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OEP O-Engineers

Publications

Multiple Choice Questions-


Power system Protection-
Booklet-2

Engr. Qazi Arsalan Hamid


OEP
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MCQs

1. Which is not the Directional Overcurrent Relay working condition?

Answer 1: When the current value is greater than the value of Pick up
Answer 2: When the direction of the current exceeds the limit given to the relay
Answer 3: When the Power Factor angle value is higher than the set value
Answer 4: All right

2. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 90-degree connection – MTA is 45 degrees at phase
A. The relay will signal trip, when the phase A phase Tripping zone has an angle

Answer 1: From 45 degrees leading to 90 degrees Lagging


Answer 2: From 45 degrees Leading to 135 degrees Lagging
Answer 3: From 45 degrees Lagging to 135 degrees Leading
Answer 4: From 0 degrees to 180 degrees Lagging

3. Discrimination What is the current overload protection system?

Answer 1: It is set to allow relays in many systems. Work group by allowing the same type of
relay to work simultaneously
Answer 2: It is a sequence of protection. By allowing relays that are near the source to work first
and a remote relay to act as a backup
Answer 3: It is set to allow relays in many systems. Coordinate By allowing relays that are far
from the most paid source to work first and relays that are in the position near the source
The work is the next order without the need for grading margins.
Answer 4: It is a sequence of protection. By allowing the main relay (Primary Relay) near the
point of short circuit to work first and the backup relay that is far away has a is long enough
Grading margin value to ensure that the backup relay will operate only if primary protection fail
to operate.

4. Very Inverse Overcurrent Relay has the following settings: Time Multiplier Setting (TMS) = 0.3,
CT Ratio = 1000/1 A by setting the current to 100%, if the Fault current 10,000 A Calculate how
much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 1: 0.24 seconds


Answer 2: 0.45 seconds
Answer 3: 0.90 seconds
Answer 4: 4.00 seconds
5. Over current relays have a Standard Inverse operation (SI) [IEC 60255] with a TMS setting of
0.5. If using the CT Ratio 800/5 A and adjusting the current to 100%, The fault current is equal
to 5,000 A. Calculate how much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 1: 0.500 seconds


Answer 2: 1.875 seconds
Answer 3: 0.945 seconds
Answer 4: 3.750 seconds

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6. Over current relays with Very Inverse operation (VI) [IEC 60255] by setting TMS to 0.6 if using
CT Ratio 600/5 A and adjusting the current to 100%, the fault current is equal to 4,000 A.
Calculate how much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 1: 1.429 seconds


Answer 2: 2.025 seconds
Answer 3: 2.382 seconds
Answer 4: 3.375 seconds

7. Over current relays with Standard Inverse (SI) Curve operation, Fault current is 4,000 A If you
want the relay to operate at 1.5 seconds, CT Ratio is 800/5,current value setting is 100%, what
will be the TMS setting?

Answer 1: TMS = 0.3


Answer 2: TMS = 0.2
Answer 3: TMS = 0.25
Answer 4: TMS = 0.35

8. Over current relays with Extremely Inverse (EI) operation, fault current is 5,000 A. CT Ratio is
800/5, current setting or PSM is 125%, If you want the relay to operates at 2.0 seconds, how
much TMS value should be adjusted?

Answer 1: TMS = 3.33


Answer 2: TMS = 0.60
Answer 3: TMS = 1.19
Answer 4: TMS = 0.95

9. Extremely Inverse Overcurrent Relay is set as follows: Time Multiplier Setting (TMS) = 0.2, CT
Ratio = 1000/5 A, Pick Up Value = 4 A. Fault = 8,000 A Calculate how much time relay need to
works?

