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SingleRAN INTERNAL
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Total 61 pages
6.0

GU (U3.8MHz) Refarming Networking Solution


(For internal use only)

Prepared by GSM&UMTS Network Date


2011-02-25
Performance Research Dept.

Reviewed by Date yyyy-mm-dd

Reviewed by Date yyyy-mm-dd

Granted by Date yyyy-mm-dd

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


All rights reserved
GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Change History

Change History

Date Version Description Author

2011-02-25 0.6 Completed the first draft. Wang Wei (Employee


ID: 00129799)

2011-05-26 1.0 Upgraded the document after P4 beta test. Wang Wei (Employee
Added Chapter 8 and section 4.4.2. ID: 00129799)
2011-07-11 1.1 Added the verification result of the solution in Poland. Wang Wei (Employee
ID: 00129799)

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Contents

Contents

1 Overview......................................................................................................................................... 1
2 Requirements of GU 2.0 MHz Application Scenario ............................................................. 2
3 Version Instruction and Limitation of GU 2.0 MHz Feature ................................................ 4
3.1 So ftware and Hardware Dependence .............................................................................................................................4
3.2 NE Function Deploy ment.................................................................................................................................................5
3.3 Feature Dependence ..........................................................................................................................................................5
3.4 Specification Limitation ...................................................................................................................................................5

4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution ............................................................................................ 6


4.1 GU 2.0 MHz Frequency Allocation So lution..............................................................................................................10
4.2 GU 2.0 MHz Interference Solution...............................................................................................................................12
4.2.1 Po wer Control and Active Power Control .........................................................................................................12
4.2.2 DTX .........................................................................................................................................................................15
4.2.3 HSUPA Anti-Interference Scheduling (Optional) ............................................................................................16
4.3 GU 2.0 MHz Network Design Configuration .............................................................................................................17
4.3.1 UMTS 3.8 M Hz .....................................................................................................................................................17
4.3.2 GU Frequency Configuration ..............................................................................................................................19
4.3.3 Calculation of GU Center Frequency Interval..................................................................................................20
4.3.4 Po wer Control and Active Power Control .........................................................................................................22
4.3.5 HSUPA Anti-Interference Scheduling................................................................................................................22
4.3.6 DTX Switches Configuration ..............................................................................................................................22
4.4 GU Buffer Zone ...............................................................................................................................................................22
4.4.1 Buffer Zone Solut ion Based on Coverage Predict ion .....................................................................................23
4.4.2 M R-Based Buffer Zone So lution ........................................................................................................................30
4.5 GU Antenna Solution ......................................................................................................................................................32
4.5.1 Antenna Application Strategies in Urban Scenarios ........................................................................................32
4.5.2 Antenna Application Strategies in Rural Scenarios .........................................................................................34

5 Post-Refarming GSM Performance Optimization ............................................................... 35


5.1 Reduction in GSM900 Configuration ..........................................................................................................................35
5.2 HR Percentage Increase ..................................................................................................................................................36
5.3 Traffic Transfer.................................................................................................................................................................36
5.4 RRU Co-Site Cell ............................................................................................................................................................37

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Contents

5.5 Channel Configuration ....................................................................................................................................................38


5.6 GU Interoperation ............................................................................................................................................................39

6 GU 2.0 MHz Performance Impact and Gain .......................................................................... 40


6.1 Performance Impact ........................................................................................................................................................40
6.1.1 UMTS 3.8 M Hz Perfo rmance .............................................................................................................................40
6.1.2 GSM Network Perfo rmance in the Case of GU 2.0 M Hz Separation ..........................................................41
6.2 Performance Gain ............................................................................................................................................................41

7 Acceptance Criteria for GU 2.0 MHz Test .............................................................................. 42


7.1 Acceptance Scenario........................................................................................................................................................42
7.2 Test Method and Acceptance Criteria ...........................................................................................................................42

8 Application Case of Poland's P4 .............................................................................................. 43


8.1 Application Scenario and Scale .....................................................................................................................................43
8.2 Feature Enabling Plan .....................................................................................................................................................44
8.3 GU Frequency Allocation and Channel Configuration .............................................................................................44
8.4 GU Interference Solution ...............................................................................................................................................45
8.5 GU Buffer Zone ...............................................................................................................................................................45
8.6 GU Antenna Solution ......................................................................................................................................................46
8.7 GSM Frequency Replanning..........................................................................................................................................47
8.8 GSM Perfo rmance Optimizat ion...................................................................................................................................47
8.9 Majo r Test Conclusion ....................................................................................................................................................48
8.9.1 Drive Test KPIs ......................................................................................................................................................48
8.9.2 Traffic Statistics KPIs ...........................................................................................................................................49
8.9.3 Throughput Rate of Single User .........................................................................................................................50
8.10 Problem to be Resolved................................................................................................................................................52

9 Appendix ...................................................................................................................................... 53
9.1 Beta Test Result of GBSS8.1 Power Control Algorith m ..........................................................................................53
9.1.1 PCIII and Optimizat ion ........................................................................................................................................53
9.1.2 Active Power Control............................................................................................................................................53
9.2 Lab Test Result of GBSS9.0 Power Control A lgorith m............................................................................................54
9.2.1 Test Result of Po wer Control Algorithm on the BSC Side.............................................................................54
9.2.2 Test Result of Po wer Control Algorithm on the BTS Side .............................................................................54

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Figures

Figures

Figure 3-1 Breakdown and allocation of SRAN6.0 GU 2.0 MHz Feature .............................. 5
Figure 4-1 Refarming process ........................................................................................................ 7
Figure 4-2 Sandwich GU frequency allocation mode ............................................................. 10
Figure 4-3 Edge GU frequency allocation mode ...................................................................... 11
Figure 4-4 Buffer zone solution ................................................................................................... 23
Figure 4-5 Settings of prediction properties (UMTS) ............................................................. 24
Figure 4-6 Predicted UMTS coverage ......................................................................................... 25
Figure 4-7 Settings of Focus Zone (UMTS) ............................................................................... 26
Figure 4-8 Settings of coverage prediction attributes (GSM) ................................................ 27
Figure 4-9 Predicted GSM coverage ........................................................................................... 28
Figure 4-10 SM coverage prediction report ............................................................................... 29
Figure 4-11 Buffer zone in the direction where GSM terminals interfere with the UMTS
NodeB ............................................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 8-1 Site distribution of P4 test area ................................................................................ 43
Figure 8-2 GU frequency allocation mode of P4 ...................................................................... 44
Figure 8-3 Case of buffer zone in P4........................................................................................... 46
Figure 8-4 Schematic drawing of frequency reuse distance .................................................. 48

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Tables

Tables

Table 4-1 Mapping between ARFCNs and frequencies of the UMTS ................................ 20
Table 4-2 Instruction to special UMTS ARFCNs ..................................................................... 21
Table 4-3 Special ARFCNs and frequencies of 850 MHz of UMTS ..................................... 21
Table 4-4 Equations of GSM center ARFCN ............................................................................ 22
Table 8-1 Drive test KPIs of P4 customer pilot ........................................................................ 49
Table 8-2 Call setup success rate of network KPI .................................................................... 49
Table 8-3 Call drop rate of network KPI ................................................................................... 49
Table 8-4 Handover success rate of network KPI .................................................................... 50
Table 8-5 Comparison of HSPA throughput of single user in 5/4.2/3.8 MHz modes ....... 50
Table 8-6 Comparison of HSPA+ throughput of single user in 5M/4.2M/3.8M modes ... 51
Table 8-7 Performance loss of UMTS 3.8 MHz when compared to U4.2M ........................ 51
Table 8-8 Comparison of HSUPA throughput of single user in 5M/4.2M/3.8M UMTS
Cat5 modes ...................................................................................................................................... 52

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 1 Overview

1 Overview

Being a feature of the SingleRAN6.0, the 2.0 MHz Central Frequency Point Separation
Between GSM and UMTS Mode (corresponding to the RAN13.0 feature MRFD-221703 and
GBSS13.0 feature MRFD-211703), is usually called UMTS 3.8 MHz. If the networking
scenario adopts the UMTS 3.8 MHz mode, that is, the UMTS uplink uses 3.8 MHz filter band,
another two GSM ARFCNs are saved in UMTS 3.8 MHz mode than that in UMTS 4.2MHz
mode. HSDPA services can be implemented in the UMTS network. In addition, after
Refarming, the number of available GSM ARFCNs is increased. This document describes the
networking solutions of GSM and UMTS when 3.8 MHz Refarming is undertaken, and
focuses on the difference between 3.8 MHz Refarming and 4.2 MHz/5 MHz Refarming.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 2 Requirements of GU 2.0 M Hz Application Scenario

2 Requirements of GU 2.0 MHz Application


Scenario

All configurations of the official data about GU performance and baseline in this document
are implemented based on the following requirements of GU 2.0 MHz scenario. If the
requirements of GU 2.0 MHz fail to be met, the commitment and verification cannot be
performed by referring to the official data about GU performance and baseline in this
document.
1. For rural scenario, the recommended distance between sites is ≥ 3 Km.

2. GSM spectrum should be equal to or larger than 7.4 MHz (continuous spectrum resources are
equal to or larger than 5 MHz).
3. The coverage of GSM BTS and UMTS NodeB must be equal-sized. The UMTS NodeB can
be UMTS900 or UMTS2100.

NOTE
In an equal-sized coverage scenario, G SM and UMTS are deployed in co-site mode with the same
azimuth, and the ratio of GSM /UMTS is 1:1. In GU non-cosited scenario, if the coverage of G SM BTS
and UMTS NodeB is equal-sized, the UM TS UE transmits signals at full power in GO cells. This blocks
the GSM BTS and causes invalid coverage of GSM .

4. The GSM and UMTS equipment provided by Huawei is operated by the same operator. The
GSM and UMTS can be configured in co-located mode, share the same BBU, or share the
same SDR.

5. Sandwich frequency allocation is adopted for GSM and UMTS. That is, the GSM has two
interference ARFCNs with 2.0 MHz interval to the UMTS.
6. Each GSM cell supports up to one interference ARFCN with GU 2.0 MHz interval.

