You are on page 1of 10

Прогресс-тест

Демо-версия
Version III

№ Задание

1 _________________ is not running well today.


(A) That Jane’s
(B) Jane has a car
(C) In Jane’s car
(D) Jane’s car
2 He always enjoys _________________.
(A) he does whatever
(B) he does
(C) whatever he does
(D) of his doing
3 _________________ more susceptible to certain diseases than adults are.
(A) Children
(B) Children who are
(C) Children are
(D) Children being
4 Porpoises, which __________ actually mammals because they breathe air through an orifice in their heads, are playful and
intelligent.
(A) is
(B) be
(C) being
(D) are
5 To understand ancient Egypt, Dr. Malcolm has studied its hieroglyphics and tried to interpret__________.
(A) it
(B) them
(C) itself
(D) themselves
6 The actress, having worked for many hours without interruption, __________ it difficult to remember her lines.
(A) find
(B) was finding
(C) was found
(D) were finding
7 While in reality Alpha Centauri is a triple star, ___________ to the naked eye to be a single star.
(A) it appears
(B) but it appears
(C) appears
(D) despite it
8 The message ___________ on an envelope.
(A) writing
(B) had written
(C) wrote
(D) was written
9 Starting in 1972, lightning fires in Yellowstone National Park ______________ to take their natural course unless they threatened
park facilities.
(A) they allowed
(B) allowing
(C) allow
(D) were allowed
10 Unlike the young of most animal species, human children _____________ to depend on adults care for many years.
(A) must
(B) needing
(C) has
(D) have
11 ______________, Jane enjoys gardening.
(A) She is like her mother
(B) Like her mother
(C)That she is like her mother
(D) Because her mother
12 Even though the school is struggling as __________ lack of funds, it is expected to continue to operate, due to the immense
popularity among the local residents.
(A) the result of a
(B) result a
(C) result
(D)result of
13 The best known books of Ross Macdonald, __________ writer of detective novels, feature the character Lew Archer, a private
detective.
(A) is the
(B) is an
(C) they are by
(D) the
14 William is a hardworking person; __________.
(A) while he likes to have a good time
(B) nevertheless, he likes to have a good time
(C) that he also likes to have a good time
(D) but also likes to have a good time
15 __________ colonial statesman William Bradford attended no formal school, he was a well-educated man.
(A) Despite
(B) In spite of
(C) Although
(D)Even
16 A clever game for _______________ is tic-tac-toe.
(A) keeping children occupied
(B) children keep occupied
(C) to keep children occupied
(D) it keeps children occupied
17 _______________ its rigid home on its back, the land tortoise is well protected from predators.
(A) Carried
(B) It carries
(C) Carrying
(D) To carry
18 _______________ colds are caused by viruses.
(A) That the knowledge
(B) It is known that
(C) To know that
(D) The knowledge that
19 Their office consisted of three rooms, __________ was used as a conference room.
(A) larger of which
(B) the largest of which
(C) the largest of them
(D) largest
20 Earlier in the year, the researchers found __________, which they determined is over 6 million years old.
(A) a fossil extremely large
(B) extremely large fossil
(C) a large extremely fossil
(D) an extremely large fossil
21 The company sustained an angry reaction from its employees after announcing how __________ to reduce operating costs.
(A) it planned
(B) planned
(C)did it plan
(D) was planned
22 __________ did Arthur realize that there was danger.
(A) Upon entering the store
(B) When he entered the store
(C) After he had entered the store
(D) Only after entering the store
23 Animals are classified as either cold-blooded___________.
(A) or they have warm blood
(B) or warm-blooded
(C) nor warm-blooded
(D) or being warm-blooded
24 In linguistics, _____________ morphology refers to the study of the formation of words and smaller units of meaning.
(A) is termed
(B) to term
(C) be termed
(D) the term
25 The preparations for graduation ______________.
(A) have all ready been made
(B) has all been made
(C) have already been made
(D)have all been made ready
26 The company had a two-tier contingency plan in case power was lost, first using gas-operated generators, and then __________ its
distant safe operation, where the entire computer operation, including all hardware, software, and data, was able to be run without
interruption.
(A) initiation
(B) initiate
(C) initiating
(D) initiative
27 Glaciers covering the west coast of Greenland __________ about 7,500 icebergs a year into the North Atlantic.
(A) are dropped
(B) drop
(C) dropping
(D) drop
28 Although tornadoes are most common in the central U.S., they sometimes occur ______________ New England.
(A) east as far
(B) to the east
(C) as far east as
(D) farthest east
29 Heather Friedman, __________ at many school functions and other community events, is destined for fame and fortune if she
receives the right backing and is discovered by the right
people.
(A) who has sung
(B) has sung
(C) sung
(D) sang
30 The overall strength of a country’s economy is ___________ determines the value of its currency.
(A) that
(B) whose
(C) what
(D) it
31 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
It has always been thought that cell mutation is a random event; however, geneticists find evidence to the contrary over the past few
years.
(A) always
(B) that
(C) is
(D) find
32 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
Lack of sanitation in restaurants are a major cause of disease in some areas of the country.
(A) of sanitation
(B) are
(C) cause of
(D) in some areas of
33 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
His parents, together his teachers, objected to his behavior both in school and at home.
(A) together his teachers
(B) to his behavior
(C) in school
(D) at home
34 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
Fast, obedient, and intelligent, the quarter horse is rode in many rodeos.
(A) Fast
(B) the
(C) is rode
(D) many
35 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
In 1947, Jackie Robinson became a first Black American to play major league baseball.
(A) a
(B) American to
(C) play
(D) major
36 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
The long-term affects of the American Civil War, which split families and friends apart, are still being felt in the twentieth
century.
(A) affects
(B) which
(C) are
(D) twentieth century
37 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
Most Americans’ blood cholesterol levels rise as they grow more older.
(A) Most
(B) levels
(C) as
(D) more older
38 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
The astronauts on this mission expect to dock with the space station, performance a space walk, and repair the Hubbel telescope.
(A) on
(B) to dock
(C) performance
(D) repair
39 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
As a company grows in size, it is important to maintain communicate among the various departments.
(A) As
(B) in
(C) communicate
(D) among
40 INSTRUCTION: Choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically
correct:
The mystery bookstore was largely a phenomena of the last decade.
(A) was
(B) largely
(C) phenomena
(D) decade
INSTRUCTION: Read the passage followed by questions. Choose the best answer to each question.

