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NASACONTRACTOR K-2835
REPORT

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ANALYSIS A N D COMPILATION
OF MISSILE AERODYNAMIC DATA
Volume I - Data Presentation and Analysis

James 0,Nichols

Prepared by
AUBURN UNIVERSITY
Auburn, Ala. 36830
jor Langley Research Center

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS A N D SPACE A D M I N I S T R A T I O N WASHINGTON, 0. C. M A Y 1977


1. Report No. 2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
NASA CR-2835
4. Title and Subtitle 5. Report Date
ANALYSIS AND COMPILATION OF MISSILE AERODYNAMIC DATA - VOLUME I May 1977
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
I 6. Performing Organization Code

0. Performing Organization Report No.


7. Author(r1

James 0. Nichols
10. Work Unit No.
9. PerformingOrganization Name and Address
Aerospace Engineering Department
Auburn U n i v e r s i t y 11. Contract or Grant No.
Auburn, Alabama 36830 NSG 1002
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
2. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address Contractor Report
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Langley Research Center 14. Sponsoring Agency Code
Hampton, VA 23365

7. Key Words (Suggested by Author(s)) 18. Distribution Statement


M i s s i 1es

M i s s i 1e Configurations Unclassified - Unlimited


M i s s i l e Performance
Subject Category 02
9. Security Classif. (of this report) ' 20. Security Classif. (of this page) 21. NO. of psges 22. Rice'

Unci a s s i f i e d Unclassified 124 $5.50


FOREWORD

The d e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of a number of t e c h n i c a l documents which con-

t a i n missile aerodynamic d a t a and t h e need t o f a c i l i t a t e t h e dissemina-

t i o n of t h i s d a t a t o p o t e n t i a l u s e r s prompted t h e work reported h e r e i n .

It was f e l t t h a t t h e t a s k could have educational b e n e f i t s t o s e n i o r

l e v e l aerospace engineering s t u d e n t s and could be incorporated i n t o

t h e i r r e g u l a r academic work. Those s t u d e n t s who p a r t i c i p a t e d received

academic c r e d i t f o r Aeronautical Problems 1 and 2; Aerospace Design 1

and 2; and Missile.Aerodynamics. P a r t i c i p a t i o n w a s on a v o l u n t e e r b a s i s

s i n c e t h e Problems and Design courses are i n d i v i d u a l e f f o r t type l a b o r a t o r y

courses and M i s s i l e Aerodynamics is a s e n i o r level t e c h n i c a l elective.

Altogether some 1 5 t o 20 s t u d e n t s have been involved.

A g r a n t from t h e National Aeronautics and Space Administration pro-

vided t h e necessary funds f o r class materials, f i e l d t r i p s , and f o r

p r e p a r a t i o n and p u b l i c a t i o n of t h e r e p o r t . M r . Leroy Spearman of NASA's

Langley Research Center h a s served as Technical O f f i c e r f o r t h i s grant

and provided t h e documents which were used.

This f i n a l r e p o r t , Analysis and Compilation of Missile Aerodynamic

Data, is presented i n two volumes. Volume I contains t h e a n a l y s i s and

compilation of d a t a and Volume 11, which w i l l be compiled by D r . John

E. Burkhalter, w i l l contain t h e r e s u l t s of some performance analyses

based on t h e d a t a .

An i n t e r i m r e p o r t w a s submitted December 31, 1974, which contained

a compilation of t h e l o n g i t u d i n a l d a t a . The i n t e r i m r e p o r t has received

iii
some d i s t r i b u t i o n , thus some e r r o r s t h a t e x i s t i n t h a t r e p o r t and i n

t h e o r i g i n a l t e c h n i c a l documents w i l l be pointed o u t here. These

e r r o r s have been c o r r e c t e d i n t h i s f i n a l r e p o r t .

A typographical e r r o r i n t h e ABSTRACT of t h e I n t e r i m Report

l i s t s t h e p i t c h c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s as C
ma
. It should

be Cm .
6
The model drawing from TM X-3070 shown i n t h e I n t e r i m Report

shows t h e d i s t a n c e from t h e nose t o t h e canard hinge l i n e

t o be 12.60 centimeters. It should be 15.60 centimeters.

The p l o t of Cm f o r TM X-3070 i s i n c o r r e c t i n both t h e Interim


6
Report and TM X-3070. The d a t a shown bases t h e p i t c h i n g

moment c o e f f i c i e n t on body l e n g t h instead of body diameter

as s t a t e d i n SYMBOLS. The p l o t of Cm i n t h i s f i n a l report


6
has been c o r r e c t e d t o use body diameter as t h e reference length.

The aerodynamic-center l o c a t i o n s , X / a , w e r e shown as per-


ac
centages f o r t h e configurations i n TM X-1839, TM X-2289,

and TM X-2491 i n t h e I n t e r i m Report.

The summary p l o t of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters i n TM X-1332 and

t h e Interim Report i n c o r r e c t l y show Cm t o be negative.


6
The conversion of r e f e r e n c e area and l e n g t h were inadver-

t e n t l y omitted f o r C i n t h e summary p l o t of d a t a from


m6
RM L58C19 i n t h e I n t e r i m Report.

The decimal p o i n t was omitted i n t h e base a x i a l - f o r c e coef-

f i c i e n t d a t a i n TM X-2367.

The summary d a t a have been checked a number of t i m e s i n o r d e r t o

reduce the number of e r r o r s which w l l l appear i n t h i s f i n a l r e p o r t .


Finally, I want to express my appreciation to Mrs. Marjorie McGee,

secretary i n the Aerospace Engineering Department, Auburn University, for

typing t h i s report.

Auburn, Alabama James 0. Nichols

V
SUMMARY

This summary document w a s prepared i n o r d e r t o f a c i l i t a t e dissemina-

t i o n of a l a r g e amount of missile aerodynamic d a t a which has r e c e n t l y

been d e c l a s s i f i e d . Only summary d a t a are presented i n t h i s r e p o r t , but

a l i s t of r e f e r e n c e documents provides sources of d e t a i l e d data.

Most of t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n s considered are s u i t a b l e f o r highly

maneuverable a i r - t o - a i r o r surface-to-air missiles; however, d a t a f o r

a f e w air-to-surface, c r u i s e missile, and one p r o j e c t i l e c o n f i g u r a t i o n

are a l s o presented.

The Mach number range of the d a t a is from about 0.2 t o 4.63; how-

ever, d a t a f o r most c o n f i g u r a t i o n s cover only a portion of t h i s range.

The following aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s at v a r i o u s Mach numbers and

zero a n g l e of a t t a c k are presented:

a) Base drag c o e f f i c i e n t ,
‘D,b’
b) Drag c o e f f i c i e n t , CDs0.

c) Lift-curve s l o p e , CL
a
.
d) Aerodynamic-center l o c a t i o n , Xac/a.

e) Sideslip derivatives, C , CaB, and Cy .


nB B
f) Control e f f e c t i v e n e s s , C , C , C ,. and Cy .
m6 n6 6
The maximum l i f t - d r a g r a t i o is a l s o presented f o r some c o n f i g u r a t i o n s .

vi
TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD.. ............................ iii

SUMMARY .............................. vi

SYMBOLS............................... ix
INTRODUCTION.. .......................... 1

APPARATUS AND TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

METHOD OF DATA PRESENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

DATAANALYSIS.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

SUMMARY OF CONFIGURATIONS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

DATASUMMARIES.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16,

L I S T OF DOCUMENTS SUMMARIZED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

vii
SYMBOLS

A body maximum cross-sectional area, .rrd2/4

I Axial force
cA axial-force coefficient,
qA
Drag
drag coefficient,
cD qA
Base drag at a=Oo
base drag coefficient at a=O O ,
qA
drag coefficient at a=O0
'D,o
Lift
cL lift coefficient, -
qA

cLa lift-curve slope at per deg.


a=Oo,
Rolling moment
I cR rolling-moment coefficient,
qAd
I
effective-dihedral parameter, per deg.

,
lateral (roll) control effectiveness, per deg.
Pitching moment

i
I
m'
m' Ci
pitching-moment coefficient,
qAd
slope of pitching-moment curve at a=Oo, per deg.
C pitch control effectiveness at a = O o , per deg.
m6 Normal force
cN normal-force coefficient,
qA

cNa normal-force-curve slope at a=Oo, per deg.


