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tuT nryTj;jpl;l ciu 2019

“vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh – kf;fis tYT+l;lYk; twpNahiug; uhkupj;jYk;”

Kd;Diu
1. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> vdJ ,uz;lhtJ tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpid ,r;
rigf;F rkh;g;gpg;gjidapl;L ehd; kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;.
2. 2018 ,d; ,Wjpapy; Vw;gl;l murpay; ];jpukw;w epiyik KbTWj;jg;gl;ljd;
gpd;du; ehl;bd; nghUshjhukhdJ cWjpg;gLj;jg;gl;L tsu;r;rpia Nehf;fp
efu;tjpid ehk; fhzyhk; vd;gjid ,r;rigf;Fj; njuptpj;Jf; nfhs;tjidapl;L
kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;. ,yq;ifapd; Rje;jpuj;jpuj;jpw;Fg; gpd;duhd tuyhw;wpy;
kpfTk; ,Uz;l 52 ehl;fspd; gpd;dh; ];jpuepiyikapid kPz;Lk; mile;J
nfhs;tjw;F ehk; fLikahf ciof;f Ntz;bNaw;gl;lJ.

3. njhlu;r;rpahd gy tUlq;fshf Vw;gl;l gy tul;rpapdhy; fpuhkpa tUkhdk;


tPo;r;rpaile;J KOg; nghUshjhuKk; ghjpg;gile;j epiyapy; 2018 xf;Nlhgh; 26
Me; jpfjp ,lk; ngw;w epfo;T nghUshjhuj;jpid NkYk; Nkhrkhfg; ghjpj;jJ.
cyf vz;nza; tpiy ,ul;bg;ghfpaJld; If;fpa mnkhpf;f ngluy; hpNrt; MdJ
tl;b tPjq;fis kpf tpiutpy; mjpfhpj;jJ. ,t;thwhd cs;ehl;L ntspehl;L
rthy;fSf;F ntw;wpfukhf Kfk; nfhLj;j mNj Ntis vkJ murhq;fk;
nghUshjhu ];jpuj;jd;ikapidAk; Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ.
4. 2018 xf;Nlhgh; ,WjpapypUe;J cyf vz;nza; tpiyahdJ ghhpasT
tPo;r;rpaile;jpUe;jJld; If;fpa mnkupf;f ngluy; hpNrt; MdJ Fiwe;j tl;b
tPjq;fSf;fhd rkpf;iQapidf; fhl;baJld; Efh;thdJ gioa epiyikf;Fj;
jpUk;gpaJ. ,e;epiyikapdhy; ,yq;if ngw;Wf; nfhs;sKbAkhftpUe;j
nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpapid 2019 tiuapy; mDgtpf;f KbahJ NghdJ.
Jujp~;ltrkhf> ehk; murpay; rjpnahd;wpw;F Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;b Vw;gl;ljhy;
Nkw;Fwpj;j ed;ikfspd; tpisTfis mDgtpg;gjw;fhd tha;g;gpid ,oe;Njhk;.
5. ,yq;ifapd; kPjhd ek;gpf;if ,oe;jjd; tpisthf> me;j 52 ehl;fSf;Fs; vkJ
fld; kw;Wk; gq;Fr; re;ijapypUe;J %yjd ntspNaw;wk; ghhpasT
,lk;ngw;wJld; kpfTk; fbdkhd ciog;gpd; %yk; fl;bnaOg;gg;gl;l vkJ
ntspehl;L xJf;FfspypUe;J gy gpy;ypad; nlhyh;fis ,of;f Ntz;bNaw;gl;lJ.
,f;fhyg;gFjpay;> Vida tsh;e;JtUk; re;ijfspd; ehzaq;fs;
kjpg;Ngw;wkile;j mNjNtis> vkJ ehzaj;jpd; ngWkjpahdJ tuyhw;wpy; kpff;
Fiwe;j kl;lj;jpyhd tPo;r;rpapid gjpTnra;jJ.
6. ,yq;ifapd; fld; jug;gLj;jyhdJ fPo; kl;lj;jpw;Fj; js;sg;gl;ljd; tpisthf
vkJ ntspehl;Lf; fld; ngWifr; nrytpdk; ,ul;il ,yf;f kl;lj;jpw;F
mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. 2019 ,y; ntspehl;Lg; gLfld; kPs; nfhLg;gdthf 5.9 gpy;ypad;
I.m. nlhyhpid kPs; epjpaspf;f Ntz;bapUg;gjdhy; kpfTk; rhjfkw;w jd;ik
cUthfpAs;sJ. ,yq;if rpwe;j gpuahzk; nra;af;$ba ,lkhf “Nyhd;yp
gpydw;” rQ;rpifapdhy; jug;gLj;jg;;gl;ljd; gpd;dUk; $l> mg;NghJ fhzg;gl;l
murpay; epyikapd; fhuzkhf Rw;Wyh gazpfspd; tUifahdJ kpfTk;
Nkhrkhfg; ghjpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;epiyapd; eptu;j;jp nra;Ak; nghUl;L Gjpa gpur;rhu
eltbf;iffs; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
7. epiyik ,t;thwpUf;f> 2018 bnrk;gh; 17 Mk; jpfjp ehk; kPz;Lk; mjpfhuj;jpw;F
te;Njhk;. vkJ ntspehl;Lj;Jiwf; fhuzpfSf;F Vw;gl;l Nrjj;jpid ehk;
jw;nghOJ rPh;gLj;jpAs;sJld; re;ijfs; fle;j ,uz;L khjq;fspy; ek;gpf;if
juf;$ba tifapy; kPs; fl;bnaOg;gg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,d;W vkJ ntspehl;Lf; fld;
ngWif nrytpdkhdJ 200 mbg;gil Gs;spfSf;F Nkyhf tPo;r;rpaile;Js;sJ.
vkJ nghUshjhuj;jpid Nehf;fp ntspehl;L %yjdkhdJ efu;e;Js;s
mNjNtis rdthpapypUe;J murhq;f gpizaq;fs; kPJ &gh 3>400 kpy;ypad;
ntspehl;L epjpahdJ cl;gha;r;rg;gl;Ls;sJld; ,d;Wtiu &ghthdJ 1.5
rjtPjj;jpdhy; kjpg;Ngw;wk; mile;Js;sJ.
8. vdNt> murpay; rjpapdhy; Vw;gl;l gy;NtWgl;l ghjpg;Gf;fis epth;j;jpnra;a
Ntz;bAs;sJld;> nghUshjhuk; kPz;Lk; ];jpug;gLj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ.

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nghUshjhuj;ij kPsf; fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;F ehk; Nkw;nfhz;l gzpfis njhlh;e;J
Kd;ndLg;gjw;fhd tha;g;gpid jw;nghOJ ehk; ngw;Ws;Nshk;.
9. murpiw Kfhikj;Jtk; njhlh;e;J tsh;r;rpaile;J tUfpd;wJ. Ie;J
jrhg;jq;fspy; Kjy; Kiwahf 2017 ,y; Muk;g kpifapid ehk;
mile;Js;sJld;> ,J nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 0.6 rjtPj tsh;r;rpahFk;.
2015 ,y; fhzg;gl;l -2.9 rjtPjj;Jld; xg;gpLifapy; 2018 ,y; ,J ghhpanjhU
Kd;Ndw;wkhFk;. gpujhd cyf Efh;Tg; nghUl;fspd; tpiyfs; mjpfhpj;j
NghjpYk; gztPf;fkhdJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; Kfhik nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. 2017 ,y;
vd;Wkpy;yhj rpwe;j Vw;Wkjp kw;Wk; ntspehl;L Neub KjyPl;bid ehk;
mile;Js;sJld; 2018 ,y; mjw;fhd cj;Ntfk; mjpfhpj;Js;sJ. ,e;epiyik
nghUshjhuj;jpid ghhpa ntspehl;L cl;gha;r;rypid Nehf;fp kPs;
xUKfg;gLj;Jfpd;w vkJ murhq;fj;jpd; Nehf;fj;Jld; ,ize;jjhff;
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
10. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> 2015 Mk; Mz;by; ehk; vr;re;ju;g;gj;jpYk; ntbj;Jr;
rpjuf;$ba Fz;ilg;Nghd;w nghUshjhunkhd;wpidNa mde;jukhfg; ngw;Nwhk;.
vt;thwhapDk; ehk; ntw;wpfukhf ];jpuj; jd;ikapidAk; kPs; rkepiyapidAk;
mile;Js;Nshk;. Kd;ida murhq;fkhdJ gLflid kPsr;nrYj;Jtjw;fhd
vt;tpj epahakhd jpl;lKk; ,y;yhJ nryT kpf;f ntspehl;Lg; fld;fs;; %yk;
tPz;tpiuak; kpf;f nrytpdq;fis nra;Jnfhz;bUe;jJ. 2014 ,y; thp tUkhdk;
nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 10 rjtPjkhf tPo;r;rpaile;jpUe;jJld;;
Vw;WkjpahdJ nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 14 rjtPjkhf rhptile;J
fhzg;gl;lJ. ,J ,uz;L jrhg;j fhyj;jpy; Vw;gl;l gpd;dilthFk;. tpNrlkhf
2000 Mk; Mz;by; thp tUkhdk; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; 15 rjtPjkhff;
fhzg;gl;lJld; Vw;Wkjpfs; 30 rjtPjkhf ,Ue;jJ. ,J nghUshjhukhdJ
];jpukw;w epiyia mile;J rpijtile;jnjd;gij fhz;gpf;fpd;wJ.

11. ,e;j murhq;fk; nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpahdJ jdpahh; njhopy; Kaw;rpfspdhy;


topg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ vd;gjpy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;sJ. ,JNt> Kd;ida ePy
kw;Wk; gRik tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l “vd;lu;gpiw]; =
yq;fh” vz;zf;fUthFk;. vt;thwhapDk;> epahakhd re;ijNa ,yq;ifapd;
th;j;jf kw;Wk; thzpgj;jpd; capNuhl;lkhFk;. rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju mstpyhd
tpahghu njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; kw;Wk; rh;tNjr kl;lj;jpy; Nghl;baplf; $ba
,yq;if fk;gdpfspd; tsh;r;rpf;fhf jdJ Gj;jpf; $h;ikapid gad;gLj;Jk;
cz;ikahd njhopy; Kaw;rpahsiuNa jdpahh; njhopy; Kaw;rp vd ehd;
ek;Gfpd;Nwd;.
12. ,jw;F khw;wkhf jdpahh; Jiwapy; ,d;DnkhU tFjpapdu; fhzg;gLfpd;wdu;.
mtu;fs; Nghl;bj;jd;ik kw;Wk; epahakhd re;ijfSf;F cld;ghlw;w
Coy;fis Cf;Ftpf;fpd;w Kd;ida murhq;fj;Jld; njhlh;Gitj;J jk;ik
tsh;j;Jf; nfhz;lth;fshth;. ,tu;fs; 20 kpy;ypad; kf;fspd; kPJ nrytpdj;jpd;
Rikapid Vw;gLj;jp kf;fspd; thpj; jPh;itfspd; %yk; jk;ik tsh;j;Jf;
nfhz;ltu;fshtu;. NkYk; ,d;Wtiu ehk; nrYj;jptUfpd;w mjpfhpj;j
nrytpdq;fis Vw;gLj;jpa ngUksT murhq;f xg;ge;jq;fspd; %yk; ed;ik
mile;jtu;fshtu;. ,th;fspy; rpy Raeythjpfs; jkJ fk;gdpfs; kw;Wk;
jdpg;gl;l fzf;FfSf;F mjpfsthd nry;tj;jpid ,iwf;fpd;w
rh;thjpfhuj;jpid Nehf;fpr; nry;tjw;F vjpu;ghu;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdu;.
,f;FOtpdu; jdpahh; Jiwapy; rpwpanjhU tFjpahapDk; mjpfhuKk; nry;thf;Fk;
kpf;ftu;fshtu;. nghUshjhu tsh;r;rpapd; ,ae;jpukhf ehk; fhz Ntz;ba jdpahh;
Jiw ,Jty;y. Mdhy;> ,it fle;j fhy Ml;rpahsu;fs; tpl;Lr;nrd;w
vr;rq;fshFk;.
13. ehk; jdpahh; njhopy; Kaw;rpfspd; mbg;gil tpjpfis gpd;gw;Wfpd;w rpwe;j
re;ij njhopw;gLj;jypy; ntw;wpailaf;$ba Gjpa epWtdq;fis
cUthf;Ffpd;Nwhk;. vkJ ehl;bd; mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; etPd kag;gLj;jypid
njhlh;e;J gpd;dilar; nra;fpd;w ghJfhg;Gr; rpe;jidfspypUe;J tpLgl;l jdpahh;
Jiwnahd;W ,yq;iff;Fj; Njit. nghUshjhu jhuhskakhf;fy;> ghJfhg;G
tiyaikg;Gf;fhd Mjutspg;G kw;Wk; re;ij neUf;fbfis ePf;Ftjw;fhd mur
jiyaPL kw;Wk; r%f ePjpapid cWjpg;gLj;jy; vd;gtw;wpid fle;j tUl tuT
nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; ehd; rkh;g;gpj;Njd;. ,e;j Ntiyr;rl;lfj;jpid ehk; njhlh;e;J
Kd;ndLg;gjw;fhf mjd; gpujhd fhuzpfis tYg;gLj;JNthk;.

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14. jhuhsg; nghUshjhuj;jpid Nehf;fpa vkJ jPh;khdq;fs; vd;Wkpy;yhjthW
tpiuthdjhFk;. ,jd; Kbthf Jizj; jPh;itfis xopg;gJld; th;j;jf
jilfis ePf;Ftjw;fhd Vw;ghLfis ehk; njhlh;e;J Kd;ndLg;Nghk; mNjNtis>
Nghl;bj;jd;ik rthy;fis vjph;nfhs;tjpy; epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; Copah;fSf;F
xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;F kpifg;nghUs; jpzpg;ngjph;g;G (Anti-dumping)
rl;lthf;fj;jpw;fhd Vw;ghLfs; kw;Wk; th;j;jf kWrPuikg;G epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpid
cUthf;fYld; ghJfhg;ghd Vw;ghLfis ehk; Kd;ndLg;Nghk;.
15. r%f cl;fl;likg;G kw;Wk; r%f ghJfhg;G tiyaikg;gpy; ehk; NkYk; KjyPL
nra;aTs;Nshk;. fy;tp kw;Wk; Rfhjhuj;Jiwf;F mjpf epjp toq;Fk; mNjNtis
mtw;wpd; juk; njhlu;gpy; $Ljy; ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLk;. cgha hPjpahfTk;
tpidj;jpwdpYk; tPo;r;rpg; Nghf;fpidf; nfhz;Ls;s vkJ r%fg; ghJfhg;G
tiyaikg;gpid kPnsOr;rp ngwr; nra;tjw;fhd Neuk; ,JthFk;. vkJ
ftdkhdJ> gadhspfis gbg;gbahf jd;dpiwT ngw;w tYt+l;lg;gl;l
gpuirfshf khw;Wtjid Nehf;fpr; nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;bAs;sJ.

16. vkJ gpui[fis tYt+l;LtJ vkJ murhq;fj;jpd; mbg;gil Nehf;fkhFk;. ,J


murpay;> r%f nghUshjhu tYt+l;ly; vd;gtw;wpd; Clhf ,lk;ngWk;.
“vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh – kf;fis tYT+l;ly;" vd;w ,t;tUl tuT
nryTj;jpl;lj; njhdpg;nghUshdJ> vkJ kf;fs; jhkhfNt Kd;Ndw;wg; ghijapy;
nrd;W ehl;bid tskilar; nra;Ak; tifapy; mtu;fSf;fhd cjtpia
toq;Ffpd;w mNjNtis> r%fj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; twpa kw;Wk; gytPdkhd kf;fis
epiyNgwhd kw;Wk; ,yf;fplg;gl;l r%fg; ghJfhg;G tiyaikg;gpD}lhf
ghJfhg;gJkhFk;.

“fk;ngwspa” – Jhpjg;gLj;jg;gl;l fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp; guhkupj;jYk;”


17. tsh;r;rp ikaq;fshf khWtjw;fhd Mw;wy;fisf; nfhz;Ls;s vkJ fpuhkq;fs; &gh 48>000
kw;Wk; efuq;fspy; ,Jtiu toq;fg;glhj cl;fl;likg;G Njitfspd; kpy;ypad;
gw;whf;Fiwapid ePf;Ftjw;F 2018 a+d; khjj;jpy; fk;ngwspa epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; xJf;fPL
Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,e;epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lkhdJ “52 ehs; rjp” ,dhy;
ghjpf;fg;gl;ltw;wpy; Kjd;ikahdjhFk;. rl;lhPjpaw;w mikr;ruit mjd;
KjyhtJ $l;lj;jpNyNa ,j;jpl;lj;jpid epWj;jpaJ. vt;thwhapDk;>
Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;j ,f;fUj;jpl;lkhdJ ,t;tUlj;jpd; rdthpkhjj;jpy; vkJ
murhq;fj;jpdhy; kPnsOr;rp ngwr; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. 2019 Mk; Mz;by; Njh;jy;
njhFjpnahd;Wf;fhd xJf;fPlhdJ 200 kpy;ypad; &ghtpypUe;J 300 kpy;ypad;
&ghthf mjpfhpf;fg;gl;lJ. ,jw;fhf &gh 48>000 kpy;ypad; 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf
xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; tplag;gug;ghdJ NkYk; tphpTgLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ.
cjhuzkhf topghl;Lj;jsq;fSf;fhd xJf;fPlhdJ &gh 500>000 ,ypUe;J &gh 1
kpy;ypadhf mjpfhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (cjhuzf; Fwpg;G III (m) – 10)

“vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” Kd;Ndw;wj;ij Nehf;fp


18. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> “vd;lh;gpiw]; = yq;fh” fld; jpl;lj;jpid 2018
,y; ehL KOtjpYk; ehk; Muk;gpj;Js;Nshk;. ,jd; %yk; Fwpg;ghf vkJ
,isQh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; njhopy; Kaw;rpahz;ikAila r%fnkhd;wpid
cUthf;Fk; Nehf;fpy;;> tq;fpfSf;F rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;l fUj;jpl;lq;fspd;
mbg;gilapy; rYif tl;b tPjj;jpy; fld;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,j;jpl;lk;
NkYk; tphpTgLj;jg;gLtJld; ehlshtpahPjpapy; tpopg;Gzh;T kw;Wk; Vida
epfo;r;rpfspD}lhf Cf;fptpf;fg;gLk;. Njrpa ,isQu; Nritfs; kd;wj;jpd;
rhd;wpjo; ngw;wtu;fSf;F “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” fld; jpl;lj;jpy;
Kd;Dupik toq;fg;gLk;.
19. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> fle;j rpy khjq;fspy; “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh”
fld; jpl;lj;jpypUe;J 30>000 ,w;F mjpfkhd njhopy; Kaw;rpahsh;fs;
gad;ngw;Ws;sJld;> ,jw;fhf &gh 60>000 kpy;ypad; nrytplg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,f;fld;
jpl;lq;fs; midj;jpdJk; KOikahd tpguq;fs; mlq;fpa gl;bay; ,j;Jld;
,izf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. (tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (m))

20. vt;thwhapDk;> “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; fld;fSf;fhd &gh 500


tl;bapd; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT gFjpapid murhq;fk; nghWg;Ngw;fpd;w NghJk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;llJ

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rpwpasT njhopy; Kaw;rpahsh;fs; tq;fpfspdhy; Nfhug;gLfpd;w gpizfis
toq;Ftjpy; gy;NtW rthy;fis vjph;Nehf;Ffpd;wdh;. ,e;j tifapy;> rpwpa
kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;F cj;juthjq;fis toq;Ftjw;Fj;
Njitahd xJf;fPLfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F ,yq;if kj;jpa tq;fpapd; fPo;
epjpankhd;wpidj; jhgpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
21. tq;fp mYtyh;fs;> Gjpa njhopy; Kaw;rpahsh;fis mijhpag;gLj;Jtjhf vkf;F
Kiwg;ghLfs; fpilf;fg;ngw;Ws;sd. vdNt> mt;thwhd Kiwg;ghLfis
ngw;Wf;nfhs;tjw;F “1925” vd;w njhiyNgrp miog;G epiyankhd;wpid
Muk;gpj;Js;Nshk;.

22. epjpr; nrytpdq;fis epth;j;jp nra;tjw;F Nkyjpfkhf> “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh”


epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; cw;gj;jp mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; tpahghu Kfhikj;Jtj;jpy;
re;ijfSld; njhopy; Kaw;rpfisAk; rpwpa tpahghuq;fisAk; ,izg;gjw;F
xj;Jiog;G toq;Fk;. “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd;
thbf;ifahsh;fSf;F Fwpj;j Jiwfspy; Mw;wypid tpUj;jpnra;J nfhs;tjw;fhf
ghhpa jdpahh; Jiw fk;gdpfSlDk; ifj;njhopy; gapw;rp epWtfk;> jfty;
njhlh;ghly; njhopy;El;g Kftuhz;ik> Vw;Wkjp mgptpUj;jpr; rig Nghd;w
murhq;f epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk; gy;fiyf;fofq;fSld; njhlh;G Vw;gLj;jpf;
nfhLf;fg;gLk;. “vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lkhdJ njhopy; Kaw;rpfs;
kw;Wk; rpwpa tpahghuq;fs; tpUj;jpailtjw;F rhj;jpakhd R+oypid cUthf;Fk;
tifapy; khw;wkilAk;.
23. rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; kw;Wk; rpwpa tpahghuq;fspd; tsh;r;rpf;F
xj;Jiog;gjw;fhd Nkyjpf eltbf;ifahf murhq;fj;jpd; ngWiffis rpwpa
kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;F toq;FtJ mtrpakhFk;. mikr;Rf;fs;
kw;Wk; jpizf;fsq;fspd; nfhs;tdTg; ngWkjpapy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ 10
rjtPjj;jpid ,yq;if rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;F toq;Ftjw;F
ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf> rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju njopy;
Kaw;rpahsufSf;fhd Cf;tpg;ghf rpwpa l;uf;uf thfdq;fSf;fhd cw;gj;jpj;
jPu;it Fiwf;fg;gLtNjhL> thfdg; ngWkjpapy; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;
flDf;fhd tpfpjk; mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.

tho;thjhu mgptpUj;jpf;fhd xj;Jiog;gpD}lhf tsh;r;rp

24. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> tptrhak;> flw;nwhopy; kw;Wk;


ngUe;Njhl;lj;Jiwapd; nrayhw;WifahdJ etPd njhopy;El;g cs;sPLfs; kw;Wk;
Kiwik khw;wj;jpD}lhf mtw;wpdJ cw;gj;jpj; jpwid mjpfupj;Js;sJld;> ,J
cau; tpisr;ry; kw;Wk; jukhd cw;gj;jpf;F topNfhypaJ.
25. tptrhaj;Jiw etPdkag;gLj;jy; fUj;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; jw;nghOJ
&gh 250
jhgpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tptrha njhopy;El;g nrad;Kiwg; g+q;fhf;fspd; ntw;wpapd; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mbg;gilapy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;s njhopy; El;g cs;sPL kw;Wk; cah; nkhopag;gl;llJ
ngWkjpkpf;f gaph;fspd; mgptpUj;jpf;fhd tptrha tpahghu ngWkjpr;
rq;fpypfSld; tptrhapfis ,izg;gjw;F ehk; xj;Jiog;G toq;FNthk;.
,e;epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lkhdJ mk;ghe;Njhl;il> FUehfy;> Gj;jsk;> ,uj;jpdGhp kw;Wk;
Nffhiy khtl;lq;fSf;F tphpTgLj;jg;gLk;.
26. tptrhaj;Jiwapy; fhzg;gLk; gpujhd Njitahf mWtilapd; gpd;duhd
,og;Gfisf; Fiwg;gjw;F mtrpakhd rpwe;j fsQ;rpag;gLj;jy; kw;Wk; &gh 400
kpy;ypad;
fsQ;rparhiy trjpfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. jk;Gs;isapy; mikf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; xJf;fPL
mt;thwhd fsQ;rparhiyapd; epu;khzg; gzpfs; Kbtile;jjd; gpd;du;
murhq;fk; etPd njhopy;El;gj;Jld; $ba rPNjhrd epiyf; fl;Lg;ghl;L
trjpapidf; nfhz;l fsQ;rparhiyfs; fl;Lehaf;f> vk;gpypg;gpl;ba> aho;g;ghzk;
kw;Wk; nfg;ngl;bg;nghy Mfpa ,lq;fspy; epWtg;glTs;sJ.

27. “jpuprtpa” fld; jpl;lk; Kjypy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;L Nfhop tsu;g;Gj; njhopypy;


<Lgl;Ls;stu;fs; tpepNahf tiyaikg;ig tpupTgLj;Jtjw;F trjpaspf;fg;gLk;.
mj;Jld; rpwpastpyhd fhy;eil njhopy;Kaw;rpfspy; <Lgl;Ls;stu;fSf;Fk;
fhy;eil cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fs; njhlu;ghd Ranjhopy; Kaw;rpfspy;
<Lgl;ls;stu;fSf;Fk; cjtpfs; tpupTgLj;jg;gLk;.

