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Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Agra

IET, Khandari Campus, Agra
IInd –Periodical Test, Odd Semester (2018-19)

Branch: ME Semester: Vth SEM Subject Code: E-556

Subject Name: Advanced Fluid Mechanics Max. Marks: 25 Time: 1 hr
Note: Attempt all the questions.

Q1.Objective type questions: ( 1 x 10 = 10marks)

i) The Blasius equation related to boundary layer theory is a
(a) Third-order linear partial differential equation.
(b) Third-order nonlinear partial differential equation.
(c) Second –order nonlinear ordinary differential equation.
(d) Third-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation.

ii) Within a boundary layer for a steady incompressible flow, Bernoulli equation
(a) holds because the flow is steady.
(b) holds because the flow is incompressible.
(c) holds because the flow is transitional.
(d) does not hold because the flow is frictional.

iii) What is the value of thickness of the boundary layer at leading edge of the plate?
(a) 0.33 (b) 1 (c) 0.5 (d) 0

iv) If x is the distance measured from the leading edge of a flat plate, then laminar boundary
layer thickness varies as
(a) 1/x (b) (c) (d)

v) Which of the following assumptions is/are correct to obtain an analytical solution for the
problem on laminar boundary layer of fluid on flat plate?
(a) The fluid is incompressible (b) The fluid is in steady-state
(c) The is not affected by fluid flow (d) all of the above

vi) Coutte flow is characterized by

a) Steady, incompressible, laminar flow through a circular pipe.
b) Fully developed turbulent flow through a circular pipe.
c) Steady, incompressible, laminar flow between two fixed plates.
d) Steady, incompressible, laminar flow between one fixed plate and other moving with a
constant velocity.

vii) In a fully developed laminar flow between two infinite parallel fixed plates velocity of fluid
will be maximum at
a) Centre of plates b) Near wall of plates c) edge of plate d) None of these.
viii) In plane Poiseuille flows, ratio of average velocity to Maximum velocity of flow is
a) 2/3 b) 3/2 c) 1/2 d) ¼

ix) Bernoulli’s equation cannot be applied when the flow is

(a) rotational (b) turbulent (c) unsteady (d) all of the above.

x) Stress strain relationship for Newtonian fluid is

(a) Parabolic (b) Hyperbolic (c) Linear (d) Inverse type

SECTION-B (2.5 x 2=5 marks)

Q2). Write Navier’s Stoke’s Equation in Cartesian Coordinates.

Q3) An incompressible fluid flows over a flat plate with zero pressure gradient. The boundary
layer thickness is 1 mm at a location where the Reynolds number is 1000. If the velocity of the
fluid alone is increased by a factor of 4, then find the boundary layer thickness at the same
location in mm.

SECTION-C (5 x 2= 10 marks)

Q4) For air flow over a plate, velocity (U) can be expressed as
U 3 y 1 y 3
= ( )− ( )
U∞ 2 δ 2 δ
If the free steam velocity is 2 m/s, and air has kinematic viscosity of 1.5×10-5 m2/s and density
of 1.23 kg/m3. Then find the wall shear stress at x=1m.

Q5) Water at 20°c is flowing between a two dimensional channel in which the top and bottom
walls is 1.5 mm apart. If the average velocity is 2m/s, find out
i) The maximum velocity
ii) The pressure drop
iii) The wall shearing stress(µ=0.00101 kg/m.s)