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Shear Connectors

Deutsche Kahneisen Gesellschaft mbH

JORDAHL®
Idea and product Advantages
Double shear connectors were developed from the Thanks to their flexurally resistant construction,
idea of developing a solution which is capable of JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors offer a high
ensuring that high shear forces can be transmitted load-bearing capacity. They can only be deformed
between concrete components. Deutsche Kahn- slightly, which means they do not have an explosive
eisen Gesellschaft mbH identified the advantages effect in the concrete. The carefully chosen stainless
of this type of solution early on and launched a cor- steel materials of the JORDAHL® Shear Connectors
responding product in Germany at the end of the guarantee a long service life. Thanks to the high-
1980s under the brand name JORDAHL® Double precision production methods which are used,
Shear Connector (JDSD). Now, double shear con- JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors offer the advan-
nectors have become internationally established as tage of maximum capacity for movement with uni-
a universal solution for transmission of shear forces form force transmission onto both dowels. Friction
across building joints. due to sliding pressure is low thanks to the good
For decades, JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors lubrication between the round dowel and sleeve
have proved themselves as a successful solution. and the uniform load distribution onto two dowels.
The connectors are approved for use by the rele- Installation is simple, yet the system subsequently
vant building regulations authority under the provides reliable and accurate linear guidance or a
number Z-15.7-237, and development and manu- flat support. Maximum safety and reliability are
facturing comply with the requirements of DIN EN combined with unbeatable cost-effectiveness.
ISO 9001 - 2008. The excellent load-bearing beha-
viour has been tested and confirmed by leading ins- Material
titutions in Switzerland, the United Kingdom, All parts of the JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors
Poland and Germany. are always manufactured from non-rusting stain-
less steel. The materials satisfy the requirements
for the Corrosion Resistance Class III or IV in ac-
cordance with the general technical approval
no. Z-30.3-6. This means that further anti-corrosion
protection is unnecessary – even under high levels
of chloride exposure or in the area of seawater or
industrial atmospheres.

Service
Areas of application Object-related consultancy
JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors JDSD can be Cost-effective and cost-aware planning
used in all applications in which high shear forces High-performance software with an intuitive
need to be transmitted across joints in building user interface
structures, e.g.: Preparation of static proofs
concrete slab-to-slab expansion joints Development of special constructions
expansion joints in ceilings
expansion joints between columns or beams
in walls and ceilings
Structural connections can be solved with HED indi-
vidual connectors.

JORDAHL® Double Shear Connector JDSD JORDAHL® Double Shear Connector JDSDQ

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Contents
Introduction 4

Approved double shear connectors 6

JDSD 6

JDSDQ 6

Technical data 7

Calculation 8

JORDAHL® Fire Protection Collars JBRM 12

Assembly 13

JDSD software 14

Non-approved single shear connectors 20

HED-S 20

HED-P 20

Technical data 21

Calculation of single shear connectors


in reinforced concrete 22

Application examples and reference projects 24

© Deutsche Kahneisen Gesellschaft mbH Deutsche Kahneisen Gesellschaft mbH


All rights reserved. Subject to changes implemented Nobelstraße 51
as part of our ongoing product and application development. 12057 Berlin
JORDAHL®

3
JORDAHL Shear Connectors ®

Introduction
JORDAHL® Shear connectors for safe and reliable transmission of
high shear forces between concrete components
Double shear connectors were developed from the internationally established as a universal solution
idea of being able to ensure the transmission of for transmission of shear forces across building
high shear forces between concrete components. joints. JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors can be
Deutsche Kahneisen Gesellschaft mbH identified used in any application in which high shear forces
the advantages of this type of solution early on and need to be transmitted across joints in building
already launched a corresponding product in structures, such as expansion joints in concrete
Germany at the end of the 1980s under the brand slabs, ceilings and walls, in expansion joints bet-
name JORDAHL® Double Shear Connector (JDSD). ween columns and walls or beams and ceilings.
Now, double shear connectors have become

Conventional joint Joints with Double Shear Connectors JDSD

Ceiling with expansion joint and individual connector Expansion joint in a ceiling with JDSD

6 individual connectors Just one JDSD could replace these individual connectors

Double support At least one of the support columns can be omitted in this
construction

Ceiling support with corbel Ceiling support, corbel can be omitted

Foundation slab with individual connector Expansion joint in a foundation with JDSD

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Thanks to their flexurally resistant construction, Low friction due to sliding pressure between
JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors offer a high dowels and sliding tubes
load-bearing capacity: They can only be deformed Easy, quick and accurate installation
slightly, which means they do not have an More cost-effective thanks to the increased
explosive effect in the concrete. The use of load-bearing capacity, as fewer connectors are
selected stainless steel materials ensures a long required per running metre or in relation to the
service life and excellent resistance to corrosion. shear force which needs to be transmitted

JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors have proved Advantages during installation


themselves in applications which go back decades When you use JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors,
and have been approved for use by the relevant you can forget about the need for formwork for
building regulations authority (approval no. complex corbels, toothed joints, double columns
Z-15.7-37). Development and production etc. The head plate of the sleeve enables fast and
comply with the requirements of DIN EN accurate installation. Simply nailing the sleeve to
ISO 9001:2008. The excellent load-bearing the formwork ensures that the connector can be
behaviour has been tested and confirmed by inserted with a perfectly accurate fit afterwards.
leading institutions in Switzerland, the United The tear-proof film protects the sleeve against the
Kingdom and Germany. ingress of concrete.

