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DESIGN – ANALYSIS OF WING WALL

FOR
UNDERPASS
INDEX

Sl No. Description
1 Subsoil Investigation Report
2 Design and Analysis of Wing Wall
3 Pile Capacity Calculation for Vertical Load
4 Design of Pile for Vertical Load
5 Pile Capacity Calculation for Lateral Load
6 Design of Pile for Lateral Load
Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces
And design sections According ACI 318-08 Rev1.0
General Input :
Height of Wingwall = 5.722 m (Height of Stem + Thickness of Base)
Width of Wingwall = 3.600 m
Angle of Surcharge = 23.14 degree

Height of Surcharge= 1.539 m


fc'=35 N/mm2 fy=420 N/mm2
tw= 0.40 m LL=27.7 KN/m2 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙 5.722 m
ɣC=24 KN/m3
µ= 0.60
qall=143 KN/m2 Active Soil
Cover=75 mm ɣs=18KN/m3
Ignore Passive Soil NO Ka= 0.478
Ignore Soil wet W 5 NO
𝑊5 𝑊4 H=5.722m
𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙 0.00 m co
Passive Soil
Hp=1.25m Kp= 3

tb= 0.75 m 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑙 0.00 m


1.40m 3.10m

longitudinal direction
b= 4.90 m tc= 0.40 m
d=0.67m
Lc= 2.60 m

tc= 0.40 m

Transverse direction
1-Check Stability of Wall: Elevation Plan
a- Check of Retaining Wall Overturning:
Calculation of ∑W & Stability Moment ∑M
C𝒂𝒍𝒄𝒖𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏 𝒐𝒇 𝑬𝒂𝒓𝒕𝒉 𝑷𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔𝒖𝒓𝒆𝒔 𝑷𝑳, 𝑷𝒉𝒂 , 𝑷𝒉𝒑
Dist. From load Moments M @
Description of loads Loads W kN/m' & 𝑶𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝑴𝒐𝒎𝒆𝒏𝒕 𝑴𝒐
to point O (m) O KN.m/m'

Weight of stem
47.73 1.600 76.37 = 75.77 𝐾𝑁⁄𝑚′
W1 𝑃 = 𝐿𝐿𝐾 𝐻

Weight of base slab W2 88.20 2.450 216.09 ɣ𝐾 𝐻 = 140.85 𝐾𝑁⁄𝑚′


𝑃 =
2
Weight of earth over Heel 𝑯-𝒕𝒃 ɣ 𝐾 𝐻
277.44 3.350 929.42 𝑃 = = 42.19 𝐾𝑁⁄𝑚′
slab W3 2

Weight of Counterfort W4 𝑴𝒐 = 𝑃 ∗𝐻 +𝑃 * 𝐻 - 𝑃 *𝐻
17.78 2.833 50.39 = 467.85 𝐾𝑁. 𝑚⁄𝑚
using(ɣc-ɣs)

Weight of earth over Toe


12.60 0.700 8.82
slab W5
∑W=443.75 ∑M=1281.09

𝑶𝒗𝒆𝒓𝒕𝒖𝒓𝒏𝒊𝒏𝒈 𝑭𝒂𝒄𝒕𝒐𝒓 𝒐𝒇 𝒔𝒂𝒇𝒆𝒕𝒚 = ∑𝑴/𝑴𝒐 = 2.74 > 1.5, OK SAFE

b- Check of Retaining Wall Sliding:


𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐻𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑧𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑡𝑜 𝑠𝑙𝑖𝑑 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑤𝑎𝑙𝑙 ∑ 𝑃 = 𝑃 + 𝑃 - 𝑃 = 174.43 𝐾𝑁⁄𝑚
𝑆𝑙𝑖𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐹𝑜𝑟𝑐𝑒 µ∑𝑊 = 266.25 𝐾𝑁⁄𝑚
𝑆𝑙𝑖𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐹𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑎𝑓𝑒𝑡𝑦 = µ∑𝑀 /∑𝑃 = 1.53 > 1.5, OK SAFE

c- Check of Retaining Wall bearing Capacity:


finding eccentricity e, take moments @ point O
M@o= 0 = −∑𝑊 ∗ x + ∑𝑀 − 𝑀 ,∴ 𝑥 = 1.83 m , 𝑒 = 0.62 m , 𝑏/6 = 0.817 m e 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑏𝑒 ≤ 𝑏/6 to ignore tension stress
∑ ∗∑ ∑ ∗∑ ∑
𝑺𝒕𝒓𝒆𝒔𝒔 𝒇 = ± 𝑦= ± ∗
= ± = (1 ± )

