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# 1.

ARITHMETIC

## Q2 Write the answers to Question 1 (a – h) in words. For example if the answer

is 435, write four hundred and thirty five.

## Q3 Evaluate the following:

a 12 x 3 – 2 b 4+5x7 c 15 3 + 4 x 2 - 1

d 7 x 6 – 12  4+2 e 17 – 2 – (5 – 3) f 7+6x4  3

 6 4  3  4  6  4  3
g - (7 + 2) -6 + 14 h i
 4 1 1 2

j 3 + 5  2 k 3  6 - 8 l 7  5 - 2 + 4  6

m 8  2 + 3 n 7  5 - 12  4 + 3

o 2 + 8  (3 + 6) p 11 - 9  3 + 7

q 17 - 2  (6 - 3) r 2 + 3  (7 - 13)

s 11 - 12  4 + 3  (6 - 2)

1.2. LCM AND HCF

## Q4 Find the lowest common multiple of the following sets of numbers.

a 8 and 12 b 3, 4 and 5

c 2, 6 and 12 d 3, 6 and 8

e 2, 8 and 10 f 20 and 25

## Q5 Find the highest common factor of the following sets of numbers.

a 8 and 12 b 24 and 36

## e 18, 30, 12 and 42 f 28, 42, 84, 98 and 112

1.3. FRACTIONS

Q6 Evaluate (giving the answer as the smallest fraction, showing each of the
steps).
3 4 1 2 5 2 2 1
a  b   c   3
4 5 6 3 12 3 5 10

2 7 1 3 3 2 7
d  e   f 4  7
3 8 4 8 12 7 2

2 5 3 2 1 3 11
g  h  4 i  
7 3 7 5 11 5 2

6 3

5 15 46 23 5 2
j  k  k
8 64 15 9 9
20

1.4. DECIMALS

## Q7 Convert the following to a decimal value to 3 decimal places.

7
a b c d e
8

6.

3
f g h i j
4

k 2 l 4 m 13 n 11 o 10

p q r s 2 t

u 2 v 3 w 8 x 3 y

z 8

## Q8 Write the following as a single decimal value e.g. 2.02 x 10 -2 would be

written as 0.0202 and 102 as 100
a 108 b 2  104 c 10-3 d 2.365w  10-3

10-1

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 3

s 0385  10-3 t 618m  103 u 50% v 73%

1.5. FACTORS

a 24 b 56 c 42

Q12

## Q14 Express as a product of prime factors:

a 24 b. 36 c. 56 d. 132

Q15 Write down the four prime numbers next larger than 19.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 5

1.6. PROBLEMS

Q16 16 holes spaced 48mm apart are to be marked off on a sheet metal detail.
17mm is to be allowed between the centres of the end holes and the
edge of the plate.
Calculate the total length of metal required.
Q17 In the first 2 hours of a shift an operator makes 32 soldered joints per hour.
In the next 3 hours the operator makes 29 joints per hours. In the final
two hours 26 joints are made per hour.
How many soldered joints are made in the 7 hours?
Q18 A machinist makes 3 parts in 15 minutes.
How many parts can he make in an 8 hour shift allowing 20 minutes for
starting and 10 minutes for finishing the shift?
Q19 The length of a plate detail is 891mm. Rivets are placed 45mm apart and
the distance between the centres of the end rivets and the edges of the
plate is 18mm.
How many rivets are required?
Q20 32 pins each 61mm long are to be turned in a lathe. If 2mm is allowed on
each pin for each cutting opration:
What total length of material is required to make the pins?

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 6

1.7. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

Q21 In questions (a-j) state the letter, corresponding to the correct answer..
(a) The number 002857 correct to 3 places of decimals is:

## (f) The number 158 861 correct to 2 significant figures is:

a 15 b 160 000 c 16

## a 0076 b 0075 c 008

1
(i) The number correct to 4 significant figures is:
6

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 7

1.8. TRUE OR FALSE

Q22 In questions (a-j) the answer is either true of false. State which.
(a)  = 00505

(b) 5+ + = 513

(f) 00302 = +

## 1.9. RATIOS & PERCENTAGE

Q23 In questions (a-k) the answer is either true of false. State which.

## (a) The ratio 200m to 5km is the same as .

(b) When 600kg is divided in the ratio 3:2 the two amounts are 360kg and 240kg.

(c) When 900m is divided in the ratios 2:3:5 the three lengths are 200m, 300m
and 400m.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 8

(e) is the same as 42%.

## (j) If 15% of a complete length is 45mm the complete length is 300mm.

(k) An alloy consists of 80% copper and 20% tin. The amount of tin in 50kg of the
alloy is 20kg.

Q24 In questions (a-j) state the letter corresponding to the correct answer.

(a) When £1200 is divided in the ratio 7:5 the smallest amount is:

## a £700 b £500 c £240

(b) When a length 36m is divided in the ratio 5:4:3 the smallest amount is:

## a 09m b 15m c 120m

(c) An alloy contains copper, lead and tin in the ratio of 15:3:2, the amount of lead
in 400kg of the alloy is:

## a 300kg b 60kg c 40kg

(d) 40 men working in a factory produce 6000 articles in 12 working days. The
length of time required for 15 men to produce the 6000 articles is:

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 9

a 32 days b 4days c 64 days

a b c

## (g) 30% of a certain length is 600mm. The complete length is:

a 2000mm b 200mm c 20 mm

## a 48% b 36% c 32%

(i) The composition of an alloy is 36 parts of copper, 12 parts of tin and 2 parts of
antimony. The percentage of tin in the alloy is:

## a 12% b 24% c 30%

(j) A line 920mm long is divided into 4 parts in the ratio 15:13:10:8, the longest
part is:

## a 260 mm b 200 mm c 300 mm

1.10. FRACTIONS

Q25 In questions (a-l) state the letter corresponding to the correct answer.
(a) When the fraction is reduced to its lowest terms the answer is:

a. b. c.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 10

(b) Which of the following fractions is equal to ?

a. b. c.

