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Wind Energy

Resource Assessment and Power Performance Measurement Systems

p. 3 Wind-Energy Systems
p. 10 Wind-Energy Sensors
p. 14 Dataloggers
p. 15 Telemetry Peripherals
p. 17 Solar-Energy Systems
p. 19 Case Study: Wind Farm Monitoring

www.campbellsci.com
Campbell Scientific
Instruments for Wind-Energy Applications
Campbell Scientific designs, manufactures,
and sells rugged dataloggers, data-acquisition
systems, and measurement and control
products used world wide in environmental,
research, and industrial markets. The company
was established in 1974, with its corporate
headquarters in Logan, Utah. The majority of
Campbell Scientific products are manufactured
at its U.S. facility, which employs over 300 people
in engineering, production, marketing, and
administration departments.

Campbell datalogger-based measurement


systems have long been used by the wind-
energy industry to assess the wind resources
at potential and operational sites. Our robust
and versatile instruments allow developers,
operators, and researchers to design
meteorological stations specific to the location
or condition of interest and in support of
the development of new methods of power
generation. Campbell dataloggers are the most
versatile measurement platforms available today.

2
SOLUTION

WIND ENERGY
Wind Resource Assessment and Power Performance Measurement Systems

R E L I A B L E

Campbell Scientific’s turn-key systems are designed for permanent sity, and electric power. Real-time or interval data are stored locally
operational meteorological, wind resource assessment, and power on the datalogger, and can be can be transmitted via all standard
performance monitoring and testing. These systems have a wide communication methods.
range of options for measuring wind speed, wind direction, air den-

MAJOR SYSTEMS
Measurements Power Communications
Datalogger Description
Typical Optional Requirement Supported

Wind speed
WMS100 | Wind ◦Anemometer Modbus
◦Class 1 MEASNET cellular
Measurement ◦Ultrasonic 3D wind speed/
email
System 100 ◦Heated direction Datalogger en-
DNP3
◦Vertical Ice detection/ closure supports
Meteorological surface moisture
FTP
any user-spec-
station for Wind direction CR3000 AC, DC, TCP/IP
Electric field, light- ified sensor and
wind energy Air temperature CR1000 or solar fiber optic
ning warning communication
applications Differential air radio
Solar radiation specification in a
temperature serial
Remote sensing Lidar turn-key package
Relative humidity field display
Turbine electric power
Barometric pressure satellite
Precipitation Wi-Fi
Tower light diagnostics

Modbus
cellular Configured to
WRA100 | Wind DC current/voltage
email support legacy
DNP3 sensor designs
Resource Assessment Wind speed Visibility/present
FTP and packages
Wind direction weather
Station 100 Air temperature Electric field, light- CR800
AC, DC, TCP/IP commonly de-
Meteorological station or solar fiber optic ployed for per-
Relative humidity ning warning
radio forming wind
for wind resource Barometric pressure Delta temperature
serial resource assess-
Vertical wind speed
assessment field display ment in North
satellite America
Wi-Fi

Modbus
cellular
Horizontal wind speed, Continuous wave
email
Vertical wind speed, lidar measure-
DNP3
Wind veer ment system,
FTP
ZephIR300 | Remote Wind shear Any co-located used to make
CR1000 AC, DC, TCP/IP
Turbulence intensity Campbell Scientific wind measure-
Sensing Lidar CR3000 or solar fiber optic
Temperature MET mast ments at user-
radio
Relative humidity configurable
serial
Barometric pressure heights from
field display
GPS location and time 10 m to 300 m
satellite
Wi-Fi

More info: 435.227.9120


campbellsci.com/wind-energy
3
Measurements Power Communications
Datalogger Description
Typical Optional Requirement Supported

Modbus
cellular
email
Generator frequency DNP3 User-configu-
SWP100 Shaft speed FTP rable station for
Vibration CR3000 TCP/IP power measure-
System for wind AC power AC, DC,
Movement CR1000 fiber optic ments. Ideal for
turbine performance DC power or solar
Stress CR800 radio IEC 61400-12-1
monitoring Strain serial power perfor-
Meteorological field mance tests
display
satellite
Wi-Fi

Custom Systems
Most of the systems we sell are customized. Tell us what you need
and we’ll help you configure a system that meets your exact needs.

Dataloggers used in Wind Monitoring Communications


Our dataloggers can make and record measurements and control The availability of multiple telecommunications and on-site op-
electrical devices. They can function as PLCs or RTUs, and have tions for retrieving data or reporting site conditions also allows
many channel types, allowing nearly any sensor to be measured our systems to be customized to meet exact needs. Options
on a single unit. For example, one datalogger can measure strain include: Modbus, cellular, email, DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, fiber optic,
on turbine blades, wind speed, and power output of the turbine, radio, serial, field display, satellite, and Wi-Fi. Systems can be pro-
even while controlling peripheral devices. grammed to send alarms or report site conditions.