Advantages Material
High load-bearing capacity thanks to the All parts of the JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors
flexurally resistant construction are always manufactured from non-rusting stainless
No explosive effect in the concrete steel. The materials satisfy the requirements for the
Optimised pressure distribution thanks to the Corrosion Resistance Class III or IV in accordance
integrated transverse dowels with the general technical approval no. Z-30.3-6.
High-strength, corrosion-resistant material This means that further anti-corrosion protection is
(1.4462 and 1.4571) unnecessary – even under high levels of chloride
Great capacity for movement exposure or in the area of seawater or industrial
Approved for large gap widths of up to 60 mm atmospheres.
Uniform transmission of forces

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JORDAHL Shear Connectors®

JDSD JDSDQ
JORDAHL Double Shear Connector
®
JORDAHL® Double Shear Connector
JDSD for movements in longitudinal JDSDQ for movements in longitudinal
direction and transverse direction

The Double Shear Connector JDSD is a two-part The Double Shear Connector JDSDQ combines all of
shear force connector which comprises the dowel the advantages of the Double Shear Connector
element and the sleeve (sliding tube). In order to JDSD. In addition, the sliding tubes are guided in
allow expansion in the component, the pair of rectangular tubes which permit movement in a
dowels can move in a longitudinal direction in the transverse direction. In addition to the movements
sleeve. This type of shear connector is available in a in the longitudinal direction of the dowels, this
range of standard sizes. It can absorb design resis- allows transverse displacement and twisting. This
tances of up to 996.5 kN and is suitable for use type of shear connector is available in a range of
with gap openings of up to 60 mm. standard sizes. It can absorb design resistances of
up to 896.8 kN and is suitable for use with gap
Application openings of up to 60 mm.
The JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors JDSD are
preferably used in expansion joints between Application
large-sized slabs. They provide a positive-fit The JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors JDSDQ are
between shear walls, buttress walls, abutments often used on concrete slabs in the areas of corners
and angled walls. and cutouts. As well as needing to transmit shear
forces, connections in these areas also need to per-
mit movements in two directions.
Sealing cap
Force transmission plate Rectangular tube with
Transverse displace- sliding tube
ment and rotation
Sliding tube
Flexurally resistant Dowel element
connecting web

Transverse
dowels
Dowels
Head plate with
holes for nails
Longitudinal (attachment plate)
movement
Longitudinal movement

Double Shear Connector JDSDQ


enables twisting
Elongation

Elongation

Elongation Elongation Elongation Elongation


Double Shear Connector JDSD permits movements in one direction Double Shear Connector JDSDQ permits movements in two directions

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Technical data
Dowel element Sleeve (sliding tube) JDSD Sleeve (rectangular tube) JDSDQ

Z1 Z2 Z3

ad

le
lH2 lH3
lD

Maximum
transverse
displacement

lq1 lq1

lq2 lq2 lq3

Size Dowel element [mm]


Dowel diameter Overall Distance between Max. slide-in Location of the Transverse
JDSD
length dowel axes distance transverse dowel dowel length
JDSDQ
D lD ad le Z1 lq1/lq2
20 HF 1) 14 250 40 120 31 50/110
25 HF 16 260 48 120 31 50/110
30 HF 18 280 50 130 31 50/130
45 HF 20 300 65 150 31 50/130
60 HF 22 340 75 150 33 50/150
90 HF 24 360 90 180 33 60/160
120 HF 30 400 100 210 34 80/170
130 35 470 105 260 34 80/170
150 42 550 120 270 34 80/210
400 52 660 160 330 70 130/300
450 65 690 180 360 80 130/300

Sleeve (sliding tube) JDSD [mm] Sleeve (rectangular tube) JDSDQ [mm]
For dowel
element Location of Max.
Sleeve length Location of the Transverse Sleeve length Transverse
JDSD the transverse transverse
transverse dowel dowel length dowel length
JDSDQ dowel displacement
lH2 Z2 lq1/lq2 lH3 lq3
Z3 y
20 HF 1) 120 28 50/110 – – – –
25 HF 120 28 50/110 140 53 70 ± 13
30 HF 135 28 50/130 160 53 70 ± 12
45 HF 155 29 50/130 175 53 70 ± 11
60 HF 155 31 50/150 175 56 120 ± 10
90 HF 185 33 60/160 200 58 160 ± 11
120 HF 210 36 80/170 235 58 170 ± 20
130 265 36 80/170 275 59 170 ± 18
150 275 41 80/210 305 54 170 ± 10
400 335 70 130/300 350 64 300 ± 13
450 370 80 130/300 400 89 300 ± 27

1)
The type 20 HF is only available in the form of the JDSD 20 HF shear connector, which only permits longitudinal displacement.

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JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Calculation
Steel load-bearing capacity

The process for selecting the correct double shear VRd, S


connector for the required load is straightforward. Design resistance of the steel load-bearing capa-
The required reinforcement for a given load is city taking friction forces in longitudinal direction
shown in approval Z - 15.7 - 237 together with the (fμ = 0.9) or longitudinal and transverse directions
corresponding design resistances. A summary is (fμ 2 = 0.81) into account.
provided on this page and the following pages.
VRd, C
You can select a connector from these tables Design resistance of the concrete load-bearing
without the need for further proof. The maximum capacity without consideration of the additional
design resistance for VRd, S and VRd, C must not be reinforcement.
exceeded if the reinforcement is arranged in
accordance with the approval. Our software (see
page 14) can help you to calculate the best connec-
tor dimensions. With the aid of this software you
can calculate the right double shear connector for VRd, ce
the local reinforcement conditions on the basis of Design resistance against concrete edge fracture
the approval. (according to approval)

The decisive resistance for the calculations is the VRd, ct


smallest of the design resistances from the steel Design resistance against punching shear
load-bearing capacity and the concrete load-bea- (according to approval)
ring capacity:

Design resistance of the steel load-bearing capacity VRd, S [kN] taking friction forces in
Size
longitudinal or transverse direction (fμ = 0.9) into account
JDSD Gap / joint width f [mm]
JDSDQ ≤ 20 ≤ 30 ≤ 40 ≤ 50 ≤ 60
20 HF 51.6 34.4 25.8 20.7 17.2
25 HF 75.4 51.4 38.5 30.8 25.7
30 HF 103.2 73.2 54.9 43.9 36.6
45 HF 135.1 100.4 75.3 60.2 50.2
60 HF 171.2 132.9 100.2 80.2 66.8
90 HF 211.3 169.5 130.1 104.1 86.7
120 HF 356.3 304.1 251.8 203.2 169.4
130 260.0 228.6 197.3 165.9 138.4
150 389.4 351.8 314.2 276.5 238.9
400 619.1 572.5 525.9 479.4 432.8
450 996.5 938.2 880.0 821.8 763.5