𝒇𝒂 =

(1 + )= 159.02 KN/m2 ,𝒇𝒄 108.73 KN/m2 ,𝒇𝒆 138.48 KN/m2
𝒇𝒅 =

(1 − )= 22.10 KN/m2 ,𝒇𝒃 119.90 KN/m2
Not Ok qact > qall

Page 1 of 3
Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces
And design sections According ACI 318-08 Rev1.0
General Input :
Height of Wingwall = 5.722 m (Height of Stem + Thickness of Base)
Width of Wingwall = 3.600 m
Angle of Surcharge = 23.14 degree
2-Internal Forces of Retaining Wall:
a- Toe Slab Moment and Shear:
finding net stress on Toe Slab
𝒇𝒏𝒂 = 132.0 KN/m2 Upward , 𝒇𝒏𝒆 = 111.5 KN/m2 Upward
𝒇𝒏𝒃 = 92.9 KN/m2 Upward
MToe Transverse max Ult. @b = 174.9KN.m/m BOT. RFT. Use 3 T 25 /m' Tension RFT.
QToe max Ult. @d dis. From b = 134 KN/m < ΦVc = 502 KN/m Where
OK SAFE ACI318-08 , Eq 11-3
b- Heel Slab Moment and Shear:
heel Slab behaves as:
1- a cantilever from point c to x with length Lc/2, supported by stem.
2- a continuous beam from point x to d in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall
supported by counterforts
finding net stress on Heel Slab
𝒇𝒏𝒄 = -13.7 KN/m2 Downward
𝒇𝒏𝒅 = -100.3 KN/m2 Downward
𝒇𝒏𝒙 = -50.0 KN/m2 Downward
M heel Transverse Ult. @c -ve = -48.0KN.m/m TOP RFT. Use 3 T 25 /m' Tension RFT.
M heel longitudinal Ult. @d -Ve = -101.7KN.m/m TOP RFT. Use 3 T 25 /m' Tension RFT.
M heel longitudinal Ult. @d +Ve = 84.8KN.m/m BOT. RFT. Use 3 T 25 /m' Tension RFT.
QHeel max Transverse Ult. @d = 98 KN/m < ΦVc = 502 KN/m
QHeel max longitudinal Ult. @d = 196 KN/m < ΦVc = 502 KN/m
0.400 m

1.400 m 3.100 m

600 mm Dia Pile

0.525 m 0.525 m
3.850 m
C. g of Load = 1.833 m
C. g of Pile from edge = 2.450 m
Ecentricity = 0.617 m
Moment = 274 KN-m
2
Sum of the square of the distance of Pile row from C.g of Pile = 7.411 m
Pile reaction R1 = 293 kN
R2 = 222 kN
R3 = 151 kN
c-Design of Pile Cap
Design of Heel
Max. Reaction of Pile = 293 kN
Total depth of cap = 0.750 m
Eff. depth of cap = 0.588 m
Perimeter = 4477 mm
For punching req. depth = 138 mm > d OK
Moment at c = 182 KN-m
Section Modulus, Zb = 0.09 m3 = 195 KN/m
Cracking Moment, Mcr = 346 KN-m
Minimum Flexural Strength = 415 KN-m c
Design Moment, Md = 415 KN-m
Depth required = 109 mm 2.575 m 0.525 m
Depth provided = 0.588 m > d, OK R = 293 kN
Area of Steel = 4811 mm2 ; use T 25 102 mm C/C

Page 2 of 3
Retaining Wall with Counterfort Check of Stability & Calculation of Internal forces
And design sections According ACI 318-08 Rev1.0
General Input :
Height of Wingwall = 5.722 m (Height of Stem + Thickness of Base)
Width of Wingwall = 3.600 m
Angle of Surcharge = 23.14 degree
Design of Toe
Moment at b = 230 KN-m
Section Modulus, Zb = 0.09 m3 = 27 KN/m
Cracking Moment, Mcr = 346 KN-m
Minimum Flexural Strength = 415 KN-m b
Design Moment, Md = 415 KN-m
Depth required = 109 mm 0.875 m 0.525 m
Depth provided = 0.588 m > d, OK R = 293 kN
Area of Steel = 4811 mm2 ; use T 25 102 mm C/C

