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GAS POWER PLANTS

The Sheki power plant in Azerbaijan is


equipped with 10 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG
engines.

WÄRTSILÄ GAS POWER PLANTS’ BENEFITS:

• Net plant electrical efficiency over 52% • Maintenance schedule independent of the

• Fast start-up – 5 min from hot standby to full number of starts, stops or trips
plant load • Full plant output at high altitudes and in hot and
• Combined heat and power as an option dry ambient conditions

• Excellent plant availability and reduced need for • Minimal water consumption due to closed-circuit
back-up capacity due to multi-unit installation radiator cooling
• High part-load efficiency • Stepwise investment with smaller risks and
• Low gas pressure requirement optimized profit generation.

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GAS POWER PLANTS THAT
KEEP YOU IN CONTROL.

Whether you need baseload, intermediate, And as energy demand grows, the high
peaking or standby power generation, we modularity of our products makes it easy to
provide it. WÄRTSILÄ® gas engine plants are expand your power plant to meet any future
typically based on modular 4–19 MW gas changes. You can upgrade your plant at any
engine units. The engines are designed for time without risking operational reliability. After
continuous operation on natural gas or in dual- all, several smaller units are, by definition,
fuel mode (gas/oil). always more reliable than one large one.
Our gas power plants offer high output Incremental investment also ensures continual
and efficiency even in the most challenging competitiveness in today’s volatile market. So,
conditions and locations. In the hottest deserts just pay for what you need, when you need it.
or high in the mountains, in city centres Finally, our technologies are backed up
or jungles, energy output and efficiency is by world-wide operations and management
consistent and reliable, throughout the entire services that ensure efficiency and optimize
load range. And the fact that a negligible equipment reliability throughout its lifecycle.
amount of water is consumed in the process We offer true flexibility, both in fuel choice
has obvious advantages, too, particularly in dry and in our ability to respond to operational
locations. demand, and this makes Wärtsilä gas power
World-class operational flexibility with plants the solid choice in today’s power
uniquely fast starts, stops and restarts, ensures market.
perfect control over daily load fluctuations.

GAS POWER PLANTS BY WÄRTSILÄ


•• More than 700 power plants
•• More than 1800 gensets
•• Over 10 GW out there!
•• In more than 70 countries

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LIFETIME COMMITMENT

Count on our total commitment and Wärtsilä carries out deliveries ranging Wärtsilä currently operates more than 130
comprehensive range of services – from equipment supply, or equipment and plants around the world, making it the world’s
tailored to your requirements – to engineering, to complete turnkey projects leading power plant O&M contractor.
achieve the best possible performance that include engineering, procurement and If you choose to operate the plant yourself,
from your power plant investment construction. Our development and finance you can still rest assured that you have
throughout its lifecycle. group, together with a comprehensive the best possible support available when
service network, make for a complete project and where you need it – from training and
implementation, from concept and financing to online support to service packages or plant
construction and beyond. modernization and upgrading. Our global
Our range of services covers everything network of more than 11,200 professionals
from rapid spare parts delivery to complete worldwide stands ready to provide you with the
operations and maintenance solutions. By support you need, anywhere at any time.This
optimizing all aspects of the power plant’s ensures that your power plant will operate at
operations and minimizing the economic and its highest efficiency and performance levels
technological risks involved, we enhance the throughout its lifetime.
plant’s profitability. Our continuously growing
number of Operations & Management (O&M)
customers stands as proof.

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We have a track record of providing close to 43 GW of power in 165 countries.
Here are just a few examples.

