MCQs Protection Engineering Booklet 2

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MCQs Protection Engineering Booklet 2

© All Rights Reserved

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Publications

Power system Protection-

Booklet-2

OEP

1

MCQs

Answer 1: When the current value is greater than the value of Pick up

Answer 2: When the direction of the current exceeds the limit given to the relay

Answer 3: When the Power Factor angle value is higher than the set value

Answer 4: All right

2. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 90-degree connection – MTA is 45 degrees at phase

A. The relay will signal trip, when the phase A phase Tripping zone has an angle

Answer 2: From 45 degrees Leading to 135 degrees Lagging

Answer 3: From 45 degrees Lagging to 135 degrees Leading

Answer 4: From 0 degrees to 180 degrees Lagging

Answer 1: It is set to allow relays in many systems. Work group by allowing the same type of

relay to work simultaneously

Answer 2: It is a sequence of protection. By allowing relays that are near the source to work first

and a remote relay to act as a backup

Answer 3: It is set to allow relays in many systems. Coordinate By allowing relays that are far

from the most paid source to work first and relays that are in the position near the source

The work is the next order without the need for grading margins.

Answer 4: It is a sequence of protection. By allowing the main relay (Primary Relay) near the

point of short circuit to work first and the backup relay that is far away has a is long enough

Grading margin value to ensure that the backup relay will operate only if primary protection fail

to operate.

4. Very Inverse Overcurrent Relay has the following settings: Time Multiplier Setting (TMS) = 0.3,

CT Ratio = 1000/1 A by setting the current to 100%, if the Fault current 10,000 A Calculate how

much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 2: 0.45 seconds

Answer 3: 0.90 seconds

Answer 4: 4.00 seconds

5. Over current relays have a Standard Inverse operation (SI) [IEC 60255] with a TMS setting of

0.5. If using the CT Ratio 800/5 A and adjusting the current to 100%, The fault current is equal

to 5,000 A. Calculate how much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 2: 1.875 seconds

Answer 3: 0.945 seconds

Answer 4: 3.750 seconds

2

6. Over current relays with Very Inverse operation (VI) [IEC 60255] by setting TMS to 0.6 if using

CT Ratio 600/5 A and adjusting the current to 100%, the fault current is equal to 4,000 A.

Calculate how much time the relay needs to operate?

Answer 2: 2.025 seconds

Answer 3: 2.382 seconds

Answer 4: 3.375 seconds

7. Over current relays with Standard Inverse (SI) Curve operation, Fault current is 4,000 A If you

want the relay to operate at 1.5 seconds, CT Ratio is 800/5,current value setting is 100%, what

will be the TMS setting?

Answer 2: TMS = 0.2

Answer 3: TMS = 0.25

Answer 4: TMS = 0.35

8. Over current relays with Extremely Inverse (EI) operation, fault current is 5,000 A. CT Ratio is

800/5, current setting or PSM is 125%, If you want the relay to operates at 2.0 seconds, how

much TMS value should be adjusted?

Answer 2: TMS = 0.60

Answer 3: TMS = 1.19

Answer 4: TMS = 0.95

9. Extremely Inverse Overcurrent Relay is set as follows: Time Multiplier Setting (TMS) = 0.2, CT

Ratio = 1000/5 A, Pick Up Value = 4 A. Fault = 8,000 A Calculate how much time relay need to

works?

