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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE

PRACTICES
Revision

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HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE PRACTICES
1. General
A. To pressurize the hydraulic system A, three methods can be
used: hydraulic service cart, system B using electric motor-
driven pumps, or system A engine-driven pump. Pressurizing the
A system will supply hydraulic power to the rudder, aileron,
spoiler system, flaps and landing gears. Isolate or tag systems
not being tested to prevent injury to personnel or damage to
airplane and equipment. Engine No. 1 and 2 pump switches
located on the third crewmans panel (P4), are normally in the
ON position during all ground maintenance activities except
when actually testing the pump depressurization valve and
electrical circuit. When switches are placed in the OFF
position, the depressurization valve solenoids are energized
and the pumps are depressurized. Switches must be returned to
the ON position after completing operational test of the pump
depressurization valve.
B. Should fluid spill on airplane, decontaminate (Ref Chapter 12 ,
Cleaning and Washing).
2. Pressurize Hydraulic System A
A. Equipment and Materials
(1) Hydraulic Service Cart - BMS 3-11, 0 to 3000 psi
(2) Nose Gear Ground Lockpin (Ref 32-00-11 ).
B. Pressurize Hydraulic System A (Hydraulic Service Cart)
(1) Install nose landing gear ground lockpin (Ref 32-00-11 ).
(2) Pressurize hydraulic system A by connecting hydraulic
service cart to engine No. 1 or 2 disconnects (Fig. 201).
(a) Check that both FLUID SHUTOFF SW are in the OPEN
position, and that the FIRE SW for engines No. 1 and
2 are in the NORMAL position.
(b) Open SYSTEM A SHUTOFF VALVE ENG. NO. 1 and SYSTEM A
SHUTOFF VALVE ENG. NO. 2 circuit breaker on panel
P6.

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(c) Disconnect electrical connector from each hydraulic


supply shutoff valve. Check that both hydraulic
supply shutoff valve position indicators are in the
OPEN position.
CAUTION : THE HYDRAULIC SUPPLY SHUTOFF VALVES MUST
BE KEPT OPEN DURING PRESSURIZATION.

(d) Open engine No. 1 lower strut panel 5401 or engine


No. 2 cowling.
(e) Disconnect hydraulic pressure and supply lines at
engine disconnect and connect service cart pressure
and supply lines to fittings.
(f) Pressurize hydraulic system A.
(g) Determine if there is any further need for
hydraulic pressure on airplane. If not remove
hydraulic service cart and restore airplane to
normal configuration. Tighten pressure line to
360-480 pound-inches and supply line to 420-540
pound-inches.
(h) Remove nose landing gear ground lockpin if no
further maintenance is to be done (Ref 32-00-11 ).
(3) Pressurize hydraulic system A with hydraulic service cart
connected to system B.
CAUTION : WHEN PRESSURIZING SYSTEM A WITH SERVICE CART
CONNECTED IN SYSTEM B, THE FLOW-RATE SHOULD
NOT EXCEED 20 GPM.

(a) Check that nose gear lockpin is installed (Ref


32-00-11 ).
(b) Open the INTERCONNECT-GROUND circuit breaker on
circuit breaker panel P6.
(c) Disconnect electrical connector from ground
interconnect valve.
(d) Position the manual override lever on the ground
interconnect to OPEN.

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(e) Pressurize hydraulic system A with hydraulic


service cart connected to system B (Ref 29-12-0,
Maintenance Practices ).
(f) Determine if there is any further need for
hydraulic pressure on airplane. If not, remove
service cart and restore system to normal
configuration.
(g) Remove nose landing gear ground lockpin if no
further maintenance is to be done (Ref 32-00-11 ).

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

Hydraulic Component Location


Figure 201 (Sheet 1) (Sheet 1)

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

Hydraulic Component Location


Figure 201 (Sheet 2) (Sheet 2)
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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

C. Pressurize Hydraulic System A (System B Electric Motor-Driven


Pump)
CAUTION : 250 GALLONS (1625 POUNDS; 725 KILOGRAMS) OF FUEL IS
REQUIRED IN THE NO. 1 FUEL TANK TO PROVIDE HYDRAULIC
FLUID COOLING. IF AIRPLANE IS IN NORMAL GROUND
ATTITUDE + 1 DEGREE, 200 GALLONS (1300 POUNDS; 614
KILOGRAMS) OF FUEL IS ADEQUATE.