Answer 1: 0.12 seconds


Answer 2: 0.16 seconds
Answer 3: 0.25 seconds
Answer 4: 0.33 seconds

10. What are the characteristics of over current relays? Popular today

Answer 1: Definite Time Overcurrent Characteristics


Answer 2: Definite Current Overcurrent Characteristics
Answer 3: Inverse Time Overcurrent Characteristics
Answer 4: Inverse Definite Minimum Time Overcurrent Characteristics

11. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 60-degree connection, when considering only relays
at Phase A, which quantity is Operating and which quantity is Polarizing respectively

Answer 1: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between phase B-C is Polarizing

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Answer 2: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between the B-C
phase and the A-C phase is Polarizing
Answer 3: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between Phase A-B is Polarizing
Answer 4: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between phase A-B
and phase A-C is Polarizing

12. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 90-degree connection when considering only relays
at Phase A, which quantity is Operating and which quantity is Polarizing respectively

Answer 1: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between phase B-C is Polarizing
Answer 2: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between the B-C
phase and the A-C phase is Polarizing
Answer 3: current phase A to Operating and the voltage between Phase A-B is Polarizing
Answer 4: current phase A to Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between phase A-B
and phase A-C is Polarizing

13. Electromechanical phase directional overcurrent relay type 90-degree connection - 45-degree
MTA. Angle between Operating Quantity and Polarizing, what is the maximum amount of
torque generated?

Answer 1: The maximum torque occurs at a 30-degree angle.


Answer 2: The maximum torque will occur at a 90-degree angle.
Answer 3: The maximum torque occurs at a 45-degree angle.
Answer 4: The maximum torque occurs at a 60-degree angle.

14. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay connected to the current transformer (CT) with Current
Ratio of 1000/5 A, TMS = 0.2, set at 100% if the current size is caused 5,000 A, relay operating
time is

Answer 1: 0.43 seconds


Answer 2: 4.30 seconds
Answer 3: 0.80 seconds
Answer 4: 0.86 seconds

15. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay connected to the current transformer (CT) with Current
Ratio of 1000/1 A, TMS = 0.1, adjusted to 125% if the current size of the fault occurs 5,000 A,
relay operating time is

Answer 1: 0.1 seconds


Answer 2: 5.0 seconds
Answer 3: 0.5 seconds
Answer 4: 0.43 seconds

16. Protection of Earth Fault Protection in a 3-phase power system with Residual Connected
method. Where current transformer (CT) is required?

Answer 1: CT per Wye


Answer 2: CT per Delta

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Answer 3: CT per Open Delta
Answer 4: Nothing is right.

17. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay Type Electromechanical type 90-degree Connection - 30-
degree MTA. What is the maximum torque that the Power Factor angle?

Answer 1: 0 degrees
Answer 2: 30 degrees
Answer 3: 45 degrees
Answer 4: 60 degrees

18. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay is compatible with CT Ratio = 1000/5 A, Pick Up Value = 5
A, TMS = 0.1. When the Fault Current is 15 times the Relay Setting, how long does it work?

Answer 1: 0.1 seconds


Answer 2: 2.5 seconds
Answer 3: 0.25 seconds
Answer 4: 1.5 seconds

19. Overcurrent Relay has a Curve of Long Time Inverse (LTI) in accordance with IEC 60255, where
the PSM = 5 and TMS = 1, relays will work for 30 seconds. Let the relay work with 3.0 seconds
at the same PMS value. What is the TMS value?

Answer 1: 10.0
Answer 2: 0.1
Answer 3: 0.2
Answer 4: 0.01

20. Phase directional overcurrent relay of 90-degree connection type - 45 degree MTA. At
maximum torque, the power factor is

Answer 1: PF = 1.0
Answer 2: PF = 0.5 lagging
Answer 3: PF = 0.707 lagging
Answer 4: PF = 0.866 lagging

21. Ground Directional Overcurrent Relay, when Single Line to Ground Faults occur. polarization
voltage is

Answer 1: Equal to the phase voltage of the system


Answer 2: equal to the voltage, zero sequence pressure of the phase that causes short-circuit
grounding
Answer 3: Approximately 3 times the zero-sequence current of the phase that causes short-circuit
grounding
Answer 4: Approximately 3 times the pressure of the zero sequence of the phase that causes
short-circuit grounding

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22. How to use the Residual Current as a Polarizing Signal to detect the direction of the Ground
Faults. What should I do?

