded connection shall be seal welded: 2.5.2 Singleordouble diaphragms(direct or remote
however, seal welding is not permitted on cast iron equip- mounted) may be used.
ment, for instrument connections, or where disassembly is
2.5.3 Single diaphragms and primary diaphragms on dou-
required for maintenance. Seal-welded joints shall be in ac-
ble diaphragm pumpsshall have provisions to prevent excess
cordance with ASME B31.3.
flexure.
2.3.3.6 Tapped openings and bosses for pipe threads shall
2.5.4 Doublediaphragmdesignsintended to prevent
conform to ASME B16.5.
overextension of the secondary diaphragm (e.g., tubular dia-
2.3.3.7 Pipe threads shall be taper threads conforming to phragms) shall provide for a fluid filled intermediate cham-
ASME B 1.20.l. ber to transmit the motion from the primary diaphragm to the
2.3.4 Openings for N P S M, 2%,3!4,5,7, and 9 shall not be secondary diaphragm. The intermediate fluid shall be com-
used. patible with both the process fluid and the hydraulic fluid.
2.3.5 Tapped openings not connected to piping shall be 2.5.5 Unless otherwise specified, double diaphragm designs
plugged with solid, round-head steel plugs furnished in ac- intended to provide means for detecting diaphragm failwe shall
cordance with ASME B16.11. As a minimum, these plugs provide a tapped holefor either a conductivity probe in the in-
shall meet the material requirements of the liquid end. Plugs termediate fluid or a pressure type detector between di-
that may later require removal shall be of corrosion-resistant aphragms ina dry design. If the probeldetector is not specified,
material. Lubricant of the proper temperature specification a threaded plug shallbe factory installedin the tapped hole.
shall be used on all threaded connections. Tape shall not be
applied to threads of plugs inserted into oil passages. Plastic 2.6 PackedPlungers
plugs are not permitted. 2.6.1 Packed-plunger liquid ends shall provide for proper
2.3.6 Flanges shall conform to ASME B16.1, B16.5, or guiding of the plunger through the complete stroke cycle
B16.42 as applicable, except as specified in 2.3.6.1 through with minimum side loading against the packing. A lantern
2.3.6.2. ring shall beprovided in the stuffingbox for flushing or
adding lubricant to the packing. The pump bodyshall have a
2.3.6.1 Cast iron flanges shall be flat faced and shall have
minimum W S X drilled and tapped hole on the top and bot-
a minimum thickness of Class 250 per ASMEB16.1 for
tom, in line with the lantern ring to provide inlet and outlet
sizes 8 inches and smaller.
for flushing. When a packing lubricant is used, the bottom
2.3.6.2 Flat-faced flanges with full raised-face thickness hole shall have a threaded plug installed.
are acceptable on casings other than cast iron, with pur-
2.6.2 Provision shall be made between the drive mecha-
chaser’s approval.
nism andthe plunger liquid end to contain stuffing boxleak-
2.3.7 Machined and studded connections shall conform to age or toprovide special liquid-end conditioning.
the facing anddrilling requirements of ASME B16.1, B16.5, or
Note: The purchaser and the vendor should review any potential leakage
col-
ASME B 16.42. Studs and nuts shall be furnished installed.The lection system to ensure that all applicable environmental regulations
are met.
first 1%threads at both ends of each stud shall
be removed.
2.3.8 All of the purchaser’s connections shall be accessi- 2.7 ReliefValveApplication
ble for disassembly without the machine being moved. 2.7.1 Diaphragm pumps shall have an integral, adjustable
hydraulic relief valve to provide full protection of the pump
O 2.4 PumpCheckValves drive mechanism from excessive discharge pressure. The re-
The suction and discharge check-valve cartridges or seats lief valve setting shall be at least 10 percent or 175 kPa
and elements shall be field replaceable. Proper guiding
of the (25 psi) over the rated discharge pressure. The relief valve

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
". -~
API STDsb75 94 W 0732290 0537585 T58m

POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS"CONTR0LLED VOLUME 7

shall be self-seating and shall be easily accessible for adjust- 2.1 1.2The vendor shall state in the operating manual the
ment, repair, or replacement. amount of and specifications for the lubricating and hy-
2.7.2 Packed-plungerpumps require external relief valves draulic oil required.
for mounting in the purchaser's piping. (3.4.4.5)
2.1 2 CapacityAdjustment
2.8 Gears 2.1 2.1Pump capacity shallbe adjusted by changing theac-
tual or the effectivestroke length or the pump stroking
speed.
All gears used in the pump drive assembly shall be metal.
They shall be designed with AGMA criteria as a guide and 2.12.2 The pump shall be capable of accepting manual or
with a minimum service factor of 1.5 per AGMA 341.02or automatic capacity stroke control, either factory mounted or
6010 as applicable. The gear lubrication system
shall be self- by field conversion.
contained. 2.12.3 Integral pump devices used to vary capacity either
manually or automatically shall be provided with visual in-
2.9 Enclosure dication of capacity setting, shown as a percentage of the
2.9.1 The drive enclosure shall use materials of sufficient nameplate rated flow. Manual controlshall include a locking
strength and thickness to provide stable, accurate alignment device to positively retain the capacity setting.
of drive parts. 2.12.4 The direction of movement to increase or decrease
2.9.2 The drive enclosure shall be provided with an oil pump flow shall be clearly marked. All adjustment means and
drain at the low point of the housing and withfill provisions indicators shall be easily accessible withthe pump installed.
so that oil may be changed without disturbing the pump in-
stallation. 2.13 Materials
2.9.3 The enclosure shall be suitable for mounting on con- 2.13.1 GENERAL
crete slabs or masonry and shall be weatherproof and dust-
2.13.1.1 Materials of construction shall be manufacturer's
tight. standard for the specified operating conditions, except as re-
2.9.4 All static seals and gaskets on the drive enclosure quired or prohibited by the data sheets or text of this stan-
shall be leakage free for at least 3 years. Dynamic seals shall dard. (See 3.5 for auxiliary piping material requirements.)
be easily replaceable. The metallurgy of all major components shall be clearly
stated in the vendor's proposal.
2.10 DriveBearings 2.13.1.2 Materials shall be identified in the proposal with
2.10.1 Antifriction bearings shall have a minimum L-10 the applicable ASTM, AISI", ASME, or SAE'*numbers, in-
rated life (see AFBMA Standard 9) of either 25,000 hours cluding materialgrade (see Appendix B). When no such des-
with continuous operation at rated conditions or 16,000 ignation is available, the vendor's material specification,
hours at maximum axial and radial loads and rated speed. giving physical properties, chemical composition, and test
Note: Therated life is the number of hours at rated bearing load and speed requirements, shall be included in the proposal.
that 90 percent of the group of identical bearings will complete or exceed
before the firstevidence of failure. 2.13.1.3 The vendor shall specify the ASTM optional
tests and inspection procedures that may be necessaryto en-
2.1 0.2Antifriction bearings shall be retained on the shaft sure that materialsare satisfactory for the service. Such tests
and fitted into housings inaccordance with the requirements and inspectionsshall be listed in the proposal.The purchaser
of AFBMA Standard 7; however, the device used to lock may consider specifying additional tests and inspections, es-
ball thrust bearings to the shaft shall be restricted by a nut pecially for materials used incritical components.
with a tongue-type lock washer, for example, Series W.
2.1 3.1.4External parts subject to rotary
or sliding motions
12.10.3 Except for the angular contact type, antifriction (such as control linkage joints and adjusting mechanisms)
bearings shall have a loose internal clearance fit equivalent shall be of corrosion-resistant materials suitable for the site
to AFBMA Symbol 3, as defined in AFBMA Standard 20. environment.
Tapered roller bearingsshall have a clearancefit as described
2.13.1.5 Minor parts that are not identified (such as nuts,
in AFBMA 11. Single- or double-row bearings shall be of
springs, washers, gaskets, and keys) shall have corrosion re-
the Conrad type (no filling slots).
sistance at least equal to that of specified parts in the same
environment.
2.11 Lubrication
2.11 .I The lubrication system shall be of a forced-feed, "American Iron and Steel Institute, 1000 16th Street, MV, Washington,
D.C. 20036.
splash, or submerged type and shall lubricate the reduction "Society of Automotive Engineers,400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale,
gears, bearings, and all other
requiredpoints except the driver. Pennsylvania 15096.

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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8 API S'TANDARD 675

0 2.1 3.1.6 The purchaser will specify any corrosive agents brittle fracture at ambient or low temperatures. Therefore,
present in the motive and process fluidin and
the environment, only fully killed, normalized steels made to fine-grain prac-
stress corrosion cracking.
including constituents that may cause tice are acceptable.
2.13.1.7 If parts exposed to conditions that promote inter- 2.13.1.13 Bolting material for pressurejoints for cast iron
granular corrosion are to be fabricated, hard faced, overlaid, casings shall be carbon steel (ASTM A 307, Grade B), and
or repaired by welding, they shall be made of low-carbon or for steel casings shall be high-temperature alloy steel
stabilized grades of austenitic stainless steel. (ASTM A 193, Grade B7). Nuts shall conform to ASTM A
Note: Overlays or hard surfaces that contain more than 0.10 percent carbon
194, Grade 2H (or ASTM A 307, Grade B, case hardened,
of austenitic stainlesssteel
can sensitize both low-carbon and stabilized grades where space is limited). For temperatures below -30°C
unless a buffer layer that is not sensitive
to intergranular attackis applied. (-2073, low-temparature bolting material in accordance with
ASTM A 320 shall be used.
2.1 3.1.8 Where mating parts such as studs and nuts of
AIS1 Standard Type 300 stainless steel or materials withsim- 2.13.2 CASTINGS
ilar galling tendencies are used, they shall be lubricated with
an antiseizure compound of the proper temperature specifi- 2.1 3.2.1 Castings shall be sound and free from hot tears,
cation and compatible with the specified fluid. shrink holes, blow holes, cracks, scale, blisters, and similar
injurious defects. Porosity shall not exceed the limits stated
Note: Torque loading values will differ considerably with and withoutan in the material inspection acceptance criteria (4.2.2). Sur-
antiseizure compound.
faces of castings shall be cleaned by sandblasting, shotblast-
0 2.1 3.1.9 Materials exposed to a sour environment (wet ing, chemical cleaning, or any other standard method.
H2S), as defined by NACE MR-01-90, shall be in accor- Mold-parting fins and remains of gates and risers shall be
dance with the requirements of that standard. Ferrous mate- chipped, filed, or ground flush.
rials not covered by NACE MR-01-90 shall be limited to a 2.13.2.2 The use of chaplets in pressure castings shall be
yield strength not exceeding 6200 bar (90,000 psi) and a held to a minimum. The chaplets shall be clean and cÔÎo-
hardness not exceeding Rockwell C22. sion free (plating permitted) and of a composition compati-
Note: It is the responsibility of the purchaser to determine the amount of ble with the casting.
H$ that may be present, considering normal operation, startup, shutdown,
idle standby, upsets, or unusual operating conditions suchas catalyst regen- 2.1 3.2.3 Ferrous castings for pressure containing parts
eration. In many applications, small amountsof H2S are sufficient to require shall not be repaired by welding, peening, plugging, burning
NACE materials. When there are trace quantities of H2S known to be pre- in, or impregnating, exceptas specified in 2.13.2.3.1 and
sent or if there is any uncertainty about the amountof H2S that maybe pre-
sent, the purchaser should automatically note on the data sheets that NACE 2.13.2.3.2.
materials are required. 2.13.2.3.1 Weldable grades of steel castings may be re-
Components that are fabricated by weldingshall be stress paired by welding, using a qualified welding procedure
relieved, if required, so that both the welds and the heat-af- based on the requirements of Section VIII, Division 1, and
fected zones meet the yield strength and hardness require- Section IX of the ASME Code.
ments. The purchaser will specify on the data sheets the 2.1 3.2.3.2 Cast gray ironor nodular iron maybe repaired by
presence of such agents in the media. Exceptions to this re- plugging within the limits specified in ASTM A 278, A 395, or
quirement may be (1) the surface of piston rods or plungers A 536. The holes drilledfor plugs shallbe carefully examined,
in the packing area and (2) the valve components where using liquid penetrant, ensure
to that all defective material has
greater hardness has proven necessary. been removed. All repairs that are not covered by ASTM spec-
2.1 3.1.1O When dissimilar materials with significantly ifications shallbe subject to the purchaser's approval.
different electrical potentials are placed in contact with the 2.13.2.4 Fullyenclosedcoredvoids,includingvoids
presence of an electrolytic solution, galvanic couples that closed by plugging, are prohibited.
can result in serious corrosion of the less noble material may 2.13.2.5 Gray cast iron (ASTM A278) shall not be used
be created. If such conditions exist, the purchaser and the for pressure-containingparts that handle flammable or toxic
vendor shouldselect materials in accordance with the NACE fluids. With the purchaser's approval, nodular cast iron
Corrosion Engineer's Reference Book. (ASTM A 395) maybe used in such services.
2.1 3.1.1 1 Materials, castingfactors, and the quality of any . Note: It is recommended that nodular cast iron only be used for servicesless
welding shall be equal to those requiredby Section VIII, Di- than 14 bar gauge (200 psig) and 50'C (125'F).
vision 1, of the ASME Code. The manufacturer's data report 2.1 3.2.6 Nodular ironcastings shall be producedin accor-
forms, as specified in the code, are not required. dance with ASTM A 395. The production of the castings
2.1 3.1.1 2 The use of ASTM A 515 steel is prohibited. shall also conform tothe conditions specified in in 2.13.2.6.1
Low-carbon steels can be notch sensitive and susceptible to through 2.13.2.6.5.

