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# Core Practical 2: Measuring Resistivity

Dan Kimberley
November 25, 2018

1 Preparation
1.1 Aim
To calculate the material of a wire using its resistivity.

## 1.2 Underlying Physics

Derivation of equation used to calculate acceleration. In this case, a will be g:

ρl
R=
A

πd2
A=
4

References - www.fluke.com

## 1.3 Diagram of Equipment

1.4 Method
• Setup equpiment as shown.
• Connect crocodile clips at a distance of 5cm.

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• Measure the resistance using the multimeter.
• Repeat in increasing intervals of 5cm up to 100cm.

## Risk How to minimise

Contact with electrical current Ensure skin does not contact bare wires
Water touching live wire Keep water vessels well away from the equipment.

1.6 Uncertainties

## Uncertainty Raw Uncertainty

Length of Wire ± 0.1cm
Resitance ± 0.1 Ω
Diameter of Wire ± 0.001mm

2 Results
2.1 Table

## Length /cm Resistance /Ω

0.0 0.9
5.0 1.8
10.0 2.7
15.0 3.5
20.0 4.4
25.0 5.3
30.0 6.1
35.0 7.2
40.0 8.1
45.0 8.9
50.0 9.8
55.0 10.7
60.0 11.6
65.0 12.5
70.0 13.4
75.0 14.4
80.0 15.2
85.0 16.1
90.0 17

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2.2 Graph

2.3 Analysis
These results gave us a gradient of 17.88. To calculate the resisitivity, we must
mulitply this by the area. The diameter of the wire was found to be 0.28mm =
0.00028m.

## As the calipers had a precision of ±0.001mm, the percentage uncertainty of

the diameter = 0.001
0.28 = 0.36%.
As the ruler had a precision of 0.1cm, the average percentage uncertainty was
0.1
45 = 0.2%.
As the multimeter had a precision of 0.1 Ω, the percentage uncertainty of the
resistance = 0.1
9 = 1.1%.
∴ the total percentage uncertainty = 1.1 + 0.2 + 2 × 0.36 = ±2.02%.

Using this diameter in the equation to find CSA of the wire, the CSA was found
to be 6.158 × 10−8 m2 , with a percentage uncertainty of 2 × 0.36% = ±0.72%.
By multiplying this by the gradient of the graph, the resistivity of the wire was
calculated to be 1.10 × 10−6 ± 2.02%.