Wind Monitoring Sensors Software


Almost any sensor can be measured by our dataloggers, allowing Our PC-based support software simplifies the entire data acquisi-
the wind energy system to be customized for each application. tion process, from programming to data retrieval to data display
Typical measurements include, but are not limited to: wind speed and analysis. Our software automatically manages data retrieval
(anemometers, class 1 MEASNET, ultrasonic, heated sensors sup- from networks or single stations. Robust error-checking ensures
ported), wind direction, air temperature, differential air tempera- data integrity. We can even help you post your data to the Internet.
ture, relative humidity, barometric pressure, vertical wind, solar
radiation, precipitation, ice detection, and lightning potential.

Wind Energy Case Studies


Our wind energy systems have helped a variety of organizations
reach their goals. The following are just a few of these:

A Campbell datalogging system monitors an offshore wind farm in


Wales. Even though the wind farm experiences harsh conditions, Campbell Scien-
the system has provided better than 99 percent data recovery. tific equipment
allows the wind
www.campbellsci.com/wales-wind farm in Tehachapi,
California to
Campbell gear is used to monitor meteorological and power- report data to the
California ISO.
generating parameters at a wind farm in Tehachapi, California.
CalWind Resources owns and operates the wind farm.
www.campbellsci.com/california-wind-energy

815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com © 2012, 2013


Campbell Scientific, Inc.
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | CHINA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN
April 30, 2014

4
SYSTEMS

WMS100
Wind Measurement System

Any Configuration
Wind-Monitoring System for
Wind Energy Applications

Common
Applications

y Permanent Operational y Offshore Meteorological and


MET Tower Oceanographic Conditions Station
y Wind Resource Assessment y Artic/Cold Climate Meteorological Tower
y IEC Turbine Power Perfor- y Advanced Atmospheric Stability
mance Testing Monitoring

Overview
The WMS100 is a robust wind monitoring solution specifically tion. The WMS, commonly deployed as the permanent Met tower
designed for the wind energy market. The standard WMS station for power producing facilities, can also be designed to meet IEC
delivers key wind energy weather data in a configurable turn-key 61400-12-1 Power Performance measurements of Electricity Produc-
package designed to simplify installation and commissioning. The ing Wind Turbines. Built-in security features keep the WMS station
system supports any sensor configuration and communication op- and your data secure.

Benefits and Features


Ideal as an operational met station on power producing wind Supports a wide range of data retrieval options including Modbus
energy sites (Ethernet, Fiber, Wireless), DNP3, email, FTP, HTTP API, LoggerNett
Includes a Campbell Scientific CR1000 or CR3000 Measurement Easy to install, commission, and maintain
and Control Datalogger ◦Turn-key package including datalogger, communications,
Supports any user-specified sensor configuration and communi- and power
cation option ◦Datalogger is preconfigured so no coding necessary
Supports two-way communications and real-time data viewing Operates on AC and/or DC power
Undergoes full system test prior to shipment

More info: 435.227.9030


www.campbellsci.com/wms100
5
SYSTEMS

WRA100
Wind Resource Assessment Station

Legacy Design
Basic Meteorological Station for
Wind Resource Assessment

Measurements
y Wind speed y Relative humidity
y Wind direction y Barometric pressure
y Air temperature

Overview
Campbell Scientific’s WRA100 is a meteorological station configured logging systems, integrating seamlessly with your existing tower and
to support legacy sensor designs and packages commonly deployed sensors. The WRA100’s versatile cutting-edge design supports first
for performing wind resource assessment in North America. The class instrumentation and remote two-way communications, deliver-
WRA100 is an ideal drop-in replacement for old and unreliable data- ing bankable wind resource assessment data in a turn-key package.

Benefits and Features


Ideal as a drop-in replacement for legacy designed wind towers Supports a wide range of data retrieval options including Mod-
Includes a Campbell Scientific CR800 Measurement and bus, DNP3, email, FTP, HTTP API, LoggerNet
Control Datalogger Easy to install, commission, and maintain
Supports any sensor type, including first class instrumentation ◦Turn-key package including datalogger, communications,
Supports two-way communications and real-time data viewing and power
◦Datalogger is preconfigured so no coding necessary

specs, questions, & quotes: 435.227.9030


www.campbellsci.com
6
SYSTEMS

SWP100
Small-Wind-Turbine Performance Monitoring System

Reliable and Accurate


Power monitoring for
wind turbine assessment

Measurements

y Wind Speed y AC Current


y Wind Direction y AC Power
y Barometric Pressure y DC Voltage
y Air Temperature y DC Current
y Relative Humidity y Shaft Speed
y AC Voltage

Overview
Campbell Scientific’s SWP100 monitors the performance of opera- This system features a versatile, rugged datalogger and cutting-edge
tional wind-power projects. It is designed, built, and configured by software. It can be customized to measure the factors needed for any
Campbell Scientific experts, with the user supplying the sensors. wind-power project.