(c) The fraction when written with denominator 56 is the same as:

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 11

(k) is equal to one of the following, when the answer is expressed in its
lowest terms.

a. b. c.

a. b. c.

(a) 6 (-2)

(b) (-6)  2

(d) 6  2

(e) (-10)  5

(f) 1  (-1)

(h) (-3)  3

(i) 8  (-4)

(j)

(k)

(l)

(m)

(n)

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 13

Q27 The answers to the following are either true or false. Write down the
appropriate word for each problem.

(a) -5 -6 = 11

(b) -8 + 3 = -5

(c) -7 - (+5) = 12

## (e) (-6)  (-7) = 42

(f) (-8)  5 = 40

(g) 3 x (-4) = 12

(h) 8 (-2) = -4

(j) (-6)2 = 36

(a)  4 -

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

1.12. POWERS

Remember.

a0 = 1 a-6 =

a
b
c
  a
c
b
or c
ab

(a) 25  2 6

(b) a  a2  a 5

(c) n8  n 5

(d) 34  3 7

(e) b2  b 5

## (f) 105  103  104

(g) z4  z2  z-3

(h) 32  3-3  33

(i)

(j)

(k) (93)4

(l) (y2)-3

(m) (t  t3)2

(n) (c-7)-2

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 15

(o)

(p)

(q)

(r)

Q30 Without using tables or calculators, find the values of the following.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d) 24  2-1

(e) 2-2

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i) (5-1)2

(k)

(l)

(m) 7  240

(n)

(o)

## Q31 Solve the following:

(a) 34  3 6  32

(b) 53

(c) 73

(d) 28

(e) 10-1

(f) 5-2

(g) 3-4

Q32 Simplify

(a) 81½

2
(b) 64 3

(c) 81¼

(e) 225½

(f) 6423

(g) 360

(h)

(a) 128

(b) 176

(c) 000175

(g) 175763

## (a) (3 + 2)2 + (-6  2)

(b) [2 (3 - 2) ]2 + (4  -3)

(a) 3-2

(b) 625½

(c) 44

(d)

(e)

## Q36 Write down the following in standard form.

(a) 000176
(b) 450103
(c) 6360  10-2
(d)
Q37 Write down the following as a single decimal number.

## (a) 2736  10-4

(b) 00176451  105
(c) 000127654  10-2
(d) 498747  10-3
(e) 28934  103
(f)

## Q38 State the following in the base units in standard form.

(a) 3200 kW
(b) 20126 mA
(c) 0003287 GN
(d) 200 F
Q39 Write down the following in power notation.

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d) 3 
Q40 Simplify and evaluate the following.

(a) 24  26

(b) 31  32

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 19

(c) 42  45

(d) 23  22  2 1

(e) 32  33  3 4

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k) (63)2

(l) (23)4

(m) (34)2

(n) (42)2

(o)

(p)

(q)

(r)

(s)

(t)

(u)

(v)

(w)

## Q41 Express the following as a single power of 3.

(a) 32  33

(b) 31  32  3 3

(c) 3  3  3

(d) 32  3

(e)

(f)

(g) 9

(h) 27

(i) 81

(j) (32)3

(k) (33)3

(l)

(m)

(n)

(o)

(p)

(q)

## Q42 Write each of the following as a single power.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)  3
x  2

(j)

 x
2
(k) 3

3
 1  4
(l) 
3 4

 x 

Q43 Without using tables or calculators find the values of the following.

1 3
(a) 52  5 2  5 2

1
(b) 44 2

1
(c) 8 3

1
(d) 64 6

2
(e) 83

3
(f) 25 2

3
 1

(g) 16 4

 

1
(h) 3
9 2

1

(i) 1 2
 
 4

(j) 1605

(k) 36-05

4 
1
(l) 3 4

(m)  12
 
 4

3
 1 
(n)  0. 5 
 16 

1
(o)
 3 2

(a)

a 3
(b) 2

a 3

(c)

5 3

b2 b 2
(d) 1

b 2

3
m 4
(e) 5
m 2

(f)

3
 12 
x 
 
(g)  
x 
1
3 3

(h)

4
y3
(i)
y

(j)
 n
4
3

4
x2
(k) 7
x 2

3
t  t2
(l) 5

t2

2. ALGEBRA

2.1. ALGEBRA 1

## Q1 Simplify the following.

(a) 7x + 11x

(b) 7x - 5x

(c) 3x - 6x

(d) -2x - 4x

(e) -8x + 3x

(f) -2x + 7x

(g) 8a - 6a + 7a

(h) 5m + 13m - 6m

## (k) 14xy + 5xy - 7xy + 2xy

(l) -5x + 7x - 3x - 2x

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 1

(m) -4x2 - 3x2 + 2x2 - x2

(n) 3x - 2y + 4z - 2x - 3y + 5z + 6x + 2y - 3z

(s) 2x  5y

(t) 3a  4b

(u) 3  4m

(v) ¼q  16p

(w) x  (-y)

(y) 8m  (-3n)

(z) (-4a)  3b

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 2

(aa) 8p  (-q)  (-3r)

(cc) 12x  6

(dd) 4a  (-7b)

(ee) (-5a)  8b

(gg) 4a  2b

(hh) 4ab  2a

## (ii) 12x2yz2  4xz2

(jj) (-12a2b)  6a

(mm)a  a

(nn) b  (-b)

(oo) (-m)  m

(qq) 3a  2a

(rr) 5x  x

(ss) 5q  (-3q)

(tt) 3m  (-3m)

2.2. ALGEBRA 2

## Q2 In questions 1 to 40 the answer is either true or false. Write down the

appropriate word for each question.
(a) The sum of two numbers can be represented by the expression a + b.

