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Problem # (16)

A rectangular footing is acted by a vertical load of 8060 kN and two horizontal forces of

1500 kN in both the long and the short directions with a distance of 0.6 m from the ground surface.

Determine:

1. The base pressure at the four corners if the footing was on soil.

2. Pile loads at the four corners if the footing was on piles whose pattern as shown.

Solution:

8060 KN

soil 20 kN / m

3

0.5 m

2*2 m pedestal

conc 24 kN / m

3

Hp = 1500 KN

1.4 m 1 m

7m

0.5 m

B A

1m 1m 1m 1m

Hp = 1500 KN

5m

0.5 m D 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m C 0.5 m

0.5 m

Hs = 1500 KN

Footing 5×7×1.4×24 = 1176 kN

Soil (5×7 – 2×2) ×1.0×20 = 620 kN

Column load 8060 kN

68

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

q max

Q 1 6eL

6eB

min A L B

1500 3

eL eB 0 . 45 m

10 , 000

10 , 000 6 0 . 45 6 0 . 45

q max 1

min 57 7 5

Q max 285 . 7 111 . 4 154 . 3

min

qB = 285.7 - 111.4 + 154.3 = 329 kN/m2

qC = 285.7 + 111.4 - 154.3 = 243 kN/m2

qD = 285.7 - 111.4 - 154.3 = 20 kN/m2

Q

Q

M yx

M xy

n Iy Ix

e L e B 0 . 45 m

e Q M L M B

4500 KN / m

IL = 22 ×4×2 + 12×2×3 = 38 pile.m2

Q 3 2

18 76 38

Q max

556 178 237

min

QB = 556 - 178 + 237 = 615 KN/pile

QC = 556 + 178 - 237 = 497 KN/pile

QD = 556 - 178 - 237 = 141 KN/pile

69

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Problem # (17)

For the group of friction piles shown; determine the settlement of the clay layers.

T o ta l Q = 3 6 0 0 K N

4 .0 m

1 .2

F r ic tio n p ile s

I n c o m r e s s ib le

2 .8 m

2 /3 D f = 8 .0 m

1 .2

0 .4

m v = 0 .0 0 0 1 K N

1 .2 1 .2 1 .2

1 2 p ile s g r o u p

17 m SO FT C LAY

Q 1 = 3 6 0 0 /( 4 * 2 .8 ) = 3 2 1 .4 K N /m 2

1 /3 D f = 4 .0 m

1 .5

Q 2 = 1 3 8 .5 K N /m 2 A1

30

1 .5

Q 3 = 7 7 .0 K N /m 2 A2

I n c o m p r e s s ib le

I n c o m r e s s ib le

A d d e d v e r tic a l s tr e s s w h ic h c u a s e s e ttle m e n t

3 .0

Q 3 = 3 3 .9 K N /m 2 A3

5 .0 m

A4

3 .0

Q 3 = 1 9 .0 K N /m 2

Solution:

S P H mv AL mv

A = Pressure area

S is the settlement of the clay layer

A1 = 0.5× (321.4 + 138.5) × 1.5 = 345 kN/m.

A2 = 0.5× (138.5 + 77.0) × 1.5 = 162 kN/m.

A3 = 0.5× (77.0 + 33.9) × 3.0 = 166 kN/m.

A4 = 0.5× (33.9 + 19) × 3.0 = 79 kN/m.

S1 = 345×0.0001 = 0.0345 m

S2 = 162×0.0001 = 0.0162 m

S3 = 166×0.0001 = 0.0166 m

S4 = 79×0.0001 = 0.0079 m

Total Settlement = 0.0752 m = 75.2 mm

Note that almost the half of the settlement of the pile group is due to compression of the upper 1.50

thick layer.

6:

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Problem # (18)

Determine the settlement of the group of point bearing piles shown.

T o ta l Q = 3 6 0 0 K N

E n d B e a r in g P ile s

SO FT C LAY

4 .0 m

D f = 8 .0 m

0 .4 m

m v = 0 .0 0 0 1 K N

1 .2

2 .8 m

1 .2

1 .2 1 .2 1 .2

1 2 p ile s g r o u p

0

3 .0

30 Q 1 = 7 7 .0 k N /m 2

3 .0

Q 2 = 3 3 .9 k N /m 2

6 .0

CLAY

3 .0

Q 3 = 1 9 .0 K N /m 2

Solution:

S P H mv AL mv

A = Pressure area

S is the settlement of the clay layer

Note; Q is used instead of P in the following equations

3600

Q1 77 . 0 kN / m

2

( 4 2 3 tan 30 ) ( 2 . 8 2 3 tan 30 )

3600

Q2 33 . 9 kN / m

2

( 4 2 6 tan 30 ) ( 2 . 8 2 6 tan 30 )

3600

Q3 19 kN / m

2

( 4 2 9 tan 30 ) ( 2 . 8 2 9 tan 30 )

1

S1 ( 77 . 0 33 . 9 ) 3 . 0 0 . 0001 0 . 0166 m

2

1

S2 ( 33 . 9 19 . 0 ) 3 . 0 0 . 0001 0 . 0079 m

2

Total Settlement S = 0.0166 + 0.0079 = 0.0245 m = 24.5 mm

6;

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Problem # (19)

A reinforced concrete circular pile is driven to the soil as shown below. Calculate the

negative skin friction force acting on the pile.