4
28. ngWkjp Nru;f;fg;gl;l ,wg;gh; mbg;gil thfd lau; cw;gj;jp Nghd;w &gh 800
ifj;njhopy;fspy; nraw;if ,wg;gu; jl;Lg;ghL xU Kf;fpa gpur;ridahf kpy;ypad; Kd;
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jdhy; ,wg;gu; kPs;eLif kw;Wk; Gjpa ,wg;gu; kuf; fd;Wfis nkhopag;gl;llJ
eLjy; vd;gtw;Wf;fhf ehk; epjpAjtpapid ,ul;bg;ghf;fpAs;Nshk;. ,jw;fhf &gh
800 kpy;ypad; Vw;nfdNt xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

29. jw;NghJ cs;@u; thfd lau; jahupg;ghsu;fspd; cw;gj;jpfis jug;gLj;jy; kw;Wk; &gh 500
gupNrhjid nra;tjw;F ehl;by; cupa trjpfs; fhzg;gLtjpy;iy. MfNt> etPd kpy;ypad; Kd;
trjpfisf; nfhz;l Ma;T$l trjpfs; Vw;Wkjp mgptpUj;jp rigapdhy; jdpahu; nkhopag;gl;llJ
Jiwapd; gq;fspg;Gld; cUthf;fg;gLk;.
30. njq;Fg; nghUs; cw;gj;jpf; ifj;njhopy; ngWkjp Nru;f;iff;F ngWkstpyhd
re;ju;g;gq;fs; fpilf;fg; ngw;Ws;sd. vt;thwhapDk;> ehl;by; ,j;njhopw; Jiwapd;
xOq;FgLj;jy; Ntiyr; rl;lfkhdJ ,j;Jiwapy; njhopy; Kaw;rpahsu;fs;
KjyPLfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;Fj; jilahfTs;sJ. ,jd; fhuzkhf jw;NghJ
eilKiwapYs;s cyu;j;jpa Njq;fha;j; JWty; gjg;gLj;jy; Kiwik> Njq;fha;
nehWf;fpfs;> rpul;ilf; fup vd;gtw;Wf;fhd gjg;gLj;jy; Kiwikfspw;fhd
mDkjpg;gj;jpu nrad;Kiwia ,yFgLj;jf;$ba tifapy; jw;NghJs;s
eilKiwfs; kPsha;tpw;Fl;gLj;jg;gLk;.
31. fspkz;> %yg;nghUsfo;T kw;Wk; ,lj;Jf;fplk; vLj;Jr; nry;yy; Nghd;w
nraw;ghLfspd; NghJ kl;ghz;lf; ifj;njhopYk; Nkw;Nghe;j gpur;ridfspw;F Kfk;
nfhLf;fpd;wJ. MfNt Njitahd #oy; ghJfhg;gpid cWjpg;gLj;Jk;
mNjNtis jw;NghJs;s xOq;FKiwfs; kPsha;T nra;ag;gl;L ,j;njhopw;Wiw
Nkk;gLj;jg;gLk;.
32. cyfr; rpwg;Gkpf;f ,yq;if fWth cw;gj;jp gy;NtWgl;l gpur;ridfis
Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. vt;thwhapDk;> cyfr; re;ijapy; mjd; xg;gPl;L
mD$yj;jpid jf;fitj;Jf;nfhz;Ls;sJ. MfNt> midj;Jf; fUth
Vw;Wkjpahsu;fSk; Vw;Wkjpapd; NghJ juf; fl;Lg;ghl;L gupNrhjidr;
rhd;wpjiog; ngw;Wf;nfhs;tJ fl;lhakhf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,Ue;j NghjpYk;
gupNrhjidapd; NghJ Nju;r;rp ngwhj Vw;Wkjpahsu;fs; 12 khjq;fSf;Fs; jkJ
nraw;ghLfis rPu;nra;J nfhs;tjw;Fj; Njitahd cjtpfs; Vw;Wkjp
mgptpUj;jpr; rigapdhy; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk; Vw;Wkjpr; re;ij EioTj; jpl;lj;jpd;
xU gFjpahf trjpaspf;fg;gLtu;.
33. gyg;gpl;b - nfh];nfhilapy; mike;Js;s fWth gapw;rp epiyak; fWthg; gl;il &gh.75
cupg;gtu;fspd; jl;Lg;ghl;bid ePf;Fk; tifapy; mjd; KOikahd kpy;ypad; Kd;
nraw;ghLfis Nkk;gLj;Jk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

34. ,yq;if fWth> mjd; cw;gj;jpfspd; jdpj;jd;ikapidg; NgZk; tifapy; &gh.50


ehl;bd; cw;gj;jp milahsj;jpid ghJfhj;jy; vd;w nfhs;iff;fpzq;f Gtpapay; kpy;ypad; Kd;
jdpj;jd;ik milahsj;jpid (Geographical Indications) ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sjy; nkhopag;gl;llJ
kw;Wk; mjidg; NgZtjw;fhf Mjutspf;fg;gLk;.
35. rpwe;j ePu; Kfhikj;Jtj;jpid cWjpnra;Ak; Kfkhf tptrha kw;Wk;
&gh.12>000
ngUe;Njhl;lj; njhopy;Jiw vd;gtw;Wf;F trjpNaw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk; Kfkhf kpy;ypad;
eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk; nkhuf`fe;j fSfq;if gy;Nehf;F mgptpUj;jpj; jpl;lk; xJf;fPL
vjpu;tUk; 2020 ,y; epiwTgLj;jg;gLk;. tak;g fhy;tha;> kpdpg;Ng kw;Wk;
tlkj;jpa khfhz fhy;tha;fs; vd;gd %yk; nkhuf`fe;j ePu;j;Njf;fj;jpypUe;J
ePu; gw;whf;FiwAs;s gpuNjrq;fSf;F ePiuf; nfhz;L nry;tjw;fhd nraw;ghLfs;
tpiutpy; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; %yk; rpWNghf kw;Wk; ngUk;Nghf new;nra;if
cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,r; nraw;ghLfis Muk;gpf;Fk; Kfkhf ehk; Vw;nfdNt &gh
12>000 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;Js;Nshk;. Njhl;lj; njhopyhsu;fspd; rk;gs
gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;fhf Njapiyr; rigAldhd fye;Jiuahly; %yk;
cldbj; jPu;nthd;W ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

36. “eq;tK yq;fh” vDk; njhdpg;nghUspy; Ez; kw;Wk; rpW ifj;njhopy; &gh.2>000
kpy;ypad;
mgptpUj;jpr; nray;jpl;lj;jpid ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. xJf;fPL

37. njJW Xah nraw;jpl;lk;> khzpf;f fq;if ePu;j;Njf;fj; jpl;lk; kw;Wk; nkhuhd &gh.2>410
epu;j;Njf;fj; jpl;lk; vd;gd cs;slq;fyhf 7 gpujhd fUj;jpl;lq;fspy; kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
5
fhy;tha;fs; kw;Wk; mizf;fl;L epu;khzg; gzpfis G+uzg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 2019
,y; NkYk; &gh 2>410 kpy;ypad;fis xJf;fpAs;Nsd;. ,tw;wpd; %yk; tptrha
eltbf;iffspy; <Lgl;Ls;s Rkhu; 21>000 FLk;gq;fs; Neubg; gaidg; ngWthu;fs;.

38. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> [Nuhg;gpa xd;wpak; ,yq;ifapd; kPd;gpb


cw;gj;jpfSf;fhd mjd; re;ijiaj; jpwe;Js;sJld; [Nuhg;gpa xd;wpaj;Jf;fhd
nkhj;j fly; czT Vw;WkjpfshdJ 14 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfupj;J 2018 ,y;
mjd; ngWkjp 290 kpy;ypad; [f;fpa mnkupf;f nlhyu;fshFk;. mNjNtis
Ntz;lg;gLk; juj;jpidg; Ngz KbahikahdJ njhlu;e;Jk; epuk;gYf;fhd
jilahff; fhzg;gLfpwJ.
39. eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; JiwKf Gdu;epu;khz Ntiyj;jpl;lk;> &gh.1>300
eq;$uj;jsk; kw;Wk; ,wq;F jsq;fs; Mfpa Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fis epiwT kpy;ypad;
nra;tjw;fhf &gh 1>300 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mj;Jld; xJf;fPL
gUj;jpj;Jiw kw;Wk; Ngrhiy Mfpa 2 Gjpa JiwKfq;fis mikg;gjw;fhd
Ntiyfis Muk;gpg;gjw;Fk; kz;ilj;jPtpy; eq;$uj;jsj;jpid mikg;gjw;Fkhd
Ntiyfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;;.
40. ePz;l tupirg; glFfs; kw;Wk; gy;jpd glFfspd; fsQ;rpa trjpfs; kw;Wk; &gh.300
ghJfhg;G epakq;fis Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd cjtpfs; toq;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf kpy;ypad; Kd;
“vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh” epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; “uz; m];td;d” rfha fld; nkhopag;gl;llJ
jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; murhq;fk; 50 rjtPj nrytpid Vw;Wf;nfhs;fpd;wJ. (tpsf;ff;
Fwpg;G III(M)-1.1) ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf Fsp&l;lg;gl;l fly; ePiu NgZtjw;fhd
nghwpapidf; nfhs;tdT nra;jy; kw;Wk; nghUj;Jjy; kw;Wk; mjpFsp&l;lg;gl;l
fly;ePu; Kiwikiag; nghWj;JtjpD}lhf gpbf;fg;gLk; kPd;fspd; juj;jpidg;
NgZjy;> fg;gy; fz;fhzpg;G Kiwik> glfpYs;stu;fisf; fz;Lgpbg;gjw;fhd
Ez;zpa NjLjy; fUtpfs; Nghd;w ghJfhg;Gf; fUtpfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F
kpFjp 50 rjtPj epjpapid ,j;jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;.

r%fg; guhkupg;G Kd;ndLg;Gfs;

41. ehk; Muk;gg; ghlrhiyfspYs;s khztu;fSf;F ,ytrkhf ghy; toq;Ftjd; &gh 1>000
%yk; mtu;fspd; Cl;lr;rj;jpid Nkk;gLj;JNthk;. ,r;nraw;jpl;lk;; ,yq;if kpy;ypad; Kd;
KOtJKs;s fpuhkpa ghlrhiyfspy; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

42. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> ehk; tYtpoe;j kw;Wk; r%fj;jpy;


gpd;js;sg;gl;ltu;fspd; cupikfis tYg;gLj;Jtjw;F tpNrl ftdk; nrYj;Jk;
mNjNtis> midj;J kf;fspdJk; cupikfisAk; cWjpg;gLj;JNthk;.
mNjNeuk; vkJ r%fj;jpy; nghUshjhu Rje;jpuk; kw;Wk; kf;fspd; tYT+l;lypid
jLf;Fk; rkj;Jtkpd;ikia ePf;Fjy; Ntz;Lk;.

43. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ ehL eLj;ju tUkhdk; ngWk; ehL vd;w &gh 4>000
me;j];j;jpid mile;jpUf;Fk; epiyapy;> mjpetPd mjpNtf neLQ;rhiyfs; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mikg;gjpy; gy kpy;ypad;fis KjyPL nra;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; mNjNtis vkJ nkhopag;gl;llJ
ehl;by; Rkhu; 260>000 tPLfs; mbg;il Jg;guNtw;ghLfsw;w epiyapy;
fhzg;gLfpd;wd. cjhuzkhf mk;ghe;Njhl;il khtl;lkhdJ fypNghu;zpah
ghzpapy; ghupa fUj;jpl;lq;fs; kw;Wk; mjpNtf neLQ;rhiyfs;> rPd ghzpapy;
khehl;L kz;lgq;fs; kw;Wk; tpisahl;Lj; njhFjpfs; vd;gtw;iwf; nfhz;bUe;j
NghjpYk; 15>000 ,w;Fk; Nkw;gl;l kf;fs; mbg;gil Jg;guNtw;ghLfsw;w epiyapy;
tho;fpd;wdu;. MfNt> ehl;by; fhzg;gLk; Jg;guNtw;ghLfsw;w midj;J
tPLfSf;Fk; ,uz;L tUlq;fSf;Fs; kyry$l trjpfs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
,jd; %yk; 1 kpy;ypad; kf;fs; gad;ngWtu;. (tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (,)

44. NgUe;J epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk; Gifapuj epiyaq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L &gh 1>000
trjpfs; kpfTk; rPuw;w epiyapy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. Mz;fs;> ngz;fs; kw;Wk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mq;ftPdu;fSf;nfd gpuj;jpNafkhd trjpfSld; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfis nkhopag;gl;llJ
Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf epjp XJf;fPL nra;ag;gLk;. ,t;trjpfs; Nkk;gLj;jg;gl;ljd;
gpd;G ,tw;iwg; guhkupg;gjw;fhf jdpahu;Jiwapdu; miof;fg;gLtu;.
45. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; 50 rjtPjk; my;y>
mjw;F Nkw;gl;Nlhu; ngz; khztpfshff; fhzg;gLtijapl;L ehk; ngUikg;gLk;

6
mNjNtis> njhopw;gilapy; ngz;fspd; tPjkhdJ 30 rjtPjkhfNt
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J mtu;fis epjp uPjpapy; jq;fpapUg;NghuhfTk; kw;Wk;
tYtpoe;jtu;fshfTk; khw;wpAs;sJ. nghUj;jkhd rpWtu; kw;Wk; KjpNahu;
guhkupg;G trjpfs; kw;Wk; nefpo;r;rpaw;w njhopy; rl;lq;fs; vd;gd ngz;fs;
njhopw;gilapypUe;J ntspNaUtjw;F my;yJ Eiotjw;F jilahd gpujhd
fhuzq;fshf milahsk; fhzg;gl;Ls;sd.

46. ,e;epiyikiaj; jtpu;f;Fk; Kfkhf 250 ,w;Fk; Nkw;gl;l njhopyhsu;fisf;


nfhz;Ls;s tu;j;jf epWtdq;fspy; Foe;ijg; guhkupg;G trjpfis cUthf;Ftij
Cf;Ftpf;fpd;Nwd;. mNjNghy; njupT nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ghlrhiyfspy; ghlrhiyf;F
gpd;duhd tpLKiw epiyaq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;F cjtpaspf;fg;gLk;.
'vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; 'uf;ftu;z" rYiff; fld; epfo;r;rpj;
jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; Foe;ijg; guhkupg;G trjpfis cUthf;Ftjw;F
jdpahu;j;JiwapdUf;F trjpaspf;fg;gLk;.
47. kfspu; kw;Wk; rpWtu; tptfhu mikr;rhdJ Foe;ijfs; guhkupg;G epiyaq;fs;>
ghlrhiy Neuj;jpw;Fg; gpe;jpa tpLKiw guhkupg;G epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk; mJNghd;w
Vida trjpfspd; cUthf;fk; kw;Wk; nraw;ghLfs; njhlu;ghf Njitahd
topfhl;ly;fs; kw;Wk; xOq;Ftpjpfis ntspapLk;.
48. njhopw;gilapy; ngz;fspd; tiuaWj;j gq;Fgw;wyhdJ nghUshjhu tsu;r;rpf;fhd
,ilA+nuhd;whf milahsk; fhzg;gl;Ls;sJ. jdpahu;j;Jiwapy; gzpahw;Wk;
ngz;fSf;F trjpaspg;gjid ehq;fs; Cf;Ftpg;Nghk;. %d;W khjq;fSf;fhd
fl;lha gpurt tpLKiw fhyj;jpw;fhd rk;gsj;jpy; 50 rjtPjj;jpid epWtd
tupapid fdpg;gPL nra;Ak; NghJ Nkyjpfkhf fopj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F
,lkspf;fg;gLtNjhL> CopanuhUtUf;F cau;e;j gl;rkhf khjj;jpw;F 20>000
&ghtpidf; fopg;gjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLk;. 4 MtJ khjj;jpw;fhd gpurt
tpLKiwf;F ,k;Nkyjpff; fopg;gdtpid 100 rjtPjkhf ehq;fs; mjpfupg;Nghk;.
,r;rYifahdJ 5 tUl fhyj;jpw;F Vw;GilajhFk;.
49. ehl;bd; rdj;njhifapy; ngz;fs; 50 rjtPjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;ljhff; fhzg;gbDk;>
tpahghuj;Jiw cau; gjtpfspy; mtu;fspd; Njhw;wkhdJ kpfTk;
tiuaWf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. ,J gy;NtWgl;l r%ff; fl;likg;G kw;Wk; tpahghu
eilKiwfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. mjdhy; ngz;zhdts; r%fj;jpy; Kf;fpa
jPu;khdnkLf;Fk; tfpghfj;jpypUe;J jLf;fg;gLfpd;whs;. MfNt gq;Fr; re;ijapy;
epuy;gLj;jg;gl;l fk;gdpfspd; ,af;Fdu; rigfspy; ngz;fspd; mjpfsthd
gq;Fgw;Wjypid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf njhlu;r;rpahd mDFKiw xd;wpid
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. gpizaq;fs; kw;Wk; gq;Fg; guptu;j;jid Mizf;FO
,k;Kd;nkhoptpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;.
50. ngz;fs; ngUkstpy; nghUshjhu eltbf;iffspy; gq;Fgw;wf; $batifapy;
trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk; nghUl;L mtu;fs; gFjpNeu Ntiy>
nefpo;r;rpahd Ntiy Neuk; kw;Wk; tPl;bypUe;J Ntiyahw;wy; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F
,lkspf;Fk; tifapy; njhopy; rl;lj;jpid jpUj;Jtjw;F ,r;rigapd; Mjutpid
Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpd;Nwd;.
51. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> ehl;by; KjpNahu; ghJfhg;G epiyaq;fspd;
jukhdJ nghUj;jkhd xOq;FgLj;Jjy; Ntiyr; rl;lfk; kw;Wk; Nghjpasthd
Nrit toq;fy; fhzg;glhikapdhYk; NtWgl;Lf; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. MfNt> Njrpa
KjpNahu; nrayfkhdJ tYg;gLj;jg;gLtNjhL nghUj;jkhd xOq;FgLj;jy;
rl;lfj;jpid cUthf;FkhWk; Ntz;bf; nfhs;fpd;Nwhk;. NkYk; 'vd;lu;gpiw]; =
yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 'uf;ftu;z" rYiff; fld; jpl;lj;jpD}lhf
jdpahu;j;Jiwapdu; KjpNahu; guhkupg;G trjpfspy; KjyPL nra;tjw;F Cf;Ftpg;G
mspf;fg;gLk;.

52. jw;NghJ khw;Wj; jpwdhspfSf;F khjhe;jf; nfhLg;gdthf &gh 3>000 &gh 4>320
toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. ,k;khjhe;j nfhLg;gdit 5>000 &ghthf mjpfupg;gNjhL kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
Nkyjpfkhf jFjpngw;w Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngWk; 72>000 Ngiu cs;thq;Ftjw;Fk;
&gh 4>320 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gLk;. ,t;nthJf;fPL %yk; fhj;jpUg;Gg;
gl;bay; ePf;fg;gLk;.
53. midtiuAk; cs;slf;fpa njhopy;tha;g;gpid Cf;Ftpf;FKfkhf Fiwe;jgl;rk; &gh 200
5 khw;Wj; jpwdhspfSf;F njhopypy; toq;Fk; epWtdq;fSf;F xU egUf;F 50 kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;llJ

7
rjtPjkhd rk;gsk; khdpakhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,J MnshUtUf;F
Mff;$baJ 15>000 &ghthf 24 khjq;fSf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
54. mNjNghd;W jw;NghJ 21>000 jPuhj rpWePuf Nehapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fSf;F &gh 1>840
khjhe;jk; &gh 5>000 cjtpj; njhifahf toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. NkYk; 5>000 kpy;ypad;
Nehahspfis cs;thq;Fk; tifapy; ,j;jpl;lkhdJ tpupTgLj;jg;gLk;. ,jd; %yk; xJf;fPL
cjtpj; njhiff;fhff; fhj;jpUg;Nghu; gl;bay; ePf;fg;gLtNjhL ,jw;fhf &gh
1>840 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gLk;.
55. vkJ rpiwr;rhiyfshdJ Nghijg; nghUs; flj;jy;fhuu;fsd;wp Nghijg; nghUs; &gh 250
khgpahf;fspdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l mg;ghtpfspdhy; epuk;gp topfpd;wd. ,tu;fspd; kpy;ypad; Kd;
ngUk;ghyhNdhu; 30 tajpw;Ff; Fiwthdtu;fshFk;. ,tu;fis ghupa nkhopag;gl;llJ
Fw;wthspfSld; milj;J itg;gJ mtu;fis Nghijg; nghUs; ghtidapypUe;J
jLg;gjw;fhd rpwe;j KiwahfhJ. ,t;thwhd ifjpfSf;F Gdu;tho;tspg;gjw;fhd
trjpfSld; rpiwr;rhiy jpizf;fsj;jpd; Nkw;ghu;itapy; mk;NgG];] kw;Wk;
tPutpy Mfpa ,lq;fspy; 2 'fpg;Gl;];" Kiwapyhd gz;izfs; cUthf;fg;gLk;.
,k;Kaw;rpapy; jdpahu;j;Jiw kw;Wk; rptpy; r%fk; gq;Fgw;WtJ Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;.
56. jw;NghJ rpwpa Fw;wq;fSf;fhf jz;lid toq;fg;gl;l ngz;fspdhy; &gh 50
rpiwr;rhiyfs; epuk;gpf; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. mtu;fs; jdpikapy; tplg;gLtJld; kpy;ypad; Kd;
vt;tpj ftdpg;Gkw;W Gdu;tho;tspf;fg;glhj epiyapy;> mtu;fSk; ghupa nkhopag;gl;llJ
Fw;wthspfshf khw;wg;glyhk;. MfNt> rpwe;j trjpfSld; njhopw;gapw;rp kw;Wk;
mgptpUj;jp Jiwfshd fiy> iftpid kw;Wk; tpidj;jpwd;kpf;f tho;thjhu
jpwd;fSld; gapw;rp trjpfisf; nfhz;l epiyankhd;wpid njhk;Ng gpuNjrj;jpy;
cUthf;fg; nghUj;jkhd ,lj;jpid milahsq; fhz;gjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
57. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> 2018 Mz;Lf; fhyg;gFjpapy; kf;fspd; tPl;Lj; &gh 24>500
Njitfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjpy; Fwpg;gpLk;gbahd Kd;Ndw;wj;jpid ehk; kpy;ypad;
mile;Js;Nshk;. vkJ Kaw;rpahdJ tpNrlkhf r%fj;jpd; tYtpoe;jtu;fSf;fhd xJf;fPL
tPl;L trjpfis ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJld;> midtupdJk; tPl;Lg; gpur;rpidapidj;
jPu;g;gjw;F trjpaspg;gJkhFk;. tpNrlkhf Fiwe;j tUkhdk; ngWk; efu> fpuhkpa>
ngUe;Njhl;lj; njhopyhsu; kw;Wk; tlf;Ff; fpof;F Mfpa tPlikg;Gg;
gpur;rpidfis jPu;g;gjhFk;. ,J gpujhdkhf efu kPs;cUthf;Fk; fUj;jpl;lk;
kw;Wk; khjpupf; fpuhk epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; vd;gtw;wpD}lhf mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;.
,jw;fhf &gh 24>500 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt 2019 ,y; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
58. mNjNtis> 2019 Mk; Mz;L tlf;F kw;Wk; fpof;F khfhzq;fspy; 15>000 &gh 4>500
nrq;fw;fspyhyhd tPLfspd; epu;khzg; gzpfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf &gh kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
4>500 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;fhf NkYk; &gh 5>500 kpy;ypad;
ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. tlf;fpypUe;J gyte;jkhf ntspNaw;wg;gl;l K];ypk;fspd; &gh 5>500
kPs;FbNaw;wk; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;F vLf;fg;gl;Ls;s kpy;ypad; Kd;
eltbf;iffshdJ njhlu;e;Jk; mKy;gLj;jg;gLtJld;> Njitahd tsq;fSk; nkhopag;gl;llJ
ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
59. gy epahakhf tpiyaplg;gl;l eLj;ju tUkhd tPlikg;Gj; jpl;lq;fs; Vw;fdNt
G+uzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sd. 2019Mk; Mz;by; thj;Jit> uhfik> af;fiy>
Fz;lrhiy> nghuiy kw;Wk; gd;dpg;gpl;ba Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; Njrpa tPlikg;G
mjpfhu rig kw;Wk; efu mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rigapdhy; NkYk; rpy tPlikg;Gj;
jpl;lq;fs; G+uzg;gLj;jg;glTs;sJld;> Muk;gpf;fg;glTKs;sd.
60. vt;thwhapDk;> tpNrlkhf eLj;ju tUkhdk; ngWk; Kjw; jlitahf tPl;bidf;
nfhs;tdT nra;Ak; Gjpa ,sk; jk;gjpfSf;F tPnlhd;wpidf; nfhs;tdT
nra;tjw;F my;yJ jq;fsJ Kjy; tPl;bid epu;khzpj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;F
'vd;lu;gpiu]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo;,f;fld; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 'N`hk;
];tPl; N`hk;" fld; jpl;lkhdJ &gh. 10 kpy;ypad; tiu 6 rjtPj tl;bapy; 25
tUl fhyj;jpy; jpUg;gpr;nrYjjy; vd;wtifapy; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. ,f;fld;
jpl;lkhdJ jdpahu; Jiwapdhy; epu;khzpf;fg;gLk; tPLfs; my;yJ eLj;juj;jpyhd
khbtPLfis nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;Fk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
61. vkJ ntspehl;Lj; njhopyhsu;fs; tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;bf; nfhs;tjpy; ngUk;
rpf;fy;fis vjpu;nfhs;fpd;wdu;. MfNt> mtu;fsJ tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;bf;
nfhs;Sk; fdtpid epiwNtw;wf; $ba tifapy; 'vd;lgpiu]]; = yq;fh"
epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 'rpfpd khspfh" rYiff; fld; jpl;lkhdJ