## (d) 3 times a number minus 7 can be written as 3x - 7.

(e) Two numbers added together minus a third number and the result divided
by a forth number may be written as (a + b - c)  d.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 5

(n) When x = 2, y = 3 and z = 4 the value of 2x2y3z is 258.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 6

(cc) 8x - 5x is equal to 3.

2.3. BRACKETS

## (a) X + (3Y - 2X) - (2X - 3Y)

(b) a - (b - c) - (c - a) - (a - b)

## (g) X2 - {Y2 - [X2 - (X2 + Y2)]}

(h) 5 (2X - 3) - 2 (X - 8)

(i) 4 (Y + 3) - 2 (7 + Y) + 2

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 8

2.4. EXPANDING BRACKETS

2.5. FACTORS

Q5 Factorise:
(a) 4X - 4Y

(b) 4X - 8XY

(c) aX + bX + cX

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 9

(d) 5a - 10b + 15c

(h) Io + Io  t

(j)

## 2.6. EQUATIONS SUBSTITUTION

Q6 In the following questions state the letter (or letters) corresponding to the
correct answer (or answer).

a. 6 b. -2 c. 4

## (b) If v = u + at, v = 12, u = 6 and t = 2, then the value of a is:

a. 3 b. 1 c. -3

(c) Given the values u = -2, v = 3 and s = 5 and also that s = t, then

## the value of t is:

a. 25 b. 20 c. 10

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 10

(d) The volume of a cone is given by V = . If V = 25 and r = 2, then the

## approximate value of h is:

a. 6 b. 22 c. 100

a. b. c.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 11

(f) If A = 2R(R + H), then H is equal to:

a. A - 2R2 b. - R c. R-

a. - T b. c. T-

## (h) If S = 90(2n - 4), then n is equal to:

a. + 4 b. - 2 c. +2

## (i) If F = , then u is equal to:

a. v= b. - v c. v-

a. b. c.

2.7. EQUATIONS 1

## Q7 Solve the following equations and check your answers.

(a) n + 8 = 17

(b) n - 5 = 11

(c) 3Y = 20

(d) = 9

(e) 8X = 0

(f) X + 2X = 18

(g) 3n - 2 = 10

(h) = 2

(i) 4Y - Y = 21

(j) = 5

(k) 3c = c + 5

(l) 2p - 8 = p - 3

(m) t + 7 = 17 - 4t

(n) 2a + 4 = 19 - a

(o) 7m - 9 - m = 3m

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 13

2.8. SUBSTITUTING INTO EQUATIONS

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 14

Q9 Find the value of the stated item.

MV 2
(a) Find m if F = F = 1280, r = 5, and V = 20
r

2.9. EQUATIONS 2

(a) x + 2 = 7

(b) t -4 = 3

(c) 2q = 4

(d) x - 8 = 12

(e) q + 5 = 2

(f) 3x = 9

(g) = 3

(h) = 4

(i) 2x + 5 = 9

(j) 5x - 3 = 12

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 15

(k) 6p - 7 = 17

(l) 3x + 4 = -2

(m) 7x + 12 = 5

(n) 6x - 3x + 2x = 20

(o) 14 - 3x = 8

(p) 5x - 10 = 3x + 2

(q) 6m + 11 = 25 – m

(r) 3x - 22 = 8x +18

## (t) 12x - 08 = 08x + 12

(u) 2(x + 1) = 8

(v) 5(m - 2) = 15

## (x) 5(x + 2) - 3(x - 5) = 29

(y) 3x = 5(9 - x)

(aa) = 2

(bb)

(cc) + 3 = 2 +

(dd) 3x + = 2 +

(ee) = 3

(ff) = 2

(gg)

(hh)

(ii) = 2

(jj)

(kk) = 2

(ll)

(mm)

(nn)

(oo) x - 5 =

(pp) = 3

(qq)

(rr)

(ss)

(tt)

(uu)

(vv) = 0

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 17

(ww) = 0

(xx) = x

2.10. EQUATIONS 3

Q11 In the following questions a – y the answer is either 'true' or 'false'. State
which.
(a) If = 3 then x = 21

(b) If = 10 then x = 2

(c) If = 16 then x = 64

(d) If 5x = 20 then x = 4

(e) If 3x = 6 then x = 18

(f) If x - 5 = 10 then x = 5

(g) If x + 8 = 16 then x = 2

(h) If x + 7 = 14 then x = 21

(i) If x + 3 = 6 then x = 3

(j) If x - 7 = 14 then x = 21

(k) If 3x + 5 = 2x + 10 then x = 3

(l) If 2x + 4 = x + 8 then x = 4

(m) If 5x - 2 = 3x - 8 then x = -6

(n) If 3x - 8 = 2 - 2x then x = 10

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 18

(o) If 2(3x + 5) = 18 then x = 1

## (q) If 6y = 10(8 - y) then x = 15

(r) If = 10 then y = 2

(s) If = 4 then y = 2

(t) If then x = 60

(u) If - 1 = then x = 3

(v) If then x = 26

(w) If then x = -2

(x) If then x = 10

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 19

Q12 In questions a to e state the letter (or letters) corresponding to the correct
answer (or answers).

a. 3 b. 6 c. d.