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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POSITIVE
DISPLACEMENT
P U M P S ~ O N T R OVOLUME
LLED 9

2.13.2.6.1 A minimum of one set (three samples) of Code and ASME B31.3, such as welding on baseplates, non-
Charpy V-notch impact specimens at one-third the thickness pressure ducting, lagging, and control panels, shall be per-
of the test block shall be made from the material adjacent to formed in accordance with AWS D l.l.
the tensile specimen on each keel or Y block. These speci- 2.13.4.4 Pressure-containingcomponentsmade of
mens shall have a minimum impact value of 14 joules (10 wrought materials or combinations of wrought andcast ma-
foot-pounds) at room temperature. terials shall conform to the conditions specified in 2.13.4.4.l
2.1 3.2.6.2 The keel orY block cast at the end ofpour theshall through 2.13.4.4.3.
be at least as thick as the thickest section
of the main casting. 2.13.4.4.1 Plate edges shall be inspected by magnetic par-
2.13.2.6.3 Integrally cast test bosses, preferably at least ticle or liquid penetrant examination as requiredby Sec-
25 millimeters (1 inch) in height and diameter, shall be pro- tion VIII, Division 1, UG-93(d)(3), of the ASME Code.
vided at critical areas of the casting for subsequent removal 2.13.4.4.2 Accessible surfaces of welds shall be inspected
for thepurposes of hardness testing and microscopic exam- by magnetic particle or liquid penetrant examination after
ination. Critical areas are typically heavy sections, section backchipping or gouging andagain after postweld heat treat-
changes, high-stress pointssuch as drilled lubrication points, ment.
valve ports, flanges, and other points agreed upon by the pur-
2.1 3.4.4.3 Pressure-containingwelds, including welds of
chaseíí and the vendor. Classification of graphite nodules
the cylinder to horizontal- and vertical-joint
flanges, shall be
shall be in accordance with ASTM A 247.
full-penetration welds.
2.13.2.6.4 An as-cast sample from each ladle shall be
2.1 3.4.5 Connections weldedto pressure-containing com-
chemically analyzed.
ponents shall be installed as specified in 2.13.4.5.1 through
2.1 3.2.6.5 Brinell hardness readingsshall be made on the 2.13.4.5.5.
actual casting at feasible locations on section changes,
2.13.4.5.1 In addition to the requirements of 2.13.4.1, the
flanges, and valve ports. Sufficient surface material shall be
purchaser may specify that 100 percent radiography, mag-
removed beforehardness readings are made to eliminate any
netic particle inspection, or liquid penetrant inspection of
skin effect. Readings shall also be made at the extremities of welds is required.
the casting at locations that represent the sections poured
f i t and last.These shall be made in additionto Brinell read- 2.1 3.4.5.2 Auxiliary piping welded to chromium-molyb-
ings on the keel or Y blocks. denum alloy steel or 12-percent chrome steel components
shall be of the same material, except that chromium-molyb-
2.13.3
FORGINGS denum alloy steel pipe may be substituted for 12-percent
chrome steel pipe.
Unless otherwise agreed upon by the purchaser and the
vendor, the forging material shallbe selected from those 2.1 3.4.5.3 When heat treating is required, piping welds
listed in Appendix B. shall be made before the component is heat treated.
e 2.13.4.5.4 When specified, proposed connection designs
2.13.4
WELDING shall be submitted to the purchaser for approval before fab-
2.13.4.1 Welding of piping and pressure-containing parts, rication. The drawing shall show weld designs, size, materi-
as well as any dissimilar metal welds and weldrepairs, shall als, and preweld andpostweld heat treatments.
be performed and inspected by operators and procedures 2.13.4.5.5 All welds shall be heat treated in accordance
qualified in accordance with Section VIII, Division 1, and with Section VIII, Division 1, W - 4 0 , of the ASME Code.
Section IX of the ASME Code. The manufacturer’s data re-
port forms as specified in the code arenot required. 2.13.5IMPACTTESTREQUIREMENTS
2.1 3.4.2 The vendor shall be responsible for the review of
2.13.5.1 To avoid brittle fracture during operation, main-
all repairs and repair welds to ensure that they are properly
tenance, transportation, erection, and testing, good design
heat treated and nondestructively examined for soundness
practice shall be followed in the selection of fabrication
and compliance with the applicable qualified procedures
methods, welding procedures, and materials for vendor-fur-
(2.13. l. 11). Repair welds shall be nondestructivelytested by
nished steel pressure retaining parts that may be subject to a
the same method used to detect the original flaw. Asa min- temperature below the ductile-brittle transition point.
imum, this shall be in accordance with 4.2.2.4 for magnetic
material and by the liquid penetrant method in accordance Note: The published design-allowablestresses for many materials in the
ASME Code andANSI standards are based on minimum tensile properties.
with 4.2.2.5 for nonmagnetic material. The ASME Code andANSI standards do not differentiate between rimmed,
semi-killed, filly killed, hot-rolled, and normalized material,nor do they
2.1 3.4.3 Unless otherwise specified, all welding other take into account whether materials were produced underfine- or coarse-
than that covered by Section VIII, Division 1, of the ASME grain practices.

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services I
~

A P I STDrb75 94 m 0732290 05i7588 767 m

10 API STANDARD
675

The vendor shall exercise caution in the selection of ma- 2.14 NameplatesandRotationArrows
terials intended for service between -30°C (-20°F) and 40°C 2.14.1 A nameplate shall be securely attached to a readily
(100°F). visible location on the equipment and on any other major
2.1 3.5.2 All pressure-containing components, including piece of auxiliary equipment.
nozzles, flanges, and weldments, shall be impact tested in 2.14.2 Rotation arrows shall be cast in or attached to each
accordance with the requirements of Section VIII, Division major item of rotating equipment in a readily visible loca-
1, Sections USC-65 through 68, of the ASME Code. High- tion. Nameplates and rotation arrows attached)
(if shall be of
alloy steels shall be tested in accordance with Section VIII, ANSI Standard Type 300 stainless steel or of nickel-copper
Division 1, Section UHA-51, of the ASME Code. alloy (Monel or its equivalent). Attachment pins shall be of
Impact testing is not required if the requirements of Sec- the same material. Welding is notpermitted.
tion VIII, Division 1, Section UG-20F, of the ASME Code
are met. o 2.1 4.3 The purchaser’s item number, the vendor’s name,
Nominal thicknessfor castings as defined inSection VIII, the machine’s serial number, and the machine’s size and
Division 1, Paragraph UCS-66(2), of the ASME Code shall type, as well as its minimum and maximum allowable de-
exclude structural support sections such as feet or liftiiglugs. sign limits and rating data (including pressures, tempera-
The results of the impact testing shall meet the minimum tures, speeds, and power), maximum allowable working
impact energy requirements Section
of VIU, Division1, Sec- pressures and temperatures, and hydrostatic test pressures,
tion UG-84 of the ASME Code. shall appear on the machine’s nameplafe.The purchaser will
specify on the data sheet whether customary or SI units are
2.1 3.5.3 The purchaser will specify the minimum design to be shown.
metal temperature used
to establish impacttest requirements.
Note: Normally this willbe the lowerof the minimum surrounding ambient 2.1 5 Quality
temperature or minimum fluid pumping temperature: however, the pur-
chaser may specify a minimum metal temperature based onfluid pumped Refer to API Recommended Practice 683 forguidelines
properties suchas autorefrigerationat reduced pressures. on improving the quality of equipment.

SECTION 3”ACCESSORIES

3.1 Drivers a. Electrical characteristics.


b. Type ofenclosure.
3.1.1 The type of driver willbe specified. The driver shallbe
c. Sound pressure level.
sized to meet the maximum specified operating conditions, in-
d. Area classification, based on A P I Recommended Practice
cluding external gear and/or coupling losses, and shallbe in ac-
cordance with applicable specifications,as stated in the inquiry 500.
and order.The driver shallbe suitable for satisfactory operation
e. Type ofinsulation.
f. Required service factor.
under the utility and site conditions specified.
g. Ambient temperature and elevation above sea level.
3.1.2 Anticipated process variations that may affect the
e 3.1.6 The motor’s starting-torque requirements shall be
sizing of the driver (such as changes in the pressure, temper-
met at a specified reduced voltage, and the motor shall accel-
ature, or properties of the fluid handled, as well as special
erate to full speed withina period oftime agreed upon by the
plant start-up conditions) will be specified.
purchaser and the vendor.
3.1.3 The starting conditions for the driven equipment will
Note: For most applications, the starting voltageis typically 80 percent of
be specified, and the starting method shall be mutually the normal voltage,and the time required to accelerate to full speed is gen-
agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor. The driver’s erally less than 15 seconds.
starting-torquecapabilities shall exceed the speed-torquere-
3.1.7 For drivers that weigh more than 250 kilograms
quirements of the driven equipment.
(500 pounds), the equipment feet shall be provided with ver-
3.1.4 For motor-driven units, the motor nameplate rating tical jackscrews.
be at least 110 percent
(exclusiveof the service factor) shall of
the greatest power required (includiug gear and coupling 3.2CouplingsandGuards
losses) for any of the specified operating conditions. The mo- 3.2.1 Unless otherwise specified, couplings and guardsbe-
tor nameplate rating, including service factor,beshall suitable tween drivers and driven equipment shall be supplied by the
for operation at 110 percentof the relief valve setting. manufacturer of the driven equipment.
3.1.5 The purchaser will specify the type of motor and its 3.2.2 Unless otherwise specified, couplings shall be man-
characteristics and accessories, including the following: ufacturer’s standard.