I variation of normal-force coefficient with pitch control
1 cN6 surface deflection at a=Oo, per deg.
Yawing moment
C yawing-moment coefficient,
I n qAd
I C
nB
directional stability parameter, per deg.
I
C directional control effectiveness, per deg.
"6 Side force
side-force coefficient,
SA

ix
s i d e - f o r c e parameter, p e r deg.

v a r i a t i o n of side-force c o e f f i c i e n t w i t h d i r e c t i o n a l c o n t r o l
s u r f a c e d e f l e c t i o n , p e r deg.

m a x i m u m body diameter

maximum l i f t - d r a g r a t i o

body l e n g t h

free-stream Mach number

mass-flow r a t i o

free-stream dynamic p r e s s u r e

orthogonal set of body axes

orthogonal set of s t a b i l i t y axes

aerodynamic-center of l i f t l o c a t i o n referenced t o body l e n g t h ,


p o s i t i v e a f t from t h e nose

moment center l o c a t i o n referenced t o body l e n g t h , p o s i t i v e a f t


from t h e nose

a n g l e of a t t a c k , deg.

s i d e s l i p a n g l e , deg .
angle of c o n t r o l s u r f a c e d e f l e c t i o n , p o s i t i v e t r a i l i n g edge
down o r t o l e f t looking upstream, deg.

angle of r o l l , deg.

Subscripts:

a aileron

C canard

F flap

roll i n d i c a t e s d e f l e c t i o n of l a t e r a l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s

W wing

Yaw i n d i c a t e s d e f l e c t i o n of d i r e c t i o n a l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s

S u b s c r i p t s are used when t h e r e may be some confusion about which


c o n t r o l s u r f a c e i s being d e f l e c t e d .

X
INTRODUCTION

Recently a number of t e c h n i c a l documents containing missile aero-

dynamic d a t a published by t h e Langley Research Center of t h e National

Aeronautics and Space Administration have been d e c l a s s i f i e d . I n order

t o f a c i l i t a t e dissemination of t h e d a t a contained i n t h e s e documents,

t h i s summary r e p o r t was prepared. It w a s not intended t h a t a l l of t h e

o r i g i n a l d a t a b e included, only summary p l o t s of curve s l o p e s and d a t a

s u i t a b l e f o r comparison of t h e r e l a t i v e merits of t h e various configura-

t i o n s considered. A l i s t of t h e r e f e r e n c e documents is included t o

provide a source of more d e t a i l e d d a t a f o r c o n f i g u r a t i o n s of i n t e r e s t .

Some of t h e documents summarized were not previously c l a s s i f i e d but

were included t o give a more complete coverage of t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n s t h a t

have been t e s t e d a t Langley. I n a l l , t h i r t y documents have been sum-

marized. Some of t h e s e were themselves compilations of d a t a t h a t had

been r e p o r t e d previously. Data from one of t h e documents, TM X-348, h a s

n o t been included h e r e i n because of i t s l i m i t e d scope, and because of the

d i f f i c u l t y i n p r e s e n t i n g summary d a t a f o r t h e numerous c o n f i g u r a t i o n s

tested. It is p r i m a r i l y a r e p o r t of a parametrfc study of t h e s t a t i c

s t a b i l i t y c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of a series of cone-cylinder bodies w i t h v a r i o u s

afterbody c o n f i g u r a t i o n s - f l a r e s , f i n s , and b o a t t a i l s .

Most of t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n s r e p o r t e d h e r e i n are s u i t a b l e f o r h i g h l y

maneuverable a i r - t o - a i r o r surface-to-air missiles; however, d a t a f o r a

few air-to-surface, c r u i s e missile, and one p r o j e c t i l e c o n f i g u r a t i o n are


-2-

a l s o presented. The Mach number range of t h e d a t a is g e n e r a l l y from

about 1.5 t o 4.63; however, d a t a f o r some c o n f i g u r a t i o n s extend t o

subsonic Mach numbers.

APPARATUS AND TESTS

The d a t a summarized i n t h i s r e p o r t w e r e obtained o r i g i n a l l y i n t h e

Langley 8-foot t r a n s o n i c p r e s s u r e t u n n e l and t h e Langley Unitary Plan

wind tunnel. These tunnels are v a r i a b l e - p r e s s u r e , continuous flow f a c i l -

ities. The & f o o t t u n n e l has a s l o t t e d t e s t s e c t i o n which i s about 2.44

meters square and has a Mach number range from about 0.20 to 1.30.
The Unitary Plan wind t u n n e l has two test s e c t i o n s , each about 1.22

meters square and about 2.13 meters long. The nozzle l e a d i n g t o each

test s e c t i o n i s of t h e asymmetric s l i d i n g block type which permits a

continuous v a r i a t i o n i n Mach number from about 1.47 t o 2.86 i n t h e low

Mach number test s e c t i o n and from 2.3 t o 4.7 i n t h e high Mach number

test section.

The Reynolds number at which t h e tests were conducted v a r i e d from

about 6.56 x 1 06 p e r meter t o 9.84 x 106 p e r meter. Boundary-layer

t r a n s i t i o n s t r i p s were used on t h e models.

Aerodynamic f o r c e s and moments were measured by means o f a s i x -

component e l e c t r i c a l strain-gage balance l o c a t e d w i t h i n t h e model and,

i n t u r n , r i g i d l y f a s t e n e d t o a sting-support system. Angles of a t t a c k

were c o r r e c t e d f o r s t i n g and balance d e f l e c t i o n due t o aerodynamic loads

and f o r t u n n e l a i r f l o w misalignment. The r e s u l t s have been a d j u s t e d t o

correspond t o free-stream s t a t i c p r e s s u r e a c t i n g over the model base.


-3-

Since cruciform c o n f i g u r a t i o n s may f l y with wings i n t h e v e r t i c a l

and h o r i z o n t a l p l a n e s o r w i t h wings i n 45" p l a n e s , d a t a a t both Q =O"


and 4 = 45" are p r e s e n t e d f o r many of these c o n f i g u r a t i o n s . The long-

i t u d i n a l aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s were similar i n both a t t i t u d e s

except f o r i n c r e a s e d p i t c h c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s a t Q = 45" due t o

d e f l e c t i o n of f o u r s u r f a c e s i n s t e a d of two.

METHOD O F DATA PRESENTATION


The following aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s a t v a r i o u s Mach numbers

and zero a n g l e of a t t a c k are presented i n t h i s r e p o r t :

a) Base d r a g c o e f f i c i e n t , CD,b.

b) Drag c o e f f i c i e n t , C
D,o
.
c) Uft-curve slope, C

d) Aerodynamic-center location, Xac/2.

e) Sideslip derivatives, C , Ct6, and Cy


B
f) Control e f f e c t i v e n e s s , Cm , Cn , C , and C .
6 6 % y6
Cross coupling e f f e c t s a t z e r o a n g l e of a t t a c k are presented f o r

a f e w cases where they were n o t n e g l i g i b l e . Maximum l i f t - d r a g r a t i o s

are a l s o shown f o r some c o n f i g u r a t i o n s .

Maximum body cross-sectional area and maximum body diameter are

used as r e f e r e n c e area and l e n g t h , r e s p e c t i v e l y , f o r t h e aerodynamic

coefficients i n this report. I n one case (TM X-1538) where t h e body w a s

n o t a body of r e v o l u t i o n , t h e maximum f r o n t a l area and an e q u i v a l e n t

maximum body diameter are used. Care should be e x e r c i s e d when comparing

the d a t a i n t h i s r e p o r t w i t h t h a t i n t h e o r i g i n a l documents s i n c e con-

v e r s i o n of some d a t a w a s necessary because d i f f e r e n t r e f e r e n c e areas and

l e n g t h s were used.
-4-

The l o n g i t u d i n a l aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s are presented r e l a t i v e

t o a s t a b i l i t y - a x i s system while d i r e c t i o n a l and l a t e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s

are relative t o a body-axis system. Figure 1 shows t h e axes systems.

