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Malay architecture is greatly affected by climate and weather.

Hence, the traditional Malay houses are almost always raised


on timber stilts or pile to elevate and protect the building from
floods and also serve as a source of natural ventilation. No
nails are ever used in a traditional Malay house as pre-cut
holes and grooves were used to fit the timber together. Roofs of
these houses are typically steep and have wide overhangs for
shading and protection from tropical downpours.

There are usually 2 parts to a traditional Malay house: the


main house (Rumah Ibu) and the kitchen annex (Rumah
Dapur). The Rumah Dapur is separated from the Rumah Ibu
for fire protection as the bulk of the buildings are made from
timber. One or more verandas (Serambi) are attached to the
Rumah Ibu for seated work, relaxation, or where non-familiar
visitors would be entertained, thus preserving the privacy of
the interior

Ali abdullah moqbel


Malay traditional house 110028024
It is difficult to define what the Malay house is. This is due to the meaning of the word
"Malay," which is not clear. Legally, Malay is defined as "a person who professes the Muslim
religion,
speaks the Malay language, conforms to Malay customs. . If a Malay house is a house that
is owned or lived in by this person, then this definition does not hold true, because there are
many instances when these houses are not lived in or owned by a person so de- fined.
Therefore, it is difficult to legally define a Malay house.
Malay is also defineda as "a member of the people of the Malay peninsula, Eastern Sumatra,
and some adjacent islands. By this definition, many ethnic groups such as Achehnese, Batak,
Bugis, Kerinci, Minangkabau, Rawa and Mandiling are included. These people have
developed their own distinct house types, therefore making it even more difficult to define a
so-called Malay house.
Maybe it is erroneous to assume a single meaning for the term Malay house. Nevertheless,
this study assumes a definition generally accepted by authors dealing with this subject, both
for the sake of simplicity and operational use.
From this assumption and based on the different groups of people who had immigrated and
settled in the different states in Peninsular Malaysia, the Malay

Malay traditional house


The basic Malay house
The Malay house is divided into areas, rather than rooms, for
various social and household activities.
Malay house styles, particularly the design of the roof, vary
from state to state in Peninsular Malaysia, but the basic
house form and construction methods are similar. In the
tradition of vernacular houses, the Malay house is not
professionally designed but has evolved over a period of time
using readily available local materials, which suited the local
climatic and environmental conditions. The design of the
house has also been dictated by the social mores of the
Malays, such as the provision of a private space for the
womenfolk and a public space for the entertaining of male
guests, because the Malay house is always considered a unit
of a larger community in the village.

Malay traditional house


Malay house .
may be divided into three types: Malacca-
Negeri Sembilan, Kelantan- Trengganu, and
Johore-Selangor-Perak. 14 It is not the aim
here to define or ex- pound each of these
types, but be it sufficient to say that there
are indeed distinct differences in the
treatment of these houses which make such a
categori- zation useful and necessary. It is
also understood that within each category, a
differentiation can be made between the
houses so as to require further classi-
fication. 15 Nevertheless, for the

Malay traditional house


Traditional Malay ‘Kampong’
The unplanned arrangement of Malay houses indirectly helps
to reduce the risk of strong winds where settlements along
coastal areas experience higher wind speed than inland
regions (Hanafi, 1994). The characters of a Malay kampong
are detached, and dispersed units with ample external spaces
between them to allow fresh air circulation (Hanafi, 1994).
However, the patterns of a traditional Malay kampong,
which have similarities to villages in Indonesia, can be
described in two main types of spatial arrangement: linear
and concentric (Tjahjono, 2003). Figure 14 shows the linear
and concentric settlement patterns of a Malay ‘kampong’.
For a linear pattern, houses face the economic resources and
transportation links such as roads, rivers or beaches; in a
concentric pattern, the serambi usually faces the public space
located at the centre of the houses.

Malay traditional house


In Malay house compounds, crop-bearing
trees such as coconut trees and high-
branched fruity trees are planted (Yuan,
1987: 92; Hanafi, 1994). These trees have
various functions, such as to indicate
individual boundaries, provide fruits, and
shade the pedestrian walkways (Figure 15).
The open space compounds of a traditional
Malay kampong can encourage social
interaction within neighborhoods (Yuan,
1987: 93).
For religious reasons, most traditional
Malay houses are oriented to face Mecca
(east-west direction), which indirectly
minimizes the area of exposed walls to
direct solar radiation during the day (Yuan,
2011).

Malay traditional house


Wrap Limas house is said to have originated from the Dutch
and the British. This type of architecture was first introduced
to the Riau Islands around the 17th century to the 19th. In
the 19th century, it was built in the state.

Special features of this type of house is the use


of a straight horizontal roof and four trunk
ridge trickling down to the roof. These houses
use decorative wall and casing types widow and
decorated with sculptures. It is quite popular
among the kings and nobles. In Terengganu,
there are three castles that use this design the
Palace and the Palace of Anjang Tengku
Tengku Long in Besut and Kuala Terengganu
Palace Pool

Malay traditional house


Wrap Limas house is built with prefabricated method also
decorated with wood carvings in attractive and impressive by noted
local sculptor's brother Salizan bin Hj Mohd. Abd Rahman from
Jurukir Traditional PR Company Limited.