CEMENTOS DIAMANTE, COLOMBIA ARKAY, INDIA


Type of customer:.....................Industry – cement Type of customer:....................................... Utility
Engine type:........................5 x Wärtsilä 18V34SG Engine type:......................10 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG
Total output:.............................................27 MW Total output:..........................................87.3 MW
Type of fuel:...................................................Gas Type of fuel:...................................................Gas
Load:....................................................Baseload Load:....................................................Baseload

COVE, TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO ALIAGA TURKEY


Type of customer:....................................... Utility Type of customer:...........................................IPP
Engine type:........................ 4 x Wärtsilä 18V50DF Engine type: .....................28 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG
Total output:.............................................64 MW Total output:...........................................244 MW
Type of fuel:...................................................Gas Type of fuel:...................................................Gas
Load:....................................................Baseload Load:......................... Baseload power generation

PLAINS END I & II, COLORADO, USA UTE LINHARES,


Type of customer:...........................................IPP LINHARES-ESPIRITO SANTO, BRAZIL
Engine type:......................20 x Wärtsilä 18V34SG Type of customer:...........................................IPP
................................... + 14 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG Engine type:......................24 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG
Total output:.................................. 113+118 MW Total output:...........................................204 MW
Type of fuel:...................................................Gas Type of fuel:...................................................Gas
Load:........................... Peaking power generation Load:........................... Peaking power generation

BONTANG, INDONESIA BARRICK, NEVADA, USA


Type of customer:....................................... Utility Type of customer:......................Industry – mining
Engine type:........................2 x Wärtsilä 16V34SG Engine type:......................14 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG
Total output:.............................................14 MW Total output:...........................................116 MW
Type of fuel:...................................................Gas Type of fuel:...................................................Gas
Load:....................................................Baseload Load:....................................................Baseload

KHACHMAZ, AZERBAIJAN SANGACHAL, AZERBAIJAN


Type of customer:....................................... Utility Type of customer:....................................... Utility
Engine type:......................10 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG Engine type:...................... 18 x Wärtsilä 18V50DF
Total output:.............................................87 MW Total output:...........................................308 MW
Type of fuel:...................................................Gas Type of fuel:...................................................Gas
Load:....................................................Baseload Load:....................................................Baseload

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Selective Catalytic Reduction unit (SCR)

Control room

Switchgear room The generating set

FLEXIBILITY IN SCOPE Modularity simplifies plant configuration to


meet each customer’s specific needs. Adding
features is a matter of adding modules which
Wärtsilä gas power plants are designed for are pretested for compatibility and reliability.
optimal performance in a wide variety of Pre-engineered, integrated solutions speed
decentralized power production applications: up the planning and delivery process, quickly
baseload, peaking power and combined heat & creating savings and added revenue.
power plants. The plant can be situated in the
midst of a densely populated area or in a remote A typical Wärtsilä gas power plant consignment
area with minimal infrastructural resources. consists of
Regardless of the plant’s location, it will be just • generating sets
as lean, clean and quiet as it should be. • mechanical auxiliary systems including the

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A Wärtsilä GasCube plant is a multiple of engine modules designed to meet a
total power need of 6–30 MW. A GasCube based on the Wärtsilä 16V34SG or
Wärtsilä 20V34SG, with all the auxiliaries and components needed to make up
a working power production unit, provides 7–9 MWe per unit. Due to the self
contained design, the GasCube is the optimal solution for agile, streamlined and
exceptionally cost effi cient project execution.
• High electrical effi ciency
• Minimization of the plant’s own electricity consumption
• Simple and reliable technical solutions
• Compact, pre-engineered plant design
• Perfect for EPC deliveries even to areas lacking infrastructure.

Compact auxiliary module Closed-loop cooling system with radiators

fuel system, lubrication, air intake, cooling, the total efficiency can reach 95%. This lowers process water consumption to almost zero,
exhaust processing and sound-proofing the production cost of electricity and increases minimizing the effect on local water resources.
• electrical systems the economic attraction of these plants. The hall design and low building profile
• automation The environmental impact of a Wärtsilä help the plant to blend in with its surroundings.
• heat recovery system in combined heat and gas plant is low. NOX emission levels fulfill the Effective sound-proofing allows the plant to
power plants majority of global emission requirements today be operated even in densely populated areas
• civil works and structures. without any secondary cleaning methods. To where the actual loads are, which effectively
Installing a steam boiler to drive a steam turbine further reduce environmental impact, effective prevents possible transmission and distribution
will increase the power production by close oxidation and/or NOX catalysts and other bottlenecks.
to 10%. The steam cycle option can either be advanced equipment can be installed.
included in the initial design, or added at a later The engine cooling arrangement using
date. In CHP applications for hot water production closed-circuit radiator cooling reduces plant

