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SOAL UTS PENGANTAR TEKNIK KIMIA 2014

Hari, Tanggal : Selasa, 21 Oktober 2014


Waktu : 90 Menit
Sifat Ujian :-
Dosen : Ir. Dewi Tristantini, MT., PhD.

MULTIPLE CHOICES
Circle a letter for the right answer of each problem.

1. Solid particles separation based on the difference in their flow velocities through
fluids is termed as the
a. Clarification c. Classification
b. Elutriation d. Sedimentation

2. Substances that categorized as raw materials in chemical product tree are...


a. Rock, salt, solvent, dispenser d. Ethylene, propene, butadiene,
b. Plastic, dyes, fertilizer, benzene
cosmetics e. Petroleum, natural gas, biomass,
c. Methanol, vinyl chloride, air
styrene, acrylic acid

3. There are 5 periods of emergence and growth of Chemical Engineering, since 2000
until now, Chemical Engineering is in era of....
a. Biotechnology revolution c. Mathematic era
b. Computation and process d. Pragmatic empiricism era
simulation e. Startup phase
4.

Figure above is block flow diagram of...


a. Compressor d. Membrane
b. Pump e. Heat exchange
c. Expander

5. To provides technical support to staff and troubleshoots processes in a production


facility to keep a plant running efficiently and being involved with design work for
improving methods of production is mainly the typical function of Chemical Engineer
as....
a. Environmental engineer d. Plant process engineer
b. Business coordinator e. Research and development
c. Sales and marketing engineer engineer

6. To develop budgets and capital projections for a facility or process. Coordinate work
closely with production and design team members to determine the exact needs of a
new process, then plan the capital needs necessarily to implement the program is
mainly the typical function of Chemical Engineer as....
a. Environmental engineer e. Research and development
b. Business coordinator engineer
c. Sales and marketing engineer
d. Plant process engineer

7. To explore and develop new process and products and determines their usefulness
and applicability is mainly the typical function of Chemical Engineer as....
a. Environmental engineer d. Research and development
b. Plant process engineer engineer
c. Business coordinator e. Sales and marketing engineer
8. Dimension for unit of pressure is....
a. [L] d. [M][L]/[T]2
b. [M]/([L][T]2) e. [M]/[L]3
c. [L]/[T]2

9. The most common flow regimes in pipe which has characteristics chaotic, transverse
motion, and unpredictable is called....
a. Laminar d. Unsteady state
b. Steady state e. Turbulent
c. Transitional

10. System which does not have flows in or out of substance but still have energy of
momentum flows is called as....
a. Open system d. No generation system
b. Steady state system e. Isolated system
c. Closed system

11. System does not accumulate a substance (accumulation = 0) is called as...


a. Open system d. No generation system
b. Steady state system e. Isolated system
c. Closed system

12. System in which material is transferred across the system boundary, that is, enters the
system, leaves the system, or both is called as....
a. Open system d. No generation system
b. Steady state system e. Isolated system
c. Closed system

13. Ratio of the moles of a particular (usually desired) product produced to the moles of
another (usually desired or by-) product produced in a set of reactions is called as...
a. Limiting reactant c. Conversion
b. Degree of completion d. yield
e. Selectivity

14. Equipment which is used to move liquid substance is....


a. Compressor d. Reactor
b. Valve e. Expander
c. Pump

15. Type of separation which uses solvent is...


a. Distillation d. filtration
b. membrane e. Adsorption
c. Extraction

16. Type of separation which uses heat input to evaporate the volatile component from
other components is....
a. Distillation d. Filtration
b. Membrane e. Adsorption
c. Extraction

17. The oldest chemical industry produces...


a. Soap d. Synthetic fiber
b. Carbon black e. Pharmaceutical
c. Sugar

18. Product of oil distillation which has lowest boiling point is....
a. Vacuum residue d. LPG
b. Gasoline e. Kerosene
c. Fuel oil

19. Number 1 shows....


a. Process name b. Chemical reaction
c. Reactant e. Product
d. Operation unit

20. Number 3 shows ...


a. Process name d. Operation unit
b. Chemical reaction e. Product
c. Reactant

21. Valves is unit operation for ...


a. Separation process d. Heat exchange process
b. Transport process (movers) e. Reaction process
c. Mixing process