Answer 1: Bring the current signal from the connected CT at the neutral point of the device to
Polarizing Signal.
Answer 2: Bring the current signal which is obtained from CT in all 3 phases at the secondary
side of the coil.
Answer 3: Bring the pressure signal obtained from VT to Y through resistance to Polarizing
Signal.
Answer 4: Bring the current signal obtained from CT in the window through the 3 wires to
Polarizing Signal

23. Radial distribution system as shown below Requiring both relays have a standard operation
Inverse (SI) [IEC 60255]. Discrimination Between relays at Bus A and at Bus B using Grading
Margin = 0.35 seconds and adjust the settings as specified to calculate the time that the relay
at Bus B runs when the Fault occurs as shown

Answer 1: relay Operates at Bus B = 0.35 seconds


Answer 2: : relay Operates at Bus B = 0.5 seconds
Answer 3: relay Operates at Bus B = 2.97 seconds
Answer 4: relay Operates at Bus B = 3.32 seconds

24. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays have an Extremely
Inverse (EI) function [IEC 60255] if the relay is adjusted as specified in the figure,
Discrimination Between the relays at Bus A and the relay at Bus B using Grading Margin = 0.35
seconds, how much is the TMS of the relay B at Bus B

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Answer 1: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.06
Answer 2: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.433
Answer 3: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.35
Answer 4: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.19

25. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays Curves are Extremely
Inverse (EI) operation [IEC 60255]. If the relay at Bus B is set to Back up protection of the relay
at Bus A using the difference of working time (Grading Margin) equal to 0.35 seconds when
the Fault occur within the Primary Zone (F2) of the relay of Bus B itself, then How much time
the relay at Bus B will require to pick up,

Answer 1: 0.433 seconds


Answer 2: 0.350 seconds
Answer 3: 0.137 seconds
Answer 4: 0.260 seconds

26. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays to have a Standard
Inverse (SI) operation curve according to IEC 60255. If the relay at Bus B is set to be done Work
as a backup protection for the relay at Bus A, with a margin of time = 0.35 seconds. Ask how
much TMS of the relay B must be adjusted at Bus B

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Answer 1: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.176
Answer 2: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.078
Answer 3: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.095
Answer 4: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.35

27. If you want to make Earth Fault Protection with Overcurrent Relay, the Relay Number is

Answer 1: 50, 51
Answer 2: 50N, 51N
Answer 3: 67
Answer 4: 87

28. Over current relays Extremely Inverse (EI) [IEC 60255] by setting TMS to 0.5 if using CT Ratio
1200/5 A and adjusting the current to 100% When the fault occurs and the value is equal to
7,000 A. What will be the tripping time?

Answer 1: 0.094 seconds


Answer 2: 2.422 seconds
Answer 3: 1.667 seconds
Answer 4: 1.211 seconds
29. Ground Directional Overcurrent Relay can use Which quantity to make a "Polarizing Signal" to
let the relay know the direction.

Answer 1: Phase Current alone


Answer 2: only the Residual Current
Answer 3: Residual Voltage only
Answer 4: both Residual Current and Residual Voltage

30. In High voltage power transmission protection, in general what type of relay is used to protect

Answer 1: Voltage Relay


Answer 2: Overcurrent Relay
Answer 3: Differential Relay
Answer 4: Distance Relay

31. Input signal to distance relay

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Answer 1: CT
Answer 2: VT
Answer 3: Instrument
Answer 4: CT and VT

32. Analysis of the operation of the relay. The distance is generally used which diagram?

Answer 1: R-X Diagram


Answer 2: V-I Diagram
Answer 3: P.F. Diagram
Answer 4: I-T Diagram

33. In the Ground Fault Distance Relay setting for protection, when a single line to ground fault
(SLG) occurs, which parameters must be considered

Answer 1: Power Factor


Answer 2: Compensation Factor
Answer 3: Full Load Current
Answer 4: Frequency Factor

34. Which is the feature of the Impedance Relay?

Answer 1: It is a non-directional distance relay.


Answer 2: Use the impedance size only in setting the relay.
Answer 3: If the measured impedance value is greater than the impedance setting, the relay will
work.
Answer 4: It is a non-directional distance relay and uses only the impedance size in the relay
setting.

35. What is the feature of the Mho Relay feature?

Answer 1: Most of Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram.
Answer 2: It is a self-contained relay.
Answer 3: Circumference on the R-X diagram is at the origin point
Answer 4: Most of Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram and is a self-
contained relay

36. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1, what is the working time
setting?

Answer 1: Time delay is 0.3 seconds.


