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Science Education and Teaching

IMPROVING STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT FOR ILLUSTRATIVE WORKSHEETS: AN ALTERNATIVE


SCIENCE IN GRADE SEVEN USING STRATEGIC TOOL FOR ENHANCING PROBLEM SOLVING
INTERVENTION MATERIALS (SIM) SKILLS IN PHYSICS

Bernard Nino Q. Membrebe * Ivy Baclay-Lagamon


bernard.membrebe@gmail.com ivydbaclay@yahoo.com
Eastern Visayas State University De La Paz National High School
Tacloban City, Philippines
The purpose of this study was to determine the
Aiselle Jassen B. Anadia effectiveness of using illustrative worksheets as
aiselle_24@yahoo.com a tool for enhancing problem solving skills in
Leyte National High School, Tacloban City Physics of Fourth Year Students in Fourth
Congressional District of Iloilo Academic Year
The main concern of this study was to prepare, 2013-2014. Quasi-experimental research design
validate and test the effectiveness of the was used for this study. The results of the tests
Strategic Intervention Materials (SIM) as an were subjected to both descriptive and
instructional material in science for grade seven. inferential statistics using the SPSS computer
Two grade seven heterogeneous science classes software. Inferential statistics were set at .05
were used in determining the effectiveness of level of significance. The study revealed a “fair”
the Strategic Intervention Materials (SIM). performance on the pre-test scores of the
Findings revealed that there were significant students in problem solving skills in Physics on
differences obtained on the level of academic the control and experimental group before the
achievement (pre- and post-test results) on the intervention and the difference was statistically
two methods (conventional and SIM). Also, there not significant. The students’ performance in the
is a significant difference to the two methods in post-test in the control group was interpreted as
improving the academic achievement of grade “satisfactory” and “very satisfactory”
seven students. Apparently, the effect of the use performance for experimental group. The study
of the strategic intervention material to the also revealed that there was a significant
profile of grade seven students shows no difference in the post-test of the control and
significant difference on the academic experimental group. The experimental group
achievement (post-test), thus, the three was given an intervention using the illustrative
variables on the profile of the students, namely: worksheets.
its gender, the general average and the reading
comprehension does not affect the level of Keywords: Illustrative worksheets, performance,
academic achievement of the students on the problem solving skills
SIM group. The study suggests that the Strategic
Intervention Material (SIM) developed can be
adopted as instructional material for the
improvement in teaching science, to facilitate
and carry out the three way process of learning,
most importantly to improve achievement of the
students.

Keywords: Strategic intervention materials,


achievement, science, grade seven

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 38


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
SCIENCE CONCEPTS AND PRACTICES OF THE REFLECTIVE SCIENCE JOURNAL WRITING: AN
IRAYA TRIBE INSTRUCTIONAL TOOL TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’
SKILLS IN PLOTTING AND INTERPRETING
Kristent Leo D. Tuscano MOTION GRAPHS
Ktuscano1@gmail.com
Lourdes M. Medrano
Occidental Mindoro National High School
medlourdes123@gmail.com
Urdaneta City National High School
The study was undertaken as an attempt to Urdaneta City
determine the science concepts and practices
of the Iraya tribe of Sitio Calomintao and to This study aimed to enhance students’ skills in
match the science concepts with applied in plotting and interpreting motion graphs through
their practices in the areas of livelihood, food, the use of Reflective Science Journal Writing
and health of the Iraya tribe to the standard (RSJW). The subjects of the study were the IV-
scientific concepts. Results showed that there Xenon students of the Urdaneta City National
was a match between the science concepts High School, S.Y 2014-2015. Rubrics were used in
applied in the practices of the key informants in the assessment of the students’ reflective
the areas of livelihood, food, and health and the science journal, laboratory activities and
standard scientific concepts used in the K-12 achievement tests. Findings revealed that
science curriculum. The following are the students through their RSJW, understand the
guiding principles or inputs to the localized topic on graphing motion and learned to focus
curriculum for the Iraya tribe: learning is an on the significant points of the lesson. The
active process which the learner uses sensory students found the lessons clear because the
input and constructs meaning out of it; people important principles and processes in
learn to learn as they learn; learning involves plotting/graphing data were discussed. The
language; learning is a social activity; and students were also became attentive and active
learning is contextual. The localized science in the class discussion because everyone was
curriculum for the Iraya was facilitated using free to interact and express his/her opinion in
contextual learning approach and was based on their own dialect or mother tongue. They were
the sound educational pedagogy called no longer afraid to express their own ideas, and
constructivism. The integration of the practices learned to defend their answers. RSJW also
of the Iraya tribe in terms of livelihood, food, encouraged them to ask questions and realized
and health to the localized curriculum that graphing and analyzing motion graph is not
promoted a strong link between scientific as difficult as what they thought. Students
literacy and keeping their cultural uniqueness, verbalized that they have developed better skills
including their technology intact. in graphing gathered data on speed, velocity and
acceleration. The reflective journal also helped
Keywords: guiding principles of constructivism
the students enhance their graphing skills, in
keeping records of their own learnings and
practiced analyzing by thinking about the
questions they wanted to ask in relation to the
lessons taught.