7. BCCH carrier can be configured only on the GSM ARFCNs other than the 5 MHz used by the
UMTS.
8. The GSM PDCH must be configured on non-interference ARFCN (BCCH).
9. For the GSM, the active power control function and the PCIII must be enabled and then
configured based on the relevant parameter baseline.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 2 Requirements of GU 2.0 M Hz Application Scenario

10. The GU 2.0 MHz feature does not support HSPA+ services such as 64QAM, MIMO, and DC.

NOTE
In GU 2.0 M Hz (UMTS 3.8 M Hz) mode, compared to 16QAM, HSDPA+ using 64QAM has no gains.
When high-end users access the UMTS 3.8 M Hz network, only the impact on service performance of
low speed data obtained in 16QAM scenario can be reached.

11. When the GSM RRU co-site cell function and the measurement report (MR) processing are
enabled simultaneously, the GU 2.0 MHz feature cannot be used.

NOTE
Based on the test result of the project in Poland, mute problems exist at RRU co-site overlap of location
groups in the GSM in this scenario.
The following chapters describe the detailed requirements and limitations of the preceding scenarios.

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3 Version Instruction and Limitat ion of GU 2.0 M Hz
GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Feature

3 Version Instruction and Limitation of GU


2.0 MHz Feature

3.1 Software and Hardware Dependence


Hardware dependence: The GSM and UMTS equipment provided by Huawei is operated by
the same operator. The 3.8 MHz static filter module must be the RxU900M V1V2V3 or
mRRU850M V2 module.

Software dependence: SRAN6.0 (GBSS13.0, RAN13.0) and later version. Huawei PCIII and
optimization, active power control function, and DTX must be enabled simultaneously.
Product version requirement:
MBTS V1: BTS3900V100R004C00SPC000B065 and later versions
MBTS V2: BTS3900V100R004C00SPC000B051 and later versions

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3 Version Instruction and Limitat ion of GU 2.0 M Hz
GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion Feature

3.2 NE Function Deployment

Figure 3-1 Breakdown and allocation of SRAN6.0 GU 2.0 MHz Feature

mBTS

1. Enable the BTS


active power
control function 1. Active power
BSC control
2. Enable Huawei
PCIII 2. PCIII and optimization
(License
control)

CME

(Configured with NodeB


small bandwidth)
1. 3.8M MHz filter
2. License control
3.HSUPA algorithm
1. Configure the filter for resisting strong
bandwidth interference
(Optional)
2. Enable the configuration
of the HSUPA algorithm for 4. Decoupling of
resisting interference UMTS uplink and
downlink filters

3.3 Feature Dependence


1. MRFD-221703 GSM and UMTS 2.0 MHz frequency separation
2. GBFD-114801 discontinuous transmission (DTX)
3. GBFD-117601 Huawei PCIII and optimization
4. GBFD-117602 active power control
5. WRFD-020136 HSUPA anti-interference scheduling (Optional)

3.4 Specification Limitation


The static filter supports 3.8 MHz, 4.2 MHz, 4.4 MHz, and 5 MHz in uplink direction, and 4.2
MHz, 4.4 MHz, and 5 MHz in downlink direction.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

Figure 4-1 shows the Refarming process of GU 2.0 MHz. Two typical scenarios are included:
new UMTS 3.8 MHz mode and the handover to UMTS 3.8 MHz mode from other filter
bandwidth. In a new creation scenario, GSM Refarming must be implemented on the live
network. After the 3.8 MHz frequency is available, the UMTS carrier is activated. In
bandwidth handover scenario, the bandwidth of other filter is handed over to 3.8 MHz. The
GSM ARFCN is added when the network performance becomes stable.

NOTE
The bandwidth handover scenario is a special scenario. It is applicable to the network where the
UMTS 900 with a bandwidth of 5 MHz or 4.2 MHz is deployed, and the customer expects smaller
bandwidth in the UMTS , for example, the 3G/UMTS network of Poland's P4. With the increasing
requirement of 3G services, UMTS 3.8 MHz mode will be evolved into UMTS 5MHz.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

Figure 4-1 Refarming process

Start the U3.8M refarming

Collect information of the live network

Whether new UMTS900


N
is required for U3.8M?

Use the 5 MHz or 4.2 MHz buffer zone in the


Plan the buffer zone
live network

Confirm the GSM planning solution after the


Assess network performance of the 5 MHz or
Refarming, including frequency replanning and
4.2 MHz in the live network
channel configuration.

Confirm the GU ARFCNs with non-standard


frequency separation, including GSM traffic
Confirm the GSM ARFCN adding solution and
transfer, GU antenna solution, and GU
channel configuration solution
interoperation solution.

Implement the GSM planning solution and


make the 3.8 MHz frequency available Enable GSM PCIII and optimization and active
power control

Observe the GSM


performance and check whether
Frequency fine-tuning N the acceptance Perform UMTS filter handover to 3.8 MHz
is successful

Enable GSM PCIII and optimization and the


active power control Add the GSM ARFCN and complete the
channel configuration

Activate the U3.8M mode

Implement the GU ARFCNs with non-standard


frequency separation

Whether the network


Network optimization N performance after U3.8M
activation is acceptable?

Acceptance

End

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

Two types of situations are included in the implementation process of UMTS 3.8 MHz
Refarming. If a new UMTS 3.8 MHz mode is required on the live network, see the left part of
Figure 4-1. All necessary processes of the Refarming must be performed. If 5M/4.6M/4.2M is
available on the live network, such as the network of Poland's P4, see the right part of Figure
4-1. Based on the checklist, you can assess the buffer zone in the original network. If the
performance is acceptable, use the planning scheme of butter zone of the original network.
Necessary operations include enabling PCIII and optimization and active power control,
UMTS filter handover, and adding GSM ARFCNs. The introduction to the preceding process
is as follows:
1. For information about planning the buffer zone, see section 4.4 .

Based on the requirement of operators, the Refarming area is confirmed and the planning of
buffer zone is completed.
2. For information about confirming the GSM planning solution, see sections 5.1 , 5.2 , and 5.5 .
Frequency planning, GSM configuration reduction, and channel configuration are included.
3. For information about confirming the GU ARFCNs with non-standard frequency separation,
see sections 5.3 , 5.6 , and 4.5 .
GSM traffic transfer, GU antenna solution, and GU interoperation solution are inc luded.
4. Implementing the GSM planning solution

After the GSM planning solution is performed, the KPI must be observed for one to two
weeks and serves as the comparison baseline after enabling the UMTS 3.8 MHz mode.
5. Activating the UMTS900

After the swap or the reconstruction of the live network, the GSM network performance is
stable. Activate the UMTS900 cell, monitor the UMTS900 network performance, and perform
network optimization as required.
6. Implementing the GU ARFCNs with non-standard frequency separation
This operation is performed simultaneously when the UMTS900 is enabled.
7. Optimization and acceptance
After the network performance is stable, implement acceptance of the entire network.

If the design on the GSM side is completed by the customer, and the design on the UMTS
side is delivered by Huawei, Huawei engineers need to verify the GSM configuration based
on the following checklist.

New Handover
Verification Category UMTS UMTS 3.8 Belong Area Principle
3.8 MHz MHz
If the coverage of the GSM and
UMTS in the same cluster is
not equal-sized, that is, the
Whether the coverage of the GSM and UMTS are
GSM and UMTS is √ √ GSM&UMTS co-located in 1:1 mode, the
equal-sized UMTS can be UMTS900 or
UMTS2100, it indicates that
invalid coverage of cells exist
in non-cosited cells.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

New Handover
Verification Category UMTS UMTS 3.8 Belong Area Principle
3.8 MHz MHz

Whether the GSM spectrum


√ √ GSM
is larger than 7.4 MHz

Whether the GSM equipment


√ √ GSM
is provided by Huawei
Whether the Licenses of
PCIII, active power control, √ √ GSM
and DTX are available
Products earlier than mRxU
Whether the GSM module is
√ √ GSM V2V3 do not support the GSM
mRxU V2V3
module.
Configuration principle of Check whether the customer

GSM&UMTS
buffer zone plan is conservative or radical
based on Huawei's planning
principle of buffer zone
Review of buffer zone described in section 4.4 . If the
√ GSM&UMTS buffer zone plan of customer is
solution
too radical, inform the
customer about the risk in time.
Review the customer's solution
GSM frequency replanning
and inform the customer about
solution and configuration
√ GSM the performance deterioration
reduction solution after the
caused by the changing of
Refarming
frequency planning method.
Based on section 5.5 , check
GSM ARFCN adding
the GSM configuration solution
solution and channel √ GSM
and report the risk pre-warning
configuration solution
of unqualified configuration.
Based on section 5.5 , check
GSM channel configuration the GSM configuration solution
√ GSM
solution and report the risk pre-warning
of unqualified configuration.
Compare the traffic transfer
GSM traffic transfer solution √ GSM solution by referring to section
5.3 .
Confirm whether the GU
co-antenna solution or
independent antenna solution is
Confirmation of GU antenna
√ GSM&UMTS adopted. The co-antenna
solution
solution is cost-effective. The
independent antenna solution
provides better performance.
Confirmation of GU
√ GSM&UMTS
interoperation solution

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

New Handover
Verification Category UMTS UMTS 3.8 Belong Area Principle
3.8 MHz MHz

This step is important. If the


preceding GSM steps are
planned by the customer, the
Implementation of GSM performance baseline after the
frequency replanning and √ GSM 3.8 MHz frequency of the live
obtainment of performance network is available through
baseline frequency replanning must be
obtained. This serves as a
preparation for the delivery of
UMTS 3.8 MHz.
Obtain the performance
baseline and instruct the
customer about the potential
Assessment of 4.2M/5M performance deterioration after
performance of the live √ UMTS the handover to UMTS 3.8
network MHz is completed. (For
information about the
communication of official data
and reply, see section 6.1 )

4.1 GU 2.0 MHz Frequency Allocation Solution


A proper bandwidth allocation solution between the GSM and UMTS can effectively improve
the spectrum utilization. Two frequency allocation modes are available: edge frequency
allocation and sandwich frequency allocation. Each mode has its own advantages. In the case
of non-standard GU frequency separation, you are advised to use the sandwich frequency
allocation in the networking. Compared with the edge allocation mode, the sandwich
allocation mode supports three more ARFCNs if the GU frequency separation is 2.0 MHz. In
addition, the UMTS frequencies are allocated inside its own frequency resource without
interference to the GSM or other systems of other operators on the adjacent frequency bands.