## (b) If 2(x + 6) - 3(x - 4) = 1 then x is equal to:

a. 25 b. 17 c. 23 d. -7

## (c) If then x is equal to:

a. 16 b. -16 c. 7 d. -7

a. b. c. -7 d. 0

a. b. c. 3 d. -3

## 2.11. TRANSPOSITION OF FORMULAE

Q13 Transpose the formulas below for the letter as stated. i.e. Rearrange the
formulas so that the letter wanted is on its own on the top line.

(a) I = for R

(b) P = for F

(c) C =   D for D

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 20

(d) F =   Rn for 

(e) W = F  D for F

## (f) P = gh for 

(g) v = for m

(h) P1  V1 = P 2 x V2 for V2

(i) for T2

(k) XC = for C

(l) A = for h

(m) for V2

(q) A = for d

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 21

(r) E = m v2 for v

## (s) L = CL v2s for v

(t) v = u + at for a

L
(w) t  2x for g
g

## (z) S = ut + at2 for a

(aa) E =  v2 for 

(bb) x = 3 - 2x for x

(cc) D = CD  v2 for Cd

(dd) for R2

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 22

Q14 Transpose the following.

(a) C = d for d

(c) PV = c for V

## (f) I = PRT for R

(g) x = for y

(h) I = for R

(i) x = for u

(j) P = for T

(k) d = for N

(l) S = for t

(m) for R

(n) V = for h

(o) for J

(p) v = u + at for t

(q) n = p + cr for r

(r) y = ax + b for x

(s) y = + 17 for x

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 23

(u) a = b - cx for x

(w) V = for r

(x) C = for E

(z) C = for N

(aa) T = for d

(bb) a = for t

## Q15 Carry out the following exercises.

(a) A boy is x years old now. How old was he 5 years ago?

(b) Find the total cost of 3 pencils at a pence each and 8 pens at b pence
each.

(c) A man works x hours per weekday except Saturday when he works y
hours. If he works z hours on Sunday how many hours does he work per
week?

## (d) What is the perimeter of a rectangle J mm long and b mm wide?

(e) A man A has £a and a man B has £b. If A gives B £x how much will each
have?

(f) A factory employs M men, N boys and P women. If a man earns £x per
week, a boy £y per week and a women £z per week, what is the total wage
bill per week?

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 24

(g) A man earns £u per week when he is working and he is paid £v per week
when he is on holiday. If he is on holiday for 3 weeks per year find his total
annual salary.

(h) The price of m articles was £M but the price of each article is increase by n
pence. How many articles can be brought for £N?

(i) A man starts a job at a salary of £u per week. His salary is increased by y
pence per week at the end of each year's service. What will be his salary
be after x years.

(j) A number m is divided into two parts. If a is one part what is the product of
the two parts?

## Q16 Carry out the following:

(a) A foreman and 5 men together earn £732 per week. If the foreman earns
£12 per week more than each of the men, how much does each earn?

(b) One side of a triangle is 4m shorter, and another 3m shorter than the
longest side. If the perimeter of the triangle is 25m, find the lengths of the
three sides.

(c) The three angles of a triangle are x, (x + 30) and (x - 6). The sum of the
three angles is 180, find each angle.

(d) The perimeter of a rectangle is 56mm. If one of the two adjacent sides is
8mm longer than the other, find the dimensions of the rectangle.

(e) A certain type of motor car costs seven times as much as a certain make of
motor cycle. If two such motor cars and three such motor cycles cost
£8500, find the cost of each vehicle.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 25

(f) The perimeter of a triangle ABC is 26m. BC is two-thirds of AB and it is also
2m longer than AC. Find the lengths of the three sides.

## (g) A transformer compound of a rectangular plan is to be constructed using

100m of chain link fencing for one long and two short sides and an existing
wall for the other side. If the length of the compound has to be 10m longer
than twice the breadth, find the dimensions of the compound.

(h) Three plugs and five electric light fittings together cost £9.90. If a plug cost
twice as much as a light fitting, find the cost of a plug and a light fitting.

(i) Two taps are used to fill a cooling tank which has a capacity of 1200 litres.
If it takes 16 minutes to fill the tank and one tap delivers water at twice the
rate of the other, find how many litres per minutes each tap delivers.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 26

2.14. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

## Q17 Solve the following Simultaneous equations

(a) 2x + 3y = 8 3x + 2y = 6

(b) 3y - 2x = 5 x - 2y = 3

(c) 4y + 3x = 7 2x + 2y = 4

(d) y - 2x = 6 3y + x = 2

(e) 8x - 4y = 8 4x + 2y = 3

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 27

2.15. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS 2

Q18 Solve the following equations for x and y and check your solutions.

(a) 3x + 2y = 7 x + y = 3

(b) 4x - 3y = 1 x + 3y = 19

(c) x + 3y = 7 2x - 2y = 6

(d) 7x - 4y = 37 6x + 3y = 51

## (e) 4x - 6y = -25 7x - 5y = -025

(f) x + y = 17 = 1

(g) - 2y = x + = 6

(h) 2x + = 11 + 3y = 1

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 28

2.16. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS 3

## Q19 Solve the following problems

(a) Two quantities M and N are connected by the formula M = aN + b in
which a and b are constants. When N = 3, M = 65 and when N = 7, M =
125. Find the values of a and b.

(b) In an experiment to find the friction force F between two metallic surfaces
when the load is W, the law connecting the two quantities was of the type F
= mW + b. When F = 25, W = 6 and when F = 31, W = 9. Find the values
of m and b. hence find the value of F when W = 12.

(c) A foreman and seven men together earn £1040 per week whilst two
foremen and 17 men together earn £2464 per week. Find the earnings for a
foreman and for a man.