22. Method of separation which is commonly used in oil petroleum refinery is ...
a. Distillation d. Heat exchange process
b. Membrane e. Adsorption
c. Extraction
23. Alumunium sulfate can be made by reaction crushed bauxite ore with sulfuric acid,
according to following reaction:
Al2O3 + H2SO4  Al2(SO4)3 + 3H2O
The bauxite ore contains 55,4% by weight of alumunium oxide, the remainder being
impurities. The sulfuric acid solution contains 77,7% H2SO4, the rest being water. To
produce crude alumunium sulfate containing 1798 lb of pure alumunium sulfate, 1080
lb of bauxite ore, and 2510 lb of sulfuric acid solution are useWhat was the degree of
completion of the reaction?
a. 0.26 d. 0.92
b. 0.89 e. 0.79
c. 0.29

24. A wire is undergoing transverse vibration with a certain vibration period (T). Wire’s
vibration period (T) has a dimension proportionality to the mass per unit length (μ),
wire length (L), and wire’s tension force (F). find the equation of the wire’s vibration
period (T) by using dimensional analysis!
a. T = k.L.μ.F b. T = k 𝐿/(𝐹μ)
c. T = k.L. (μ/F)0.5 F
e. T = k.L. √μ
d. T = k.L2F-1
25. The common method used in manufacturing sodium hypochlorite bleach is by the
reaction:
Cl2 + 2NaOH  NaCl + NaOCl + H2O
Chlorine gas is bubbled through an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide, after
which the desired product is separated from sodium chloride (a by-product of the
reaction). A water-NaOH solution that contains 1145 lb of pure NaOH is reacted with
851 lb of gaseous chlorinThe NaOCl formed weighs 618 lWhat is the degree of
completion of the reaction?
a. 0.692 d. 0.758
b. 0.685 e. 0.579
c. 0.194

26. A charcoal plant has a contract to make charcoal briquettes that are guaranteed
tocontain no more than 10% moisture and 10% ash. The raw material that they use
have 1.4% moisture, 16.6% volatile material, 57.5% carbon, and 13.5% ash. To get
the charcoal that meet specification, they mix raw material with petroleum coke
which contain 8.2% volatile material, 88.7% carbon, and 3.1% moisture. How many
petroleum cokes that must be added?
a. 20 kg d. 40 kg
b. 35 kg e. 30 kg
c. 25 kg

27. Which of the following is used as a catalyst in fluidisied bed catalytic cracking?
a. Silica-magnesia c. Bentonite clays
b. Silica-alumina d. All (a), (b) and (c)

28. In petroleum refining, the process used for conversion of hydrocarbons to aromatics
is …
a. Catalytic cracking c. Hydrotreating
b. Catalytic reforming d. Alkylation

29. Octane number of gasoline is a measure of its …


a. Resistance to knock c. Ignition temperature
b. Ignition delay d. Smoke point

30. To accelerate the transition to a sustainable society is a mission of ...


a. Environment protection c. Natural steps
agency d. Economically development
b. Global warming prevention

31. Global warming is primarily a problem of too much ...... in the atmosphere- which
acts as a blanket, trapping heat and warming the planet.
a. Carbon monoxide c. Nitrogen
b. Carbon dioxide d. Oxygen

32. Catalyst used in catalytic reforming is …


a. Platinum on alumina c. Iron
b. Nickel d. Aluminium chloride

33. Inhalation of lead compounds present in automobile exhaust (using leaded petrol)
causes ...
a. Blood poisoning c. Nervous system disorder
b. Anaemia d. All (a), (b) & (c)

34. Exposure to chemicals having carcinogenic properties causes …


a. Dermatitis (skin disorder) c. Asphyxiation (suffocation)
b. Cancer d. Asthma

35. Fertilizer plants get their N2 requirements …


a. By fractionation of liquefied c. From coal gas (coke oven
air. gas).
b. By dissociating axides of d. From producer gas.
nitrogen.

36. The gasification reaction represents by, C + H2O  CO + H2, is a/an ... reaction.
a. Exothermic b. Endothermic
c. Catalytic d. Autocatalytic

37. Valves is unit operation for ...


a. Separation process d. Heat exchange process
b. Transport process (movers) e. Reaction process
c. Mixing process

38. A catalyst ...


a. Initiates a reaction.
b. Lowers the activation energy of reaction molecules.
c. Is capable of reaction with any one of the reactants.
d. Can not be recovered chemically unchanged at the end of a chemical reaction.

