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KARACHI UNIVERSITY BUSINESS SCHOOL

BUSINESS RESEARCH
SUBMITED TO PROF, DR. TAHIR
Research Definition With Refferences
ASSIGNMENT – 01 & 02

PIM 2.5 YEAR


MUHAMMAD ZUBAIR
S/O NOOR HASSAN
ROLL#08
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Research Definitions:

1-Research is a careful, systematic and objective investigation conducted to obtain valid facts,

draw conclusions and established principles regarding an identifiable problem in some

field of knowledge.

Reference: Clarke and Clarke

2-Research is systematic and objective analysis and recording of controlled observations that

may lead to the development of generalizations, principles, theories and concepts,

resulting in prediction for seeing and possibly ultimate control of event.

Reference: Best, John W. Research in Education, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi,

(1982)

3-Research is a careful enquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles, a diligent

investigation to ascertain something.

Reference: Clifford woody Director of the Bureau of Educational Reference and Research Years

at Michigan (1921 – 1948)


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4-It is the process of arriving at dependable solution to the problems through the planned and

systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data.

Reference: Mouley

5-In the broadest sense of the world, the definition of research includes any gathering of data,

information and fact for the advancement of knowledge.

Reference: Shuttle worth, Martyn (2008). "Definition of Research". Explorable.com. Retrieved

(14 August 2011)

6-Research is a process of steps used to collect and analyze information to increase our

understanding of a topic or issue. It consist of three steps: pose a question, collect data to

answer the question, and present an answer to the question.

Reference: John W. educational psychologist in the University of Nebraska–Lincoln &

University of Michigan in (2015)

7-A studious inquiry or examination especially investigation or experimentation aimed at the

discovery and interpretation of facts revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of

new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or law.

Reference: The Merriam Webster online dictionary


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8-Research is a systematic, formal, rigorous and precise process employed to gain solutions to

problems or to discover and interpret new facts and relationship.

Reference: Waltz and bausell, (1981) Nursing research: Design, statistics, and computer

analysis (1981)

9-Research is the process of looking for a specific answer to a specific question in an organized,

objective, reliable way.

Reference: Payton, (1979). Philadelphia, F.A. Davis Co (1979)

10-Research is systematic, controlled, empirical and criticle investigation of hypothetical

propositions about the presumed relations among natural phenomena.

Reference: Kerlinger, Fred N. (1973) Foundations of Behavioral Research. 2nd edition, New

York. Holt. Rinehand and Hinston.(1973)

11-Research is the pursuit of truth with the help of study, observation, comparison and

experiment the search for knowledge through objective and systematic method of finding

solutions to a problem.

Reference: C.R Kothari, 2006 former principal, College of Commerce University of rajhistan,

Jaipur india.(2006)
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