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
APL S T D * b 7 5 74 m 0732270 05375e7 bT3

POSITIVE VOLUME
DWACEMENTPUMPS-CONTROCLED 11

3.2.3 Guards shall be supplied by the vendor for exposed 3.4 ControlsandInstrumentation
shafts or couplings. They shall be manufactured in accor-
dance with any specified codes. 3.4.1 GENERAL
3.4.1 .I Unless otherwise specified, instrumentation and
3.3 Baseplates installation shall conform to the requirements of API Stan-
3.3.1 The pump shall be provided with a baseplate or dard 614.
equivalent arrangement suitable forpermanent mounting. 3.4.1.2 Unless otherwise specified, controls and instru-
Baseplates, or pump frames, shall have provisions for bolt- mentation shall be suitable for outdoor installation.
ing the complete unit rigidly to a foundation.
3.4.1.3 Where applicable, controls and instrumentation
3.3.2 Pumps with separate drivers shall be provided with shall conform to A P I Recommended Practice 550.
continuous baseplates under both the pump and the driver.
3.3.3 Machinery supports shall be designed to limit a 3.4.2 CONTROLSYSTEMS
change of alignment caused by the worst combination of 3.4.2.1 The control system may be mechanical, pneu-
pressure, torque, and allowable piping stress to 50 microm- matic, hydraulic, electric, or any combination thereof. The
eters (0.002 inch) at the coupling flange. system may be manual, or it may be automatic with a man-
e 3.3.4 When epoxy grout is specified, the vendor shall ual override. The purchaser will specify the source of the
commercially sandblast, in accordance with SSPC SP 6,all control signal, its sensitivity and range, and the
equipment to
the grouting surfaces of the mounting plates and shall pre- be furnished by the vendor.
coat these surfaces with a catalyzed epoxy primer applied to 3.4.2.2 The full range of the specified control signal will
degreasedwhitemetal. The epoxyprimershallbe correspond to the required operating rangeof the driven
compatible with epoxy grout. The vendor shall submit to the equipment. Unless otherwise specified, the maximum con-
purchaser instructions for field preparationof the epoxy trol signal shall correspond to the maximum continuous
primer. speed or the maximum flow.
Note: Epoxy primers have a limitedlife after application.The grout manu-
facturer shouldbe consulted to ensure proper field preparation of the mount- 3.4.3 INSTRUMENT ANDCONTROLPANELS
ing plate for satisfactory bondingof the grout.
3.4.3.1 When specified, a panel shall be provided and
3.3.5 Anchor bolts shall notbe used to fasten machineryto shall include all panel-mounted instruments for the driven
the mounting plates. equipment and the driver. Such panels shall be designed and
3.3.6 The vendor of the mounting plates shall furnish fabricated in accordance with the purchaser’s description.
stainless steel shim packs of at least 3 millimeters (%-inch) The purchaser will specify whether the panel is to be free-
thickness between the equipment feet and the mounting standing, located on the base of the unit, or inanother loca-
plates. All shim packs shall straddle the hold-down bolts. tion. The instruments on the panel shall be clearly visible to
the operator from the driver control point. A lamp test push
3.3.7 Anchor bolts will be furnished by the purchaser. button shall be provided.The instruments to be mountedon
3.3.8 Fasteners for attachingthecomponentstothe the panel will be specified.
mounting plates and jackscrews for leveling the pedestal 3.4.3.2 Panels shall be completely assembled, requiring
soleplates shall be supplied by the vendor. only connection to the purchaser’s external piping and
3.3.9 Jackscrews shall be provided for vertical adjustment wiring circuits. When more than one wiring point is required
of baseplates on units exceeding 450 kilograms (1000 on a unit for control or instrumentation, the wiring to each
pounds) in overall weight. switch or instrument shall be provided from a single terminal
3.3.1O Mounting pads shall be provided for the pump and box with terminal posts mounted on the unit (or its base, if
all drive train components. The pads shall be larger than the any). Wiring shall be installed in metal conduits or enclo-
foot of the mounted equipment to allow leveling of the base- sures. All leads and posts on terminal strips, switches, and
plate without removal of the equipment. The pads shall be instruments shall be tagged for identification.
fully machined flat and parallel. Corresponding surfaces
shall be in the same plane within 1:6OOOof distance between
3.4.4 INSTRUMENTATION
the pads. This requirement shall be met by supporting and
clamping the baseplate at the foundation bolt holes only. Pro-
3.4.4.1 TemperatureGauges
vision for shims between such surfaces shall not eliminate 3.4.4.1 .I Dial-type temperature gauges shall be heavy
this requirement. duty and corrosion resistant. They shall be at least 125 mil-

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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12 API STANDARD
675

limeters (5 inches) in diameter and bimetallic


or liquid filled. 3.4.5ELECTRICALSYSTEMS
Black printingon a white background is standard for gauges. 0 3.4.5.1 The characteristicsof electrical power supplies for
3.4.4.1.2 The sensing elements of thermometers and tem- motors, heaters, and instrumentation will be specified. A pi-
perature gauges shall be in the flowing fluid. This is partic- lot light shall be provided on the incoming side of each sup-
ularly important for lines that may runpartially full. ply circuit to indicate that the circuit is energized. The pilot
lights shall be installed on the control panels.
3.4.4.2
Thermowells 3.4.5.2 Electrical equipment located on the unit or on any
Temperaturegauges that are in contact with flammable or separate panel shall be suitable for the hazard classification
toxic fluids or that are located in pressurized or flooded lines specified. Electricalstarting and supervisorycontrols may be
shall be furnished with N P S % AISI Standard Type300 stain- either AC or DC.
less steel separable solid-bar thermowells. 3.4.5.3 Power and control wiring within the confines of the
baseplate shall be resistant to oil, heat, moisture, and abra-
3.4.4.3PressureGauges sion. Stranded conductors shall be used within the confines of
the baseplate andin other areas subject to vibration. Measure-
Pressure gauges (not including built-in instrument air
ment andremote-control panel wiring maybe solid conduc-
gauges) shallbe furnished with AISI Standard Type 316 stain- tor. Thermoplastic insulation shall be used and shall be
less steel bourdon tubes and stainless steel movements, 115 covered by a Neoprene or equal sheath for abrasion protec-
millimeters (4 Kinch) dials [150 millimeters (6-inch) dialsfor tion. Wiring shallbe suitable for environmental temperatures.
the range over 55 bar (800 psi)] and NPS !4 male alloy steel
connections. Black printing on a white backgroundis standard 3.4.5.4 Unless otherwise specified, all leads on terminal
for gauges. When specified, oil-filled gauges shall be fur- strips, switches, and instruments shall be permanently
nished in locations subject to vibration. Gauge ranges shall tagged for identification. All terminal boards in junction
boxes and control panels shall have at least 20 percent spare
preferably be selected so that the normal operating pressureis
terminal points.
at the middle of the gauge's range. In no case, however, shall
the maximum readingon the dial be less than the applicable 3.4.5.5 To facilitate maintenance, liberal clearances shall
relief valve setting plus10 percent. Each pressure gauge shall be provided for all energized parts (such as terminal blocks
be provided with a device, such as a disk insert or blowout and relays) on equipment. The clearances required for 600-
back, designedto relieve excess case pressure. volt service shall also be provided for lower voltages. Enclo-
sures shall be provided for all energized parts to guard
3.4.4.4SolenoidValves against accidental contact.

Solenoid-operatedvalves shall have Class F insulation or 3.4.5.6 Electrical materials, including insulation, shall be
corrosion'resistantand nonhygroscopic insofar as is possible.
better and shall have a continuous service rating.
When specifiedfor tropical location, materials shallbe given
the treatments specified in 3.4.5.6.1 and 3.4.5.6.2.
3.4.4.5ReliefValves
3.4.5.6.1 Parts (such as coils and windings) shall be pro-
3.4.4.5.1 The vendor shall furnish the relief valves that tected from fungus attack.
are to be installed on equipment or in piping that the vendor
is supplying for protection of the pump. When specified, the 3.4.5.6.2 Unpainted surfaces shall be protected from cor-
vendor shall furnish external relief valves to be installed in rosion by plating or another suitable coating.
the purchaser's piping. 3.4.5.7 Control, instrumentation, and power wiring (in-
3.4.4.5.2 Relief valve bodies shall be of materials consis- cluding temperature element leads) within the limits of the
tent withthose specified for pressure-containing parts (2.2). baseplate shall be installedin rigid metallic conduits and
boxes, properly bracketed to minimize vibration and isolated
3.4.4.6BackpressureValves or shielded to prevent interference between voltage levels.
Conduits may terminate (and in thecase of temperature ele-
The vendor's proposal shall state whether a backpressure ment heads, shall terminate) with a flexible metallic conduit
valve is required. When a backpressure valve is required, long enough to permit access to the unit for maintenance
any internal type will be supplied by the vendor, and anyex- without removal of the conduit. If temperature element
ternal type will be supplied by the purchaser. Backpressure heads will be exposed to temperatures above 60°C ( 140°F),
valves shall be of materials consistent with those specified a 20 millimeter (%-inch)bronze hose with four-wall inter-
for pressure-containing parts (2.2). The valves shall operate locking construction and joints with packed-on (heatproof)
in a manner thatensures proper pump check valve operation. couplings shall be used.

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A P I STD*b7594 m 07322900537593253 m

POSITIVE PUMPS-CONTROLLED
DISPLACEMENT VOLUME 13
"~

3.4.5.8 For Division2 locations, flexible metallic conduits d. Elimination of air pockets by the use of valved vents or
shall have a liquid-tight thermosetting or thermoplastic outer nonaccumulating piping arrangements.
jacket and approved fittings. For Division 1 locations, an e. Complete drainage through low points without disassem-
NFPA-approved connector shall be provided. bly of piping.
3.4.5.9 AC and DC circuits shall be clearly labeled, con- 3.5.1.6 Piping shall preferably be fabricated by bending
nected to separate terminal blocks, and isolated from each and welding to minimize the use of flanges and fittings.
other. Welded flanges are permitted onlyat equipment connections,
at the edgeof any base, and for ease of maintenance. The use
3.5 Piping of flanges at other points is permitted only with the pur-
chaser's specified approval. Other than tees and reducers,
3.5.1 GENERAL
welded fittings are permitted only to facilitate pipe layout in
3.5.1.I Piping design and joint fabrication, examination, congested areas. Threaded connections shall be held to a
and inspection shall be in accordance with ASME B3 1.3. minimum. Pipe bushings shall not be used.
3.5.1.2 Auxiliary systems are defined as piping systems 3.5.1.7 Pipe threads shall be taper threads in accordance
that are in the following services: with ASMEB 1.20. l. Alternately, pipe threads inaccordance
a. Group I: with IS0 228 Part I are acceptable when required for com-
1. Gland and flushing fluid. pliance with local standards. Flanges shall be in accordance
2. Drains and vents. with IS0 7005 (ASME B 16.5). Slip-on flangesare permitted
b. Group II: only with the purchaser's specific approval. For socket-
1. Steam heating. welded construction, a 1.5 millimeter (%-inch) gap shall be
2. Instrument and control air. left between the pipe end and the bottom of the socket.
3. Drains and vents.
3.5.1.8 Connections, piping, valves, and fittings that are
c. Group III:
30 mm(1%inches), 65 mm (2%inches), 90 mm (3%inches),
1. Cooling water.
125 mm (5 inches), 175 mm (7 inches), or 225 mm (9
2. Drains and vents.
inches) in size shall not be used.
d. Group IV:
1. Lubricating oil. 3.5.1.9 Where space does not permit the use of N P S 54, %,
2. Drains and vents. or 1 pipe, seamless tubing may be furnished in accordance
with Table l.
Auxiliary systems shall comply with the requirements of
Table 1. 3.5.1.10 Unless otherwise approved by the purchaser, the
Note: Casing connections are discussed in 2.3. minimum size of any connection shall be NPS %.