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FLEXIBILITY IN OPERATION

A reciprocating engine is today’s most Wärtsilä gas engines operate on most natural conversion possibilities create a good base for
efficient means of converting liquid or gas types. They are also available as dual- investments in gas infrastructure.
gaseous fuels into energy. Wärtsilä gas fuel engines, operating on natural gas as Wärtsilä gas engines with modern lean-burn
power plants can run on low-pressure well as on diesel fuel. When the gas supply is technology reach over 45% electrical efficiency.
gas. The dual-fuel option gives even more uncertain or prices are volatile, it is possible The heat recovery option does not affect the
flexibility when the gas supply is unreliable. to switch over from gas to diesel or vice versa electrical efficiency of the generating set. High
during continuous operation if necessary. The efficiency translates into considerable savings in
option to run on diesel as a backup fuel can fuel costs compared to other technologies.
considerably improve reliability in case of gas Multi-unit configuration creates a part-load
shortages. profile that enables you to optimize the entire
In emerging gas markets it is possible to output range of the plant. For a given total plant
build a fast track plant operating on liquid load, you simply operate as many individual
fuel, and later expand and convert the plant to generating sets as required at their optimal
operate on gas as the supply becomes more efficiency.
readily available. This also works the other Wärtsilä gas power plants withstand
way around: existing power plants with gas extreme conditions, with only minimal heat

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1.05
Derating due to cooling water temperature. Wärtsilä reciprocating
(Derating due to inlet air temperature starts at 45 °C)
1 gas engines offer
Wärtsilä 20V34SG
(radiator cooling)
stable output and high

Derating factor
0.95 performance in hot
and dry conditions. No
Aeroderivate gas turbine water consumed for
0.9
plant cooling = arid area
Industrial gas turbine
suitability!
0.85

0.8
15 20 25 30 35 40 45
Ambient temperature (°C)

1.1
1.05 Wärtsilä 20V34SG Wärtsilä reciprocating
(radiator cooling) gas engines offer
1
stable output and high
0.95
Derating factor

performance at high
0.9 altitudes as well.
0.85
Industrial gas turbine
0.8
Aeroderivate gas turbine
0.75
0.7
0.65
0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000
Altitude [m]

120
Gas engine Start-up and loading
100 of a gas engine power
plant compared to a gas
80
Gas turbine combined cycle turbine combined cycle.
Load %

60

40

20

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
Minutes
rate and output derating at high altitudes or in
hot temperatures. Furthermore, Wärtsilä gas
power plants can be located virtually anywhere
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due to the fact that our plants run on low gas The multi-unit gas
40
pressure and their air cooled system does not engine power plant
Electrical efficiency (%)

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consume any process water. 5 x Wärtsilä 20V34SG has very high part-load
30
The multiple genset concept ensures high Industrial gas turbine efficiency.
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reliability and availability. All maintenance 20
can be performed on-site one unit at a time, 15
leaving the remaining units available for duty. 10
The use of several identical engines also 5
reduces the cost of on-site spare parts stock. 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Plant electrical power (MW)