Keywords: motion, reflective, journal, graphing,


analyzing

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 39


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AMONG HIGH FACILITATING CONTENT KNOWLEDGE
SCHOOL STUDENTS OF LAMBUNAO ILOILO ACQUISITION ON FORCE AND MOTION
THROUGH STUDENT- FORMULATED MODELS
Lowe Ana Marie L. Trance
lam_ligad@yahoo.com Marie Khul C. Langub
Iloilo Science and Technology University marie.khul@gmail.com
Iloilo City, Philippines Southern Leyte State University

Joseph M. Manlunas
Environmental awareness is the key concern Bontoc National High School
nowadays because of climate change. Lots of
discussions were carried in the search for This study aimed how students’ content
appropriate approaches and solutions to knowledge in force and motion can be acquired
environmental problems. On the other hand, and enhanced through student-generated
environmental awareness should start at early models. The study made use of the quasi-
stage of education to raise concern toward the experimental design which uses pretest -
environment. This study aims to determine the posttest non-equivalent group design. A
levels of environmental knowledge and attitude questioning technique with the use of pre- and
of high school students of Lambunao, Iloilo. A post-test inventories in multiple-choice format
two-stage stratified random sampling was used was used as instruments to gather the
in choosing the samples. A validated researcher- information and data needed. Mean, Levene’s
made survey questionnaire with questions and test and T-test were used in the analysis of data.
items based on local environmental concerns of It was found out that The level of content
the municipality was utilized. Results present a knowledge for both the control group and
significant number of students having a low level experimental group before the experiment is
of environmental knowledge and that this fair; The level of content knowledge of the
knowledge affects their attitude toward their students who belong to the experimental group
environment. The results form part of efforts improved and became satisfactory after the
initiating lifelong learning for all to be able to live experiment; The null hypothesis that says there
and work toward a sustainable environment. is no significant difference in the increase on the
Also, it becomes a basis in reinforcing level of content knowledge of the control and
environmental education as being taught experimental group before and after the
through formal curriculum. experiment was rejected because the increase
on the level of content knowledge is significantly
different. It is then concluded that Student-
Keywords: Environmental awareness, formulated models intervention is very effective
environmental knowledge, environmental in improving students’ understanding of Science
attitude concepts, particulary in force and motion.