3.5.1.3 Pipingsystemsshallincludepiping,isolating 3.5.1 .llPiping systems furnished by the vendor shall be


fabricated, installed in the shop, and properly supported.
valves, control valves, relief valves, pressure reducers, ori-
Bolted holesfor flanged connectionsshall straddle lines par-
fices, temperature gauges and thermowells, pressure gauges,
sight flow indicators, and all related vents anddrains. allel to the main horizontal or vertical centerline of the
equipment.
3.5.1.4 The vendor shall furnish all piping systems, in-
cluding mounted appurtenances, located within the confines 3.5.1 .2I Welding shall be performed by operators and
of the main unit'sbase area, any oil console base area, or any procedures qualified in accordance with Section IX of the
auxiliary base area. The piping shall terminate with flanged ASME Code.
connections at the edge of the base. The purchaser will für- 3.5.1 .I3Pipe plugs shall be in accordance with 2.3.5.
nish only interconnecting piping between equipment group-
ings and off-base facilities. 3.5.2 INSTRUMENTPIPING
3.5.1.5 The design of piping systemsshall achieve the fol- 3.5.2.1 The vendor shall supply all necessary piping,
lowing: valves, and fittings for instruments and instrument panels
a. Proper support and protection to prevent damage from vi- (3.4.3.2).
bration or from shipment, operation, and maintenance. 3.5.2.2 Connections on equipment and pipingfor pressure
b. Proper flexibility and normal accessibility for operation, instruments and test points shall conform to 3.5.1.4. Beyond
maintenance, and thorough cleaning. the initial NPS % isolating valve, N P S % piping, valves, and
c. Installation in a neat and orderly arrangement adapted to fittings may be used. Where convenient, a common connec-
the contour of the machine withoutobstruction of access tion may be used for remotely mounted instruments that
openings. measure the same pressure. Separate secondary NPS X iso-

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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API STD*b75 9 4 m 07322900537592 198 m

14 API STANDARD
675

m o
v,*

E
Y b
B
k
m c:

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Licensed by Information Handling Services
-

A P I STDrb75 9 4 m 0732270 0537573 024

POSITIVE
DISPLACEMENT
P U M P S ~ O N T R O L LVOLUME
ED 15

lating valves are required for each’instrumenton a common 3.6.2 The purchaser and the vendor shall mutually agree
connection. Where a pressure gauge is to be used for testing on the type and arrangement of pulsation suppression de-
pressure alarm or shutdown switches, common connections vices to be used for each pumping system. The following
are required for the pressure gauge and switches. factors should be considered:
a. Pump power.
3.5.3 PROCESS PIPING
b. Discharge and suction pressure.
3.5.3.1 The extent of and requirements for process piping c. Number of cylinders per pump.
to be supplied by the vendor will be specified. d. Number of pumps operating in parallel and any potential
3.5.3.2 The requirements of 3.5.1 shall apply to process pulsation interaction.
piping supplied by the vendor. e. Pump and bottle nozzle loading.
3.5.3.3 When specified, the vendor shall review all piping, f. Bottle support arrangement.
appurtenances (pulsation suppression devices, separators, and g. Critical nature of the installation.
expansion joints), and vessels immediately upstream and h. Residual pulsation level(s).
downstream of the equipment and supports.
The purchaser and Note: Additional informationon pulsation suppressiondevices may be ob-
the vendorshall mutually agreeon the scopeof this review. tained from API Standard618.

3.6 PulsationSuppressionDevices 3.7 SpecialTools


3.6.1 When specified, the vendor shall furnish pulsation 3.7.1 When special tools and fixtures are required to dis-
suppression devices to be located at the pump suction and/or assemble, assemble, or maintain the unit, they shall be in-
discharge connections.The following are three basic types of cluded in the quotation and furnished as part of the initial
pulsation suppression devices: supply ofthe machine. For multiple unitinstallations,the re-
quirements for quantities of special tools and fixtures shall
a. Volume bottleswithout internals.
be mutually agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor.
b. Pulsation dampeners using a gas-filled chamber isolated
These, or similar special tools, shall be used during shop as-
from the pumpedfluid by a piston or elastomeric diaphragm.
sembly and post-test disassembly of the equipment.
c. Pulsation filters and attenuators, including proprietary
commercial designs based on acoustical suppression tech- 3.7.2 When special tools are provided, they shall be pack-
niques. aged in separate, rugged metal boxes and marked “special
Note: These in-line devices are designed so that all pumped fluid flows tools for (tag/item number).” Each tool shall be stamped or
through them. tagged to indicate its intended use.

SECTION 4--INSPECTION, TESTING, AND PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT

4.1 General 4.1 5 1 When shop inspection and testinghave been spec-
4.1.1 The purchaser will specify the extent of participation ified by the purchaser, the purchaser and the vendor shall
in the inspection and testing and amount
the of advanced no- meet to coordinate manufacturing hold points and inspec-
tification required. tors’ visits.
4.1.2 When specified, the purchaser’s and/or vendor’s rep- 4.1 5.2 Witnessed means thata hold shall be applied to the
resentative shall indicate compliance in accordance with the production schedule and that the inspection or test shall be
inspector’s checklist (Appendix C) by initialing, dating, and carried out with the purchaser or representativein atten-
submitting the completed checklist to the purchaser before dance. For mechanical runningor performance tests, this re-
shipment. quires written notification of a successful preliminary test.
4.1.3 After advance notification of the vendor by the pur- 4.1 3.3 Observed means that the purchaser shall be noti-
chaser, the purchaser’s representative shall have entry to all fied of the timing of the inspection or test; however, the in-
vendor and subvendor plants where manufacturing, testing, spection or test shall be performed as scheduled, and if the
or inspection of the equipment is in progress. purchaser or representative is not present, the vendor shall
4.1.4 The vendor shall notify subvendors of the pur- proceed to the next step.
chaser’s inspection and testing requirements. Note: Thepurchaser should expect tobe in the factory longer than fora wit-
nessed test.
4.1.5 The vendor shall provide sufficient advance notice
to the purchaser before conducting any inspectionor test that 4.1.6 Equipment for the specified inspection and tests
the purchaser desires to be witnessed or observed. shall be provided by the vendor.

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A P I STD*b75 94 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0537594 Tb0 m

16 API STANDARD
675

4.1.7 The purchaser’s representative shall have access to ASME Code.The acceptance standard used
for castings shall
the vendor’s quality program for review. be Section VIII, Division1, Appendix 7, of the ASME Code.

4.2 Inspection 4.2.2.4 MagneticParticleInspection


4.2.1 GENERAL 4.2.2.4.1 Both wet and dry methods of magnetic particle
inspection shall be in accordance with ASTM E 709.
4.2.1 .I The vendor shall keep the following data available
for at least 20 years for examination or reproduction by the 4.2.2.4.2 The acceptance standard used for welded fabri-
purchaser or representative upon request: cations shall be Section VUI, Division l , Appendix 6 and
Section V, Article 25, of the ASME Code. The acceptability
o a. When specified, necessary certification of materials, such
of defects in castings shall be based on a comparison with
as mill test reports. the photographsin ASTME 125. Foreach type of defect, the
b. Test data to verify that the requirements of the specifica- degree of severity shall not exceed the limits specified in
tion have been met. Table 2.
c. Results of documented tests and inspections, including
fully identified recordsof all heat treatment and radiography.
Table 2-Maximum Severity
o d. When specified, final assembly maintenance and running
of Defects in Castings
clearances.
4.2.1.2 Pressure-containingparts shall not be painted until Maximum
TYPe Defect Level Severity
the specified inspection of the parts is completed.
4.2.1.3 In addition to the requirements of 2.13.4.1, the I discontinuities Linear 1
purchaser may specify the following: II Shrinkage 2
III Inclusions 2
a. Parts that shall be subjected to surface and subsurface ex- TV Chills and chaplets 1
amination. V Porosity 1
b. The type of examination required, such as magnetic parti- VI Welds 1

cle, liquid penetrant, radiographic, and ultrasonic.


4.2.2.5 LiquidPenetrantInspection
4.2.2 MATERIALINSPECTION 4.2.2.5.1 Liquid penetrant inspectionshall be in accordance
with Section V, Article 6, of the ASME Code.
4.2.2.1 General
4.2.2.5.2 The acceptance standard used for welded fabrica-
When radiographic, ultrasonic, magnetic particle, or liquid tions shall be Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix 8 and Sec-
penetrant inspection of welds or materials is requiredor tion V, Article 24, of the ASME Code. The acceptance
specified, the criteria in 4.2.2.2 through 4.2.2.5 shall apply standard used for castings shall be Section VIII, Division 1,
unless other criteria are specified by the purchaser. Cast iron Appendices 7 and 24, of the ASME Code.
may be inspected in accordance with 4.2.2.4 and 4.2.2.5.
Note: Regardless of the generalized limitsin 4.2.2, it shall be the vendor’s
Welds, cast steel, and wrought material may be inspected in responsibility to review the design limits
of the equipment in the event that
accordance with 4.2.2.2 through 4.2.2.5. more stringent requirements are necessary.Defects that exceed the limits
imposed in4.2.2 shall be removed to meet the quality standards cited, as de-
termined by the inspection methodspecified.
4.2.2.2 Radiography
4.2.2.2.1 Radiographyshall bein accordance with 4.2.3 MECHANICALINSPECTION
ASTM E 94 and ASTM E 142. 4.2.3.1 During assemblyof the equipment and before test-
4.2.2.2.2 The acceptance standard used for welded fabri- ing, each component (including cast-in passages of these
cations shall be Section VIII, Division l, UW-51 (100 per- components) and all piping and appurtenances shall be
cent) and W - 5 2 (spot), of the ASME Code.The acceptance cleaned chemically or by another appropriate method to re-
standard used for castings shall be Section VIII, Division 1, move foreign materials, corrosion products, and mill scale.
Appendix 7, of the ASME Code. 4.2.3.2 Any portion of the oil system furnished shall meet
the cleanliness requirements of API Standard 614,
4.2.2.3 UltrasonicInspection
0 4.2.3.3 When specified, the purchaser may inspect for
4.2.2.3.1 Ultrasonic inspection shall be in accordance cleanliness the equipment and all piping and appurtenances
with Section V, Articles 5 and 23, of the ASME Code. furnished by or through the vendor before heads are welded
4.2.2.3.2 The acceptance standard usedfor welded fabrica- to vessels, openings in vessels or exchangers are closed, or
tions shall be Section VIII, Division 1,Appendix 12, of the piping is finally assembled.

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POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS-CONTROLLED VOLUME 17


- .___ -

4.2.3.4 When specified, the hardness of parts, welds, and The hydrostatic test shall be considered satisfactory when
as being within the allow- neither leaks nor seepage through the pressure-containing
heat-affected zones shall be verified
able values by testing of the parts, welds, or zones. The components is observed for a minimum of 30 minutes. Large,
method, extent, documentation, and witnessingof the testing heavy castings may require a longer testing period to be
agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor. Seepage past
shall be mutually agreed upon by the purchaser and the vendor.
internal closures required for testing of segmented cases and
4.3 Tests operation of a test pumpto maintain pressureare acceptable.