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FLEXIBILITY IN FUEL DUAL-FUEL ENGINES (DF)
The dual-fuel engine utilizes a “lean-burn”
combustion process when operating on gas.
LEAN-BURN GAS ENGINES (SG) Here, the gas is mixed with air before the
The engine generating sets used in Wärtsilä The SG engines are spark-ignited lean-burn intake valves during the air intake period. After
power plants are driven by heavy-duty engines. In this process, the gas is mixed the compression phase, the gas-air mixture
medium-speed four-stroke reciprocating with air before the inlet valves. During the is ignited by a small amount of liquid pilot
engines. These generating sets consist of intake period, gas is also fed into a small fuel. After the working phase the exhaust gas
an engine connected directly to a generator prechamber, where the gas mixture is rich valves open and the cylinder is emptied of
via a flexible coupling. The generator and compared to the gas in the cylinder. At the end exhaust gases. The inlet air valves open when
engine are rigidly mounted on a common of the compression phase the gas-air mixture the exhaust gas valves close, and the process
baseframe. in the prechamber is ignited by a spark plug. starts again.
The flames from the nozzle of the prechamber The dual-fuel engine is also equipped with
ignite the gas-air mixture in the whole cylinder. a back-up fuel system. This is a normal diesel
Combustion is fast. After the working phase the process with camshaft-operated liquid fuel
cylinder is emptied of exhaust and the process pumps running parallel to the process and
starts again. working as a stand-by.

SG PRINCIPLE DF PRINCIPLE

Liquid fuel

Gas Gas fuel

Gas

Inlet Inlet
Compression Compression
Combustion Combustion
Outlet Outlet

GAS POWER PLANT OUTPUT RANGE


Gas engines MW 1 5 10 50 100 300 500
Wärtsilä 34SG

Wärtsilä 50SG

Dual-fuel engines (gaseous fuel/liquid fuel)


Wärtsilä 32GD

Wärtsilä 34DF

Wärtsilä 50DF

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GAS ENGINES
Wärtsilä 34SG
Technical data 50 Hz/750 rpm Unit 9L34SG 16V34SG 20V34SG
GAS-DIESEL ENGINES (GD) Power, electrical kW 4343 7744 9730
Heat rate kJ/kWh 7843 7819 7779
The GD engine utilizes the diesel combustion process in all operational Electrical efficiency % 45.9 46.0 46.3
modes. In gas mode, the gas is injected at high pressure after the pilot Technical data 60 Hz/720 rpm
Power, electrical kW 4169 7434 9341
fuel and is ignited by the flame from the pilot fuel injection. The amount Heat rate kJ/kWh 7843 7819 7779
Electrical efficiency % 45.9 46.0 46.3
of pilot fuel is equivalent to approximately 5% of the fuel energy input at Dimensions and dry weight of generating set
full engine load. Length mm 10400 11300 12890
Width mm 2780 3300 3300
The gas-diesel engine can be switched over instantly to liquid fuel Height mm 3840 4240 4440
Weight tonne 77 120 130
mode operation. The liquid fuel can be light fuel oil, heavy fuel oil or Heat rate and electrical efficiency at generator terminals, including engine driven pumps, ISO 3046 conditions and gas LHV >
28 MJ/m3N. Tolerance 5%. Power factor 0.8. Gas Methane Number > 80. Nm3 defined at NTP (273.15 K and 101.3 kPa).
crude oil. In this case, the process is the same as the conventional diesel
process. Wärtsilä 50SG
Technical data 50 Hz/500 rpm Unit 18V50SG
In fuel sharing mode, the ratio between liquid and gas fuel amounts Power, electrical kW 18 320
can be controlled and varied during operation. The operating window for Heat rate kJ/kWh 7411
Electrical efficiency % 48.6
the fuel sharing mode is 30 to 100% load and the gas/liquid fuel ratio Technical data 60 Hz/514 rpm
Power, electrical kW 18 759
can vary according to the fuel sharing window. Heat rate kJ/kWh 7411
The gas-diesel process can tolerate big variations in the gas quality Electrical efficiency % 48.6
Dimensions and dry weight of generating set
and is especially suitable for “non-pipeline quality gas”, such as Length mm 18 800
Width mm 5330
associated gas in oil fields. Height mm 6340
Weight tonne 360
Heat rate and electrical efficiency at generator terminals, including engine driven pumps, ISO 3046 conditions and gas
LHV > 28 MJ/m3N. Tolerance 5%. Power factor 0.8. Gas Methane Number > 80. Nm3 defined at NTP (273.15 K and 101.3 kPa).