8
mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ntspehl;L Ntiytha;g;Gg; gzpafj;jpy; gjpT nra;J
jw;NghJ ntspehl;by; Ntiy nra;gtu;fs; ,f;fld; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; &gh 10
kpy;ypad; tiu 15 tUl fhyj;jpy; jpUg;gpr; nrYj;jy; vd;wtifapy; ngw;Wf;
nfhs;syhk;. ,f;flDf;fhd tl;br; nrytpdj;jpy; 75 rjtPjj;jpid murhq;fk;
nghWg;Ngw;Fk;. (tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (M)-1.17) ntspehl;by; NtiyGupAk;
FLk;gq;fSf;F cjtpahf ru;tNjr njiyj; njhlu;G mwtPlhdJ ePf;fg;gLk;.
cyf re;ijAld; ,izjy; - Vw;Wkjp
62. Vw;Wkjp kw;Wk; Vida ntspehl;;L tUkhd %yq;fisj; Jupjg;gLj;Jjy; &gh 400
epiyNguhd nghUshjhu tsu;r;rp kw;Wk; fld; kPs; nfhLg;gdT ,aYik kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
vd;gtw;wpw;F kpf Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. 2018Mk; Mz;L tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpy;
ehq;fs; Vw;Wkjpr; re;ijg; gpuNtr epfor;;rpj; jpl;lk; kw;Wk; Njrpa Vw;Wkjp
cghaj; jpl;lk; vd;gtw;wpd; ntspaPl;bid mwptpj;Njhk;. ,t;tUlKk; &gh 250
kpy;ypad; Kd;
mtw;wpw;fhd MjuTfs; njhlug;gLtJld;> Vw;Wkjp re;ij gpuNtr epfo;r;rpj; nkhopag;gl;llJ
jpl;lj;jpw;F &gh. 400 kpy;ypad;fSk;> Njrpa Vw;Wkjp cghaj; jpl;lj;jpw;F &gh.
250 kpy;ypad;fSk; xJf;fg;gLk;. Njrpa Vw;Wkjp cghakhdJ Njrpaj;
juj;jpyhd cl;fl;likg;G cghaj;jpid mKy; gLj;JtjpidAk;
cs;slf;fpajhFk;. ,J Vw;Wkjp cw;gj;jpg; nghUs; mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk;
,wf;Fkjpj; ju gupNrhjid vd;gtw;wpw;fhd njhopy;El;g trjpfis
Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhd mur jdpahu; gq;fspg;ghFk;.
63. murhq;fkhdJ gy tu;j;jf cld;gbf;iffspd; tiyg;gpd;dy; cghaj;jpw;F
mu;g;gzpj;Js;sJ. ,it gpuhe;jpa ngWkjpr; rq;fpypfSld; njhlu;Ggl;ljhFk;.
rpq;fg;G+Uldhd Re;jpu tu;j;jf cld;gbf;ifapd; ntw;wpfukhd G+uzg;gLj;jYld;>
,jd; nra;Kiwapd; NghJ fw;Wf; nfhz;l ghlq;fshdJ jw;NghJ
fye;Jiuahlg;gl;L tUk; ,e;jpah> rPdh kw;Wk; jha;yhe;Jldhd Rje;jpukhd
tu;j;jf cld;gbf;iffspd; fye;Jiuahlypd; NghJ ftdj;jpw; nfhs;sg;gLk;.
64. xU ',e;jpar; re;ijf;fhd EioT" kw;Wk; 'rPd re;ijf;F Eiotjw;fhd cghak;" &gh 50
,r;re;ijfspy; ,yq;if njhopy; Kaw;rpahsu;fspd; ntw;wpfukhd tuyhWfspd; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mbg;gilapy; ,t;Tghaq;fs; jahupf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. nkhopag;gl;llJ
,r;nraw;ghlhdJ jdpahu; Jiwapd; gq;fspg;Gld; Kf;fpa re;ijfspd;
Kd;Dupikj; JiwfSf;fhd tu;j;jf ,y;yq;fs; cUthf;fg;gLtjpD}lhf
Mjutspf;fg;gLk;. ,t;tu;j;jf ,y;yq;fshdJ ,yq;if epWtdq;fs;
mr;re;ijfspy; tpepNahf tiyaikg;Gf;fis Njbf;nfhs;Sjy;>
nfhs;tdthsu;fs; njhlu;Gfs; kw;Wk; Vida js cjtpfis ngw;Wf;
nfhs;tjpy; cjtpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;.
65. tho;f;ifr; nrytpidf; Fiwj;jy; kw;Wk; nghUshjhuj;jpy; xg;gPl;L
mD$yj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jk; xU msTNfhshf fle;j tUl tuTnryTj;
jpl;lj;jpy; midj;J Jizj; jPu;itfisAk; fl;lk; fl;lkhf ePf;Ftjw;F
Kd;nkhopag;gl;lJ. ,J 2017Mk; Mz;L etk;gu; khjj;jpy; 1200 Jiz tupfis
ePf;FtJld; Muk;gkhapw;W. ,r;nraw;ghlhdhJ midj;J ,iaG Kiwf;
FwpaPLfSk; xU ,wf;Fkjp nr]; tup %yk; ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gLfpd;w tifapy;
2019Mk; Mz;bYk; njhlu;e;J Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. ifj;njhopy;fs; ,jw;F
,iaghFtjw;F mtrpakhd fhy mtfhrj;jpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk; tifapy;
Jizj; jPu;it ,y;yhnjhopj;jyhdJ Ie;J tUlq;fSf;F ,lk;ngWk;.
66. tpahghuq;fs; kw;Wk; KjyPLfspd; kPjhd Muk;gr; nrytpid Fiwf;Fk; Kfkhf
nghwpfs; kw;Wk; cgfuzq;fs; kPjhd (,iaG Kiwf; FwpaPL mj;jpahak; 84
kw;Wk; 85) JiwKfk; kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPLfis cau;e;j
gl;;rk; 2.5 rjtPjkhf Fiwg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. NkYk;> epu;khzj;
Jiw> Rw;Wyh kw;Wk; jahupg;Gj; Jiwfspd; fpuaj;jpid mjpfupf;fr; nra;Ak;
,ilepiyg; nghUl;fs; kPjhd nr]; tupapid Fiwg;gjw;fhd epfo;r;rpj;
jpl;lj;jpidj; Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,g;nghUl;fs; kPjhd
nr]; tupahdJ %d;W tUl fhyj;jpd; NghJ ,y;yhjhf;fg;gLk;.
67. ,r;nrad;Kiwapd; NghJ ,wf;Fkjpfspd; %yk; ghupa Nghl;bj; jd;ikapid
vjpu;nfhs;Sk; cs;@u; ifj;njhopy;fSf;F Mjutspg;gJ ,d;wpaikahjjhFk;.
kpifg; nghUs; jpzpg;ngjpu;g;G kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G njhlu;ghd rl;lthf;fk;
,r;rigapy; Vw;fdNt epiwNtw;wg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf tu;j;jf
rPuhf;fy; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; jahupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,J tYtpoe;j epWtdq;fs; kw;Wk;

9
njhopyhsu;fs; jkJ njhopy;El;g Nkk;ghL kw;Wk; gapw;rpfs; kPjhd nryTfis
<Lnra;tjw;F epjpAjtpfis ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;. midj;J ,iaG epiyf;
FwpaPLfspYk; 10 tPjkhdit kpfTk; czu;TG+u;tkhd nghUl;fshFk;. ,it
KOikahd Jizj; jPu;it xopg;gpw;F cl;glkhl;lhJ vd;gjpid ehk; cWjpg;
gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;. ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gLk; nghUl;fs; cl;gl midj;Jg;
nghUl;fspdJk; ju epu;zaj;jpid cWjp nra;Ak; Kfkhf Njrpa ju
cl;fl;likg;gpw;Fj; Njitahd Nkk;gLj;jy;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wd.
68. tu;j;jf rPuhf;fy; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpid mKy; gLj;Jtjw;fhd gupe;Jiufis &gh 250
toq;Fk; Kfkhf cgha mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; ru;tNjr tu;j;jf mikr;rpd; fPo; xU kpy;ypad; Kd;
tu;j;jf kw;Wk; cw;gj;jpj; jpwd; Mizf;FOtpid cUthf;Ftjw;F ehd; nkhopag;gl;llJ
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tu;j;jf rPuhf;fy; epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpid ,uz;L tUlq;fspy;
mKy; gLj;Jtjw;F &gh 500 kpy;ypad;fis xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

69. ehq;fs; njhopy; Kaw;rp Gj;jhf;f epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpid Muk;gpf;fTs;Nshk;. ,J &gh 50


,yq;if epWtdq;fspdhy; GJikahd Gjpa nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; njhopy;El;gq;fis kpy;ypad; Kd;
mgptpUj;jp nra;tjw;F kw;Wk; fz;Lgpbg;gjw;F cjtpaspf;Fk;. ,j;jpl;lkhdJ 3 nkhopag;gl;llJ
tUl fhyg;gFjpapy; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;. fUg;nghUSf;fhd Mjhuk;> Muha;r;rp
mgptpUj;jp kw;Wk; njhopy;El;g cs;thq;fy; vd;gd kPjhd nghUj;Jif khdpak;
ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
70. njhopy; Kd;ndLg;Gf;fSf;F Mjutspf;Fk; Kfkhf fle;j tuT nryTj;
jpl;lj;jpy; nghWg;G tiuaWf;fg;gl;l gq;Filik fl;likg;gpid mwpKfk;
nra;tjw;F Kd;nkhopag;gl;lJ. ,J njhlu;ghd Muk;g tiuT
G+uzg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJld;> ,t;tUlj;jpy; ,J rl;lthf;fkhf mgptpUj;jp
nra;ag;gLk;.
71. ,yq;ifahdJ %yjdr; re;ijia tq;fp epjpaPl;lj;jpw;F Nkyhf mgptpUj;jp
nra;a Ntz;bAs;sJ. Mokhd kw;Wk; jputf; fld; %yjdr; re;ijapd;
KJnfYk;ghdJ rpwg;ghd mur gpizaq;fs; re;ijahFk;. ehq;fs; gpujpfsw;w
=yq;fh mgptpUj;jp Kwpfs; kw;Wk; $g;gd;fsw;w jpiuNrwp Kwpfs;
,aYkhf;fiy mwpKfQ; nra;Nthk;. ,J njhlu;ghdh mtrpakhd cl;fl;likg;G
trjpfSld; KjyPLfis Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F ,yq;if kj;jpa tq;fpAld; ,ize;J
nraw;gLNthk;.

72. 2017 kw;Wk; 2018 ,y; ,yq;ifahdJ ntspehl;L Neub KjyPl;by;


vd;Wkpy;yhjstpyhd miltpid fhl;baJld;> ehl;by; epiyahd KjyPLfis
NkYk; tpupT gLj;JtJ mtrpakhfpd;wJ. MfNt kpfg;ngWkjpahd KjyPLfis
ftu;e;J nfhs;tjw;F Cf;Ftpg;G nghjpnahd;W Kd;nkhopag;gLfpd;wJ. ,J
I.m.nlh. 50 kpy;ypad;> I.m.nlh. 100 kpy;ypad; kw;Wk; I.m.nlh. 1000
kpy;ypaDf;F Nkyjpfkhd KjyPLfSf;F KjyPl;Lg; ngWkjpapy; 150 tPjk;
tiuapyhd %yjdf; nfhLg;gdT kw;Wk; KjyPLfs; kPjhd Kw;gz tupfs;
ePf;fg;gLjy; vd;gdtw;iw cs;slf;fpajhFk;. (tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (,)

73. jdpahu; JiwapdUldhd fye;Jiuahliyj; njhlu;e;J> jdpahu; Jiwapd; rpy


nghUj;jkhd Ntz;LNfhs;fis rPu;nra;tjw;Fk;> mKy; gLj;Jtjw;Fk;
trjpaspf;ff; $ba tifapy; cs;ehl;L ,iwtupr; rl;lj;jpy; rpy jpUj;jq;fis
Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,itfs; njhopy;El;;gf; Fwpg;gpy;
tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
&gh 500
74. Vw;Wkjp Cf;Ftpg;gpw;F trjpaspf;ff; $ba tifapy; gpq;fpupa kw;Wk; tftj;j kpy;ypad; Kd;
ifj;njhopy; tyaq;fspy; NtiyfSf;F Mjutspf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

75. ifj;njhopy; mgptpUj;jpr; rigapd; fPo; fhq;Nfrd;Jiw> khe;ijf; fpof;F>


&gh 1>000
gue;jd;> nfhz;lr;rp> fpd;dpah> rk;khe;Jiw kw;Wk; jpUNfhzkiyapy; kpy;ypad; Kd;
ifj;njhopy; Ngl;ilfs; cUthf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

76. 'jfty; njhopy;El;g KidthdJ" fiyapypUe;J tpQ;Qhdj;jpw;fhd cs;sfg;


&gh 300
gapw;rp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpw;F trjpaspf;ff; $ba tifapy; tpupTgLj;jg;gLk;. kpy;ypad;
,jd; fPo; 1000 Ntiyaw;w fiyj;Jiwg; gl;ljhupfis jfty; njhopy;El;;g xJf;fPL
tpahghu nrayhw;Wifg; nghwpKiw kw;Wk; ntspthup mwpTr; nrayhw;Wif

10
epWtdq;fspy; xU tUl cs;sfg; gapw;rp ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gJld; gapw;rpapd; 12
khjq;fSf;fhd khjhe;j rk;gsj;jpd; 50 tPjj;jpid my;yJ cau;e;j gl;rkhf
25>000 &ghit murhq;fj;jpdhy; nghWg;Ngw;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf Vw;fdNt &gh 300
kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
77. ehk; Kf;fpakhf jfty; njhopEl;g Nritfs; Jiwapy; <Lgl;Ls;s epWtdq;fs;
jkJ Ntjd nrytpdj;jpy; 35 rjtPjj;jpid Nkyjpf nrythf fopg;gjw;F
ngw;Ws;s jifikapid ePf;FNthk;.
78. ehk; flw;gil> Rq;fk;> FbtuT> jdpahd kw;Wk; ifj;njhopy; gapw;rp epWtfk;> &gh 250
,yq;if ju epu;za epWtfk; kw;Wk; Njrpa ePupay; ts %yq;fs; Kftu; Nghd;w kpy;ypad; Kd;
Vida Njrpa ju cj;juthj epWtdq;fs; vd;gdtw;iw cs;slf;fpajhd nkhopag;gl;llJ
xUq;fpize;j vy;iyf; fl;Lg;ghl;Lg; gpuptpid mwpKfg;gLj;JNthk;. Rq;fj;
jpizf;fsj;jpd; fly; gpuptpid kPsikg;gjd; %yk; rl;ltpNuhj flj;jy; kw;Wk;
Nghijg; nghUs; tu;j;jfk; ,y;yhnjhopf;fg;gLk;

79. murhq;fk; Gjpa Rq;f rl;l efypid ,aw;Wk; nraw;ghLfspy; <Lgl;Ls;sJ.


,Ue;j NghjpYk; ,e;j ,ilg;gl;l fhyj;jpy; rpy gpujhd khw;wq;fshd tu;j;jf
trjpfis Nkk;gLj;jy; %yk; ntspg;gilj; jd;ikia mjpfupj;jy;> KiwaPl;L
nraw;ghLfis mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;> kw;Wk; ,lu; Kfhikj;Jtk; vd;gd
njhlu;ghd tplaq;fspy; jpUj;jq;fis Vw;gLj;Jtjw;F gpNuupf;fpd;Nwd;.
MNyhrid njhlu;ghd tplaj;jpid eilKiwg;gLj;Jtjw;F Kd;du; ,t;thwhd
jpUj;jq;fspw;F gq;Fgw;Weu;fspd; MNyhrid ngwg;gl;L mjdbg;gilapy; cs;s
Mjutpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Ntz;Lk;.

80. epjp mikr;rpd; fPo; Xu; tUkhd csTg; gpupT mikf;fg;glTs;sJ. vkJ gpujhd &gh 250
tUkhdk; Nrfupf;Fk; jpizf;fsq;fshd Rq;fk;> cs;ehl;;L tUkhd tupj; kpy;ypad; Kd;
jpizf;fsk; kw;Wk; kJtupj; jpizf;fsk; vd;gtw;wpy; tUkhd Nrfupg;gpid nkhopag;gl;llJ
tpupTgLj;jy;> Nrfupf;fg;gLk; nkhj;j tUkhdj;ij mjpfupj;jy; gzf;frpT kw;Wk;
tup Va;g;gpid Fiwj;jy; Nghd;w trjpfis Vw;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpy;
mikf;fg;glTs;sJ.
81. Rq;ftupj; jpizf;fsj;jpy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l nghUshjhu nghwpKiw nray;
jpl;lk; 2019Mk; Mz;by; Muk;gpf;fg;gl cs;sJ. ,J ,zq;fhzg;gl;l ,lu;
Fiwe;j tpahghupfs; kw;Wk; mDkjp Kftu;fs; MfpNahUf;F tpiuTgLj;jg;gl;l
mDkjpapid ngw;Wf; nfhs;s toptFf;Fk;.

82. murhq;fk; Efu;Nthu; ghJfhg;G njhlu;ghf rpy nghUl;fSf;F fl;Lg;ghl;L


tpiyfis tpjpj;Js;sJ. ,Ue;j NghjpYk; epahakhd tpiy rPuikg;G %yk;
jilapd;wpa tpepNahfk; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gly; mtrpakhdJ. ,t;tpistpid Nehf;fp
murhq;fk; xU nghwpKiia mwpKfg;gLj;jp mjd; %yk; fl;Lg;ghl;L tpiy
njhlu;ghd kPsha;tpid khwp ehzakhw;W tPjk; kw;Wk; Vida khwpfisf;
ftdj;jpw; nfhz;L fhyhz;bw;nfhUKiw eilKiwg;gLj;Jk;.
83. ,uj;jpdk; kw;Wk; Mguz ifj;njhopypid Nkk;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpy; gl;il
jPl;lg;glhj ,uj;jpd ,wf;Fkjpapy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l JiwKfk; kw;Wk; tpkhd
epiya mwtPL> fw;fisg; gjpg;gjw;fhd cgfuzk; vd;gtw;Wf;F tpjpf;fg;gl;l
Rq;f tup 7.5 rjtPjj;jpypUe;J 2.5 rjtPjkhf Fiwf;fg;gLfpwJ.

84. Fiwe;j fhyg;gFjpapy; mgptpUj;jpf;F mjpfstpy; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;Ak; Jiwahf


Rw;Wyhj; Jiw tpsq;FfpwJ. ,j;Jiwapy; gq;fspf;fg;gLk; epjpapidf;
fUj;jpw;nfhz;L ntspehl;L ehza ngWiffis ngw;wf; nfhs;Sk; Rw;Wyh
tpLjpfspid ,yq;if Rw;Wyh mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rigapdhy; gjpT nra;ag;gLk;
NghJ mwtplg;gLk; Njrf; fl;Lkhd thp ePf;fg;glTs;sJ.

85. N`hl;ly;fspy; fl;lzr; rpl;ilfs; I.m. nlhyh;fspy; toq;fg;gLk; NghJ gpuahz


Kfth;fs; mjw;fhd fl;lzj;jpid I.m. nlhyh;fspy; nrYj;Jtjidf;
fl;lhakhf;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,J njhlh;ghd mwpTWj;jy;fis
kj;jpa tq;fp ntspapLk;.
86. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> Kf;fpakhf N`hl;ly; gjpTfis Nkw;nfhs;tjpy;
,iza js njhopy;El;gg; gad;ghL fhuzkhf ghuk;ghpa tpUe;Njhk;gy;

11
njhopw;Wiw Kiwrhuh Jiwapd; tsh;r;rpAld; gy;NtW khw;wq;fisf;
fz;Ls;sJld; njhlh;e;Jk; xOq;FgLj;jg;glhkYk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ.
87. ,jd; fhuzkhf> ehk; ,izaj; js %ykhd xJf;fPLfspdhy; ngwg;gLk;
ed;ikfis Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; mNjNtisapy; gbg;gbahf rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju
njhopw;Wiwapid Kiwrhh;e;j Rw;Wyhj;JiwAld; ,izj;Jf; nfhs;sf;$ba
Njitapid fUj;jpw; nfhs;sy; mtrpak; mjd;gb 2020 Vg;uy; 01 Me;
jpfjpapypUe;J 5 miwfSf;F Nkyjpfkhdjhf Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; ,izaj;js
gjpTfs; / tiyj;js xJf;fPLfs; N`hl;ly; my;yJ NtW epWtdj;jpdhy;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLkhdhy; mit ,yq;if Rw;Wyh mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rigapy;
gjpT nra;ag;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;. ,jid ,yFgLj;Jk; tifapy; ,g; gjpTr;
nrad;Kiw NkYk; vspjhf;fg;gLk;.
88. mNjNtisapy;> ifj;njhopw;Wiwapid tpisahl;Lr; Rw;Wyh Nghd;w Gjpa
Kd;ndLg;GfSf;F gz;Kfg;gLj;Jfpd;w vkJ nfhs;ifapidf; fUj;jpw; nfhz;L
,yq;ifapid rh;tNjr Nfh-fhh;l; (Kart) tpisahl;Lf;Fr; rpwe;j ,lkhf
Kd;Ndw;Wtjw;F ,yq;if Rw;Wyh mgptpUj;;jp mjpfhu rigAld; ,ize;J
jdpahh; Jiwapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. vdNt> ,e;j
tifapy; fhh;l; ge;ija thfdq;fs; kw;Wk; fhh;;l; thfdq;fSf;Fg;
gad;gLj;jg;gLk; uah;fs; kPjhd nr]; thp kw;Wk; Rq;fj; jPh;itapid ePf;Ftjw;F
ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
89. epWtd tUkhd thpahd 14 rjtPjj;jpid nrYj;Jfpd;w Vw;Wkjpj; Jiwfspd;
kPJ tpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk; 0.5 rjtPjj;jpypUe;J 0.25
rjtPjkhf Fiwf;fg;glTs;sJ. ,J Vw;Wkjpfs;> jfty; njhopy;El;gk; kw;Wk;
Rw;Wyh Nghd;wtw;wpw;F rpwe;j ce;Jjyhf mikAk;.
90. N`hl;ly;fis Gzu;epu;khdk; nra;tjw;F trjpNaw;gLj;jpf;nfhLf;Fk; Kfkhf rpy
Nju;T nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fs; njhlu;ghd nr]; tup tPjk; Fiwf;fg;gLk;.
91. Nkhrkhd epiyapy; fhzg;gLk; kj;jpa fyhrhu epjpak; Rw;Wyhg; gazpfisf;
ftUk; tpjj;jpy; Xa;T miwfs;> mwptpj;jy; gyiffs;> ghJfhg;Gr; rhtbfs;>
jfty; ikaq;fs; Nghd;w nghJ trjpfis cUthf;Ftjw;Fj; Njitahd
epjpAjtpfis toq;Ftjd; %yk; mgptpUj;jp nra;ag;gLk;.
92. 18 tajpw;Ff; fPo;gl;l khztuhfj; jkJ milahsj;jpid cWjpg; gLj;Jk;
ru;tNjr Rw;Wyhg; gazpfSf;Fupa Njrpag; G+q;fhf;fs; kw;Wk; fyhrhuj; jsq;fs;
vd;gtw;wpw;fhd EioTf; fl;lzq;fs; vjpu;tUk; 2019 [{d; 1Me; jpfjpapypUe;J 50
rjtPjj;jpdhy; Fiwf;fg;gLk;.
93. cs;Su; fl;Lkhd epWtdq;fSf;F trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk; Kfkhf
KOikahd ntspehl;L epjp KjyPLfs; jtpu;e;j Vida murhq;ff; fUj;jpl;lq;fs;
cs;ehl;Lf; fl;Lkhd epWtdq;fSlNdh cs;Su; MNyhrid toq;Fk;
epWtdq;fSlNdh $l;L xg;ge;jq;fs; nra;J nfhs;shj ru;tNjr epWtdq;fSf;F
murhq;f fUj;jpl;l xg;ge;jq;fs; toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ. ,J cs;Su; epWtdq;fs;
Gjpa njhopy;El;gj;jpid ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F trjpNaw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk;.
94. epu;khzj; Jiw fpuaq;fshdJ Kd;nkhopag;gl;Ls;s cg jPu;it jpUj;jq;fs;
kw;Wk; gpujhd epu;khzj;Jiw xg;ge;ef;fhuu; kPjhd Njrf; fl;Lkhd tupapid
ePf;Fjy; vd;gtw;wpd; %yk; Fiwg;gjw;Fj; jPu;khdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
95. Mjd mgptpUj;jpj; Jiwapid NkYk; mgptpUj;jp nra;Ak; Kfkhf ehd; gpd;tUk;
tplaq;fis Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
m. ,yq;ifapy; 400>000 If;fpa mnkupf;fh nlhyu;fs; my;yJ mjw;F Nky;
$l;L Mjdq;fspy; KjyPL nra;Js;s ntspehl;bdu;f;F %d;W
tUlq;fSf;F FbapUg;G tP]h toq;fg;gLk;. ,r;nrad;Kiw
,t;tUlj;jpy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,f;FbapUg;G tP]h Fwpj;j
ntspehl;bdu; jk; KjyPl;bypUe;J ntspNaWk; gl;rj;jpy;
nry;Ygbaw;wjhf khWk;.