Benefits and Features


System configurations available that make measurements in Reduces installation and startup time by using a preprogrammed
conformance with IEC 61400-12-1 datalogger, preconfigured peripherals, and premounted equipment
Provides a modular, programmable, and customizable system Provides a battery backup system that allows data collection dur-
Contains a preprogrammed Campbell Scientific CR1000 datalogger ing power outages and network failures
Includes a 14-in. by 16-in. environmental enclosure with cable Enables real-time performance data to be shared via an internet
entry seals that provide a water tight seal browser when optional communications and RTMC Web Server
software is used

Campbell Scientific, Inc. | 815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | (435) 227-9000 | www.campbellsci.com © 2012
Campbell Scientific, Inc.
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | CHINA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN April 30, 2014

More info: 435.227.9030


www.campbellsci.com/swp100
7
COMPONENTS

ZEPHIR300
Remote Sensing Wind Measurement Lidar

Proven Extreme
Operation
Industry-recognized validations

Overview
The ZephIR300 is a continuous-wave (CW) lidar system that pro- The ZephIR300 has been used worldwide for site assessment,
vides remote wind measurements across ten user-defined heights prospecting, and turbine micrositing; extreme flow conditions;
from 10 m to 300 m. It is ideal for applications that require wind power-curve assessment; permanent wind-farm anemometry;
measurements at multiple heights, and for locations where the and complex site analysis.
installation of a tall tower is difficult.

Benefits and Features


Remote wind profiling across 10 user-defined heights Proven extreme operation from -40° to +50°C across 450 lidar
from 10 m to 300 m deployments globally
Accurate measurements at the heights that count Measures 50 data points every second across a full 360-degree
IP67-rated enclosure sealed against moisture and ingress scan providing the high sample rate advantageous in complex
and fast changing air flows

questions & quotes: 435.227.9030


campbellsci.com/ zephir-lidar
8
Emailed Data Emailed Data Emailed Data
or Collection via or Collection via or Collection via
Waltz Software Waltz Software Loggernet Software

Internal GSM Iridium Radio, Cell


Modem Backpack Modem, Etc

Features Benefits SCADA SCADA


System System

Campbell Scientific dataloggers can read data from the ZephIR 300 Operational Wind Farms Campbell
Datalogger

while simultaneously measuring tower instrumentation. Datalogger- Using a ZephIR 300 with Permanent Met Towers on Operational
to-ZephIR 300 communication can be accomplished via a wired Wind Farms offers the following benefits:
or wireless connection. Pairing a Campbell Scientific datalogger
Integrated remote sensing and tower instrumentation data,
with a ZephIR 300 provides the following powerful features: Radio,

eliminating the Cell Modem, Etc

Customizable data format and collection schemes need for two SCADA

separate data col-


System

Compatibility with industrial protocols such as Modbus and DNP3 Campbell

lection schemes Datalogger

The ability to combine tower and Lidar data in a single data stream
and formats
Access to Campbell Scientific’s datalogger features with maxi-
Correlation of tower/
mum flexibility and reliability
mast and remote
sensing data Emailed Data
or Collection via
Waltz Software
Emailed Data
or Collection via
Waltz Software

System re-usability
Fast to field installation Internal GSM
Modem
Iridium
Backpack

Measurement mobil-
ity with a roving ZephIR SCADA
System

communicating back to Cam


Datal
the met tower
Wind measurements across
the entire rotor diameter
The ZephIR 300 does not
create wind turbulence for
the wind turbine
High resolution site-specific data

Short Mast Methodology for Resource Assessment


Using a ZephIR 300 with a short mast offers the following benefits:
Short masts are easier to get planning permission to install on
site—taller masts can take much longer
The ZephIR 300 stays onsite allowing it to take measurements
instantly at hub height as well as higher heights
ZephIR 300 and short masts are more cost effective for a large
number of sites that will be
deployed only a few years
The ZephIR 300 measures
down to just 10 m, allowing
for the correlation of ZephIR
300’s measurements with the
short mast measurements
The ZephIR 300 may be moved
to several locations giving a
reference to a specific location

Campbell Scientific, Inc. | 815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | (435) 227-9000 | www.campbellsci.com © 2013
Campbell Scientific, Inc.
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | CHINA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN December 3, 2013

9
COMPONENT CATEGORY

WIND ENERGY SENSORS


Sensors for Wind Energy Applications

Rugged, Reliable, and Ready


for any Application

R E L I A B L E

Most meteorological sensors can be measured by our dataloggers, allow- stations include, but are not limited to: wind speed, wind direction, baro-
ing stations to be customized for each site. Typical sensors used on our metric pressure, temperature, relative humidity, and delta temperature.