Answer 2: Time delay is 0.5 seconds.
Answer 3: 1.0 seconds delay
Answer 4: Adjust to work immediately. (Instantaneous)

37. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1 should be set to protect the
transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 40 - 50% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.
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Answer 2: 50 - 60% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.
Answer 3: 80 - 90% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection
Answer 4: 120% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

38. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 2 should be set to protect the
transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 90 - 100% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.
Answer 2: 120 - 150% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection
Answer 3: 180 - 200% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

39. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 2 will have to set

Answer 1: Time delay approximately 0.3 seconds.


Answer 2: Delay time about 0.8 seconds.
Answer 3: Delay time about 1.0 seconds.
Answer 4: Time delay about 1.5 seconds.

40. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 3, will have to set

Answer 1: Time delay approximately 0.3 - 0.5 seconds.


Answer 2: Time delay approximately 0.5 - 1.0 seconds.
Answer 3: The delay time about 1.0 - 3.0 seconds.
Answer 4: Time delay approximately 3.0 - 5.0 seconds.

41. Relay The distance to be used to protect the transmission line has a CT Ratio = 1000/5 A and
VT Ratio = 115 kV / 110 V. What is the multiplier value for adjusting the relay operation?

Answer 1: 0.5130
Answer 2: 0.1913
Answer 3: 0.1713
Answer 4: 0.0213

42. Which of the following relays Arranged in the Distance Relays group

Answer 1: Offset-Mho Relay


Answer 2: Reactance Relay
Answer 3: Mho Relay
Answer 4: All right

43. Impedance Relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of transmission
lines of any length

Answer 1: Transmission line with short length


Answer 2: Medium length transmission lines
Answer 3: Longitudinal cables
Answer 4: The transmission line has a very long cable length.
44. Using distance relay (Distance Relay) to protect power lines Why the zone of protections be
divided into sections?

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Answer 1: To be able to protect the transmission line throughout the length of the cable that
needs protection
Answer 2: In order to be a Back Up Protection, allow the next transmission line
Answer 3: For effective protection, get rid of the Faults quickly, with high reliability.
Distinguish correctly
Answer 4: All right

45. Which distance relay is suitable for the protection of power lines that have a very long cable
length?

Answer 1: Impedance Relay


Answer 2: Lenticular Relay
Answer 3: Quadrilateral Relay
Answer 4: Mho Relay

46. Which type of relay is suitable for detecting Faults in high voltage power transmission
systems?

Answer 1: Distance Relays


Answer 2: Over Voltage Relays
Answer 3: Directional Power Relays
Answer 4: Under Voltage Relays

47. When distance relay works?

Answer 1: If the impedance appears at the relay, the value is higher than the impedance set.
Relay will work
Answer 2: If the impedance appears at the relay, the value is lower than the set impedance Relay
will work
Answer 3: If the impedance appears at the relay is equal to the set impedance Relays may or may
not work.
Answer 4: Article 2 and Article 3 are correct.

48. Which of the following distance relays is with features of no direction?

Answer 1: Mho Relay


Answer 2: Impedance Relay
Answer 3: Lenticular Relay
Answer 4: Offset Mho Relay

49. Which of the following distance relays is with features of direction?

Answer 1: Mho Relay


Answer 2: Impedance Relay
Answer 3: Reactance Relay
Answer 4: Article 1 and 2 are correct.

50. What is Distance Relay Reach?

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Answer 1: Relay failure
Answer 2: The correct operation of the relay
Answer 3: At Long distance on the transmission line Whenever the Faults occur, the relay works
Answer 4: At Long distance on the transmission line Whenever the Faults occur, the relay does
not work.

51. What is distance relay’s Overreach?

Answer 1: The distance relay sees the location of the spot where the faults are far more than the
set value.
Answer 2: The distance relay sees the location of the point where the faults are closer than reach
value.
Answer 3: The distance relay does not see the location of the Faults.
Answer 4: The distance relay sees the location of the spot where the Faults but does not work.

52. Reactance Relay (Reactance Relay) is a distance relay that will work when

Answer 1: The relay sees the impedance value lower than the set value.
Answer 2: The relay sees the impedance value higher than the set value.
Answer 3: The relay sees the reactance value lower than the set value.
Answer 4: Relays see the reactance value higher than the set value.