Answer 2: 0.16 seconds

Answer 3: 0.25 seconds

Answer 4: 0.33 seconds

10. What are the characteristics of over current relays? Popular today

Answer 2: Definite Current Overcurrent Characteristics

Answer 3: Inverse Time Overcurrent Characteristics

Answer 4: Inverse Definite Minimum Time Overcurrent Characteristics

11. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 60-degree connection, when considering only relays

at Phase A, which quantity is Operating and which quantity is Polarizing respectively

Answer 1: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between phase B-C is Polarizing

3

Answer 2: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between the B-C

phase and the A-C phase is Polarizing

Answer 3: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between Phase A-B is Polarizing

Answer 4: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between phase A-B

and phase A-C is Polarizing

12. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay with 90-degree connection when considering only relays

at Phase A, which quantity is Operating and which quantity is Polarizing respectively

Answer 1: current phase A as Operating and the voltage between phase B-C is Polarizing

Answer 2: current phase A as Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between the B-C

phase and the A-C phase is Polarizing

Answer 3: current phase A to Operating and the voltage between Phase A-B is Polarizing

Answer 4: current phase A to Operating and the sum of the voltage vector between phase A-B

and phase A-C is Polarizing

13. Electromechanical phase directional overcurrent relay type 90-degree connection - 45-degree

MTA. Angle between Operating Quantity and Polarizing, what is the maximum amount of

torque generated?

Answer 2: The maximum torque will occur at a 90-degree angle.

Answer 3: The maximum torque occurs at a 45-degree angle.

Answer 4: The maximum torque occurs at a 60-degree angle.

14. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay connected to the current transformer (CT) with Current

Ratio of 1000/5 A, TMS = 0.2, set at 100% if the current size is caused 5,000 A, relay operating

time is

Answer 2: 4.30 seconds

Answer 3: 0.80 seconds

Answer 4: 0.86 seconds

15. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay connected to the current transformer (CT) with Current

Ratio of 1000/1 A, TMS = 0.1, adjusted to 125% if the current size of the fault occurs 5,000 A,

relay operating time is

Answer 2: 5.0 seconds

Answer 3: 0.5 seconds

Answer 4: 0.43 seconds

16. Protection of Earth Fault Protection in a 3-phase power system with Residual Connected

method. Where current transformer (CT) is required?

Answer 2: CT per Delta

4

Answer 3: CT per Open Delta

Answer 4: Nothing is right.

17. Phase Directional Overcurrent Relay Type Electromechanical type 90-degree Connection - 30-

degree MTA. What is the maximum torque that the Power Factor angle?

Answer 1: 0 degrees

Answer 2: 30 degrees

Answer 3: 45 degrees

Answer 4: 60 degrees

18. Standard Inverse Overcurrent Relay is compatible with CT Ratio = 1000/5 A, Pick Up Value = 5

A, TMS = 0.1. When the Fault Current is 15 times the Relay Setting, how long does it work?

Answer 2: 2.5 seconds

Answer 3: 0.25 seconds

Answer 4: 1.5 seconds

19. Overcurrent Relay has a Curve of Long Time Inverse (LTI) in accordance with IEC 60255, where

the PSM = 5 and TMS = 1, relays will work for 30 seconds. Let the relay work with 3.0 seconds

at the same PMS value. What is the TMS value?

Answer 1: 10.0

Answer 2: 0.1

Answer 3: 0.2

Answer 4: 0.01

20. Phase directional overcurrent relay of 90-degree connection type - 45 degree MTA. At

maximum torque, the power factor is

Answer 1: PF = 1.0

Answer 2: PF = 0.5 lagging

Answer 3: PF = 0.707 lagging

Answer 4: PF = 0.866 lagging

21. Ground Directional Overcurrent Relay, when Single Line to Ground Faults occur. polarization

voltage is

Answer 2: equal to the voltage, zero sequence pressure of the phase that causes short-circuit

grounding

Answer 3: Approximately 3 times the zero-sequence current of the phase that causes short-circuit

grounding

Answer 4: Approximately 3 times the pressure of the zero sequence of the phase that causes

short-circuit grounding

5

22. How to use the Residual Current as a Polarizing Signal to detect the direction of the Ground

Faults. What should I do?

Answer 1: Bring the current signal from the connected CT at the neutral point of the device to

Polarizing Signal.

Answer 2: Bring the current signal which is obtained from CT in all 3 phases at the secondary

side of the coil.

Answer 3: Bring the pressure signal obtained from VT to Y through resistance to Polarizing

Signal.

