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Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories.

Conference Paper · June 2013

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Roland Heidrich
REFEL S.p.A.
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Contents
An Introduction to Fusion-  Application
Cast Refractories  Composition
 Microstructure
 Fundamental properties
 Production
 Preassembly and inspection

REFEL — The Competence in Fusion-Cast AZS Materials

R. P. Heidrich | 5 June 2013 | SGT Refractories Training Day


2 34 Heidrich — An Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories

Application Refractory Oxides


Melting temperature iin °C

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Refractory Oxides Ternary System Al2O3-ZrO2-SiO2


Melting temperatture in °C

See Budnikov and Litvakovskii 1956

Alkaline Neutral Acidic


pH value

5 34 Heidrich — An Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories 6 34 Heidrich — An Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories

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Chemical Composition Mineralogical Composition
Zirconia Corundum Glassy Phase
ZrO2 SiO2 Al2O3 Na2O

REFEL 1532 32,70 15,20 50,70 1,15 REFEL 1532 32,00 48,00 20,00

REFEL 1334S 36,50 13,60 48,60 1,05 REFEL 1334S 36,00 46,50 17,50

REFEL 1334SC 36,50 9,00 53,50 0,80 REFEL 1334SC 36,00 51,00 13,00

REFEL 1240 41,00 12,20 45,55 1,00 REFEL 1240 40,50 43,00 16,50

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Microstructure — Scanning electron image Microstructure — Pseudo-colour image

Zirconia Zirconia (red)

Corundum Corundum (yellow)

Glassy phase Glassy phase (blue)

9 34 Heidrich — An Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories Image width 0,4 mm 10 34 Heidrich — An Introduction to Fusion-Cast Refractories Image width 0,4 mm

Thermal Expansion Corrosion Resistance

Alpha Al2O3
ate index
%)
∆l/l (%

Corrosion ra

Temperature °C °C
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Corrosion Resistance Production Cycle

AZS Interface layer Glass

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Raw Material Casting — Shrinkage cavity

• Al2O3 Alumina
• ZrO2 Zirconia
Feeder
• ZrSiO4 Zircon
• Na2CO3 Sodium Carbonate Cavity

• In-house fused cast AZS scrap

Block

Freudenberg 1989
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Casting Techniques — Evolution Casting Techniques — From Mould to Block

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Mould Production Mould Production

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Casting Casting

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Hot Extraction Annealing

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Cutting Grinding

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Preassembly Preassembly

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Preassembly Preassembly

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Special Products — Complex Shapes Special Products — Molybdenum Composite

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Summary Many Thanks for Your Attention!


 High purity raw material
 Controlled process parameter
 Sophisticated mould making www.rhi-ag.com
 Accurate saw and grind
REFEL S.p.A. — a RHI AG Company
Contact:
Via Tolmezzo 4, Zona Industriale Ponte Rosso, 33078 San Vito al Tagliamento, Italy
= Guarantee high performance refractory properties. Tel: +39 0434 849-111, E-Mail: roland.heidrich@rhi-ag.com

Important notice:
These materials do not constitute or form part, or all, of any offer of invitation to sell or issue, or any solicitation of any offer to purchase or subscribe for,
REFEL — The Competence in Fusion-Cast AZS Materials any securities in any jurisdiction in which such solicitation, offer or sale would be unlawful, nor shall part, or all, of these materials form the basis of, or be
relied on in connection with, any contract or investment decision in relation to any securities.

These materials contain forward-looking statements based on the currently held beliefs and assumptions of the management of RHI AG (“RHI”), which
are expressed in good faith and, in their opinion, reasonable. Theses statements may be identified by words such as “expectation” or “target” and similar
expressions, or by their context. Forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause the
actual results, financial condition, performance, or achievements of RHI to differ materially from the results, financial condition, performance or
achievements express or implied by such forward-looking statements. Given these risks, uncertainties and other factors, recipients of this document are
cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. RHI disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements to
reflect future events or developments.

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