CUP ANEMOMETERS
Measurement Operating
Signal Type/Output Output Range Calibration
Description Temperature

P2546A-L | IEC Class 1


contact closure IEC 61400-12-1
Performance wind speed 0 to 70 m s-1 -30° to 70°C
(pulse) MEASNET

A100LK-L | IEC Class 1


IEC 61400-12-1
Performance electronic pulse wind speed 0 to 77 m s-1 -30° to 70°C
MEASNET
Great for turbulent terrain

opto-electronic
Thies 4.3150.10.000a | IEC converted to IEC 61400-12-1
wind speed 0.3 to 75 m s-1 -50° to 80°C
Class 1 Performance square wave MEASNET
(pulse)

Thies 4.3150.00.000a | Heated opto-electronic


converted to IEC 61400-12-1
Anemometer with IEC Class 1 square wave
wind speed 0.3 to 75 m s-1 -50° to 80°C
MEASNET
Performance (pulse)

MetOne 011Ea | IEC Class 1 optical chopper IEC 61400-12-1


wind speed 0 to 60 m s-1 -50° to 85°C
Performance (pulse) MEASNET

low level ac sine


#40C | Wind Speed Sensor wave (pulse) wind speed 1 to 96 m s-1 -55° to 60°C --

More info: 435.227.9120


campbellsci.com/wind-energy
10
WIND VANES Measurement Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

020C-L | Reliable
potentiometer (half bridge) wind direction 0° to 360° -50° to 85°C
and accurate

200P | Wind analog potentiometer


wind direction 0° to 360° -55° to 60°C
Direction Sensor (half bridge)

Thies 4.3150.10.212a |
analog potentiometer
First Class, Accurate (half bridge)
wind direction 0° to 360° -50° to 80°C
and Rugged

Thies 4.3150.00.212a |
analog potentiometer
Heated First Class Transmitter (half bridge)
wind direction 0° to 360° -50° to 80°C
Accurate and Rugged

HELICOID & ULTRASONIC ANEMOMETERS


Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

05103-45-L | Alpine Wind Speed


0 to 75 m s-1
Version Wind Monitor, analog potentiometer, ac wind speed and -50° to 70°C
High Performance sine wave direction
Direction
Designed to prevent ice buildup 0° to 360°

Thies 4.382x.xx.xxxa | Wind Speed


RS-485, RS-232, 0 to 75 m s-1
Robust and well suited analog (configurable wind speed and -50° to 70°C
for cold climates direction
for other types) Direction
Heated transducers and arms. 0° to 360°

Wind Speed
Vaisala WMT700a | 0 to 75 m s-1
RS-485, RS-422, RS-232, wind speed and
Heated and Suited for SDI-12 (user programmable) direction -55° to 70°C
Cold Climates Direction
0° to 360°

Wind Speed
0 to 60 m s-1
WINDSONICX-L | High wind speed and
RS-485, RS-232, SDI-12 -35° to 70°C
Quality and Lightweight direction
Direction
0° to 359°

Wind Speed
RM Young 85004a | 0 to 70 m s-1
wind speed and
Heated Ultrasonic for RS-485 direction -50° to 50°C
Extended Cold Weather Use Direction
0° to 360°

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11
ULTRASONIC 3D WIND SENSORS
Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

CSAT3 | 3D Sonic
Anemometer Full Scale Wind:
Best instrument for flux and RS-232, analog, SDM ux, uy, uz, c -50° to 70°C
±65.535 m s-1
other high-level turbulence
research projects

TEMPERATURE & RELATIVE HUMIDITY Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

Temperature
-40° to 70°C
CS215-L | Reliable and temperature
SDI-12 -40° to 70°C
easy to maintain relative humidity
Relative Humidity
0 to 100%

Temperature
-50° to 50°C
083E-L | Accurate temperature
analog voltage -50° to 50°C
and reliable sensor relative humidity
Relative Humidity
0 to 100%

Temperature
-40° to 60°C
HC2S3-L | Accurate temperature
analog voltage -40° to 100°C
and rugged relative humidity
Relative Humidity
0 to 100%

BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SENSORS Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

CS100 (Setra 278) |


Standard Barometer analog voltage barometric pressure 600 to 1100 mbb -40° to 60°C
Reliable and accurate