Answer 4: Bring the current signal obtained from CT in the window through the 3 wires to

Polarizing Signal

23. Radial distribution system as shown below Requiring both relays have a standard operation

Inverse (SI) [IEC 60255]. Discrimination Between relays at Bus A and at Bus B using Grading

Margin = 0.35 seconds and adjust the settings as specified to calculate the time that the relay

at Bus B runs when the Fault occurs as shown

Answer 2: : relay Operates at Bus B = 0.5 seconds

Answer 3: relay Operates at Bus B = 2.97 seconds

Answer 4: relay Operates at Bus B = 3.32 seconds

24. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays have an Extremely

Inverse (EI) function [IEC 60255] if the relay is adjusted as specified in the figure,

Discrimination Between the relays at Bus A and the relay at Bus B using Grading Margin = 0.35

seconds, how much is the TMS of the relay B at Bus B

6

Answer 1: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.06

Answer 2: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.433

Answer 3: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.35

Answer 4: Relay at Bus B, set TMS = 0.19

25. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays Curves are Extremely

Inverse (EI) operation [IEC 60255]. If the relay at Bus B is set to Back up protection of the relay

at Bus A using the difference of working time (Grading Margin) equal to 0.35 seconds when

the Fault occur within the Primary Zone (F2) of the relay of Bus B itself, then How much time

the relay at Bus B will require to pick up,

Answer 2: 0.350 seconds

Answer 3: 0.137 seconds

Answer 4: 0.260 seconds

26. The Radial System distribution system, as shown, requires both relays to have a Standard

Inverse (SI) operation curve according to IEC 60255. If the relay at Bus B is set to be done Work

as a backup protection for the relay at Bus A, with a margin of time = 0.35 seconds. Ask how

much TMS of the relay B must be adjusted at Bus B

7

Answer 1: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.176

Answer 2: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.078

Answer 3: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.095

Answer 4: TMS of relay at Bus B = 0.35

27. If you want to make Earth Fault Protection with Overcurrent Relay, the Relay Number is

Answer 1: 50, 51

Answer 2: 50N, 51N

Answer 3: 67

Answer 4: 87

28. Over current relays Extremely Inverse (EI) [IEC 60255] by setting TMS to 0.5 if using CT Ratio

1200/5 A and adjusting the current to 100% When the fault occurs and the value is equal to

7,000 A. What will be the tripping time?

Answer 2: 2.422 seconds

Answer 3: 1.667 seconds

Answer 4: 1.211 seconds

29. Ground Directional Overcurrent Relay can use Which quantity to make a "Polarizing Signal" to

let the relay know the direction.

Answer 2: only the Residual Current

Answer 3: Residual Voltage only

Answer 4: both Residual Current and Residual Voltage

30. In High voltage power transmission protection, in general what type of relay is used to protect

Answer 2: Overcurrent Relay

Answer 3: Differential Relay

Answer 4: Distance Relay

8

Answer 1: CT

Answer 2: VT

Answer 3: Instrument

Answer 4: CT and VT

32. Analysis of the operation of the relay. The distance is generally used which diagram?

Answer 2: V-I Diagram

Answer 3: P.F. Diagram

Answer 4: I-T Diagram

33. In the Ground Fault Distance Relay setting for protection, when a single line to ground fault

(SLG) occurs, which parameters must be considered

Answer 2: Compensation Factor

Answer 3: Full Load Current

Answer 4: Frequency Factor

Answer 2: Use the impedance size only in setting the relay.

Answer 3: If the measured impedance value is greater than the impedance setting, the relay will

work.

Answer 4: It is a non-directional distance relay and uses only the impedance size in the relay

setting.

Answer 1: Most of Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram.

Answer 2: It is a self-contained relay.

Answer 3: Circumference on the R-X diagram is at the origin point

Answer 4: Most of Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram and is a self-

contained relay

36. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1, what is the working time

setting?