4.3.1
GENERAL 4.3.3PERFORMANCETEST
4.3.1 .I Equipment shallbe tested in accordance with4.3.2 4.3.3.1 Unless otherwise specified, the test fluid shall be
and 4.3.3. water, and the suction port shall be flooded.
4.3.1.2 At least 6 weeks before the first scheduled test, or 4.3.3.2 Pumps shall meet rated flow and pressure and
at somemutually agreed upon time, the vendor shall submit shall demonstrate steady state accuracy at rated flow and dis-
to the purchaser, for review and comment, detailed proce- charge pressure between two consecutive capacity tests. The
dures for all running tests, including acceptance criteria for pressure variation shall not exceed plus or minus 1 percent of
all monitored parameters. the value at rated capacity. Individual test-run periods need
not exceed 5 minutes.
4.3.1.3 The vendor shall notify the purchaser not less than
5 working days before the date the equipment will be ready 4.3.3.3 Automatically controlled pumps shall be operated
for testing. If the testing is rescheduled, the vendor shall no- using the job controls.
tify the purchaser not less than 5 working days before the 0 4.3.3.4 When flow repeatability and linearity tests are
new test date. specified, they shall be run by using 100,75,50,25, and 10
percent of rated capacity points indescending and ascending
4.3.2HYDROSTATICTEST order. The flow variations shall not exceed plus or minus 3
4.3.2.1 Pressure-containing parts (including auxiliaries) percent of the value at rated capacity.
shall be tested hydrostatically with liquid at a minimum of 4.3.3.5 If replacement or modification of parts is required
1%times the maximum allowable working pressure but not for improvement of mechanical operation or remediating
less than 1.5 bar gauge (20 psig). The test liquid shall be at performance deficiencies, the initial test will not be accept-
a higher temperature than the nil-ductility transition temper- able, and the final shop tests shall be run after such replace-
ature of thematerial being tested. ments or corrections are made.
4.3.2.2 If the part tested is to operate at a temperature at
which the strength of a material is below the strength of the 4.4 PreparationforShipment
material at room temperature, the hydrostatic test pressure 4.4.1 Equipment shall be suitably prepared for the type of
shall be multiplied by a factor obtained by dividing the al- shipment specified. The preparation shall make the equip-
lowable working stress for the material at room temperature ment suitable for 6 months ofoutdoor storage from the time
by that at operating temperature. The stress values usedshall of shipment, with no disassembly required beforeoperation.
conform to those given in ASME B3 1.3 for piping or in Sec- If storage for a longer period iscontemplated, the purchaser
tion VIII, Division 1, of the ASME Code for vessels. The will consult with the vendor regarding the recommended
pressure thus obtained shall then be the minimum pressure at procedures to be followed.
which the hydrostatic test shall be performed. The data sheet 4.4.2 The vendor shall provide the purchaser with the in-
shall list actual hydrostatic test pressures. structions necessary to preserve the integrity of the storage
4.3.2.3 Where applicable, testsshall be in accordance with preparation after the equipmentarrives at the job site and be-
the ASME Code. In the event that a discrepancy exists be- fore start-up.
tween the code test pressure and the test pressure in this stan- 4.4.3 The equipment shall be prepared for shipment after
dard, the higher pressure shall govern. all testing and inspection have been completed and the
4.3.2.4 Thechloridecontent of liquids used totest equipment has been released by the purchaser. The prepa-
austenitic stainless steel materials shall not exceed 50 parts ration shall include that specified in 4.4.3.1 through 4.4.3.7.
per million. To prevent deposition of chlorides as a result of 4.4.3.1 Exterior surfaces, except for machined surfaces,
evaporative drying, all residual liquid shall be removed from shall be given at least one coat of the manufacturer’s stan-
tested parts at the conclusion of the test. dard nonlead and nonchromate paint.
4.3.2.5 Tests shall be maintained for a sufficient period of 4.4.3.2 Exterior machined surfaces, exceptfor corrosion-re-
time to permit complete examinationof parts under pressure. sistant material, shall
be coated witha suitable rust preventive.

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18 API STANDARD
675

4.4.3.3 Flanged openingsshall be provided with metalfied with securelyaffixedcorrosion-resistantmetaltags


closures at least 5 millimeter (%-inch) thick, with elas- indicating the item and serial number of the equipment for
tomeric gaskets and at least four full-diameter bolts. For which it is intended. In addition, crated equipment shall be
studded openings, all nuts needed for the intended service shipped with duplicate packing lists, one inside and one on
shall be used to secure closures. the outside of the shipping
” - container.
4.4.3.4 Threaded openings shall be provided with steel
4.4.3.7 Exposedshaftsandshaftcouplingsshallbe
caps or round-head steel plugs. In no case shall nonmetallic
(such as plastic) caps or plugs be used. wrapped withwaterproof, moldable waxed cloth or volatile-
corrosion inhibitor paper. The seams shall be sealed withoil-
Note: These are shipping plugs. Permanent plugs are covered in 2.3.5.
Droof adhesive taue.
4.4.3.5 Lifting points and lifting lugs shall be clearly identified
on the equipment or the equipment package. Recommended lift- 4.4.4 One copy of the manufacturer’s standard installation
ing arrangement shall be identified on boxed equipment. instructions shall be packed and shipped with the equipment.
4.4.3.6 The equipment shall be identified with item and 4.4.5 Connections on auxiliary piping removed for ship-
serial numbers. Material shipped separately shall be identi- ment shall be match marked for ease of reassembly.

SECTION 5-VENDOR’S DATA

5.1 General provide details to evaluate any alternative designs proposed.


All correspondence shall be clearly identified per 5.1.2.
5.1.1 The information to be furnished by the vendor is
specified in 5.2and 5.3. The vendor shall complete and for-
5.2.2
DRAWINGS
ward the Vendor Drawing and Data Requirements (VDDR)
form (see Appendix D) to the address(es) noted on the in- 5.2.2.1 The drawings described on the VDDR form shall
quiry or order, This form shall detail the schedule for trans- be included. As a minimum, the following data shall be fur-
mission of drawings, curves, and data as agreed to at the time nished:
of the proposal or order as well as the number and type of a. A general arrangement or outline drawing for each major
copies required by the purchaser. skid or system showing overall dimensions, maintenance
5.1.2 The data shall be identified on the transmittal (cover) clearance dimensions, overall weights, erection weights, and
letters and inthe title blocks or title pages withthe following maximum maintenance weights (indicate piece). Direction
information: of rotation and size and location of major purchaser connec-
a. The purchaser/user’s corporate name. tions shall also be indicated.
b. The job/project number. b. Cross-sectional drawing(s) showing detailsof the pro-
c. The equipment item number and service name. posed equipment.
d. The inquiry or purchase order number. c. Schematicsof all auxiliary systems, including lube, control,
e. Any other identification specified in the inquiry or pur- and electrical. Billsof Material (B/Ms) shallbe included.
chase order. d. Sketches indicating methods of lifting the assembled ma-
f. The vendor’s identifying proposal number, shop order chine(s) and major components. (This can be part of Item a).
number, serial number, or other reference required to com- 5.2.2.2 If typical drawings, schematics, and B/Ms are used,
pletely identify return correspondence. they shall be marked up to show correct weight and dimension
data and to reflect the actual equipment andscope proposed.
5.2 Proposals
5.2.3TECHNICALDATA
5.2.1GENERAL
The data described below shall be included:
The vendor shall forward the original and the specified
number of copies of the proposal to the addressee stated on a. The purchaser’s data sheets with complete vendor infor-
the inquiry documents. This proposal shall contain, as a min- mation entered thereon andliterature to fully describe details
imum, the data specified in 5.2.2 through 5.2.4 anda specific of the offering.
statement thatthe system and all its components are in strict b. The purchaser’s noise data sheet or the form from the ap-
accordance with this standard. If the system andcomponents pendix of API Standard 615.
are not in strict accordance, the vendor shall includea specific c. The VDDR form (see Appendix D) with a schedule for
list that details and explains each deviation. The vendor shall transmission of all data specified as part of the contract.

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A P I STD*b75 94 0732290
0537597
77T W

PUMPS-CONTROLLED
DISPLACEMENT
VOLUMEPOSITIVE 19

d. A schedule for shipment of the equipment inthe weeks af- titles, drawing numbers, and a schedule for transmission of
ter receipt of the order. all data the vendor will furnish. (See Appendix D.)
e. A list of major wearing components showing interchange-
ability with other purchase units. 5.3.2
DRAWINGS
f. A list of spare parts recommended for start-up and normal The drawing(s) furnished shall contain sufficient informa-
maintenance purposes. tion that, when combined with the manuals covered in 5.3.6,
g. A list of special tools furnished for maintenance. The ven- will enable the purchaser to properly install, operate, and
dor shall identify any metric items included in the offering. maintain the ordered equipment.
h. A statement of any special weather protection and winter- Drawings shall be clearly legible, identified as in 5.3.1.1,
ization required for start-up, operation, and periods of idle- and in accordance with ASME Y14.2M. As a minimum,
ness under the various site conditions specified on the data each drawing shall include details for that drawing listed in
sheets. The list should show the protection required to be Appendix D.
furnished by the purchaser, as well as that included in the
5.3.3TECHNICALDATA
vendor's scope of supply.
i. A complete tabulation of utility requirements, such as Data shall be submitted per Appendix D and identified per
electricity, air, andlube products. Approximate data shall be 5.3. l . 1. Any drawing comments or specification revisions
defined and clearly identified as such. necessitating a change in the data shall be noted by the ven-
j. A description of the tests and inspection procedures for dor and willresult in reissue of the completed, correcteddata
materials as required by 2.13.1.3. sheets by the purchaser as part of the order specifications.
k. A description of special requirements,as outlined in para-
5.3.4
PROGRESS REPORTS
graphs 2.1.19, 2.12.2,2.13.1.2,2.13.1.9, 2.13.2.5,2.13.4.2,
3.4.4.5.1,3.4.4.6,4.4.2, and any others in purchaser's inquiry. The vendor shall submit progress reports to the purchaser
at
1. A list of similar machines installed and operating under the interval specifiedon the VDDR form. (See Appendix D.)
analogous conditions to those proposed. 5.3.5PARTSLISTANDRECOMMENDEDSPARES
m. Any start-up, shutdown, or operating restrictions re-
quired to protect the integrity of the equipment. 5.3.5.1 The vendor shall submit complete parts lists for all
equipment and accessories supplied. The lists shall include
5.2.4
CURVES manufacturer's unique part numbers, materials of construc-
tion, and delivery times. Materials shall be identified as
The vendor shall provide complete performance curves to
specified in 2.9.1.2. Each part shall be completely identified
encompass the map of operations, with any limitations indi- and shown on cross-sectional or assembly-type drawings so
cated thereon. that the purchaser may determine the interchangeability of
the part with other equipment.Parts that have been modified
5.2.5
OPTIONS
from standard dimensions and/or finished to satisfy specific
When specified, the vendor shall furnish procedures for performance requirements shall be uniquely identified by
any special tests. part number for interchangeablilty and future duplication
purposes. Standard purchased items shall be identified by
5.3 ContractData the original manufacturer's name and part number.
5.3.1
GENERAL 5.3.5.2 The vendor shall indicate on the above parts lists
which parts are recommended spares for start-up and which
5.3.1.1 The contract informationto be furnished by the ven- parts are recommended for normal maintenance (see Item f
dor is specified in AppendixD. Each drawing,S M , or data of 5.2.3).The vendor shall forward the lists to the purchaser
sheet shall havea title block in the lower right-hand comer withpromptly after receipt of the reviewed drawings and intime
the date of certification, a reference to all identification data to permit order and deliveryof the parts before field start-up.
specified in 5.1.2, the revision number and date, and the title. The transmittal letter shall be identified with the data speci-
5.3.1.2 The purchaser will promptly review the vendor's fied in 5.1.2.
data when received; however, this review shall not constitute
permission to deviate from any requirements in theorder un- 5.3.6INSTALLATION,OPERATION,MAINTE-
less specifically agreed upon in writing. After the data have NANCE, AND TECHNICAL DATA MANUALS
been reviewed, the vendor shall furnish certified copies in
the quantity specified. 5.3.6.1 General
5.3.1.3 A complete list of all vendor data shall be included The vendor shall provide sufficient written instructions
with the first issue of major drawings. This list will contain and a list of all drawings to enable the purchaser to correctly