(d) For one installation 8 ceiling roses and 6 plugs are required the total cost of
these items being £16. For a second installation 12 ceiling roses and 5
plugs are used the cost being £17.60. Find the cost of a ceiling rose and a
plug.

## (e) Two quantities x and y are connected by law y = ax + b. When x = 2, y

= 13 and when x = 5, y = 22. Find the values of a and b.

(f) In a certain lifting machine it is found that the effort, E, and the load, W are
connected by the equation E = aW + b. An effort of 26 raises a load of 8,
whilst an effort of 38 raises a load of 12. Find the values of the constants a
and b and determine the effort required to raise a load of 15.

(g) If 100m of wire and 8 plugs cost £62 and 150m of wire and 10 plugs cost
£90, find the cost of 1m of wire and the cost of a plug.

(h) Find two numbers such that their sum is 27 and their difference is 3.

(i) An alloy containing 8cm3 of copper and 7cm3 of tin has a mass of 121g. A
second alloy containing 9cm3 of copper and 11cm3 of tin has a mass of
158g. Find the densities of copper and tin in g/cm 3.

## (j) A motorist travels x km at 40 km/h and y km at 50 km/h. The total time

taken is 2½ hours. If the time taken to travel 6x km at 30 km/h and 4y km at
50 km/h is 14 hours, find x and y.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 29

2.17. SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS 4

Q20 In the following questions state the letter (or letters) which corresponds to
the correct answer (or answers).
(a) In the simultaneous equations:

2x + 3y = 17 3x + 4y = 24

## x is equal to 4. Hence the value of y is:

a. b. 75 c. 3 d. 4

## (b) In the simultaneous equation:

2x - 3y = -16 5y - 3x = 25

## x is equal to -5. Hence the value of y is:

a. 2 b. -2 c. d. 0

## (c) By eliminating x from the simultaneous equations:

2x - 5y = 8 2x - 3y = -7

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 30

(d) By eliminating y from the simultaneous equations:

3x - 4y = -10 x + 4y = 8

## the equation below is obtained:

a. 2x = -18 b. 4x = -18 c. 2x = -2 d. 4x = -2

## (e) By eliminating x from the simultaneous equations:

3x + 5y = 2 x + 3y = 7

## the equation below is obtained:

a. 4y = -19 b. 8y = 9 c. 4y = 19 d. 4y = 5

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 31

2.18. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

(a) 2x2 - 9x - 5

(b) 3x2 + 8x - 3

(d) 6x2 + 7x + 2

(i) 4x2 - 7x + 3

(k) 9x2 - 3x - 2

(m) 6x2 - x - 2

(p) 15x2 - x - 2

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 32

(q) Solve. x2 - 5x - 14 = 0

(s) x =

(t) 2x2 = 6x

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 33

3. GEOMETRY & PROGRESS TESTS

## 3.1. TRIGONOMETRIC RATIOS

Q 1. Using a scientific calculator, find the value (to 4 dec. places) of:
(a) Sine 37º
(b) Cos 80º
(c) Cos 53º
(d) Sin 20º
(e) Tan 27º
(f) Sin 1.1 radians
(g) Cos 0.6321 radians
(h) Tan 0.5016 radians

## Q 2. A right angled triangle ABC has sides AB = 5, AC =3 and CB = 4.

If the right angle is at C, calculate:
(a) Sine A
(b) Cos A
(c) Tan A
(d) Sine B
(e) Cos B
(f) Tan B

## Q 3. A right angled triangle XYZ has sides ZY = 13, ZX =12 and XY = 5.

If the right angle is at X, calculate:
(a) Sine Y
(b) Sine Z
(c) Tan Y
(d) Tan Z
(e) Cos Z

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 34

Q 4. Using the standard conventional division of the x and y axes dividing the x –
y plane into four quadrants. In which quadrant are the following angles:
(a) 105º
(b) 57º
(c) 250º
(d) 143º
(e) 299º

Q 5. Given that Cos 53º= 0.6018, find the following values without using your
calculators:

(a) 36 m at 20

(b) 40 N at 57

## (c) 3 m/s2 at 44

Q 7. Convert to radians.

(a) 75

(b) 63

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 35

(c) 135

(d) 294

(e) 229

Q 8. Convert to degrees.

(e) radians

## (i) Convert 500 radians per second to rpm.

Q 10. What is the angular velocity of a line which turns through an angle of 210
radians in 6 seconds.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 36

Q 11. Calculate the angle through which a line will turn in 60 seconds if it has an
angular velocity of 320 radians per second.

Q 12. In a right angled triangle, the lengths of the shorter sides are 8cm and
15cm. Calculate the length of the hypotenuse.

Q 13. The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle has a length of 41mm. One of
the other sides is 9mm long, calculate the length of the third side.

Q 14. A right angled triangle has sides of length 30cm and 40cm. What is the
length of the other side if it is the longest side?

Q 15. All the sides of a triangle are 6cm length. What is the vertical height of the
triangle?

Q 16. A triangle has sides which are 125cm, 30cm and 322cm in length. It is
right angled?

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 37

3.2. MATHS REVISION

(a) 

8 6

3 5
(c)
29
5

## (d) An aircraft fuselage has a cross-sectional diameter of 8ft, and a length of

85ft. The fuselage length is increased by 7%.
Determine the increase in volume gained.

(e) A simple gear train has two gears, the input gear, which is rotated one
revolution has 48 gear teeth. The output gear meshing with it has 18 teeth.
Determine the amount of movement of the output gear.