Answer 2: Time delay is 0.5 seconds.

Answer 3: 1.0 seconds delay

Answer 4: Adjust to work immediately. (Instantaneous)

37. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1 should be set to protect the

transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 40 - 50% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.

9

Answer 2: 50 - 60% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.

Answer 3: 80 - 90% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

Answer 4: 120% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

38. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 2 should be set to protect the

transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 90 - 100% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.

Answer 2: 120 - 150% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

Answer 3: 180 - 200% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

39. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 2 will have to set

Answer 2: Delay time about 0.8 seconds.

Answer 3: Delay time about 1.0 seconds.

Answer 4: Time delay about 1.5 seconds.

40. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 3, will have to set

Answer 2: Time delay approximately 0.5 - 1.0 seconds.

Answer 3: The delay time about 1.0 - 3.0 seconds.

Answer 4: Time delay approximately 3.0 - 5.0 seconds.

41. Relay The distance to be used to protect the transmission line has a CT Ratio = 1000/5 A and

VT Ratio = 115 kV / 110 V. What is the multiplier value for adjusting the relay operation?

Answer 1: 0.5130

Answer 2: 0.1913

Answer 3: 0.1713

Answer 4: 0.0213

42. Which of the following relays Arranged in the Distance Relays group

Answer 2: Reactance Relay

Answer 3: Mho Relay

Answer 4: All right

43. Impedance Relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of transmission

lines of any length

Answer 2: Medium length transmission lines

Answer 3: Longitudinal cables

Answer 4: The transmission line has a very long cable length.

44. Using distance relay (Distance Relay) to protect power lines Why the zone of protections be

divided into sections?

10

Answer 1: To be able to protect the transmission line throughout the length of the cable that

needs protection

Answer 2: In order to be a Back Up Protection, allow the next transmission line

Answer 3: For effective protection, get rid of the Faults quickly, with high reliability.

Distinguish correctly

Answer 4: All right

45. Which distance relay is suitable for the protection of power lines that have a very long cable

length?

Answer 2: Lenticular Relay

Answer 3: Quadrilateral Relay

Answer 4: Mho Relay

46. Which type of relay is suitable for detecting Faults in high voltage power transmission

systems?

Answer 2: Over Voltage Relays

Answer 3: Directional Power Relays

Answer 4: Under Voltage Relays

Answer 1: If the impedance appears at the relay, the value is higher than the impedance set.

Relay will work

Answer 2: If the impedance appears at the relay, the value is lower than the set impedance Relay

will work

Answer 3: If the impedance appears at the relay is equal to the set impedance Relays may or may

not work.

Answer 4: Article 2 and Article 3 are correct.

Answer 2: Impedance Relay

Answer 3: Lenticular Relay

Answer 4: Offset Mho Relay

Answer 2: Impedance Relay

Answer 3: Reactance Relay

Answer 4: Article 1 and 2 are correct.

11

Answer 1: Relay failure

Answer 2: The correct operation of the relay

Answer 3: At Long distance on the transmission line Whenever the Faults occur, the relay works

Answer 4: At Long distance on the transmission line Whenever the Faults occur, the relay does

not work.

Answer 1: The distance relay sees the location of the spot where the faults are far more than the

set value.

Answer 2: The distance relay sees the location of the point where the faults are closer than reach

value.

Answer 3: The distance relay does not see the location of the Faults.

Answer 4: The distance relay sees the location of the spot where the Faults but does not work.

52. Reactance Relay (Reactance Relay) is a distance relay that will work when

Answer 1: The relay sees the impedance value lower than the set value.

Answer 2: The relay sees the impedance value higher than the set value.

Answer 3: The relay sees the reactance value lower than the set value.

Answer 4: Relays see the reactance value higher than the set value.

53. Why do we use Distance Relay to protect high voltage power lines?

Answer 1: Because the distance relay is cheaper than other relays and convenient to use

Answer 2: Because the short-circuit current in the power system depends on the system

configuration, we therefore use impedance measurement per distance instead of other relays.