Keywords: student-formulated models, content


knowledge, student performance, force and
motion

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 40


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
TEACHER-GUIDED INDEPENDENT KNOW-WANT-LEARNED (KWL) IN AN INQUIRY-
COOPERATIVE LEARNING (ICL) SESSIONS: IT’S BASED SCIENCE CLASS
EFFECT TO STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN
SCIENCE Marie Khul C. Langub
marie.khul@gmail.com
Marites P. Torres Southern Leyte State University
metet0216@yahoo.com
Pototan National Comprehensive High School This research study aims to determine the level
West Visayas State University of retention using Know-Want-Learned (KWL)
strategy in an Inquiry-Based Science class,
In this study, 160 Grade 10 students of Pototan among developing learners. The design adopted
National Comprehensive High School were was two intact non-equivalent quasi-
group into two, where Group A did not received experimental research, pre-test, posttest,
the intervention, while Group B received the experimental and control group. The research
intervention i.e. Teacher-Guided Independent instruments used in the study were hand-outs as
Cooperative Learning. This study utilizes the Pre- learning material, KWL Chart and test
test-Post-test Control Group design. Pre-test questionnaires (pretest and posttest). For data
were given at the start of the study. The analysis Mean, Standard Deviation, Paired t-test,
intervention was implemented to determine the and Chi-square + Eta Correlation were used as
effect of Teacher-Guided ICL on Grade 10 statistical tools. Based on the result of this
students’ performance and find out whether research, the Know-Want -Learned (KWL)
there is a significant relationship between teaching Strategy in an Inquiry-Based Class
learning aids used by the students and their enhanced better retention and recalling of
performance in science. The results indicated concept in Science 7 among developing learners.
that in the duration of six weeks, students
attended the regular classes four times a week; Keywords: Inquiry, KWL, Science Class,
students have learned the science concepts, Teaching Strategy
whether the ICL is a teacher-guided or not, the
students’ scores increased significantly. The
post-test scores of Group B students, who
received the Teacher-Guided ICL intervention,
do not greatly differ from the post-test scores of
Group A students, those who did not received
intervention. The learning aids used by the
students have no significant relationship with
their performance in science. The researcher
recommends the strengthening of the ICL
program in schools.

Keywords: Teacher-guided Independent


Cooperative Learning, performance,
Cooperative Learning, Scaffolding

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 41


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
SEVEN AREAS OF AUTHENTIC SCIENTIFIC ADDRESSING CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
PRACTICES AMONG SCIENTIFICALLY GIFTED AND DISASTER PREPAREDNESS IN SIARGAO
STUDENTS ISLAND COASTAL COMMUNITIES

Angelo P. Olvido Carlos H. Donoso


angelvido26@yahoo.com Surigao State College of Technology
Philippine Science High School-WVC Del Carmen, Siargao Island, Philippines
Jaro, Iloilo City, Philippines

The sequential exploratory mixed-method The Philippines, like many of the world’s poor
design was used to qualitatively and countries, will be among the most vulnerable to
quantitatively explore PSHS-WVC scholars’ the impacts of climate change because of its
scientific practices in Biology. Sixty scholars limited resources. Thus addressing climate
participated in the qualitative phase, while 120 change and disaster preparedness of coastal
scholars took part in the quantitative phase. The communities in Siargao Island, Philippines is the
qualitative results revealed that scholars main objective of this study . Based on its results
perceived scientific practices as mediators in and findings, the study recommends the
enhancing communication skills and relations, following: Those who are at least high school
improving research skills, increasing social level need more trainings in adaptation and
/environmental awareness, developing better preparation to put their knowledge into practice.
personality, and discovering new knowledge. Education and training of the community on
Laboratory experiments, collaborative activities, climate change are the preventive measure
field trips, examinations, and teacher/peer needed by those who have not finished
consultations strengthened the scholars’ elementary education and / or are living away
scientific practices. Scholars valued scientific from the seashore and those with at least three
practices as guides in making sound judgments, family members to mitigate or reduce the risk
recollection of experiences, and future during calamities. Organize resource team and
academic/career application. The quantitative equip them w/ strategies/technique and basic
results revealed that when taken as an entire equipment and mobilize resource action.
group and classified according to various Upgrading of coastal infrastructure in
categories, scholars showed a desirable level of consideration of high water levels. Establish
scientific practices in biology. There were no construction of sea walls and dikes. Embraces
significant differences in the scholars’ scientific the eco-town framework firmly. Choose the
practices when classified according selected appropriate crops that would thrive on a
variables. The quantitative findings of the study particular season. Encourage the people to
empirically support the qualitative findings invest for insurances including their properties.
based on the scholars’ narratively revealed Relocation of coastal population and mangrove
scientific practices. regeneration.

Keywords: gifted scholars; mixed-method; Keywords: Climate change, climate change


adaptation, disaster preparedness, Siargao
scientific practices
coastal communities.