Design resistance of the steel load-bearing capacity VRd. S [kN] taking friction forces in
Size
longitudinal and transverse directions (fμ 2 = 0.81) into account
Gap / joint width f [mm]
JDSDQ
≤ 20 ≤ 30 ≤ 40 ≤ 50 ≤ 60
25 HF 67.8 46.2 34.7 27.7 23.1
30 HF 92.9 65.8 49.4 39.5 32.9
45 HF 121.6 90.3 67.7 54.2 45.2
60 HF 154.1 119.6 90.2 72.1 60.1
90 HF 190.2 152.6 117.1 93.7 78.0
120 HF 320.7 273.7 226.7 182.9 152.4
130 234.0 205.8 177.5 149.3 124.5
150 350.5 316.6 282.7 248.9 215.0
400 557.2 515.3 473.3 431.4 389.5
450 896.8 844.4 792.0 739.6 687.2

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Minimum distances

Gap / joint width f


The maximum post-installation distance between Axis distance e
the components which are to be connected. At the indicated axis distance the double shear
connectors do not influence each other, and their
load-bearing behaviour is the same as for separa-
h/2
tely installed connectors. This distance may be
hmin
reduced, but this is subject to additional proof.
h/2

Note: In order to realise a linear support, we recom-


mend that an axis distance between connectors of
Distance to edge Distance between axes 5h is not exceeded.
ar ae
Edge distance ar
The edge distance ar stated in the table below must
not be exceeded.

Ic = clearance for determining the critical


circular section
hmin = minimum component thickness
e = axis distance between the shear connectors
dm = mean useful height
emin = minimum distance between connectors
ar = minimum edge distance

Minimum distances
Distance dimension Minimum component Required distance Minimum distance Minimum edge
thickness between axes 1) between connectors distance
JDSD
at hmin at hmin
JDSDQ
lc hmin e = 3 .0 × dm+ lc emin = 1 .5 × hmin ar = 0 .75 × hmin
[cm] [cm] [cm] [cm] [cm]
20 HF 2) 6 16 > 43.5 24 12
25 HF 6 16 (17) 3) > 43.5 24 (25.5) 3) 12
30 HF 6.5 18 > 49.5 27 13.5 (12) 4)
45 HF 6.5 20 > 55.5 30 15 (12) 4)
60 HF 6.5 24 > 66.5 36 18 (12) 4)
90 HF 8.5 24 > 68.5 36 18 (12) 4)
120 HF 10 28 > 82 42 21 (15) 4)
130 10 35 > 103 52.5 26.25 (15) 4)
150 10 45 > 132 67.5 33.75 (15) 4)
400 16 60 > 177 90 45 (23) 4)
450 16 65 > 196 97.5 48.75 (23) 4)
1)
Minimum distance between connectors without any mutual influence between the individual connectors, with minimum permissible
concrete cover and reinforcement in accordance with attachments 7 and 8 of the approval
2)
Not available as JDSDQ
3)
Applies to JDSDQ
4)
Minimum edge distance for columns

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JORDAHL Shear Connectors ®

Concrete load-bearing capacity

The table below contains the design resistances if different reinforcement is used in the
for the concrete load-bearing capacity for JDSD punching taper
Shear Connectors for a longitudinal or transverse if the stated distance e between axes is
displacement. If the component thickness and the not attained
indicated reinforcement (see page 11) are satis- if larger slab thicknesses are used
fied then no separate proof of concrete load-
bearing capacity is required. Our JDSD calculation software is available for cal-
culating other load scenarios, such as a combina-
Proof of concrete load-bearing capacity needs to tion of longitudinal and transverse displacement.
be provided in the following cases:

Design resistances for the concrete load-bearing capacity VRd,c [kN] for gap/joint widths ≤ 20 mm 1) taking
approval- compliant reinforcement into account 2)
Component Concrete quality
JDSD
thickness h
JDSDQ 3) C20/25 C25/30 C30/37 C35/45 C40/50 C45/55 C50/60
[mm]
≥ 160 30.5 34.4 37.7 41.1 44.0 46.8 49.5
≥ 180 44.8 50.5 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
20 HF 4)
≥ 200 49.0 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
≥ 220 51.6 51,6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6 51.6
≥ 160 31.3 35.4 38.8 42.3 45.4 48.4 51.2
25 HF ≥ 180 45.8 51.7 56.8 61.9 66.4 69.2 71.7
≥ 200 63.1 71.2 75,4 75.4 75.4 75.4 75.4
≥ 180 45.2 51.0 56.0 61.0 65.4 69.5 72.0
30 HF ≥ 200 62.4 70.3 77.2 84.2 90.3 96.1 101.7
≥ 220 82.4 92.8 101.9 103.2 103.2 103.2 103.2
≥ 200 51.5 58.4 64.2 70.3 75.5 80.6 84.6
45 HF ≥ 220 69.7 78.9 86.8 95.0 102.0 108.8 114.3
≥ 240 119.8 130.0 135.1 135.1 135.1 135.1 135.1
≥ 240 121.7 137.9 149.5 157.3 164.5 171.1 171.2
60 HF ≥ 260 131.3 148.6 163.4 171.2 171.2 171.2 171.2
≥ 280 140.0 158.7 171.2 171.2 171.2 171.2 171.2
≥ 260 127.6 144.5 158.9 173.9 183.7 191.1 197.9
≥ 280 136.9 155.3 170.9 187.4 200.7 208.7 211.3
90 HF ≥ 300 145.8 165.7 182.3 200.2 211.3 211.3 211.3
≥ 320 148.3 168.5 185.5 203.9 211.3 211.3 211.3
≥ 340 190.7 211.3 211.3 211.3 211.3 211.3 211.3
≥ 280 133.9 152.0 167.2 183.4 196.4 204.3 211.6
≥ 300 169.1 182.2 193.6 203.8 213.1 221.6 229.5
120 HF
≥ 320 172.4 195.6 208.9 219.9 229.9 239.1 247.7
≥ 340 187.4 211.4 232.2 253.2 271.7 289.3 306.3
≥ 350 194.5 219.7 241.5 260.0 260.0 260.0 260.0
130
≥ 400 260.0 260.0 260.0 260.0 260.0 260.0 260.0
≥ 450 309.9 352.2 387.7 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4
150 ≥ 500 343.7 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4
≥ 550 376.3 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4 389.4
≥ 600 525.5 598.6 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1
400 ≥ 700 607.8 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1
≥ 800 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1 619.1
≥ 650 579.6 661.8 729.6 777.3 812.7 845.2 875.4
450 ≥ 800 700.1 802.7 885.9 981.6 996.5 996.5 996.5
≥ 950 815.9 938.2 996.5 996.5 995.5 996.5 996.5
1)
In the case of the values shown with a blue background, the design resistance of the steel load-bearing capacity (gap/joint width ≤ 20 mm)
is attained in longitudinal or transverse direction taking friction forces into account
2)
The indicated values only apply in conjunction with the matching reinforcement shown on page 11.
3)
When using the JDSDQ connector, the design resistance for the concrete load-bearing capacity (see table) must be multiplied by the factor
μ = 0,9 to be on the safe side for the combination of longitudinal and transverse displacement. Our calculation software is also available
for calculating the best possible shear connector for any application (see page 12).
4)
The type 20 HF is only available in the form of the JDSD 20 HF shear connector, which only permits longitudinal displacement.