I n one case (TM X-846) t h e r e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t d a t a t o convert t o t h e

s t a b i l i t y - a x i s system. I n t h a t one case, t h e l o n g i t u d i n a l d a t a are a l s o

presented r e l a t i v e t o t h e body-axis system. The moment r e f e r e n c e c e n t e r

is shown on each model drawing included i n t h e Data Summary. Drawings

of model c o n f i g u r a t i o n s were g e n e r a l l y d u p l i c a t e d d i r e c t l y from t h e

o r i g i n a l r e p o r t s ; t h u s , n o t a l l model dimensions are given i n t h e I n t e r -

n a t i o n a l System of Units (SI). I n some c a s e s where new drawings were

necessary, model dimensions were converted t o t h e S I system.

The aerodynamic-center l o c a t i o n , X
ac
/ a , is referenced t o body l e n g t h
and measured p o s i t i v e a f t from t h e nose. It w a s c a l c u l a t e d w i t h t h e

following equation when i t w a s n o t included i n t h e o r i g i n a l r e p o r t s

where Xmc i s the d i s t a n c e from the nose t o t h e moment c e n t e r , d i s maximum

body diameter, and R i s body l e n g t h .

The d a t a are shown i n t h e Data Summary p l o t t e d a g a i n s t Mach number

except i n cases where d a t a f o r only one o r two Mach numbers were a v a i l a b l e .

I n t h o s e cases t h e d a t a are presented i n t a b u l a r form. Each d a t a summary

c o n t a i n s a r e f e r e n c e t o t h e o r i g i n a l r e p o r t from which t h e d a t a were taken.

A complete l i s t of t h e r e p o r t s summarized i s given i n t h e last s e c t i o n of

t h i s report.
-5-

The o r d e r i n which t h e d a t a a r e presented f o r each c o n f i g u r a t i o n i s

as follows. A model drawing i s followed by t h e l o n g i t u d i n a l c h a r a c t e r -

istics, 9 cD,oS CD,b9 ‘La> (L/D) max, and Xac/!L. A l l of t h e s e charac-


m6
t e r i s t i c s are evaluated a t zero a n g l e of a t t a c k except (L/D)max. Varia-

t i o n of s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s Cng, CQ,, and Cy are shown next f o r t h o s e


B
c o n f i g u r a t i o n s f o r which t h e s e d a t a are a v a i l a b l e . Table 1 i s a l i s t i n g

of t h e o r i g i n a l r e p o r t s which c o n t a i n d i r e c t i o n a l and lateral d a t a .

F i n a l l y , d i r e c t i o n a l and l a t e r a l c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s parameters are

presented. Cross coupling i s g e n e r a l l y n e g l i g i b l e a t zero angle of a t t a c k

but is shown f o r t h o s e cases where i t i s n o t n e g l i g i b l e .

The method of c a l c u l a t i n g CR
varies widely among t h e o r i g i n a l r e p o r t s
6
and care must be e x e r c i s e d when comparing various c o n f i g u r a t i o n s . I n

some cases t h e r o l l c o n t r o l d e f l e c t i o n i s t h e a l g e b r a i c d i f f e r e n c e

( a b s o l u t e sum) of t h e s u r f a c e d e f l e c t i o n s , while o t h e r s use t h e average

of t h e d e f l e c t i o n s . I n t h i s r e p o r t a l l t h e c o n t r o l d a t a have been pre-

sented i n terms of t h e average of t h e s u r f a c e d e f l e c t i o n s . Since, f o r

r o l l , t h e c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s are d e f l e c t e d d i f f e r e n t i a l l y but e q u a l l y i n

magnitude, t h e average d e f l e c t i o n i s equal t o t h e magnitude of d e f l e c t i o n

of t h e i n d i v i d u a l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e . The s i g n convention a l s o v a r i e s b u t

i n t h i s r e p o r t p o s i t i v e d e f l e c t i o n gives p o s i t i v e r o l l i n g moment.

Unless i n d i c a t e d otherwise, Cn means t h e change i n yawing moment


6
c o e f f i c i e n t p e r degree of d e f l e c t i o n of t h e d i r e c t i o n a l (yaw) c o n t r o l

surfaces.
% i s t h e change i n r o l l i n g moment c o e f f i c i e n t p e ri ndegree
dicates
of d e f l e c t i o n of t h e lateral ( r o l l ) c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s , and Cy
6
t h e change i n s i d e f o r c e c o e f f i c i e n t p e r degree d e f l e c t i o n of t h e
-6-

directional control surfaces. Cross coupling i s u s u a l l y i n d i c a t e d by a

s u b s c r i p t ; e.g., CR , which means t h e change i n r o l l i n g moment coef-


&yaw
f i c i e n t p e r degree of d e f l e c t i o n of t h e d i r e c t i o n a l (yaw) c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s .

I n some of t h e d a t a t a b l e s t h e s u b s c r i p t s are omitted and t h e column

headings i n d i c a t e t h e a p p r o p r i a t e c o n t r o l s u r f a c e . S u b s c r i p t s are used

a l s o t o i n d i c a t e t h e c o n t r o l s u r f a c e used t o produce a c o n t r o l moment

when t h e r e may be more t h a n one set of c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s which could be

used f o r p i t c h and r o l l . A p i t c h i n g c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s Cmg


or C
m6F C
would i n d i c a t e t h e change i n p i t c h i n g moment c o e f f i c i e n t p e r degree

d e f l e c t i o n of t h e canards o r wing f l a p , r e s p e c t i v e l y . R o l l i n g moment

effectiveness C i o r Cg would i n d i c a t e t h e change i n r o l l i n g moment


'C 'a
c o e f f i c i e n t s p e r degree d e f l e c t i o n o f t h e canards o r a i l e r o n s , r e s p e c t i v e l y .

DATA ANALYSIS

L i n e a r i t y of d a t a - The range a t a n g l e of a t t a c k f o r which t h e d a t a

can be assunred t o be l i n e a r varies from f2' f o r some c o n f i g u r a t i o n s t o

212' f o r o t h e r s . The l i f t - c u r v e s l o p e s tend t o increase with angle of

a t t a c k w h i l e they decrease w i t h i n c r e a s i n g Mach number a t s u p e r s o n i c

speeds. The s l o p e of t h e pitching-moment curve i n some c a s e s i n c r e a s e s


I

with a n g l e of a t t a c k , while i n o t h e r s it decreases. I n a l l cases C


ma
decreases w i t h i n c r e a s i n g Mach number.

The n o n l i n e a r i t y of the d a t a makes t h e use of curve s l o p e s t o c a l -

c u l a t e missile performance q u e s t i o n a b l e when used over a complete

trajectory. M i s s i l e performance c a l c u l a t i o n s would be more a c c u r a t e i f

equations r e p r e s e n t i n g t h e aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s as f u n c t i o n s of

Mach number and a n g l e of a t t a c k were used. The n o n l i n e a r i t y of t h e d a t a


-7-

contained i n t h e o r i g i n a l r e p o r t s i s such t h a t i t should n o t b e d i f f i c u l t

t o formulate equations t o f i t the d a t a .

E f f e c t s of wing planform shape, s i z e , and l o c a t i o n - Some of the

o r i g i n a l documents were r e p o r t s of design s t u d i e s i n which v a r i o u s con-

f i g u r a t i o n parameters were i n v e s t i g a t e d . For example, TM X-1839 r e p o r t s

t h e r e s u l t s of an i n v e s t i g a t i o n of t h e e f f e c t s of wing planform shape,

s i z e , and l o c a t i o n . The planform shapes t e s t e d were d e l t a , r e c t a n g u l a r ,

and cranked. The s i z e s were c l a s s i f i e d as s m a l l , mid, and l a r g e ; however,

only t h e midsized cranked wing w a s t e s t e d . The l o c a t i o n of t h e r e c t a n g u l a r

wing w a s a l s o v a r i e d . The summary included i n t h i s r e p o r t c o n t a i n s o n l y

t h e d a t a f o r t h e t h r e e mid-sized wings.