What makes science fiction the literature choice for so many? Arthur C. Clarke, the novelist and scientist, gave a good answer
once when asked why he chose to write in this genre: "Because," he said, "no other literature is concerned with reality."
Clarke didn't say what sort of reality he had in mind, but there are two that suggest themselves. One of the significant realities of
our time is the rapid advances in science and technology. These are the areas that have made this century move so fast, in ways that
earlier generations could hardly even imagine, and science fiction has played some part in accelerating their progress. In the 1930s
there was no television, radio showed little interest in science, even the daily newspapers covered it scantily and not very well; but
science-fiction magazines were exploring in every newsstand edition the latest concepts from genetics and nuclear physics to
cosmology. I think it is fair to say that a majority of the world's leading scientists today were first turned on to their subjects by
reading science-fiction stories.
The other reality that has contributed to a fascination with science fiction is that the central fact of contemporary life is rapid,
ever-accelerating change, change that alters the rules of all our lives all the time. And science fiction is, in essence, the literature of
change.

41.140. What does this passage mainly discuss?


(A) Why people read science fiction
(B) How science relates to reality
(C) Popular literature of the 1930s
(D) Topics in science fiction
41.241. The phrase "their progress" refers to
(A) people who read science fiction
(B) earlier generations
(C) science and technology
(D) radio and television
41.342. According to the passage, which of the following carried news of science and technology to the public in the 1930s?
(A) Radio broadcasts
(B) Science-fiction magazines
(C) Television programs
(D) Newspaper coverag
41.446. The phrase "turned on to" is closest in meaning to
(A) employed by
(B) introduced to
(C) disenchanted with
(D) changed by
41.5W What is the author's main purpose in this passage?
(A) To explain the popularity of science fiction literature
(B) To show the need for science fiction literature
(C) To classify different types of literature
(D) To discuss the work of Arthur C. Clarke
INSTRUCTION: Read the passage followed by questions. Choose the best answer to each question.
By the mid-nineteenth century, in addition to its natural resources, the United States had accumulated enough capital in the form of
factories to productively employ a large amount of labor, or human resources. A nation that still consisted largely of independent
farmers could not provide an adequate labor supply for heavy industrialization. But millions of new workers came to the United States
from abroad.
As we are all aware, not all these workers arrived voluntarily. Slaves were brought from Africa to the South; they were put to
work on plantations to extract maximum harvests from the cotton fields. But in the North, the machines that turned that cotton into
textiles were worked by massive waves of immigrants who came willingly from one part of Europe after another. This vastly
expanded pool of labor allowed for large leaps in our national output.
A nation cannot grow forever by finding more natural resources and attracting more workers; thus, a country's extensive growth
will eventually slow. But intensive growth gradually appears as better use is made of the labor force. In the United States in the mid-
nineteenth century many of the newly arrived immigrants were unskilled and illiterate, but the education policy of their new land
meant that their children all received an education, and many were trained in a skill. If a society gives workers more knowledge, they
will be able to use machines in a more complex way and to follow more complex instructions, yielding manufactured goods of greater
value; this process is often known as investing in human capital. In the late twentieth century, our physical capital is so abundant and
our natural resources so limited that we are beginning to appreciate the importance of improving our human resources if we are to
continue to grow.

42.1 This passage mainly discusses the national output in terms of


(A) the labor force
(B) natural resources
(C) factories
(D) immigration
42.2 According to the passage, where did the necessary labor force for the nation's new industries come from?
(A) Unemployed farmers
(B) Other countries
(C) The North
(D) The South
42.3 The phrase "massive waves of immigrants" means that
(A) many immigrants came by ship
(B) immigrant families stayed together
(C) groups of immigrants came at different times
(D) groups of immigrants were greeted enthusiastically
42.4 5. We can infer from the passage that intensive growth of a nation's economy requires
(A) expansion of resources
(B) better use of the labor force
(C) attracting unskilled labor
(D) limiting the human resources
42.5 We can infer from the passage (paragraph 3) that in the mid-nineteenth century the United States placed a high value on
(A) European trade
(B) education
(C) agriculture
(D) development of natural resources