Figure 4-2 Sandwich GU frequency allocation mode

f1 f2
GSM GSM

UMTS

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

In Figure 4-2, f1 and f2 indicate the GU center frequency interval. f1 = f2 = 2.0 MHz The
UMTS center frequency is selected based on the principle that the GSM frequency on each
side of the UMTS carrier after allocation must be larger than 600 kHz. BCCH is not
configured in the 600 kHz frequency on the sides of UMTS carrier. Frequency hopping is
enabled to reduce the interference on the UMTS.
The advantages of the sandwich frequency allocation mode are as follows:
1. For an operator, if the sandwich frequency allocation mode is adopted, the UMTS frequencies
are allocated inside its own frequency resource without interference to the GSM or other
systems of other operators on the adjacent frequency bands. If the reserved buffer zone is
configured according to the specific requirements, normal operation of both systems is
ensured.

2. If the frequency is allocated in sandwich mode, the associated anti-interference feature of GU


can be fully utilized, and the GU center frequency interval is compressed. The sandwich
allocation mode supports more GSM ARFCNs and improves the frequency utilization, which
ensuring the system performance of UMTS.

3. For operators with few spectrum resources, 900 MHz dual-carrier is not likely to be
implemented. Therefore, the deployed UMTS needs not be changed and the expansion or
adjustment is not required.
Figure 4-3 shows the edge GU frequency allocation mode.

Figure 4-3 Edge GU frequency allocation mode

Other operators
f1 f2 Idle frequency
GSM

UMTS

In Figure 4-3, f1 and f2 indicate the GU center frequency interval. f1 = 2.0 MHz, f2 = 2.6
MHz.

If the edge frequency allocation mode is adopted, the UMTS terminal still uses a bandwidth
of 5 MHz. That is, the 600 kHz frequency on the right side is actually used by the terminal of
the operator, instead of being allocated for other operators. Therefore, the central frequency
separation between the UMTS of the operator and the GSM of other operators should be 2.6
MHz at least. Otherwise, the UMTS and GSM interfere with each other, the spectrum is
wasted, and the operators may face legal issues.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

4.2 GU 2.0 MHz Interference Solution


4.2.1 Power Control and Active Power Control
In the case of non-standard GU frequency separation, the GSM must enable the power control
function to avoid the strong interference on the UMTS due to high transmission power. In
addition, during service initialization, the RACH access level is high, which causes uplink
strong interference on the co-site UMTS 3.8 MHz. As a result, the HSUPA rate is severely
decreased. Therefore, it is recommended that the active power control is enabled when the GU
2.0 MHz feature is used. This prevent the HSUPA rate from severely decrease due to high
interference level when the GSM is in accessed status. PCIII can be used to control the level
the GSM users in service. This ensures the UMTS 3.8 MHz performance. To use the GU 2.0
MHz feature, you can perform the configuration based on the power control parameter
baseline.

Principles
Being an important method to control the wireless link, power control is used to adjust the
transmission power of MS and BTS based on the comprehensive judgment of the expectation
configured in the OMC data management system, the uplink/downlink received level reported
by the BTS, and the MR of reception quality. The basic principles of power control are as
follows:
1. If the level or the quality is higher than expectation, properly reduce the power.
2. If the level or the quality is lower than expectation, properly increase the power.
3. Comprehensively consider the factors of level and quality to improve the correctness and
effectiveness of power control.
By controlling the transmission power on the wireless link, the transmission power can be
reduced to achieve a better transmission quality without using the maximum transmission
power. This ensures that the transmission power is higher than the threshold, and the average
transmission power of MS and BTS is reduced. In addition, the interference on other channels
is reduced.

If the power control algorithm is used, multiple MRs during the early stage of channel
creation are discarded. The power control command can be released only by using the filter
algorithm. In this way, the power control function is available when the channel is created.
The uplink and downlink transmission are performed in full power, which brings strong
interference on the UMTS and causes much power consumption.

The active power control algorithm estimates the uplink/downlink transmission power based
on the path loss estimation of the new channel, activates the messages over the channel, and
then delivers the power control command. Currently, the active power control is applicable to
the assignment procedure and the allocation procedure of channel handover in the BSC.

The GU 2.0 MHz feature requires the enabling of active power control and PCIII and
optimization. For the impact of active power control and PCIII and optimization on the
network, see sections 9.1 and 9.2 .

Operation Procedure
1. Enable the active power control function

a. Run the BSC6900 MML command SET GCELLPWRBASIC. Set


PWRBCDALLOWD to YES. The configuration interface of the CME is as follows:

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 4 GU 2.0 MHz Networking Solution

For example, to modify the basic parameter of power control in cell 12 and enable the
active power control function, run the following command:
SET GCELLPWRBASIC: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=12, PWRBCDALLOWD=YES;
b. Run the BSC6900 MML command SET GCELLBASICPARA. Set UPPCEN to YES.
Set DNPCEN to YES. (Note that the uplink/downlink power control is enabled as
required.) The configuration interface of the CME is as follows:

For example, to modify the basic parameter of power control in cell 12 and enable the
uplink/downlink power control function, run the following command:
SET GCELLBASICPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=12, UPPCEN=YES,
DNPCEN=YES;

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c. Set the target threshold of active power control.


SET GCELLBASICPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=12, EXPULRXLEV=30,
EXPDLRXLEV=30;
If the active power control function is enabled in the original GSM network, keep the
parameter setting.
2. Enable the PCIII and optimization
a. Run the BSC6900 MML command SET GCELLPWRBASIC. Set PWRCTRLSW to
PWR3. If PWR3 is enabled in the system, skip step 1. The configuration interface of the
CME is as follows:

b. Run the BSC6900 MML command SET GCELLPWR3. Set


AMRCALLPCALLOWED to ON. Set NONAMRCALLPCALLOWED to ON.
Adjust the parameters of PCIII or use the default value based on the actual status of the
network. If PWR3 is enabled in the system, skip step 2. The configuration interface of
the CME is as follows:

c. Run the BSC6900 MML command SET GCELLPWR3. Set


PWRCTRLOPTI MI ZEDEN to YES. The configuration interface of the CME is as
follows:

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For example, to modify the control parameter of PCIII in cell 12 and enable the PCIII
and optimization, run the following command:
SET GCELLPWR3: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=12, PWRCTRLOPTIMIZEDEN=YES;
d. Configure the power control parameters.
SET GCELLPWR3
Use the parameter baseline of power control to perform the configuration.
For details, see reference [11].

4.2.2 DTX
During a communication procedure, only 40% of the time is used for the call of MSs. Voice
information is not transferred most of the time. If all information is transmitted to the network,
the system resources are wasted, and the interference on the UMTS deteriorates.

Principle
Discontinuous transmission (DTX) indicates that the transmission channel is disabled when a
call is not implemented. This reduces the interference level and improves the system
efficiency. During data transmission, this function is disabled. DTX only affects the
transmission of TCH frame. The GU 2.0 MHz feature is used together with DTX to reduce the
interference on UMTS uplink/downlink during the voice call of GSM users and improve the
UMTS throughput and user perception.

Operation Procedure
Being a basic function, uplink/downlink DTX is applicable to all scenarios. If this function is
enabled in the original network, skip this step.
The parameter configuration path is as follows:

For example, SET GCELLBASICPARA: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=12, FRDLDTX=YES,


HRDLDTX=YES, FRULDTX=Shall_Use, HRULDTX=Shall_Use;

The GU 2.0 MHz feature requires the enabling of DTX. The downlink DTX must be enabled
on the MSC simultaneously.

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4.2.3 HSUPA Anti-Interference Scheduling (Optional)


HSUPA anti-interference scheduling is a new feature of the RAN13.0. In the case of strong
interference from external system, the HSUPA anti-interference scheduling can ensure certain
throughput of the cells and improve the HSUPA user perception.

On the live network, the external system interference on local sites is strong. The interference
may lasts for several minutes to half an hour. When the system is continuously interfered, the
HSUPA cell throughput of the sites is low, and the user perception is poor. The HSUPA
anti-interference scheduling algorithm is designed for this type of scenario. It can improve the
throughput of HSUPA cells in the case of strong interference from external system and
enhance the user perception, while ensuring system stability and coverage controllability.

Principle
This feature is used to perform scheduling authorization in uplink strong interference scenario
based on the received total wideband power (RTWP) of cell, R99 in the cell, and the carrier
factors provided by the HSUPA user. By using this algorithm, the load increase caused by
interference is neglected. In the original network, the scheduling uses 75% as the threshold.
When another threshold is added, the dual-threshold can be used to check whether additional
carriers are available for users. In the pre-defined period, if the measured RTWP exceeds the
pre-defined threshold, use the nearest RTWP that is smaller than the threshold as the RTWP.
Outside the pre-defined period, if the measured RTWP always exceeds the pre-defined
threshold, no processing is required because the increase of RTWP is considered to be normal.
Based on lab testing results, the maximum continuous interference supported by the HSUPA
algorithm for resisting strong interference is 17 dB. If the continuous interference is larger
than 17 dB, the HSUPA algorithm for resisting strong interference is not functional.
This algorithm has impacts on the CS users on the edge of the cell. Therefore, the HSUPA
anti-interference scheduling is not a kind of mandatory feature dependence. It serves only as
an HSUPA improvement solution.

Operation Procedure
Run the NodeB MML SET MACEPARA to set the Mac-e parameter.
1. Set MAC-e Schedule Para to YES.
2. Set Anti-Interference Scheduling Switch to ON.

3. You are advised to set Min UL Cover Load Threshol d to 13 dB and set Own Cell UL Load
to 90 (indoor coverage scenario) or 60 (outdoor coverage scenario).

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NOTE
This algorithm enhances the HSUPA user perception and increases the RTWP of cell. As a result, the call
drop rate of edge users is increased. Therefore, the HSUPA anti-interference scheduling serves as an
optional solution of GU 2.0 M Hz feature. It is used in the scenario where HSUPA is to be preferentially
ensured. If the customer cares more about the CS user perception, do not use this algorithm.

