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UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR

MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC QUIZ #1

1. A fluid power system that uses a non compressible fluid is called a


_______________________ (hydraulic or pneumatic) system.

2. A fluid power system that uses a compressible fluid is called a


__________________________ (hydraulic or pneumatic) system.

3. A hydraulic piston that has a diameter of 3.0 inches has an area of


________________________ square inches.

4. A cylindrical hydraulic reservoir that has a diameter of 6.0 inches and


height of 8.0 inches has a volume of ______________ cubic inches.

5. A spherical container whose diameter is 12 inches has a volume of


______________________ cubic inches.

6. A 396 pound drum of oil is rolled 40 feet across the hangar floor. It
requires a force of 15 pounds to roll the drum. The work done in rolling
this drum is _____________________________ foot pounds.

7. The amount of power needed to raise a weight is increased when the time
used to raised it is _______________________ (increased / decreased).

8. One horsepower is the equivalent of _______________________ foot pounds


of work done in 1 minute.

9. One horsepower is the equivalent of _______________________ foot pounds


of work done in 1 second.

10. One horsepower is the equivalent of _______________________ watts of


electrical power.

11. A 700 pound engine is raised with a hoist for a distance of 5 feet in 30
second. This requires ____________________ horsepower.

12. One U.S gallon is equal to __________________________ cubic inches.

13. A flow of 3 gallons per minute of hydraulic fluid under a pressure of


1,000 psi produces ___________________________ horsepower.

14. A 3,000 psi hydraulic system acts on a piston having an area of 2


square inches. The piston produces _______________________ pounds of
force.

AIRCRAFT HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC (For training


1 purposes only)
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

15. A force of 4,000 pound is required by a 1,000 psi hydraulic system.


This force will require a piston having an area of _______________________
square inches.

16. For a piston with an area of 2.0 square inch to produce a force of 500
pounds, a hydraulic hand pump must furnish _______________________ psi of
pressure.

17. When a piston with an area of 3.0 square inches is moved 6.0 inches,
________________________ cubic inches of fluid will be moved.

18. For a piston with an area of 6.0 square inches to move 36 cubic inches
of fluid, it must be moved __________________ inches.

19. A piston must move 100 cubic inches of fluid when it is moved 5.0
inches. In order to do this, the piston must have an area of
___________________________ square inches.

20. Kinetic energy in a fluid power system is in the form of the


__________________________ (pressure / velocity) of the fluid.

21. Potential energy in a fluid power system is in the form of the


__________________________ (pressure / velocity) of the fluid.

22. The pressure on the bottom of a reservoir caused by kerosene that has
a level of 18 inches above the bottom is ___________________ psi.

23. A hydraulic jack requires a force on the handle of 30 pounds to exert a


force of 600 pounds on the object being raised. The jack has a mechanical
advantage of _________________________.

24. According to Bernoulli’s principle, when the total energy in a column of


moving fluid remains constant, an increase in the velocity of the fluid
results in a corresponding ________________________ (increase / decrease) in
the pressure.

25. The pressure drop caused by an obstruction in a line carrying a flow of


fluid is directly proportional to the _____________________ (rate / volume) of
flow.

26. The master cylinder in simple brake system is a _____________________


(single /double) action pump.

AIRCRAFT HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC (For training


2 purposes only)
UNIVERSITI KUALA LUMPUR
MALAYSIAN INSTITUTE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

27. In a reservoir type brake system, the brake line and wheel cylinder are
vented to the atmosphere through the _____________________ port in the
master cylinder.

28. Fluid is returned from a single acting actuator by the action of a


_______________________ pushing on the piston.

29. Hydraulic fluid from the return side of a double acting actuator return
to the reservoir through the ________________________.

30. An engine driven hydraulic pump that moves a specific amount of fluid
each time it rotates is called a _______________________ displacement
pump.

AIRCRAFT HYDRAULIC & PNEUMATIC (For training


3 purposes only)