092-L | Includes Weather-


proof Enclosure analog voltage barometric pressure 600 to 1100 mb -40° to 55°C
Reliable and accurate

VERTICAL WIND SENSORS


Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

27106T-L | Low threshold


precision vertical wind sensor analog voltage vertical wind speed 0 to 40 m s-1 -50° to 50°C

815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com


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12
DELTA TEMPERATURE
Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

43347-L | Highly accurate


RTD for atmospheric stability
analog voltage temperature ±50°C ±50°C
monitoring ±0.1°C accuracy
with NIST calibration

43502-L | Aspirated Shield,


Delta T: < 0.05°C
provides more accurate NA
RMS with like shields
5 to 11 m s-1 -50° to 60°C
measurement

OTHER
Signal Type/Output Measurement Description Output Range Operating Temperature

state dependent,
0871LH1 | Freezing ice detected/
RS-485 ICE =1 -51° to 71°C
Rain Detector no ice detected
NO ICE = 0

LWS-L | Surface Wetness Sensor 250 mV to 1500 mV,


analog voltage dry, frosted, wet millivolt reading -20° to 60°C
Dielectric sensor to determine relates to
presence of water and ice moisture state

CS120 | Visibility Sensor Meteorological


High Performance Visibility RS-232, RS-485 Observable 12 m to 32 km -25° to 60°C
Measurements Range (MOR)

CS135 | LIDAR Ceilometer 5 m to 10 km:


cloud height and
Sensitive, Long Range RS-232, RS-485 Up to four cloud -40° to 60°C
vertical visibility
Cloud Measurement layers reported

CS47X-L | Radar Water


Level Sensor SDI-12 distance 50 mm to 70 m -40° to 80°C
FCC Approved

ZephIR300 | Remote wind speed, wind Up to 10 program-


direction, turbulence mable measurement
Sensing Lidar cellular, Modbus
intensity, wind shear, heights from 10 m
-40° to 50°C
Accurate and reliable wind veer to 300 m

NOTES:
a
Item is special ordered and cabled by Campbell Scientific.
b
The CS100 is available in special ranges of 500 to 1100 and 800 to 1110; contact Campbell Scientific for more information.

© 2014
815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com
April 30, 2014
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | CHINA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN

13
COMPONENT CATEGORY

DATALOGGERS
Also known as Data loggers, Data Recorders, & RTUs

Rugged, Reliable, and Ready


for any Application

R E L I A B L E

Dataloggers are the heart of a data acquisition system. They opening flood gates, turning fans off/on, etc. All our dataloggers
measure sensors at a specific scan rate, process data, store the data, share similar measurement and programming capabilities. Selection
and initiate telecommunications. Our dataloggers also have control of the appropriate datalogger depends mainly on the type, number,
capabilities allowing them to respond to specific site conditions by precision, and speed of measurements required.

MAJOR SPECIFICATIONS Input Analog


Max Scan
Channels Voltage Voltage A/D Bits
Rate
Range Resolution
Analog: 5 SE
CR200X | Smallest Pulse: 2
Low-cost alternative for Switched Excitation: 2 voltage 0 to 2500 mV to 0.6 mV 12 1 Hz
simpler applications Digital: 2 I/O
Continuous Analog Output: 0

Analog: 6 SE or 3 DF
CR800 | Smaller, Simpler Pulse: 2
Research-grade power Switched Excitation: 2 voltage ±5000 mV to 0.33 µV 13 100 Hz
for smaller installations Digital: 4 I/O or 2 RS-232
Continuous Analog Output: 0

Analog: 16 SE or 8 DF
CR1000 | Rugged Versatility Pulse: 2
Multipurpose Monitoring Switched Excitation: 3 voltage ±5000 mV to 0.33 µV 13 100 Hz
and Control Digital: 8 I/O or 4 RS-232
Continuous Analog Output: 0

Analog: 28 SE or 14 DF
CR3000 | Fast, Compact Pulse: 4
Supports complex Switched Excitation:
4 voltage ±5000 mV to 0.33 µV 16 100 Hz
installations, built-in 3 current
keyboard and display Digital: 3 SDM, 8 I/O, or 4 RS-232
Continuous Analog Output: 2

Analog: 28 SE or 14 DF per
CR9000X | Fastest CR9050, CR9051E, or CR9055(E)
Modular, customizable for Pulse: 12 per CR9071
demanding research ±5 w/CR9050 or
Switched Excitation:
applications CR9051E,
10 voltage per CR9060 1.6 μV 16 100 kHz
±50 w/CR9055(E),
Digital: 1 SDM, 8 outputs per
±60 w/CR9058E
CR9060 or 16 I/Os per CR9071
Continuous Analog Output:
6 per CR9060

Campbell Scientific, Inc. | 815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | (435) 227-9000 | www.campbellsci.com © 2013
Campbell Scientific, Inc.
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | CHINA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN August 7, 2013

More info: 435.227.9000


campbellsci.com/dataloggers
14
COMPONENT CATEGORY

TELEMETRY PERIPHERALS
Wireless, remote, hard-wired, or two-way communication

Rugged, Reliable, and Ready


for any Application

R E L I A B L E

Telemetry peripherals support communications between the low the user to access remotely the datalogger’s real-time data,
datalogger and one or more computers. These peripherals al- stored data, and programming.