Canards and t a i l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s - Two of t h e o r i g i n a l documents

compared canard and t a i l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s . TM X-1834 r e p o r t s t h e r e s u l t s

of an i n v e s t i g a t i o n of t h e e f f e c t s of v a r i o u s l o n g i t u d i n a l p o s i t i o n s of

canard c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s and t a i l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s on t h e same wing-body

combination. Also included i n t h e r e p o r t are t h e e f f e c t s of t h e v a r i o u s

components on t h e aerodynamic c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . In t h i s summary r e p o r t

only t h e d a t a f o r one canard Configuration and one t a i l c o n f i g u r a t i o n

from TM X-1834 are included. I n TM X-2780, t h e body is t h e same f o r t h e

canard c o n f i g u r a t i o n and t h e t a i l c o n f i g u r a t i o n but t h e wings are d i f -

ferent. The e f f e c t of a b l u n t o r c o n i c a l forebody is a l s o r e p o r t e d . It

w a s found t h a t d i f f e r e n t i a l l y d e f l e c t e d canard c o n t r o l s were n o t e f f e c -

t i v e as r o l l c o n t r o l devices because a c o n t r o l r e v e r s a l r e s u l t e d a t low

angles of a t t a c k . The t a i l c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s were e f f e c t i v e as r o l l con-

t r o l devices; however, some adverse yawing moments d i d r e s u l t .


-8-

Various t a i l c o n t r o l configurations - An i n v e s t i g a t i o n of various

t a i l - c o n t r o l s u r f a c e configurations w a s reported i n TM X-71984. The

t a i l - c o n t r o l configurations i n v e s t i g a t e d were t h e cruciform i n c l i n e d 45"

t o t h e h o r i z o n t a l and v e r t i c a l planes, t h e conventional a i r p l a n e type

with an upper v e r t i c a l f i n and t h e i n v e r t e d type with lower v e r t i c a l f i n .

The cruciform t a i l configuration e x h i b i t s t h e g r e a t e s t pitch-control

e f f e c t i v e n e s s ; however, r e l a t i v e l y l a r g e nonlinear p i t c h i n g moment

c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s are experienced due t o t h e e f f e c t s of t h e wing wake. The

lower vertical f i n shows a s u b s t a n t i a l i n c r e a s e i n c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s

as angle of attack i s increased, whereas t h e configuration with t h e upper

v e r t i c a l f i n e x h i b i t s a s m a l l decrease.

A summary of t h e configurations considered i n t h e o r i g i n a l documents

i s given i n t h e next s e c t i o n . Not a l l t h e configurations are shown,

only t y p i c a l examples. These examples were chosen on t h e b a s i s of various

configuration c l a s s i f i c a t i o n such as :

a) Wing planform shape.

b) Wing arrangement - cruciform o r monoplane.

c) Control s u r f a c e s -
wing, t a i l , o r canard. Hinge l i n e s are
shown as dashed l i n e s .

d) Surface arrangement - in-line o r i n t e r d i g i t a t e d .

With each configuration t h e reference documents which contain d a t a

f o r t h a t configuration and t h e page numbers of t h i s r e p o r t where t h e

summary d a t a i s presented are l i s t e d .

These configurations are grouped according t o t h e missions f o r which

they were o r i g i n a l l y designed. Arrangement of Data Summary follows t h e

same plan as t h e Summary of Configurations.


-9-
SUMMARY OF CONFIGURATIOXS
-,.
A-IR-TO-AI R

TM X - 3 0 7 0 :E-20

SURFACE-TO-AIR OR AIP-TO-AIR

X-1839, TM X-2289 2 1-2 8

I 21-23
TM X - 1 5 3 9

>
> TM X - 1 8 3 9 21-23

1 TM X-2491 29-31
-10-

REF ERENCE PAGES


TM X-1309, TM X-1352,
TM X-2367 32-37
I

TM X-2780, TM X-1834 38-45

46-47

46-4 7

TM X-1184, TM X-1332 48-51

52-55
-11-

SURFACE-TO-AIF

PAGES
.I'M X - l U Z 3 , 'I'M X - l 4 l b , 56-04
TM X - 1 7 5 1

TM X-2774 65-67

AI R-TO- SURFACE

TM X-1112 68-71

72-73

1- TM X-1492 '74-77

78-79
-12-

CRUISE, TARGET DRONE

REFERENCE PAGES

TN D-7069 80-82

- = > TM X-1304 83-87

TM X-1538 88-91

I
I

PROJECTILE

! TM X-2831 103-104
-13-

k
0
-14-
TABLE 1. DIRECTIONAL AND LATERAL STABILITY AND CONTROL DATA
CONTAINED I N REFERENCE REPORTS

SIDESLIP YAW CONTROL ROLL CONTROL

1. Data f o r one Mach number only, n o t included i n t h i s r e p o r t ,


2. Data f o r one Mach number o n l y , t a b l e included i n t h i s r e p o r t .
3. Cross coupling n e g l i g i b l e a t a=Oo.
I
4. Vertical-tail s u r f a c e s w e r e d e f l e c t e d i n combination w i t h
horizontal-tail deflection.
5 . Measurements of c o n t r o l s u r f a c e hinge moments included i n Reference.
6 . Lateral and d i r e c t i o n a l c o n t r o l provided by movement of t h e two
v e r t i c a l t a i l surfaces.
7 . Lateral c o n t r o l provided by d e f l e c t i o n of a l l f o u r wings.
8. Cross coupling adverse at angle of a t t a c k .
9 . Reference r e p o r t a l s o shows e f f e c t of mass flow rate through n a c e l l e .
10. Lateral c o n t r o l provided by d i f f e r e n t i a l d e f l e c t i o n of wing f l a p s .
11. D i f f e r e n t i a l d e f l e c t i o n of a l l f o u r t a i l s used t o produce r o l l .
12. Control wings e f f e c t i v e i n providing increments i n normal f o r c e and
s i d e f o r c e w i t h e s s e n t i a l l y no e f f e c t on yawing o r p i t c h i n g moments.
13. Cross coupling i n r o l l n e g l i g i b l e .

-15-
DATA SUMMARIES

AIR-TO-AIR M I S S I L E S (AAM)
-16-

k
c-.
aJ
P;
E
2

m
m
N al
I
!

i
TABLE 2. - LONGITUDINAL PARAMETERS; u ~ O 0 ,

DIAMOND AIRFOIL
- -I - -__
M = 2.30 M = 4.60
-- ~ . . -
$=O" $=45 " $=0 O (p=45"
___
cNc4 0.592 0.568 0.454 6.373
I
cmcr -0.643 -0.440 -0.421 -0 146

-
c
a
'
R
0.586 0.569 0.577 0 1547

C q 0.267 0.427 0.026 0.090

cN6 0.208 0.294 0.117 0.166


-. -.-

WEDGE AIRFOIL
- .--__.
M = 2.30 M = &,LO
-
$=O" $=45 O ,p=0 ,t-45"
. -- -
cNa 0.568 0.547 0.424 ii 1374

-0.589 -0.507 -0.626 -0. 345


cmcl
0.584 0.577 0 * 608 577
-
c
a
'
(1.

11
C 0.361 0.463 0.030 0 066
"6

cN6 0.199 0.304 0.145 "i,210

Ref. TM X-846

-1 7-
-18-

r
/J

-7

0
\o
vr
d

1
2. L . \
cn 6

I 1 I I I J

- I I I I I
1 2 3 4 5
M

Figure 5. - D i r e c t i o n a l and l a t e r a l c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s ; a=Oo.

R e f . TM X-3070
B

SURFACE-TO-AIR MISSILES (SAM)

OR

1
I
AIR-TO-AIR MISSILES (AAM)

i
I
-2 1-

I
I

i
-22-

- - - - - _ Delta
_. - - Cranked
.4- Rectangular

.3 '

C
D,c
.2.

.1-

CL
a

I I I I I

e6 -
-
Xac
.4 -
li

.2 -

0 1 2 3 11
5
M

F i g u r e 7. - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters with Mach number; a = 2 ,


$GO, rnid-siz-ld w i c g s .

Ref. TM X-1839
-2 3-

--,---Delta
Cranked
Rectangular

0 .
I I I I 1
-
I -1.0

-
\ \

'.
-- -- --_ -- --_--
'
\
-2.0 1-

cn
$ -3.0 - --_____-- ----
-4.0 \
-5.0 -
.1

clg -E 1 I I
All c o n f i g u r a t i o n s

I I I

1 I I I 1 1
0 1 2 3 4 5
M
Figure 8. - V a r i a t i o n of s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s w i t h Mach number; a'Oo, +=(lo,
mid-s i z e d wings.
Ref. TM X-1839
-24-

Moment center
I-.
1 '*'\At 10.16

Nose 1 (ogive nose)

r- 32.99
( 1 2. 99) 7 1 33.02
(1 3. 00)
12. 70
(5.00)

( 21 . 60 75 ) ,/
Nose 2 (intermediate bluntness nose)

I ( 378.
0 . 9720
92) 7-
3. 81

/ /

Moment center

' 33.000

Nose 3 ( h e m i s p h e r i c a l nose)

Figure 9 , - Drawing of model showing nose shapes investigated. Linear dimensions


are given in centimeters and parenthetically in inches.