53. Why do we use Distance Relay to protect high voltage power lines?

Answer 1: Because the distance relay is cheaper than other relays and convenient to use
Answer 2: Because the short-circuit current in the power system depends on the system
configuration, we therefore use impedance measurement per distance instead of other relays.
Answer 3: Because the distance relay is a relay that uses both current and operating voltage, it is
more reliable than using other relays.
Answer 4: Because the distance relay is a directional relay, it is more reliable than using other
relays.

54. High-voltage power lines have an impedance per phase of 1 + j10 ohms / phase. Determine
how much the size and angle of impedance respectively are.

Answer 1: 10.00-ohm, phase angle 90 degrees / phase


Answer 2: 10.05 ohms, phase angle 84.29 degrees / phase
Answer 3: 1.00-ohm, phase angle of 10 degrees / phase
Answer 4: 10.00-ohm, phase angle 10 degrees / phase

55. The high-voltage power line has an impedance per phase of 10 ohms, a 70-degree angle. If you
want to protect the transmission line, you can get 80% of the entire line length. Adjustable
impedance value, what is the setting

Answer 1: 10 ohms
Answer 2: 9 ohms
Answer 3: 8 ohms
Answer 4: 7 ohms

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56. The impedance value is the value that the distance relay sees when knowing the CT Ratio and
VT Ratio values must be multiplied by any multiplier.

Answer 1: (CT Ratio / VT Ratio) squared


Answer 2: VT Ratio / CT Ratio
Answer 3: CT Ratio / VT Ratio
Answer 4: CT Ratio x VT Ratio

57. The setting for Phase Fault Distance Relay must use which Sequence Impedance to adjust the
settings for the relay.

Answer 1: Positive Sequence Impedance


Answer 2: Negative Sequence Impedance
Answer 3: Zero Sequence Impedance
Answer 4: Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance
Article: 180
58. When the Arc Fault occurs in the power transmission line The operation of any of the
following relays has the least risk of underreach problems.

Answer 1: Mho Relay


Answer 2: Impedance Relay
Answer 3: Reactance Relay
Answer 4: Admittance Relay

59. The transmission line size 2.5 + j3.5 ohm must set the value of the impedance relay to the
maximum value. Therefore, able to protect the LTC ARC Fault with the size of 1.0 ohms

Answer 1: 1.5 + j3.5 ohm


Answer 2: 2.0 + j4 ohms
Answer 3: 3 + j4 ohm
Answer 4: 3.5 + j3.5 ohm
60. Which of the following are the impedance relay properties of the impedance relay?

Answer 1: Impedance relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of medium-
length transmission lines.
Answer 2: When the Power Swing occurs in the electrical system Impedance relays still function
correctly without impact.
Answer 3: If there is an arc short circuit, the impedance relay will fail.
Answer 4: If you want the relay impedance to work in the direction Must be used in conjunction
with a directional relay

61. "Quadrilateral Relay" is a suitable relay for use in which manner of protection.

Answer 1: Used for shielding the transmission line when the Faults occur between phase
conductors
Answer 2: Used for the protection of the transmission line when the faults occur between the
phase conductor and the ground

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Answer 3: Used for protection When the phase conductor cable of the feeder line falls out on the
ground
Answer 4: Used for protection When there is a short circuit between the phase conductor cable of
the input cable

62. Which of the following relay Is the main relay used to protect the three-phase high-voltage
power transmission line (Step Three Zone Protection)

Answer 1: Pilot wire or Differential relay


Answer 2: Mho relay and Reactance relay
Answer 3: Quadrilateral relay and Impedance relay
Answer 4: Article 2 and Article 3 are correct.

63. One relay reactance has the function according to the equation y = 4.5. If a transmission line
has a total impedance of 4 + j4 ohms, assuming that the fault at the end of the transmission
line and The arc resistance is 0.5 ohm. What is the response of the relay?

Answer 1: Relays do not work.


Answer 2: The relay will operate correctly because the relay can see the fault.
Answer 3: Relays are slow because the arc resistance is higher than the relay can see.
Answer 4: The relay is faulty because the fault is outside the relay zone of the relay.

64. One line of transmission is 80 km long with the impedance Z = 0.03 + j 0.21 Ohm / km. What is
the admittance of this transmission line?