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 38

3.3. SHORT PROGRESS TEST

Q 1. Solve;

## Q 2. Calculate the volume of paint in litres required to paint an aircraft.

The fuselage is 57m long and 5m in diameter and can be assumed to be a flat
ended cylinder. It will be taken that 5% of the fuselage curved surface will
not be painted to allow for windows.
The wings, tailplane and vertical stabiliser will be taken as rectangular with no
thickness. (they must be painted both sides)
The wing span is 45m, with an average chord of 4m.
The span of the tail is 8m, with an average chord of 2m.
The height of the vertical stabiliser is 6m, with an average chord of 3m.
The paint is to be 1mm thick.

## Q 3. Solve the values of x and y for the simultaneous equations below.

(a) 3x + 2y = 4 4x + 3y = 5

(b) 5 = 2y - x 2x + 3y - 4 = 0

## Q 4. Calculate the possible values of x.

35x2 + 2x - 3 = 0

## Q 5. Factorise to the value of x.

(a) 12x2 + x - 1 = 0

(a) 33/4 + 15/8

(c) /8  2/15
5

(d) 16
/27  4/9

## Q 2. Solve the following

(a) 4  6 (8 - 5)

(c) 3 + (8  4)

(d) 54  63

(e)

(f)

(g)

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 40

(c) the volume of a cone having a vertical height 4cm and radius 2cm.

(d) Calculate the volume of a prism with a regular triangle cross section having
a base of 200mm; vertical height 450mm and the length of the prism is
700mm. Give your answer in cubic metres.

Q 4. Transpose:

a. b.

c.

## Q 6. Solve the following simultaneous equations

3x - 2y = 4 5 + 3x = 3y

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 41

Q 7. State the value of x when y = 3 for the formula below:

3y = 5x2 - 7

5X2 - 2X - 3 = 0

## Q 9. Expand the brackets for the formula below:

(2x + 3) (3x - 5)

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 42

3.5. MATHS REVISION 3

Q 1. Solve:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

## (d) 12527  31

Q 3. Solve:

(a) 3  2 4  1

1 1 5 1
(b) 4     
 2 4 8 2

(c) 2 + (6  5)

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 43

(a) 75  72

(b)

(c)

(d)

Q 5. Calculate the:

## (c) volume of the cube of side 3m.

Q 6. Transpose:

(a) v = u + at (for t)

## (b) E = 1/2mv2 (for m)

(c) a2 = b2 + c2 (for c)

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 44

3x + 2y = 6 y + 2x = 4

## Issue 1 - 1 Sept 2001 Page 45

4. ARITHMETIC - ANSWERS

## Q1 a 3548 b 116807 c 1667 d 2634

e 22105 f - 281 g 139095 h 3284985
i 674982 j 1842 k 625 l 3091

Q2
a three thousand, five hundred and forty eight
b one hundred and sixteen thousand, eight hundred and seven
c one thousand, six hundred and sixty seven
d two thousand, six hundred and thirty four
e twenty two thousand, one hundred and five
f minus two hundred and eighty one
g one hundred and thirty nine thousand and ninety five
h three million, two hundred and eighty four thousand, nine hundred and
eighty five

Q3 a 34 b 39 c 12 d 41
e 13 f 15 g -1 h 9
i 8 j 13 k 10 l 57
m 7 n 35 o 74 p 15
q 11 r -16 s 20

Q4 a 24 b 60 c 12 d 24
e 40 f 100 g 160 h 120
i 420 j 5040

Q5 a 4 b 12 c 5 d 13
e 6 f 14
Q6

11 1 1 5
a 1 b 1 c 4 d 
20 4 6 24
1 3 10 24
e f g h
8 14 21 35
33 2 1
i j 2 k 1 l 6
110 3 5

Q7

## a 0.500 b 0.600 c 0.125 d 0.600

e 0.875 f 0.750 g 0.714 h 0.512
i 0.667 j 0.250 k 2.125 l 4.938
m 13.041 n 11.313 o 10.867 p 0.133
q 0.042 r 0.878 s 2.475 t 0.513
u 2.263 v 3.850 w 8.719 x 3.310
y 0.042 z 8.250

Q8

(a) 100,000,000

(b) 20,000

1
(c)
1000

(d) 0.002365W

(e) 000000006F

(f) 589
(g) 0.653V

(h) 0227

(i) 800

(j) 427

(k) 0000938

(l) 001

(m) 10

(n) 00161

(o) 187

(p) 16500 

(q) 250000V

(r) 00403V

(s) 0000385

(t) 6180m

(u) 0.5

(v) 0.73

(w) 0.235

(x) 0.0325

(y) 0.007
(z) 1.1175

Q9

(a) 138.9375

(b) 2.2821

Q10

A = 29 mm B = 79 mm

Q11

## (c) 2 & 21 3 & 14 6&7 42 & 1

Q12 a 2; 3; 4; 6; 12.

## b 12; 18; 24.

Q13 12; 15; 18; 21; 24; 27; 30; 33; 36; 39.

Q14 a 2; 2; 2; 3.

b 2; 2; 3; 3.

c 2; 2; 2; 7.

d 2; 2; 3; 11.