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 42


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
DIGLOSSIC TEST: AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD IN EFFECT OF SCIENCE LEARNING MODULES ON
ASSESSING STUDENT PERFORMANCE IN CONTENT MASTERY AND CONCEPTUAL
BIOLOGY UNDERSTANDING OF GRADE 9 STUDENTS

Harry R. Palmes Roly B. Bayo-Ang


ryushime_04@yahoo.com rbayoang@yahoo.com
Calinog National Comprehensive High School Batasan Hills National High School
Calinog, Iloilo
This action research utilizing quasi-experimental
study investigated the effect of science
This quantitative, quasi-experimental research
intervention modules in Filipino and in English on
aimed to investigate the effects of using diglossic
mastery of content (MOC) and conceptual
language as a form of assessment tool in
understanding of forty nine Grade 9 students.
assessing student performance in Biology. This
Analysis of content mastery scores revealed
involves 40 students divided into control and
significant difference in the mean scores of the
experimental groups. The participants were
control and experimental group, t (46) = -2.14,
assigned to either pure English type of
p<.05. The experimental group achieved an MPS
examination (control) or diglossic type of
of >75% in three of the five lessons while none in
examination (experimental) by matched-pairing
the control group. Analysis of the pretest and
according to their mean grades on English and
posttest scores of the control group in the test
Science and Technology in the first grading
for conceptual understanding (TCU) showed no
quarter. The findings of the study revealed that
significant difference, t (18), =1.44, p>.05, while
the pre-test scores of both pure English and
pretest and posttest scores of experimental
diglossic language type of assessment groups
group revealed significant difference, t (29) = -
were comparable, showing the same “Low”
5.08,p<.05. Comparison of posttest scores of
score in terms of their pre-knowledge in Biology
control and experimental group revealed no
topics. There was no significant difference
significant difference t (42) =1.67, p>.05.
between the pre-test scores of the two groups,
Performance in TCU and MOC of the control
but there was a significant difference between
group are not significantly correlated, r (17)
the posttest scores of the two groups, showing
=.307, p>.05; but significantly correlated, r (27)
diglossic type of assessment the highest of the
=.571, p<.05, for the experimental group. The
two treatments in terms of mean scores in the
intervention module in Filipino promotes
posttest. There was a significant difference in the
conceptual understanding and mastery of
mean gain between the pre-test and post test of
content than module in English.
both controlled and experimental groups, this
shows the scores of both two groups significantly
Keywords: action research, Filipino module,
increased, however the group of students
conceptual understanding, content mastery
exposed to diglossic type of assessment have a
higher mean compared to that of the latter
group after the treatment.

Keywords: Diglossic test, assessment, student


performance

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 43


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
RELATIONSHIP OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE UNDERSTANDING OF SCIENCE CONCEPTS AS
AND BIOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT OF GRADE 8 INFLUENCED BY COGNITIVE AND AFFECTIVE
STUDENTS IN VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY SKILLS OF GRADE 8 STUDENTS
LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL
Jereline D. De Pablo
Christy M. Desades jee_trick07@yahoo.com
christydesades28@gmail.com Mianay National High School
Visayas State University Mianay, Sigma, Capiz
Visca, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines

This study aimed to determine the relationship The study aimed to determine the level of
between Spiritual Intelligence and Biology cognitive and affective skills, and understanding
Achievement of 105 out of 120 Grade 8 students of science concepts of Grade 8 students of
of Visayas State University Laboratory High Mianay National High School for school year
School, Baybay City during the Academic Year 2014-2015. This survey-correlational research
2014 – 2015. This study made use of study was conducted among the 114 students.
standardized question Spiritual Intelligence Self‐ The data in this study were gathered using the
Report Inventory questionnaire (SISRI-24) by D. researcher-made test, questionnaire, and
King (2008) divided in four subscales - Critical rubrics. The independent variables were the
Existential Thinking (CET), Personal Meaning cognitive and affective skills while dependent
Production (PMP), Transcendental Awareness variable was the understanding of science
(TA), and Conscious State Expansion (CSE). The concepts of grade 8 students. The statistical
fourth quarter grade in Biology of the tools used in analyzing and interpreting the data
participants was the other variable considered. were frequency count, percentage, mean,
For descriptive statistics mean and standard standard deviation, ANOVA, and Pearson’s r. The
deviation were used, for inferential statistics, t- level of significance was set at 0.05 alpha. The
test for independent samples and Pearson r findings of the study revealed that the level of
were used, both set at 0.05 alpha level. Findings cognitive skills is “poor”; the affective skills is
of the study revealed that spiritual intelligence of “good”; the level of understanding of science
students regardless of sex and religious concepts is “satisfactory”; generally, there are
affiliation is “high” (M= 2.54; SD= 0.49). Female significant differences in the level of
students have significantly higher achievement understanding of science concepts among the
in Biology than male counterpart. Religious levels of cognitive skills, but there are no
affiliation is not a factor in Biology achievement significant differences in the level of
of participants. Pearson r test shows weak understanding of science concepts among the
relationship between Critical Existential levels of affective skills; and there are significant
Thinking-CET (r = .232; p = .017) and relationships between cognitive skills and
Transcendental Awareness-TA (r = .315; p = .001) understanding of science concepts. However,
as subscales of Spiritual Intelligence with Biology there are no significant relationships between
Achievement. affective skills and understanding of science
concepts.
Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, Biology
Achievement, Critical Existential Thinking (CET),
Transcendental Awareness (TA) Keywords: Cognitive skills, affective skills,
science concepts

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 44


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
CORRELATES OF THE PERFORMANCE OF CORRELATES OF SCIENCE PERFORMANCE
THIRD YEAR STUDENTS IN CHEMISTRY
Nicanor G. Parreño, Jr.
Myla V. Lalicon Iloilo State College of Fisheries-San Enrique
mylalalicon0131@gmail.com Campus, San Enrique, Iloilo
Mangaldan National High School
This study was primarily an investigation of the
This study determined the correlates of the relationship of diagnostic test in science,
performance in Chemistry among third year attitude towards science, grade point average
students of the Mangaldan National High School and science performance of totally enumerated
during the school year 2010-2011. The study 46 BSA 1 students of Iloilo State College of
found out that most of the respondents were Fisheries-San Enrique Campus, San Enrique,
females, belong to big families, have fathers and Iloilo, first semester school year 2014-2015. The
mothers who have undergone secondary researcher validated test was utilized in
education. These parents are skilled workers classifying students’ diagnostic test in science
whose families have low monthly income. The into different categories, attitude towards
students have favorable attitude towards science was adapted from a published attitude
Chemistry and they often practice good study naire, while the grade point average was based
habits. They also showed an average on their fourth year high school average. Science
performance in Chemistry. The students performance of the respondents was based on
perceived that the school – related which their final grade in General Biology. Frequency
includes classroom, library, chemistry laboratory were utilized as descriptive statistics and
room, laboratory apparatuses, and chemicals / Pearson’s r were the inferential statistics
reagents were highly available but the employed. Alpha level was set at .05 for two-
instructional materials and chemistry laboratory tailed tests. Results showed that BSA 1 students
set- ups were only available. As to the level of had a moderately high performance in science,
adequacy, they perceived the following school- satisfactory diagnostic test in science, positive
related to be highly adequate, this includes attitude towards science and low grade point
classroom, library, and chemistry laboratory average. No significant relationship existed
room. Other school – related that they found to between grade point average and attitude
be adequate are instructional materials, towards science, grade point average and
laboratory apparatuses, chemistry laboratory science performance, diagnostic test in science
set-ups and chemicals/ reagents. Also, the study and attitude towards science and attitude
found out that the relationship between the towards science and science performance.
level of performance in Chemistry and the Finally, significant relationship existed between
student- related variables is significant at 0.05 grade point average and diagnostic test in
level. The gender, family size, mother’s science, and diagnostic test in science and
educational attainment, father’s educational science performance.
attainment, father’s occupation and monthly
family income are factors which significantly
correlate with the performance of the students Keywords: diagnostic test, attitude,
in Chemistry. performance

Keywords: correlates, performance, student-


related variables, teacher-related variables,
school-related variables

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 45


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
ASSESSMENT OF SELF, PEER, AND GROUP IN SCIMAZING GAME’ AS AN OUTDOOR TEACHING-
COLLABORATIVE LEARNING ACTIVITIES IN LEARNING STRATEGY IN HIGH SCHOOL
SCIENCE SCIENCE