Answer 3: Because the distance relay is a relay that uses both current and operating voltage, it is

more reliable than using other relays.

Answer 4: Because the distance relay is a directional relay, it is more reliable than using other

relays.

54. High-voltage power lines have an impedance per phase of 1 + j10 ohms / phase. Determine

how much the size and angle of impedance respectively are.

Answer 2: 10.05 ohms, phase angle 84.29 degrees / phase

Answer 3: 1.00-ohm, phase angle of 10 degrees / phase

Answer 4: 10.00-ohm, phase angle 10 degrees / phase

55. The high-voltage power line has an impedance per phase of 10 ohms, a 70-degree angle. If you

want to protect the transmission line, you can get 80% of the entire line length. Adjustable

impedance value, what is the setting

Answer 1: 10 ohms

Answer 2: 9 ohms

Answer 3: 8 ohms

Answer 4: 7 ohms

12

56. The impedance value is the value that the distance relay sees when knowing the CT Ratio and

VT Ratio values must be multiplied by any multiplier.

Answer 2: VT Ratio / CT Ratio

Answer 3: CT Ratio / VT Ratio

Answer 4: CT Ratio x VT Ratio

57. The setting for Phase Fault Distance Relay must use which Sequence Impedance to adjust the

settings for the relay.

Answer 2: Negative Sequence Impedance

Answer 3: Zero Sequence Impedance

Answer 4: Positive and Negative Sequence Impedance

Article: 180

58. When the Arc Fault occurs in the power transmission line The operation of any of the

following relays has the least risk of underreach problems.

Answer 2: Impedance Relay

Answer 3: Reactance Relay

Answer 4: Admittance Relay

59. The transmission line size 2.5 + j3.5 ohm must set the value of the impedance relay to the

maximum value. Therefore, able to protect the LTC ARC Fault with the size of 1.0 ohms

Answer 2: 2.0 + j4 ohms

Answer 3: 3 + j4 ohm

Answer 4: 3.5 + j3.5 ohm

60. Which of the following are the impedance relay properties of the impedance relay?

Answer 1: Impedance relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of medium-

length transmission lines.

Answer 2: When the Power Swing occurs in the electrical system Impedance relays still function

correctly without impact.

Answer 3: If there is an arc short circuit, the impedance relay will fail.

Answer 4: If you want the relay impedance to work in the direction Must be used in conjunction

with a directional relay

61. "Quadrilateral Relay" is a suitable relay for use in which manner of protection.

Answer 1: Used for shielding the transmission line when the Faults occur between phase

conductors

Answer 2: Used for the protection of the transmission line when the faults occur between the

phase conductor and the ground

13

Answer 3: Used for protection When the phase conductor cable of the feeder line falls out on the

ground

Answer 4: Used for protection When there is a short circuit between the phase conductor cable of

the input cable

62. Which of the following relay Is the main relay used to protect the three-phase high-voltage

power transmission line (Step Three Zone Protection)

Answer 2: Mho relay and Reactance relay

Answer 3: Quadrilateral relay and Impedance relay

Answer 4: Article 2 and Article 3 are correct.

63. One relay reactance has the function according to the equation y = 4.5. If a transmission line

has a total impedance of 4 + j4 ohms, assuming that the fault at the end of the transmission

line and The arc resistance is 0.5 ohm. What is the response of the relay?

Answer 2: The relay will operate correctly because the relay can see the fault.

Answer 3: Relays are slow because the arc resistance is higher than the relay can see.

Answer 4: The relay is faulty because the fault is outside the relay zone of the relay.

64. One line of transmission is 80 km long with the impedance Z = 0.03 + j 0.21 Ohm / km. What is

the admittance of this transmission line?

