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with a little bit about Jesus' life tacked on the beginning. - Christology - the identity of Jesus. Demons call him the Son of God, the name seems to imply his glory as God's son. Jesus is clearly divine, as one sent of God in his majesty. And yet, he also presents Jesus in a way that none of the other gospels do. If you compare Mark, he presents Jesus as not only of glory, but also as one who is extremely human. So human that sometimes you feel a little uncomfortable. Jesus has to deal with emotions, and those emotional Jesus passages are unique to Mark. (Mark 3:5, Jesus' detailed emotion is unique to Mark, although the story occurs in Matthew and Luke. Mark 8:12, Jesus' frustration. Mark 1:14, indignant at the disciples. Mark 14:33, his distress the night before his crucifixion) - Even though Mark has less teaching in his gospel, Jesus is clearly portrayed as a teacher. Luke Luke and Acts have similar styles, very complicated, educated Greek. - Luke is a Gentile, all the rest of them are Jews, and the significant part of that is that Luke's gospel is very concerned with Gentile issues. He wants to show that the gospel was always intended for the Gentile. That the gospel would go to the gentiles isn't an afterthought in God's plan, but it's been the plan from the very beginning. - What Christ has done has not been an affront to the Roman Empire. They're not committing treason as some people thought. - Luke addresses inequity between social categories (slave/free, male/female, Jew/Gentile). He spends a lot of time referencing the barriers between people and making sure to emphasize that there are no barriers in the gospel. (Jews/Gentiles, Good news to the poor, the Holy Spirit) Themes - Jews/Gentiles - Luke 2:32. Luke 3:4 - This passage is in the other gospels, but the other gospels only say that John's ministry is to prepare the way to the Lord and leave out the parts about making things equal and bringing salvation to everyone. The genealogy in Luke goes back to God, not just to Abraham, signifying that the salvation came for the entire human race, not just descendants of Abraham. - Good news to the poor - the immoral woman, the publican, Zaccheus (even though he was rich, people hated him). No class of people on this earth has a monopoly on morals. Luke includes the story of the Good Samaritan, the thankful leprous Samaritan. Luke (and Jesus) warns against wealth because of what it does to people, but he wasn't against wealth itself. Luke also mentions Jesus' female followers and supporters. In a Jewish society, that's not good. These women, especially if they were unmarried, were not supposed to be traveling with Jesus' followers.
Where the other gospels refer to the "desolating sacrilege" when Jerusalem is destroyed, but Luke says it's "when Jerusalem's surrounded by armies." This dates the book around sometime in the 80s. Mark in the 60s, Matthew in the 70s, and Luke in the 80s. John Dating - John would've been really old when he wrote it, probably sometime in the 90s. Others say it was written in the 200s, but some early texts disprove that theory. Themes - Christology - John 1:1 - emphasis on the Word. Progressive revelation - God reveals things over time John 14 - Whoever has seen Jesus has seen God. - Jesus is the one who gives the Spirit.