Ref. TM x-2289
~~

-25-
Nose

1.6

1.2
C
D $0
.8

.4

.8

.6

cL CL .4

.2

I
0 I I
I

Figure lo. - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; azo.'


r$=O"

Ref. 'I'M X-2289


-26-

---_
1

2
1.6

cD ,o
1.2

.8
----
__------
-
---------
-

.4
0 I I A

.6 .

cL
a
.4 .
--- -==--= -- ------
--
.2 -

I 1
0

.55
1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2
M

Figure 11. - Variation of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; WOO.

$=450

Ref. TM X-2289
-2 7-

NOSE

cn
B
1.0 -
O J I I I I 1

0 - 1 1
--LC_-----
Ctg
-.01 L

-.2

I I I I I 1
1.2 1.6 2 .o 2.4 2.8 3.2
M
Figure 1 2 . - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number;
I
a = O o , +=oo,

Ref. TM X-2289
-2 8-

NOSE
2.0-

cn 1.0-
8

0 I i 1 i 1

.01

cz%

-.01O E

-.l
% - . 20

cy%
-.3

-.4

-.5

1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.2


M
Figure 13. - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number;
a=O0, 4=45".
Ref. T M X-2289
-2 9-

a
Q,
U
0
c

I
I
I
iI

-1
I
1
I
!
I

-
~
i w
0
0

-
N
N

sn
n

i
I

1
I
4
rl
~

i
I
I
I
-30-

6.1St2.42)
t 33.02113.001 I

io. /
Body s t a t i o n
55. 88(22.00)
I 200

-25.40t10.00)-

S m a l l booster

F i g u r e 14 - Concluded.
Ref. TM X-2L91
-31-
2.0

C
D , o 1.0
r - ------
only)

0
\ CD ,b (Boosters o f f )

I - - Small boosters
_------
Large b o o s t e r s

Boosters off
cL
a .4 - - -_- %

0 I I I I I

1*2
.8
it All configurat-Jns
\Mi

1.z I. u L."
7
2.8 3.2
L. 1

F i p r e 15 - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach number; a = 0'.

Ref. TI4 X-2491


-32-
-33-

.4

9-45', four canards deflected


C 4=0', two canards deflected
m6 .2
$=O", wing f l a p s
d e f l e c t e d , -Cm6

.4

cL 4 .O
et
.2
13.0

I I
0 I

1.2

X
-
aC!
R
.8

.4

0
0
----

1
I

2
M
3 4 5
I I
F i g u r e 1 7 . - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; a-0:

Ref. TM X-1309, TM X-1352


-34-
.5

.4

cn .3
f3
.2

.1

$-.01
" C O
-.02 $=0° & 45"

0 1 2 3 4 5
M

Figure 18. - V a r i a t i o n o f s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s w i t h Mach n u m b e r ; 0".

R e f . TM X-1309, TM X-1352
-35 -

I I I I 1

-
11
.02
+=oo & 45”
.01 -
0

.02 -
cy6
.01 - +=O O
~
/
- ---- -
0 . I I I I

Figure 19. - D i r e c t i o n a l ar.d l a t e r a l r o t i t r ~ lcifft-’ct i v c l r ( - , . ~ : * ’ . .


-36 -

I '
, I u"

t-
u
M
cu
I
x
5
k
aJ
ffi
4.

cL *
a

--

II

I I I I J
0 1 2 3 4 5
b?

Figure 21. - Vari. a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; a = a 0 .

Ref. TM X-2367
-38-
I

i h
-39-

0
Horizontal t a i l s deflected

C
m6 -.5

< 4 tails deflected

-1 .o 1 /
/

For eb ody
1.6
0" Conical
Conical
Blunt
C
D,o .8

1.0 -

cL
a .5 -

I I I I J
0 -

--
X
ac
-
R
.5 - / - -

0 I I I I I

2 3 4 5
M
F i g u r e 23. - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; a-09

Ref. TM X-2780
-40-

1.0 0, deg. Forebody


0" Conical
---_ - 45" Conical
\ - - -
C
m6
.5 - \ 0'
4 canards d e f l e c t e d
Blunt

H o r i z o n t a l ca
0

C
.
J' \
D,o \

r
A- ---

1.0

X
- ac
.5
R

0
0 1 2 3 4 5
M
F i g u r e 2 4 . - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach number; a=O.
Ref. TM X-2780
-41 -

.5 -
.4 -
C
.3 -
"6

.2 -
.1 -

0 1 1

-
[$=Oo ( 2 canards d e f l e c t e d )
C 0- -----_ _ _ _ _ e - -

-.01 c
I
$=45O ( 4 canards d e f l e c t e d )
-.02 .
I

I 1 1

1 2 3
M
F i g u r e 2 5 . - D i r e c t i o n a l and l a t e r a l c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s o f c a n a r d con-
f i g u r a t i o n w i t h blunted ogive nose; cl=Oo.

Ref. TM X-2780
-4 2-

d
a

U
m
C

I ‘

L
I
-43-

I . I 7-

I
I
I
i
I
I
Y
-44 -

L
.2
C
m6
.1 - 1
1 d-~-Cmg
0 1 1 I I

.8

.4

.2

.6 \

.4
cL
a
.2

R
XaC-4
0 1
t
0
1

1 2
1

M
I

3
1

4
I

F i g u r e 2 7 . - Variation of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters with Mach number; a-0;

Ref. TM X-1834
-45-

.8 - \
\
\
\
Cn
B
-4 - \
'\
.2 -

0 I I I 1

-.2 -

0 I I I I 1
-.2 -
cys -.4 -
-.6 -
-.8 -
0 1 2 3 4 5
M
Figure 28. - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number; azoo.
R e f . TM X-1834
-46-

(II
rl
0
k
4
c
0
0
rn
I+
0
a
k
k cd
c,
c c
aJ
0 0
V
0
hD
=I
a
Q,
B
(II
I
M
C
d
2aJ
rl
d Q,
aJ bo
k
c,

2Ld
3a
F:
aJ
rn
G 4
4 k
k
aJ
c,
B
d
a,
a
Q,
a
5
d
3
k
t
rl
5
d
Q,
a 3
2 rl
Q,
a
aJ
v 2
n
P
W
'UBLE 3. - LONGITUDINAL PARAMETERS AT MACH NUMBER 4.65; a~0"
V
A
C ac
-
CCNFIGURATI ON cm 6 D $0 cL
a R

Delta F i n s and Trailing-Edge C o n t r o l s -0.017 0.12 0.134 0.637


Large Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h F l a r e d S k i r t 0.166 0.36 0.175 0.593
II S m a l l Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h F l a r e d S k i r t 0.143 0.34 0.150 0.583
I Small Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h o u t F l a r e d S k i r t - 0.18 0.105 0.445

TABLE 4. - SIDESLIP DERIVATIVES AT MACH NUMBER 4.65; ~ 1 ~ 0 "

C
CONFIGURATION

Delta F i n s and Trailing-Edge C o n t r o l s -0.266 0 -0.15 3


Large Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h F l a r e d S k i r t -0.418 0 -0.186
Small Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h F l a r e d S k i r t -0.390 0 -0.177
Small Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h o u t F l a r e d S k i r t -0.433 0 -0.134

t
TABLE 5. - DIRECTIONAL AND LATERAL CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS
AT MACH NUMBER OF 4.65; a"Oo

CONFIGURATION
C
"6
cy6
roll yaw

D e l t a F i n s and T r a i l i n g Edge C o n t r o l s -0.0133 0.008" -0.020* 0.0067


Small Canard C o n t r o l s w i t h F l a r e d S k i r t - 0.026f' -0.015' -
* A l l f o u r c o n t r o l s u r f a c e s used f o r r o l l .
' Only two v e r t i c a l canards used for r o l l .

Ref. TM X-187

-47-
0
m

7- b

B
.-
0
..
- L
w
l-l
0
0
a J I
u
P C
h,
L)

u
C
a,
E

I 'I
-49-

.a 4.0

cLi .4 2.0

0 0

1.2

0 = 0" & 45"


.8

*a c
R
.4

0
0 1 3 4 5
M

Figure 31. - V a r i a t i o n o f l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach numbers; a - 0 .