Q17 203 Q18 90

## Q19 20 Q20 2014mm

Q21

A b B b C a D a E c

F b G c H c I c J a

Q22

i True j True

Q23

## i True j True k False

Q24

A b B a C b D a

E c F b G a H c

I b J c

Q25

A b B a C c D a

E b F c G c H a

I b J b K b L c
Q26

a -3 b -3 c 3 d 3

e -2 f -1 g 2 h -1

i -2 j 12 k -1 l -2

m -8 n -3

Q27

## f False g False h True i True j True

Q28

(a) - = - = + 2 = 2

(b) 354

710
(c) = 78
72

(d) =

Q29

(a) 211
(b) 98

(c) n3

(d) 311

(e) 6-3

(f) 104

(g) 23

(h) 3-4

(i) m4

(j) x-3

(k) 912

(l) y-6

(m) t8

(n) c14

(o) 9-9

(p) 7-½

(q) b10

(r) 5-9

Q30

(a) 8
(b) 1

(c)

(d) 8

(e)

(f) 100

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j) 3

(k) 7

(l) 25

(m) 7

(n) 3

(o)

Q31

(a) 531441

(b) 125

(c) 343

(d) 256
(e) 01

(f) 004

(g) 0012345

Q32

(a) 9

(b) 3979

(c) 3

(d) 2400

(e) 14697

(f) 16

(g) 1

(h) 5

Q33

(e) 745
(f) 125  10-6

Q34

(a) 13

(b) -8

(c) 1291

Q35

(a)

(b) 25

(c) 256

(d) 125

(e) 5

Q36

(c) 636  10

Q37

(a) 0002736
(b) 17645

(c) 00000127654

(d) 498787

(e) 28934

(f) (28776)

Q38

## (d) 20  10-4 F

Q39

(a) 6

(b) 4

(c) 7

(d) 3¼

Q40

(a) 210

(b) 33
(c) 47

(d) 26

(e) 39

(f) 2-1

(g) 32

(h) 44

(i) 51

(j) 1

(k) 66

(l) 212

(m) 38

(n) 44

(o) 33

(p) 24

(q) 25

(r) 31

(s) 42

(t) 1

(u) 41

(v) 55

(w) 2-1
Q41

(a) 35

(b) 36

(c) 33

(d) 33

(e) 34

(f) 30

(g) 32

(h) 33

(i) 34

(j) 36

(k) 39

(l) 31

(m) 33

(n) 32

(o) 36

(p) 34

(q) 30

Q42

(a) x1/2

(b) x4/5
(c) x-1/2

(d) x-1/3

(e) x-4/3

(f) x-3/2

(g) x2/3

(h) x0075

(i) x2/3

(j) x1/3

(k) x1/3

(l) x

Q43

(a) 5

(b) 2

(c) 2

(d) 2

(e) 4

(f) 125

(g) 8

(h) 27
(i) 2

(j) 4

(k) 016

(l) 0125

(m) 003175

(n) 64

(o) 3

Q44

(a) a-13/6

(b) a-11/3

(c) x4.5

(d) b1/2

(e) m7/4

(f) z2/3

(g) 1

(h) n-5/2

(i) y1/4

(j) n1/4

(k) x11/14

(l) t-2/3
5. ALGEBRA ANSWERS

Q1 Algebra 1
(a) 18x

(b) 2x

(c) -3x

(d) -6x

(e) -5x

(f) 5x

(g) 9a

(h) 12m

(i) 5b2

(j) ab

(k) 14xy

(l) -3x

(m) -6x2

(n) 7x - 3y + 6z

## (r) -04a2b2 - 12a3 - 55b3

(s) 10xy

(t) 12ab

(u) 12m

(v) 4pq
(w) –xy

(x) 6ab

(y) -24mn

(z) -12ab

(aa) 24pqr

(bb) 60abcd

(cc) 2x

(dd)

(ee)
a
(ff) /b

(gg) 2a/b

(hh) 2b

(ii) 3xy

(jj) -2ab

(kk) 2ab

(ll)

(mm)a2

(nn) -b2

(oo) -m2

(pp) p2

(qq) 6a2

(rr) 5x2

(ss) –15q2

(tt) -9m2

(uu) 9pq2
(vv) –24m3n4

(ww) -21a3b

(xx) 10q4r6

(yy) 30mnp

(zz) -75a3b2

Q2 Algebra 2

(a) True

(b) True

(c) False

(d) True

(e) True

(f) False

(g) True

(h) True

(i) True

(j) False

(k) True

(l) True

(m) True

(n) False

(o) False

(p) True

(q) False

(r) True

(s) False
(t) True

(u) True

(v) False

(w) False

(x) True

(y) True

(z) False

(aa) False

(bb) True

(cc) False

(dd) True

(ee) True

(ff) False

(gg) True

(hh) True

(ii) True

(jj) True

(kk) False

(ll) False

(mm)True

(nn) False

6. Remove Brackets

(a) 6Y -3X
(b) a

(c) m + mn

(e) 2X + Y

(f) X + 2XY

(g) X

(h) 8X + 1

(i) 2Y

## (i) 10b2 - 19bj + 6j2

(j) 6p2 - 9pq - 15q2

8. Factorise

(a) 4 (X - Y)

(b) 4X (1 - 2Y)

(c) X (a + b + c)

(d) 5 (a - 2b + 3c)

(e) 2r

(f) ab (b2 - a)

(h) Io (I + t)

## (i) a (2a - 3b + a2b)

(j)

9. Equations

(a) b

(b) a

(c) c

(d) a

(e) b

(f) b

(g) c

(h) c
(i) c

(j) a

10. Equations 1

(a) n = 9

(b) n = 16

(c) Y = 6

(d) X = 18

(e) X = 0

(f) X = 6

(g) n = 4

(h) X = 2

(i) Y = 7

(j) X = 18

(k) c = 2

(l) p = 5

(m) t = 2

(n) a = 5

(o) m =
11. Substitution into Equations

12. X =

13. X = 0

14. X = -32

15. X = 6

16. X = 32

## 17. Find the Value of the Stated Item

(a) m = 160

(b) r = 2

(c) R1 = 4

(d) a = 30

(e) C = 2

Q3 Equations 2
(a) 5

(b) 7

(c) 2

(d) 20

(e) –3

(f) 3

(g) 6
(h) 12

(i) 2

(j) 3

(k) 4

(l) –2

(m) –1

(n) 4

(o) 2

(p) 6

(q) 2

(r) -8

(s) 6

(t) 5

(u) 3

(v) 5

(w) -

(x) 2

(y)

(z) –2

(aa) –15

(bb)

(cc) -15

(dd)

(ee) 1

(ff) 25
(gg) 6

(hh) 42

(ii) –70

(jj)

(kk) 13

(ll) -10

(mm)

(nn)

(oo)

(pp) 35

(qq) 20

(rr) 13

(ss) –53

(tt) 4

(uu)

(vv) 3

(ww)

(xx)
18. Equations 3

a True b False

c True d True

e False f False

g False h False

i True j True

k False l True

m False n False

o False p True

q False r False

s True t False

u True v False

w False x False

19.