17 KN / m

3

4 .0 m

N e w s a n d fill ( 1 )

35

o

18 KN / m

3

4 .0 m

C o m p r e s s ib le c la y la y e r ( 2 )

q u 30 KN / m

2

4 .0 m

C o m p r e s s ib le c la y la y e r ( 2 ) R ock

0 .5 m

R ock

0 .5 m

Solution:

K o 1 sin 0 . 43

2

3

tan 0 . 467 R e s u lta n t o f la te r a l

4 .0 m

e a r th p r e s s u r e a t r e s t

qu

Cu 15 KN / m

2

2 1

Po 4 29 . 24 58 . 48 KN / m

2

4 17 0 . 43 29 . 24 KN / m

2

F 1 P o D

F 1 58 . 48 0 . 467 0 . 5 43 KN

F 2 Dh Cu

F 2 0 . 5 4 15 94 . 3 KN

75

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Problem # (20)

A pile supported foundation is given below. A vertical force of 1200 kN (including all the

loads on foundation) is acting downward at point K.

Determine the loads carried by piles A, B and C.

A x is o f S y m m e tr y

B

3 .4 6 4 m

2 .0 7 m

K

X X

c .g

0 .6 9 m

1 .5 m

A

C

Ө Ө

2 .4 m

0 .4 6 m

4 .0 m

P ile C a p

Solution:

3 . 464

tan 60

o

2

x

tan 30 x 0 . 46 m .

0

tan

2 0 .8

Eccentrici ty :

e 1 . 5 ( 0 . 69 0 . 46 ) 0 . 35 m

Moment :

M 1200 0 . 35 420 KN . m

1 1 . 38 2 0 . 69 2 . 86 Pile . m

2 2 2

Ix x

1200 420

QA QC 0 . 69 299 kN / pile

3 2 . 86

1200 4200

QB 1 . 38 603 kN / pile

3 2 . 86

75

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

Problem # (21)

One of the exterior columns of a steel frame structure is acted by a vertical force of 10,000

kN, a horizontal force of 2000 kN and a moment of 5000 kN.m. Due to a poor foundation soil; it was

decided to support that column by a pile foundation consisting of a twelve pile group. Piles are

concrete filled steel pipe piles. Allowable axial compressive load on each pile is 2000 kN. It is also

predicted that each pile can also resist a horizontal force of 60 kN. Passive resistance of soil will not

be considered.

Is the selected pile group satisfactory?

5 0 0 0 K N .m

2000 K N

10000 K N

1 .5 * 1 .5 m p e d e s ta l

5 .5 * 7 .5 m P ile c a p

3 3

1 1

V e r tic a l P ile s

0 .7 5

2

5 .5 m

2

0 .7 5

0 .7 5 2 2 2 0 .7 5

7 .5 m

Solution:

Column load = 10,000 kN

Weight of pedestal = 1.5 ×1.5 ×2 ×24 = 108 kN

Weight of pile cap = 5.5 ×7.5 ×2 ×24 = 1,980 kN

Weight of soil = (5.5 ×7.5 – 1.5 ×1.5) ×2 ×20 = 1,560 kN

Moment = 5000 + 4 ×2000 = 13000 kN.m

Horizontal loads = 2000 kN

75

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

SOLVED PROBLEMS IN FOUNDATION ENGINEERING

I 1 1 2 3 (1 3 ) 60 pile . m

2 2 2

Qn

Q

M

Xn 1

n I1 1

13648 13000

Qn X n 1137 217 X n A B C D

12 60

Then;

QA = 1137 -217×3 = 486 kN/pile

QB = 1137 -217×1 = 920 kN/pile

QC = 1137 +217×1 = 1354 kN/pile

QD = 1137 +217×3 = 1788 kN/pile

2 m 1 m 1 m 2 m

1

486 1788

Unbalanced horizontal force = 2000 3 3 698 KN

3 3

698

Now; 58 kN / pile 60 O . K .

12

QD U n b a la n c e h r iz o n ta l fo r c e

RD

cos

1

tan 3 Q D 5364 KN

3

cos 0 . 95

1 . 788

RD 1884 kN 2000 kN O . K .

0 . 95 3 Q C 4062

Q 13648 KN

3 Q B 2760

3 Q A 1548

Q 2000

75

PROF. MOHAMMED AWAD

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