Ref. TM X-1184, TM X-1332


It
II

09
I-
co
\o

i
v)
&
o\ P)
U rl U
C) rn
m

I
I
I
!
I P)
k
i 0

I
I
I
I
1
I
d
co
m
I-
hl
d

d
FV
U
m
0
d
-5 3-

- -....
- ---
....
.....
..... ......
c # - - . . a -
/
0

.....
/
0
Tail Configurations
..........x Cruciform
--- - -T Inverted
1 Conventional
c
configuratione
0

.
cL
a

O 8

.6
I
I I I I

1.0

..................................
-
'ac 05 LT
e

0
1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
M

i Figure 35. - Variation of longitudinal parameters w i t h Mach number; a=Oo.

R e f . "If X-71984
-54-

TAIL CONFIGURATIONS
.................... X C r u c i f o r m
-- - - - - -,TInverted

'l°F
.8
LConvent ional

.1 r
- - _ _ _ a - --
............
-I,
fl-. O
1
I ------- L

-.2 L

O --I
cyfl -.2 ...........
..- *
..*
-.3 L

1.5 2.0 2.5 3 .O


M
F i g u r e 3 6 . - V a r i a t i o n of s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s w i t h Mach number; a = O o .

Ref. TM X-71984
-55-

TAIL CONFI GURATI ONS


........... x Cruciform

--_---- T Inverted

Conventional

I I 1

-1.5 L

-06

%yaw O
. ..................
--- - - - -
-.06 1 /
/-
d - - -

.02 - - ’. e * . .
.01 - - ----__- - - - _
0 I I I
1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0
M
Figure 37. - Directional and l a t e r a l control e f f e c t i v e n e s s ; cl”oo.

Ref. TM X-71984
SURFACE-TO-AIR MISSILES ( S A M )
.
-56-

4
a
8
k
0
ul
r(
d
10

8 ii
8 I

Q)
m
-57-

-.4 L

I
OL I I I 1 I

.8 4
v 7

CL
a
.4
-m 2

0 I I I I 0

>
.8

7
R

I I I 1 I
-5 8-

.8 r

-6 -
C
n
B -4 -
.2 -
0 I

" ' ' ' 1


czB O
-.01

-.2

cy B -.4

-.6

-.8
c
0 1 2 3 4 5
M

Figure 40. - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number; CLEOo.

Ref, TM X-1025
-59-

I I I 1
C
n6 -.l -
-.2 -
-.3 i

.06

.04

.02

0 I I I I I J
0 1 2 3 4 5
M

Figure 41. - Directional control effectiveness; a=Oo.

Ref. TM X-1025
-60-

--

I
-6 1-

-.4 '

1.0 r = 0" & 45O

+ = 00 & 45O

--4L--
R

00 I 2 M 3 4 5

Figure 4 3 . - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; azo.


Ref. TM X-1416
-62-

.8

c .4
"8

B -.4

-.8 L
r- 4=45 O

.04 I

C
.02

01 I 1 I I 1
0 1 2 3 4 5
M

Figure 44. - Variation of sideslip derivatives and roll control


effectiveness with Mach number; u=Oo.

Ref. TM X-1416
rl
In
l-
d
I
X
-64-

C I i 1
m6
-.1-
I-
/
4

X
-
ac
.8

.6

.4
7
R

.2

0
2 3 4 5
M
Figure 46. - Variation of longitudinal parameters with Mach number; a=O:
Ref. TM X-1.751
+
-65-

__
,'

I
I

I
.I
ti
41-
'i I

I
I
I
i I

-4 I

- D

-
n
-66-

-
W
L

C
W
E
0
H

Y)

.-a
V
'D

q-l
pz

-1
-
-67-
$I = oo

cD ,o

'. '.
cL
a

.8

11 .4

0
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3
M v
Figure 48. - Variation of longitudinal parameters w i t h Mach number; a-0'.

Ref. TEI X-2774


AIR- TO- SURFACE M I S S I LE S (ASM)
-68-

4
0 c
mi

0
-0
co-
J

t-i
a,
U hl
C rl
a, d
u ri
I
U x
C
a,
5
c

I
a
m
m

.
h

m
m
ri

ri c
J J'
4

I
-69-

C
m6
-.3

l.or

cL
a .2

1.2

.a

-
'ac
R
.4

0
1.5 2.0 2.5
M

S i g u r e 50. - V a r i a t i o n of lonRitudina.1 p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach number;

R e f . TM X-1112
-70'

C
"B

0 i i

I 1 J

cyB - . 2

-.4

-.6

I 1 1
1.5 2.0 2.5
M

Figure 51. - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number; a=Oo

R e f . TM X-1112
-71-

0 I i
C -.l -
"6
-
-.2

-.3 3

-08 -
.06 -
.04 -
.02 -
0 I I

Figure 52. - Directional and lateral control effectiveness; q - 0 ' .

Ref. TM X-1112
7-72-

* -c.
-
W
I-

. 4 -
TABLE 6 . - LONGITUDINAL PARAMETERS; ~ 1 ~ 0 " .

Mach Number 1 . 6

Config- Fin
cm6 CD 9 0 cLci 'ac"
uration Sweep $=O" $=45" $=O" $=45" O=O" $=45" $=O" $=45"

65" - - .380 - .083 - .617 .697


BF1

BF2
65" - - .400 .398 .lo4 .lo8 .684 .697

BF2
30" - - .565 .560 ,114 .114 .702 .720

BF2W2 30" -.012 -.016 .688 .690 .218 .227 .619 .619

BFIWl 30" -.012 -.016 .610 .590 .174 .185 .606 .603

Mach Number 2.0

65" - - .36 .368 ,075 .083 ,581 .549


BF1

65" - - .38 .38 .lo0 .lo7 .630 .622


BF2

BF2
30" - - ,508 ,509 .110 .lo6 .683 .694

30" 0 .Ol .628 ,628 .i94 .239 .609 .612


BF2W2

BFIWl 30" -.012 0 .542 .54 .161 .156 .590 .598

R e f . TM X-1491

-73-
-74-

.-t
a
m
\U
m
-3
d
I
X

I
-75-

/-- '. - 7 -
a
0

'I :
z

-
3
e
Y
TABLE 7. - LONGITUDINAZ, PARAMETERS AT MACH NUMBER 2.5
W I T H INLETS COVERED; ~
1'0".

CONFIGURATION -
'ac
R

Wing 1, T a i l 1 -0.0829 0.247 0.155 0.611

Wing 1, T a i l 1, Pop-out F i n -0.0859 0.255 0.159 0.628

Wing 2, T a i l 1 -0.0933 0.245 0.124 0.581

Wing 3 , T a i l 1 -0.0773 0.242 0.125 0.602

Wing 3, T a i l 1, End P l a t e -0.0762 0.255 0.148 0.622

Wing 4 , T a i l 2 -0.0821 0.240 0.129 0.574

9 = 45"

X
C ONFI GURAT ION C
ac
-
cm6 D9 0
R

Wing 1, T a i l 1 -0.1176 0.250 0.146 0.603

Wing 1, T a i l 1, Pop-out Fin -0,1165 0.257 0.154 0.624

Wing 2, T a i l 1 -0.1262 0.247 0.122 0.574

Wing 3 , T a i l 1 -0.1198 0.247 0.135 0.584

Wing 3 , T a i l 1, End P l a t e -0.1142 0.256 0.150 0.614

Wing 4 , T a i l 2 -0.1128 0.243 0.128 0.563

Ref. TM X-1492
-76-
TABLE 8. - SIDESLIP DERIVATIVES AND ROLL CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS
AT MACH NUMBER 2.5 WITH INLETS COVERED: w o o .

i$ = oo
C C C *
Configuration "6 zB l6
roll

Wing 1, T a i l 1 .lo08 0 - .147 -


Wing 1, T a i l 1, Popout Fin .1568 0 -.163 .0118
Wing 2 , T a i l 1 .0560 0 -.137 .0127
Wing 3, T a i l 1, End P l a t e .1344 0 -.155 -

i$ = 4 5 O

C f
C C
Configuration 1,
ni3 li3 cyi3 roll

Wing 1, T a i l 1 .0974 0 - .142 -


Wing 1, T a i l 1, Popout F i n .1456 0 -.152 .0235
Wing 2 , T a i l 1 .0482 0 -.125 .0252
Wing 3, T a i l 1, End P l a t e .1378 0 -.156 -
Wing 4 , T a i l 2 - - - .0224

* Horizontal t a i l s were d e f l e c t e d .

t All f o u r t a i l s were d e f l e c t e d .