Answer 1: 0.416 - j0.059 Mho


Answer 2: 33.33 - j4.762 Mho
Answer 3: 0.667 - j4.673 Mho
Answer 4: 0.0083 - j0.058 Mho

65. Protection of high voltage power lines using a three-zone protection distance relay. If you
want to avoid potential errors, you need to adjust the distance. Zone 3 does not exceed any of
the following values

Answer 1: Emergency Loading Impedance


Answer 2: The impedance of the next transmission line, the longest line
Answer 3: Arc Resistance
Answer 4: Underreach
66. "Lenticular Relay" has the following features:

Answer 1: There is a narrow working area compared to Mho Relay.


Answer 2: To prevent transmission lines in the event of an arc with faults
Answer 3: It is not good to protect the transmission line if there is a high load.
Answer 4: There is a working area on the R-X diagram. It is a triangle.

67. Which of the following concerns the transmission line protection using Distance Relay?

Answer 1: Arc resistance affects Mho Relay rather than Impedance Relay.

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Answer 2: Power Swing will not affect the operation of the distance relay. Because the electrical
system will return to its normal state If the system is large enough
Answer 3: When a fault occurs with and arc resistance will affect the operation of the Reactance
Relay.
Answer 4: Distance relay is suitable for shielding the transmission line because it works very
fast. Regardless of the type of fault or any position on the transmission line

68. How does Power System Swing affect distance relays?

Answer 1: Make the Distance Relays run incorrectly by cutting the circuit if the impedance
value, that the relay sees is higher than the set value.
Answer 2: Make the Distance Relays run incorrectly by cutting the circuit if the impedance, that
the relay sees at that time is lower than the set
Answer 3: Allowing Distance Relays to work to cut the circuit slower than usual.
Answer 4: Does not affect distance relays

69. How does the fault resistance caused by arc affect Distance Relay?

Answer 1: causing the relay to malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,
The relay will not see impedance. The relay will not work.
Answer 2: causing the relay to malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,
The impedance appears at the visible relay going out of the protection zone of the relay that has
been set to the relay.
Answer 3: Making the relay malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,
Relays will slow down.
Answer 4: Fault Resistance caused by arc Does not affect the operation of all types of relay
distance

70. What are the characteristics of the Mho Relay distance relay function on the R-X diagram
mode?

Answer 1: The working area of the relay is circular with the center of origin.
Answer 2: The working area of the relay is square. Cover the origin.
Answer 3: The working area of the relay is circular with a circumference cut through the origin.
Most impedance values fall into the 1st quadrant.
Answer 4: The working area of the relay is trapezoidal, covering the origin.
71. How does the Power System Swing affect the distance relay?

Answer 1: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may overreach
Answer 2: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may underreach
Answer 3: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may cause damage due to
overpressure.
Answer 4: No effect on the relay.

72. One of the impedance relays has a circular motion, with a radius of 4 ohms. The center is at
the origin. When connected with a directional relay (Directional Relay) that has the

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characteristics According to the equation y = -x, what is the impedance value appears where
the relay will not work.

Answer 1: 2 + j3 ohm
Answer 2: 2.5 + j3 ohms
Answer 3: 2 - j3 ohm
Answer 4: 1.5 + 3.5 ohms

73. One transmission line has an impedance including a line of 6 + j8 ohms. When each Fault
occurs, there is very little arc resistance so it can be ignored. If the impedance relay is set to
look like Working in a circle, a radius of 8 ohms with a center point at the origin The relay can
prevent the Fault from thinking about how many percent of the total transmission line length.

Answer 1: 70%
Answer 2: 75%
Answer 3: 80%
Answer 4: 90%
Article: 199
74. Reducing the risk of underreach of distance relay Can be solved by

Answer 1: Adjust the angle of the Impedance Relay more.


Answer 2: Set the angle of Impedance Relay to be less.
Answer 3: Adjust the angle of the Mho Relay more.
Answer 4: Set the angle of the Mho Relay to be less.

75. One of the impedance relays has a circular motion. A radius of 10 ohms has a central point at
the origin. Used together with the reactance relays that have the function according to the
condition of the equation y - 8 = 0, at the intersection between the lines, the behavior of both
relays have R of

Answer 1: 4.0 ohm


Answer 2: 6.0 ohms
Answer 3: 8.0 ohms
Answer 4: 10.0 Ohm
76. What is the feature of the Mho Relay feature?