(1) Install nose landing gear ground lockpin (Ref 32-00-11 ).


(2) Provide electrical power to airplane and close PUMP
CONTROL SYS B NO. 1 or SYS B NO. 2 and INTERCONNECT
GROUND circuit breakers on panel P6-4.
(3) On the third crewman's panel position GRD INTERCONNECT
switch to OPEN and HYDRAULIC SYSTEM B ELEC PUMP 1 or ELEC
PUMP 2 switch to ON.
(4) When requirements are complete, turn off pump and close
interconnect valve.
(5) Determine whether there is any further need for
electrical power on airplane. If not, remove electrical
power.
(6) Remove nose landing gear ground lockpin if no further
maintenance is to be done (Ref 32-00-11 ).
D. Pressurize Hydraulic System A (System A Engine Driven Hydraulic
Pump)
CAUTION : AT LEAST 300 GALLONS (1950 POUNDS; 870 KILOGRAMS) OF
FUEL IS REQUIRED IN THE NO. 3 FUEL TANK TO PROVIDE
HYDRAULIC FLUID COOLING.

(1) Install nose landing gear ground lockpin (Ref 32-00-11 ).


(2) Pressurize hydraulic system, using engine No. 1 or 2 (Ref
71-00 , MP).
NOTE : Hydraulic system A may be pressurized sufficiently
for check by motoring the engine, or components
may be checked following an engine run.

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(3) Determine whether there is any further need for hydraulic


pressure on airplane. If not, shut down engine (Ref
71-00 , MP).
(4) Remove nose landing gear ground lockpin if no further
maintenance is to be done (Ref 32-00-11 ).
3. Depressurize Hydraulic System A
A. General
(1) Prior to depressurizing hydraulic system A, ascertain
that no hydraulic pressure is being supplied to the
system. The ground interconnect valve must be kept in
CLOSED position to isolate hydraulic system A from
hydraulic system B.
(2) To depressurize hydraulic system A, a flight control
system is actuated.
(3) To ascertain that there is no pressure in hydraulic
system A return lines, system A hydraulic reservoir
should be depressurized.
B. Depressurize Hydraulic System A (Cycling the rudder)
(1) When using a flight control system to depressurize system
A, it is recommended to use rudder control system for its
larger actuator. Cycling any control system until control
surfaces no longer respond hydraulically will
depressurize hydraulic system A.
(2) The upper and lower power units, and the standby
actuator, are each connected to valve rod cranks by shear
pins. The following precautions should be observed to
prevent accidental damage to the shear pins.
CAUTION : WITH POWER OFF AND RUDDERS HELD TO ONE SIDE,
DO NOT APPLY FORCE IN EXCESS OF 150 POUNDS TO
MOVE RUDDER PEDALS IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION.
DURING MAINTENANCE ON POWER UNITS AND LINKAGE,
AVOID FORCES ON VALVE RODS AND CRANKS WHICH
MIGHT DAMAGE SHEAR PINS.

4. Pressurize System A Hydraulic Reservoir


A. Equipment and Materials
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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(1) Regulated source of clean dry air - 0- to 50-psi maximum


pressure
B. Pressurize System A Reservoir
(1) Open access panel 3901 (Fig. 201).
(2) Connect air source to charging valve and pressurize to 45
+5 psi.
(3) Remove air source.
(4) Close access panel.
5. Depressurize System A Hydraulic Reservoir (Fig. 201)
A. Open hydraulic access door 3901.
B. Open reservoir bleed valve and allow reservoir to depressurize.
CAUTION : IF MANUALLY-OPERATED PUSHBUTTON TYPE VALVE IS
INSTALLED, OPERATE VALVE BY PUSHING BUTTON IN TO
DISENGAGE STOP DETENT AND THEN ROTATE
COUNTERCLOCKWISE 90 DEGREES BY HAND TO OPEN POSITION
(LABELED 0 ON VALVE BODY).
PUSHBUTTON TYPE VALVE MUST BE HAND OPERATED. USE OF
TOOLS OF ANY KIND TO ROTATE PUSHBUTTON MAY RESULT IN
DAMAGE TO VALVE.