4.3 GU 2.0 MHz Network Design Configuration


4.3.1 UMTS 3.8 MHz
1. Bandwidth configuration

Run the NodeB MML command SET FREQBWH. Set Frequency Min Bandwidth (kHz)
to 3800. The system automatically changes the bandwidth of downlink filter to 4.2 MHz.

For example, to set the uplink filter bandwidth of the RRU at slot 1 of subrack 60 in cabinet 0
to 3800 kHz, run the following command:
SET FREQBWH: CN=0, SRN=60, SN=0, FMBWH=3800;

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2. Configuration query

a. In the NODEB LMT, choose Test > Start CommRedirect(S).

b. Enter the cabinet number, subrack number, and slot number of the carrier. Then click
OK. The system redirects to the carrier board to be configured.

c. Choose Test > SerialCmd. The SerialCmd page is displayed.

d. Enter the cabinet number, subrack number, and slot number of the carrier board, and the
serial command to be executed. Then click OK.

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4.3.2 GU Frequency Configuration


Based on the result of network planning, to modify the ARFCN on the GSM side or UMTS
side, do as follows:

Modify the center ARFCN of UMTS carrier


Run the BSC6900 MML command DEA UCELL to deactivate the UMTS cell.
Run the BSC6900 MML command MOD UCELLSETUP to modify the logical cell ARFCN
of UMTS. Set parameters BandInd, UARFCNUplinkInd, and UARFCNDownlink .

Run the NodeB MML command MOD LOCELL to modify cell ARFCNs. Set parameters
UARFCNUplink and UARFCNDownlink .
Run the BSC6900 MML command ACT UCELL to activate the UMTS cell.

Modify the center ARFCN of GSM carrier


Run the BSC6900 MML command MOD GTRX to modify the carrier. Set the UARFCN
parameter. Set the interval between the GSM carrier ARFCN and the ARFCN on the UMTS
side to 2.0 MHz.

Query the frequency configuration


Run the following commands to query the GSM and UMTS ARFCNs used in the cell:
UMTS: LST UCELL
GSM: LST GCELLFREQ

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4.3.3 Calculation of GU Center Frequency Interval


This section describes the calculation of GU center frequency interval.
1. The UMTS ARFCNs can be calculated according to the following equation:
UMTS ARFCN = [F(n) – Offset] x 5
=>F(n) = UMTS ARFCN/5 + Offset
For 900 MHz frequency, Offset = 340 MHz.
For common 850 MHz ARFCN, Offset = 0.
For special 850 MHz ARFCN, Offset = 670.1 MHz.

Table 4-1 Mapping between ARFCNs and frequencies of the UMTS


UPLINK (UL) DOWNLINK (DL)
UE Transmit, NodeB Receive UE Receive, NodeB Transmit
UARFCN Carrier Frequency (FUL) UARFCN Carrier Frequency
Band Formula Range [MHz] Formula (FDL) Range [MHz]
Offset Offset
FUL_low FUL_high FDL_low FDL_high
FUL_Offset FDL_Offset
[MHz] [MHz]
I 0 1922.4 1977.6 0 2112.4 2167.6

II 0 1852.4 1907.6 0 1932.4 1987.6


III 1525 1712.4 1782.6 1575 1807.4 1877.6

IV 1450 1712.4 1752.6 1805 2112.4 2152.6


V(850) 0 826.4 846.6 0 871.4 891.6

VI 0 832.4 837.6 0 877.4 882.6


VII 2100 2502.4 2567.6 2175 2622.4 2687.6

VIII(900) 340 882.4 912.6 340 927.4 957.6


IX 0 1752.4 1782.4 0 1847.4 1877.4

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Table 4-2 Instruction to special UMTS ARFCNs


UPLINK (UL) DOWNLINK (DL)
UE Transmit, NodeB Receive UE Receive, NodeB Transmit

Band UARFCN Carrier Frequency UARFCN Carrier Frequency [MHz]


Formula Offset [MHz] Formula Offset (FDL)
FUL_Offset (FUL) FDL_Offset
[MHz] [MHz]

I - - - -
1850.1 1852.5, 1857.5, 1862.5, 1850.1 1932.5, 1937.5, 1942.5,
1867.5, 1872.5, 1877.5, 1947.5, 1952.5, 1957.5,
II
1882.5, 1887.5, 1892.5, 1962.5, 1967.5, 1972.5,
1897.5, 1902.5, 1907.5 1977.5, 1982.5, 1987.5
III - - - -
IV 1380.1 1712.5, 1717.5, 1722.5, 1735.1 2112.5, 2117.5, 2122.5,
1727.5, 1732.5, 1737.5 2127.5, 2132.5, 2137.5,
1742.5, 1747.5, 1752.5 2142.5, 2147.5, 2152.5
V 670.1 826.5, 827.5, 831.5, 832.5, 670.1 871.5, 872.5, 876.5,
837.5, 842.5 877.5, 882.5, 887.5
VI 670.1 832.5, 837.5 670.1 877.5, 882.5

VII 2030.1 2502.5, 2507.5, 2512.5, 2105.1 2622.5, 2627.5, 2632.5,


2517.5, 2522.5, 2527.5, 2637.5, 2642.5, 2647.5,
2532.5, 2537.5, 2542.5, 2652.5, 2657.5, 2662.5,
2547.5, 2552.5, 2557.5, 2667.5, 2672.5, 2677.5,
2562.5, 2567.5 2682.5, 2687.5
VIII - - - -

Table 4-3 Special ARFCNs and frequencies of 850 MHz of UMTS


Uplink Frequency Uplink ARFCN Downlink Frequency Downlink ARFCN

826.5 782 871.5 1007


827.5 787 872.5 1012

831.5 807 876.5 1032


832.5 812 877.5 1037
837.5 837 882.5 1062

842.5 862 887.5 1087

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2. Mapping between the GSM ARFCN and the frequency

Table 4-4 Equations of GSM center ARFCN


P-GSM 900 Fl(n) = 890 + 0.2 x n 1  n  124 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45

E-GSM 900 Fl(n) = 890 + 0.2 x n 0  n  124 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45

Fl(n) = 890 + 0.2 x (n – 1024) 975  n  1 023

GSM 850 Fl(n) = 824.2 + 0.2 x (n – 128) 128  n  251 Fu(n) = Fl(n) + 45

3. Calculation of GU center frequency interval


min(|F(n) – Fl(n)|) < 2.2 MHz => 3.8 MHz filter

4.3.4 Power Control and Active Power Control


See section 4.2.2 .

4.3.5 HSUPA Anti-Interference Scheduling


See section 4.2.1 .

4.3.6 DTX Switches Configuration


See section 4.2.3 .

4.4 GU Buffer Zone


In the Refarming area, the UMTS occupies some ARFCNs used in the original GSM network.
These ARFCNs are still used by the GSM outside the Refarming area. As a result, the GSM
and UMTS at the edge of the Refarming area that use the same ARFCN may lead to GU
co-frequency interference. The GU buffer zone solution is used to solve this problem. Figure
4-3 shows the GU buffer zone. The UMTS900 and GSM900 Cell 2 can use the same
frequency; however, the corresponding area of GSM900 Cell 1 cannot use the frequency
resources that are occupied by the UMTS900. This prevents the GU co-frequency interference.
The area corresponding to the GSM900 Cell 1 is the buffer zone.

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Figure 4-4 Buffer zone solution

UMTS900 Cell0
Buffer Zone

GSM900 Cell2

GSM900 Cell1

Bas ic Info
• Frequency (C ell 0) = Frequency (C ell 2)
• Frequency (C ell 0) <> Frequency (C ell 1)

4.4.1 Buffer Zone Solution Based on Coverage Prediction


Application Scenario and Principles
The buffer zone solution based on coverage forecast is used to determine the buffer zone in
the network planning phase. This solution is applicable to multiple UMTS900 Refarming
scenarios, such as co-site deployment, separate site deployment, equal-size coverage,
unequal-size coverage of the GSM and the UMTS. This solution is implemented by using the
coverage prediction function of Unet or Atoll.

Based on the analysis of the interference in four directions, the interference is limited by the
direction where the GSM terminals interfere with UMTS NodeBs. Therefore, the operation
procedure of buffer zone is described only in this direction. For details, refer to the SRAN
Refarming GSM-UMTS Buffer Zone Solution.
The correctness of the research is determined by the following factors:
1. The correctness of engineering parameters
2. Antenna files corresponding to the live network
3. Corrected radio propagation model
4. High precision electronic map

Operation Procedure
The buffer zone can be confirmed by using the following four steps:
a. Confirm the interference threshold.
b. Perform UMTS coverage prediction in the buffer zone.

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c. Perform GSM coverage prediction outside the buffer zone.


d. Obtain the sum of the UMTS coverage prediction and GSM coverage prediction.
Detailed operation procedure is as follows:
1. Confirm the level requirement. Set the received level at the coverage edge of GSM cells to
–104 dBm. Set the received level at the coverage edge of UMTS cells to –112 dBm.
2. Establish the UMTS engineering in U-Net to predict the downlink coverage.

a. After importing engineering parameters, click Coverage by Signal Level. In the Display
tab page, select Best Signal Level (dBm). Set the minimum displayed level as the level
requirement at the coverage edge of UMTS cells (in this example, the level is set to –
112 dBm), as shown in the red box of Figure 4-5.

Figure 4-5 Settings of prediction properties (UMTS)

b. During coverage prediction, only set Computation Zone to display all levels (the lowest
level is –112dBm). If Computation Zone is correctly set, you can obtain the following
predicted coverage, as shown in Figure 4-6.

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Figure 4-6 Predicted UMTS coverage

c. Set Focus Zone along the edge of the predicted coverage in Figure 4-6. The setting
result is the green line in Figure 4-7. Export the settings of Focus Zone to a file. When
setting Focus Zone, focus on continuous coverage areas and ignore sparse coverage
areas.

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Figure 4-7 Settings of Focus Zone (UMTS)

3. Establish the GSM engineering in U-Net to predict the signal level.

a. After importing engineering parameters, click Coverage by Signal Level. In the Display
tab page, select Signal Level (dBm). Set the minimum displayed level as the level
requirement at the coverage edge of GSM cells (in this example, the level is set to – 104
dBm), as shown in the red box of Figure 4-8.