Answer 1: Most Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram.
Answer 2: A directional relay
Answer 3: Circumference on the R-X diagram at the origin point
Answer 4: If the measured impedance value is greater than the impedance setting, the relay will
work.
77. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1, what is the working time
setting?

Answer 1: Time delay is 0.3 seconds.


Answer 2: Time delay is 0.5 seconds.
Answer 3: 1.0 seconds delay
Answer 4: Adjust to work immediately. (Instantaneous)

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78. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1 should be set to protect the
transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 40 - 50% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.
Answer 2: 50 - 60% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.
Answer 3: 80 - 90% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection
Answer 4: 120% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

79. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 3, will have to set the delay
time to work at the estimated time.

Answer 1: Time delay is approximately 0.3 - 0.5 seconds.


Answer 2: Time delay is approximately 0.5 - 1.0 seconds.
Answer 3: The delay time is about 1.0 - 3.0 seconds.
Answer 4: Time delay is approximately 3.0 - 5.0 seconds.

80. The distance Relay to be used to protect the transmission line has a CT Ratio = 1000/5 A and
VT Ratio = 115 kV / 110 V. What is the multiplier value for adjusting the relay operation?

Answer 1: 0.5130
Answer 2: 0.1913
Answer 3: 0.1713
Answer 4: 0.0213

81. Which of the following relays Arranged in the Distance Relays group

Answer 1: Offset-Mho Relay and Over Current Relay


Answer 2: Reactance Relay and Frequency Relay
Answer 3: Mho Relay and Offset-Mho Relay
Answer 4: Impedance Relay and Under Voltage Relay

82. Impedance Relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of transmission
lines of which length

Answer 1: Transmission line with short length


Answer 2: Medium length transmission lines
Answer 3: Longitudinal cables
Answer 4: The transmission line has a very long cable length.

83. Using distance relay (Distance Relay) to protect power lines Why must the zone of protections
be divided into sections?

Answer 1: To be able to protect the transmission line throughout the length of the cable that
needs protection
Answer 2: In order to be a Back Up Protection, allow the next transmission line
Answer 3: For effective protection, get rid of the Faults quickly, with high reliability. Distinguish
correctly
Answer 4: All right

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84. Which distance relay is suitable for the protection of power lines that have a very long cable
length?

Answer 1: Impedance Relay


Answer 2: Lenticular Relay
Answer 3: Quadrilateral Relay
Answer 4: Mho Relay
Article: 217
85. Which type of relay is suitable for detecting Faults in high voltage power transmission
systems?

Answer 1: Distance Relays


Answer 2: Over Voltage Relays
Answer 3: Directional Power Relays
Answer 4: Under Voltage Relays

86. Which is not the characteristic of faults in the power system?

Answer 1: The occurrence of a short circuit in the electrical system


Answer 2: Under Load of Electric Motor
Answer 3: Over Load of Generator
Answer 4: Loss of Synchronism of Generators

87. Which of the above mentioned "Faults" in the electrical system is wrong from reality?

Answer 1: Faults means only the short circuit in the electrical system.
Answer 2: The occurrence of over load is the Faults in a power system.
Answer 3: Under Frequency is a Faults in a power system.
Answer 4: The occurrence of over voltage is classified as a fault in a power system

88. Faults on the overhead line in a 3-phase system, which has the highest frequency of
occurrence

Answer 1: Single Line to Ground Fault


Answer 2: Line to Line Fault
Answer 3: Line to Line to Ground Fault

89. What are the features of SF6 Circuit Breaker?

Answer 1: Low dielectric strength Use the high-pressure interrupting current to reduce the arc
pressure.
Answer 2: Low dielectric strength Use low-pressure arc-resistant interrupting currents
Answer 3: High dielectric strength Use high pressure compression quenching to withstand high
interrupting currents.
Answer 4: High dielectric strength Use low-pressure arc-resistant interrupting currents
Article: 256
90. What are the properties of Vacuum Circuit Breaker?

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Answer 1: High dielectric strength Use the pressure-interrupter arc quenching without frequent
maintenance.
Answer 2: High dielectric strength Use pressure-reducing interrupter to require frequent
maintenance.
Answer 3: High dielectric strength Use the arc quenching in a vacuum condition. Interrupter
requires frequent maintenance.
Answer 4: Use the arc quenching in vacuum. With high dielectric strength. Interrupter does not
require frequent maintenance.