39. 6 kg of carbon is burnt with an amount of air containing 18 g oxygen. The product
contains 16.5 grams CO2 and 2.8 grams CO besides other constituents. What is the
degree of conversion on the basis of disappearance of limiting reactant?
a. 100% c. 75%
b. 95% d. 20%

40. Conversion ... with increase in pressure for ammonia synthesis reaction i.e.,
a. Increases c. Remains unchanged
b. Decreases d. Unpredictable from the data

ESSAY
Do the essay problems on the back side of the problem pages.

1. Suppose you have a pipe that constricts halfway through form a radius of 0.5 cm to a
radius of 0.25 cm. Previously, a liquid approaches at a velocity of 0.5 m/s. What is
the velocity of the fluid after the constriction?

2. A mixture containing 45% benzene (B) and 55% toluene (T) by mass is fed to a
distillation column. An overhead (top) stream of 95 wt% B is produced, and 8% of
the benzene fed to the column leaves in the bottom stream. The feed rate is 2000 kg/h.
Determine the overhead flow rate and the mass flow rates of benzene and toluene in
the bottom stream.

3. What is the volumetric flow rate of a solution with density 1.5 kg/m3 flowing at a
velocity of 5 m/s and a mass flow of 500 g/min? What is the area of the pipe? If it is
circular, what is the radius?

Molecular weight data:


Al = 27, S = 32, O = 16, H = 1, Cl = 35.5, Na = 23 , C = 12
JAWABAN UTS PENGANTAR TEKNIK KIMIA 2014

Asisten Dosen :-
Jurusan, Angkatan :-

JAWABAN PG

1. D 15. C 29. A
2. E 16. A 30. C
3. A 17. B 31. B
4. E 18. B 32. A
5. D 19. C 33. D
6. B 20. E 34. B
7. D 21. B 35. A
8. B 22. A 36. B
9. E 23. B 37. B
10. C 24. C 38. B
11. B 25. A 39. -
12. A 26. - 40. A
13. E 27. D
14. C 28. D

JAWABAN ESSAY

1.

𝑄1 = 𝑄2 → 𝐴1 𝑉1 = 𝐴2 𝑉2 → 𝜋𝑟12 𝑉1 = 𝜋𝑟22 𝑉2
𝑟1 2 𝑉2 0,5 2 𝑉2
( ) = → ( ) =
𝑟2 𝑉1 0,25 0,5
𝑉2 = 22 0,5 = 2 𝑚⁄𝑠

2.

Persamaan umum
𝐹 =𝐷+𝑊
2000 = 𝐷 + 𝑊
𝑊 = 2000 − 𝐷 … . (1)

Persamaan neraca benzena


0,45𝐹 = 0,95𝐷 + 0,08𝑊
0,45 2000 = 0,95𝐷 + 0,08𝑊
90000 = 95𝐷 + 8𝑊 … . (2)

Persamaan (1) + (2)


90000 = 95𝐷 + 8(2000 − 𝐷)
74000 = 87𝐷 → 𝐷 = 850,57
𝑊 = 2000 − 850,5 = 1149,43

Cek dengan persamaan neraca toluena


0,55𝐹 = 0,05𝐷 + 0,92𝑊
0,55 2000 = 0,05 850,57 + 0,92 1149,43
1100 = 42,3 + 1057,47 → 1100 = 1100 (𝑄𝐸𝐷)

Maka W = 1149,43 kg/h


D = 850,57 kg/h

3. L = 1,5 kg/m3
V = 5 m/s
M = 500 gr/min

a. Harus dilakukan dimensional analysis:


A  L2
𝜌  M L-3
V  L T-1
M  M T-1
Maka untuk mendapatkan persamaan untuk mendapat A
L2 = (M L-3)-1 (L T-1) (M T-1)
L2 = (M-1 L3) (L-1 T) (M T-1)
1 𝑘𝑔 1 1𝑚𝑖𝑛
𝑚 500 𝑔𝑟 1000 𝑔𝑟 𝑚𝑖𝑛 60 𝑠
𝐴= = = 0,0011 𝑚2
𝜌𝑣 𝑘𝑔 𝑚
1,5 3 5 𝑠
𝑚

b. 𝐴 = 𝜋𝑟 2

𝐴 0.0011
𝑟=√ =√ = √0.000354 = 0.0188 𝑚
𝜋 𝜋