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You are on page 1of 5

Topics covered: Dimensions, Vectors, Kinematics, Newton’s Laws and its applications

(excluding Uniform Circular Motion), Work and Energy, Properties of

matter (elasticity, surface tension, kinetic theory of gases), Fluid

Mechanics (pressure, Archimedes principle, Viscosity, Bernoulli’s

equation), thermal conduction.

General Rules:

The question paper consists of 26 questions divided in to two parts. The first part

consists of short answer type questions from the entire syllabus and the second part

consists of long-answer type questions from selected topics.

You have to attempt any 10 questions from section 1. (You can attempt all, in which

case the best 10 will be considered)

Each answer should be well explained. Omission of important steps will lead to marks

deduction. Numerical type questions and derivations should be properly explained and

care should be taken to introduce each symbol and/or abbreviations/acronyms used.

Neatness and good handwriting aren’t exactly the same. A good handwriting often

increases neatness but if you have somehow developed a bad handwriting, you can still

be neat.

Section 1 (Answer any 10)

1) If acceleration due to gravity g, the speed of light c, and pressure p are taken as the

fundamental quantities then find the dimensions of length.

2) A train is moving with velocity 3i + 4j relative to the ground. A bullet is fired in the train

with velocity 15i - 6j relative to the train. What is the bullets' velocity relative to the

ground?

4) A stone is thrown vertically upward from the roof of a building. Does the position of the

stone depend on the location chosen for the origin of the coordinate system? Does the

stone’s velocity depend on the choice of origin? Explain your answers.

5) Under what circumstances would a nonzero vector lying in the X-Y plane have

components that are equal in magnitude?

6) A baseball is thrown with an initial velocity of (10i + 15j) m/s. When it reaches the top of

its trajectory, what are (a) its velocity and (b) its acceleration? Neglect the effect of air

resistance.

7) Suppose a truck loaded with sand accelerates along a highway. If the driving force on

the truck remains constant, what happens to the truck’s acceleration if its trailer leaks

sand at a constant rate through a hole in its bottom?

8) A book is given a brief push to make it slide up a rough incline. It comes to a stop and

slides back down to the starting point. Does it take the same time to go up as to come

down? If no, then which is faster? What if the incline is frictionless?

9) You are working in a library, re-shelving books. You lift a book from the floor to the top

shelf. The kinetic energy of the book on the floor was zero, and the kinetic energy of the

book on the top shelf is zero, so there is no change in kinetic energy. Yet you did some

work in lifting the book. Is the work–kinetic energy theorem violated?

10) Lead has a greater density than iron, and both are denser than water. Is the buoyant

force on a lead object greater than, less than, or equal to the buoyant force on an iron

object of the same volume?

11) A drop of fluid, under no external force, acquires a spherical shape. Why?

Section 2

13)

i. Two towns A and B are connected by a regular bus service with a bus leaving in

either direction every T minutes. A man cycling with a speed of 20 km h–1 in the

direction A to B notices that a bus goes past him every 18 min in the direction of

his motion, and every 6.0 min in the opposite direction. What is the period T of

the bus service and with what speed (assumed constant) do the buses ply on the

road? [5]

light in 40.0 m before it coasts for 60.0 m to a target. (a) What is the electron’s

acceleration during the first 40.0 m? (b) How long does the total flight take? [3]

iii. A girl delivering newspapers covers her route by traveling 3.00 blocks west, 4.00

blocks north, and then 6.00 blocks east. (a) What is her resultant displacement?

(b) What is the total distance she travels? [2]

14)

i. Inside a starship at rest on the earth, a ball rolls off the top of a horizontal table

and lands a distance D from the foot of the table. This starship now lands on the

unexplored planet X. The commander, Captain Curious, rolls the same off the

same table with the same initial speed as on earth and finds that it lands a

distance 2.76D from the foot of the table. What is the acceleration due to gravity

on planet X? [6]

ii. A block of mass 3.00 kg is pushed up against a wall by a force P that makes a

50.0° angle with the horizontal as shown in Figure Q.14.ii. The coefficient of

static friction between the block and the wall is 0.250. Determine the maximum

and minimum values for the magnitude of P that allow the block to remain

stationary. [4]

50.0°

Fig Q.14.ii

15)

i. A bullet of mass 0.01 kg is fired horizontally into a 4.0 kg wooden block at rest on

a horizontal surface. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the

surface is 0.25. The bullet remains embedded in the block and the combination

moves 20 m before coming to rest. With what speed did the bullet strike the

block? [3]

ii. A 20.0 kg cannon ball is fired from a cannon with muzzle speed of 1000 m/s at an

angle of 37.0° with the horizontal. A second ball is fired at an angle of 90.0°. Use

the conservation of energy principle to find (a) the maximum height reached by

each ball and (b) the total mechanical energy at the maximum height for each

ball. Let y = 0 at the cannon. [4]

iii. Calculate the loss of energy when 27 drops of water each of radius 0.6 mm

coalesce to form a single drop. [3]

16)

i. A, B and C are three identical rods made of different materials and placed end to

end sideways. The thermal conductivity of A is twice that of B and four times

that of C. The free end of A is kept at 100°C and that of C is kept at 0°C. Find the

temperature of the AB junction and the BC junction. [4]

ii. Two ideal gases are at temperatures T1 and T2. If the number of molecules of

the two gases are n1 and n2 and the masses of the molecules m1 and m2, find

the resulting temperature when the two gases are mixed. Assume that there is

no loss of energy on mixing the two gases. [3]

iii. A flat plate is separated from a large plate by a layer of glycerine of thickness

3x10⁻³ m. If the coefficient of viscosity of glycerine is 2 Ns/m² what is the force

required to keep the p*late moving with a velocity of 6x10⁻² m/s. Area of the

plate is 4.8x10⁻³ m². [2]

iv. State Bernoulli’s theorem and explain the significance of it. [1]

17)

ii. Show that the pressure of an ideal gas is proportional to the number of

molecules per unit volume and to the average translational kinetic energy of the

molecules. [6]

--------- x ---------

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