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On-site reinforcement with JDSD and JDSDQ connectors

Com- On-site reinforcement h [mm] Distances between reinforcements [mm]


JDSD ponent
Asx Asy Pos.1
JDSDQ thickness Asx1 Asx2 Asy1 Asy2 Pos. 1
h [mm] lc a1 a1– an+1 b1– bn+1 bStirrup
≥ 160 4 ø 10 2 ∅ 10 2 ∅ 10 1∅6 60 30 – 50 120
20 HF 4) ≥ 180 –
4 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 1∅6 60 32 – 50 120
≥ 200
≥ 160 4 ∅ 10 – 2 ∅ 10 2 ∅ 10 1∅6 60 30 – 50 120
25 HF ≥ 180 4 ∅ 12 – 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 1∅6 60 32 – 50 120
≥ 200 4 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 1∅6 60 34 50 50 120
≥ 180 4 ∅ 12 – 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 1∅8 65 32 – 50 140
30 HF ≥ 200 4 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 1∅8 65 34 50 50 140
≥ 220 4 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 4 ∅ 16 1∅8 65 36 50 50 140
≥ 200 4 ∅ 12 – 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 1∅8 65 32 – 50 160
45 HF ≥ 220 4 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 1∅8 65 34 50 50 160
≥ 240 6 ∅ 16 4 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 4 ∅ 16 1∅8 65 36 50 50 160
≥ 240
60 HF ≥ 260 6 ∅ 16 6 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 6 ∅ 16 1∅8 65 36 50 50 180
≥ 280
≥ 260
≥ 280
6 ∅ 16 6 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 6 ∅ 16 1∅8 85 36 50 50 180
90 HF ≥ 300
≥ 320
≥ 340 6 ∅ 20 4 ∅ 20 2 ∅ 20 6 ∅ 20 1∅8 70 50 50 50 180
≥ 280
≥ 300 8 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 2 ∅ 16 6 ∅ 16 1 ∅ 10 100 36 50 50 180
120 HF
≥ 320
≥ 340 6 ∅ 20 6 ∅ 20 2 ∅ 20 6 ∅ 20 1 ∅ 10 100 50 50 50 180
≥ 350 6 ∅ 20
130 4 ∅ 20 2 ∅ 20 6 ∅ 20 1 ∅ 12 100 50 50 50 200
≥ 400 8 ∅ 20
≥ 450
150 ≥ 500 8 ∅ 20 8 ∅ 20 2 ∅ 20 8 ∅ 20 1 ∅ 12 100 50 50 50 250
≥ 550
≥ 600
400 ≥ 700 8 ∅ 25 8 ∅ 25 2 ∅ 25 8 ∅ 25 1 ∅ 12 160 50 50 50 320
≥ 800
≥ 650
450 ≥ 800 8 ∅ 25 10 ∅ 25 2 ∅ 25 8 ∅ 25 1 ∅ 12 160 50 50 50 320
≥ 950
4)
Thet ype 20 HF is only available in the form of the JDSD 20 HF shear connector, which only permits longitudinal displacement.

Pos.:
Asx1 = Stirrups on both sides as vertical mounting Asx2
reinforcement
Asx2 = Stirrups on both sides in the punching Asy2
shear area
Asy1 = Horizontal reinforcement parallel to the edge Asy1
Asx1
Asy2 = Horizontal reinforcement top and bottom

Asx2

lc
a1
bn + 1 a2
b2 bbügel a3
a4
b1 a5
an + 1

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JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Fire Protection Collars JBRM


JORDAHL® Shear Connectors with Fire Protection Col- The collars are available in thicknesses of 20 mm
lars must be installed in applications in which spe- and 30 mm:
cial fire safety requirements are placed on compo- JBRM 20 for gaps up to 20 mm
nents in accordance with DIN 4102 part 2. The clas- JBRM 30 for gaps up to 30 mm
sification F 90 can only be attained if the unpro- A combination of the fire protection collars can be
tected steel connector is jacketed with a fire protec- used on larger gap widths
tion collar in the gap.
A free space of ≥ 10 mm is permissible in the state
of maximum expansion.
The JORDAHL® Fire Protection Collar is made of a
material which foams up when exposed to fire and
completely seals off the gap in the process.
On-site gap insulation