12
M. fl;Lkhdg; nghUl;fSf;fhd ,wf;Fkjp nr]; tup 30 rjtPjj;jpdhy;
Fiwf;fg;glTs;sJ.
96. epiyNgwhd rf;jpts mjpfhu rigahdJ 2019Mk; Mz;by; midj;J tu;j;jf
fl;blq;fs; kPjhd kpd;rf;jp njhlu;ghd Fiwe;j gl;r epakq;fis cUthf;Fk;.
jw;NghJs;s midj;J tu;j;jff; fl;blq;fSf;Fk; Fiwe;j gl;r epakq;fis
cs;thq;fpf; nfhs;tjw;F 2019,y; ,Ue;J Ie;J tUl fhy mtfhrj;ijg; ngw;Wf;
nfhLf;Fk;.
97. mNj Ntis jpU. rghehafu; mtu;fNs> epu;khzj;Jiwapy; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; gy
fl;bl %yg; nghUl;fSf;F Fiwe;j gl;r epakq;fs; fhzg;glhJs;sJ. ,jdhy;
fl;blq;fs; kw;Wk; Vida epu;khzq;fspd; cWjpj; jd;ik kw;Wk; epiyNgw;Wj;
jd;ik vd;gtw;wpy; tpl;Lf;nfhLg;G kw;Wk; gy vjpu;kiwahd tpisTfSf;Fk;
Kfq;nfhLf;f Ntz;bAs;sJ. mjdbg;gilapy; ,yq;if ju epu;za
epWtfkhdJ Fspayiw cgfuzq;fs;> Foha;fs;> kiof;Fspay; cgfuzk;
Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhd Fiwe;jgl;r ju epakq;fs; ,w;iwg;gLj;jg;gl;L 2020 Vg;uypy;
,Ue;J mKy;gLj;Jk;. ,jd; %yk; ePu;g;gw;whf;Fiwf;fhd gpujhd %ykhdJ
rPu;nra;ag;gLk;.

mwptpdhy; topelj;jg;gLk; jpwd;tha;e;j r%fk;


98. nfsut rgehafu; mtu;fNs> fy;tpj; Jiw kPjhd KjyPl;L cghakhdJ ,uz;L
Nehf;fq;fis mile;J nfhs;tjw;fhf topelhj;jg;gLfpd;wJ. mjhtJ
cl;fl;likg;G trjpfspd; fpilg;gdtpid cWjpg;gLj;JtNjhL ghltpjhd kw;Wk;
Mrpupau; gapw;rp Nkk;gLj;jy;fs; %yk; khztu;fSf;F re;ju;g;gq;fis
cUthf;FtJkhFk;.
99. vkJ murhq;fj;jpd; gpujhd epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lkhd midj;Jr; rpwhu;fSf;Fk; '13 &gh 32>000
tUl fy;tp" ,t;tUlj;jpy; NkYk; Mjutspf;fg;gLk;. ,jdbg;gilapy; tpQ;Qhd kpy;ypad;
Ma;T $lq;fs;> tFg;giwfs;> Jg;guT Vw;ghLfs; kw;Wk; ePu; trjpfs; Mrpupau; xJf;fPL
tpLjpfs; vd;gtw;wpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf ehq;fs; Vw;fdNt &gh 32>000
kpy;ypad;fis xJf;fpAs;Nshk;.
100. mNj Ntis Mrpupau;fspd; njhlu;r;rpahd njhopy;thz;ik mgptpUj;jpahdJ &gh 100
njhopy; El;g cl;nrYj;jy; %yk; trjpaspf;fg;gl;L mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
,f;fw;ifnewpfshdJ jw;NghJ fhzg;gLk; trjpfisg; gad;gLj;jp ghlrhiy nkhopag;gl;llJ
tpLKiw fhyq;fspy; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk;.
101. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ ghltpjhdq;fshdJ ju;f;f uPjpahd kw;Wk;
gFg;gha;Tj; jpwd;> Mf;fj; jpwdhd fw;if Kiwikfs; kPJ ftdQ;
nrYj;jg;gLk; tz;zk; etPdkag;gLj;jg;gLk;. vkJ vjpu;fhy KjyPLfshdJ
jw;NghJ jahupf;fg;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fiyapD}lhf tpQ;Qhdk;> njhopy;El;gk;>
nghwpapay; kw;Wk; fzpjf; fy;tpj; jpl;lj;jpD}lhf topelhj;jg;gLk;. ,J
khztu;fs; rq;fPjj;Jld; fzpjk; my;yJ Mq;fpyj;Jld; capupay; ghlq;fs;
Nghd;w ghlq;fspd; Nru;f;ifapidj; njupT nra;a toptFf;fpd;wJ.
102. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> fy;tpr; rpwg;Gj; Nju;r;rpf;fhd Gyikg; guprpy; &gh 500
xd;wpid Muk;gpg;gJ njhlu;ghd mwptpg;gpid Nkw;nfhs;tjpy; kpy;ypad; Kd;
kfpo;r;rpailfpd;Nwd;. ,jd; %yk; f.nghj. (c.j) guPl;irapy; ngsjPf nkhopag;gl;llJ
tpQ;Qhdk;> capupay; tpQ;Qhdk;> njhopy; El;;gk;> tu;j;jfk; kw;Wk; fiyg;
gpupTfspy; cau; nrayhw;Wifapidf; fhl;Lk; khztu;fs; jkJ gy;fiyf;fof;
fy;tpapid `htl;> vk;.I.up.> xf;];Nghl;;> Nfk;g;wp[; Nghd;w gy;fiyf;foq;fspy;
njhlu;tjw;F ,e;epjpahdJ trjpaspf;Fk;. ,jw;fhd KjyhtJ jifik ngWk;
khztu; njhFjpahdJ 2019Mk; Mz;L Mf];l;by; ,lk;ngwTs;s cau; jug;
guPl;irapg; ngWNgWfspy; ,Ue;J njupT nra;ag;gLtu;. ,t;tUlj;jpy; jkJ
Jiwfspy; cau;e;j gl;r nrayhw;Wifapidf; fhl;Lk; 14 NgUf;F Gyikg;
guprpy;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; fPo; njupT nra;ag;gLfpd;wtu;fs;
cau;fy;tpapd; gpd;du; ehL jpUk;gp 15 tUlq;fs; ehl;bw;fhf Nritahw;w
Ntz;Lk;. ,g;Gyikg;guprpyhdJ Vida tUlq;fSf;Fk; tpupTgLj;jg;gLk;.
103. Kd;gs;spf; fy;tp mgptpUj;jpf;fhd KjyPLfshdJ Gwf;fdpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
Fiwe;jgl;r ju epakq;fSld; ,zq;fpr; nraw;gLtij cWjp nra;Ak; tifapy;

13
murhq;fkhdJ xOq;FgLj;jy; tfpghfj;jpid Vw;W ,j;Jiwapy; jdpahu;
Jiwapd; KjyPl;bid ehk; Cf;Ftpf;fpd;Nwhk;.
104. ,t;tpdhtpid mile;J nfhs;stjw;F murhq;fkhdJ ,yq;ifapy; Kd;gs;spf;
fy;tp epUthfk; kw;Wk; xOq;FgLj;jYf;fhd rl;l Ntiyr; rl;lfj;jpid mwpKfk;
nra;Ak;. Kd;gs;spf; fy;tp njhlu;ghd Njrpa ghltpjhd Ntiyr; rl;lfnkhd;W
Mrpupau; gapw;rp kw;Wk; Ntiyr; #oy;fs; Nkk;ghl;Lld; nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;.
105. cupa jifikfisf; nfhz;Ls;stu;fs; Kd;gs;sp fy;tp epiyaq;fis
cUthf;Ftjw;Fk;; murhq;fj;jpd; gjpT nra;ag;gl;l Kd;gs;sp epiyaq;fis
jpUj;jp GJg;gpg;gjw;Fk; trjpfs; nra;J nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; nghUl;L
'vd;lgpiw]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; “rpq;fpj;jp gh]y” rYiff;
fld; jpl;lnkhd;wpid ehk; mwpKfk; nra;aTs;Nshk;. ,f;flDf;fhd tl;bapy; 50
rjtPjj;jpid murhq;fk; khdpakhfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;. (tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (M)
1.16)

106. gy;fiyf;fofq;fspd; cl;fl;likg;G tjrpfspy; fhzg;gLk; ,ilntspapid &gh 25>000


G+uzg;gLj;Jtjw;fhf Vw;fdNt &gh. 25>000 kpy;ypad; xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. kpy;ypad;
,k;KjyPLfspD}lhf Nfl;Nghu;$lq;fs;> Nguhrphpah; myF> jpizf;fsf; fl;blj; xJf;fPL
njhFjpfs;> E}yfq;fs; kw;Wk; cztfq;fs; Nkk;gLj;jg;gLk;. tak;g kw;Wk;
rg;ufKitg; gy;fiyf;fofq;fspd; kUj;Jt gPlq;fSf;F ,ize;jjhf
&gh 600
Fspahg;gpl;ba kw;Wk; ,uj;jpdGup itj;jparhiyfspy; Nguhrpupau; gpupTfs; kpy;ypad; Kd;
cUthf;fg;gLk;. mNjNtis U`{Dg; gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; ,ize;j Rfhjhu nkhopag;gl;llJ
tpQ;Qhd gPlkhdJ cUthf;fg;gLk;. ,it vkJ ehl;;by; cldbj; Njtiahff;
fhzg;gLtJld;> khztu;fs; kUj;Jtj;Jld; njhlu;Ggl;l Jiwfspy; njhopiyj;
njhlu KbAk;. = [atu;jdGu gy;fiyf;fofj;jpy; kUj;Jtg; gPlj;jpy;
Gw;WNeha;> ePuopT kw;Wk; njhw;W Neha;fs; Nghd;wit njhlu;ghd Muha;r;rpfis
Nkw;nfhs;tjw;fhf etPdj; njhopy;El;gj;Jld; $ba Ma;T$lnkhd;W
cUthf;fg;gLk;.
107. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> tUlhe;jk; cau;jug; guPl;irf;Fj; Njhw;Wk; 300>000 &gh 200
,w;F Nkw;gl;l khztu;fspypUe;J 30>000 NgNu gy;fiyf;fofk; Eiofpd;wdu;. kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
mur gy;fiyf;fofq;fSf;F njupT nra;ag;glhj khztu;fs; jkJ cau;
fy;tpapid murJiway;yhj gy;fiyf;fofq;fspy; njhlu;tjw;F ehq;fs; fld;
jpl;lnkhd;wpid mwpKfk; nra;fpd;Nwhk;. 'vd;lgpiw]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj;
jpl;lj;jpd; “vdJ vjpu;fhyk;” fld; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; xU khztd; &gh 1.1
kpy;ypad; tiu flidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;. ,J 0 rjtPj tl;bapy; ngw;Wf;
nfhLf;fg;gLtJld;> gl;lg;gbg;gpid Kbj;J ,uz;L tUlq;fspd; gpd;Ng fld; kPs;
nrYj;jg;gl Ntz;baJld;> mJ 12 tUlq;fspy; jpUk;gpr; nrYj;jyhk;. (tpsf;ff;
Fwpg;G III (M)-1.11) tl;b khdpaj;jpw;fhf Vw;fdNt &gh 200 kpy;ypad;
xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
Ntiyf;fhd Mw;wy;

108. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> murhq;fkhdJ njhopw; fy;tpj; Jiwapy; ngUksT


KjyPLfis Nkw;nfhz;Ls;sJ. vt;thwhapDk;> ifj;njhopy; Jiwapd;
NjitfshdJ ,uz;L KidTfspy; G+u;j;jp nra;ag;glhJs;sJ. mjhtJ>
NghJkhdstpy; jpwd;tha;e;j kw;Wk; jd;dk;gpf;ifahd iftpidQu;fs;>
njhopy;El;g ty;Ydu;fs;> njhopy;El;gtpayhsu;fs; kw;Wk; Njitahd jpwd;fs;
fhzg;glhik. ifj;njhopw; Jiwapd; topfhl;LjYld; xUq;fpize;j jPu;T
kpfTk; jpwdhdjhff; fhzg;gLk;. mjdbg;gilapy; gpd;tUk; Kd;nkhopTfs;
rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
109. jk;kplk; fhzg;gLk; %ytsq;fis KOikahfg; gad;gLj;jhj njupT nra;ag;gl;l
njhopw;gapw;rp epWtdq;fs; njupT nra;ag;gl;l ifj;njhopy; rk;Nksdq;fSld;
,ize;J ifj;njhopy;fSf;F mtrpakhd jfty; njhopy;El;gk;> epu;khzj;
njhopy; kw;Wk; Rw;Wyhj; Jiwfspy; gapw;rpfs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.
110. Kd;Dupik tplakhf jkpo;nkhop %y Mrpupau; gapw;rpahdJ Cf;Ftpf;fg;gl &gh 400
Ntz;ba Njit fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jd;nghUl;L Njrpa xUikg;ghL mur fUk kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopfs; r%f Nkk;ghL kw;Wk; ,e;J rka mYty;fs; mikr;rpw;F &gh. 400 nkhopag;gl;llJ
kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

14
111. epu;khzj; njhopy; Jiwf;F mtrpakhd jpwDs;s kw;Wk; miuj;jpwd; nfhz;l &gh 300
njhopyhsu;fSf;Fg; gapw;rpaspg;gjw;fhf epu;khzf; ifj;njhopy; mgptpUj;jp kpy;ypad;
Kftuhd;ikf;F (CIDA) Mjutspf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; nghUl;L &gh. 300 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL
xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
112. Rfhjhu eyNdhk;Gifj; Jiwf;F mtrpakhd jpwd;fis mgptpUj;jp &gh 100
nra;tjw;fhd cldbj; Njit fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. jhjpfSf;F ru;tNjr kl;lj;jpy; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l gapw;rp newpfis ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F jdpahu; Jiwapdu; nkhopag;gl;llJ
Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLtJld;> murhq;fkhdJ xt;nthU jdp gapw;rpahsUf;Fk; khjhe;jk;
&gh. 10>000 cjtpj; njhifia ,uz;L tUl fhyj;jpw;F ngw;Wf; nfhLf;Fk;.
,ijnahj;j njhopw;gapw;rpj; jpl;lkhdJ kUe;jftpay; njhopy; ty;Ydu;fSf;Fk;
Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;. kUe;J cw;gj;jpf; fk;gdpfs; xUtUl fhy njhopw;gapw;rpf;fhf
tpQ;Qhdg; gl;ljhupfis cs;thq;fp mg;gapw;rp newpahdJ cupa njhopw;gapw;rp
xOq;FgLj;Jduhy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gLk;. murhq;fkhdJ xt;nthU
gapw;rpahsUf;Fk; mt;tUl fhyg;gFjpf;F khjhe;jk; 15>000 &ghtpid cjtpj;
njhifahfg; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,t;thwhd njhopw;gapw;rp newpfspd;
ntw;wpahdJ mtw;iw Vida JiwfspYk; mKy;gLj;Jtjw;F tha;g;gspf;Fk;.
113. ,yq;if ,uhZtkhdJ murhq;fj;jpd; Kd;ndLg;ghd Fiwe;j tUkhd
&gh 100
#o;epiyapypUe;;J ,isQu;fis tpidj;jpwdhd Kiwapy; tptrhak;> fhy;eil kpy;ypad; Kd;
tsu;g;G> myq;fhu kPd; tsu;g;G> kw;Wk; ngf;Nfh> Nkhl;lu; fpNulh;];> Nlh]u;]; nkhopag;gl;llJ
Nghd;w fduf ,ae;jpuq;fis ,af;Fjy; njhlu;ghd gapw;rpfis kpd;
,izg;ghsu;fs;> xl;Ldu;> fhw;Wr; rPuikg;Gj; njhopEl;gtpayhsu;> czTg;
guhkupg;G> jr;rd;> Nkrd; kw;Wk; Foha; nghUj;Jdu; Nghd;w JiwfspYk;
gapw;rpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;F Kd;te;Js;sdu;. ,g;gapw;rp newpahdJ Njrpa
njhopw;gapw;rp juj;jpd; gpd;du; mq;fPfupf;fg;gLtNjhL ,g;gapw;rp newpahdJ njupT
nra;ag;gl;l ,uhZt Kfhk;fspy; ,lk;ngWk;. ,g;gapw;rpahsu;fSf;F jw;NghJ
njhopy;gapw;rp mjpfhu rigapd; fPo; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk; cjtpj; njhif
kw;Wk; rYif gUtfhy Nghf;Ftuj;J rPl;L vd;gd toq;fg;gLk;.
114. ,yq;if ,uhZtj;jpdh; ehl;;bd; gy ghfq;fspYKs;s jkJ Kfhk;fspy; vkJ
,isQu;fSf;F njupT nra;ag;gl;l rpy tpisahl;Lf;fSf;fhd gapw;rpaspg;gu;.

MNuhf;fpakhd r%fk;
115. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> ehq;fs; Rfhjhu Jiwapy; cl;fl;likg;G &gh 24>750
trjpfspd; juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf &gh. 24>750 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL kpy;ypad;
nra;Js;Nshk;. ,t;nthJf;fkhdJ Gjpa cgfuzq;fs; fl;blq;fisg; xJf;fPL
Gzuikj;jy; kw;Wk; itj;jparhiyfspy; Vida cl;fl;likg;G trjpfis
mgptpUj;jp nra;jy; vd;gtw;wpy; Kjyplg;gLfpd;wJ. ,J fle;j tUl xJf;fPl;Lld;
xg;gpLifapy; 38 rjtPj mjpfupg;ghFk;.

116. Cth> rg;ufKit> kj;jpa> tlkj;jpa khfhzq;fspy; Muk;g Rfhjhu ey


&gh 1>625
myFfis ];jpug;gLj;Jk; Nehf;Fld; &gh. 1>625 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt kpy;ypad
xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Nkyjpf Neuk; Nehahspfisf; ftdpg;gjpid xUq;fpizg;Gr; xJf;fPL
nra;Ak; Kiwikapid mwpKfk; nra;jy;; kw;Wk; gupe;Jiu tiyaikg;gpD}lhf
Mgj;jhd epiyapYs;s Nehahspfis ftdpg;gjw;fhd trjpfis
,aYkhf;FtjhdJ> Nrit toq;Fdu;fspilNa ,lk;ngWk; Ntiy ,ul;bg;gpid
jtpu;g;gjw;F cjtpahf mikAk;.
117. vkJ 'Rtnrwpa" mk;Gyd;]; NritahdJ ngUk; ntw;wpahFk;. mJ midj;Jf;
&gh 200
Fbkfd;fSf;Fk; mj;jpat~;akhd xU NritahFk;. ehl;bd; midj;Jg; kpy;ypad; Kd;
ghfq;fSf;Fk; ,r;Nritapid tpupTgLj;Jtjw;fhd MjuTfs; nkhopag;gl;llJ
ngw;Wf;nfhLf;fg;gLk;. vjpu;tUk; ,uz;L tUl fhyg;gFjpapy; 300 js
epiyaq;fs; &gh. 600 kpy;ypad; nrytpdj;jpy; cUthf;fg;gLk;. ,t;tUlj;jpy;
100 js epiyaq;fis epu;khzpg;gjw;F &gh 200 kpy;ypaid xJf;Ftjw;F
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
118. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> jPuhj rpWePuf NehAld; njhlu;Gl;l gpur;rpidfisj;
&gh 500
jPu;g;gjw;F mtrpakhd tsq;fis njhlu;e;Jk; ehq;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhLg;Nghk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
,jdbg;gilapy; ehq;fs; tPLfSf;F ,uj;jg; gpupg;gG ,ae;jpuq;fis ngw;Wf; nkhopag;gl;llJ
nfhLg;gNjhL 45 itj;jparhiyfspy; ,uj;j xOf;F-,uj;jg;gphpg;G epiyaq;fs;

15
(Hemo- Dialysis Center) kPs; gpurhuz ePu; Rj;jpfupg;Gg; nghwpj; njhFjpfSld; ngw;Wf;
nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

119. ehl;bd; jPuhj rpWePuf Neha;g; ghjpg;gpw;Fl;gl;l khtl;lq;fspy; tPL tPlhfr; nrd;W &gh 50
Nehapid Kd;dNu fz;lwpe;J nfhs;tjw;fhf Ntz;ba gupNrhjid KiwahdJ kpy;ypad; Kd;
NkYk; tYT+l;lg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

120. tpru; eha;f;fb Nehapid ehl;;bypUe;J ,y;yhnjhopg;gjw;fhf tprh; eha;f;fb


&gh 100
fl;Lg;ghl;L epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; mur rhu;gw;w epWtdq;fspd; gq;fspg;Gld; NkYk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
tYT+l;lg;gLk;. KOikahd njUeha;f; fUj;jil epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lkhdJ fhy;eil nkhopag;gl;llJ
cw;gj;jp kw;Wk; Rfhjhu jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf &gh
100 kpy;ypad; xJf;fg;gLk;.
121. tpNrlkhf KjpNahu; rdj;njhifapd; mjpfupg;NghL njhw;wh Neha;fspd; &gh 50
vz;zpf;ifahdJ cau;e;J nry;tjhdJ Kiwahd Neha;j; jzpg;G guhkhpg;G kpy;ypad; Kd;
Nritfs; mwpKfk; nra;tjpid Ntz;bAs;sJ. ,jw;fhf itj;jpau;fs; jhjpfs; nkhopag;gl;llJ
kw;Wk; Vida kUj;Jt njhopy; ty;Ydu;fspd; top Neha;j;jzpg;G guhkhpg;G
Mw;wypid fl;bnaOg;Gtjw;F trjpfs; toq;fg;gLk;.
122. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> tpishl;lhdJ MNuhf;fpakhdnjhU r%fj;jpd; &gh 3>800
xUq;fpize;j gFjpahFk;. mNjNghy; mJ jiyikj;Jtk; kw;Wk; FOthf kpy;ypad; Kd;
,aq;Fk; gz;gpid fl;bnaOg;Gfpd;wJ. tpisahl;Lj; Jiwapd; tsu;r;rpf;fhf nkhopag;gl;llJ
ehq;fs; Vw;fdNt &gh. 3>800 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;Js;Nshk;.
123. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf khj;jisapy;> gu;dhl; mYtpfhiu tpisahl;Lj; njhFjp &gh 300
kw;Wk; nfhyd;dhitapy; tPurpq;f ky;ypkhur;rp tpiashl;L ikjhdk; vd;gd kpy;ypad; Kd;
mgptpUj;jp nra;ag;gl;L vkJ fpuhkpa ,isQu;fspd; tpishal;bid nkhopag;gl;llJ
Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F Mjutspg;Nghk;. ,jd;nghUl;L xt;nthU ikjhdj;jpw;Fk; &gh
300 kpypad; 2 tUl fhyg; gFjpapy; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

124. Njrpa xypk;gpf; epjpakhdJ nka;ty;Ydu;> fug;ge;J> Nkirg;ge;J Nghd;w &gh.100


kpy;ypad; Kd;
tpisahl;Lf;fSf;F Mjutspf;ff; $ba tifapy; Nkk;gLj;jg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;llJ

Muha;r;rp mgptpUj;jp fyhr;rhuk;


125. ehl;by; mur kw;Wk; mur Jiway;yhj gy Muha;r;rp epWtdq;fs;
fhzg;gLfpd;wd. vt;thwhapDk;> ,itfspy; ,lk;ngWk; ngUk;ghyhd Muha;r;rp
KbTfshdJ gad;gLj;jf; $ba tifapy; my;yJ tu;j;jf uPjpahf re;ijg;
gLj;jf; $ba tifapy; khw;wpaikf;fg;gltpy;iy. ,e;epiyahdJ
,Jfhytiuapy; ,j;Jiw kPJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l KjyPLfspd; tpidj;jpwid
Nfs;tpf;Fwpahf;fpAs;sJ. mjdbg;gilapy; vkJ mDFKiwahdJ Muha;r;rp
kw;Wk; KjyPLfshdJ ngWNgWfis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L kw;Wk; vjpu;fhy
tpQ;Qhdj;jpw;fhd KjyPlhfTk; nfhs;sg;gLk;.
126. 'njhopy; tpQ;Qhdk;" vd;w rthy; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpid mwpKfk; &gh 50
nra;aTs;Nshk;. tpQ;Qhd r%fj;jpw;F gpd;tUk; 5 fUg;nghUs;fspy; Ntiy kpy;ypad; Kd;
nra;tjw;fhd rthy; toq;fg;gLk;. nghUj;jkhd jPu;Tfis nkhopag;gl;llJ
mKy;gLj;jg;gLtjw;Fj; Njitahd epjpahdJ ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;.

(m) tptrhak; kw;Wk; kPd;gpbj;Jiwapy; mWtilf;Fg; gpe;jpa ,og;Gf;fis


Fiwj;jy;.
(M) new;nra;if kw;Wk; rpWgapu;fs; mWtilapy; cyfshtpa msTNfhiy
miljy;.
(,) ahid-kdpj Kuz;ghl;ilj; jPu;j;jy;.
(<) 1>500 rJumb gug;Gila Fiwe;j nrytpyhd tPl;L myFfis
cUthf;Fjy;.
(c) cs;ehl;L kUe;J %ypiffs; kw;Wk; capupay; cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fSf;F
ngWkjpr; Nru;f;if nra;tjpD}lhf mtw;iw Cl;lr;rj;J kUe;Jfshf
khw;Wjy;.

