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MAAS NEW METHODS RWWES | Belinda Tato ESE. AA | Translated by Zhao Dan IRM. EH | Prooted by Qiu Zhiyong mE (eR) RARE, MEAROR. RII RAMEE SOMMERS, TA—(PAHeRE SOTA ess TENT RMB. UATE L rR FANIAREID, RM SS ANSI URES SHS Fete ate \MebIER, 2013.07 | UREANGM AND ARCHTECTURE Ws. 2013 SEHAOREM, MUS MOSCRETAE. AN, WOE AT RRA. MOAT RAS ELL FO RNAI. AEROS, St — ASEAN, Abstract Inhetited methods are there and are stl useful there's no need to reinvent the wheel, However, what we are building right now is citfuse way. fen approaches, vihich will eventually be fixed into new methods and for the moment are being thought, tested and incorporated in a more In our experience, these changes ae affecting the architectural ways of working in four main areas: People relation through collaboration and involvement through participation, Processes: the healthy conflict between flexibility and complesity vs. control an certainty, Tools: openness and technology as a means for social change, Leamings network learning and environments for active learning In this article we will be addressing what we think are the most important tendencies and how we recognize them beth in our own work and in other cases Keywords Participation, Public space, Urban pedagogy, Digital environment, Openness, Social networks The way we do things in architecture, the way we approach and develop projects volves rather sly, Sometimes over centres, or even mote as we go back in Fistor. Ths mokes sense as buldng itself has aways been a slow, lengthy process in comparison to other design related actives. But cng the lst few decades ‘here has been acuucal and techrical acceleration that has brought faster changes +o our methods, our tols and our resources, wich can now be branded as “new” even over relatively shot periods Although being perceived as - and actually being ~ innovations, these changes «rag bebind a 1g tal’ 2 esitage of long-standing impulses that were just made truly visible some decades ago, and are now being developed with new technical posites within an emerging cuture of human-entered values \Where does ths change come frm? Sac changes are connected to curl ones, and a huge part of culture relies on technology. So it’s natural to think that recent teciologeal changes lke the Intemet or the egtal development may have Given impuse toa change in society, but aso the opposite: the growing shit Yo socal val et may have diven the development of new means ane envionments where peo- can flit their eed for connection and be empowered to interact withthe word Regardless ofthe origins, the evidence shows that aspects from the ital culture lke mind-speed access to information, ubiquitous connection, fl ime avabity «exe of copy, remix and isvbuton are contributing to the optinzation of tad tional processes and the incorperaton of soil principles like collaboration, rans HDEMAII bee TISAI A TAHSARRGOLER. SVRELGT. BEE 4, ROMGIESERMASZ Rit meD. AIRE At FHS, BKORRER, CRBANITS, xi ARORA. TRMRRRRT ERO #2, DERERERMARSAE ERR aE Eeeink§ cine —oish REBAR SRE, TAMEUT EMMA EM, BFLUGPRMRPTC. maT ATH sata, AMT, ROCEENE LATE SKAREC SRS SUORARE LUTHER, LSM. iD BRUM TRARMAAMCDTHSD. RZ IRS, 2S tM ONEG ASHEN SRA HRAOSIAIAO RR. ATAILAR IRR ReORee SEREED, RTO, BERR BFHERE (OER ERNER, FEWER. STORE. STEM, ERESRORS) NUSETMEBR TINUE 4, ARIE, 208, © SAcTHCrE SIENNA, BOGE, E4SMERURS, St 2 TRE THEME | SE prency, participation or openness. \We believe that in today’s connected world, an urban design should be the resutt of an open and multlayered network of creative designers, technical expert, citi= zens and stakeholders, combining design with data, needs, inputs. Within this new context, itis necessary to explore the new role of the designer as a mediator, a curator of socal processes in a networked reality trying to visualize and materialize new urban models and design tools that enable the incorporation of the citizen as an active agent, avoiding the conventional paracigm of the citizen as a consumer- viewer-recipient of a finished product to become an active-citizen-producer of ideas.This paradigm shift, as we can see, has direct consequences in contemporary urban experiences. Itis time to participate; the questions are: how? with what tools? what ate the channels? what role can architects have? Inherited methods are there anc! are stil useful ~ furthermoce, they are still the _main basis our work relies upon ~ so they don't need to be completely discarded or reinvented. But there isa need to update and complete our professional "toolbox" 10 fulll some specific requirements coming from the present context. New ap- proaches are being built, which change the way we address projects: ways of wark~ ing have to be found, that will eventually be fixed into new methods. But for the moment they are being though, tested and incorporated in a more diffuse way. In our experience, these changes are affecting the architectural ways of working in four main areas: people, processes, tools and learning. In this article we will be ac- essing what we think are the most important tendencies and how we recognize ‘ther both in our own work and in other cases People: involvement through collaboration and participation ‘One of the most changing aspects of architecture - both as a service and as a procluct~is the growing presence of the socal side: the involvement of people as ‘a way to secure both the relevance and the adequacy ofthe projects Creativity in @ network. In @ globalized and information-saturated word, creativity is the capacity of connecting things innovatively and thus we understand that the protagonist of the creative process is not just a team but an open and multlay- ted design network, growing around a specie project, and usualy going beyond the limits of what used to be considered a "professional, a “client”, a “citizen” and any other rele. Hs inside that expanded network where architects and designers ae exploring the power of collective inteligence, as well as new ways to put ideas into action, Leav- ing a passive role that had them waiting fora commision, they are getting into @ mote proactive and context aware attitude, taking action, spotting and generating ‘opportunites as part oftheir daily work, In that context, ciscipinary bonds are loosening, requiring open-minded profes- sionals, flexible enough to adapt their roles and skls and to use unusual too: Ar- chitects that know enough programming to interact with programmers and work as software developers. Architects that know enough about event management to collaborate with other cultural agents in the organization of a public debate, 2 workshop, ete Architects that know enough about sociology or anthropology to {ive a certain value to the participation of sociologists and anthropoogjss in de sign projects (Image 1) Community fist. Cities have always been created and maintained by people for people, and as we see it now, urban and architectural development only makes sense completely when the community cares about it. Architects and urban design «15 are working more consciously than ever to empower the communities to dive Bit. HER. RALARMRRZOTM. Sam ERROR HARE. RRMRASWILAA. & REROREE, CittasERReme—ei SERRHIANEES. EMBO SRAM TR. LRA ARMMES S MEGAMI. SMaRIEENE SAURIBALING. TEMA EIN. POMS AAMHRECHATHRER, NEES SMRIET (SRRRINOSS) AYA TAD mitt amit seas bee PPE PERSIA UTE. MESIAL (HOE, BUSA. OR. RUASEERNAMR NGL “TRA USES URI Fee IER, MRWATAE, HALES (DERM, RNZIRRER TERRA RE AIs. CREW. ESE SARS. te seme. IERIE, WEERIEEA. MA, TRE 2SOEEARRMRRMT TIA. SSK) AUS. LURIRTE LEO MR FRAREN, A: atraes HARI (RAMEE) RUKH BSUS, ATS Se AOR Fasesp tebe SESE EROS EAB, Of EPROURTIENBIIEMINEDIED. UHRA, ONE SOEESSETRNA—TAN. RERRNEMES NIN, SRORHMS, BRERMTRMADS SW SP. Ra AIRE EAES Ie AMIE. RUTROIRINTERER ES Maori, URBSRMKERMEE. 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