Answer 2: 33.33 - j4.762 Mho

Answer 3: 0.667 - j4.673 Mho

Answer 4: 0.0083 - j0.058 Mho

65. Protection of high voltage power lines using a three-zone protection distance relay. If you

want to avoid potential errors, you need to adjust the distance. Zone 3 does not exceed any of

the following values

Answer 2: The impedance of the next transmission line, the longest line

Answer 3: Arc Resistance

Answer 4: Underreach

66. "Lenticular Relay" has the following features:

Answer 2: To prevent transmission lines in the event of an arc with faults

Answer 3: It is not good to protect the transmission line if there is a high load.

Answer 4: There is a working area on the R-X diagram. It is a triangle.

67. Which of the following concerns the transmission line protection using Distance Relay?

Answer 1: Arc resistance affects Mho Relay rather than Impedance Relay.

14

Answer 2: Power Swing will not affect the operation of the distance relay. Because the electrical

system will return to its normal state If the system is large enough

Answer 3: When a fault occurs with and arc resistance will affect the operation of the Reactance

Relay.

Answer 4: Distance relay is suitable for shielding the transmission line because it works very

fast. Regardless of the type of fault or any position on the transmission line

Answer 1: Make the Distance Relays run incorrectly by cutting the circuit if the impedance

value, that the relay sees is higher than the set value.

Answer 2: Make the Distance Relays run incorrectly by cutting the circuit if the impedance, that

the relay sees at that time is lower than the set

Answer 3: Allowing Distance Relays to work to cut the circuit slower than usual.

Answer 4: Does not affect distance relays

69. How does the fault resistance caused by arc affect Distance Relay?

Answer 1: causing the relay to malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,

The relay will not see impedance. The relay will not work.

Answer 2: causing the relay to malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,

The impedance appears at the visible relay going out of the protection zone of the relay that has

been set to the relay.

Answer 3: Making the relay malfunction if Fault Resistance caused by the arc is very valuable,

Relays will slow down.

Answer 4: Fault Resistance caused by arc Does not affect the operation of all types of relay

distance

70. What are the characteristics of the Mho Relay distance relay function on the R-X diagram

mode?

Answer 1: The working area of the relay is circular with the center of origin.

Answer 2: The working area of the relay is square. Cover the origin.

Answer 3: The working area of the relay is circular with a circumference cut through the origin.

Most impedance values fall into the 1st quadrant.

Answer 4: The working area of the relay is trapezoidal, covering the origin.

71. How does the Power System Swing affect the distance relay?

Answer 1: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may overreach

Answer 2: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may underreach

Answer 3: When the Power System Swing occurs, the relay may cause damage due to

overpressure.

Answer 4: No effect on the relay.

72. One of the impedance relays has a circular motion, with a radius of 4 ohms. The center is at

the origin. When connected with a directional relay (Directional Relay) that has the

15

characteristics According to the equation y = -x, what is the impedance value appears where

the relay will not work.

Answer 1: 2 + j3 ohm

Answer 2: 2.5 + j3 ohms

Answer 3: 2 - j3 ohm

Answer 4: 1.5 + 3.5 ohms

73. One transmission line has an impedance including a line of 6 + j8 ohms. When each Fault

occurs, there is very little arc resistance so it can be ignored. If the impedance relay is set to

look like Working in a circle, a radius of 8 ohms with a center point at the origin The relay can

prevent the Fault from thinking about how many percent of the total transmission line length.

Answer 1: 70%

Answer 2: 75%

Answer 3: 80%

Answer 4: 90%

Article: 199

74. Reducing the risk of underreach of distance relay Can be solved by

Answer 2: Set the angle of Impedance Relay to be less.

Answer 3: Adjust the angle of the Mho Relay more.

Answer 4: Set the angle of the Mho Relay to be less.

75. One of the impedance relays has a circular motion. A radius of 10 ohms has a central point at

the origin. Used together with the reactance relays that have the function according to the

condition of the equation y - 8 = 0, at the intersection between the lines, the behavior of both

relays have R of

Answer 2: 6.0 ohms

Answer 3: 8.0 ohms

Answer 4: 10.0 Ohm

76. What is the feature of the Mho Relay feature?

Answer 1: Most Impedance falls into the 1st quadrant on the R-X diagram.