Ref. TM X-1492

-77-
h
VI
Q,
.c
0
c
v
.r(

I
i' ~
VI
L
j, , '
Q,

z
c,

Y
.r(

c
aJ
V
c
.r(

Q,
k
(d
VI
c
0
.r(
VI
c
z
;a"
L
.a
0
c
3

1
-81-
1.0

C
Dso .5

10.0
8.0
1.0
6.0
(L/D)ma:
4.0
cLa .5
2 .o

0 I I 1

1,,o

.5 I
\
0 I I I
0 1 2 3
M

Figure 58. - Variarion of longitudinal parameters with Mach number; a"Oo.

Ref. TN D-7069
C
nB
.1

-.01
0

..
-- I
-82-

I I

-.03

cys
-.2
-
-
I

I
-- I

I
I

I
1

I
0 1 2 3
M
Figure 59. - Variation of sideslip derivatives with Mach number; o"Oo.

Ref. TN D-7069
-83-

I-
L

E
=

..-
.-
h
x
C
.-
c

4
.-
a
c

..
mm
c m
04

nY
o
r(

4-.
a
a
c
n
0-
rtN
v .-CD
z

I
-0
o m
..
oc
-85 -

'm
6

-.8 t Afterbody o f f

- - - - - - - Afterbody on

C
D,o
.5 - C
D,b
I I

1.0 10 I

cL .5
a

1.0

X
-
ac
.5
R

I I
0
1.6 2.0 2.4
M

Figure 61. - Variation of longitudinal parameters with Mach number; a=Oo.


Cone-shaped fairing attached t o n a c e l l e i n l e t .

Ref. TM X-1304
-86-

.2 -
C
ng .1 -

0 I I

1.6 2 .o 2.4
M
Figure 6 2 . - V a r i a t i o n o f s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s w i t h Mach number; ct=Oo.
Cone-shaped f a i r i n g a t t a c h e d t o n a c e l l e i n l e t .

R e f . TM X-1304
TABLE 9. - DIRECTION AND LATERAL CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS;* a=Oo.
Yaw Control t ~ 0 1 1Control+'+
C C C C
Mach No. n6 5 n6
1.80 -.161 .032 ,040 .437 .lo2 -.075

-.215
~~

2.00 .027 .040 .437 .075 -.118

* With cone-shaped f a i r i n g attached t o n a c e l l e i n l e t .

t Yaw control provided by pylon rudder.

t t R o l l control provided by d i f f e r e n t i a l d e f l e c t i o n of t a i l f i n s .

Ref. TM X-1304

-87-
-88-

‘r

n
c
c
0 I 1 I

c -.l
"6
-.2
-
-
c
C
.4 -
D,o
.2 -
I I I I I I

- 5.

-<-
.e p

CL,.4 - 3. (L/D>,,,~~

I I I I I 1.

Figure 64. - V acroi antfiiof znu rofa t i ol onn BW


gitudinal
1HV;
,coo.
p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach number,

Ref. TM X-1538
-90-

-.lO 3

cyB - . l

-.2 c -

L 1 1
1.5 2.0 2.5

F i g u r e 65. - V a r i a t i o n of s i d e s l i p d e r i v a t i v e s w i t h Mach number; ~ ( " 0 ' .

Ref. TM X-1538
-9 1-

0
i 1
-.01-

-.02 -
C
ns -.03,

-.04 .-
-.05 -
-.06-

czG
1; F0
, ,
1.5 2.0 2.5
M

Figure 66. - D i r e c t i o n a l and l a t e r a l c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s ; ~14'.

Ref. TM X-1538
-92-

-
t
m

-
In
n
c
Y
N

1 h
m n
T
A-

i -
n-4
.-IN

0 O/ \
N
m .
L
I-
I
4
?
-
A L
m
N
d
t
m 0
D a
n I-
n
c)

c
m

i
h
m
i ll
m
'9
-
-
m
0
m
I

m
0

1I.
-9 3-

4
6.385
(is, 218)

Canard hinge l i n e

--

(0.356) (1.064)

0.071 (0.180)

(0.089) 0.035

0.270 Root f l a r e
(0.686)
Small canard,C2

(5.398)

(0.318) (5.227)
(0.318) 42.125
0.125 1 1

(15.240
6.000

5.400
c
k- 6.440 (16.358)

T a i l T3
T a i l Tp

(M Vertical bils and canard.

Figure 6 7 . - Concluded
Ref. TM SX-1531
-94-

.4 r

.3 -
C
m
6c .2 -
.1 1 1 1 I 1 I I

.2 ' 1 1 I I 1 1 I

.5
+-
cL
.4 -- -------- - -
o!

.3 4.

.8

-
xac .4
R

1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2


M

Figure 68. - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l parameters w i t h Mach number; a=O:

Ref. 734 SX-1531


.6

.5

.4
C
ng .3

.2

-1

-.01
B
-.02

CZ6 . 0O21 ---___


0
1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2
H
Figure 6 9 . - V a r i a t i o n of s i d e s l i p derivatives and r o l l control effec-
t i v e n e s s w i t h Mach number; u=Oo.
R e f . TM SX-1531
-96-

i
I

I
8-

1
-9 7-

-
L
I
I
7.500
119.0501 1-7
119.0501
. 1 , ,

0.250
0.250 TIoo
I
I
(12. 700)
(12. 700)

E-- - -1
w2 Wing

Figure 70. - Concluded

Ref. TM SX-1961
-98-

w1 .
-6 - F1 w2 .- --

C
mg
C
.4 -
.2 1 I I

- .04
C
D ,b
- .02

5.0 1 5 .O

.5 4.0 .5 4.0
(L/D)
max (L/DImax
.4 3.0 .4 3.0

.3 .3

1.0 -
---- - - - - - -
R .5 -

1 1 I 1
0
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5
M M
F i g u r e 71. - V a r i a t i o n of l o n g i t u d i n a l p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach number; c i = O o .
Kef. TM SX-1961
C
"B

-.lL

11111

-.3 L

.016 .016

a .008 - \
.004 .004 -
0
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5
M M
Figure 72. - Variation of sideslip derivatives and r o l l c o n t r o l
effectiveness with Mach number; a=Oo.

Ref. TM SX-1961
-100-

- . 9,
D

n H
i 8
-101-

m/m, = mass flow r a t i o through n a c e l l e

1.0
.9 - - - --

c”s C
.3

.2

.8

.7
C
D,o
.6

.5

.4
I

1.0

0
1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0
M
Figure 7 4 . V a r i a t i o n o f l o n g i t u d i n a l p a r a m e t e r s w i t h Mach numbers; a=Oo.

Ref. TM SX-2299
-102-

.1 -
-.-=- /= - = ,I--- '.
C -_ '
.---
/
//
\
- / - - -

"B 0 - // 1 1 I

-.1-

01 I I 1 I I I I I

1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0


M

Figure 7 5 . - Variation o f s i d e s l i p derivatives and r o l l c o n t r o l e f f e c t i v e n e s s


~

w i t h Mach number; CLEOo.

Ref. TM SX-2299
-103-

c
m'
k
9)
U

B
.rl
U
C
Q,
V
C
.rl

9)
2
(II
C
0
.rl
(II
E:
9)
E
;a"
4

$
E
v

a,
+
4
.rl

V
.-90)
k
a
E
E
m
2
cd
w
0
-104-

.11
r 0 . 5 CAL. C O W I G .
1.0 CAL. C O B F I G .
1.5 CAI,. CCLIFIG.

.3

.2 1 I I I

cI, .06
a

.05

1.2

.R

-
'ac
2
.4

I I I
1 2 3
M

Fie,ure 7 7 . I. V a r i a t i o n of longitudinal parameters w i t h Mach number; a=aO.