Temperature reinforcement = 1875 mm2 ; use T 16 107 mm C/C


d- Stem Slab Moment and Shear:
Stem Slab behaves as:
1- a cantilever from point c at heel top to point z with length Lc/2, supported by heel Slab.
2- a continuous beam above point z in longitudinal direction of Retaining wall supported by
counterforts slab.
𝒇𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒄 = 56.02 , 𝒇𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒛 44.84 , 𝒇𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒛𝟎 = 13.24 KN/m2
M stem vertical Ult. @c cant -ve = -61.6KN.m/mon active side Use 4 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z -Ve = -45.5KN.m/mon active side Use 4 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z +Ve = 37.9KN.m/m on passive side Use 4 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z0 -Ve = -13.4KN.m/m on active side Use 4 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.
M stem longitudinal Ult. @z0 +Ve = 11.2KN.m/m on passive side Use 4 T 16 /m' Tension RFT.
QStem max Cantilever Ult. @c = 109 KN/m < ΦVc = 238 KN/m
QStem max longitudinal Ult. @z = 87 KN/m < ΦVc
Temperature Reinf. = 1000 mm2 ; use T 16 201 mm C/C
e- Counterfort Moment and Shear:
Counterfort Slab behaves as:
a Tee Beam its flange (is heel & stem slabs) with effective depth dctf , subjected to
1- max. moment MCfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth pressure
2- max horizontal shear VHal Cfort@c at c point produced from horizontal earth
pressure
stress 𝒇𝒔𝒕𝒆𝒎 @𝒄 on stem slab multiplied by counterfort spacing.
3- max Vertical shear VVal Cfort@d at d point produced from Vertical net stress 𝒇𝒏𝒅
dctf = 2.63 m hz1 = 3.31 m hz2 = 1.66 m
dctf@z1 = 1.75 m dctf@z2 = 0.88 m
MCfort@z2 28.0KN.m/m Use 3 T 25 Tension RFT.
MCfort@z1 151.1KN.m/m Use 5 T 25 Tension RFT.
MCfort@c = 509.9KN.m/m Use 8 T 25 Tension RFT.
VHal Cfort@c = 168 KN/m < ΦVc = 768 KN/m
VVal Cfort@d = 301 KN/m < ΦVc

Design of Horizontal Ties


At any depth below the top, force causing
Ka x γsat x h x L
sepration
= 111 KN/m
Ast required = 667 mm2
Using 2 legged ties of dia T 16
= 402 mm2
Spacing required = 603 mm ; Provided spacing of reinf. = 200 mm

Design of Vertical Reinf.


The downward force at d = 261 kN/m
The downward force at c = 36 kN/m
Ast required at d = 1565 mm2
Using vertical reinf. of dia T 16
= 201 mm2
Spacing required = 129 mm ; Provided spacing of reinf. = 125 mm
Ast required at c = 213 mm2
Using vertical reinf. of dia T 16
= 201 mm2
Spacing required = 942 mm ; Provided spacing of reinf. = 125 mm

Page 3 of 3
ALL-PILE Version 6 CivilTech Software www.civiltech.com Licensed to

Concrete poured into drilled hole.


Diameter is limited to 24in (61cm).
FOUNDATION PROFILE & SOIL CONDITIONS

Depth FOUNDATION PROPERTIES SOIL PROPERTIES Depth


from from
Ground-m Ground-m
Depth Width-cm A'-cm2 Per.-cm I'-cm4 E -MP W -kN/m Depth  -kN/m3  C-kN/m2 k-MN/m3 e50 % Nspt
0 0
0.0 24 452.4 75.4 16286.0 20683 1.067 0.0 18 15 25 6.786 0.02 9
Concrete (rough) Silt (Phi + C)
2 2
2.3 18 15 25 6.786 0.02 9
Silt (Phi + C)
4 4

6 6
6.0 15 0.0 25 8.1434 0.02 5
Soft Clay
8 8

10 10

12 12

14 14

16 16
16.5 19 33.0 0.0 33.93 40
Silty Sand
18 18

20 20

22 22

24 24

26 26

28 28
28.0 24 452.4 75.4 16286.0 20683 1.067
Pile Tip
30 30

Batter Angle=0 (Pile diameter not to scale) Surface Angle=0

CivilTech CIP UNDER WING WALL


Software Figure 1
VERTICAL ANALYSIS Figure 1

Loads:
Load Factor for Vertical Loads= 1.0
Load Factor for Lateral Loads= 1.0
Loads Supported by Pile Cap= 0 %
Shear Condition: Static