Answer 2: A directional relay

Answer 3: Circumference on the R-X diagram at the origin point

Answer 4: If the measured impedance value is greater than the impedance setting, the relay will

work.

77. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1, what is the working time

setting?

Answer 2: Time delay is 0.5 seconds.

Answer 3: 1.0 seconds delay

Answer 4: Adjust to work immediately. (Instantaneous)

16

78. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 1 should be set to protect the

transmission line in the approximate distance

Answer 1: 40 - 50% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.

Answer 2: 50 - 60% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection.

Answer 3: 80 - 90% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

Answer 4: 120% of the transmission line length in the range that needs protection

79. Setting the distance relay, Step Distance Protection, Relay Zone 3, will have to set the delay

time to work at the estimated time.

Answer 2: Time delay is approximately 0.5 - 1.0 seconds.

Answer 3: The delay time is about 1.0 - 3.0 seconds.

Answer 4: Time delay is approximately 3.0 - 5.0 seconds.

80. The distance Relay to be used to protect the transmission line has a CT Ratio = 1000/5 A and

VT Ratio = 115 kV / 110 V. What is the multiplier value for adjusting the relay operation?

Answer 1: 0.5130

Answer 2: 0.1913

Answer 3: 0.1713

Answer 4: 0.0213

81. Which of the following relays Arranged in the Distance Relays group

Answer 2: Reactance Relay and Frequency Relay

Answer 3: Mho Relay and Offset-Mho Relay

Answer 4: Impedance Relay and Under Voltage Relay

82. Impedance Relay is suitable for preventing short-circuit between the phase of transmission

lines of which length

Answer 2: Medium length transmission lines

Answer 3: Longitudinal cables

Answer 4: The transmission line has a very long cable length.

83. Using distance relay (Distance Relay) to protect power lines Why must the zone of protections

be divided into sections?

Answer 1: To be able to protect the transmission line throughout the length of the cable that

needs protection

Answer 2: In order to be a Back Up Protection, allow the next transmission line

Answer 3: For effective protection, get rid of the Faults quickly, with high reliability. Distinguish

correctly

Answer 4: All right

17

84. Which distance relay is suitable for the protection of power lines that have a very long cable

length?

Answer 2: Lenticular Relay

Answer 3: Quadrilateral Relay

Answer 4: Mho Relay

Article: 217

85. Which type of relay is suitable for detecting Faults in high voltage power transmission

systems?

Answer 2: Over Voltage Relays

Answer 3: Directional Power Relays

Answer 4: Under Voltage Relays

Answer 2: Under Load of Electric Motor

Answer 3: Over Load of Generator

Answer 4: Loss of Synchronism of Generators

87. Which of the above mentioned "Faults" in the electrical system is wrong from reality?

Answer 1: Faults means only the short circuit in the electrical system.

Answer 2: The occurrence of over load is the Faults in a power system.

Answer 3: Under Frequency is a Faults in a power system.

Answer 4: The occurrence of over voltage is classified as a fault in a power system

88. Faults on the overhead line in a 3-phase system, which has the highest frequency of

occurrence

Answer 2: Line to Line Fault

Answer 3: Line to Line to Ground Fault

Answer 1: Low dielectric strength Use the high-pressure interrupting current to reduce the arc

pressure.

Answer 2: Low dielectric strength Use low-pressure arc-resistant interrupting currents

Answer 3: High dielectric strength Use high pressure compression quenching to withstand high

interrupting currents.

Answer 4: High dielectric strength Use low-pressure arc-resistant interrupting currents

Article: 256

90. What are the properties of Vacuum Circuit Breaker?

18

Answer 1: High dielectric strength Use the pressure-interrupter arc quenching without frequent

maintenance.