Fire protection collar

Fire Protection Collar JBRM with JORDAHL® Double Shear


Connector JDSD
≤ 10 20 or 30

Height Height

Width Width

Ordering example
Double Shear Connector Double Shear Connector JORDAHL® Fire Protection Collar for the JORDAHL®
JDSD JDSDQ
Double Shear Connector JDSD 25HF
Connector Width/height Connector Width/height
type [mm] type [mm] Connector Connector Fire protection Joint/gap
type size collar width [mm]
20 HF 25 HF
120/150 JDSD 25 HF JBRM 20
25 HF 110/150 30 HF
30 HF 45 HF 120/165
45 HF 110/165 60 HF 130/180
60 HF 110/180 90 HF 140/195
90 HF 110/195 120 HF 150/210
120 HF 110/210 130 150/220
130 120/220 150 150/245
150 130/245 400 200/295
400 150/295 450 200/325
450 150/325

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Assembly
Assembly is quick and totally accurate: 4. The joint material is applied. When using fire
1. The sleeves of the shear connectors are nailed protection collars (see page 12) a correspond-
into the formwork in accordance with the rein- ing cutout needs to be cut into the joint mate-
forcement drawing and the required axis and rial for the fire protection collar.
edge distances. Here, it is important to check 5. The dowel element of the Double Shear Connec-
that the sleeves are correctly oriented in relation tor JDSD or JDSDQ is pushed through the joint
to the direction in which the force is applied. material into the sleeve. The clamping pressure
point in the sliding tube prevents any movement
Note: The sticker must not be removed. of the dowel during concreting. This has no influ-
It prevents the ingress of concrete. ence on subsequent movement of the joint.
2. The necessary connection reinforcement bars 6. The necessary connection reinforcement bars
for the construction section are installed and for the second construction section are
then concreted in accordance with the rein- installed and then concreted in accordance
forcement drawing. with the reinforcement drawing.
3. After stripping the formwork, the sticker is
removed or punched through.

1 2 3

4 5 6

We recommend the following for the installation Installation is performed according to the same
of double shear connectors in filigree floors: principles already discussed above.
Insertion of structural mounting reinforcement in
the filigree floor (dimensioned for VEd / 3 ≤ VRd / 3)
The thickness of the site-placed concrete must
be greater than the minimum component thick-
≥ hort/2
ness hmin minus 1 cm for the chosen dowel.
The dimension hs-p conc/2 between the shear hort ≥ hmin –1cm
connector axis and the upper edge of the site-
placed concrete must be half of the thickness of
the site-placed concrete and half of the mini- On-site reinforcement
mum component thickness. Structural mounting reinforcement
The reinforcement Asy can also be positioned hs-p conc = height of the site- Asy
outside the filigree floor if the thickness of the placed concrete
site-placed concrete is sufficient.
The reinforcement provided on-site (Asx and Asy
above) must be arranged in accordance with the
approval and/or calculation software.

13
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Software
JDSD software Row of connectors for slab-to-slab connection and
The intuitive and user-friendly software from Row of connectors for slab-to-wall connection
JORDAHL® will help you to determine the optimum For connection of a slab to another slab or to a wall
Double Shear Connector JDSD. These calculations are with more than one double shear connector
based on the general technical approval
no. Z - 15.7 - 237. For a longitudinal or transverse Determination of the reinforcement
direction of movement the calculations are per- Standard reinforcement
formed with JDSD connectors, while the JDSDQ The software always suggests the standard
connectors are used for scenarios combining reinforcement for the approval at which no further
longitudinal and transverse movements. proof is necessary under the reduced loads.

Advantages Optimum reinforcement


The most cost-effective solution is displayed first The minimum reinforcement required for the
Straightforward changes to the reinforcement corresponding action is calculated and suggested.
Quick and clear input of actions The calculations are performed according to the
(e.g. irregular line loads) formulae of the approval (attachments 9, 10
All entries are displayed on a single page and 11).
Simple entry and structuring of projects
The result is a verifiable structural calculation Calculation parameters
Concrete quality Choice between C 20 / 25 and
Project administration C 50 / 60
Individual items and data can be entered and saved Fire resistance duration Fire protection collars are
in the project administration. This means that a sepa- available for fire resistance class F90 for the double
rate file can be created for each project containing shear connectors.
the individual items of the building project, which Gap width The gap width can be chosen between
can then be reworked as required. 20 mm and 60 mm
Slab thickness and/or wall thickness Entry of the
Function minimum slab and/or wall thickness
Application scenariose Top and bottom concrete cover
Gap length and/or length of the beam or
Individual double shear connector the width of the column
For calculation of an individual double shear Constant spacing between connectors
connector, e.g. in a ceiling joist

Pair of connectors for slab-to-slab connection and


Pair of connectors for slab-to-wall connection
For the calculation of a ceiling joist or a beam with
two double shear connectors

14
Load parameters
The “load“ as the design value for the action is
entered in different ways for the different application
scenarios:

Individual double shear connector


Load as a point load VEd, P in kN

Pair of connectors Calculation option, maximum distance


The load as a design value qEd in kN/m: between connectors
For the calculation of the double shear connectors,
the user can choose in the menu bar or in the tree
Constant line load view under Options/Calculation between 3 different
(constant transverse force load) calculation approaches which define the maximum
distance between the double shear connectors.
Straight-edged line load
(Transverse force load with different After the user selects the Options/Calculation menu
starting and end loads) the following window is displayed:

Row of connectors
Constant line load (constant transverse force load)
Straight-edged line load (transverse force load with
different starting and end loads)
Arbitrary line load
(A separate window will pop up in which an arbi-
trary line load is entered by specifying the rele-
vant coordinates and the relevant load value.)
An additional calculator function is available to
help with entering the design value of the point Unlimited (basic setting)
load and the design value for the starting point and Calculation of the connector spacing beyond the
end point of the line load. The entries in the calcu- limit of 5 × slab thicknesses – this ensures opti-
lator cannot be printed out. mum utilisation of the double shear connectors
and minimizes the number of connectors. As a
result, the spacing between the connectors may get
very large. A message box will therefore pop up.