MAJOR SPECIFICATIONS Communication Rate or


Transmission Distance or Area Current Drain @ 12 Vdc Service Requirements
Throughput

NL115 or NL120 | 20 mA (Ethernet only)


Ethernet Interfaces Worldwide 115.2 kbps
43 mA (Ethernet and
Ethernet access
Connects CR1000 or CR3000 CompactFlash;
NL115 only)
to LAN or Internet via Ethernet

NL201 | Ethernet Interface


50 mA active
Connects dataloggers to Worldwide 115.2 kbps
2 mA forced standby
Ethernet access
LAN or Internet via Ethernet

NL240 | Wi-Fi Wi-Fi hotspot (access


79.2 mA maximum to standard
Network Link Worldwide 115.2 kbps
1.3 mA sleep 802.11b/g/n
Wireless Network Link networks)

RavenXTV | CDMA CDMA coverage at the


Dependent on antenna 50 mA dormant
Cellular Modem used and CDMA coverage
Up to 80 kbps
120 mA receive/transmit
datalogger site and
account at Verizon
for Verizon Networks

RavenXTG | GPRS GPRS coverage at the


Dependent on antenna 104 mA dormant
Cellular Modem used and GPRS coverage
Up to 80 kbps
350 mA transmit/receive
datalogger site and
account at AT&T
for AT&T Networks

COM220 | Phone
Modem 9600 bps
If not available at the
Ideal for sites with 38.4 kbps 12 μA quiescent
Worldwide site, phone lines must
57.6 kbps 30 mA active
telephone access be installed.
115.2 kbps

COM320 | Voice
Phone Modem 9600 bps
If not available at the
Make your datalogger 38.4 kbps 100 μA quiescent
Worldwide site, phone lines must
57.6 kbps 35 mA active
speech capable be installed.
115.2 kbps

More info: 435.227.9000


campbellsci.com/communications
15
MAJOR SPECIFICATIONS Communication Rate or
Transmission Distance or Area Current Drain @ 12 Vdc Service Requirements
Throughput

MD485 | RS-485 1219 m (4000 ft);


1200 bps
CABLE2TP two-twisted
Multidrop Interface 9600 bps
Can increase distance by pair cable must be
19.2 kbps 1.2 mA standby
Connect many using more MD485s or installed between
38.4 kbps, 2 to 7 mA communicating
combining with spread networked datalog-
dataloggers spectrum radios, Ethernet,
57.6 kbps
gers and base.
with a single cable 115.2 kbps
or phone

SRM-5A | Short Haul CE


Dedicated two-twisted
D

Up to 12.2 km (7.6 miles)


T
M
+
X
2.2 mA quiescent; pair cable connects
TTEE

Modem
-
DD

G
- V
depending on data rate Up to 9600 bps
RC
+
10 to 15 mA active one field station
and wire gage
with base.

SRM-5A
(data storage)

RF320 Series with RF500M | RF320-series radio:


Narrowband VHF/UHF Up to 40.2 km (25 miles) 25 mA receive standby
between stations (line- <900 mA (transmit 2 W
Radios with FCC-assigned
of-sight and interference RF power)
frequency and
Radio Modem affects transmission <3000 bps <1200 mA (transmit 5 W
license. Line-of-
length). Repeaters can RF power)
Long-distance be used to increase
sight is required.
option for line-of-sight. RF500M radio modem:
communication < 15 mA (active)

Up to 16 km (10 miles)
with Yagi antennas at Shares frequency with
RF401A & RF411A | ideal conditions; up to other devices. Not
<0.5 mA stand-by allowed to cause
one mile with inexpensive
Spread Spectrum omnidirectional antennas
up to 38.4 kbps 15 mA receiving harmful interference
< 80 mA transmitting to licensed radios.
Radios (line-of-sight obstructions
Line-of-sight is
and interference affects required.
transmission length)