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
A P I STD*b75 94 m 0732290 0537598 bob m

20 API STANDARD
675

install, operate, and maintain the complete equipment or- less otherwise included, sketches showing the location of
dered. This information shall be compiled in a manual or center of gravity and rigging provisions
to permit removal of
manuals witha cover sheet containing all reference-identify- any subassemblies that weigh more than 135 kilograms (300
ing data required in 5.1.2, an index sheet containing section pounds) shall be furnished.
titles, and a complete list of referenced and enclosed draw-
ings by title and drawing number. The manual shall be pre- 5.3.6.3OperatingandMaintenanceManual
pared for the specified installation and shall not be typical. The manual containing operating and maintenance data
shall be forwarded no later than 2 weeks after the successful
5.3.6.2InstallationManual completion of all specified tests. The manual shall include a
Any special information required for proper installation section to cover special instructions for operations at speci-
design that is noton the drawings shall be compiledin a fied extreme environmental conditions, suchas tempera-
manual separate from operating and maintenance instruc- tures. In addition, as a minimum, it shall include all data
tions. This manual shall be forwarded ata time mutually shown in Appendix D.
agreed upon in the order but not later than the final issue of
prints. The manual shall contain information such as special 5.3.7TECHNICALDATAMANUAL
alignment or grouting procedures, utility specifications (in- When specified, the vendor shall provide a technical data
cluding quantity), and all installation design data, including manual to the purchaser within 30 days of completion of
any pertinent drawingsldataspecified in 5.3.2 and 5.3.3. Un- shop testing. See Appendix D for detail requirements.

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
APPENDIX A-CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP DATA SHEETS

21

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
A P I STD*b75 9 4 0732290 0537600 094

PAGE OF
CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP JOB NO. ITEM NO.
DATA SHEET PURCH.
DATEORDER NO.
CUSTOMARY UNITS BY INQUIRY NO.

21 FOR UNIT
3 SITE REQUIRED NO. OF PUMPS
4 SERVICE AND MODEL SIZE TYPE
5 MANUFACTURER SERIAL
NO.
6 NOTE: 0 INDICATES INFORMATION TO BE COMPLETEDBYPURCHASER 0 BY MANUFACTURER
7 GENERAL
8 NO. MOTOR DRIVEN TYPE
DRIVER
OTHER
9 NO'S
PUMP ITEM PUMP ITEM NO'S
10 MOTOR ITEM NOS DRIVER
GEAR
ITEM NO'S ITEM NOS
11
PROVIDED
DRIVER
MOTOR
BYPROVIDED BY BY
PROVIDED
GEAR
EAR
D 12 MOTOR
BYMOUNTED
DRIVER BYMOUNTED
13 MOTOR
DATA SHEET NO. DRIVER DATA
GEARNO.
SHEET SHEET
DATA NO.
14 0 OPERATING CONDITIONS 0 LIQUID
15 0 CAPACITY Q PT (GPWGPM): 0 TYPE OR NAME OF LIQUID
16 MAXIMUM MINIMUM RATED 0 PUMPING TEMPERATURE ("F):
17 0 DISCHARGE PRESSURE (PSIG):
MIN MAX NORMAL
18 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 SPECIFIC GRAVITY- MAXIMUM ~ MINIMUM
19 0 SUCTION PRESSURE (PSIG): "F) 0CpSPECIFIC
(BTU/lb HEAT
20 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 VISCOSITY
(Cp) MAXIMUM
MINIMUM
21 0 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE (PSI): 0 CORROSIVWEROSIVE AGENTS
22 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION (PPM)
23 0 NPSH AVAILABLE (FTJ 0 H2S CONCENTRATION (PPM)
24 WITHOUT
ACCELERATION
ACTUAL
HEAD - LIQUID 0 TOXIC 0 FLAMMABLE 0 OTHER
25 O TURNDOWN RATIO
26 0 PERFORMANCE 0 SITE AND UTILITY DATA
27 0 NUMBER OF FEEDS _ _ RATED CAPACITY (GPWGPM) - LOCATION 0 INDOOR 0 OUTDOOR
28 NPSH REQUIRED (FT.) 0 HEATED 0 UNHEATED 0 UNDER
ROOF
29 0
RELIEF
RATED
SETTING
BHP
AT 0 ELECTRICALAREACLASS ~ GROUP - DIV -
30 0 PLUNGER
SPEED (strokedmin) DESIGN MAX 0 WINTERIZATION REQD 0 TROPlCALlZATlON REQD
31 0 DIAMETER (IN)- LENGTH OF STROKE (IN)- SITE DATA
32 PUMP HEAD: 0 RANGE OF AMBIENTTEMPS:MINIMAX -"F
33 MAXIMUM PRESSURE (PSIG) UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
34 0 HYDRO TEST PRESSURE (PSIG) 0 DUST 0 FUMES O SALTATMOSPHERE
35 0 MAX DlSCH PRESS. W/ JOB DRIVER (PSIG) O OTHER
36 0 MAX BHP BASIS GEAR STRENGTH 0 UTILITY CONDITIONS
37 0 CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICITY
DRIVERS
HEATING CONTROL SHUTDOWN
VOLTAGE
HERTZ
40 SUCTION PHASE
41 DISCHARGE COOLING WATER INLET RETURN
DESIGN MAX A
42 FLUSH TEMP "F MAX _ _
43 PRESS. (PSIG ) MIN -
44 END
LIQUID 0 JACKET REQ'D SOURCE
45 TYPE 0 DIAPHRAGM 0 PLUNGER INSTRUMENT AIR MAX MIN
46 0
REQ.
DIAPHRAGM
NO (IN) DIA PRESSURE (PSIG)
47 0 VALVEWFEED SUCTION DISCHARGE APPLICABLE SPECIFICATIONS:
48 TYPE 0 API 675 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - CONTROLLED VOLUME
49 NUMBER 0 GOVERNING SPECIFICATION (IF DIFFERENT)

PRINTED IN U.S.A DS-6751 5/93

23

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~-
~ ~~

"~

API STD*b7594 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 05376011T20 m

OF PAGE
CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP JOB NO. ITEM NO.
DATA SHEET
DATE REVISION
CUSTOMARY UNITS
1 0 MATERIALS CONTROLS
2LIQUIDEND YPE: SIQNAL:
3CONTOURPLATE 9 MANUAL 0 REMOTE 0 PNEUMATIC
4HYDRAULIC DIAPHRAGM 0 AUTOMATIC 0 LOCAL 0 ELECTRONIC
5 PROCESS DIAPHRAGM iTROKE CONTROL:
6 PLUNGER 'NEUMATIC (PSIG):
7LANTERN RING MAXIMUM AlNlMUM
8PACKINGGLAND iLECTRONIC(mA):
PACKING
9 MAXIMUM AlNlMUM
10
VALVE OTHER PURCHASE REQUIREMENTS
11 VALVE SEAT 4AMEPLATE
UNITS O CUSTOMARY o SI
12 VALVE GUIDE 0 VENDOR FURNISHED PROCESS PIPING
13 VALVE BODY
14 VALVE GASKET 0 VENDOR REVIEW PIPING DRAWINGS
15 FRAME 0 VENDOR FURNISHED PULSATION SUPPRESSION DEVICES
16 SPECIAL MATERIAL TESTS(Z.13.1.3) 0 VENDOR FURNISHED RELIEF VALVE
17 0 INTERNAL 0 EXTERNAL
18 0 LOW AMBIENT TEMPERATURE MATERIALS TESTS (2.13.5) gI] RELIEF VALVE SElTlNG (PSIG)
19 0 VENDOR FURNISHED BACK-PRESSURE VALVE
20 QA INSPECTION
AND TEST 0 DOUBLE CHECKVALVES REQUIRED
21 0 COMPLIANCEWITH INSPECTORS CHECKLIST O OIL-FILLED PRESSURE GAUGES REQUIRED
22 0 CERTIFICATION OF MATERIALS 0 VENDOR FURNISHED CONTROL PANEL
23 0 FINAL ASSEMBLYCLEARANCES 0 BASEPLATE PREPARED FOR EPOXY GROUT
24 0 SURFACEANDSUBSURFACEEXAMINATIONS 0 PROVIDE TECHNICAL DATA MANUAL
25 0 RADIOGRAPHY O
26 0 ULTRASONIC O
27 0 MAGNETIC
PARTICLE PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT
28 0 LIQUID
PENETRANT 0 DOMESTIC 0 EXPORT 0 EXPORTBOXING
029 CLEANLINESSPRIORTO FINAL ASSEMBLY 0 OUTDOOR STORAGE MORE THAN 6 MONTHS
30 0 HARDNESS OF PARTS, WELDS 8 HEAT AFFECTED ZONES
31 0 FURNISH PROCEDURES FOROPTIONALTESTS
32 TESTS REQ'D WIT 00s ~~

DROSTATIC 33 O O O 0 MOTOR:
34 STEADY STATE ACCURACY 0 O O 0 MANUFACTURER
35 REPEATABILITY O O O 0 TYPE
36 LINEARITY O O O 0 FRAMENO.
37 O O O 0 CONSTANT SPEED
38 O O O 0 VARlABLE SPEED
39 LUBRICATION FLUID 0 HP RPM
40 0 CRANKCASE 0 INTERMEDIATE 0 VOLTS . PHASE
41 0 HYDRAULIC FLUID 0 HERTZ FACTOR
SERVICE -
42 ACCESSORIES 0 ENCLOSURE
43 0 SPEEDREDUCERMANUFACTURER 0 OTHER (SEE SEPARATE DATA SHEETS)
44 0 INTEGRAL 0 SEPARATE 0 GASDRIVEN
45 MODEL 0 STEAM TURBINE
RATIO 46 0 OTHER
47 0 BASEPLATEUNDER
48 0 COUPLINGMANUFACTURER
49 0 TYPE