“5 × slab thicknesses – identical load on


all connectors“
If the distance is exceeded, the feasibility should
be examined (e.g. the problem of slab bending),
and if necessary additional reinforcement should
be positioned at the edge of the slab.

“5 × slab thicknesses – insertion of structural


connectors“
If the calculated distance between two shear
connectors exceeds 5 × slab thicknesses. The cal-
culations are performed in the same way as for the
“Unlimited“ option.

15
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Calculation Plan view onto the reinforcement:


After all of the required calculation parameters have Calculated reinforcement positions with the
been entered the calculation can be started. All of corresponding distances between the positions
the connector types which would be suitable for use Asy1, Asy2 and position 1
in this application scenario are marked with a green
tick. The most cost-effective connector is high- Cross-section of the reinforcement:
lighted. The selection window shows the number of Calculated reinforcement positions with the
connectors and the degree of utilisation of corresponding distances between the positions
the proofs: Asy1, Asy2 and position 1
Steel load-bearing capacity nS
Punching shear ct Connector arrangement:
Concrete edge fracture ce Chosen double shear connectors with the
calculated distances between axes

By clicking in the window you can copy each of the


views as a drawing to the clipboard, save it as a file
(*.emf, *. bmp, *.jpg) or display it as a full-size
image. It is also possible to run a DXF export of the
reinforcement or the connector (see page 18).

Manual changes to the reinforcement


After the calculations, the user can click on the
“BSt“ button to make manual changes to the rein-
forcement. A separate window will then open up in
which the individual positions / items of the rein-
forcement can be individually adjusted. All proofs
are calculated in the background during entry of the
manual reinforcement. The current degree of utili-
sation of the chosen double shear connector can be
seen in the viewing window. The requirements
placed on the reinforcement according to the
approval must be satisfied when manual changes
are made to the reinforcement. If the entries do not
satisfy the approval conditions a separate message
box will pop up.

Connectors which are not suitable for use in this


case are marked with a red cross. The reason is
indicated in the “Comments“ column. If the user
clicks on a connector type, the corresponding rein-
forcement diagram and / or connector arrangement
will appear in the window above. With the aid of the
following buttons the user can change between the
3 different reinforcement views and the connector
arrangement view:

Edge and mounting reinforcement:


Calculated reinforcement diameter and arrange-
ment of the positions Asx1 and position Asx2

16
Most cost-effective connector
If, after the calculations have been performed, the Required reinforcement cross-sections Asx, Asy
user has a choice between several connectors then and position 1
the “Most cost-effective connector“ button can be Design resistances of the chosen double
used to display the most cost-effective connector in shear connector
a separate window. This suggestion is based on the Connector utilisation/degree of utilisation of
best cost/performance ratio for the available dou- the load-bearing capacities
ble shear connectors.
The reinforcement drawings, an overview of the
Printout of the results additional reinforcements and a graphic of the con-
The results preview is laid out as a statics sheet nector layout are provided as an attachment. If the
and contains the following: load is entered as an arbitrary line load then the
Entry data load coordinates are stated separately. For greater
Load joint/gap lengths the connector arrangement is
Type and quantity of the chosen double also indicated with coordinates. The results preview
shear connector can be printed out in full.
Required and present edge and axis distances
Degree of reinforcement

17
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Data export
The first page (statics sheet) can be exported in the inactive are not copied to the invitation to tender
file formats *.emf, *.bmp, *.jpg or *.txt. The reinfor- form or the parts list.
cement shown on the second page can be exported
in *.DXF format or via the clipboard. The individual
illustrations can also be copied via the clipboard.

Requirements list, invitation to tender form


and parts list The lists and forms can be exported in different for-
The JDSD software allows users to generate and mats (*.emf, *.bmp, *.jpg, *.txt) or copied to the
manage a requirements list for selected double clipboard.
shear connector items in a building project. The
individual items can be added to this requirements DXF export of the connector and reinforcement
list and listed in a separate display window. The drawings
individual items can be added to the requirements The following reinforcement views can be exported
list or displayed via the tree view or via the menu to *.DXF format for the calculated and selected
bar. A separate window can be opened via the double shear connectors:
menu “Display requirements list“ showing a list of Edge and mounting reinforcement
all items which can be displayed as an invitation to Plan view of the reinforcement
tender form or as a parts list. By disabling the Cross-section of the reinforcement
“Active“ function in the “Requirements list“ window All 3 views under DXF Export – Reinforcement
it is possible to deactivate items without removing
them from the list. Items which have been set to The connector views can be exported in DXF format.
This can be done via “Results/Export Results“ (in
the menu bar) or by clicking with the mouse in the
viewing window. A preview of the export of the rein-
forcement can be displayed by selecting “Export –
Reinforcement“.

18
Project administration DWG download
The project administration can be found in the The JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors JDSD/
menu bar. Projects which have already been saved JDSDQ are available for download as a view / cross-
can be opened from the project administration, or section / plan view in DWG format from the CAD
an individual item can be transferred to the library at: www.jordahl.de / service / CAD-Bibliothek
new project.
Help / Catalogue / Approval
The menu item “Help“ contains a description of the
program, a guide for using the program, the current
JORDAHL® shear connector catalogue and the
approval no. Z-15.7-237.

Invitation to tender forms Deutsche Kahneisen


All of the invitation to tender forms can be found in Gesellschaft mbH
the invitation to tender software at www.jordahl.de. Nobelstraße 51
12057 Berlin
Software download Germany
The JORDAHL® Double Shear Connector
JDSD / JDSDQ software is available: Phone: +49 (30) 68283-02
for download from www.jordahl.de / service / Fax.: +49 (30) 68283-497
software E-Mail: info@jordahl.de
to order by telephone, fax or e-mail from:

19
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Single Shear Connectors HED-S, HED-P


without approval
Similarly to the highly load-bearing JORDAHL® Dou- However, the forces which can be transmitted are
ble Shear Connectors, single shear connectors are significantly lower than with the JDSD or JDSDQ con-
also capable of absorbing longitudinal movements nectors. Single shear connectors are calculated
and transmitting shear forces at the same time. according to DIN 1045-1 and booklet 346, DAfStb.