Up to 96 km (60 miles)
assuming ideal condi-
Shares frequency with
RF450 | Spread tions, line-of-sight, and
other devices. Not
appropriate antenna; <7 mA sleep mode;
Spectrum Radio allowed to cause
realistic reliable distance <22 mA idle;
115.2 kbps harmful interference
1 W power supports is ~21 km (13 miles). <76 mA receiving;
to licensed radios.
Antenna type, line-of- <500 mA transmitting
longer distances Line-of-sight is
sight obstructions, and
required.
interference affects
transmission length)

Formal permission to
use the GOES system
TX320 | High Data Rate must be acquired
from NESDIS. Non-
(HDR) version 2 0.5 mA idle
300 bps, U. S. government
Western Hemisphere 15 mA during GPS fix
GOES Satellite 1200 bps agencies and research
2.6 A transmitting
organizations must
Transmitter have a sponsor from
a U.S. government
agency.

Latitude depen-
Must receive formal
dent. From 448
ST-21 | Argos average bytes per
permission from
1.1 mA quiescent Service Argos and pay
Satellite Worldwide day at the equator
375 mA transmitting a fee. The data must
to 1792 average
Transmitter bytes per day at
be used for environ-
mental purposes.
the poles.

IRIDIUM9522B | Needs a SIM card and


Worldwide (including Operating: 333 mA
Satellite Modem and poles, oceans and airways)
19.2 kbps
Standby: 125 mA
must pick a service
provider and pay a fee.
Interface Kitace Kit

© 2013
815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com Campbell Scientific, Inc.
July 2, 2014
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16
SOLUTION

SOLAR ENERGY
Systems for Solar Resource Assessment, Power Performance, and Advanced Monitoring

R E L I A B L E

Campbell Scientific offers automated data-acquisition systems of all sizes. Our engineers work closely with the customer to design
specifically designed for solar monitoring applications. Preconfigured highly customized stations, advanced research and development
systems, designed to meet CAISO standards for solar telemetry, are stations, and custom application programming interfaces (API) for
available for photovoltaic and concentrated solar technology projects data collection.

MAJOR SYSTEMS Measurements


Datalogger Power Communications
Typical Optional
SOLAR800
MET Station for General
Purpose Solar
Resource Assessment Global Horizontal Irradiance
(GHI), Plane-of-Array Irradiance
Measurements (POA), air temperature, wind
relative humidity,
CR800
AC, DC, Modbus, cellular, email,
speed, wind direction, precipita- barometric pressure or Solar DNP3, FTP
tion, solar position

Global Horizontal Irradiance DC current and voltage


SOLAR1000 (GHI), Plane-of-Array Irradiance (string and/or module), Modbus, cellular, email,
(POA), back-of-solar panel visibility, electric field, CR1000, AC, DC, DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, fiber
Operational Met temperature, wind speed, wind CR800
Station for Solar Energy direction, air temperature, relative cloud height, short CR3000 or Solar optic, radio, serial, field
Producing Utilities circuit current, module display, satellite, Wi-Fi
humidity, barometric pressure, soiling, surface moisture
precipitation, solar position

SOLAR200 Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI), Modbus, multidrop, cel-


Plane-of-Array Irradiance (POA), relative humidity, AC, DC,
Solar Monitoring back-of-solar panel temperature, barometric pressure CR200X lular, TCP/IP, fiber optic,
or Solar radio, satellite, Wi-Fi
Station wind speed, wind direction

Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI),


CSP100 Diffuse Horizontal Irradiance Modbus, cellular, email,
Concentrated-Solar- (DIFF), Global Horizontal Irradi- visibility, cloud height, CR1000, AC, DC, or DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, fiber
Technology Monitoring ance (GHI), wind speed, wind spectral irradiance CR3000 Solar optic, radio, serial, field
Package with 2-axis direction, air temperature, relative
humidity, barometric pressure, display, satellite, Wi-Fi
Sun Tracker precipitation, solar position

More info: 435.227.9030


campbellsci.com/solar-energy
17
Measurements
Datalogger Power Communications
Typical Optional

Global Horizontal Irradiance


(GHI), Diffuse Horizontal Ir-
radiance (DIFF), Plane-of-Array
RSR100 Irradiance (POA), Direct Normal Modbus, cellular, email,
Irradiance (DNI), back-of-module string current and CR1000 AC, DC, DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, fiber
Rotating Shadow-band temperature (BOM), solar voltage CR800 or Solar optic, radio, serial, field
Radiometer position/air mass, wind speed, display, satellite, Wi-Fi
wind direction, air temperature,
relative humidity, barometric
pressure, precipitation

SMP100 module current, module voltage, Modbus, cellular, email,


Solar-Module back-of-panel temperature, string current and volt- CR1000 AC, DC, DNP3, FTP, TCP/IP, fiber
Performance short-circuit current, wind speed, age, spectral irradiance CR800 or Solar optic, radio, serial, field
Monitoring System irradiance, solar position display, satellite, Wi-Fi