Ryan R. Tiu
Resty T. Margarse legion_rye@yahoo.com
resty_margarse@yahoo.com Eastern Samar National Comprehensive High School
Pototan National Comprehensive High Borongan City, Eastern Samar
School/West Visayas State University
Bernard Nino Q. Membrebe
bernard.membrebe@gmail.com
This descriptive-correlational study investigated Eastern Visayas State University
the assessment of the students of themselves, Tacloban City, Philippines
their peers and their groups in collaborative
learning activities, group performance and Approaches in constructivist learning point out
achievement in Science. Researcher-made on the idea of an active and experiencing learner
questionnaires, average grades in group in an environment where knowledge is not
activities and mean percentage scores (MPS) in transmitted to the learner rather constructed
the Division Unified Test were used to through activity like games. Game-based
determine the levels of assessment, group learning is a strategy that engages students in
performance, and achievement in Science, the topic, makes learning fun and motivates
respectively. Mean, weighted average mean, learning outside of the classroom. ‘Scimazing
and standard deviation were used as descriptive Game’, an outdoor game-based teaching-
statistical tools while One-Way ANOVA, t-test learning strategy was developed for a high
and Pearson’s r were employed for the school Science class to determine the outcome
inferential data analysis. All data analyses were of the achievement of the students, and allow
processed through the Statistical Package for the learners to have fun while gaining knowledge
Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results showed and skills at the same time. Using the ‘Scimazing
that there were significant differences in the Game’ strategy, results showed an increase in
achievement of students in Science when they the test results of the students. Pre- and post-
were classified according to group performance test scores of the students were also subjected
and in the group performance of the students to paired t-test and showed significant
when they were classified according to the difference. Likewise, the three variables on the
levels of assessments as revealed by rho (р) profile of the students, namely: its gender, age,
values greater than 0.05, the level of significance and general weighted average shows no
(α). Significant correlation existed between significant association on the academic
group performance and achievement in Science. achievement of the students. This result
Therefore, it is concluded that a positive attitude supports the increasing attention of utilizing
towards self, peers and group during game-based teaching-learning strategy and
collaborative learning activities determines both management as a powerful medium for teaching
a high level of group performance and a high and learning. ‘Scimazing Game’ provides a varied
level of achievement in Science. strategy and innovative resource that would
help increase the students’ academic
Keywords: self, peer and group assessment;
achievement in Science.
collaborative learning; performance;
achievement Keywords: science, game-based learning,
Scimazing game, achievement

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 46


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS AND PHYSICS STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE WITH ICT
PERFORMANCE OF BS MATHEMATICS INTEGRATION IN SELECTED SECONDARY
STUDENTS SCHOOLS OF SURIGAO DEL SUR

Alan N. Muñoz Carolina Mojica - Rogero


anmunoz_1972@yahoo.com carolinarogero@yahoo.com.ph
Iloilo Science and Technology University Tandag Pilot Elementary School
Iloilo City, Philippines Tandag City Division, Surigao del Sur

This descriptive correlation study aimed to This study determined the students’
determine the problem solving skills and achievement in Science with ICT integration in
performance in physics of the students and the selected secondary schools of Surigao del Sur. It
relationship between them. To determine the utilized a descriptive - correlation method of
problem solving skills and physics performance research using survey questionnaire to generate
of the students, the Teacher-Made Problem the data on the sub-problems posed. The
Solving Test and rubrics developed by Muñoz research respondents who were considered in
(2014) were used in this study. The respondents this investigation comprised the teachers
were the thirty (30) third year Bachelor of handling Integrated Science, Biology, Chemistry,
Science in Mathematics, taking Physics 3 at Iloilo and Physics. It also includes the students in
Science and Technology University, Iloilo City Science who served as the respondents to
during the first semester of SY 2015-2016. triangulate the responses of the teachers.
Frequency distribution, means and standard Through a researcher- made instrument, the
deviation were used in determining the level of data of the study were generated using the SPSS
problem solving skills and problem solving software applying the following statistical
performance of the students. The Pearson- treatment Weighted Mean, Pearson Product
product moment correlation was used to Moment of Correlation or Pearson R. The result
investigate the existence and the significance showed that the Science teachers demonstrated
between variables. Results of the study revealed less mastery on the intricacies in the utilization
that both the problem solving skills and physics of ICT to integrate in science instruction as
performance of BS Math students belonged to characterized in their level of technology
the category beginning. The results suggest that competence. There was also a short fall mastery
they have not adequately developed the level of achievement of students in Science
fundamental knowledge and skills as well as core based in the Mean Percentage Scores (MPS) in
understanding of doing authentic performance the last two quarterly assessments.
task. Problem solving skills namely identifying Further analysis showed that there was no
cases, describing cases, matching cases with significant relationship that exists between the
principle, and mathematical procedures or technological competence of Science teachers
algorithm are significantly related to the and the level of achievement of students in
performance of students in physics. Further it Science.
appears that matching cases and mathematical
procedures are problem solving skills that both Keywords: Student Achievement, ICT
predict physics performance. Integration