Shear Connector HED-S + GS Sleeve


Movements in longitudinal and
Transmission of the shear forces
Sliding sleeve made of
stainless steel Connector HED-S

Sliding sleeve GS

Longitudinal
displacement

Shear Connector HED-S + GSQ Sleeve


Movements in longitudinal and
transverse direction Transverse
displacement
Transmission of the shear forces
Sliding sleeve made of
stainless steel Connector HED-S

Rectangular tube
GSQ

Longitudinal
displacement

Shear Connector HED-S + GK Sleeve


Movements in longitudinal direction
Transmission of the shear forces
Sliding sleeve made of plastic
Connector HED-S
Plastic sleeve GK

Longitudinal
displacement

Shear Connector HED-P


Movements in longitudinal direction
Transmission of the shear forces Connector HED-P
With plastified spring element
Sliding sleeve made of plastic Plastified spring
element

Longitudinal
displacement

20
Technical data/calculations

Dowel element HED-S Dowel element HED-P

Dowel Dowel
ø ø
diameter diameter

Dowel length l Dowel length l

Sleeve (sliding sleeve) GS Sleeve (rectangular dowel) GSQ Sleeve (plastic) GK


Max. transverse displacement y

H H H

B Sleeve length lH B Sleeve length lH B Sleeve length lH

Connector Dowel element Sleeves GS, GK Sleeves GSK


type Dowel Dowel length Sleeve length Attachment Sleeve length Attachment Max. transverse
diameter plate plate displacement
HED-S ∅ l lH B/H lH B/H
HED-P [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] [mm] y [mm]
20 20 300 160 70 180 80/80 ±11
22 22 300 160 70 180 80/80 ±10
25 25 300 160 70 180 80/80 ±14
27 27 310 170 80 190 100/80 ±17
30 30 350 185 80 205 100/80 ±21

Design resistances for the single shear connectors Design resistances according to booklet 346
HED-S and HED-P in non-reinforced concrete Steel load-bearing capacities:
No approval is required for the use of single shear
connectors in non-reinforced concrete. µ k

The design resistances VRd for the steel and concrete Concrete load-bearing capacities:
load bearing capacities are determined in accord-
ance with DafStb booklet 346 using
α = 0.85 to allow for the long-term effect on the
compression strength of the concrete 0,4 = (α × γMW )/3
γMW = 1.425 mean value between continuous
(γG = 1.35) and variable (γQ = 1.5) loads with:
fμ = 0.9 reduction factor due to friction [–]
fyk = yield point [N/mm2]
The edge distances of the single connectors must fck = characteristic cylindrical compressive strength of
the concrete [N/mm2]
satisfy a minimum distance in all directions f = gap/joint width f [mm]
between the edge and the connector axis of ar = 8 ∅ ∅ = dowel diameter [mm]
W = section modulus [mm3]
and a minimum axis separation between connectors γMS = material safety factor for steel [–]
of e = 16 ∅.

Connector Dowel Minimum Design resistances [kN] for the joint/gap width f, taking
type Concrete diameter component friction into account
HED-S quality ∅ thickness
HED-P [mm] hmin [mm] 0–10 mm 10–20 mm 20–30 mm 30–40 mm
20 20 320 9.5 7.1 5.7 4.8
22 22 350 11.6 9.0 7.3 6.1
25 ≥ C 20/25 25 400 15.2 12.0 9.9 8.4
27 27 430 17.8 14.1 11.6 9.9
30 30 480 22.2 17.5 14.5 12.3

21
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Calculation
Design resistances for the single shear connectors
HED-S and HED-P in reinforced concrete
No approval is required for the use of single shear VRd, S = design resistance for the steel load-bearing
connectors. The connectors are used primarily capacity taking friction forces (fμ = 0.9) into
structurally. The reinforcement required in each account
case with associated design resistances for the VRd, C = design resistance of the concrete load-
concrete and steel load-bearing capacity is shown bearing capacity taking the reinforcement
below. Users can select a connector from these into account
tables without the need for further proof. The maxi-
mum design resistance for VRd, S and VRd, C must not The calculation of the design resistances for the
be exceeded if the reinforcement is arranged as steel load-bearing capacity is performed as follows
shown. in accordance with booklet 346, DafStb:

The decisive resistance for the calculations is the


smallest of the design resistances from the steel
load-bearing capacity and the concrete
load-bearing capacity: fμ = 0.9 eduction factor due to friction [–]
fyk = yield point [N/mm2]
γMS = partial safety factor for [–]
W = section modulus [mm3]
f = joint/gap width [mm]
∅ = dowel diameter [mm]
Ic = distance to the first stirrup on the connector
hmin = minimum component thickness
emin = minimum axis distance between single
shear connectors
Joint/gap width f V ar = minimum edge distance

≥hmin

Design resistances for the steel load-bearing capacity VRd,S [kN] taking friction (fμ = 0.9) into account

Connector type Dowel diameter Design resistances [kN] for the joint/gap width f, taking friction into account
HED-S ∅
HED-P [mm] 0–10 mm 10–20 mm 20–30 mm 30–40 mm
20 20 14.3 9.5 7.1 5.7
22 22 18.1 12.2 9.3 7.4
25 25 24.8 17.1 13.1 10.6
27 27 29.9 20.9 16.1 13.1
30 30 38.5 27.5 21.4 17.5

Minimum distances

Stirrup distance Component thickness Required connector Distance to edge


Connector type
distance
HED-S
IC hmin emin ar
HED-P
[mm] [mm] [mm] [mm]
20 60 160 310 155
22 60 160 350 175
25 70 180 410 205
27 90 200 490 245
30 90 220 560 280

22
Design resistances for the concrete load-bearing
capacity
The decisive resistance for the concrete load-bear- VRd, ce = design resistance of the concrete edge frac-
ing capacity is the smallest design resistance from ture according to the 2004 assessment by
the proofs for concrete edge fracture and punching Prof. Eligehausen
shear: VRd, ct = design resistance against punching shear
according to DIN 1045-1
VRd, c = min VRd, ce ; VRd, ct