Custom Systems
At Campbell Scientific, we believe in offering our products in turn- extremely diverse suite of high quality and high value options. We
key measurement solutions as either a standard package built work with our clients on configuring these options into a system
to industry standard such as the Solar1000 or built to our client’s that meets their exact needs.
specification. Our Custom System Integration Services include an

Description
Dataloggers, Sensors, Systems
Our dataloggers can make and record measurements and control electrical devices. They can function as
PLCs or RTUs, and have many channel types, allowing nearly any sensor to be measured on a single unit.
For example, one datalogger can measure strain on the tower, wind speed and other meteorological
conditions, and power output of the turbine, even while controlling peripheral devices.

The dataloggers are extremely versatile and support a large range of functions and measurements
options, allowing our clients to control how the data are measured and recorded.

Data Retrieval, Viewing,


Communications, and Software
The availability of multiple telecommunication and on-site options for retrieving and viewing data or
reporting site conditions also allow our system to be customized to meet our client’s exact needs. De-
vices include: cellular, radio, satellite, serial, Wi-Fi, Ethernet, and fiber optic. Protocols/standards include:
PakBus, Modbus, DNP3, FTP, HTTP, XML, POP3, SMTP, Telnet, NTCIP, NTP, SDI-12, SDM.

Our PC-based support software simplifies the entire data acquisition process, from programming to data
retrieval to network planning to data display. Our software automatically manages data retrieval and
clock syncing from networks or single stations. Robust error-checking ensures data integrity.

Power
Our power supply options are as robust and flexible as our measurement solutions. Remote DC power
options and on-site AC with DC backup power options including UL certification options are available
to support a large range of power demand. Typical power supply options support low to high power
requirements, ranging from 0.1 W to over 100 W.

815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com


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18
AP No. 070: California Wind Energy
CASE STUDY

Wind Farm Monitoring in California

Campbell Scientific dataloggers measure & communicate met and performance data

CalWind Resources owns and op- its goals and manage the power grid,
erates a wind farm in Tehachapi,
Case Study Summary
the California ISO requires renew-
California. The wind farm has been able-energy generating facilities to Application:
in operation for many years, but report secure, real-time weather and Wind Energy
with the new requirement to report power data.
data to the California ISO, CalWind Location:
Resources needed to procure and Typically, a remote intelligent gate- Tehachapi, California, USA
install new measurement and com- way (RIG) serves as the primary Contracting Agencies:
munication equipment. Campbell means for secure communication California ISO (CAISO)
Scientific equipment was chosen between generating facilities and the Products Used:
to be installed on the wind farm in California ISO’s energy management CR800, CR1000, NL200
order to meet the measurement and system (EMS). Contributors:
communication needs. Doug Levitt, CalWind Resources
For the weather data measurements, Jon Powers, CalWind Resources
The California Independent System
a weather station based on a Camp- Ed Bullard, CalWind Resources
Operator (ISO) operates the whole-
sale power system in California, with bell CR800 datalogger was installed Measured Parameters:
the goal of providing higher trans- on a permanent meteorological Wind Speed, Wind Direction,
mission reliability while controlling tower, measuring wind speed and Temperature, Relative Humidity,
direction at two heights, as well as Barometric Pressure, Voltage,
costs. The California ISO acts as a
Megawatts, MegaVARs
key platform to achieve California’s temperature, relative humidity, and
clean-energy goals. In order to meet barometric pressure.
More info: 435.227.9030
campbellsci.com/california-wind-energy
19
A power meter located at a separate with to gather all weather and power DNP3 protocol. The NL200 is used as a
location on the wind farm is used data from the site. secure proxy server to provide secure
to measure voltage, megawatts, DNP3 communications with the Cali-
and megaVARs. Data from both the A CR1000 and NL200 are used fornia ISO. Due to site constraints, a
weather station and power meter are to provide the RIG solution. The wireless IP network was implemented
reported to the RIG, which acts as a CR1000 gathers the data from both using IP radios to accomplish com-
data accumulator and is the device the weather station via the PakBus munications between the RIG, the
that the California ISO communicates protocol and power meter via the weather station, and the power meter.

© 2011
© 2012
815 W 1800 N | Logan, UT 84321-1784 | 435.227.9000 | www.campbellsci.com Campbell Scientific, Inc.
September 7, 2012
USA | AUSTRALIA | BRAZIL | CANADA | COSTA RICA | ENGLAND | FRANCE | GERMANY | SOUTH AFRICA | SPAIN September 7, 2012

SB017
20