16
rpwe;j efuq;fis cUthf;Fjy;
127. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ efuq;fshdJ gpui[fs; el;G> epiyNgwhd
epiy kw;Wk; r%f rkj;Jtj;Jf;fhd tha;g;Gf;fisf; nfhz;ljhfTk; nkJthf
khwp tUfpd;wJ. ,jdbg;gilapy; nfhOk;G efukhdJ 'Mrpahtpd; G+q;fhtdk;"
vd;W miof;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
128. efu kPs; gpwg;ghf;fs; fUj;jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 8>000 ,w;F mjpfkhd tPLfs; Vw;fdNt &gh 8>000
epiwT nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJld; 7>500 ,w;F mjpfkhd tPLfs; eph;khzpf;fg;gl;L kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
tUfpd;w mNjNtis> NkYk; 5>000 tPLfspd; eph;khzg; gzpfs;
Muk;gpf;fg;glTs;sd. ,jw;fhf &gh 8>000 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
129. ehl;by; midj;J trjpfisAk; nfhz;l epiyahd efukakhf;fypid &gh.3>000
kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL
Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 9 khfhzq;fis cs;slf;fpa Rfpj;jGutu efu mgptpUj;jp
epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf &gh 3>000 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt &gh.2>000
xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpw;fhf NkYk; &gh 2>000 kpy;ypad; Kd;
kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

130. “Ngiu thtp Rj;jpfhpg;G” fUj;jpl;lkhdJ rh;tNjr mgptpUj;jpf;fhd If;fpa &gh 800
mnkhpf;f epWtdj;jpd; cjtpAld; 2000 ,y; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJld;> ,j;jpl;lk; ePh; kpy;ypad; Kd;
juj;jpid Nkk;gLj;Jk; tifapy; epiwT nra;ag;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

131. nfhOk;G efuj;jpy; kpf Kf;fpa gpur;rpidahff; fhzg;gl;l jpz;kf; fopT


&gh 7>600
Kfhikj;JtkhdJ mWtf;fhYtpy; murhq;f KjyPl;Lld; jPh;f;fg;gl;Ls;sJld;> kpy;ypad;
2019 ,y; ,jw;fhf &gh 7>600 kpy;ypad; KjyPL nra;ag;gLk;. jw;nghOJ xJf;fPL
jdpahh;Jiw KjyPLfSk; ,lk;ngWfpd;wd.
132. nts;sk; kw;Wk; tbfhyikg;G Kfhikj;Jtk;> nfhOk;G ePNue;J gFjpapy;
&gh 10>900
tbfhyikg;G trjp Nkk;ghL> Ngiu thtp kw;Wk; ngj;jfd g+q;fh kw;Wk; Ntu]; kpy;ypad;
fq;if fUj;jpl;lk; vd;gd nfhOk;G efuk; kw;Wk; nfhOk;G ngUk;gFjp xJf;fPL
gpuNjrj;jpy; nts;sj;jpidf; Fiwf;Fk; tifapy; tbtikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;fhf
Vw;fdNt &gh 10>900 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
133. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> vkJ KjyPLfis nfhOk;G efuj;jpypUe;J fhyp> &gh 9>225
fz;b kw;Wk; aho;g;ghz efuq;fSf;F tphpTgLj;jpAs;Nshk;. tPjpg; Nghf;Ftuj;J kpy;ypad;
Kfhikj;Jt eltbf;iffs;> gpujhd tbfhyikg;Gfspd;; Gduikg;G kw;Wk; xJf;fPL
nts;sj;jLg;G eltbf;iffs;> efu juNkk;ghL> tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk;tha;e;j
gpujhd fl;blq;fis GJg;gpj;jy; kw;Wk; kPs; gad;gLj;jy;> njhpT nra;ag;gl;l
gpuNjrq;fspy; flyupg;Gj; jzpg;G eltbf;iffs; vd;gtw;wpid ,j;jpl;lk;
cs;slf;fpapUf;Fk;. ,jw;fhf &gh 9>225 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
134. aho;g;ghzj;jpy; jdpr;rpwg;G kpf;f gioa efu kz;lgk; Aj;jj;jpd; NghJ &gh 700
moptile;jJ. aho;g;ghz efu kz;lgj;jpid kPs;fl;likg;gjw;fhd re;ju;g;gk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
jw;nghOJ Vw;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jw;fhf &gh 700 kpy;ypaid xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; nkhopag;gl;lJ
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
135. vkJ kiyehl;L kuGhpikfis NgZjy; kw;Wk; ghJfhf;Fk; mNjNtis> &gh 900
kiyehl;Lf;NfAhpa iftpid> fl;blf;fiy> fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fs;> ghuk;ghpaq;fs;> kpy;ypad; Kd;
RNjr kUj;Jtk; kw;Wk; tuyhw;W ngWkjpkpf;f ,lq;fisg; ghJfhg;gjw;F chpa nkhopag;gl;lJ
ftdk; nrYj;jg;gLk;.

136. kuGhpik ngWkhdq;nfhz;l Nghfk;giu rpiwr;rhiy kPs; mgptpUj;jp &gh 750


nra;ag;gLtJld;> ,uz;L tUlq;fspy; nghJ kf;fSf;fhd ,lkhf khw;wg;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
,jw;fhf ,t;tUlk; &gh 750 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gLk;.
137. fy;Kid> rk;khe;Jiw> thior;Nrid kw;Wk; jiykd;dhu; efu mgptpUj;jpj; &gh 1>000
jpl;lq;fSf;F NkYk; xj;Jiog;G toq;fg;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ

138. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> ehl;bYs;s murhq;f kw;Wk; jdpahh; th;j;jff;


fl;blq;fs; midj;Jk; 2023 Mk; Mz;lstpy; “tyJ Fiwe;Njhh; el;G”
fl;blq;fshf khw;wg;gLk;. ,J 2020 [dthp 1Me; jpfjpapypUe;J Gjpa fl;bl

17
mq;fPfhuq;fSf;fhd fl;lhaj; Njitg;ghlhf khw;wg;gLnkd Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ.
2022 Mk; Mz;lstpy; midj;J mur fl;blq;fSk; “tyJ Fiwe;Njhh; el;G”
fl;blq;fshf fhzg;gLk;.
139. Foha; ePh; toq;fspid 2020 Mk; Mz;lstpy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ 60 rjtPjkhf &gh 1>500
mjpfhpf;Fk; Nehf;fj;Jld; midj;J khtl;lq;fisAk; cs;slf;fpa &gh 45>000 kpy;ypad; Kd;
kpy;ypad; ngWkjpahd ePh;toq;fy; fUj;jpl;lq;fs; Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. mLj;j 2 nkhopag;gl;lJ
tUlq;fspy; Vwf;Fiwa 200>000 FLk;gq;fs; ed;ikailAk; tifapy; 1>000
fpuhkq;fis cs;slf;fpajhf “gpu[h [y mgpkhd;” epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk; rKjha
mbg;gil ePh; toq;fy; jpl;lj;jpD}lhf NkYk; vkJ xj;Jiog;gpid
tphpTgLj;JNthk;.

140. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ KO ehisAk; ghupasT thfd neuprypy;


fopf;fNtz;b Vw;gl;;Ls;sJ. vkJ Nghf;Ftuj;Jj; JiwahdJ ehl;bd; eLj;ju
tUkhdk; ngUeu;fspd; Njitapid ,Jtiu epiwNtw;wtpy;iy. vkJ nghJg;
Nghf;Ftuj;J Kiwik kPJ mtruf; ftdk; nrYj;j Ntz;ba Njit
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jw;fhf kpfTk; xOq;FgLj;jg;gl;l Kiwapy; KjyPLfs;
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl Ntz;bAs;sd.
141. ehL KOtjpYk; NgUe;Jg; Nghf;Ftuj;J Nritapid toq;Ftjw;fhf mLj;j &gh 1>000
Ie;J tUlq;fspy; 'r`ru" NgUe;J etPdkag;gLj;jy; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpw;F kpy;ypad; Kd;
Kd;Dupik toq;fg;gLk;. gazpfSf;F rpwe;j Nritapid toq;Ftjw;fhf nkhopag;gl;lJ
rYif mbg;gilapyhd fld; trjpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;tJld;> Copau; Nrkyhg
epjp kw;Wk; Copau; ek;gpf;if epjpag; gq;fspg;GfSld; rpwe;j njhopy; ghJfhg;G>
jdpahu; Jiw NgUe;J Copau;fSf;F toq;fg;gLk;. nghJkf;fSf;F mnrsfupak;
Vw;gLj;jy;> tPjp tpgj;Jfs; kw;Wk; ghijfspy; fhzg;gLk; xOq;fd P q;fs; Nghd;w
jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; jpUg;gjpfukw;w Nghl;b epiyikf;Fg; gjpyhf khjhe;j
mbg;gilapy; gazpf;Fk; fpNyh kPww
; upd; mbg;gilapy; NgUe;J
cupikahsu;fSf;F nfhLg;gdT toq;Ftjw;fhd jw;fhypf Vw;ghnlhd;whf
tUkhd xj;Jiog;G epjpankhd;W jhgpf;fg;gLk;. Kd;nrYj;jy; fl;lz
ml;;ilfs;> ,yj;jpudpay; Kiwikapy; NgUe;J gazpf;Fk; ,lj;jpid fz;lwpjy;>
[P.gp.v];. njhopEl;gj;jpidg; gad;gLj;jy; kw;Wk; ifalf;fj; njhiyNgrp
gpuNahfpfs; (Mobile Application) %yk; gazpfspd; iftpuy; milahsj;jpid
gpuNahfpj;J NgUe;J Neu ml;;ltiz kw;Wk; mLj;j NgUe;J gw;wpa
jfty;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sy; Nghd;w Nritfis kj;jpa kw;Wk; Nky;
khfhzq;fspy; Muk;gkhf ,d;Dk; rpy khjq;fspy; ehk; mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpd;Nwhk;.

142. etPd gy;khjpup gazpfs; jupg;gplq;fs; khf;Fk;giuapy; Muk;;gpf;fg;gl;;L fz;b> &gh 1>300
fltj;ij> Nfhl;il kw;Wk; nkhul;LitapYk; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,yq;if kpy;ypad;
Nghf;Ftuj;J rigapd; re;ijapy; 40 rjtPjg; gq;fpid cWjpg;gLj;JtJld; xJf;fPL
,.Ngh.rig kw;Wk; jdpahu; NgUe;J ,af;Fzu;fspd; tpidj;jpwd; Nkk;gLj;jg;gLk;.
,jw;fhf ehL KOtjpYk; b[pl;ly; juTg; gputhfj;jpd; %yk; ,ize;j NgUe;J
,af;ff; fl;Lg;ghl;L epiyankhd;W jhgpf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; %yk; 21Mk;
E}w;whz;by; NgUe;Jg; Nghf;Ftuj;jhdJ kpfTk; ftu;r;rpfukhd Nju;thf
khw;wkilAk;. ,k;KjyPLfSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;fhf &gh. 1>300
kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
143. mLj;j ,uz;L tUlq;fspy; ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; gad;gLj;jy; el;G epakq;fSld; &gh 1>500
$ba 250 NgUe;Jfis Nkyjpfkhf Nru;j;Jf; nfhs;tjd; %yk; ,yq;ifg; kpy;ypad; Kd;
Nghf;Ftuj;J rigapd; NgUe;Jj; njhFjp tpupthf;fg;gLk;. tpNrl nkhopag;gl;lJ
NjitAilNahUf;F kpfTk; nghUj;jkhd NgUe;Jfis ,yq;ifg; Nghf;Ftuj;J
rig mwpKfg;gLj;Jk;.
144. 'vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; 'rpl;b iul;" rYiff; fld;
jpl;lnkhd;W mwpKfg;gLj;jg;LtJld;> 1>000 nrhFR Ng&e;Jfspd; %yk; jdpahu;
NgUe;J njhFjpapid tpupthf;Ftjw;fhf tl;br; nrytpdj;jpy; 75 rjtPjj;jpid
murhq;fk; nghWg;Ngw;Fk;. (Nkyjpf tpguq;fSf;F tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (M)-1.4)

145. mNjNtis> Rw;whly; el;G> ghJfhg;G kw;Wk; mjpf nrsfupaj;Jld;


,yj;jpudpay; Kr;rf;fu tz;bfs; kw;Wk; rpwpa fhu;fis juKau;j;Jtjw;F
'vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh" fld; jpl;lj;jpd; “kpdp nlf;]p” rYiff; fld;fs;
%ykhf Kr;ruf;fu tz;b cupikahsu;fSf;F xj;Jiog;G toq;fg;gLk;. ,jw;fhf

18
75 rjtPjkhd tl;br; nrytpdj;jpid murhq;fk; nghWg;Ngw;gJld;> gioa
Kr;rf;fu tz;bapid ghtidapypUe;J mfw;Wjy; Ntz;Lk;. (Nkyjpf
tpguq;fSf;F tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (M)-1.5)

146. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> vkJ xl;Lnkhj;j Gifapuj NritAk; KOtJkhf


Fiw gad;ghLilajhf fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. rpwe;j Gifapu Nritf;fhd Njit
Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,jidj; jdpahu; JiwAld; ,ize;J
Kd;ndLg;gJ rpwe;jnjd ehk; ek;Gfpd;Nwhk;. ,jw;fhf> ,yq;ifg; Gifapuj
Nritf;F Gifapujg; ngl;bfis thliff;F my;yJ Fj;jiff;F toq;Ftjw;Fk;
mjd; %yk; Gifapuj Nrit trjpfis 4 epuy;fshf Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; jdpahu;
Jiwf;fhd mDkjpapid ehk; toq;FNthk;.
147. khyigapidAk; nfhOk;Gf; Nfhl;ilapidAk; ,izf;fpd;w nfhOk;G efu ,yF &gh 5>000
uapy; Nghf;Ftuj;J Ntiyfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gLtJld;> ,jw;fhf &gh. 5>000 kpy;ypad;
kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. xJf;fPL

148. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> njw;F mjpNtfg; ghij tpupthf;fk; kw;Wk;


ntspr;Rw;Wg; ghij vd;gd 2019 ,y; epiwT nra;ag;gLk;. kj;jpa mjpNtfg;
ghij fl;lk; I kw;Wk; III Muk;gpf;fg;gLtJld;> fl;lk; II ,w;fhd gzpfs; njhlu;e;J
Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. ghij tiyaikg;gpid NkYk; Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;F ,uj;jpdGup
khtl;lj;jpid njw;F mjpNtfg; ghijAld; ,izf;fpd;w Utd;Gu mjpNtfg;
ghijf;fhd gzpfs; 2019 ,y; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;.

149. “uz; khtj;” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; - nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> ghijfs; kw;Wk; &gh 10>000
mjpNtfg; ghijfis eph;khzpg;gjw;F murhq;fk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT njhifapid kpy;ypad; Kd;
KjyPL nra;Js;sJ. 2015 ,ypUe;J ghijfSf;fhf khj;jpuk; Vwf;Fiwa &gh nkhopag;gl;lJ
700>000 kpy;ypaid nrytpl;Ls;Nshk;. ngUe;njhifahd nrytpdj;jpid
Nkw;nfhz;l NghjpYk; ngUkstpyhd ghijfs; eph;khzpf;fg;gl Ntz;ba Njit
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. “fk;ngwspa” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; fpuhkpa ghij
eph;khzj;Jiwf;fhf epjp Vw;ghLfs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. ,Ue;jNghjpYk; fpuhkpa
kw;Wk; Vida ghij mgptpUj;jpapd; Njrpa Kf;fpaj;Jtj;jpid fUj;jpw;nfhz;L
“uz; khtj;” mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; Clhf gpujhdkhf fpuhkpa
ghijfspd; guhkhpg;G kw;Wk; eph;khzj;jpw;fhf &gh 10>000 kpy;ypaid Nkyjpfkhf
xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

murJiw Nrit toq;fy;


150. vkJ murhq;fk; 2016 ,y; 10>000 &ghtpid khjhe;j ,ilf;fhyf; nfhLg;gdthf &gh 20>000
toq;Ftjw;F eltbf;if vLj;jJld;> 2016 ,ypUe;J 2020 tiu 1:4.07 vd;w kpy;ypad; Kd;
tpfpjj;jpid NgZk; tifapy; 5 fl;lq;fshf mur Jiw Copah;fspd; nkhopag;gl;lJ
mbg;gilr; rk;gsj;jpw;F tpNrl nfhLg;gdT toq;fg;gl;lJ. ,jd; tpisthf
murhq;f Copah;fspd; rk;gsk; mNj fhyg;gFapy; 107 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfhpj;jJ.
,e;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd xJf;fPl;Lr; rl;l %yj;jpy; &gh 40
gpy;ypad; xJf;fPLnra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd;gpujpgydhf> fPo; gbepiyapYs;s
murhq;f Copah; xUthpd; mbg;gilr; rk;gsk; 2015 ,y; fhzg;gl;l 11>730
&ghtpypUe;J 2020 ,y; 21>400 &ghthf mjpfupf;Fk;.

murJiw mbg;gilr; rk;gs mjpfupg;G 2015-2020


khjnkhd;Wf;F &gh
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
tif
rk;gsk; rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G
mYtyf cjtpahsh; 11,730 14,234 2,504 16,738 5,008 19,242 7,512 21,746 10,016 24,250 12,520
jhjp 15,620 19,001 3,381 22,382 6,762 25,763 10,143 29,144 13,524 32,525 16,905
gl;ljhup Mrpupah; 16,100 19,540 3,440 22,980 6,880 26,420 10,320 29,860 13,760 33,300 17,200
nrayhsh; 47,515 57,742 10,227 67,969 20,454 78,196 30,681 88,423 40,908 98,650 51,135
tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G gFjp II-1.4

mjpNkjF rdhjpgjpapdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l tpNrl rk;gs Mizf;FOtpdhy;


ntspaplg;gl;l mwpf;ifahdJ mjw;fhf epakpf;fg;gl;l njhopy;El;g FOtpd;
gupe;Jiufs; ntspahdJk; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;. vdNt> midj;J murhq;f

19
Copah;fSf;Fkhd ,ilf;fhy khjhe;jf; nfhLg;gdthf 2019 a+iy 01 Mk;
jpfjpapypUe;J 2>500 &ghtpid toq;Ftjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

151. 2015 bnrk;gh; 31 Me; jpfjpf;F Kd;dh; ,isg;ghwpa Vwf;Fiwa 560>000 &gh 12>000
Xa;t+jpak; ngWeh;fs; fhzg;gLtJld;> mth;fsJ Xa;t+jpak; 06/2006 Mk; ,yf;f kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
nghJ eph;thf Rw;W epUgj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; fzpg;gPL nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. ,jw;F
Nkyjpfkhf> 2016 rdthp 01 Kjy; 2018 bnrk;gh; 31 tiuahd fhyg;gFjpapd;
NghJ Vwf;Fiwa 71>000 Xa;t+jpak; ngWeh;fs; ,isg;ghwpAs;sJld;> mth;fsJ
Xa;t+jpak; 03/2016 Mk; ,yf;f nghJeph;thf Rw;wwpf;ifapid mbg;gilahff;
nfhz;L mth;fs; ,isg;ghwpa Neuj;jpy; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l mbg;gilr;
rk;gsj;jpw;fikthf fzpg;gPL nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ. vdNt> 2016 [dtup 1Me;
jpfjpf;F Kd;du; ,isg;ghwpatu;fSk; ; 03/2016 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ epu;thf
Rw;WepUgj;jpd; fPo; gy;NtW kl;lq;fspy; toq;fg;gl;l rk;gs mjpfupg;Gf;F
jifikngw;w mj;jpfjpf;Fg; gpd;du; ,isg;ghwpatu;fSf;Fkpilapy; ngWk;
Xa;T+jpaj;jpy; Kuz;ghL fhzg;gLfpwJ. 2019 a+iy 01 Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J
gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy; ,isg;ghWk; fhyj;jpy; Xa;t+jpak; ngWehpdhy; ngw;Wf;
nfhs;sg;gl;l mbg;gil rk;gsj;jpw;F; 03/2016 Mk; ,yf;f nghJeph;thf
Rw;wwpf;ifapd; Kjy; 2 fl;lq;fisr; Nrh;g;gjd; %yk; Xa;t+jpa jpUj;jnkhd;wpid
Kd;ndLg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. Xa;t+jpa Kuz;ghLfis jpUj;Jtjw;F
,t;tUlj;jpw;fhf &gh 12>000 kpy;ypaid Nkyjpfkhf xJf;fPL nra;tjw;F ehd;
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. ,jd; %yk; ghjpf;fg;gl;l Vwf;Fiwa 585>000 Xa;t+jpak;
ngWeh;fs; ed;ikailth;. cjhuzkhf fPo;gbj; juj;ijAila murhq;f Copahpd;
Xa;t+jpak; khjnkhd;Wf;F Mff;Fiwe;jJ 1>600 &ghtpdhy; mjpfhpf;Fk;. juk; I
Ir; Nrh;e;j Mrphpah; xUthpd; khjhe;j Xa;t+jpak; 4>600 &ghtpdhYk; mikr;rpd;
nrayhsh; xUthpd; Xa;t+jpak; khjhe;jk; 12>000 &ghtpdhYk; mjpfhpf;Fk;.
,j;jpUj;jkhdJ 25 tUl Nrit kw;Wk; 2015 bnrk;gh; 31 ,w;F Kd;duhd
,isg;ghWjypid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;.

152. nghyp]; jpizf;fsj;jpw;fhd nfhLg;gdTfs; midj;Jk; 2017 kw;Wk; 2018 ,y; &gh 1>175
mjpfhpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. vt;thwhapDk;> 20 tUlq;fSf;F Nkyhf rpWjsthtJ kpy;ypad; Kd;
mjpfhpf;fg;glhJs;s ,uhZtj;jpdhpd; nfhkhz;Nlh nfhLg;gdT> rPUilf; nkhopag;gl;lJ
nfhLg;gdT> thliff; nfhLg;gdT kw;Wk; ed;elj;ijf; nfhLg;gdT vd;gd 2019
a+iy 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.

i. ed;dlj;ijf; nfhLg;gdT fPo;tUkhW toq;fg;gLk;


gjf;fk; &gh/ ehnshd;Wf;F
k;
1 gjf;fk; 3.00
2k; gjf;fk; 6.00
3k; gjf;fk; 9.00
4k; gjf;fk; 15.00
5k; gjf;fk; 20.00
ii. 2019 rdtup khjj;jpy; toq;fg;gl;l thlif nfhLg;gdthdJ 100% ,dhy;
mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.
iii. rPUilg; NgZif nfhLg;gdthdJ fPo;tUkhW mjpfupf;fg;gLk;
&gh/
khjnkhd;Wf;F
tpguk; jw;Nghija Gjpa
tPjk; tPjk;
gpupNfbah; my;yJ rk gbepiy kw;Wk; mjw;F 255.00 600.00
Nky;
fh;zy; my;yJ rk gbepiy kw;Wk; mjw;F fPo; 255.00 525.00
Vida gbepiyfs; 170.00 350.00
iv.fkhz;Nlh nfhLg;gdT khjhe;jk; &gh 1>000 ,ypUe;J &gh 5>000 Mf
mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.
(,J ,yq;if tpkhdg;gil kw;Wk; flw;gilapdJk; rkhe;ju gb epiyfSf;Fk;
Vw;GilajhFk;)

20
153. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> njhopy;El;gk; kw;Wk; etPd kag;gLj;jypd; Clhf &gh 400
vkJ mur Jiwapd; juk; kw;Wk; cw;gj;jpj; jpwid mjpfhpf;f Ntz;ba Njit kpy;ypad; Kd;
fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,r;nrad;Kiwf;F njhlh;e;J xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;F ehd; nkhopag;gl;lJ
Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
154. ,yQ;rk; my;yJ Coy; gw;wpa rhj;Jjy;fis Gyd;tprhuiz nra;tjw;fhd &gh 100
Mizf;FO nghJ kf;fSf;fpilapyhd tpopg;Gzh;T epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpid kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
elj;Jtjd; %yk; NkYk; tYt+l;lg;gLk;.

155. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> murhq;f elgb Kiwfis b[pw;wy; kag;gLj;jy; &gh 800
kpy;ypad;
Vw;fdNt Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJld;> rpwe;j MSif kw;Wk; nghWg;Gf;$Wk; xJf;fPL
r%fnkhd;wpid Nehf;fp ,yj;jpudpay; mur b[pw;wy; Mtd Kfhikj;Jtj;jpw;F
Kf;fpaj;Jtk; toq;Fk; tifapy; 2019 ,y; njhlh;e;J Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. &gh.100
kpy;ypad; Kd;
,j;jpl;lj;jpid nraw;gLj;Jtjw;F &gh 800 kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. nkhopag;gl;lJ

156. “fpuhk rf;jp” cw;gj;jp fpuhkq;fspy; njhopy;Kaw;rpahsh;fs; njhopy; El;g trjp &gh 3,000
%yk; NkYk; xj;Jiog;G toq;fg;gLth;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
157. jpwd; mgptpUj;jpapD}lhf ,isQh; tYt+l;LifahdJ “];khh;l; = yq;fh”
&gh 500
fUj;jpl;lj;jpd; %yk; NkYk; xj;Jiog;G toq;fg;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
158. ,yf;Ffs; kPwg;gLfpd;w re;jh;g;gq;fis Vw;gLj;Jfpd;w jpUj;jy; Kiwik kw;Wk;
njspthf tiuaWf;fg;gl;l eOty; thrfq;fSld; rl;l hPjpahd murpiw
,yf;Ffis gpdpf;Fk; murpiw tpjpKiwfis tYg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; 2003 Mk;
Mz;bd; 3 Mk; ,yf;f murpiw Kfhikj;Jt (nghWg;Gr; rl;lk;) jpUj;jg;gLk;.