GD PRINCIPLE
DUAL-FUEL ENGINES
Wärtsilä 34DF
Technical data 50 Hz/750 rpm 6L34DF 9L34DF 16V34DF 20V34DF
Power, electrical kW 2579 3888 6970 8730
Heat rate kJ/kWh 8347 (8257)* 8303 (8214)* 8048 (8146)* 8031 (8127)*
Electrical efficiency % 43.1 (43.6)* 43.4 (43.8)* 44.7 (44.1)* 44.8 (44.3)*
Gas fuel Technical data 60 Hz/720rpm
Power, electrical kW 2493 3758 6737 8439
Heat rate kJ/kWh 8347 (8437)* 8303 (8175)* 8048 (8107)* 8031 (8127)*
Electrical efficiency % 43.1 (42.7)* 43.4 (44.0)* 44.7 (44.4)* 44.8 (44.3)*
Dimensions and dry weight of generating set
Length mm 8400 10400 11300 12890
Liquid fuel Width mm 2780 2780 3300 3300
Height mm 3840 3842 4240 4440
Weight tonne 58 77 120 130
Heat rate and electrical efficiency at generator terminals, including engine driven pumps, ISO 3046 conditions and gas LHV >
28 MJ/Nm3. Tolerance 5%. Power factor 0.8. Gas Methane Number > 80.
Nm3 defined at NTP (273.15 K and 101.3 kPa). *In liquid fuel mode.

Inlet Wärtsilä 50DF


Compression Technical data 50 Hz/500 rpm Unit 18V50DF 18V50DF*
Combustion Power, electrical kW 16638 16638
Outlet Heat rate kJ/kWh 7498 7933
Electrical efficiency % 48.0 45.4
Technical data 60 Hz/514 rpm
Power, electrical kW 17076 17076
Heat rate kJ/kWh 7489 7933
Electrical efficiency % 48.0 45.4
Dimensions and dry weight with generating set
Length mm 18780 18780
Width mm 4090 4090
Height mm 6020 6020
Weight tonne 355 355
Heat rate and electrical efficiency at generator terminals, including engine driven pumps, ISO 3046 conditions and gas LHV
> 28 MJ/Nm3. Tolerance 5%. Power factor 0.8. Gas Methane Number > 80. Nm3 defined at NTP (273.15 K and 101.3 kPa).
*In liquid fuel mode.

Wärtsilä 32GD
Technical data 50 Hz/750 rpm 6L32GD 9L32GD 12V32GD 16V32GD 20V32GD
Power, electrical kW 2636 3974 5299 7124 8924
Heat rate kJ/kWh 8304 8260 8091 8066 8049
Electrical efficiency % 43.4 43.6 44.5 44.6 44.7
Technical data 60 Hz/720rpm
Power, electrical kW 2579 3888 5184 6970 8730
Heat rate kJ/kWh 8304 8260 8091 8066 8049
Electrical efficiency % 43.4 43.6 44.5 44.6 44.7
Dimensions and dry weight of generating set
Length mm 8400 10400 10200 11300 12890
Width mm 2780 2780 3300 3300 3300
Height mm 3840 3840 4470 4240 4440
Weight tonne 58 77 92 120 130
Heat rate and electrical efficiency at generator terminals, including engine driven pumps, ISO 3046 conditions and gas LHV >
36 MJ/m3N. Lower LHV can be compensated by liquid fuel. Tolerance 5%.
Power factor 0.8. Gas pressure at engine inlet 350 bar. Nm3 defined at NTP (273.15 K and 101.3 kPa).

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Wärtsilä is a global leader in complete lifecycle power solutions for the
marine and energy markets. By emphasising technological innovation
and total efficiency, Wärtsilä maximises the environmental and economic

DBAB540960 – 08.2011 / Bock´s Office / Waasa Graphics


performance of the vessels and power plants of its customers. Wärtsilä
is listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki, Finland.

WÄRTSILÄ® is a registered trademark. Copyright © 2011 Wärtsilä Corporation.