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technology

Electrical engineering department

Objectives:

To get acquainted with the formulation of the Ybus by reading the data

regarding the power system from an external file.

Software required:

MATLAB

Theory:

The bus admittance matrix is an n*n matrix (where n is the number of buses in

the system) constructed from the admittances of the equivalent circuit elements of the

segments making up the power system. Most system segments are represented by a

combination of shunt elements (connected between a bus and the reference node) and series

elements (connected between two system buses).

In realistic systems which contain thousands of buses, the Y matrix is quite sparse. Each bus in a

real power system is usually connected to only a few other buses through the transmission

lines. The Y Matrix is also one of the data requirements needed to formulate a power flow

study. Ybus matrix form:

The admittances Y11, Y22,... Ynn are called the self-admittances at the nodes, and each equals

the sum of all the admittances terminating on the node identified by the repeated subscripts.

The other admittances are the mutual admittances of the nodes, and each equals the negative

of the sum of all admittances connected directly between the nodes identified by the double

subscripts.

For small transmission systems of about less than 10 nodes or buses, Y matrix can be calculated

manually. But for a realistic system with relatively large number of nodes or buses, say 1000

nodes, a computer program for computing Ybus is more practical to use.

M.Zubair

Power System Analysis

Student name:------------------------------------------------------- Roll No:----------------------------Section:----

Starting from the single line diagram of a power system, there are four main

steps in creating the Y Matrix.

All voltage sources are converted to their equivalent current source representations.

The Ybus matrix itself is created. Formulation of the Ybus matrix follows two simple rules:

is added to the (k, k) entry of the admittance matrix.

added to the (j, j) and (k, k) entries of the admittance matrix. The

negative of the admittance is added to the (j, k) and (k, j) entries of the

admittance matrix.

Procedure:

S E R X B

1 2 .004 .05433 0

4 5 .006 .08 0

Where

S = Starting bus

E = Ending bus

M.Zubair

Power System Analysis

Student name:------------------------------------------------------- Roll No:----------------------------Section:----

charging (Using PI-Model)

Form the Ybus manually of the above system and write it in the space given below

Write the Ybus program in MATLAB and write the code and output in the space given

below

M.Zubair

Power System Analysis

Student name:------------------------------------------------------- Roll No:----------------------------Section:----

Precautions:

If the network is inductive then the diagonal entries should have the positive real

part and negative imaginary part.

Since the pi-model of the line is used so half of the total primitive admittance will

be attached at both the busus connected to line.

M.Zubair

Power System Analysis

Student name:------------------------------------------------------- Roll No:----------------------------Section:----

If more than one component is connected in parallel between two nodes the

equivalent primittive admittance of the components is first obtained before

determining the entry in the Ybus.

In MATLAB if i or j are used as local variable in the program then their by default

(iota) values will be overwritten and it will not be possible to introduce complex

numbers in code.

The code should be general i.e., no matter how large or small the system may be

it should be intelligent enough to do the requisite computations for the

evaluation of the right Ybus.

Assignment:

Write a code for Ybus determination for a general network which contains tap

changing transformers. Attach the code and output with the manual.

S E R X B a

1 2 .004 .05433 0 1

M.Zubair

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