159. fle;j tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpy; Kd;nkhopag;gl;l Gjpa ehzar; rl;lk; jw;nghOJ


tiuag;gl;Ls;sJ. vkJ ehl;il gy jrhg;jq;fshf gPbj;jpUe;j ehza kw;Wk;
murpiw Cjhhpj;jdj;jpid ,y;yhnjhopg;gjw;F cjTfpd;w tplaq;fis
mwpKfg;gLj;Jfpd;w kpf Kf;fpa rl;lthf;fkhf ,J fhzg;gLk;.
160. ghypd mbg;gilapyhd tuTnryTj; jpl;lk; - murhq;fj;jpd; ghypd
mbg;gilapyhd tuT nryTj; jpl;lj;jpid cWjpg;gLj;Jk; tifapy; Muk;g
nraw;ghLfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJld;> njhopyhsu; gilapy; ngz;fspd;
gq;fspg;gpid Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 2018 Mk; Mz;bw;Fupa tuTnryTj; jpl;l
miog;gpw;F jpUj;jnkhd;W ntspaplg;gl;lJ. 12 gpujhd nraw;jpwd;
Fwpfhl;bfs; milahsk; fhzg;gl;Ls;sJld;> mtw;wpid miltjw;fhd
nraw;ghLfs; Kd;ndLf;fg;glTs;sd. ehd; NkYk; ,J njhlu;ghf xt;nthU
mikr;rpd; fPOk; ghypdk; njhlu;ghd jfty; jpul;Lf;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;sSk;
Nehf;fpy; ,izg;ghsu;fs; ,izf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.

r%fg; ghJfhg;G tiyaikg;G


161. Jujp~;ltrkhf ,yq;ifapd; cau; eyNdhk;gy; jpl;lkhd 'rKu;j;jp" 1994 Mk; &gh 50>000
Mz;L twpatu;fis gbg;gbahf cau; tUkhdk; ngWk; epiyf;F cau;j;Jk; kpy;ypad;
Nehf;fpy; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lhYk;> mtu;fis mg;ghjpg;GfspypUe;J tpLglr; nra;aNth> xJf;fPL
mtu;fis tYg;gLj;jNth jtwptpl;lJ. mJ jw;NghJ murpay;
kag;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJld;> mNefkhd rKu;j;jp mYtyu;fs; kpfTk; tYthd
murpay; fl;rpfspy; ,ize;J nraw;gLfpd;w epiy Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.
162. mjd;gb jFjpAilatu;fs; ,j;jpl;lj;jpy; gad;ngw Kbahj tifapYk;>
jFjpaw;wtu;fs; Fwpg;gpl;l murpay; fl;rpnahd;Wf;F njhz;L GupAk;
cWg;gpdu;fshfNt mjpfk; fhzg;gLfpd;wikahy; murpay; ,yhgq;fspD}lhf
,ytr khdpaq;fis njhlu;r;rpahfg; ngWgtu;fshfTk; fhzg;gLtjdhy; 'Vio
njhlu;e;Jk; Vioahf" ,Uf;Fk; epiyNa ,jd; ,Wjp KbthFk;. ,J vkJ Vio
vspatu;fspd; nghUjhsju Rje;jpuj;jpid rkurk; nra;Ak; epiyapy;
mike;Js;sJ. MfNt> 'rKu;j;jp" jpl;lj;jpid ntspg;gilahd mstplj; jf;f
epakq;fisf; nfhz;L rpwe;j Kiwapy; newpg;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; cz;ikapy;
Rkhu; 600>000 FLk;gq;fspy; mgptpUj;jpapid Vw;gLj;jyhk;. ,jw;fhf &gh. 10>000
kpy;ypad; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ. jFjpAs;s mNef FLk;gq;fs; NtnwhU
murpay; fl;rpf;F tpRthrkhf cs;sjd; fhuzkhf ,j;jpl;lj;jpypUe;J
jtpu;f;fg;gl;Ls;shu;fs;.

21
163. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> 'rKu;j;jp" cjtp ngWdu;fs; fdprkhd epjpj;
jpwl;bid 'rKu;j;jp" tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; Vida tq;fpfspy; itg;gpl;Ls;shu;fs;.
,J mtu;fSila gzk;> MfNt tq;fpfspYs;s mtu;fspd; rKu;j;jp fl;lha
Nrkpg;gpypUe;J xUtu; &gh 30>000 tiu ,U jtizfspy; Vg;uy; kw;Wk; etk;gu;
khjq;fspy; rpq;fs /jkpo; tUlg; gpwg;G kw;Wk; fpwp];k]; gz;biffSf;fhd
mtu;fsJ ,yhgg; gq;fhf ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F mDkjp mspf;fpd;Nwd;.

164. ,yq;if Kfq;nfhLf;Fk; mjpfupj;J tUk; rthyhf KjpNahu; rdj;njhif


fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. ,g;gpur;rpidf;F KOikahd jPu;tpidg; ngw;Wf; nfhs;Sk;
Kfkhf murhq;fk; epiyNgwhd epjpf; fl;likg;gpid cs;slf;fpa Njrpa
Xa;T+jpaj; jpl;lnkhkd;wpid mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd eltbf;iffis
Nkw;nfhs;sTs;sJ.

J}a> gRikahd kw;Wk; epiyNgwhd Rw;Wr; #oy;


165. ,k;Kaw;rpapy; r%fk; fhj;jpukhd gq;fpid tfpj;jhy; kl;LNk Rw;Wr; #oiy &gh 450
rpwe;j Kiwapy; ghJfhf;f KbAk;. mjd;gb rKfj;jpid mbg;gilahff; kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
nfhz;l 'gRikf; fofq;fs;" xt;nthU gpuNjr nrayhsu; gpupTfspYk;
khztu;fis cs;slf;fpajhd jd;dhu;tyu;fisf; nfhz;L mikf;fg;glTs;sd.
,f;fofq;fs; Kf;fpakhf 2.5 kpy;ypad; kuq;fis eLk; jpl;lj;jpid
Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;fhfTk;> flw;fiufis Rj;jg;gLj;jy;> fopTfis NtWgLj;jy;
Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhfTk; <LgLj;jg;glTs;sd.
166. '`upj;j cj;ahd" (#oy; el;Gg; G+q;fhf;fs;) vDk; gRikahdJk; &gh 1>000
J}a;ikahdJkhd nghJ ,lq;fis cUthf;Ftjw;F KjyPLfis kpy;ypad;
Nkw;nfhs;sTs;Nshk;. ,J vkJ fpuhkq;fisAk;> efuq;fisAk; xJf;fPL
gRikg;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; r%fq;fspilNa typikahd gpizg;Gf;fis
cUthf;Ftjw;Fk; trjp Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLf;Fk;. ehk; nfhOk;G khefu rigAld;
,ize;J mjd; 'efu moFgLj;jy;" Kaw;rpapy; gq;nfLg;Nghhk;. ,jw;fhf
Vw;fdNt> 1000 kpy;ypad; &gha; xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
167. NkYk;> 'epy;ts vypa" khjpupg; G+q;fh kw;Wk; ngUtiyak; 2019 Mk; Mz;L &gh 1>000
kpy;ypad;
epiwtilaTs;sJ. &gh 1>000 kpy;ypad; Vw;fdNt ,jw;fhf xJf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. xJf;fPL

168. rJg;G epy fz;ly; jhtuq;fs; #oy; mikg;gpYs;s fiuNahuq;fis


typikg;gLj;JtJld;> gy;NtW gpuhzpfspd; Kf;fpakhd tho;tplkhfTk;> &gh 50
fhyepiy khw;wj;jpy; jtpu;f;f Kbahj mtrpaj; NjitfshfTk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
,Ue;j NghjpYk; vkJ fz;ly; jhtuq;fs; jw;NghJ Ntfkhf mUfp tUfpd;wd.
mjdhy; ehk; fz;ly; jhtu kPs; eLifapid Nkw;nfhs;sTs;sJld;> mjd; Kjw;
fl;lkhf ehw;W Nkilfs; cUthf;fg;glTs;sd.
169. mdu;j;jj;jpdhy; mjpfk; ghjpg;gilAk; vd ,dq;fhzg;gl;l rpy khtl;lq;fspy; &gh 2>000
mdu;j;jj;jpw;F <LnfhLf;Fk; tPLfs; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk; mNjNtisapy; ,aw;if kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
mzu;j;jj;jpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;ltu;fSf;Fupa tPLfis Gzuikj;jy; kw;Wk; Vida
mbg;gil trjpfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jy; vd;gtw;wpw;fhf &gh. 2>000 kpy;ypad;
xJf;fg;gLk;.
170. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> rkPgj;jpy; Vw;gl;l nts;sg;ngUf;F kw;Wk; tul;rp &gh 10>000
fhuzkhf capupog;G tUkhd ,og;G kw;Wk; nrhj;jpog;GfSf;F kpy;ypad; Kd;
Kfq;nfhLj;Js;Nshk;. ,t;ththwhd mdu;j;jq;fshy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l jdpegu;fs; nkhopag;gl;lJ
kw;Wk; ngUepWtdq;fSf;F ,og;gPl;bid rpwe;j kw;Wk; gaDWjp kpf;f
KiwapD}lhf cldbahf toq;fp mtu;fsJ ghjpg;Gf;fis Fiwg;gjw;fhf ehk;
&gh. 20>000 kpy;ypad; mdu;j;j Kfhikj;Jt vjpu;ghuh nrytpd epjpaj;jpw;fhd
,ilf;fhyf; nfhLg;gdthf xJf;fPL nra;fpd;Nwhk;.
171. ,yq;if cyf ,lu; mgha Rl;bapdhy; ,aw;if mdu;j;jq;fspdhy; mjpfsT &gh 1>000
mghaj;jpw;Fs;shFk; ehlhf tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;sJ. fle;j rpy tUlq;fspy; kpy;ypad; Kd;
ehl;bd; xU gFjp fLikahd tul;rpf;F Kfq;nfhLj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; mNj nkhopag;gl;lJ
Ntis mf;fhyg;gFjpapy; Vida gpuNjrq;fs; fLikahd nts;sg; ngUf;fpid
vjpu;nfhz;l mDgtq;fisAk; ehk; fz;Ls;Nshk;. MfNt ,aw;if
mdu;j;jq;fspdhy; Vw;gLk; ghjpg;Gf;fisf; Fiwg;gjw;Fk; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;fSf;F
,og;gPLfis toq;Ftjw;Fk; fhj;jpukhd eltbf;iffis Nkw;nfhs;tJ fhyj;jpd;

22
mtrpa NjitahfTs;sJ. vdNt> murhq;fj;jpdhy; 2016 ,y; mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gl;l
,aw;if mdu;j;j fhg;gPl;Lj; jpl;lj;jpid tYg;gLj;Jk; Nehf;fpy; Nkyjpfkhf &gh
1>000 kpy;ypad; ,t;tUlj;jpYk; xJf;fPL nra;tjd; %yk; tUlhe;j mur
fhg;gPl;Lg; ngWkjp &gh. 500 kpy;ypadpypUe;J &gh 1>500 kpy;ypadhf
mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.
172. 'fk;ngwspa" mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gf;F Nkyjpfkhf gpuj;jpNafkhf cyu; tya &gh 250
mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;GfSf;fhfTk; Vw;fdNt eilKiwapYs;s kw;Wk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
Kd;nkhopag;gl;Ls;s mgptpUj;jp eltbf;iffSf;fhfTk;> kfspu;> rpWtu; nkhopag;gl;lJ
mYty;fs; kw;Wk; cyu; tya mgptpUj;jp mikr;Rf;F &gh. 250 kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPl nra;ag;glTs;sJ.
173. gpsh];upf; igfs; nghjpaply;> gpsh];upf; Nghj;jy;fs;> kjpa czTj; jhs;fs;
vd;gd Nghd;w xU jlit gad;gLj;Jk; gpsh];upf; nghUl;fspd; ngUf;fk;
fdprkhd msT Rw;Wr; #oy; ghjpg;gpid mjpfupj;Js;sJ. ,j;Jiwapy;
nghUj;jkhd xOq;F tpjpfis Kjw; gbahf mwpKfg;gLj;JtJld;> ve;j
epWtdkhapDk; xU jlit gad;gLj;Jk; gpsh];upf; cw;gj;jp kw;Wk; ,wf;Fkjp
njhlu;ghf 2019 nrg;lk;gu; 01 Me; jpfjpf;F Kd;du; ifj;njhopy; kw;Wk; tu;j;jf
mikr;rpy; gjpT nra;ag;gly; Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ fl;lhakhf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
174. ,yq;ifahdJ fly;rhu; tsj;jpid epiyNgwhf ghJfhf;Fk; Kfkhf jpwz;l
fly;rhu; ghJfhg;G jpl;lnkhd;wpid mgptpUj;jp nra;Ak;. ,yq;ifapy;
gpuj;jpNafkhd nghUshjhu tyaj;jpid fly;rhu; ghJfhg;G tyakhf
gpufldg;gLj;jg;gLk; tiu ehq;fs; Kd;Ndhf;fpr; nry;Nthk;. ,J fly; capupay;
gy;tifj;jd;ikapid epiyNgwhd Kiwapy; Kfhik nra;tjpD}lhf ehl;b ; d;
r%fg; nghUshjhu eyd;fis Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;Fk; cjtpahf ,Uf;Fk;.

fiy> fyhrhuk; kw;Wk; rkak;


175. ,yq;ifj; jpUehl;;bd; fyhrhu tpOkpaq;fs; kw;Wk; vkJ r%fj;jpid
nkUNfw;wy; njhlu;gpy; fiyQu;fs;> vOj;jhsu;fs; kw;Wk; ,irf;fiyQu;fs;
Mw;wptUk; gq;fspg;gpid ehq;fs; nkr;Rfpd;Nwhk;. vkJ murhq;fkhdJ ehl;bd;
fiy fyhrhuk; vd;gtw;wpd; mgptpUj;jpf;F njhlu;e;Jk; Mjutspj;J tUfpd;wJ.
fiyQu;fs; njhlu;e;Jk; jkJ gilg;Gf;fspd; %yk; ed;ik ngw;Wf; nfhs;sf;
$ba tifapy; fiyQu;fspd; gilg;Gf;fs; xsp xypgug;G my;yJ ntspaPL
nra;ag;gLk; NghJ mjw;fhd Ntj;Jupik nfhLg;gdtpid ngw;Wf; nfhLg;gjw;fhd
epahakhdnjhU jpl;lj;jpid ehq;fs; mwpKfk; nra;J mKy;gLj;jTs;Nshk;. ,J
mtu;fspd; gilg;Gf;fis ghJfhg;gJld;> mtu;fSf;F njhlu;r;rpahd tUkhd
%yj;ijAk; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fpd;wJ. ,r;nraw;jpl;lj;jpw;F Mjutspf;Fk; Kfkhf
&gh 50>000 tiuapyhd khjhe;j Ntj;Jupik tUkhdkhdJ epWj;jp itf;fg;gl;l
tupapypUe;J tpsf;fspf;fg;gLk;.
176. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> 'fk;ngwspa" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; ngsj;j
tpfhiufs; kw;Wk; Vida kj topghl;Lj; jsq;fis Gdu;epu;khdk; nra;Ak;
Ntiyia Muk;gpj;Js;Nshk;. 2019 Mk; Mz;L topghl;Lj; jsnkhd;Wf;fhd
xJf;fPl;bid 500>000 &ghapypUe;J 1 kpy;ypad; tiu mjpfupj;Js;Nshk;.
(tpsf;ff;Fwpg;G III (m)-10)

177. 'fk;ngwspa" epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; kj topghl;Lj; jsq;fSf;F #upa


kpd;fyq;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,jd; %yk; mtw;wpd; kpd;rhur; nrythdJ
Fiwf;fg;gLtJld;> Njrpa kpd;fl;likg;Gf;fhd RikapidAk; Fiwf;fpd;wJ.
(tpsf;ff; Fwpg;G III (m)-11)
&gh 200
178. kL Njthyaj;jpd; cl;fl;likg;G trjpfis Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf &gh 200 kpy;ypad; Kd;
kpy;ypad; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

179. N[hd; B. rpy;th fiyauq;fkhdJ etPd cgfuzq;fs; nghUj;jg;gl;L Gduikg;G &gh 700
NtiyfshdJ 2020 ,y; G+u;j;jp nra;ag;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ

&gh 100
180. Njrpa fyhgtdk; etPdkag;gLj;jg;gl;L etPd fiyfSf;fhd gpuj;jpNafg; kpy;ypad; Kd;
gFjpnahd;Wk; cUthf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

23
181. nkhwl;Litapy; cyfj; juj;jpyhd ftpd; fiy epiyankhd;wpid &gh 300
epu;khzpg;gjw;fhd Ntiyfs; 2019 Mk; Mz;by; Muk;gpf;fg;gLk;. kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ

nghUshjhu tYT++l;lypD}lhf ey;ypzf;fk;


182. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> tlf;F fpof;fpy; vkJ kf;fs; Kfq;nfhLf;Fk;
gy;NtW gpur;rpidfisj; jPu;g;gjw;fhf gd;Kf cghaj;jpid Kd;ndLj;Njhk;.
vkJ cghakhdJ epiyNgwhd tho;thjhuk; mjpfk; fld; gl;Ls;s kw;Wk;
tYtpoe;Njhu;f;F cjtpaspj;jy; Nghd;w Nehf;fq;fspdhy; topg;gLj;jg;gl;lJ.
midj;Jg; gq;Fjhuu;fSk; ePjp> fle;j fhy td;Kiwfs; kPz;Lk; ,lk;ngwhJ
vd;w cWjp Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;l murhq;fj;jpd; Ntiyr; rl;lfj;jpd;
mu;g;gzpg;gpdhy; cWjpg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wdu;. tl khfhzj;jpd; nghUshjhu
mgptpUj;jpf;fhd Ntiyr; rl;lfkhdJ midj;Jg; gq;Fjhuu;fs; kw;Wk; ,yq;if
kj;jpa tq;fpapd; gq;Fgw;wYld; Muk;gpf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,jid xU cWjpahd
eltbf;ifj; jpl;lkhf khw;Wtjw;fhd rfy eltbf;iffSk; vLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
,jd; %yk; tl khfhzj;jpYs;s midj;Jg; gpui[fSk; gadiltu;. ehq;fs;
,t;Ntiyr; rl;lfk; ,t;thW j;jpid ,Nj Nghy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l Vida
khtl;lq;fSf;Fk; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. Njrpa Kaw;rpapy; gq;Fgw;WkhW Njrpa
xUikg;ghL kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;f mYtyfj;jpw;F miog;G tpLf;fg;gLk;.

183. ,g;gpuNjrj;jpy; ehk; vLf;Fk; Kaw;rpfspy; epiyNgw;Wj; jd;ikia cWjp &gh 200
nra;tjw;F vkJ ey;ypzf;f Kaw;rpfshdJ kpfTk; cWjpahd kw;Wk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
mu;j;jKs;s tifapy; vj;jpitf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;. ,e;Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf gpujk nkhopag;gl;lJ
ke;jpupapd; mYtyfj;jpy; ,aq;Fk; ey;ypzf;fg; nghwpKiw xUq;fpizg;Gr;
nrayfj;jpd; %yk; tpopg;Gzu;T kw;Wk; njspTgLj;jy; epfo;r;rpf;fhf &gh. 200
kpy;ypaid xJf;Ftjw;Fk; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;.
184. el;l<l;L mYtyf rl;l%ykhdJ ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,jd; &gh 700
nraw;ghLfs; 2019 Mk; Muk;gkhFk;. Mz;L Muk;gkhFk;. fhupayhaj;jpw;F kpy;ypad; Kd;
mtrpakhd Mszp kw;Wk; cupa tsq;fs; NghJkhdsT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

185. fhzhky; NghNdhu; mYtyfj;jpw;F NghJkhd tsq;fs; ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gl;L &gh 500
ehL G+uhfTk; fhzhky; NghNdhupd; FLk;gq;fSf;Fk; kw;Wk; fhzhkw; kpy;ypad; Kd;
Nghdikf;fhd rhd;wpjo; ngw;Wf; nfhz;l eltbf;iffspd; NghJ fhzhkw; Nghd nkhopag;gl;lJ
,uhZtk; kw;Wk; nghyprhu; cs;slq;fshf Njitahd cjtpfs; toq;fg;gLk;.
fhzhky; Nghd mYtyfk; cUthf;fg;gl;L mtu;fsJ gpur;rpidfs; jPu;f;fg;gLk;
tiuapy; khjhe;jk; 6>000 &gh nfhLg;gdT ngw;Wf; nfhLf;fg;gLk;. ,tu;fspd;
FLk;gq;fSf;F 'vd;lu;gpiw]; = yq;fh" fld; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; fld;fisg; ngw;Wf;
nfhs;tjw;Fk; Njrpa xUikg;ghL kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;f mYtyfj;jpdhy;
xUq;fpzif;fg;gLk; tho;thjhu mgptpUj;jpj; jpl;lq;fs; vd;gtw;wpy; ,ize;J
nfhs;tjw;Fk; tpNrl Kd;Dupikaspf;fg;gLk;.
186. nfsut rghehafu; mtu;fNs> tlf;F fpof;F khfhzq;fspd; mgptpUj;jpapidj; &gh 2>500
Jupjg;gLj;Jk; Kfkhf> ,uz;L tUl fhyg;gFjpapy; &gh 5>000 kpy;ypad; kpy;ypad; Kd;
KjyPl;by; Jupj mgptpUj;jpf;fhf 'gid epjpak;" cUthf;fg;gLk;. ,jw;F nkhopag;gl;lJ
gq;fspg;Gr; nra;AkhW eyd;tpUk;gpfs;> nfhil toq;Fdu;fs;> tpNrlkhf
Gyk;ngau;e;J tho;Nthu; Nghd;wtu;fSf;F ehk; miog;G tpLf;fpd;Nwhk;.
,e;epjpahdJ jpiuNrwpapdhy; epu;tfpf;fg;gLk;. ,e;epjpahdJ Aj;jj;jpdhy;
ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspd; mgptpUj;jp eltbf;iffSf;F khtl;l murhq;f
mjpgupD}lhf gad;gLj;jg;gLk;. mgptpUj;jp eltbf;iffSf;F Nkyjpfkhf
,e;epjpahdJ kJghdk; kw;Wk; Nghijg; nghUs; ghtid> ,isQu; Ntiyapd;id
Nghd;w gpur;rpidfsis jPu;g;gjw;Fk; rptpy; r%f csts epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fSf;F
Mjutspg;guw;Fk; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;.
187. fpuhkpag; nghUshjhuj;jpy; 50 rpwpa ifj;njhopy;fis Muk;gpg;gjd; %yk;
Jupjkhf njhopy; tha;g;Gf;fis cUthf;Fjy; kw;Wk; NghJkhd tUkhdj;jpid
ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;Fkhf 2018 ,y; cw;gj;jpahsu; $l;LwTr; rq;fspy;
Fwpg;gpLk;gbahd KjyPLfs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;ld. fle;j tUlj;jpy;
nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l eltbf;iffspd; fhuzkhf ,j;jpl;lj;jpid NkYk; 50 rpwpa
mstpyhd ifj;njhopy; $l;LwTr; rq;fq;fis Jupjkhf cUthf;Ftjw;Fk;
Vw;fdNt cUthf;ffg;gl;ll rq;fq;fis mLj;j fl;l mgptpUj;jpapy;

24
topelhj;Jjtjw;Fk; re;ju;g;gk; mspj;Js;sJ. ,yq;ifiar; Nru;e;j ,sk;
nghwpapyhsu;fs; kw;Wk; njhopy; El;gg; gl;ljhupfshy; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;s nlf;
'rpNyhd; Nrh]pay; ntd;r;ru;" vd;w ,yhg Nehf;fkw;w fk;gdpahdJ tlf;fpy;
,r;rpwpa ifj;njhopy; cw;gj;jpahsu; $l;;LwTr; rq;fq;f Kd;khjpupj; jpl;lj;jpid
nraw;gLj;Jtjw;Fj; Njitahd njhopy;El;g Nritfis RNal;irahf ngw;Wf;
nfhLf;fpd;wJ. ,t;TjtpahdJ murhq;f KjyPl;bd; ntw;wpf;F kpfTk;
,d;wpaikahjjhFk;. ehl;b ; d; Vdia gFjpfspYs;s ,sk; njhopy; ty;Ydu;fs;
vkJ Njrpa nghUshjhuj;jpw;F ,t;thwhd gq;fspg;gpid toq;Fthu;fs; vd
ehd; ek;Gfpd;Nwd;.
&gh 250
188. gLfld; epthuzj; jpl;lkhdJ $l;LwT fpuhkpa tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; rpf;fdf;> fld; kpy;ypad; Kd;
$l;LwT rq;fq;fspD}lhf njhlh;e;J Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. nkhopag;gl;lJ

189. fs;S Nghj;jypy; milj;jy; kw;Wk; fUg;gl;b cw;gj;jpapid ifj;njhopy; &gh 100
cw;gj;jpfshf cUthf;Ftjw;fhd xUq;fpize;j fUj;jpl;lnkhd;W chpa kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
$l;LwTr; rq;fq;fspd; xj;Jiog;Gld; tl khfhzj;jpy; cUthf;fg;gLk;.
190. tptrhapfs; kw;Wk; re;ijfSf;fpilapyhd kpfTk; tpidj;jpwd; kpf;f th;j;jf &gh 100
,izg;GfSf;F trjpaspg;gjw;F kj;jpa nghUshjhu ikankhd;Wld; kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
,izf;fg;gl;l 10 Jizg; nghUshjhu epiyaq;fs; tlkhfhzj;jpy;
jhgpf;fg;gLk;.
&gh 300
191. kd;dhhpy; tptrhaj;Jiwf;F trjpaspf;Fk; tifapy; fl;Lf;fiuf; Fsk; kpy;ypad; Kd;
nkhopag;gl;lJ
Gduikf;fg;gLk;.