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Figure 4-8 Settings of coverage prediction attributes (GSM)

b. Choose Transmitters > Subcells. Check whether the setting of Reception Threshold
(dBm) is no lower than the level at the GSM cell edge. Here the level at the GSM cell
edge is –104 dBm and Reception Threshold (dBm) is set to –116 dBm.
c. Set Computation Zone. Similar to the UMTS engineering, ensure that the lowest level
(–104 dBm) can be displayed.
d. Import the settings of Focus Zone into a file, UMTS_FocusZone (G_BTStoU_UE).agd,
and predict the coverage. Figure 4-9 shows the prediction result.

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Figure 4-9 Predicted GSM coverage

4. Select Generate Report and %Focus Zone. The report is generated, as shown in Figure 4-10.
The cell name is displayed in the red box. Buffer zone in the direction where GSM terminals
interfere with the UMTS NodeB

5. Then, you can obtain the GSM cell in the buffer zone that is determined in the direction,
where the GSM BTS interferes with the UMTS NodeB. See Figure 4-11.

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Figure 4-10 SM coverage prediction report

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Figure 4-11 Buffer zone in the direction where GSM terminals interfere with the UMTS NodeB

Then, the buffer zone planning is completed. Due to terrain conditions and surface features,
the buffer zone is not required in certain areas, such as the northeast corner, while a 5-layer
buffer zone is needed in the densely-populated areas, such as the southwest corner.

4.4.2 MR-Based Buffer Zone Solution


Application Scenario and Principles
The MR-based buffer zone solution is used to optimize the buffer zone in the network
optimization phase. The basic principle is similar to the simulation method. This solution is
applicable to the following scenarios:

1. Huawei deploys the GSM site and UMTS site in the entire network. This solution is also
applicable to the segmental networking completed by Huawei and other vendor if the
MR-related data of other vendor can be obtained and correctly resolved.
2. The UMTS NodeB and GSM BTS must be deployed at one site.

3. The UMTS NodeB and GSM BTS must be deployed at one site, where the coverage range of
UMTS cells is the same as that of GSM cells.

The MR includes the downlink receive level of the serving cell and six neighboring cells.
Also, the transmit power of the base station and the maximum transmit power of terminals
can be obtained. Then, you can calculate the coupling loss between the base station and the
terminals. The interference in four directions can be obtained if the following conditions are
met: The downlink loss equals the uplink loss. The receive power of the GSM BTS equals the
receive power of the UMTS NodeB that is deployed at one site with the GSM BTS. The
interfered object serves as the serving cell where the MR is collected. The interference object
acts as a neighboring cell. Considering the permitted interference level, you can determine the
size of the buffer zone.

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The correctness of this method is determined by the following factors:

a. Collected MR period
b. The correctness of engineering parameters

Operation Procedure
1. In the M2000, enable the Neighbor Cell Level Measurement Per Cell. Collect the counter
AS360. The obtained cell information includes BCCH frequencies, BCC, and NCC. Abstract
the data of one week.
2. Confirm the interference thresholds of the four directions. In the InputPara tab page, Enter
interference values in four GU directions and make modifications as required. The following
page shows default values.

3. In the EngineerPara tab page, enter the basic engineering parameters, including site name,
cell name, latitude, longitude, antenna azimuth, site type (GU or GO), BCCH, NCC, BCC, the
power on top of the cabinet of GSM BTSs, and the power on top of the cabinet of UMTS
NodeBs.

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4. In the GCELL_NCELL tab page, enter the signal strength of all GU neighboring cells.

5. In the Geography_Display tab page, the graphic buffer zone is displayed.

For details, refer to the SRAN Refarming GSM-UMTS Buffer Zone Solution V0.6.

4.5 GU Antenna Solution


4.5.1 Antenna Application Strategies in Urban Scenarios
1. SRAN deployment scenario

In the scenario of SRAN deployment based on the software designed radio (SDR) technology,
generally, only the co-antenna solution can be used because the GSM and UMTS signals are
combined into one output. In some special cases, however, the separate antenna solution can
be adopted because the SRAN can be configured in either GSM only mode or UMTS only
mode. In GU co-antenna mode, the azimuth, down tilt angel, and antenna height are

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consistent with the live GSM network. This ensures that the GSM network performance is not
affected. However, due to the difference between the GSM and UMTS technologies (mainly
refers to the difference of frequency reuse), the engineering parameters of some GSM cells
may not be applicable to the UMTS cells. For these cells that are not applicable to the GSM
co-antenna scenario, the separate antenna scenario is recommended.
2. Non-SRAN deployment scenario
In the non-SRAN deployment scenario, the two-port co-antenna solution and separate antenna
solution can be flexibly selected. The four-port co-antenna serves as a supplementary solution
of other antenna solutions because it has no advantage in cost or performance. The four-port
co-antenna solution is mainly used in the scenario when additional antenna poles or more
space is required.

If the customer pays more attention to the network performance, not the construction cost of
the network, the engineering parameters of the antenna in the original network can be kept
and the antenna system does not need to be reconstructed. During the establishment of new
antenna system in the UMTS network, the antenna engineering parameters are designed based
on the UMTS network planning procedure. This solution does not affect the GSM network
performance. For the UMTS network, this solution ensures that the antenna system is
independent and adjustable, the UMTS network performance is also ensured. Therefore, from
the perspective of performance, this solution is benefit for the delivery, especially in the
scenario when the KPI is promised. In practice, this solution can be used together with other
antenna solutions.

a. Space limitation scenario: In the actual project construction, two or six antennas may not
be installed because the space is limited (The antenna for three cells should be installed
in one platform.) In this case, the GSM and UMTS networks must adopt the two-port
co-antenna or four-port co-antenna solution to reduce the requirements for space. The
four-port co-antenna solution is preferred to the two-port co-antenna solution. When the
four-port antenna is used, the electric tilt angles of the GSM and UMTS systems can be
adjusted independently. This ensures the performance of the GSM and UMTS systems to
the maximum extent. When the four-port co-antenna solution is adopted, the azimuth
angle of the four-port antenna is set according to the azimuth angle of the existing GSM
network, the GSM down tilt angle is set according to the down tilt angle of the live
network, and the UMTS down tilt angel is set according to the network planning.
b. Pole space limited scenario: One operator may own multiple network systems. These
network systems may share one pole in some cells, or the network systems of two
operators share one pole. In this case, there may not be sufficient space on the pole for
the installation of the UMTS antenna. At the site, however, the addition of another pole
is not allowed. Therefore, the UMTS network must share the antenna with the original
GSM network. Similar to the space limitation scenario, the four-port co-antenna solution
is preferentially adopted. The azimuth angle of the four-port antenna is set according to
the azimuth angle of the existing GSM network, the GSM down tilt angle is set
according to the down tilt angle of the live network, and the UMTS down tilt angel is set
according to the network planning.
c. Tower top bearing limitation scenario: In the actual project construction, the bearing
capability of the space or tower top may be limited. In this case, the two-port co-antenna
solution must be adopted to reduce the bearing of the space and tower, and the security is
ensured.
If the customer pays more attention to the network construction cost and has no strict
requirement of network performance, the two-port co-antenna solution is recommended due
to the cost-effectiveness of co-antenna in perspectives such as antenna material cost, labor
cost, and space rent.

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The usage policy of two-port co-antenna solution in non-SRAN scenario is consistent with
that in SRAN scenario.

4.5.2 Antenna Application Strategies in Rural Scenarios


In rural scenarios, the performance loss is relatively small and there is no demanding
requirement for performance. Therefore, the two-port co-antenna solution is recommended.
For details, refer to the GU Co-Antenna Networking Solution.

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5 Post-Refarming GSM Performance


Optimization

The KPI reduction of the GSM is mainly affected by the decrease of bandwidth. (The impact
of UMTS on the CS services of GSM can be neglected.) In the GSM network, the risk lead by
the KPI reduction after the post-Refarming frequency bandwidth is reduced by 3.8 to 5 MHz
needs to be considered.

5.1 Reduction in GSM900 Configuration


After Refarming, the GSM frequency is reduced. The customer must implement configuration
reduction or frequency reuse improvement. The GU 2.0 MHz solution is applicable to the
customer whose spectrum is not too much. Therefore, configuration reduction and frequency
reuse improvement are required simultaneous ly in multiple scenarios. To reduce the
interference, you are advised to use RF frequency hopping at the TCH layer, not to use the
ARFCNs within 5 MHz as the BCCH. The following table lists the highest site type of the
GSM after the 3.8 MHz is allocated for Refarming of different operators.

Possible Site Possible Site Highest Site


Type Before Type Before Type After GSM
UMTS Bandwidth
Refarming (4 x 3) Refarming (RF Refarming (RF
Site Type of Operator
Frequency Frequency
Hopping) Hopping)

S111 7.4 MHz S333 S555 S222


S111 8.6 MHz S433 S666 S333

S111 9.8 MHz S444 S777 S444

After Refarming, the configuration reduction is unavoidable. To release the impact on


performance, the GSM900 can increase the percentage of HR, or perform traffic transfer to
the GSM1800 or UMTS cells.

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5.2 HR Percentage Increase


The HR voice service uses new voice coding/decoding algorithms to reduce the rate of codec
to about half of the full rate (FR). In this way, one TS that supports one call in FR mode can
support two calls in HR mode.

The HR algorithm greatly improves the network capacity without changing the carrier
configurations. The QoE, however, is degraded because the voice quality deteriorates when
the HR technology is used. The AMR-HR channels, occupying half the air interface
bandwidth of the FR channels, support voice quality equivalent to that supported by the FR
channels. Therefore, the AMR-HR technology improves the system capacity effectively. In
addition, the AMR does not affect the network KPI. HR is often used together with the AMR.

Increasing the HR percentage can partly solve the problem of quality deterioration after
Refarming.

NOTE
The HR feature requires the support of UE. The AM R function requires the support of the core network
and controlled by the License.

5.3 Traffic Transfer


After the GSM900 configuration is lowed, the GSM900 traffic can be preferentially
transferred to the co-sited GSM1800 cell.

If there is no GSM1800 network that is deployed at the same site with the GSM900 network,
check whether the UMTS2100 network is deployed at the same site with the GSM900. If the
UMTS2100 network is deployed at the same site with the GSM900, the GSM900 traffic can
be transferred to the UMTS2100 network. Also, after the UMTS900 network is deployed at
the same site with the GSM900 network, you can transfer the GSM900 traffic to the
UMTS900 network. Only the traffic of the GU dual-mode MSs can be transferred to the
UMTS system. The penetration rate of GU dual-mode MSs determines whether the traffic can
be transferred to the UMTS system.