24

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
PAGE ~ OF
CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP JOB NO. ITEM NO.
DATA SHEET PURCH.
DATEORDER NO.
SI UNITS BY INQUIRY NO.
DATE REVISION
I APPLICABLETO: 0 PROPOSAL 0 PURCHASE 0 AS BUILT
2 FOR UNIT
SITE NO. OF PUMPS REQUIRED 3
SERVICE MODEL SIZE AND TYPE 4
5 MANUFACTURER SERIAL
NO.
0 INDICATES INFORMATION TO BECOMPLETEDBYPURCHASER
6 NOTE: 0 BYMANUFACTURER
7 GENERAL
8 NO.
TYPE
MOTOR
DRIVER
OTHER
DRIVEN
9 NO'S
PUMP ITEM PUMP ITEM NOS
10 MOTORDRIVER
ITEM NO'S ITEM NO'S ITEM GEAR NOS
DED
GEAR BY 11
PROVIDED
DRIVER
MOTOR
BYPROVIDED
12 MOTOR MOUNTED BY MOUNTED
GEAR BYMOUNTED
DRIVER BY
13 MOTOR
DATA SHEET NO. SHEET
DRIVER
DATA GEAR DATA SHEET NO.
14 0 OPERATING CONDITIONS 0 LIQUID
15 0 CAPACITY Q PT (m3h): 0 TYPE OR NAME OF LIQUID
16 MAXIMUM MINIMUM RATED 0 PUMPING TEMPERATURE ("C):
17 0 DISCHARGE PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG): NORMAL MAX MIN
18 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 SPECIFIC GRAVITY- MAXIMUM ~ MINIMUM
19 0 SUCTION PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG): 0 SPECIFIC HEAT Cp (kJkg"C)
20 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 VlSCOSlTY (Cp) MÏNIMUM MAXIMUM
21 0 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG): 0 CORROSIVElEROSIVE AGENTS
22 MAXIMUM MINIMUM 0 CHLORIDE CONCENTRATION (PPM)
23 0 NPSH AVAILABLE (m) 0 H2S CONCENTRATION (PPM)
24 WITHOUT
ACCELERATION
ACTUAL
HEAD - LIQUID 0 TOXIC 0 FLAMMABLE 0 OTHER
25 0 TURNDOWN RATIO
26 0 PERFORMANCE 0 SITE AND UTILITY DATA
27 0 NUMBER OF FEEDS -RATEDCAPACITY (rn3h) - LOCATION 0 INDOOR 0 OUTDOOR
28 O NPSH REQUIRED (m) 0 HEATED 0 UNHEATED 0 UNDER
ROOF
29 0 kW RATED AT RELIEF SETTING 0 ELECTRICALAREA CLASS ~ GROUP - DIV ~

30 0 PLUNGER
SPEED (strokeshin) DESIGN
MAX 0 WINTERIZATION
REQD 0 TROPlCALlZATlON REQD
31 0 DIAMETER (mm) -LENGTH OF STROKE (mm) SITE DATA
32 PUMP HEAD: 0 RANGE
OFAMBIENT
TEMPS:
MINIMAX "T
33 MAXIMUM PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG) UNUSUAL CONDITIONS
34 0 HYDRO TEST PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG) 0 DUST 0 FUMES 0 SALTATMOSPHERE
35 0 MAX DlSCH PRESS. W/JOB DRIVER (kPa)(BARG) 0 OTHER
36 0 MAX kW BASISGEAR STRENGTH 0 UTILITY CONDITIONS
37 0 CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICITY
DRIVERS
HEATING CONTROL SHUTDOWN

CONNECTIONS
1 SIZE 1 AyISNIG 1 FACING I POSITION
VOLTAGE
HERTZ
40

tt
SUCTION PHASE
41 DISCHARGE COOLING WATER INLET RETURN
DESIGN MAX A
42 FLUSH TEMP "C MAX-
PRESS. (PSIG ) MIN -
44 LIQUID
43 END 0 JACKET REQ'D SOURCE
45 TYPE 0 DIAPHRAGM 0 PLUNGER INSTRUMENT AIR MAX MIN
46 0 DIAPHRAGM DIA (mm)- NO REQ. PRESSURE (kPa)(BARG)
47 0 VALVEWFEED SUCTION DISCHARGE APPLICABLE SPECIFICATIONS:
48 TYPE O API 675 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - CONTROLLED VOLUME
49 NUMBER 0 GOVERNING SPECIFICATION (IF DIFFERENT)
54 REMARKS
51
PRINTED IN U.S.A. DS6751SI 5/93

O:WS\111\206VX)580.PM4

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~

...

A P I STD*b75 9 4 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0537603 B T 3 " 1 .

OF PAGE
CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP JOB NO. ITEM NO.
DATA SHEET
DATE REVISION
SI UNITS BY

1 MATERIALS CONTROLS
2LIQUIDEND TYPE: SIGNA
3 CONTOUR PLATE 0 MANUAL 0 REMOTE 0 PNEUMATIC
4 HYDRAULIC DIAPHRAGM 0 AUTOMATIC 0 LOCAL 0 ELECTRONIC
5 PROCESS DIAPHRAGM STROKE CONTROL:
6 PLUNGER PNEUMATIC (kPa)(BARG):
7 LANTERN RING MAXIMUM MINIMUM
8 PACKING GLAND ELECTRONIC(mA):
9 PACKING MAXIMUM MINIMUM
10 VALVE OTHER PURCHASE REQUIREMENT'S
11 VALVE SEAT NAMEPLATE
UNITS 0 CUSTOMARY o SI
12 VALVE GUIDE 0 VENDOR FURNISHED PROCESS PIPING
13 VALVE BODY
14 VALVE GASKET 0 VENDOR REVIEW PIPING DRAWINGS
15 FRAME 0 VENDOR FURNISHED PULSATION SUPPRESSION DEVICES
16 SPECIAL MATERIAL TESTS(2.1l.t.3) 0 VENDOR FURNISHED RELIEF VALVE
0 INTERNAL 0 EXTERNAL
18
171 0 LOW AMBIENT TEMPERATURE MATERIALS TESTS (2.141.6) RELIEF VALVE SETTING (kPa)(BARG)
0 VENDOR FURNISHED BACK-PRESSURE VALVE
201 TEST
QA INSPECTION
AND 0 DOUBLE CHECK VALVES REQUIRED
21 0 COMPLIANCEWITHINSPECTORSCHECKLIST O OIL-FILLED PRESSURE GAUGES REQUIRED
22 0 CERTIFICATION OF MATERIALS 0 VENDOR FURNISHED CONTROL PANEL
23 0 FINALASSEMBLYCLEARANCES 0 BASEPLATE PREPARED FOR EPOXY GROUT
24 0 SURFACEANDSUBSURFACEEXAMINATIONS 0 PROVIDE TECHNICAL DATA MANUAL
25 0 RADIOGRAPHY O
26 0 ULTRASONIC O
27 0 MAGNETIC
PARTICLE PREPARATIONFOR SHIPMENT
28 0 LIQUID
PENETRANT 0 DOMESTIC 0 EXPORT 0 EXPORTBOXING
29 0 CLEANLINESS PRIOR TO FINAL ASSEMBLY 0 OUTDOOR STORAGE MORE THAN 6 MONTHS
30 0 HARDNESS OF PARTS, WELDS & HEAT AFFECTED ZONES WEIGHTS (LBS)
31 0 FURNISHPROCEDURESFOROPTIONAL TESTS PUMP 0 BASE- 0 GEAR- 0 DRIVER-
32 TESTS REQ'D
OBS WIT DRIVERS
33 HYDROSTATIC O O O 0 MOTOR:
34
ACCURACY
STATE
STEADY 0 O O 0 MANUFACTURER
35 REPEATABILITY O O O TYPE
36 LINEARITY O O O 0 FRAME NO.
37 O O O 0 CONSTANT SPEED
38 O O O VARIABLE SPEED
39 FLUID LUBRICATION 0 kW RPM
40 0 CRANKCASE 0 INTERMEDIATE
PHASE 0 VOLTS
41 0 HYDRAULIC FLUID FACTOR 0 HERTZ
SERVICE ~

0 ENCLOSURE
43 0 SPEEDREDUCERMANUFACTURER 0 OTHER (SEE SEPARATE DATA SHEETS)
44 0 INTEGRAL 0 SEPARATE 0 GAS DRIVEN
MODEL 45 0 STEAM TURBINE
46 RATIO 0 OTHER
47 0 BASEPLATEUNDER
48 0 COUPLINGMANUFACTURER
491 O TYPE

PRINTED IN U.S.A. DS-675-251

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
A P I STD*b75 9 4 W 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 5 3 7 6 0 4 73T m

APPENDIX B-MISCELLANEOUS MATERIALS

Material Typical Description


FFKM elastomer ASTM D 1418 FFKM elastomer such as Du Pont Kalrez
Fluoroelastomer Du Pont Viton or equal
Graphite foil Union Carbide Grafoil or similar material
Hard facing Stellite (Cabot Corp.), Colomonoy (Wahl-Colomonoy Corp.), Type 3 tungsten
carbide, etc.;
overlay-weld depositof 0.030-inch minimum finished thickness,
or if available, asolid cast
part of equal material may be substituted
Type 1 tungsten carbide-as required for service conditions, with cobalt binder (solidpart,
not overlay)
Type 2 tungsten carbide-as required for service conditions, with nickelbinder (solid part,
not overlay)
Type 3 tungstencarbide-sprayed overlay as required for service conditions; minimum fin-
ished thickness of 0.03 inch
Monel (nickel-copper alloy) ASTM A 494,Grade M-30C (weldablecast material); ASTM B 164, Class A (wrought
ma-
terial)
Ni-resist ASTM A436, Type 1,2, or 3 (austeniticcast iron); ASTM A439, Type D2 (austenitic duc-
tile iron)
Nitrile B.F. Goodrich HYCAR, Buna-N, or equal
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Du Pont Teflon or similar material
Glass-filled E'TFE 25-percent glass-filled PTFE

Note: Table B-1 is to be used as a guide for material specifications.

Table B-1-Material Specifications for Metering Pump Parts


Material Pressure-ContainingCastings Bar Stock Bolts and Studs

Cast iron ASTM A 48 or 278 - -

Ductile iron ASTM A 395 ASTM A 108 or A 575 -


Bronze ASTM B 584, UNS C87200 ASTM B 139 ASTM B 124, Alloy 655
(silicon bronze) or C92200
(tin bronze); ASTM B 148,
UNS C95200 (aluminum bronze)
or C95800 (nickel aluminum bronze)
Carbon steel ASTM A 216, GR WCAor WCB ASTM A 108 or A 575 -
AIS14140 ASTM A 322, GR 4140 ASTM A 193, GR B7
NI resist ASTM A 436, Type 1,2, or 3 -

12 percent chrome ASTM A 296, GR CA-6NM A S T M A 276, Type 410 or


or CA- 15 ASTM A 582, Type 416 ASTM A 193, GR B6
5 percent chrome ASTM A 217, GR C5 - -

18-8stainless steel ASTM A 296, GR CF-20 ASTM A 276, Type 304 ASTM A 193, GR B8
316 stainless steel ASTM A 296, GR CF-8M ASTM A 276, Type 316 ASTM A 193, GR B8M
Alloy 20 ASTM B 473, UNS 8020 (wrought)
ASTM A 744, Grade CN7M (cast)

27

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


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A P I STD*b75 9 4 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0537605 676 m

APPENDIX C-INSPECTOR’S CHECKLIST

Date , Insp’d
Insp’d
Item I By Status

1Capacityadjustment(2.1.14)(2.12.4) !

2 Materialcertification
(4.2.1.1.a)
(2.13.1.2) I
3 Nondestructive examination (components)
(2.13.1.3) I
4 Welding operators and procedures qualified (2.13.4.1,2.13.4.3)

5 Rotationarrow [2.14.2.(*)]

6 Equipment nameplate data (2.14.3) I


I
______~

7 Overall
dimensions
connection
and locations (*)

8 Nozzle flange dimensions (*) I


9 Anchor bolt layout and size (*) i
l jI
10 Mounting plate precoat for epoxy grout (3.3.4) j !
el Control 11 I l

(3.4.5.7)
12 Electrical wiring I I
l I
! !
13 Piping inspection(3.5.1.1)
!
I
I
14 Pulsation suppression(3.6) i !