91. Which is not a protective system?

Answer 1: Circuit Breaker & Trip Circuit


Answer 2: Power Transformer
Answer 3: Instrument Transformers
Answer 4: Batteries

92. What are "Instrument Transformers"?

Answer 1: 1 type: Current Transformer


Answer 2: 2 types: Current Transformer and Voltage Transformer
Answer 3: 2 types: Current Transformer and Transducer
Answer 4: 3 types: Current Transformer, Voltage Transformer and Transducer

93. Standard secondary current of current transformer For the current protection system, what is
the standard value?

Answer 1: 1 A. and 3 A.
Answer 2: 1 A. and 5 A.
Answer 3: 5 A. and 10 A.
Answer 4: 5 A. and 50 A.
Article: 262
94. Current transformer transformers (CT), the size of the Burden 15 VA with a flow rate of 200/5
A Accuracy Class 10 P 20, Accuracy Limit Factor (ALF) is how much?

Answer 1: ALF is equal to 20 times


Answer 2: ALF is equal to 10 times
Answer 3: ALF is equal to 15 times
Answer 4: ALF is equal to 40 times

95. Current transformer (CT) with coordinate size, Burden 15 VA, test rate 200/5 A Accuracy Class
10 P 20, What is the value of composite error?

Answer 1: 5%
Answer 2: 10%

96. Which is not the function of the current transformer (CT)?

Answer 1: Convert the current size of the electrical system, from high value to a low value. For
the sake of measurement and protection
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Answer 2: Separate the secondary circuit from the primary circuit for the safety of the operator.
Answer 3: Make it possible to use the standard current for Secondary
Answer 4: Convert the current of the electrical system to a low value. For the sake of protection

97. "Rated Burden" of the current transformer (CT) means

Answer 1: Secondary standard current value of current transformer


Answer 2: Secondary voltage rating of current transformer
Answer 3: The primary voltage rating of the current transformer
Answer 4: The maximum load rating of the secondary circuit of the current transformer may be
defined as VA or Ohm.

98. "CCVT" stands for what?

Answer 1: Coupling Capacitor Voltage Transformer


Answer 2: Coupling Circuit Voltage Transformer
Answer 3: Constant Coupling Voltage Transformer
Answer 4: Circuit Capacitor Voltage Transformer

99. Which terms describe the meaning of the device "CCVT" correctly

Answer 1: Using a capacitor in parallel with a pressure transformer for convenience and
accuracy in measurement
Answer 2: Application of a voltage-controlled transformer with a low voltage of capacitor diode
Answer 3: High-voltage attenuation by using a voltage transformer with voltage diode controller
on the secondary side of the transformer.
Answer 4: Application of a transformer to test the voltage to the serial with a high voltage
regulator to save costs.
Article: 266

100. What is the secondary standard Voltage of Voltage transformer: VT that is currently in
use?

Answer 1: 100 V. and 220 V.


Answer 2: 110 V. and 120 V.
Answer 3: 220 V. and 380 V.
Answer 4: 100 V. and 150 V.

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Answer Sheet

Q A Q A Q A Q A
1 3 26 2 51 2 76 1
2 2 27 2 52 3 77 4
3 4 28 4 53 2 78 3
4 2 29 4 54 2 79 2
5 2 30 4 55 3 80 2
6 1 31 4 56 2 81 3
7 4 32 1 57 1 82 2
8 2 33 2 58 3 83 4
9 2 34 4 59 4 84 2
10 4 35 4 60 2 85 1
11 2 36 4 61 2 86 1
12 2 37 3 62 4 87 1
13 3 38 2 63 2 88 1
14 4 39 1 64 4 89 3
15 3 40 2 65 1 90 3
16 1 41 2 66 1 91 2
17 4 42 4 67 1 92 2
18 3 43 2 68 2 93 2
19 2 44 4 69 2 94 1
20 3 45 2 70 3 95 2
21 4 46 1 71 1 96 1
22 1 47 3 72 3 97 4
23 2 48 2 73 3 98 1
24 1 49 1 74 4 99 2
25 3 50 3 75 3 100 2

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