If the UMTS network can share the traffic load, the 2G/3G interoperability parameters must
be considered.
Principle
 Since the inter-RAT handover success rate is low, the 2G-to-3G handover is not allowed.
 The MS preferentially camps on a 3G cell and can reselec t between a 2G cell and a 3G
cell.
After Refarming, the advantages and disadvantages of different performance improvement
methods are as follows:

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Performance
No. Advantages Disadvantages
Improvement Method
 MSs that do not
 Parameters are used to support HR may
enable the function. exist in the network;
 Frequency can be therefore, the
planned in looser mode. percentage of HR
1 HR+AMR cannot be too high.
 Network quality and the
KPI can be ensured.  AMR ratio is
 The network capacity controlled by the
gain is obvious. license which must
be paid.
 Network quality can be Traffic transfer cannot
Guiding traffic transfer to ensured. be implemented
the UMTS network  The networking can be instantly, which may
2
and reduce the GSM conveniently cause a high
configuration implemented and congestion rate in the
planned. short time.
 The GSM1800
 Network quality can be
network construction
Adding GSM1800 ensured.
cost is increased.
configuration and  The networking can be
3  The live network
transfer the traffic to the conveniently
GSM1800 may not be planned
implemented and
with the GSM1800
planned.
continuous coverage.

5.4 RRU Co-Site Cell


To perform the GU 2.0 MHz feature in rural scenario, the RRU co-site cell solution can be
used. Featuring the increase of frequency reuse distance and low requirement of capacity, this
solution can be used to resolve the problem of failure in implementing the coverage of three
cells due to the decrease of GSM frequencies after 3.8 MHz is allocated for Refarming.

The RRU co-site cell solution in rural scenario indicates that the three co-site cells are
configured as one logical cell. The directional antenna used by each cell has different
azimuths. Each cell uses one RRU, that is, a subsite. Theoretically, when the RRU co-site cell
feature is used, only seven ARFCNs are required to implement the continuous coverage.
However, as the three subsites share the carriers, the capacity is smaller than that when the
three independent cells are configured in a network.

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Coverage mode of RRU co-site cell

When the coverage in rural areas is configured in co-site cell mode, the frequency planning
method is flexibly used based on the coverage scale and extension status of the co-site cells.
The coverage frequency resources in rural areas are usually sufficient. Therefore, the remote
frequency planning in co-site mode has little effect on the network.

When multiple cells are combined in a macro base station, the combined macro base station
can be planned as an omnidirectional cell.

If multiple macro base stations are configured in co-site cell mode, the frequency planning is
affected. The coverage scale of single cell is enlarged. The number of ARFCNs used in co-site
mode is smaller than that before the co-site cell mode is performed. However, more
neighboring cells are related because the coverage scale is increased. The selection scale of
ARFCNs is decreased, and the frequency planning becomes difficult.

For a user in the co-site cell coverage area, only the subsite with the best quality is used for
transmission. A smaller transmission scale indicates a smaller interference scale. In other
words, the interference is effectively reduced when compared with the optical fiber repeater
remote coverage.

This solution is not applicable to the mute problems during IP transmission or TDM
transmission in GU co-RRU mode. The co-site cell solution is already used in Poland's P4.
For details, see chapter 8.

5.5 Channel Configuration


1. (Required) Each GSM cell supports up to one interference ARFCN with GU 2.0 MHz as the
interval in sandwich frequency allocation mode.

If the sandwich frequency allocation mode is adopted, GSM ARFCNs adjacent to the UMTS
appear in pairs. If several GSM ARFCNs adjacent to the UMTS are configured in the same
cell, the cell is more easily interfered by the UMTS. As a result, the performance of the cell is
much lower than that of other cells. In addition, the UMTS cell sharing the same coverage
with the GSM cell is severely interfered. If the GSM ARFCNs adjacent to the UMTS are
distributed in different cells, the mutual interference between the GSM and the UMTS can be
equalized. Therefore, GSM ARFCNs adjacent to the UMTS should be separated
geographically to equalize the network quality and to avoid poor performance (much poorer
than the overall network performance) in one or two cells due to severe interference.

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2. (Required) BCCH carrier can be configured only on the GSM ARFCN which is over 5 MHz
away from the UMTS.
The protocol specifies that the power control function is disabled at all timeslots of the BCCH
carrier during service initiation to guarantee successful access of subscribers. The GSM
ARFCN with power control disabled causes severe interference to both the uplink and the
downlink of the adjacent UMTS.
3. (Required) GSM PDCH must be deployed at the BCCH carrier.

In the GSM, frequency planning of the PDCH should meet strict requirements. The PDCH is
often deployed at the BCCH carrier. In the case of huge demands for data services, operators
may configure an independent GPRS or EDGE carrier. In such cases, a loose frequency reuse
pattern is required to mitigate interference. The PDCH does not support downlink power
control, and the PDCH deployed at a GSM ARFCN adjacent to the UMTS interferes with the
UMTS downlink.

4. (Required) Interference suppression methods must be adopted when the GSM ARFCN
adjacent to the UMTS is configured as the TCH carrier.
The power control function and DTX must be enabled.
5. (Optional) RF frequency hopping must be enabled at the TCH layer.

6. (Optional) Do not use frequencies with non-standard separation in the cell where large UMTS
capacity is required.

The high-order coding scheme requires high-quality signals and is more sensitive to
interference signals.

5.6 GU Interoperation
The GU interoperation policy in GU 2.0 MHz mode is similar to that of 2G/3G interoperation
policy. The following principles are available:

1. Camp policy: 3G subscribers preferentially camp on the UMTS900 network. 2G subscribers


camp on the GSM900 network. 3G subscribers that currently camp on the GSM900 network
can fast return to the UMTS900 network as required.

2. Handover policy: The handover based on coverage between the GSM900 and UMTS900 is
supported.

3. Load handover policy: The GSM cells with heavy load can hand over the subscribers to the
UMTS cells with light load by using the inter-RAT load handover algorithm.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 6 GU 2.0 MHz Performance Impact and Gain

6 GU 2.0 MHz Performance Impact and


Gain

The data of performance affect and gain in this chapter is mainly based on the actual data
obtained from the lab test and the customer pilot 118 in rural scenario. The test is
implemented for single user in flatland areas in continuous coverage mode. The average
distance between sites is 3.2 km.

6.1 Performance Impact


6.1.1 UMTS 3.8 MHz Performance
HSDPA CAT8 HSUPA CAT6 Performance
Performance

Peak rate 3.5 Mbps 2.0 Mbps


Note: Gaussian channel Note: Because the level of GSM MS in the initial
access phase is too big, the interference on the
UMTS accounts for 5% to 10% of the total. The
HSUPA rate suddenly reduces to about 100
kbit/s.
Compared to the UMTS 3.8 MHz 35% 40%
cell with the worst performance,
the average rate loss of UMTS
Only 5 MHz cell
Average rate loss of UMTS Only 25% 30%
5 MHz cell at network level
comparison of UMTS 3.8 MHz

Due to the interference of GSM MS, the RTWP of the UMTS 3.8 MHz system is higher than
that on the UMTS Only network.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 6 GU 2.0 MHz Performance Impact and Gain

6.1.2 GSM Network Performance in the Case of GU 2.0 MHz


Separation
The GSM network performance is affected when the 3.8 MHz frequency is not used for the
GSM network. The output of performance reduction is generated based on the intelligent KPI
baseline tool of the GSM BSS wireless network.
The impact of UMTS 3.8 MHz to the GSM performance is reflected by the reduction of MOS
of 0.15.

6.2 Performance Gain


Compared to the UMTS 5 MHz frequency, when the UMTS 3.8 MHz frequency is used, the
network performance loss is larger. However, performance gain exists when the UMTS 3.8
MHz compared to the GSM 3.8 MHz frequency.

For example, S333 can be used in the networking of the GSM 3.8 MHz frequency. Based on
the official data of network design, suppose the EDGE peak rate is calculated by using the
MCS9, the average EDGE rate is calculated by using the MCS6, the gain of EDGE compared
with the UMTS 3.8 MHz is as follows:
Rural scenario

HSDPA CAT8 HSUPA CAT6


Performance Performance

UMTS 3.8 MHz gain compared 252% 144%


with the EDGE peak rate
Average rate gain of UMTS 3.8 418% 201%
MHz cell with the worst
performance compared with the
EDGE cell
Average rate gain of UMTS 3.8 475% 245%
MHz at network level compared
with the EDGE

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 7 Acceptance Criteria for GU 2.0 M Hz Test

7 Acceptance Criteria for GU 2.0 MHz Test

7.1 Acceptance Scenario


In the acceptance scenario of UMTS 3.8 MHz, the following features are considered:
1. GU SDR module is used.

2. The UMTS900 and the GSM900 have same coverage, that is, 1:1 GU co-located sites are
used.

NOTE
In GU non-cosited scenario, if the coverage of GSM BTS and UM TS NodeB is equal-sized, the UMTS
UE transmits signals at full power in GO cells. This blocks the GSM BTS and causes invalid coverage
of GSM .

3. GSM subscribers are evenly distributed.


4. Non-standard bandwidth of GSM is used at the TCH layer. PD/SD channels are used for
non-interference ARFCNs.

5. Terminals with the type of Category 8 (DPA Cat8 and UPA Cat6) are used for acceptance.
(Data of performance impact is obtained based on this type of terminal.)

7.2 Test Method and Acceptance Criteria


See references [12] and [13].

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 8 Application Case of Poland's P4

8 Application Case of Poland's P4

8.1 Application Scenario and Scale


In the test area, 14 GSM BTSs and 14 UMTS NodeBs are deployed in 1:1 GU co-located
mode. 13 GSM900s and 13 UMTS900s are collocated. One GSM900 and one UMTS2100
(not UMTS900) are collocated. The number of collocated GSM900, UMTS900, and
UMTS2100 is 4.
Figure 8-1 shows the site distribution and the scenario.