Design resistances of the concrete load-bearing capacity VRd,C [kN], taking the on-site reinforcement into account
Connector type Component VRd, c On-site reinforcement h [mm] Clearance
HED-S thickness ≥ C 2 0/25 IC
HED-P h [mm] [kN] Asx Asy [mm]
≥ 160 13,7
20 2 ∅ 10 2 ∅ 10 60
≥ 180 14.3
≥ 160 14.2
≥ 180 15.8
22 ≥ 200 17.2 2 ∅ 10 2 ∅ 10 60
≥ 220 18.0
≥ 240 18.1
≥ 180 20.5
≥ 200 22.4
25 ≥ 220 23.6 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 70
≥ 240 24.6
≥ 260 24.8
≥ 200 20.8
≥ 220 22.7
≥ 240 24.6
27 2 ∅ 12 2 ∅ 12 90
≥ 260 26.5
≥ 280 28.3
≥ 300 29.9
≥ 220 29.2
≥ 240 31.5
≥ 260 33.7
30 2 ∅ 14 2 ∅ 14 90
≥ 280 35.8
≥ 300 38.0
≥ 320 38.5
With the values shown with a blue background, the design resistance of the steel load-bearing capacity is reached (taking fμ = 0.9 into
account). Asx = stirrup, Asy = longitudinal reinforcement

Dimensions of the fire safety collars for On-site reinforcement HED-S and HED-P
single shear connectors Asx Asy

Single shear connector


HED-S + GS
Connector
Height Width/height [mm]
type
20 IC
C
22
Width Anchor with lb, net Anchor with lb, net Anchor with lb, net
25 110/110
27
30
Ordering example
Single shear connector Single shear connector HED-S 20 comprising dowel
HED-S + GSQ
HED - S 20 and sleeve GS 20 made of stainless steel
Connector
Height Width/height [mm] 1.4571
type
20
Connector Connector Sleeve Size of Material
22
type size type sleeve
Width 25 160/110
HED-S 20 GS 20 1.4571
27
30
23
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Application examples and &


reference projects
Slab-to-slab connections
Large foundation slabs and ceilings have expansion If there are adjacent sections with different sizes
joints and construction joints across which the shear then displacements will occur in two directions. In
forces need to be transmitted. Double shear connec- these situations the Double Shear Connector JDSDQ
tors absorb these loads and prevent the displace- should be used, which can also move transversely.
ments resulting from unequal settling. (Shown without reinforcement)

Airport, Düsseldorf
JORDAHL Double Shear Connectors JDSD 25 HF were
used for the renovation of the floor slabs in hall 8 in
order to transmit the high shear forces which occur
at construction joints and expansion joints.

International port, Hamburg

24
Underground car park, Hamburg Bergedorf
The garages were built as a site-placed concrete
construction which partially featured filigree floors.
Double Shear Connectors JDSD and JDSDQ were
used to transmit the high shear forces. They deliver
a reliable connection between floor slabs and wall
slabs / columns and between floor slabs. The use of
filigree floors in conjunction with Double Shear
Connectors JDSD / JDSDQ significantly increases
cost-effectiveness.

Metropolitan, Warsaw
The picture shows a site-placed load-bearing con-
crete framework in which flat ceiling structures are
used. Double shear connectors were used in order
to transmit the shear forces across the expansion
joints of the ceiling. As a result, it was no longer nec-
essary to use additional supports at the joints. Dur-
ing the project, the company carrying out the con-
struction work was particularly pleased with the
quick and easy installation of the double shear con-
nectors even under complex geometric conditions.

Support-to-beam connection A A–A


For this type of connection, double shear connec-
tors can also be arranged one above the other. One
possible layout for the reinforcement is shown in
the illustration. (The reinforcement in the support
must be verified on-site.)

25
JORDAHL Shear Connectors
®

Slab-to-beam-to-support connection
Structural expansion joints in frame corners
In long buildings it is often necessary to introduce a
separation by means of structural expansion joints.
Traditionally, this division of the building into sec-
tions demands a support before and after the ex-
pansion joint. These are referred to as double sup-
ports or double columns. However, using the dou-
ble shear connectors means that one of the sup-
ports can be omitted. This reduces costs, shortens
construction time and increases the available floor
space. (Shown without reinforcement)

Beam-to-slab connection
Football stadium, Manchester
During alterations to this football stadium in Man-
chester, double shear connectors were used in the
renovation work to establish the beam-to-slab con-
nections. They were chosen as a cost-saving and
simple solution, and also proved their worth from
an architectural point of view as an elegant alterna-
tive to double frames or corbel supports. Here, dou-
ble shear connectors were required in order to
transmit the high shear forces from the ceiling
beams to the supports.

Connection between grandstand slabs


Ice arena, Dresden
JORDAHL® Double Shear Connectors provide a safe,
reliable and efficient connection between grand-
stand elements.
© Andreas Krumnow

26
Connections in bridge abutments
Double shear connectors are used for connection
and alignment of bridge load-bearing structures and
bridge abutments. Installation is significantly simpli-
fied as a result, and the double shear connectors
subsequently make it easier to lift the road surface in
order to change the bearings. (Shown without rein-
forcement)

Connection between prefabricated parts and


site-placed concrete
At the end point of the Eurotunnel between Dover
and Calais double shear connectors are used as the
connection piece between the site-placed concrete
load-bearing walls and the prefabricated ramp
slabs. The ramps carry the vehicles from the bridges
to the shuttle trains at the tunnel.
(Shown without reinforcement)

Slab-to-balustrade connection
The use of shear connectors in the vertical joints of
balustrades is a simple and cost-effective solution
for connecting sections with each other. Double
shear connectors also permit a certain degree of Single shear
twisting in the joints without reducing the horizontal connector

shear capacity.
(Drawing shown without reinforcement)
Double shear
connector

27
info@jordahl.de
www.jordahl.de