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3472/2 Additional Mathematics Paper 2 2 ½ Hours September 2010

-------------------------------------------------------------------------PERFECT SCORE 2010 FORM 4

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

2 SECTION A [40 marks] Answer all questions in this section 1. Solve the simultaneous equations

x  2y  5 x 2  xy  7
[5 marks] 2. Express f ( x)  x 2  4 x  3 in the form f (x) = m(x + n)2 + k , where m, n and k are constants. (a) State the values of m, n and k. [3 marks] (b) Find the maximum or minimum point. [1 marks] (c) Sketch the graph of f ( x)  x 2  4 x  3 [2 marks] 3. (a) The straight line y  3  x does not intercept to the curve y 2  4 p  2 x 2  0 Find the range of p. [3 marks] Given p and q are the roots of the quadratic equations 2x2 + 7x = x – 5, Find the equation that has the roots p + 2 and q + 2. [4 marks] Solve the equation 3 x2  3 x  23 [3 marks] (b) Solve the equation 7.49 x1  343 [2 marks] (c) Solve the equation log 2 2 x  log 2 (3  2 x)  2 [2 marks]

(b)

4

(a)

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3 5 (a) A set of 6 numbers has a standard deviation of 2.5. Given that the sum of the numbers,  x , is 54. Find (i) the value of mean [2 marks] (ii) the sum of the squares of the numbers. [3 marks]

(b)

If each of the numbers is divided by h and is added by k uniformly , the new mean and standard deviation of the set are 5 and 1.25 respectively. Find the value of h and k. [4 marks]

6.

The gradient of the tangent to the curve y  x  mx 2 at the point (2 , n) is 3, where m and n are constants Find (a) the value of m and n. [4 marks] (b) the equation of normal to the curve at the point ( 3, 4) [3 marks]

4 SECTION B Answer four questions in this section

7

Diagram 1 shows function g maps x to y and function h maps z to y. 1 Given g (x) = , x  m and h (z) = 1 + 4z. 2x  1 g x y 4 m h z

n

Diagram 1 (a) State the value of m and n. [3 marks] (b) Find
hg 1 ( x)

[3 marks] (c) Given that function f : x  kx2  p and function g : x  1  2 x , where k and p are constants .If the composite function fg is given by fg : x  2 x 2  2 x  5, find the value of k and of p. [ 4marks]

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5 8. Diagram 2 shows a quadrilateral ABCD with vertices A(1.1) and D(3,6) .The straight line AB parallel to the x-axis. y D(3, 6)

C

A(1, 1) O Diagram 2

B x

Given the equation of BC is y  2 x  5  0 . Find , (a) the equation of AB [1 marks] (b) the coordinates of B [2 marks] (c) the coordinates of C [4 marks] (d) the area of quadrilateral ABCD [3 marks]

6 9 Table 1 shows the masses of 50 watermelons collected from Pak Busu”s farm. Mass (kg) 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 Table 1 Calculate (a) the mean, [3 marks] (b) the standard deviation, [4 marks] (c) the third quartile, [3 marks] Number of watermelons 4 7 16 13 10

of the distribution

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7 10. In diagram 3 , AEF is a semicircle with centre O and has a radius of 8 m. BOD is a sector of a circle with centre O and A is mid point of OB. OBC is a right angle triangle C

D E A F Q A

B

Diagram 3 . [Use π = 3.142]

It is given that CB = 20 m . Calculate

(a) the angle of COB in radian. [2 marks] (b) the area, in m2, of the shaded region, [4 marks] (c) the perimeter, in m, of the whole diagram, [4 marks] .

8 11 (a) Given that the equation of the curve is y  3x 2  12 x .Find the coordinate of the turning point of the curve and determine whether each of the turning points is maximum or a minimum. [4 marks]

(b)

Given that the rate of change of x is 0.1 cms-1 , find the rate of change of y , in cms -1 , when x is 3 cm. [3 marks] It is given that y  3u 7 , where u  2 x  5 . Find approximate of y if x decrease from 1.95 to 2 [3 marks]

(c)

dy in terms of x. Hence ,find the dx

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9 SECTION C Answer two questions in this section 12. Diagram 4 shows two triangles ABC and ACD . BCD is a straight line. A

11 cm 9 cm 40o B C Diagram 4 D 9 cm

Find , (a) (b) (c)
ACB

[3 marks] the length of CD [3 marks] the area of triangle ABD [4 marks]

10 13

V

C

B

A Diagram 5 Diagram 5 shows a pyramid ABCV with vertex V and base ABC. BV is a vertical line.Given that AC = 8 cm, BV = 15 cm. ABC  60 0 and ACB  50 0 . Find (a) (b) (c) the length of BC
AVC

[2 marks] [5 marks]

the area of triangle

AVC

[3 marks]

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11 14 Table 2 shows the price indices and percentage of usage of four items, A,B,C and D ,which are the main ingredients in the productions of a brand of cake. Item A B C D Price index for the year 2010 based on the year 2009 125 110 140 n Table 2 (a) Calculate (i) The price of item C in the year 2009 if its price in the year 2010 was RM 3.50. [2 marks] (ii) The price index of item B for the year 2010 based on the year 2008 if its price index for the year 2009 based on the year 2008 is 110. [2 marks] (b) The composite index of the cost of cake production for the year 2010 based on the year 2009 is 126.1,Calculate (i) the value of n. (ii) the price of a cake in the year 2009 if its corresponding price in the year 2010 was RM 35. [6 marks] Percentage of Usage(%) 22 12 31 35

12 15 Table 3 shows the price indices and the weightages of four types of Pn Kang yearly personal items in the year 2009 based on the year 2008.

Personal Item Shoe Bag Shirt Trouser

Price Index for the year 2009 based on the year 2008 120 125 118 m Table 3

Weightage 1 3 4 2

(a)

Calculate the value of m if the price of a trouser in the year 2009 is RM 42 and RM 32.00 in the year 2008 Find the composite index number for the personal neccesseties in the year 2009 based on the year 2008 . [5 marks] calculate the total expenditure in the year 2008 for Pn Kang personal items if the corresponding expenditure in the year 2009 is RM 1295. The cost of the items increases by 25% from the year 2009 to the year 2010.Find the composite index number in the year 2010 based on the year 2008.

(b)

(c)

(d)

END OF THE QUESTIONS

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