Figure 8-1 Site distribution of P4 test area


20d00mE 20d30mE

975
998
976 998
978 996 LOW4410C
LOW4410
999 LOW3302C
LOW3302
KUT3320 975 975
LOW4420
LOW4420B
999 LOW3303
976 994 975 999
976 998 976 998
976 998 999 976 998
975 999
975
977 999 LOW4430
LOW4430A
999
976 998 976 998 998
KUT3304C
KUT3304 LOW4440A
LOW4440
KUT3301C
KUT3301
KUT3302B
KUT3302
KUT3303
976 998 999 999
LOW4401C
LOW4401
52d00mN

980 995 997 975 975


KUT3310A
KUT3310 975 998976 998 998 998
51d30mN

975 999
976 998
976 998
LCZ4401A
LCZ4401

975 999 975 999

19d30mE 20d00mE

The test is implemented in the rural area 200 km away from Warsaw. Two towns are included.
The distance between sites varies from 2 km to 20 km. The average distance between s ites is
larger than 5 km.

The entire network of P4 uses Huawei equipment. The equipment modules are mainly V1 and
V2. The software version is SRAN6.0.

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8.2 Feature Enabling Plan

To enable the feature, do as follows:


1. Implement U4.2M acceptance of the live network.

2. Perform handover of UMTS filter, and enable the power control and active power control
functions. Then perform functional acceptance of single cell.
3. Add the additional ARFCNs to the GSM.
4. Verify the optional solution of UMTS 3.8 MHz: HSUPA anti-interference algorithm.

8.3 GU Frequency Allocation and Channel Configuration


In the P4, the customer has 5 MHz frequency. The sandwich frequency allocation mode is
adopted, as shown in Figure 8-2.

Figure 8-2 GU frequency allocation mode of P4


UMTS network
GSM network 2.0M 2.0M GSM network

975976 977 2938 997998999

Totally 6 ARFCNs are included in the GSM network. 4 ARFCNs (975\976\998\999) are used
for the BCCH. The two GSM frequencies that are deployed most near to the UMTS carrier
are configured as the TCH. Static PDCH (only one is configured) and SDCCH are configured
at the BCCH carrier. Other TCH channels are configured as dynamic PD. The conversion
threshold of TCH HR and FR is 10. That is, the HR channel is allocated when the second user
accesses the network. For GSM cells, up to two carriers can be configured.

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8.4 GU Interference Solution


The GU 2.0 MHz feature interference solution includes PCIII and optimization, active power
control, DTX, and optional HSUPA algorithm. On the live network of P4, the
uplink/downlink DTX and active power control are enabled. The power control algorithm
used in the P4 is G2 power control. However, as the customer purchased PCIII, the PCIII
needs to be enabled before the handover of UMTS 3.8 MHz filter. The PCIII is configured
based on the parameter configuration baseline provided in section 4.2.1 . In addition, PCIII
and optimization must also be enabled. Do not change the parameters of active power control
and DTX in the original network. In GU 2.0 MHz scenario, the major verification conclusion
of PCIII and optimization is as follows: After the PCIII and optimization is enabled, the KPI
does not change. The uplink/downlink HQ and level are increased. The uplink RQ
around-the-clock is increased by 0.15%. The downlink RQ is increased by 0.25%. The
percentage of uplink receive level that is higher than –75 dBm is increased by 1.5%. However,
the overall percentage of uplink receive level that is higher than –75 dBm is still lower than
5%.

8.5 GU Buffer Zone


During the implementation of U4.2M, the customer of P4 plans the buffer zone as required
based on the following principles :
1. The width of buffer zone must be at least 20 km.

2. Drive test is performed in the test area. The received downlink level outside the buffer zone is
lower than –102 dBm.
3. The preceding two principles must be followed simultaneous ly.

During the UMTS 3.8 MHz test, the cells used in U4.2M test remain. However, the buffer
zone changes. In the buffer zone, 4.2 MHz frequency is available in some cells successively.
The cells do not direct to the test area. In Figure 8-3, two UMTS 4.2MHz cells are enabled in
the original buffer zone. This causes no impact on the performanc e of the test area. However,

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the test area interferes with the cells in the buffer zone. These two cells are located on the
border of Warsaw city and Kutno County to expand the coverage. Because these two cells are
far away from the test route, the customer does not concern about the performance of cells in
the buffer zone.

Figure 8-3 Case of buffer zone in P4

The buffer zone solution at 4.2 MHz of P4 is similar to Huawei's buffer zone solution.
However, compared to the buffer zone solution of Huawei, the principles of P4 solution is
simpler, and the planned buffer zone is more consecutive. The buffer zone used in UMTS 3.8
MHz scenario is used in the U4.2M scenario. A few 4.2 MHz cells are enabled in the original
buffer zone. Therefore, the buffer zone is not a typical buffer zone.

8.6 GU Antenna Solution


The Poland customer agrees with the co-antenna solution. All cells deployed in GU common
mode use the co-antenna solution. To perform broad coverage in the rural scenario, the cells
in GSM single-mode networking and UMTS single-mode networking use separate antenna.
The GU azimuth angles are the same.

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8.7 GSM Frequency Replanning


After the handover from U4.2M to UMTS 3.8 MHz is implemented, two GSM ARFCNs are
added to the live network. Because most GSM BTSs in the test area are DRRUs, no more
carriers can be added. Therefore, to shorten the project period, only GU2.0 MHz ARFCNs are
added based on this solution. The RRU and carrier are not added. After the frequencies with
non-standard separation area added, the number of GU2.0 MHz cells in the test area increased
to 11. The number of adjacent cells at neighboring frequency is increased by 3. After the
frequency replanning, the top KPI of GSM is not deteriorated. The downlink receive quality is
not substantially affected. The average RTWP is not significantly changed. The downlink
throughput rate at cell level is not deteriorated. The uplink throughput rate is reduced by about
2%.

The frequency replanning is implemented in small scale and mainly concentrates on the
change of ARFCNs. Therefore, the operation is performed by using the U-net.

8.8 GSM Performance Optimization


In the UMTS 3.8 MHz scenario of Poland's P4, the GU 2.0 MHz feature is used together with
the RRU co-site cell feature. This increases the frequency reuse distance. The frequencies are
used infrequently. However, the limitation of frequency resources cannot be resolved. This
feature is applicable to the high-speed railway and indoor distribution scenarios. In three
sector scenario in rural areas, this feature is seldom used. Because the major application
objective is to perform broad coverage and increase the frequency reuse distance when the
requirement of capacity is not high. For example, when the frequency reuse is 4 x 3, at least
2.4 MHz frequency is required for S111. When the frequency reuse is 1 x 3, at least 1.2 MHz
frequency is required for S111. In RRU co-site cell mode, only one ARFCN is required for a
single site. When frequency reuse is considered, at least 1.4 MHz frequency is required.
However, the frequency reuse distance is larger than that of the single site in 1 x 3 mode.

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Figure 8-4 Schematic drawing of frequency reuse distance

8.9 Major Test Conclusion


 In certain scenario, when certain performance loss is permitted, the GU 2.0 MHz feature
can be used in commercial operation.
(For details about the scenario limitation, see chapter 2.)
 In P4, the rate of HSPA service is limited. The current test result of UMTS 3.8 MHz
indicates that the requirement of customer can be satisfied.
 In the scenario where GSM RRU is configured in co-site mode, and the MR processing
function is enabled, you are not advised to use the GU 2.0 MHz feature.

8.9.1 Drive Test KPIs


Table 8-1 lists the major drive test KPI. The test data coverage is filtered based on the
condition: Ec/Io ≥ –12 AND RSCP ≥ –105

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Table 8-1 Drive test KPIs of P4 customer pilot


3G DT KPI U900 4.2 MHz BW U900 3.8M BW

Voice Call Setup Success Rate 99.32% (145/146) 99.40% (165/166)


Voice Call Drop Rate 1.56% (2/128) 2.42% (3/165)

PESQ 862.1 M2M 3.6 3.5


SHO Success Rate 99.34% (299/301) 99.24% (260/262)

Video Call Setup Success Rate 100% (58/58) 96.55% (84/87)


Video Call Drop Rate 0% (0/58) 3.6% (3/84)

8.9.2 Traffic Statistics KPIs


Table 8-2 Call setup success rate of network KPI
UCELL Group -- worst (8cells) U4.2 U3.8 Absolute Relative Class

Loss Loss

RRC.SuccConnEstab.Service.Cell.Rate 98.90% 99.10% 0.20% 18.18% CSSR

RAB.SuccEstabCS.AMR.Cell.Rate 98.78% 98.15% -0.63% -51.64% CSSR

RAB.SuccEstabPS.Cell.Rate 99.63% 99.70% 0.07% 18.92% CSSR

HSDPA.RAB.SuccEstab.Rate 99.62% 99.69% 0.07% 18.42% CSSR

HSUPA.RAB.SuccEstab.Rate 99.63% 99.72% 0.09% 24.32% CSSR

In this table: Absolute Loss calculate as {U3.8 – U4.2};

Relative Loss calculate as {(U3.8 – U4.2)/(1 – U4.2) x 100%}

Table 8-3 Call drop rate of network KPI


UCELL Group -- worst (8cells) U4.2 U3.8 Absolute Relative Class

Loss Loss

VS.CS.AMR.Call.Drop.Cell.Rate 2.15% 2.87% -0.72% -33.49% CDR

VS.PS.Call.Drop.Cell.Rate 2.55% 2.90% -0.35% -13.73% CDR

VS.HSDPA.RAB.AbnormRel.Rate 0.79% 1.17% -0.38% -48.10% CDR

VS.HSUPA.RAB.AbnormRel.Rate 0.71% 1.11% -0.40% -56.34% CDR

In this table: Absolute Loss calculate as {U4.2 – U3.8};

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Relative Loss calculate as {(U4.2 – U3.8)/U4.2 x 100%}

Table 8-4 Handover success rate of network KPI


UCELL Group -- worst (8cells) U4.2 U3.8 Absolute Relative Class

Loss Loss

VS.HHO.InterFreq.Out.Cell.Rate 98.62% 92.94% -5.68% -411.59% HHO

VS.IRATHO.SuccOutCS.Cell.Rate 95.73% 94.11% -1.62% -37.94% HHO

VS.SHO.Success.Cell.Rate 99.91% 99.80% -0.11% -122.22% SHO

VS.HSDPA.ServCellChg.Succ.Rate 99.79% 99.65% -0.14% -66.67% SHO

VS.HSUPA.EDCH.SHO.Succ.Ratio 99.93% 99.91% -0.02% -28.57% SHO

In this table: Absolute Loss calculate as {U3.8 – U4.2};

Relative Loss calculate as {(U3.8 – U4.2)/(1 – U4.2) x 100%}

8.9.3 Throughput Rate of Single User


Table 8-5 lists the comparison of 16QAM throughout put of single user.