Vertical Load, Q= 600.0 -kN


Shear Load, P= 0.0 -kN
Slope Restain St= 0.00 -cm/-cm

Profile:
Pile Length, L= 28.0 -m
Top Height, H= 0.000 -m
Slope Angle, As= 0
Batter Angle, Ab= 0

Fixed Head Condition

Drilled Pile (dia <=24 in. or 61 cm)

Soil Data: Pile Data:


Depth Gamma Phi C K e50 or Dr Nspt Depth Width Area Per. I E Weight
-m -kN/m3 -kN/m2 -MN/m3 % -m -cm -cm2 -cm -cm4 -MP -kN/m
0.000 18 15 25 6.786 0.02 9 0.0 24 452.4 75.4 16286.0 20683 1.067
2.26 18 15 25 6.786 0.02 9 28.0 24 452.4 75.4 16286.0 20683 1.067
6 15 0.0 25 8.1434 0.02 5
16.5 19 33.0 0.0 33.93 0 40
40 19 33.0 0.0 33.93 0 40

Vertical capacity:
Weight above Ground= 0.00 Total Weight= 18.48-kN *Soil Weight is not included
Side Resistance (Down)= 605.946-kN Side Resistance (Up)= 479.982-kN
Tip Resistance (Down)= 66.022-kN Tip Resistance (Up)= 0.000-kN
Total Ultimate Capacity (Down)= 671.968-kN Total Ultimate Capacity (Up)= 498.464-kN
Total Allowable Capacity (Down)= 671.968-kN Total Allowable Capacity (Up)= 258.473-kN
OK! Qallow > Q

Settlement Calculation:
At Q= 600.00-kN Settlement= 0.87046-cm
At Xallow= 2.54-cm Qallow= 642.28326-kN

Note: If the program cannot find a result or the result exceeds the upper limit. The result will be displayed as 9999.

CivilTech CIP UNDER WING WALL


Software
ALL-PILE Version 6 CivilTech Software www.civiltech.com Licensed to

Vertical Load vs. Settlement

700

630

560
Compression Load, Qdw -kN

490

420

350

280

210

140

70

0
0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.4 5.7 6.0

Settlement, X -cm
Total Side Tip

CivilTech CIP UNDER WING WALL


Software Figure 1
Company: TCCL RoundCol 20000104  1999 Techno Consultants
Address: User Registration No: Unregistered Copy
Tel Fax: Email: Made by Date Page No
Project: 600mm Dia Pile Under Wing Wall UDAYAN February 27, 2019
Client: Checked Job No Revision
Element: A/4 2418 3-4 600Dia 00/62051
Results Displayed for Load Case 1 Load Reference: 1.4DL+1.6LL Data Store No 001
fcu N/mm2 gmc Ecu X-direction End Conditions
35 1.5 0.0035 Stability At Top At Bottom
Braced Rigid Rigid

fy N/mm 2
gms Esu Unbraced Semi Rigid Semi Rigid
Braced Pinned Pinned X
420 1.05 0.00200
Free Pinned

Section Number and Position of Height Pinned Height Factor


Dia mm Steel Bars Cover to cg Lo (m) ß (Table 3.19)
600 11 75 28.000 1

.67fcu/gmc fy/gms Es for Steel Effective Height Slenderness to 3.8.1.3


15.6333 400.0000 200 kN/mm2 Lex (m) Ratio Status Max Lo/h Allowed
28.000 Lex/h=46.67 Slender 60 >46.7 hence OK
Design Data Summary
hs/h 0.7500 Steel dia hs Deflection Moments to Clause 3.8.3
N/h2 fcu 0.0476 450 Kx (Eq 33) ßa x (Eq34) au x mm auav x mm Madd x=Nau x
100Asc/Ac 1.9102 >0.4% & <6%OK 1.0000 1.0889 653.3333 392.0000
p fy/fcu 22.9226
M/h3 fcu 0.0644 Applied Axial Load, kN & Moments, kNm Notional BM *
Design BM
Nuz kN 6580.62 N, kN BM at Ends Applied Mxx kNm Nemin (h/20<=20) Mx kNm
Nbal xx kN 2093.24 600 M2 ( >=M1) 12 392.00
Mbal xx kNm 554.54 M1 @ 2nd end 0 Bending: Single Curvature
NA x-Nbalxx mm 311.36 Critical Initial Moment Mi=0.4M1+0.6M2 >=0.4M2 = 0.00 kNm
*
Design Moment=Mi+Madd >M2, M1+Madd/2 & emin N