(a) a

(b) c

(c) b

(d) b

(e) a and b
20. Transposition of Formula

(a) R =

(b) F = P  A

(c) D =

(d)  =

(e) F

(f)  =

(g) m = v  s

(h) V2 =

(i) T2 =

(j) f =

(k) C =

(l) h =

(m) V2 =

(n) s =

(o) T =

(p) r =

(q) d = 2

(r) v =

(s) v =

(t) a =

(u) s =

(v) F = C  + 32

(w) g =
(x) r =

(y) h =

(z)

(aa)  =

(bb) x = 1

(cc) CD =

(dd) R2 =
Q4 Transpose

(a) C/

(b) S/n

(c) c/p

(d) A/r

(e)

(f)

(g) a/X

(h)

(i) ax

(j)

(k)

(l)

(m)

(n)

(o)

(p)

(q)

(r)

(s) 5 (y - 17)

(t) +1

(u)

(v)

(w) R
(x) c (R + r)

(y) -r

(z) 2Cp + n

(aa) D -

(bb)

(a) X-5

(b) 3a + 8b

(c) 5x + y + z

(d) 2(J + b)

(h)

(i)

(j) a(m - a)

(c) 52 / 82 / 46

(h) 90p, 180p

## (i) 25 l/min and 50 l/m

Q5 Simultaneous Equations

(c) x = 1 y = 1

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 4 and 5

(c) 4 and 1

(d) 7 and 3

(e) and

(f) 7 and 10

(g) 3 and 2

(h) 5 and 2

## (d) £080 and £160

(e) 3 and 7
(f) 03 and 02 Effort = 47

(h) 15 and 12

(i) 9 and 7

(j) 40 and 75

(a) C

(b) A

(c) B

(d) D

(e) C

## 26. Quadratic Equations

(a) x = - or +5
(b) x = + or -3
(c) x = - or +7
(d) x = - or -
(e) x = - or -5
(f) x = - or +2
(g) x = + or -2
(h) x = - or -2
(i) x = + or +1
(j) x = + or +11
(k) x = + or -
(l) x = - or +2
(m) x = + or -
(n) x = - or +1
(o) x = + or +2
(p) x = - or +
(q) x = -2 or +7
(r) P = +1 or -
(s) x = +2 or -2
(t) x = 0 or +3
27. GEOMETRY AND REVISION ANSWERS
Q 1. Trigonometric Ratios
(a) 0.6018
(b) 0.1736
(c) 0.6018
(d) 0.3421
(e) 0.5095
(f) 0.8912
(g) 0.8068
(h) 0.5484

Q 2. Triangles
(a) 0.8
(b) 0.6
(c) 1.3333
(d) 0.6
(e) 0.8
(f) 0.6

Q 3. Triangle XYZ
(a) 0.9231
(b) 0.3846
(c) 2.4
(d) 0.4167
(e) 0.9231

Q 4. Quadrant Conventions
(a) 2nd
(b) 1st
(c) 3rd
(d) 2nd
(e) 3rd
Q 5. Quadrant Geometry (no calculators)
(a) 0.6018
(b) -0.6018
(c) 0.6018
(d) -0.6018
(e) 0.6018
(a) -0.6018

## (c) Horizontal 2.158 m/s2 Vertical 2.08 m/ s2

Q 7. Convert to Radians
(a) 1.3089
(b) 1.0995
(c) 2.3561
(d) 5.1312
(e) 3.9968

Q 8. Convert to degrees
(a) 236.06º
(b) 42.39º
(c) 101.41º
(d) 317.41º
(e) 240º
Q 9. Convert the Following
(a) 52.36 rads/s
(b) 376.99 rads/s
(c) 31.42 rads/s
(d) 6.37 revs/s
(e) 4774.65 rpm

Q 10. 35 rads/s
Q 11. 18334.65 degrees
Q 12. 17 cms
Q 13. 40 mm
Q 14. 50 cm
Q 15. 5.196 cm
Q 16. Yes

Maths Revision
Q 1. Solve
(a) 51/125
(b) 166
(c) 2/3
(d) 7%
(e) 2.67 revs

## Short Progress Test

Q 1. 5936.058
Q 2. 1.3179m3

Q 3. Simultaneous Equations
(a) x = 2, y = -1
(b) y = 2, x = -1
Q 4. 0.68 or - 1.25
Q 5. Factorise
(a) X = ¼ or - 1/3
(b) X = - ½ or - 1½

(a) 5 3/8
(b) 2 11/16
(c) 1/12
(d) 1 1/3
(e) 19.925
(f) 159.04
(g) 273.728
(h) 13.067

(a) 72
(b) 113 13/56
(c) 35
(d) 135000
(e) 9.45 x 10-3
(f) 1296
(g) 512

## Q 3. Calculate the following

(a) 18.849
(b) 87.965
(c) 16.757m3
(d) 31.5 x 10-3 m3