The structure of this house is characterized by comprising the roof


of his house in a straight ridge and connects about 4 ridge trickling
down to the roof is decorated with wood carvings kerrawang.
These houses have some form of long-form and rectangular. Its
space consists of porch space, balcony, home and kitchen center.

Terengganu house built of wood cengal, meranti and lime. While


the roof of the ground and roof tiles senggora.

Terengganu traditional home of "Limas House Wrap" was quite


beautiful and can make our hearts stunned when melihatnya.Hasil
art in wood carving in the house is sufficient to describe how great
the creativity and uniqueness of the community thought earlier

Malay traditional house


Kedah longhouse in almost the same shape with a long
home perlis but merely a difference in its space
arrangement only. Kedah longhouse elongated shape,
the roof long horizontal Lurs use screen curtain
made ​of triangular-shaped fronds or the letter 'v'
upside down. Slightly lower roof from the roof of the
kitchen mother-like roof looks like feeding elephants
found in Penang.
longhouse Kedah consisting of some space of flat space
and space located in front of the household, while the
middle room, foyer, just ride, room and located at the
back of the kitchen. This home has many columns and
usually more than 20 poles in his mother's house. Home
building materials is Cengal, Meranti, resin sea, and
the roof is made ​of bamboo and Commercial, Nipah and
Senggora critical.

Malay traditional house


A traditional Lotud house,
consisting of a veranda, kitchen and dining area, elevated sleeping and living area and storage
attic, is said to replicate the houses in the spirit world of the Lotud belief system.
The traditional houses of Sabah reflect not only the diverse ways in which people have adapted to
their environment, but also their lifestyles, which are governed by rituals and beliefs. The house is
regarded as a microcosm of the world of spirits and the universe. The site of a house and its spatial
organization may therefore be influenced by omens and dreams as well as physical factors, such as
the orientation of the sun and the river and a fresh supply of water.

Malay traditional house


Longhouses of Sarawak
The jungle and the coast provide the building materials such as the nipah palm used on the roof of a Melanau house.
The longhouses of Sarawak epitomize the communal lifestyle of ethnic groups such as the Iban, Melanau, Orang
Ulu and Bidayuh. Although the Melanau house differs from the others in being tall rather than long, its spatial
organization is similar. Several families are accommodated in one large house. Each family has its own private unit
but shares communal areas, such as the gallery where social activities take place, and the open deck where crops and
laundry are dried.

Malay traditional house


Traditional house in Melaka known to call home Traditional homes are built with designs
Malacca. It is still there in the state of Malacca until featured heritage Malay community
now. The house is famous for its stone stairs are covered features a long roof and stone coated tiles
with multicolored tiles imported from China and India. stairs.
Stone staircase is the main feature as well
The original home uses 12 to 16 main pillars in the main
as wood carvings in the foyer
building or home moms. Building components are unik.Halaman traditional house is usually
made ​from home moms, middle and kitchen space . decorated with various kinds of flowers
Its space division also consists of a porch, in front of the that attract ~ ~ ~
porch sometimes coupled with a stepped area. In the
middle there is a space between the room and the house
mother and home kitchen there is a space called the
interval.
There is a space in the middle space between the roof or
attic room called the role. Use the space as well as bed
when the girls are also as the repository of the goods. The
house is usually built from wood cengal, meranti and
marine resin

Malay traditional house


Homes and villages is one of the important cultural equipment in a
masyarakat.Ianya life is also fundamental to the study of the socio-
cultural community . Houses and construction to reflect a form of
culture for the mendiaminya.Di Negeri Sembilan Malay house design
rather unique that reflect the uniqueness of indigenous perpatih
practiced by people of. traditional Malay house has a charm of its own
in which every building and home basic structure such as columns,
roofs, sills, windows and stairs is said to be built to represent a range
of its own purpose . Architectural house is often associated with the
creative nature of the Malay community and a close relationship with
the environment. Unless we move to Negeri Sembilan, surely we met a
Malay house which hampers similar bentuknya.Di Art Park, Seremban
tersapat a Malay house model State Nine of old age usianya.Namun in
aging, many secrets of the past stored.

Negeri Sembilan Malay House Model is made ​of high quality wood
and the roof is also of kayu.Rumah also quite average size of 17.8
meters x 2.7 meters long and 7.8 meters x 0.9 meters lebar.Ia has 16
main pillars, and thus it is also known as the Pillar House 16.

Malay traditional house


The Malay house: Materials and construction
The traditional Malay house relies for its strength
on a complex jointing system made rigid by the use
of timber wedges. This allows the house to be
easily taken apart and reassembled elsewhere.
The traditional Malay house is primarily a timber
structure, built off the ground using the post-and-
beam method by local carpenters or by the owners
themselves. Its walls are usually made of timber,
although bamboo is still used in certain areas.
Numerous full-length windows line the walls,
providing both ventilation and a view outside.
The high-pitched, gabled roof, which dominates
the house, was traditionally covered with thatch
but is now more often covered with galvanized
iron.

Malay traditional house


References

http://www.academia.edu/CompleteDepartment
http://vernaculararchitecture.wordpress.com/2011/12/30/hello-world/
http://www.encyclopedia.com.my/volume5/design.html
http://s09.cgpublisher.com/proposals/147/