Steel Areas & Position (from Top Mid Point) Steel Strain, Stress, Force and Moment (about mid depth)
Area mm2 X-dist mm Y-dist mm Strain Es*Strain fs used N/mm2 Fs kN BM kNm
491 63.39 84.11 0.002097208 419.44 400.00 196.40 42.40
491 170.04 152.66 0.000954112 190.82 190.82 93.69 13.81
491 222.71 267.98 -0.000969156 -193.83 -193.83 -95.17 -3.05
491 204.67 393.47 -0.003061972 -612.39 -400.00 -196.40 18.36
491 121.64 489.28 -0.00465988 -931.98 -400.00 -196.40 37.17
491 -0.00 525.00 -0.005255558 -1051.11 -400.00 -196.40 44.19
491 -121.64 489.28 -0.00465988 -931.98 -400.00 -196.40 37.17
491 -204.67 393.47 -0.003061972 -612.39 -400.00 -196.40 18.36
491 -222.71 267.98 -0.000969156 -193.83 -193.83 -95.17 -3.05
491 -170.04 152.66 0.000954112 190.82 190.82 93.69 13.81
491 -63.39 84.11 0.002097208 419.44 400.00 196.40 42.40

As=5401 Max=222.71 Max=525.00  -592.15 261.57


for 25 bars
Max dia=25 mm Neutral Stress Block Concrete Stress Block Size, Centroid, Force Magnitude & Moment
Min dia=25 mm Axis x mm Depth 0.9x mm Chord mm Area mm2 cg from top mm Fc kN BM kNm
Cover=62 mm 209.867 188.88 557.32 76257.23 110.83 1,192.15 225.52
Available Section Capacity: 600.00 487.09
Required Design Capacity: 600.00 392.00
Design Mx=392.00 kNm < 487.09 kNm Hence OK
Applied Loading Cases:
Load Case Load Case Axial Load auav Initial End Moments Available Required Strength
No Display Reference N, kN mm Mx2 kNm Mx1 kNm BMx* kNm Mtx* kNm Check
Case 1 1.4DL+1.6LL 600 487.09 392.00 OK
Case 2 422.65 OK
Case 3 422.65 OK
Case 4 422.65 OK
Case 5 422.65 OK
Case 6 422.65 OK
Note: The moment of steel and concrete forces is taken and summed up about the mid depth.

File: RoundCol000104-2 Tab: RoundCol Date: 2/27/2019


ALL-PILE Version 6 CivilTech Software www.civiltech.com Licensed to

PILE MOMENT vs LOADING


Single Pile, Khead=5, Kbc=2

Depth (Zp) MOMENT -kN-m Depth (Zp)


from from
Pile Top-m -500.00 0 +500.00 Pile Top-m
0 0

2 2

4 4

6 6

8 8

10 10

12 12

14 14

16 16

18 18

20 20

22 22

24 24
Lateral Slope Vertical Slope Max.
No. Load Restraint Load at Top Moment
26 (kN) (cm/cm) (kN) (cm/cm) (kN-m) 26
1 9.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 9.3
2 27.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 33.8
28 3 45.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 67.1 28
4 63.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 112.0
5 72.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 140.0
30 6 81.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 172.0 30
7 90.0 0.0 600.0 0.00 209.0

CivilTech CIP UNDER WING WALL


Software Figure 2
Design Moment MD = 154.15 Kip - ft
Design Axial force PD = 135 Kip
Dia of Pile D = 23.622 in
Let Pg = 3.90 %
Use bar dia Y = 25 Ф
Ag = 438.251 in2
2
A St = 17.0918 in
Moment of inertia of uncraked Concrete section
4
I Concrete = 15284 in
Moment of inertia of Steel
4
ISteel = 49120.6 in
3
Sut = 5452.9 in
m = 16.47
Balanced eccentricity, eb = 7.898 in
Allowable avg. copression stress, Fa = 2.42904 Ksi
Allowable avg. bending stress, Fb = 1.9575 Ksi
Load corresponding to the, eb Pb = 595.476 Kip

Mb = 391.94 Kip - ft
Mo = 173.017 Kip - ft
Moment capacity, M = 173.018 Kip - ft > MD OK

Use 25 Ф bar 22 Nos.