Answer 2: High dielectric strength Use pressure-reducing interrupter to require frequent

maintenance.

Answer 3: High dielectric strength Use the arc quenching in a vacuum condition. Interrupter

requires frequent maintenance.

Answer 4: Use the arc quenching in vacuum. With high dielectric strength. Interrupter does not

require frequent maintenance.

Answer 2: Power Transformer

Answer 3: Instrument Transformers

Answer 4: Batteries

Answer 2: 2 types: Current Transformer and Voltage Transformer

Answer 3: 2 types: Current Transformer and Transducer

Answer 4: 3 types: Current Transformer, Voltage Transformer and Transducer

93. Standard secondary current of current transformer For the current protection system, what is

the standard value?

Answer 1: 1 A. and 3 A.

Answer 2: 1 A. and 5 A.

Answer 3: 5 A. and 10 A.

Answer 4: 5 A. and 50 A.

Article: 262

94. Current transformer transformers (CT), the size of the Burden 15 VA with a flow rate of 200/5

A Accuracy Class 10 P 20, Accuracy Limit Factor (ALF) is how much?

Answer 2: ALF is equal to 10 times

Answer 3: ALF is equal to 15 times

Answer 4: ALF is equal to 40 times

95. Current transformer (CT) with coordinate size, Burden 15 VA, test rate 200/5 A Accuracy Class

10 P 20, What is the value of composite error?

Answer 1: 5%

Answer 2: 10%

Answer 1: Convert the current size of the electrical system, from high value to a low value. For

the sake of measurement and protection

19

Answer 2: Separate the secondary circuit from the primary circuit for the safety of the operator.

Answer 3: Make it possible to use the standard current for Secondary

Answer 4: Convert the current of the electrical system to a low value. For the sake of protection

Answer 2: Secondary voltage rating of current transformer

Answer 3: The primary voltage rating of the current transformer

Answer 4: The maximum load rating of the secondary circuit of the current transformer may be

defined as VA or Ohm.

Answer 2: Coupling Circuit Voltage Transformer

Answer 3: Constant Coupling Voltage Transformer

Answer 4: Circuit Capacitor Voltage Transformer

99. Which terms describe the meaning of the device "CCVT" correctly

Answer 1: Using a capacitor in parallel with a pressure transformer for convenience and

accuracy in measurement

Answer 2: Application of a voltage-controlled transformer with a low voltage of capacitor diode

Answer 3: High-voltage attenuation by using a voltage transformer with voltage diode controller

on the secondary side of the transformer.

Answer 4: Application of a transformer to test the voltage to the serial with a high voltage

regulator to save costs.

Article: 266

100. What is the secondary standard Voltage of Voltage transformer: VT that is currently in

use?

Answer 2: 110 V. and 120 V.

Answer 3: 220 V. and 380 V.

Answer 4: 100 V. and 150 V.

20

Answer Sheet

Q A Q A Q A Q A

1 3 26 2 51 2 76 1

2 2 27 2 52 3 77 4

3 4 28 4 53 2 78 3

4 2 29 4 54 2 79 2

5 2 30 4 55 3 80 2

6 1 31 4 56 2 81 3

7 4 32 1 57 1 82 2

8 2 33 2 58 3 83 4

9 2 34 4 59 4 84 2

10 4 35 4 60 2 85 1

11 2 36 4 61 2 86 1

12 2 37 3 62 4 87 1

13 3 38 2 63 2 88 1

14 4 39 1 64 4 89 3

15 3 40 2 65 1 90 3

16 1 41 2 66 1 91 2

17 4 42 4 67 1 92 2

18 3 43 2 68 2 93 2

19 2 44 4 69 2 94 1

20 3 45 2 70 3 95 2

21 4 46 1 71 1 96 1

22 1 47 3 72 3 97 4

23 2 48 2 73 3 98 1

24 1 49 1 74 4 99 2

25 3 50 3 75 3 100 2

21

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