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Angelica E. Corral

Ms. Christine Lee Bayna.

Application of Intermolecular
Forces of Attraction in
Sports Equipment

 Spinning- acrylyonitrile plastic powder
is added to methyl acrylate to
 an interesting stretchy elastic artificial fibre. It is used to
make sports clothing including wetsuits, and with other fibres form polyacrylonitrate.
to make comfortable clothing with a snug fit, that helps to  Stabilising-chemical altered to convert
support muscles. Its structure has a stretchy section that
The optimum design of sports makes it soft and rubbery, and a rigid section (containing
linear atomic bonding to more
equipment requires the application of a substituted benzene rings and urea, –NHCONH–, functional thermally stable ladder bonding
groups) that makes it tougher than rubber. Different chains  Carbonising- once it is stablished, they are
number of disciplines, from anatomy to can form hydrogen bonds to one another that aligns the rigid heated up to 1000-3000 degrees
materials science, for enhanced performance segments in different chains in the fibres. Spandex is
lightweight but doesn’t get damaged by sunlight, sweat or without oxygen.
and to make the equipment as user-friendly detergents - all of which can make other materials wear  Treating the surface
as possible, to avoid injury. In designing  Sizing
sports equipment, the various characteristics
of materials must be considered including
strength, ductility,density, fatigue resistance,
toughness, modulus (damping), and cost. If
we want a material that features the highest
possible stiffness for the least possible  high strength to weight ratio
weight, we would select low density materials  a filament of carbon with a typical thickness  corrosion resistant
with the highest specific stiffness. of 1/10th of a human hair (5-10  electrically conductive
micrometers). It was first developed by Roger  high tensile strength
Bacon in 1958 by heating rayon strands. While
in 1960, the Japanese developed a new  low density
chemical process that is still use today. 1963,  ductile- under high temperature
W. Watt,N.L Phillips and W. Johnson realized  low coefficient of thermal expansion.
the high potential strength of Carbon Fiber.