Ref. TM X-2831
LIST OF DOCUMENTS SUMMARIZED

NACA RM L58C19 INVESTIGATION OF CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS AND STABILITY


CHARACTERISTICS OF A MODEL OF A LOW-WING MISSILE W I W
INTERDIGITATED TAIL SURFACES AT MACH NUMBERS OF 2.29,
2.97, AND 3.51.
John G. Presnell, Jr., 1958.

NASA TM X-187 STATIC AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SEVERAL HYPER-


SONIC MISSILE-AND-CONTROL CONFIGURATIONS AT A MACH
NUMBER OF 4.65.
James D. Church and Ida M. Kirkland, 1960.

NASA TM X-348 EFFECTS OF AFTERBODY SHAPE ON THE AERODYNAMIC CHARAC-


TERISTICS OF A FINENESS-RATIO-10 CONE-CYLINDER CON-
FIGURATION AT MACH NUMBERS FROM 1.57 TO 4.65 INCLUDING
DESIGN PARAMETER CURVES FOR CIRCULAR AFTERBODY FLARES.
Ausley B. Carraway, Kenneth L. Turner, and Janette M.
Crowder ,1960.

NASA TM X-846 LONGITUDINAL STABILITY AND CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS OF


AN AIR-TO-AIR MISSILE CONFIGURATION AT MACH NUMBERS OF
2.30 AND 4.60 AND ANGLES OF ATTACK FROM -45" to 90".
Royce L. McKinney, 1963.
NASA TM X-1025 SUPERSONIC AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A CRUCIFORM
MISSILE CONFIGURATION WITH LOW-ASPECT-RATIO WINGS AND
IN-LINE TAIL CONTROLS.
Dennis E. Fuller and William A. Corlett, 1964.

NASA TM X-1112 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH 1.60, 2.00, AND 2.50


OF A CRUCIFORM MISSILE CONFIGURATION WITH IN-LINE TAIL
CONTROLS.
William A . C o r l e t t and Dennis E. Fuller, 1965.

NASA TM X-1184 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH NUMBERS FROM 0.40


TO 2.86 OF A MISSILE MODEL HAVING ALL-MOVABLE WINGS AND
INTERDIGITATED TAILS.
Gerald V. Foster and William A. Corlett, 1965.

NASA TM X-1304 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A 0.187-SCUE MODEL OF


A TARGET MISSILE AT MACH 1.80 TO 2.16.
William A. Corlett, 1966.

-105-
-106-

NASA TM X-1309 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A MANEUVERABLE MISSILE


WITH CRUCIFORM WINGS AND IN-LINE CANAFUI SURFACES AT
MACH NUMBERS FROM 0.50 TO 4.63.
William A. Corlett, 1966.
NASA TM X-1332 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH NUMBERS OF 3.95 'AND
4.63 FOR A MISSILE MODEL HAVING ALL-MOVABLE WINGS AND
INTERDIGITATED TAILS.
M. Leroy Spearman and William A. Corlett, 1967.

NASA TM X-1352 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH NUMBERS FROM 1.50


TO 4.63 OF A MANEUVERABLE MISSILE WITH IN-LINE CRUCI-
FORM WINGS AND CANARD SURFACES.
M. Leroy Spearman and William A. Corlett, 1967.

NASA TM X-1416 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A WINGED CRUCIFORM


MISSILE CONFIGURATION WITH AFT TAIL CONTROLS AT MACH
NUMBERS FROM 1.60 TO 4 . 6 3 .
M. Leroy Spearman and William A. Corlett, 1967.

NASA TM X-1491 SUPERSONIC AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A MODEL OF


AN AIR-TO-GROUND MISSILE.
Clyde Hayes, 1968.
NASA TM X-1492 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH 2.50 OF A CRUCIFORM
MISSILE CONFIGURATION WITH IN-LINE INLETS, WINGS, AND
TAIL SURFACES.
Dennis E. Fuller and Celia S. Richardson, 1968.

NASA TM SX-1531 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A TARGET DRONE VEHICLE


AT MACH NUMBERS FROM 1.57 TO 2.10.
A. B. Blair, Jr., and Roger H. Fournier, 1968.

NASA TM X-1538 STABILITY AND CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH 1.57 TO


2.16 OF A TARGET DRONE MODEL WITH AN UNDERSLUNG INLET.
A. B. Blair, Jr., and Melvin M. Camel, 1968.
NASA TM X-1751 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A MODIFIED MISSILE MODEL
WITH TRAPEZOIDAL WINGS AND AFT TAIL CONTROLS AT MACH
NUMBERS OF 2.50 TO 4.63.
William A. Corlett, 1969.

NASA TM X-1834 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A CRUCIFORM-WING MISSILE


MODEL WITH A SYSTEMATIC VARIATION OF C&JARD AND TAIL
LOCATIONS AT MACH 1.60 TO 4.63.
William A. Corlett, 1969.

NASA TM X-1839 EFFECTS OF WING PLANFORM ON THE STATIC AERODYNAMICS OF


A CRUCIFORM WINGBODY MISSILE FOR MACH NUMBERS UP TO 4.63.
M. Leroy Spearman and Charles D. Trescot, Jr., 1969.
-107-

NASA TM SX-1961 EFFECTS OF ADDITIONAL REVISIONS ON THE AERODYNAMIC


CHARACTERISTICS OF A TARGET DRONE VEHICLE AT MACH
NUMBERS 'FROM 1.70 TO 4.63.
A. B. Blair, Jr., and Dorothy H. Tudor, 1970.
NASA TM X-2289 EFFECTS OF NOSE BLUNTNESS ON THE STATIC AERODYNAMIC
CHARACTERISTICS OF A CRUCIFORM-WING MISSILE AT MACH
NUMBERS 1.50 TO 2.86.
Roger H. Fournier and M. Leroy Spearman, 1971.

NASA TM SX-2299 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH NUMBERS FROM 1.60


TO 2.86 OF A TARGET-DRONE VEHICLE WITH AN UNDERSLUNG
ENGINE NACELLE.
A. B. Blair, Jr., 1971.

NASA TM X-2367 LONGITUDINAL AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH 1.50


TO 4.63 OF A MISSILE MODEL EMPLOYING VARIOUS CANARDS
AND A TRAILING-EDGE FLAP CONTROL.
Charles D. Trescot, Jr., 1971.

NASA TM X-2491 EFFECTS OF STRAP-ON BOOSTERS ON THE AERODYNAMIC


CHARACTERISTICS OF A SIMULATED LAUNCH VEHICLE AT
MACH NUMBERS FROM 1.50 TO 2.86.
M. Leroy Spearman and Roger H. Fournier, 1972.

NASA TM X-2774 EFFECTS OF FIN PLANFORM ON THE AERODYNAMIC CHARACTER-


ISTICS OF A WINGLESS MISSILE WITH AFT CRUCIFORM CON-
TROLS AT MACH 1.60, 2.36, AND 2.86.
Charles D. Trescot, Jr., Gerald V. Foster, and C.
Donald Babb, 1973.
NASA TM X-2780 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH 0.60 TO 4 . 6 3 OF
TWO CRUCIFORM MISSILE MODELS, ONE HAVING TRAPEZOIDAL
WINGS WITH CANARD CONTROLS AND THE OTHER HAVING DELTA
WINGS WITH TAIL CONTROLS.
William A. Corlett and Dorothy T. Howell, 1973.

NASA TM X-2831 EFFECT OF NOSE SHAPE AND TAIL LENGTH ON SUPERSONIC


STABILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF A PROJECTILE.
Wallace C. Sawyer and Ida K. Collins, 1973.

NASA TM X-3070 STABILITY AND CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS AT MACH NUMBERS


FROM 0.20 TO 4.63 OF A CRUCIFORM AIR-TO-AIR MISSILE WITH
TRIANGULAR CANARD CONTROLS AND A TRAPEZOIDAL WING.
Ernald B. Graves and Roger H. Fournier, 1974.

NASA TM X-7198 STABILITY AND CONTROL CHARACTERISTICS OF A MONOPLANE


MISSILE WITH LARGE DELTA WINGS AND VARIOUS TAIL CONTROLS
AT MACH 1.90 TO 2.86.
Lloyd S. Jernell, 1974.
-108-

NASA TN D-7069 AERODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A SWEPT-WING CRUISE


MISSILE AT MACH MTMBERS FROM 0.50 TO 2 . 8 6 .
M. Leroy Spearman and Ida K. C o l l i n s , 1972.

*U.S. GWERNhENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1977 - 735-00414