Written Report (Rock and Roll
Content I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Theoretical Description of Rock and Roll Origin of Rock and Roll Decline of Rock and Roll Social Effects of Rock and Roll Fashion Pinoy Rock
Rock and Roll
Rock and roll, often denoted as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll, is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s. It is characterized by the use of electric guitars, a strong rhythm with an accent on the offbeat, simple, often repetitive and youth-oriented lyrics. Rock and roll is primarily from a combination of the blues, country music and gospel music. During the 1950s, the term rock and roll was actually a synonym for black R&B (rhythm and blues). Much rock music is performed at high volume levels. This musical form became famous among African- American audiences after World War II. II. Origin of Rock and Roll Rock and roll was originated in southern United States of America. The immediate roots of rock and roll lay in the so-called "race music" and hillbilly music of the 1940s and 1950s. Particularly significant influences were jazz, blues, boogie woogie, country, folk and gospel music. In the 1930s, jazz and swing were among the first music to present African American sounds for a predominately white audience. The 1940s saw the increased use of blaring horns which includes saxophone, shouted lyrics and boogie woogie beats in jazz based music. During and immediately after World War II, large jazz bands were less economical and tended to be substituted by smaller combos, using guitars, bass and drums. Akin to this, country boogie and Chicago electric blues supplied many of the elements that would be seen as characteristic of rock and roll.
Rock and roll arrived at time of developments in electronic technology, soon after the development of the electric guitar, amplifier and microphone, and the 45 rpm record. Rock musicians have developed new studio recording techniques, such as multi-tracking, the process of recording different song segments at different times and layering them on top of one another and digital sampling, the reproduction by a computer of the patterns of a particular sound. Rock concerts often feature high-tech theatrical stage effects including synchronized lighting. In 1951, the term “rock and roll” was first used (1951) by a Cleveland disc jockey (DJ), Alan Freed to label the music he aired and was taken from the song "My Baby Rocks Me with a Steady Roll". Before then, “rocking" was a term used by black gospel singers in the American South to refer to something akin to spiritual rapture. In 1916, the term "rocking and rolling" was used with a religious connotation. On the other hand, the verb "roll" was a primitive metaphor to denote "having sex". In the early twentieth century, the phrase "rocking and rolling" was secular black slang for dancing or sex. The terms “rocking and rolling” were often used together to illustrate the movement of a ship at sea. III. Decline of Rock and Roll The decline rock and roll was perceived in the late 1950s and early 1960s. There were several reasons why the said genre had deteriorated. First, the death of Buddy Holly who developed the basic four-piece instrumentation of rock bands (drum set and lead, rhythm, and bass guitars) and created his own studio recordings, The Big Bopper and Richie Valens American rock-and-roll singer, songwriter, and guitarist, in a plane crash in 1959. Second, the departure of Elvis Presley, one of the well-known early pioneers of rock music, for the army. He
fused the sounds of country music and rhythm-and-blues influences with what was then the new rock-and-roll style. Another reason was the retirement of Little Richard, a singer and songwriter, to become a preacher. Fourth, the trials of Jerry Lee Lewis, American rock singer and pianist who was popular for his wild, piano-pounding performances, and Chuck Berry, American singer and composer, one of the first musicians to carry the influence of rhythm-and-blues music to mainstream rock and roll, and lastly, the breaking of the payola scandal (which associated major figures, including Alan Freed, in bribery and corruption in promoting individual acts or songs). IV. Social Effects of Rock and Roll
The social effects of rock and roll were universal and massive. Lifestyles, fashion, attitudes, and language were influenced by rock and roll. Cars, school, dating, and clothing were the common issues covered in this genre. The rock and roll songs described events and conflicts that most listeners could relate. Issues that had never been dealt in music, such as sex, began to be presented in rock and roll music. This new genre of music tried to disrupt boundaries and state the real emotions that people were feeling. Rock and roll was seen as a way for unity, in creating a new form of music that encouraged racial cooperation and shared experience. Rock and roll was also associated with atheism. Many well-known rock and roll stars were atheists and agnostics. Examples were Lemmy of Motörhead, Kerry King of Slayer and Noel Gallagher of Oasis. John Lennon’s “Imagine” is one song that described a world with the absence of religion. Sex and drugs were also associated with rock and roll artist. Many famous rock and roll stars were known to use drugs specifically LSD and other hallucinogenic drugs. The fame and advertising of recreational drug use by musicians may have influenced the youths to use drugs and to perceive that usage of drugs is an acceptable act.
Rock music and fashion have been linked. The tough, leather-clad image of early rockers influenced the youth. Rock musicians adopted hippie fashion and introduced such styles as the Nehru jacket. The Beatles had custom-made clothing that influenced much of 1960s style. In 1960s, The Beatles brought mop-top haircuts, collarless blazers, and Beatle Boots into fashion (see Appendix for samples of fashion statement under rock and roll genre). VI. Foreign Artists and their Hit Songs
The Beatles, British rock music group and composed of four members namely John Lennon, George Harrison, Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr revolutionized popular music around the world in the 1960s. The Beatles was recognized as the most successful music group in the history. Some of their songs were “Come Together”, “Strawberry Fields Forever”, “Twist and Shout”, “Yesterday”, “Love Me Do” and “Help”. Elvis Presley is one of the most popular and influential entertainers of the 20th century. Presley is known as an early pioneer of rock music, fusing the sounds of country music and rhythm-and-blues influences with what was then the new rock-and-roll style. His extraordinary performances made Presley one of the first mass idols of American popular culture. “It’s Now or Never”, “Good Luck Charm”, “Return To Sender”, “Crying In the Chapel”, “In The Ghetto” and “Suspicious Minds” were some of the popular songs of Elvis Presley.
Pinoy Rock, or Filipino Rock, is the brand of rock music produced in the Philippines. Bobby Gonzales is one of the first popular Filipino rock stars. His major hit was "Hahabul-Habol." Eddie Mesa became popular as the "Elvis Presley of the Philippines". Many Filipinos referred to Rock bands as "combos". Another pioneer of rock and roll music in the Philippines was the Juan Dela Cruz Band. The band consists of drummer, Joey "Pepe" Smith, bassist Mike Hanopol, and lead guitarist Wally Gonzales. This band was often credited for ushering in the first "rock & roll revolution" in the
Philippines that lasted from the late '60s to the late '70s or the Golden Age of Pinoy Rock. They were also considered as the “grandfathers” of Pinoy Rock. Some of their songs were “Himig Natin”, “Titser's Enemi No. 1”, “Mamasyal Sa Pilipinas”, “Panahon”, “Inday”, “Balong Malalim”, “No Touch”, “Project”, “Beep Beep”, “Rock & Roll Sa Ulan” and “Rock & Roll Sa Mundo”.
Joey “Pepe” Smith- Juan dela Cruz Band
Rock and Roll Fashion Statement
References Cited Rock and roll. Retrieved on May 9, 2010 from www.wikipedia.com. Social effects of rock and roll. Retrieved on May 9, 2010 from www.wikipedia.com. Pinoy rock. Retrieved on May 9, 2010 from www.wikipedia.com. Waterman, Chris. "Rock Music." Microsoft® Student 2007 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2006.