C. Close valve and close hydraulic access door.


6. Flush Hydraulic System A (Preferred)
A. General
(1) A container will be necessary to catch hydraulic fluid
when disconnecting or removing hydraulic components or
lines to facilitate flushing procedures. Take necessary
precautions to prevent spilling hydraulic fluid on
airplane. Should any fluid spill on airplane
decontaminate (Ref 12-40-0 ).
B. Flush Hydraulic Pressure Line Between Hydraulic System A
Modular Unit and Applicable Engine Driven Hydraulic Pump.
(1) Equipment and Materials
(a) Adapter, union 3/8

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(2) Depressurize hydraulic System A. Refer to paragraph 3.


(3) Depressurize System A Hydraulic reservoir. Refer to
paragraph 5.
(4) Open applicable engine right cowl panel.
(5) Check that the PUMP VALVES ENGINE 1 & 2 circuit breaker
on panel P6-4 is open.
(6) Disconnect electrical connector.
(7) Disconnect hydraulic pressure line from engine-driven
hydraulic pump, and put the line end into a container.
(8) Unscrew the applicable flushing plug from the system A
modular unit, (figure 202), and connect a pressure hose
to modular unit flushing plug cavity using adapter
fitting.
(9) Remove applicable filter bowl and filter element.
(10) Temporarily install pressure filter bowl (without
element) into modular unit.
(11) Flush hydraulic pressure line from system A modular unit
to applicable hydraulic pump by forcing fluid into
pressure line.
NOTE : Flushing will be more thorough if fluid is forced
to move quickly through line. Flushing should be
continued until flushing fluid shows no
contamination.

(12) Connect hydraulic pressure line to engine-driven


hydraulic pump.
(13) Remove pressure hose and adapter fitting from modular
unit and install flushing plug. Tighten flushing plug to
110 pound-inches torque and lockwire.
(14) Remove filter bowl installed in step (10). Thoroughly
clean filter bowl and filter element removed in step (9).
NOTE : The most effective means of cleaning metallic
filter elements is the ultrasonic method.

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

(15) Install pressure filter. Refer to 29-11-62 , System A


Hydraulic Pressure Filter.
(16) Connect pump electrical connector.
(17) Close circuit breakers opened in step 5.
(18) Pressurize hydraulic system A. Refer to paragraph 2.
(19) Check for hydraulic leaks.
(20) Close access panel.
(21) If there is no further need for hydraulic pressure or
electrical power on airplane, depressurize system and
remove electrical power.

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

Hydraulic System A Modular Unit Flushing Plugs


Figure 202 (Sheet 1)

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B727 AMM - HYDRAULIC SYSTEM A - MAINTENANCE
PRACTICES
Revision

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7. Flush Hydraulic System A (Optional)
A. General
(1) The following procedure is provided to flush the
hydraulic system after replacement of a failed engine-
driven hydraulic pump.
(2) If, following this procedure, severe contamination is
suspected due to a collapsed filter element, the case
drain filter element should again be replaced after one
week of normal operation. After two months of operation,
all system filter elements should be replaced.
(3) If fluid contamination exists from a chemical source, the
fluid and filter elements should be replaced.
B. Flush Hydraulic System
(1) Depressurize hydraulic system A.
(2) Replace applicable case drain filter element (Ref
29-11-41, Maintenance Practices ).
(3) Replace applicable system A pressure filter element (Ref
29-11-62 , Servicing).
(4) Replace system A return filter elements (Ref 29-11-102,
Maintenance Practices ).
(5) Pressurize hydraulic system A using engine-driven (Ref
29-11-0 , par. 2.).
(6) Cycle all hydraulic subsystems (except landing gear) at
least six times at maximum rate.
(7) Replace applicable case drain filter element and system A
pressure filter element with clean elements.
(8) Restore system to normal configuration.

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