Table 8-5 Comparison of HSPA throughput of single user in 5/4.2/3.8 MHz modes
Near Point Middle Point Far Point
Single User Throughput
(RSCP = –60) (RSCP = –80) (RSCP = –90)

4.2 MHz 6221.6 kbit/s 5963.23 kbit/s 3988.59 kbit/s


(CQI = 25.03, std dev = (CQI = 21.89, std dev = (CQI = 18.56, std dev =
UMTS900
1.8) 1.53) 1.3)

3.8 MHz 4401.35 kbit/s 4295.25 kbit/s 2963.67 kbit/s

(CQI = 20.52, std dev = (CQI = 18.7, std dev = (CQI = 15.87, std dev =
UMTS900
0.9) 1.5) 1.7)

5 MHz 6278.16 kbit/s 5899.55 kbit/s 3757.81 kbit/s


(CQI = 25.19, std dev = (CQI = 20.29, std dev = (CQI = 17.64, std dev =
UMTS2100 for reference
0.6) 0.65) 1)

Table 8-6 lists the comparison of 64QAM throughout put of single user.

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Table 8-6 Comparison of HSPA+ throughput of single user in 5M/4.2M/3.8M modes

Near Point Middle Point Far Point


Single User Throughput
(RSCP = –60) (RSCP = –80) (RSCP = –90)

4.2 MHz 12510.18 kbit/s 7840.79 kbit/s 5024.78 kbit/s

(CQI = 28.13, std dev = (CQI = 22.28, std dev = (CQI = 18.6, std dev =
UMTS 900
1.7) 2.7) 1.8)

3.8 MHz 8075.57 kbit/s 5253.23 kbit/s 3828.59 kbit/s


(CQI = 23.8, std dev = (CQI = 19.61, std dev = (CQI = 15.93, std dev =
UMTS900
1.6) 2.5) 1.1)
5 MHz 12366.07 kbit/s 7831.89 kbit/s 4412.77 kbit/s
(CQI = 27.89, std dev = (CQI = 22.22, std dev = (CQI = 17.72, std dev =
UMTS2100 for reference
0.7) 2.2) 1.7)

Table 8-7 lists the performance loss of UMTS 3.8 MHz when being compared with UMTS 4.2
MHz.

Table 8-7 Performance loss of UMTS 3.8 MHz when compared to U4.2M
Near Point Middle Point Far Point
Single User
Throughput (RSCP = –60) (RSCP = –80) (RSCP = –90)

16QAM 29.26% 27.97% 23.19%

64QAM 35.45% 33.00% 23.81%

Compared to the UMTS 4.2MHz, the average performance loss of 16QAM in UMTS 3.8
MHz mode is 26%, and the average performance loss of 64QAM is 31%.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 8 Application Case of Poland's P4

Table 8-8 Comparison of HSUPA throughput of single user in 5M/4.2M/3.8M UMTS Cat5
modes

MAC-e Available Rate Point 1 Point 2 Point 3

1952.09 kbit/s 1951.65 kbit/s 1951.39 kbit/s


4.2 MHz UMTS900
(Tx power = –13.82) (Tx power = –0.44) (Tx power = 11.57)

1945.21 kbit/s 1943.05 kbit/s 1940.32 kbit/s


3.8 MHz UMTS900
(Tx power = –13.23) (Tx power = 2.26) (Tx power = 15.36)

5 MHz 1960.34 kbit/s 1957.55 kbit/s 1918.91 kbit/s


UMTS2100 for reference (Tx power = –10.42) (Tx power = 6.46) (Tx power = 20)

For HSUPA users, with the increase of path loss at the middle point and far point, the
transmission power must be increased to retain the SNR. This can keep the rate unchanged.

The transmission power in U4.2M mode is smaller than that in UMTS 3.8 MHz mode at the
same point. Because the interference on UMTS 4.2 MHz is smaller than that on UMTS 3.8
MHz.

8.10 Problem to be Resolved


The mute problem during inter-section fast moving
 Scenario: RRU co-site cells, UMTS 3.8 MHz, and MR processing coexist. When the
subsite handover point moves fast, the mute problem occurs.
 Cause: When the RRU co-site function and the pre-processing function are enabled, the
duration of handover is too long. As a result, the interference of UMTS is big on the
GSM.
 Workaround:
1. Disable the MR processing function, optimize the power control parameters, and perform all
location groups transmit. The problem can be solved based on the onsite verification of P4.

2. Shorten the filter period of power control and use PCII handover algorithm. The effect of this
operation is under verification in lab test.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 9 Appendix

9 Appendix

9.1 Beta Test Result of GBSS8.1 Power Control Algorithm


9.1.1 PCIII and Optimization
 Basic KPIs: After the PCIII and optimization is enabled, the assignment success rate
changes (0.07% increased in D61, no change in T11, 0.76% increased in D62, and 0.06%
decreased in Hangzhou). The TCH call drop rate is decreased (0.05% decreased in D61,
0.06% decreased in T11, 0.23% decreased in D62, and 0.03% decreased in Hangzhou).
The handover RF success rate is increased (0.08% increased in D61, 0.03% increased in
T11, 1.27% increased in D62, 0.2% increased in Hangzhou).
 Power consumption: The average power level of MS/BTS is substantially increased.
The ratio of uplink/downlink maximum transmission power is substantially decreased.
 Interference: The interference indicators are substantially improved. The ratio of
acceptance quality 6-7 in the acceptance quality 0-7 is reduced.

9.1.2 Active Power Control


NOTE
In the scenario where interference is severe, the improvement of network KPI indicators is obvious.
 Analysis of common KPIs: The TCH call drop rate is decreased by 0.05%. Most other
basic indicators are not changed.
 Power consumption analysis: The ratio of uplink maximum transmission power is
decreased by 2.12%. The ratio of downlink maximum transmission power is decreased
by 1.94%.
 Interference analysis: The uplink FR DT quality is increased by 0.04%. The downlink
FR DT quality is increased by 0.05%. The uplink HR DT quality is increased by
0.27%. The downlink HR DT quality is increased by 0.27%. The uplink HQI is
improved by 0.09%. The downlink HQI is improved by 0.11%.

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 9 Appendix

9.2 Lab Test Result of GBSS9.0 Power Control Algorithm


9.2.1 Test Result of Power Control Algorithm on the BSC Side
 Common KPIs: After the active power control is enabled, the model is consistent with
that in PCIII and optimization mode, and the call setup success rate is not substantially
changed.
 Handover analysis: After the active power control is enabled, the outgoing handover
success rate of cell is increased by 0.24%, and various handover ratios are consistent.
 Power consumption analysis: After the active power control is enabled, the average
power level of MS/BTS is substantially increased (the power consumption is reduced),
and the uplink/downlink signal strength is substantially decreased.
 Interference analysis: After the active power control is enabled, the downlink HQI is
reduced by 0.03%. The uplink HQI is increased by 0.03%. The downlink DT quality is
increased by 0.03%. The uplink DT quality is increased by 0.02%.

9.2.2 Test Result of Power Control Algorithm on the BTS Side


NOTE
The compensation and filter in the test version may be incorrect. Therefore, the test result is different
with that on the BSC side.
 Common KPIs: The traffic model and call setup success rate are consistent with that
before the algorithm is enabled.
 Interactive analysis of handover: After the active power control is enabled, the
outgoing handover success rate of cell is increased by 0.18%, and various handover
ratios are consistent.
 Power consumption analysis: After the active power control is enabled, the average
power level of MS/BTS is substantially increased (the power consumption is reduced),
and the uplink/downlink signal strength is substantially decreased.
 Interference analysis: After the active power control is enabled, the downlink HQI is
reduced by 0.03%. The uplink HQI is increased by 0.02%. The downlink DT quality is
decreased by 0.02%. The uplink DT quality is decreased by 0.03%.

References
1. Requirement Analysis and Feature Design of SRAN6.0 UMTS3.8M Solution V1.2, an
internal Huawei document, Wang Wei, 2010.10

2. Breakdown and Allocation and Feature Specification of SRAN6.0, an internal Huawei


document, Wang Wei, 2010.10
3. GU Refarming Networking Solution 2.0, an internal Huawei document, Yang Liping, 2010.09

4. Introduction to SRAN6.0 GU 2.0 MHzHz Frequency Interval (UMTS 3.8 MHzHz) Feature,
an internal Huawei document, Lin Yongqian, 2011.02

5. GU 5 MHz Refarming Networking Solution of Poland’s P4, an internal Huawei document, Ji


Yongjun, 2010.09

6. SRAN Refarming GSM-UMTS Buffer Zone Solution V0.6_1, an internal Huawei document,
Deng Shoufeng, Wang Wei, 2010.11

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GU (U3.8M Hz)Refarming Netwo rking Solut ion 9 Appendix

7. Co-Antenna Network Solution for GSM and UMTS Systems, an internal Huawei document,
Ji Yongjun, 2009.11
8. Official Data about Performance of SRAN6.0 GU 2.0 MHzHz Frequency Interval (UMTS 3.8
MHzHz), an internal Huawei document, Xiong Bin, 2011.02
9. Test Report of GBSS8.1 Power Control Algorithm Beta V1.03, an internal Huawei document,
Liu Dangsuo, He Peng, 2009.07
10. Lab Test Report about Wireless Performance of GBSS9.0 Active Power Control, an internal
Huawei document, Liu Dangsuo, 2009.07

11. Power Control Parameters and Adjustment Methods, an internal Huawei document, Li
Suyuan, 2010.11

12. Lab Test Report about Performance of RAN6.0 GU 2.0 MHz Interval V1.0, an internal
Huawei document

13. MRFD-221703 2.0MHz Central Frequency Point Separation Between GSM and UMTS mode
(UMTS), an internal Huawei document

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