(3.7) 15 Special tools I i


16 Maintenance and clearance data (4.2.1.1.d) I I
17 Components inspected for cleanliness (list each) (4.2.3.3) I I I
18Hardness testing (4.2.3.4)

19Hydrostatic tests (4.3.2)

20 Performance tests (4.3.3)


Ì
21 Preparation for shipment (4.4.1) I

22 Painting (4.4.3.1) !
23 Shipping documents and tags (4.4.3.6)

24 Match marked removed piping (4.4.5)

(*) Check against certified dimensional outline drawing.

29

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
__- -
~= _" ~ ~ " __
API STD*b75 9 4 m 07322900537606 502 H

APPENDIX D-CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP VENDOR DRAWING


AND DATA REQUIREMENTS

31

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
~~

A P I S T D * b 7 5 74 m 0732270 O537607 447 m

CONTROLLED VOLUME PUMP JOB NO. ITEM NO.


PURCHASE ORDER NO. DATE
VENDOR DRAWING AND
DATE REQUISITIONNO.
DATA REQUIREMENTS INQUIRY NO. DATE
PAGE ’ OF ’ BY
FOR REVISION
SITE UNIT
SERVICE NO. REQUIRED

Proposal a Biddershallfurnish - copiesofdataforallitemsindicatedbyan X.

Review
Vendor shallfurnish - copiesand - transparenciesofdrawingsanddataindicated.
Final c Vendor shallfurnish ___ copiesand - transparenciesofdrawingsanddataindicated.
Vendor shall furnish - operating and maintenance manuals.
I
Final-Received from vendor
DISTRIBUTION Final-Due from vendor c
Review-Returned to ve
Review-Received from
Review-Due from vendor c

a Proposal drawingsand data do not have to be certified oras built. Typical datashall be clearly identified as such.
Purchaser will indicatein this column the time frame for submission of materials using the nomenclature given at the end of this form.
c Bidder shall complete these two columns to reflect his actual distribution schedule and include this form with his proposal.

Notes:
l . Send all drawings and datato

2. All drawings and data must show project, appropriation. purchase order, and item numbers in addition to lhe plant location and
unit. In additionto lhe copiesspecifiedabove, one set of lhe drawingsfinstructionsnecessaryforfieldinstallationmust be
forwarded with the shipment.
Nomenclature:
__ S-number of weeks prior to shipment.
- F-number of weeks afler firmorder.
- D-number of weeks after receipt of approved drawings.

Vendor
Reference Vendor Date
Signature
(Signature acknowledges receipt ofal instructions)

33

COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute


Licensed by Information Handling Services
" -~ -.

API STD*b75 74 m 0732290 0537b08 3 8 5 m*

34 API STANDARD
675
~- . " .

DESCRIPTION

1, Certified dimensional outline drawing and list of connections, including the following:
a. Size, rating, and location of all customer connections.
b. Approximate overall handling weights.
c. Overalldimensions.
d. Shaft centerline height.
e. Dimensions of baseplates (if furnished), complete with diameter, number, and locationsof bolt holes and
thickness of the metal through which the bolts must pass; centersof gravity; and details for foundation de-
sign.

2. Cross-sectional drawing andbill of materials, including journal-bearing clearances and tolerances.

3. Auxiliary system schematics and bills of materials, including the following:


a. Control, alarm, and trip settings (pressures and recommended temperatures).
b. Utility requirements, including electricity, water, and air.
c. Pipe and valve sizes.
d. Instrumentation, safety devices, and control schemes.

4. Electricaland instrumentation schematics andbills of materials for all systems. The schematicsshall show all
alarm and shutdown limits (setpoints).

5. Electrical and instrumentation arrangement drawing andlists of connections.

6. Tabulation of utility requirements (may be on as-built purchaser data sheets).

7. Curve showing output-power shaft speed versus torque.

8. Allowable flange loadings for all customer connections, including anticipated thermal movements referenced
to a defined point.

. 9. Welding procedures for fabrication and repair (see 2.13.2.3.1,2.13.4.1,2.13.4.3,2.13.4.5.4,3.5.1.12,and


4.2.2.1).

1O. Certified hydrostatic test logs.

11. Performance test logs.

12. Nondestructive test procedures as itemized on the purchase order data sheets or the Vendor Drawing and
Data Requirement form.

13. Certified mill test reports of items as agreed upon in the precommitment or preinspection meetings.

14.As-builtdatasheets.

15. As-built dimensions (including nominal dimensions with design tolerances) and data for the following listed
parts:
a. Shaft or sleeve diameters at eachjournal bearing.
b. Each journal bearing inside diameter.
c. Thrust-bearing concentricity (axial runout).

16. Installationmanual describing the following (see 5.3.6.2):


a.Storageprocedures.

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b.Foundationplan.
c.Groutingdetails.
d. Setting equipment, rigging procedures, component weights, and lifting diagrams.
e. Piping recommendations, including allowable flange loads.
f. Composite outline drawings for the driver/driven-equipment train, including anchor-bolt locations.
g.Dismantlingclearances.

17. Operating and maintenance manuals describing the following:


a.
Start-up.
b. Normalshutdown.
c.Emergencyshutdown.
d. Lube-oilrecommendations.
e. Routine operational procedures, including recommended inspection schedules and procedures.
f. Instructionsfor -
l. Disassembly and reassembly of journal bearings.
2. Disassembly and reassembly of thrust bearing.
g. Performance data, including curve showing certified flow versus turndown setting.
h. As-built data, including -
1. As-builtdatasheets.
2. As-built dimensions or data, including assembly clearances.
3. Hydrostatic test logs, per item above.
4. Performance test logs, per item above.
i. Drawings and data, including -
1. Certified dimensional outline drawing and listof connections.
2. Cross-sectional drawing and bill of materials.
3. Thrust-bearing assembly drawing and bill of materials.
4. Journal-bearing assembly drawings andbill of materials.
5. Electrical and instrumentation schematics and bill of materials.
6. Electrical and instrumentation assembly drawings and listof connections.

18. Spare parts list with stocking level recommendations,in accordance with 5.3.5.

19. Progress reports and delivery schedule, including vendor buy-outs and milestones.

20. List of drawings, including latest revision numbers and dates.

21. Shipping list, includingall major components that will ship separately.

22. List of special tools furnished for maintenance (see


3.7).

23. Technical data manual, including the following:


a. As-built purchaser data sheets, per item 14 above.
b. Certified performance curves, per item 7 above.
c. Drawings, in accordance with 5.3.2.
d. As-built assembly clearances.
e. Spare parts list, in accordance with 5.3.5.
f. Utility data, per item 6 above.
g. Reports, per items 1 O, 11, 12,and 13 above.

24. Material Safety Data Sheets (OSHA Form


20).

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"

API STD*b75 9 4 0732290


0537630
T33 W

APPENDIX E-NET POSITIVE SUCTION HEAD


VERSUS NET POSITIVE INLET PRESSURE

Because centrifugal pumps and positive displacement lute pressure above fluid vapor pressure at the pump inlet
pumps operate on entirely different principles, common us- and is determined as follows:
age has created two different ways to identify the pressures
associated with them. In its simplest form, a centrifugal pump NPIP Available = P, + P, - Pf- P,, - P,,,
is a velocity machine. The liquid to be pumped is directed
into the center of a rotating impeller where it is entrained in Where:
the impeller vanes and acceleratedto a higher velocity. The P, = AbsoIute pressure at surface of liquid in kPa
casing surrounding the impeller then converts the high veloc- absolute (psia ).
ity to pressure. Because it is a velocity machine,if pressure is P, = Static Head (+) or Static Lift (-) in kPa (psi)
measured in units of liquid length, all units of measure be- for level of fluid above or below inlet.
come consistent. Velocity is measured in meters/second Pf = Inlet line, valve & fitting friction losses at
(feet/second), andpressure is measuredin meters (feet), i.e., maximum viscosity in kPa (psi).
the pressure created by the height of a column of the liquid P,, = Fluid vapor pressure or gas dissolution pres-
being pumped. This consistent use of units greatly simplifies sure in kPa absolute (psia).
pump calculations and allows the effects of certain liquid Pama = Pressure loss dueto acceleration head (see
properties (specific gravity, for example) to be ignored. below) in kPa (psi).
By contrast, a positive displacement pump does not gen-
erate pressure solely by increasing fluid velocity. Instead NPIPA calculation for a controlled volume pump must in-
these pumps convert rotating motion and torque into linear clude the effects of system acceleration head. From the Hy-
fluid motion and force, generating variable flow at the dis- draulics Institute Standards, Fourteenth Edition, liquid in the
charge connection. Positive displacement pumps have no suction and discharge lines of controlled volume pumps has
theoretical discharge pressure limitation. They respond to be accelerated because flow varies with time. This pro-
solely to the pumping system and require system discharge duces alternate pressure drops and surges.The instantaneous
pressure control, usually in the form of a relief valve, to pre- pressure drop required to accelerate the mass of fluid in the
vent damage to the pump mechanism and/or stalling of the suction line,or the instantaneous pressure rise requiredac-to
driver. A centrifugal pump, however, responds quite differ- celerate the mass of fluid in the discharge, is referred to as
ently inthat the discharge pressure developed aisfunction of acceleration head. When computing this value for a con-
flow through the pump impeller. Withdecreasing flow (as in trolled volume pump, the equation below defines the maxi-
the case of increased system resistance), the centrifugal mum instantaneous value of h ,
:
pump develops an ever-increasing pressure rise up to the LVnC LVnC (Sp Gr)
point defined as shutoff head at zero flow. Shutoff head is the hamax = -or Pam, 2.31 Kg
maximum pressure rise that a centrifugal pump can develop. Kg
For a positive displacement pump, flow is a function of Where:
pump stroke length and/or rpm. -
Either type of pump requires sufficient fluid pressure at the hamax - Maximum instantaneous acceleration head in
inlet toprevent release of dissolved gasses and/or change of meters (feet)
Pam,
-
- Maximum instantaneous acceleration head in
state of the pumped fluid from liquid to The gas.term for pres-
sure at the inlet is either Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) or kPa (psi)
Net Positive Inlet Pressure (NPIP). To be consistent, theAPI L = Length of pipe in meters (feet)
Standards for both centrifugal and reciprocating pumps, as c = 0.628 for simplex single-acting
well as the latest editions of the Hydraulic Institute Standards, K = 1.4
refer to thetotal suction head as NPSH rather thanNPIP. Al- v = Average velocity in meterbec (feet/sec)
though the Hydraulic Institute indicates that NPSH is nor- n = Pump speed in rpm
mally expressed in either kilopascals (pounds per square inch) g = Gravitational constant, 9.82 m/s2 (32.2
or meters (feet), the latestAPI Standards refer to NPSH in me- ft/sec2)
ters (feet), the preferred terminologyfor both pump types, to Note that it is the responsibility of the purchaser to define
avoid confusion.Positive displacement pump manufacturers acceleration head (see 1.4.19),y g the value is dependent on
generally referto NPIP, expressed in kPa (psi). the characteristics of the pump selected. Consequently, the
NPSH or NPIP isindicated as either Available or Re- value should be reviewed by both the purchaser and the ven-
quired. The Net Positive Inlet Pressure Available is the abso- dor before a final selection is made.

37

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38 API STANDARD
675

NPIP Required is a function of pump type, speed,and vis-


cosity of fluid pumped. NPIP Available mustalways be
greater than NPIP Requiredto prevent occurrenceof cavita-
tion. Typically, NPIP Required values published positive
by
displacement pump manufacturers are expressed in kPa (psi)
units,

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1-01400-1 0194-1 M (5A)

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API STD*b75 7 4 m 0732270 0537bl13 7 4 2 m

American Petroleum Institute


1220 L Street. Northwest

Order No. 822-67502

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