192. tlf;F kw;Wk; fpof;fpy; gFjpasT eph;khzpf;fg;gl;l my;yJ mopTw;w tPLfis &gh 2>000
eph;khzpg;gjw;F xj;Jiog;G toq;Ftjw;Fk; Vw;fdNt eph;khzpf;fg;gl;l tPLfSf;F kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL
ePh; kw;Wk; kpd;rhuk; Nghd;w trjpfis toq;Ftjw;Fkhf &gh 2>000 kpy;ypad;
xJf;fPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ.
193. jpUNfhzkiy> mk;ghiw> kl;lf;fsg;G> aho;g;ghzk;> Ky;iyj;jPT> fpspnehr;rp> &gh 500
tTdpah> kd;dhh;> FUehfy;> Gj;jsk;> mEuhjGuk; kw;Wk; nghyeWit kpy;ypad; Kd;
khtl;lq;fspy; tul;rpapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l FbapUg;ghsh;fshd Vwf;Fiwa 45>000 nkhopag;gl;lJ
ngz;fSf;F fld; epthuzj;jpid ehk; toq;fpAs;Nshk;. mth;fSf;F
Mff;$baJ 100>000 &gh tiu (Muk;g %yjdk;) rpW epjp flDk; 2018 a+d;
khjj;jpypUe;J Mff; Fiwe;jJ %d;W khjq;fspd; epYitAk;
tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ,e;epiyikapid vjph;fhyj;jpy; Fiwf;Fk; tifapy;
“vd;ugpiw]; = yq;fh” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; kw;Wk; $l;LwT rq;fq;fspypUe;J
rYiffis toq;Ftjw;F eltbf;if vLf;fg;gLk;.
194. tlkhfhzj;jpy; epiy Nguhd tho;thjhuj;jpid Vw;gLj;jTk; ey;ypzf;fj;jpid &gh 750
cWjpg;gLj;Jtjw;Fkhd vkJ Kaw;rpfs; NkYk; tYg;gLj;jg;gLk; ,jw;fhf kpy;ypad; Kd;
“rNfhju ghlrhiy” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;> “fle;j fhyj;ij kwg;Nghk; - nkhopag;gl;lJ
vjph;fhyj;ijf; fl;bnaOg;GNthk;” tpopg;Gzh;T epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;> ,uhZt
tPuh;fspd; tpjitfSf;fhd “tpUspa rf;jp” epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;> fiy kw;Wk;
fyhrhuj;jpd; Clhf rkhjhdj;jpw;fhd epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; kw;Wk; xUq;fpize;j
fpuhkpa mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; vd;gtw;iw cs;slf;fpajhf Njrpa
xUikg;ghL kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;Jf;fhd mYtyfj;jpdhy; nraw;wpl;lq;fs;
Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk;. ,e;epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fis nraw;gLj;jy; kw;Wk; Nkk;gLj;jy;> Gjpa
epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fis tbtikj;jy; kw;Wk; nraw;gLj;jy; vd;gtw;Wf;fhf Njrpa
xUikg;ghL kw;Wk; ey;ypzf;fj;jpw;fhd mYtyfj;jpw;F NkYk; xj;jhir
toq;fg;gLk;.
tUkhd Kd;nkopTfs;
195. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> ,yq;ifapd; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jpapy; tup
tUkhdj;jpd; tPjkhdJ cyf ehLfSld; xg;gpLifapy; Mff; Fiwe;j epiyf;F
nrd;Ws;sJld; ehl;bd; thp tpidj;jpwd; tpfpjKk; ,yq;ifapid xj;j Vida
ehLfSld; xg;gpLifapy; fPo; epiyf;Fr; nrd;Ws;sJ. ,g;gpd;dzpapy; 2019 ,y;
murpiw tUkhdj;jpid mjpfhpg;gjw;fhd gpd;tUk; tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfis
rkh;g;gpg;gJld; thp tpjpg;gdT Kiwikapy; fhzg;gLk; rpy Kuz;ghLfis

25
ePf;Ftjw;fhd rpghhpRfisAk; ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. xt;nthU tUkhd
Kd;nkhoptpdjpdJk; tpguk; gpd;dpizg;G I ,y; jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

196. rpful;Lfs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it 60 kpy;yp kPww


; Uf;F Nkw;gl;l $WfSf;F
2019 khh;r; 06 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J 12 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfupf;fg;gLtjdhy;>
xt;nthU jdpf;$Uf;Fkhd tpiyahdJ ruhrupahf &gh 5 ,dhy; mjpfupf;Fk;.
2019 a+d; 01 Mk; jpfjpapypUe;J rpful;Lfs; cw;gj;jp kPjhd Njr fl;Lkhd thp
mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. tUlhe;j gz tPf;fk; kw;Wk; nkhj;jj; Njrpa cw;gj;jp
tsh;r;rp vd;gtw;wpidf; nfhz;L Mff; Fiwe;j tUlhe;j jPh;it mjpfhpg;Gld;
tpiyf; FwpaPl;bid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L rpful;Lfs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it
tpjpf;fg;gLk;. ,J tUkhd ghJfhg;gpid cWjpg;gLj;JtJld; nrytpdj;jpidAk;
fl;Lg;gLj;Jk;.

197. Nkhl;lhh; thfdq;fs; kPjhd nrhFR thp kw;Wk; cw;gj;jp jPh;it jpUj;jkhdJ>
2019 khh;r; 06 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J nraw;gLj;jg;gLtJld;> cw;gj;jp jPh;it
jpUj;jkhdJ rpwpa jdpg;gl;l thfdq;fs; kPJ Fiwe;jsthd jhf;fj;jpidNa
Vw;gLj;Jk;. ,jw;F Nkyjpfkhf Nkhl;lhh; thfd ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd 200 rjtPj fhR
tuk;ngy;iy Njitg;ghlhdJ vjph;fhyj;jpy; ePf;fg;gLk;.
198. gPb ,iyfspd; ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPu;it fpNyh fpuhk; xd;Wf;F 2>500
,ypUe;J 3>500 &ghthf 2019 khh;r; 06 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J jpUj;jg;gLk;.

199. MnshUtUf;fhd Gwg;gLiff; fl;lzk; 10 I.m. nlhyupdhy; mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.


,t;thW mjpfhpf;fg;gLfpd;w Gwg;gLiff; fl;lzk; 2019 Vg;uy; 01 Me;
jpfjpapypUe;J jpul;L epjpaj;jpy; tuT itf;fg;gLk;.

200. VNjDk; fld; ml;il kw;Wk; gw;W ml;il %yk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; midj;J
ntspehl;L nfhLg;gdTfs; kPjhd jw;nghOJ fhzg;gLk; Kj;jpiu jPh;itf;Fg;
gjpyhf 3.5 rjtPj Njr fl;Lkhd thp mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,J 2019 khu;r; 06
Me; jpfjpapypUe;J nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;. ,k; Kd;nkhopthdJ fiu fle;j b[pw;wy;
Nritfspd; thp tpjpg;gdT FiwghLfis epth;j;jp nra;tjw;F cjTk;.

201. flTr; rPlL


; xU ehs; kw;Wk; rhjhuz tpepNahfk;> flTr; rPl;L jpUj;jk;
njhlh;ghd fl;lzq;fs; 2019 Vg;uy; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J gad;tYg; ngWk;
tifapy; gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jg;gLk;.

jw;Nghja fl;lzk; cj;Njrf; fl;lzk;


,y. tpguk;
&gh/flTr;rPl;L &gh/ flTr;rPl;L
1. flTr; rPl;L jpUj;jk; 500 1>000
2. xU ehs; Nrit 10>000 15>000
3. rhjuz Nrit 3>000 3>500

202. Nkhl;lhh; thfd Nghf;Ftuj;J jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk; Nkhl;lhh;


thfdj;Jf;fhd ngaUld;$ba jdpg;gl tpNrl ,yf;fj; jfLfSf;fhd tpiy
2019 a+d; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jg;gLk;.

, jw;Nghja fl;lzk; cj;Njrf; fl;lzk;


,yf;fj;jfL tif
y. &gh /myF &gh/ myF
1. tpNrl ,yf;fj;jfL
tif 1 50>000 70>000
tif 2 60>000 90>000
tif 3 70>000 100>000
2. ngaUld; jdpg;gl Vw;Gilajy;y 1>000>000
tpNrl ,yf;fj; jfL

203. tUlhe;j gz tPf;fk; kw;Wk; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp tsh;r;rp vd;gtw;wpd;


mbg;gilapyhd Rl;bnahd;wpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Mff; Fiwe;j
tUlhe;j cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it fzpg;gPL nra;ag;gLtNjhL 2019 khh;r; 06 Me; jpfjp
Kjy; tpiyr;Rl;bapd; mbg;gilapy; jpUj;jg;gLk;.

26
cs;ehl;by; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLk; td; kJghdq;fs; kPjhd kJthp 8
rjtPjj;jpdhYk; (tpNrl rhuhaj;jpw;fhd cw;gj;jpj; jPu;itahdJ njhlu;e;J
khwhjpUf;Fk;) ghF kJkhdk; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPu;it 12 rjtPjj;jpdhYk;
tUlhe;j gz tPf;fk; kw;Wk; nkhj;j cs;ehl;L cw;gj;jp tsh;r;rp vd;gtw;wpd;
mbg;gilapyhd Rl;bnahd;wpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L Mff; Fiwe;j
tUlhe;j jPh;it gpd;tUkhW fzpf;fg;gLk;.

cw;gj;jpj; jPu;it cj;Njrj; jPu;it


,y. kJrhuj;jpd; tif
&gh/yPw;wu; &gh/yPw;wu;
1. tpNrl rhuhak; 3>300 khw;wkpy;iy
2. Vida rhuhak; 3>300 3,550
3. ntspehl;L kJghdk; 3>300 3,550
4. gpah; 5% ,w;F FiwthdJ 2>400 2,700
5. gpah; 5 % ,w;F Nkw;gl;lJ 2>400 2,700
6. cs;ehl;L itd; njhif yPww ; u; 100 600

204. KjyPl;Lr; rigapdhy; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l njhopy; Kaw;rpfspdhy; Milfs;


tpw;gid kPjhd ngWkjp Nrh; thp Jz;nlhd;Wf;F 75 &ghtpypUe;J 100 &ghthf
gztPf;f tpiyf;FwpaPl;bd; mbg;gilapy; 2019 a+d; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J
jpUj;jg;gLk;.
205. 2016 ,ypUe;J ,Jtiu jpUj;jg;glhj fl;lzq;fs;; kw;Wk; mwtPLfs; midj;Jk;
15 rjtPjj;jpdhy; 2019 a+d; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
206. mjpNtfg; ghijfspd; EioTf; fl;lzk; 2019 Vg;uy; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J
thfd neupry; kpf;f Neuq;fspd; NghJ 100 &ghtpdhy; mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
207. frpNdh tpisahl;Lf;fhd tUlhe; chpkf; fl;lzk; &gh 200 kpy;ypadpypUe;J 400
kpy;ypadhfTk; Uj;[pNdh tpisahl;Lf;fhd tUlhe;j chpkf; fl;lzkhf &gh
1>000>000 mwpKfg;gLj;jg;gLk;. frpNdh Gus;T tup 15 rjtPjkhf mwtplg;gLk;.
Gjpa jpUj;jq;fs; 2019 Vg;uy; 01 Me; jpfjpapypYe;J nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;

208. frpNdh EioTf; fl;lzk; MnshUtUf;F 50 I.m. nlhyu; 2019 Vg;uy; 01 Me;
jpfjpapypYe;J mwtplg;gLk;.
209. njhpT nra;ag;gl;l ,wf;Fkjpg; nghUl;fs; kPjhd nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk;
jpUj;jg;gLk;.

210. gor;rhW> kJghdk; kw;Wk; Gifapiyf;fhd Fwpg;gPl;L tpfpj Rq;f ,wq;Fkjpj;


jPu;it 2019 khu;r; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J jpUj;jg;gLk;.

211. tUkhd kw;Wk; nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; gw;wpa tpguk; njhopy;El;g Fwpg;gpy;


jug;gl;Ls;sJ.

212. 2019 epjp tUlj;jpw;fhd 2019 ,d; xJf;fPl;Lr; rl;l %yj;jpw;fhd gLfld; ngWif
tiuaiwf;F chpa jpUj;jq;fs; gpd;dpizg;G III ,y; jug;gl;Ls;sJ. tUkhd
Kd;nkhopTfs; gpd;dpizg;G I ,y; jug;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk;> murpiw Ntiyr;rl;lf
tpguk; gpd;dpizg;G IV ,y; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. xg;gilf;fg;gl;l gzpfis
epiwNtw;Wtjw;F gpd;gw;wg;gl Ntz;ba eph;thfr; nrad;Kiwfis ftdj;jpw;
nfhz;L %yjd kw;Wk; nghUl;fs; Nritfs; nrytpdj;jpypUe;J 10 rjtPjk;
Kjy; 15 rjtPjk; tiu Nrkpg;gjw;F ehd; Kd;nkhopfpd;Nwd;. tuT
nryTj;jpl;lj;jpd; ,uz;lhtJ thrpg;Gld; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;w 2003 Mk; Mz;bd; 3
Mk; ,yf;f murpiw Kfhikj;Jt (nghWg;Gr;) rl;lj;jpd; fPohd Mtzk; ,j;Jld;
ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; rkh;g;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.

213. nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs> mjpNkjF rdhjpgjp kw;Wk; nfsut gpujkUf;F


mth;fs; toq;fpa topfhl;ly;fSf;fhf ehd; ed;wp $w tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. vdJ
,uh[hq;f mikr;rh; nfsut vuhd; tpf;ukuj;d mth;fSf;Fk; vdf;F toq;fpa
xj;Jiog;Gf;fhf ed;wp $Wfpd;Nwd;. ,e;j tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpidj;

27
jahhpg;gjw;F topfhl;ly;fshf mike;j Kd;nkhopTfis mDg;gp itj;j
midtUf;Fk; ehd; ed;wp $Wfpd;Nwd;. mikr;ruitapYs;s vdJ ez;gh;fs;
ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;fs; midtUk; toq;fpa xj;Jiog;Gfis ehd;
kjpf;fpd;Nwd;. ,Wjpahf ,e;j tuT nryTj;jpl;lj;jpidj; jahhpg;gjw;fhf
fLikahf cioj;j jpiwNrhpapd; nrayhsh; kw;Wk; midj;J mYtyh;fSf;Fk;
vdJ kdkhh;e;j ed;wpfisj; njhptpj;Jf;nfhs;s tpUk;Gfpd;Nwd;. nfsut
rghehafh; mth;fNs> vkJ nghUshjhuf; nfhs;iffs; fhyj;jpw;Ff; fhyk; Fwpa
fhy topfhl;ly;fspd; %yk; cUthf;fg;gl;Ls;sJld; vkJ nghUshjhu
Kiwikapy; epr;rakw;w jd;ikapidAk; ngUk; Fog;g epiyapidAk;
Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ehl;bd; cz;ikahd Mw;wy;fspd; gyid mDgtpg;gijapl;Lk;
,it jLj;jd. cz;ikapy; vkJ kf;fs; xg;ge;jnkhd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpl;Ls;sdh;.
,g;ghuhSkd;wj;jpYs;s vkf;F ,e;epiyapid khw;Wtjw;fhd mjpfhuk; cs;sJ.
ehk; gpujpepjpj;Jtg;gLj;Jfpd;w vkJ kf;fspd; RgPl;rj;jpid Vw;gLj;jf;$ba Gjpa
Kd;Djhuzk; xd;wpid ehk; cUthf;f KbAk;.
cq;fs; midtUf;Fk; ed;wp..!

28
gpd;dpizg;Gf;fs;

tpguk; ,y.

tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfs; - 2019 gpd;dpizg;G I

nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; - 2019 gpd;dpizg;G II

nkhj;j ngWifj; Njitg;ghLfs; - 2019 gpd;dpizg;G III

tuT nryTj;jpl;l RUf;fk; (2015 – 2019) gpd;dpizg;G IV

fhyhz;L tuT nryTj;jpl;l kjpg;gPLfs; 2019 gpd;dpizg;G V

murhq;fj;jpd; eLj;jufhy murpiw vjpu;T$wy;fs; gpd;dpizg;G VI

tupr; nrytpd mwpf;if gpd;dpizg;G VII

muRlik njhopy; Kaw;rpfspd; tu;j;jfky;yh gpd;dpizg;G VIII


flg;ghLfspd; kjpg;gPL nra;ag;gl;l nryT
njhopEl;g Fwpg;Gf;fs;

gFjp I tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfs;

gFjp II nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs;

tpsf;ff; Fwpg;Gf;fs;
gpd;dpizg;G IX
gFjp III (m) fk;ngwspa epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk;

(M) vd;lgpiw]; = yq;fh jpl;lk;

(,) cau; ngWkjp KjyPLfSf;fhd


Cf;Ftpg;Gfs;
(<) ,af;Feu; rigapy; ngz;fs;

29
gpd;dpizg;G - I

murpiw tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfs; – 2019*


Mz;nlhd;Wf;F
,y. Kd;nkhopT &gh kpy;.

Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fs; kPjhd cw;gj;jptupapidj; jpUj;jy; kw;Wk;


1 nrhFR Nkhl;lhu; thfdq;fs; kPJ nrhFR tupapid 48,000
mKy;gLj;jy;.
,yq;if KjyPl;Lr; rigapdhy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;l njhopy;
Kaw;rpfspdhy; cs;ehl;L re;ijfSf;F tpw;gidf;fhf tplg;gLk;
2 ijf;fg;gl;l Milfs; kPjhd ngWkjpNru; tupapidj; jpUj;jy;. 500

rpfnul;> kJghdk; kw;Wk; njupT nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fs; kPjhd 37,000


3 cw;gj;jp tupapidj; jpUj;jy;.

Gwg;gLiff; fl;lzk; kw;Wk; flTr;rPl;L tpepNahff; fl;lzk; 8,000


4 vd;gdtw;iwj; jpUj;jy;.

5 gPb ,iy (Tendu) kPjhd nr]; tupapidj; jpUj;jy;. 2,000

6 fld; ml;il (Credit Card) kw;Wk; gw;W ml;il (Debit Card)


vd;gtw;iwg; gad;gLj;jp Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l fiufle;j vz;zpay; 5,000
js Nritfs; cs;slq;fyhf Vida midj;J ntspehl;Lf;
nfhLg;gdTfs; kPJk; rpfnul; cw;gj;j kPJk; Njrfl;Lkhd tup
tpjpj;jy;.

7 2016 Mk; Mz;L Kjy; ,w;iw tiuapy; jpUj;jpaikf;fg;glhj


fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; mwtPLfis 15% My; jpUj;jpaikj;jy;.
tpNrl ,yf;fj; jfLfs; tpepNahff; fl;lzj;jpidj; jpUj;jy;. 18,000
mjpNtf tPjpfspy; neupry; Neu thfd EisTf; fl;lzk;
kw;Wk; Rw;Wyh mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;bid mKy;gLj;jy;.

8 Gifapiy> kJghdk; kw;Wk; njupT nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fs; 20,000


kPjhd Rq;f ,wf;Fkjpj; jPu;itapidj; jpUj;jy;.

9 njupT nra;ag;gl;l nghUl;fs; kPjhd nghUshjhu Nritf; 15,000


fl;lzk; tpjpj;jy;.

10 frpNdh kw;Wk; Wl;[pNdh tpisahl;Lf;fspd; cupkf; fl;lzk; 2,500


kw;Wk; frpNdh Gus;T tup vd;gtw;wpidj; jpUj;Jjy; kw;Wk;
frpNdh EisTf; fl;lzj;jpid mwpKfg;gLj;jy;.

11 cs;ehl;L ,iwtupr; rl;lk;> JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya (6,000)


mgptpUj;jp mwtPL kw;Wk; nr]; tup vd;gdtw;wpd; kPJ
Nkw;nfhs;sg;gl;l rupnra;iffspdhy; ,of;fg;gl;l murpiw
tUkhdj;jpw;fhd Vw;ghL.
murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ.

30
* xJf;fPl;Lr; rl;l%yk; 2019 cld; Nru;j;J rku;g;gpf;fg;gl;l murpiw tUkhd kjpg;gPLfspy;
Fwpg;gpl;l gy murpiw tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfspd; murpiw tUkhd tpisTfs; jhf;fKk;
Vw;fdNt cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
gpd;dpizg;G - II
nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs; - 2019

xJf;fPL - &gh kpy;.


,y. tplak; kPz;nlOk; %yjdk;
rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju njhopy;Kaw;rp cj;juthj
20 epjpankhd;wpidj; jhgpj;jy; 500

25 tptrhapfSf;fhd tptrha-tpahghu xj;Jiog;Gj; jpl;lk; 250


fl;Lehaf;f> vk;gpypgpl;ba> aho;g;ghzk; kw;Wk;
26 nfg;gl;bg;nghytpy; fsQ;rpa trjpfisj; jhgpj;jy; 400

jdpahHJiwapdhy; lau; gupNrhjid kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jpf;fhd


29 Muha;r;rp trjpapid jhgpg;gjw;F trjpaspj;jy; 50

tptrhapfSf;F njhopy;El;g khw;wYf;fhf


33 nfh];nfhilapYs;s fUth gapw;rpf; fy;Y}upf;fhd xj;Jiog;G 75

,yq;if fUthtpw;fhd Gtpapay; Fwpfhl;ly;fisg;


34 (Geographical Indications) ngwYk; NgzYk;
50

'eq;tK yq;fh" Ez; kw;Wk; rpwpa njhopy;Kaw;rp mgptpUj;jp


36 epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 2,000

gd;dhs; glFfspd; fsQ;rpa trjp kw;Wk; ghJfhg;G


40 300
epakq;fis Nkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf 50% khdpak;.
41 ghlrhiy khztHfSf;F ,ytr Ftisg; ghy; 1,000
43 NjitAilatu;fSf;F Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfis toq;fy; 4,000
Ng&e;J epiyaq;fs; kw;Wk; Gifapuj epiyaq;fspy;
44 Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfis Nkk;gLj;jy; 1,000

jdpahu; epWtdq;fspdhy; tyJ Fiwe;Njhupw;F njhopy;


53 toq;Ftjw;fhf rk;gs khdpak; toq;fy; 200

mk;NgG];] kw;Wk; tPutpytpy; fpGl;]; khjpup gz;izfs; 2


55 ,idj; jhgpj;jy; 250

njhk;Ngapy; ngz; rpiwf;ifjpfSf;fhd gaw;rp


56 epiyankhd;wpidj; jhgpj;jy; 50

tlf;F kw;Wk; fpof;fpy; nrq;fy; kw;Wk; rhe;J tif


58 tPlikg;Gj; jpl;lk; 5,500

62 Njrpa Vw;Wkjp cghak;; 250


,e;jpa kw;Wk; rPd re;ijfspy; Eioa ,yq;if
64 epWtdq;fSf;F cjtpaspj;jy; 50

68 tu;jj; f rPuikg;G epfo;r;rpj;jpl;l mKy;gLj;jy; 50 200


69 njhopy;Kaw;rpahd;ik Gj;jhf;f epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 50
gpq;fpupa kw;Wk; thftj;ij ifj;njhopw; Ngl;ilfspd;
74 cl;fl;likg;G trjpfs; 500

ifj;njhopw; Ngl;ilfis jhgpj;jy; - fhq;Nfre;Jiw> khe;ij


75 fpof;F> gue;jd;> nfhz;lr;rp> fpz;zpah> rk;khe;Jiw kw;Wk; 1,000
jpUNfhzkiy

31
78 flj;jy; kw;Wk; Nghijg;nghUs; tpaghuj;jpid fl;Lg;gLj;jy; 250
80 tUkhd Gydha;T gpuptpid jhgpj;jy; 50 200
100 Mrpupau;fspd; njhlu; njhopy;rhu; mgptpUj;jp 100
fy;tp rpwg;Gj; Nju;r;rpf;fhd Gyikg;guprpy; epjpaj;jpw;fhd
102 (Scholarship for Educational Excellence (SEE) Fund) gq;fspg;G 500

Fspahgpl;ba kw;Wk; ,uj;jpdGup itj;jparhiyfspy; Nguhrpupa


myFfisj; jhgpj;jy;
106 cWFiz gy;fiyf;fof ,ize;j Rfhjhu tpQ;Qhd 600
gPlj;jpid kw;Wk; = [atHjdGu gy;fiyf;fof kUj;JtgPl
Ma;T$l trjpfis mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;
110 jkpo;nkhop%y MrpupaH gapw;rp 400
Rfhjhuj;; Jiwapy; rhd;WgLj;jg;gl;l gapw;rp newpfisr;
112 Nkw;nfhs;Sk; gapYdHfSf;F cjTnjhif toq;fy; 100