Key words: Problem Solving Skills, Physics


Performance, Problem Solving

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 47


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015
Science Education and Teaching
IDENTIFIED LEAST MASTERED SKILLS IN SCIENCE MOTIVATION AND LEARNING
SCIENCE 6 OF THE GRADE 6 STRATEGIES AMONG NON- SCIENCE MAJORS:
PUPILS IN THE DIVISION OF VALENZUELA CITY: THE IMPACT ON BIOLOGY PERFORMANCE
BASIS FOR A PROPOSED WORKTEXT
Erma N. Nacionales *
Aniceto T. Balungcas Pelagio M. Muyong, Jr., Joann C. Gavasan
Santiago A. De Guzman Elementary School Iloilo Science and Technology University-Miagao
(Special Science) Miagao, Iloilo, Philippines
Division of City Schools- Valenzuela, Valenzuela
City, Philippines Motivation engages students in activities that
facilitate learning. The present study was
In the perception of having a deteriorating undertaken in order to determine the impact of
quality of education in the country, ways of motivation and learning strategies in Biology
uplifting it is now considered as a task among among non- science majors. The respondents of
teachers. Reasons for these hindrances in the this study were the 83 Information Technology
quality of our educational system may vary into students taking Biology at ISAT- U. Results
many factors so as with the solutions needed. showed that non-science majors were highly
This study focused on the identified least motivated to learn biology; the overall
mastered skills in science and health 6 among motivation level was the same throughout the
grade six pupils that served as a basis in semester. A significantly very high intrinsic
developing a worktext. Based on the results of motivation, high relevance in learning biology
the National Achievement Test, body systems and extrinsic motivation contributes to the
such as circulatory and nervous, carbon dioxide- overall high motivation. Average performers had
oxygen cycle, changes in matter, forces and significantly higher motivation scores than low
motion, layers of the earth, and stars were found performers, and not significantly different with
to be least mastered skills of the grade six pupils high performers. Significant effect of time was
in the Division of Valenzuela. The master found for overall motivation of performers.
teachers and science teachers are in agreement Average performers’ total motivation scores
that the proposed worktext is very highly decreased. Significant effect of time was found
acceptable in terms of objectives, organization, for metacognitive regulation and critical thinking
language and style, content, usability, adequacy skills. Science motivation were significant
and illustration. Based on the common predictors throughout the semester. Of the
assessment of the master teachers and science constructs, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation,
teachers ‘respondents, the proposed worktext in personal relevance and self-determination were
science and health 6 is very highly acceptable. significant predictors during the midterm while
The developed worktext has positive effect on assessment anxiety and self-efficacy were for
the pupils ‘performance as shown from the the final term. Among the learning strategies,
result of the pretest and posttest. Furthermore, organization, metacognitive regulation and
there is significant difference in the result of the rehearsal, often used by the students were
pretest and posttest of the pupils subjected to significant predictors of midterm grade, and
worktext in science and health 6. critical thinking and elaboration for the final
grade
Keywords: Least Mastered Skills, National
Achievement Test, Proposal Keywords: Predictors, performance, motivation,
learning strategies, Biology

3rd International Conference on Education for Sustainable Development 48


Punta Villa Resort, Arevalo, Iloilo City, Philippines, October 25-27, 2015