Fiw tUkhdk; ngWk; FLk;gq;fspd; ,isQu;fSf;fhd


113 tho;f;ifj; njhopy; gapw;rp 100

'Rtnrwpa" mk;Gyd;]; Nritf;fhd 300 js epiyaq;fis


117 mikj;jy; 200

tPl;by; FUjp Rj;jpfupg;G nra;af;$ba ,ae;jpuq;fis


118 toq;Fjy; kw;Wk; kPs; gpurhuz ePu; Rj;jpfupg;G nghwpfSldhd 500
FUjp Rj;jpfupg;G epiyaq;fis tYg;gLj;jy;.

ehl;gl;l rpWePuf Nehapid Muk;gj;jpNyNa fz;lwptjw;fhf


119 tPL tPlhf gupNrhjpj;jy; 50

njU eha; fUj;jil epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; %yk; tpru; eha;;f;fb


120 Neha;f; fl;Lg;ghL 100

121 Neha; jzpg;Gg; guhkupg;Gj; Jiwapy;; Mw;wy; tpUj;jp 50


,uz;L tpisahl;luq;Ffis juKau;jj ; y; - khj;jisapy;
123 Ngu;dhl; mYtpfhiu tpisahl;luq;F kw;Wk; nfhyd;dhitapy; 300
tPurpq;f ky;ypkhur;rp tpisahl;luq;F
124 Njrpa xypk;gpf; epjpaj;jpw;fhd gq;fspg;G 100
126 "njhopypy; tpQ;Qhdk;" rthy; epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 50
129 "RfpjGutu" efu mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 2,000
130 Ngiu thtpapd; ePH juj;jpid rPHg;gLj;jy; 800
134 aho;g;ghz efu kz;lg kPs;epu;khzk; 700
135 kiyaf kuGupikapid Ngzpg;ghJfhj;jy; 900
136 Nghfk;giu rpiwr;rhiy kPs;mgptpUj;jpf;fUj;jpl;lk; 750
137 fy;Kid kw;Wk; rk;khe;Jiw efu mgptpUj;jp 1,000
139 'gpu[h [y mgpkhd;" ePu; toq;fy; jpl;lk; 1,500
141 'r`ru Ng&e;J etPdkag;gLj;jy;" epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 1,000
,yq;if Nghf;Ftuj;J rigf;F etPd trjpfSld;; $ba
143 ghtidahsH ,iaG epakq;fSila 250 Gjpa Ng&e;Jfis 1,500
nfhs;tdT nra;jy;
"uz; khtj;" fpuhkpa tPjp guhkupg;G kw;Wk; eph;khz
149 epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 10,000

32
murJiw CopaHfSf;F &gh 2>500 khjhe;j ,ilf;fhy
150 nfhLg;gdT 20,000

151 Xa;T+jpa jpUj;jk; 12,000


,uhZtj;jpd; fkhz;Nlh> rPUil> thlif kw;Wk; ed;dlj;ij
152 nfhLg;gdTfisj; jpUj;Jjy;; 1,175

njhopDl;gk; kw;Wk; etPdkag;gLj;Jif Clhf murJiwapy;


153 juk; kw;Wk; cw;gj;jpj;jpwd; Nkk;ghL 400
,yQ;rk; kw;Wk; Coy;gw;wpa nghJkf;fSf;fhd tpopg;Gzu;T
154 epfo;r;rpfs; 100
155 ,yj;jpudpay; mur b[pw;wy; Mtz Kfhik 100
156 'fpuhkrf;jp" cw;gj;jp fpuhkq;fs; epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 500
157 ';];khHl; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 500
xt;nthU gpuNjr nrayfq;fspYk; r%f ika 'gRikf;
165 fofq;fis" jhgpj;jy; 450
168 fz;ly; jhtu kPs; eLif 50
'mzu;j;j Kfhik vjpu;ghuh nrytpd epjpaj;jpw;F" xJf;fPL
170 nra;tjw;fhd Vw;ghL 10,000
171 Njrpa ,aw;if mzu;jj ; fhg;GWjpj; jpl;lk; 1,000
172 cyu; tya mgptpUj;jp Kd;ndLg;Gf;fis tp];jupj;jy; 250
178 kL Njthya Gdpj G+kpapy; cl;fl;likg;G trjpfspd; Nkk;ghL 200
179 Nahd; b rpy;th fiyauq;fpd; Gduikg;G 700
180 Njrpa fyhgtdj;jpid etPdkag;gLj;jy; 100
nkhul;Litapy; cyfj; juj;jpyhd muq;fw;fiy
181 epiyaj;jpidj; jhgpj;jy; 300

ey;ypzf;f nghwpKiw xUq;fpizg;Gr; nrayfj;jpdhy;


183 Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; njhlu;ghly; kw;Wk; tpopg;Gzu;T 200
epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;
184 el;l<l;L mYtyfj;jpid jhgpj;jy; 400 300
el;l<l;L mYtyfj;jpid jhgpf;Fk;tiu fhzhkw;
185 Nghdtu;fSf;fhf cjtpaspg;G 500
186 gid epjpaj;jpw;fhd Muk;g %yjdk; 2,500
187 tlf;fpy; KjyPl;L cjtp epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 750
$l;LwT fpuhkpa tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; rpf;fd fld; $l;LwT
188 rq;fq;fs; Clhf fld; epthuzj; jpl;lk; 250

189 fs;S Nghj;jypy; milj;jy; kw;Wk; fUg;gl;b cw;gj;jp 100


10 Jiz nghUshjhu epiyaq;fis ,izf;Fk; kj;jpa
190 nghUshjhu epiyaj;jpidj; jhgpj;jy; 100
191 kd;dhupy; fl;Lf;fiuf; Fsj;jpid Gduikj;jy; 300
tul;rpapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l gpuNjrq;fspYs;s ngz;fSf;fhd
193 fld; epthuz epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk; 500

gy;NtWgl;l epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fs; %yk; ey;ypzf;fk; kw;Wk;


194 epiyNgwhd tho;thjhuk; 750

Njrpa tuTnryTj;jpl;l jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ

33
gpd;dpizg;G - III

nkhj;j fld; ngWifj; Njitg;ghLfs; - 2019


(fzf;fl
P ;L nfhLf;fy; thq;fy;fSf;fhd Vw;ghLfis Nkw;nfhs;sy;)

tplak; &gh.gpy;

nkhj;jntUkhdg; ngWiffs; kw;Wk; khdpaq;fs;


2,403
kPs; nfhLg;gdTfs; cs;slq;fyhf nkhj;jf;
nfhLg;gdTfs; 4,640

Kw;gzf; fzf;Fj; njhopw;ghLfSf;fhd Vw;ghLfs; 6


murhq;f fzf;Ffspy; gjpag;gl Ntz;bAs;s KO nkhj;j
fld; ngWiffs; Njitg;ghLfs; 2,079

murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ.

34
gpd;dpizg;G - IV
tuT nryTj;jpl;lr; RUf;fk; (2015- 2019)1

&gh. gpy;
2018 2019 tuT 2020 vjpu;T
tplak; 2015 2016 2017
jpUj;jpa nryT $wy;
nkhj;j t UkhdK k; khdpaq;f Sk; 1,534 1,773 1,932 2,025 2,464 2,859
nkhj;j t Ukhdk; 1,528 1,766 1,924 2,013 2,451 2,844
t up t Ukhdk; 1,356 1,464 1,671 1,712 2,077 2,420
tup tUkhdk; 263 259 275 310 385 480
nghUl;fs; Nritfs; kPjhd tup 804 842 1,026 1,062 1,293 1,510
tu;j;jf Vw;Wkjp kPjhd tup 289 363 370 340 399 430
t upay;y hj t Ukhdk; 99 222 161 208 267 302
khfhz ri g t up gq;F fSk; t Ukhd
khw;w y;f Sk; 73 80 92 93 107 122
khdpaq;f s; 6 7 8 12 13 15
nkhj;j nrytpdk; 2,364 2,413 2,666 2,786 3,149 3,450
kPz ;n l Ok; 1,775 1,837 2,021 2,182 2,415 2,661
kh.rigfs; cs;slq;fshf rk;gsq;fSk; $ypfSk; 618 632 660 697 778 863
khfhz rig cs;slq;fshf Vida nghUl;fs; kl;Lk;
Nritfs; 201 169 167 160 178 183
tl;b 527 611 736 852 913 1,000
cjT njhiffSk; khw;wy;fSk; 428 425 458 473 546 615
murhq;f K jyPL 603 594 657 625 756 811
Vida (14) (18) (12) (21) (22) (22)
t Ukhd kpi f (+)/gw;w hf;F i w (-) (247) (71) (97) (169) 36 183
Muk;g kpi f (+)/gw;w hf;F i w (-) (303) (29) 2 91 228 409
t .nr.jp.kpi f (+)/gw;w hf;F i w (-) (830) (640) (734) (761) (685) (591)
nkhj;j epjpaspg;G 830 640 734 761 685 591
nkhj;j nt spehl ;L epjpaspg;G 369 429 382 465 55 120
ntspehl;L ngWiffs; Njwpa 556 574 601 772 720 700
fUj;jpl;l kw;Wk; epfo;r;rpj; jpl;l fld;fs; 173 208 220 210 270 300
ntspehl;L tu;j;jfk; 383 366 381 562 450 400
gLfld; kPs;nfhLg;gdT (187) (145) (219) (307) (665) (580)
nkhj;j cs;e hl ;L epjpaspg;G 461 211 352 296 630 471
tq;fpay;yhj epjpaspg;Gf;fs; 197 399 120 279 362 295
jpiwNrwp cz;bay;fs;> jpiwNrup Kwpfs; kPjhd
223 (121) 54 (129) 180 140
ntspehl;L KjyPLfs;
tq;fpf;fld; ngWiffs; 41 (67) 133 38 88 36
ifAjpu;g;G eltbf;i ffs; 45 108 -
nkhj;j t Ukhdk; kw;W k; khdpak; / nkh.c.c. (%) 14.0 15.0 14.5 14.1 15.8 16.8
nkhj;j t Ukhdk;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 14.0 14.9 14.5 14.0 15.7 16.7
tuptUkhdk;/nkh.c.c. 12.4 12.4 12.6 11.9 13.3 14.2
tupay;yhj tUkhdk; /nkh.c.c. (%) 0.9 1.9 1.2 1.4 1.7 1.8
kh.r.tUkhd gfpu;T khw;wg;gl;l tUkhdk; / nkh.c.c. (%) 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7
khdpak;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
nkhj;j nryt pdk;/nkh.c.c.(%) 21.6 20.3 20.1 19.4 20.2 20.3
eilKiwr; nrytpdk;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 16.2 15.5 15.2 15.2 15.5 15.7
tl;bay;yhjit/nkh.c.c.(%) 11.4 10.4 9.7 9.3 9.6 9.8
tl;b / nkh.c.c. (%) 4.8 5.1 5.5 5.9 5.9 5.9
murhq;f KjyPL / nkh.c.c. (%) 5.5 5.0 4.9 4.4 4.8 4.8
tUkhd kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) nkh.c.c. (%) (2.3) (0.6) (0.7) (1.2) 0.2 1.1
Muk;g kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) nkh.c.c. (%) (2.8) (0.2) 0.0 0.6 1.5 2.4
t .nr.jp.kpi f (+)/gw;w hf;F i w (-) nkh.c.c.(%) (7.6) (5.4) (5.5) (5.3) (4.4) (3.5)
murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;g l;lJ.
1
khfhz rigfSf;fhd khw;wy; tUkhdq;fSk; nrytpdq;fSk; cs;slq;fyhf

35
gpd;dpizg;G - V
1
fhyhz;L tuTnryTj;jpl;l kjpg;gPLfs; - 2019
&gh.gpy;
tplak; fh1 fh2 fh3 fh4 nkhj;jk;
nkhj;j tUkhdKk; khdpq;fSk; 545 557 640 722 2,464
nkhj;j tUkhdk; 544 555 637 715 2,451
tup tUkhdk; 473 486 545 573 2,077
tUkhd tup 80 82 120 103 385
nghUl;fs; Nritfs; kPjhd tup 298 312 330 353 1,293
tu;j;jf Vw;Wkjp kPjhd tup 95 92 95 117 399
tupay;yhj tUkhdk; 50 45 64 108 267
khfhz rig tup gq;FfSk; tUkhd khw;wy;fSk; 21 24 28 34 107
khdpaq;fs; 1 2 3 7 13
nkhj;j nrytpdk; 710 709 863 857 3,149
kPz;nlOk; 555 554 671 635 2,415
khfhz rigfs; cl;gl rk;gsq;fSk; $ypfSk; 180 185 198 215 778
khfhz rig cs;slq;fshf Vida nghUl;fs;
kl;Lk; Nritfs; 25 36 55 62 178
tl;b 225 202 278 208 913
cjT njhiffSk; khw;wy;fSk; 125 131 140 150 546
murhq;f KjyPL 167 159 200 230 756
Vida (2) (4) (8) (8) (22)
tUkhd kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) (11) 1 (34) 80 36
Muk;gkpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) 50 50 55 73 228
t.nr.jp.kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) (175) (152) (223) (135) (685)
nkhj;j epjpaspg;G (79) 515 129 120 685
nkhj;j ntspehl;L epjpaspg;G (Njwpa) (230) 340 (60) 5 55
nkhj;j fld;ngWif 40 560 40 80 720
kPs;nfhLg;gdT (270) (220) (100) (75) (665)
Njwpa nkhj;j fld; ngWif (Njwpa) 151 175 189 115 630
tq;fpay;yhj fld;ngWif 90 110 120 42 362
jpiwNrwp cz;bay;fs;> jpiwNrup Kwpfs; kPjhd
ntspehl;L KjyPLfs; 36 45 54 45 180
tq;fpf; fld;ngWif 25 20 15 28 88
tUkhdk; kw;Wk; khdpak;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 3.4 3.6 4.1 4.6 15.8
nkhj;j tUkhdk;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 3.4 3.6 4.1 4.6 15.7
tuptUkhdk;/nkh.c.c. 3.0 3.1 3.5 3.7 13.3
tupay;yhj tUkhdk; /nkh.c.c. (%) 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7 1.7
kh.r.tUkhd gfpu;T khw;wg;gl;l tUkhdk;/
0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7
nkh.c.c. (%)
khdpak;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
nkhj;j nrytpdk;/nkh.c.c.(%) 4.5 4.6 5.6 5.5 20.2
eilKiwr; nrytpdk;/ nkh.c.c. (%) 3.5 3.6 4.3 4.1 15.5
tl;bay;yhjit/nkh.c.c.(%) 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.7 9.6
tl;b/ nkh.c.c. (%) 1.4 1.3 1.8 1.3 5.9
murhq;f KjyPL/ nkh.c.c. (%) 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.5 4.8
tUkhd kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) nkh.c.c. (%) (0.1) - (0.2) 0.5 0.2
Muk;g kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) nkh.c.c. (%) 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.5
t.nr.jp.kpif (+)/gw;whf;Fiw (-) nkh.c.c.(%) (1.1) (1.0) (1.4) (0.9) (4.4)
murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ.

36
gpd;dpizg;G - VI

murhq;fj;jpd; eLj;jufhy murpiw vjpu;T$wy;


nkh.c.c. % ,y;
2018 2019 vjpu;T$wy;
jw;fhypf tuTnryT 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Muk;g kPjp 0.6 1.5 2.4 3.0 3.3 3.4 3.4
xl;L nkhj;j kPjp (5.3) (4.4) (3.5) (2.8) (2.4) (2.2) (2.0)

murhq;f gLfld; 84 83 81 75 70 66 61
nghJ gLfld;
(cj;juthjq;fs;
cs;slq;fyhf) 91 89 87 82 77 72 68

nka; nkh.c.cw;gj;jp
tsu;r;rp 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.8
murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; njhFf;fg;gl;lJ.

37
gpd;dpizg;G - VII
tupr; nrytpd mwpf;if
tupr; nrytpdk; kw;Wk; mjw;fhd mDkhdq;fs; vd;gdtw;Wf;fhd murpiwr;
nrytpdk; gw;wpa murhq;fj;jpd; ,w;iwg;gLj;jg;gl;l kjpg;gPLfs; kw;Wk; mj;jifa
kjpg;gPLfis jahupg;gjw;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; Kiwik gw;wpa tpsf;fj;jpid ,g;
gpupT toq;FfpwJ. ,yq;ifapy; epjp mwpf;ifaply; nraw;ghl;by; ntspg;gilj;
jd;ikapid ru;tNjr uPjpahfg; gpd;gw;wg;gLk; rpwe;j eilKiwfSld; ,ize;j
tifapy; Nkk;gLj;Jtjid tupr;nrytpdf; $w;W Nehf;fhff; nfhz;Ls;sJ. tup
tpyf;fspg;Gf;fs;> fopg;gdTfs;> tupg;nghWg;Gg; gpw;Nghly;fs;> Fwpg;gpl;l
nfhs;ifrhu; ,yf;nfhd;wpid miltjw;fhd rYif tup tPjq;fs; vd;gdtw;wpid
tupr; nrytpdk; cs;slf;FfpwJ. njupT nra;ag;gl;l tup eilKiwapd; tpisthf
Vw;gl;l nkhj;j tup tUkhd kjpg;gPNl tupr;nrytpdq;fs; MFk;.
mDkhdq;fs;
gpd;tUk; mDkhdq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L tupr; nrytpd mwpf;if
jahupf;fg;gLfpwJ.
m) fzpg;gPLfs; 100% tup tUkhd ,zf;fg;ghl;bid mbg;gilahff;
nfhz;like;Js;sJ.
M) kjpg;gPl;Lr; rpf;fy;fs;> eilKiwKiwrhu; tOf;fs;> ifkhw;wy; tpiyaply;
kw;Wk; tup ,zf;fg;ghbd;ik fhuzkhf Vw;gLfpd;w tUkhd ,og;Gf;fs; ,jpy;
cs;slf;fg;gltpy;iy.
(,) 2018 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd tuTnryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; Kd;nkhopag;gl;l tup tpfpj
khw;wq;fs;> ePf;fg;gl;l tup tpyf;fspg;Gf;fs; kw;Wk; Vida tpUg;Gupikfs;
vd;gdTk; fUj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sd.
<) ntspehl;L tu;j;jf tupr; nrytpdkhdJ ntspehl;L tu;j;jfj;NjhL
rk;ge;jg;gl;l gy;NtWgl;l cld;gbf;iffNshL gpizf;fg;gl;bUg;gjd;
fhuzkhf ntspehl;L tu;j;jfj;NjhL rk;ge;jg;gl;l JiwKf> tpkhd epiya
mgptpUj;jp mwtPL> nr]; tup kw;Wk; Rq;fj; jPu;it vd;gd
tupr;nrytpdj;jpidf; fzpf;Fk; NghJ ftdj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gLtjpy;iy.
c) Gus;T tupf;Fg; gjpyhf khfhz rigfSld; tup gupkhw;w Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf
tpjpf;fg;gl;l Njr fl;Lkhd tupAk;tupr; nrytpd fzpg;gPl;L Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf
fUj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.
C) jhgd tupapid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l ,yhgf; nfhLg;gdtpw;nfjpuhf
nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzj;jpidj; jPu;j;Jitf;f KbAk; vd;gjdhYk;
,t;tupf; nfhLg;gdTk; ,jpy; cs;slf;fg;gltpy;iy.
v) murhq;fj;jpdhy; toq;fg;gl;l ,ytr Nritfs; kPjhd tupr; nrytpdKk;
fUj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy.
V) fzpg;gPLfs; 2017 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd nka;; kw;Wk; kjpg;gplg;gl;l juTfisAk;>
2018 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd kjpg;gPl;Lj; juTfisAk; kw;Wk; 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhd
nghUshjhu vjpu;T $wy;fisAk;; mbg;gilahff; nfhz;like;Js;sd.
I) tupr; nrytpdnkd fUjg;glhJ gpd;tUk; ml;ltizfspy;
tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;s tup tPjq;fs;> tup Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs;> tpyf;fspg;Gf;fs;>
jifikngWfpd;w tpyf;fspg;G kw;Wk; Nja;khdf; nfhLg;gdT vd;gtw;wpid
cs;ehl;L ,iwtupr; rl;lk; cs;slf;fpAs;sJ. Fwpj;j ml;ltizfspypUe;jhd
VNjDk; tpyfy;fs; tupr; nrytpdkhff; fUjg;gLfpd;wJ.
i. 1Mk; ml;ltiz = tup tPjq;fs;
ii. 2Mk; ml;ltiz = KjyPl;L Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs;
iii. 3Mk; ml;ltiz = tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l njhiffs;
iv. 4Mk; ml;ltiz = %yjdf;nfhLg;gdTfs;> rkr;rPuhf;fy;
mDkjpg;Gfs; kw;Wk; tup
kjpg;gplw;ghyhd tpjpg;gdTfs;
v. 5Mk; ml;ltiz = jifikf; nfhLg;gdTfs;> epthuzq;fs;
NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;l ml;ltizfspypUe;jhd tpyfy;fs; cs;ehl;L ,iwtupr;
rl;lj;jpd; 6 MtJ ml;ltizapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sNjhL> mjw;fika>
mj;jifa tpyfy;fs; tUkhd tupf;fhd tupr; nrytpdk; vdTk;
fUj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ.

38
tupr; nrytpdk;

m) tUkhd thp
Gjpa cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lj;jpd; MwhtJ cg ml;ltiz %yk; gpd;tUk tupr;
rYiffs; tiuaWf;fg;gl;l fhyj;jpw;F toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,r;rYiffs; tUkhd
tupr; nrythff; fUjg;gLfpd;wd.
i. tup kjpg;gPl;lhz;nlhd;wpd; NghJ Nja;khdj;jpw;Fl;glw;ghyjhd nrhj;Jf;fspd;
(fl;Gydh nrhj;J my;yhj) Nky; If;fpa mnkhpf;f nlhyH 3 kpy;ypad;
tiuapyhd Gjpa KjyPLfSf;F> 2018 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp
Kjy; %d;W (3) tup kjpg;gPl;lhz;LfSf;fhf mjpfupj;j Nja;khdf;
nfhLg;gdnthd;W toq;fg;gLfpd;wJ. 100% Nja;khd mDkjpg;nghd;W> tl
khfhzk; jtpu;e;j ,yq;ifapd; VnjDnkhU ghfj;jpw;Fk;> 200 rjtPj Nja;khd
mDkjpg;nghd;W tl khfhzj;jpw;Fk; Nja;khdj;jpw;Fw;glw;ghyjhd
nrhj;Jf;fs; gad;gLj;jg;gLkplj;J toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

ii. ,yhgj;jpw;F gq;fspg;Gr; nra;Ak; MAs; fhg;GWjp g+l;ifahsHfSf;F


gfpug;gLk; Nkyjpf epjp njhlHgpy; 2018 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Me;
jpfjp Kjy; %d;W (3) tup kjpg;gPl;lhz;LfSf;fhf 50 % tupr; rYif
toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

iii. jfty; njhopy;El;gtpaw; Nritfis toq;Ffpd;w tpahghuk; mjd;;


Copau;fspdJ tup tpjpf;fg;glj;jf;fjhd tUkhdj;jpd; kPJ nrYj;jg;gl;l
nkhj;jj; njhifapd; 35% ,w;F rkkhd njhifapid Nkyjpf
fopg;gdnthd;Wf;F cupik NfhUtjw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

iv. 2018 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Me; jpfjpapypUe;J Muk;gpf;fpd;w %d;W tup
kjpg;gPl;lhz;LfSf;fhf tup tpjpf;fj;jf;f tUkhdj;jpidf; fzpf;Fk; NghJ
Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp nryTfspd; nkhj;jj; njhifapy; 100%
Nkyjpf fopg;gdnthd;wpw;F mDkjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

v. ,yq;ifapYs;s ru;tNjr tiyaikg;gpy; jiyikaYtyfj;Jf;F my;yJ


epWtdq;fspd; gpuhe;jpaj; jiyikaYtyfq;fSf;F kPsiktplk; mspg;gjd;
%yk; 2018 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; %d;W tup
kjpg;gPl;lhz;LfSf;fhf 100% tup tpyf;fspg;G toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

vi. Gjpg;gpf;fg;glw;ghyhd tsq;fisg; gad;gLj;jp gpwg;gpf;fg;gl;l kpd;rhuj;ij


toq;Ftjw;F ,yq;if kpd;rhu rigAld; kpd;rf;jp nfhs;tdT cld;gbf;if
xd;iwr; nra;Jnfhz;Ls;s vtNuDk; MnshUtUf;F my;yJ
tpahgunkhd;Wf;F 2018 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy;
%d;W tup kjpg;gPl;lhz;LfSf;fhf 50 rjtPj thpr;rYif toq;fg;gLfpwJ.

MwhtJ ml;ltizapd; fPo; tUkhd thp kPjhd thpr; nrytpdk; gw;wpa tpguk;
gpd;tUk; ml;ltiz I ,y; tpgupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.

39
ml;ltiz I : tUkhd tup kPjhd tupr; nrytpdk; - 2019
&gh.kpy;
Gus;T kjpg;gplg;gl;l kjpg;gplg;gl;l
tup tpjpf;fj; tupr;
(kjpg;gPL) jf;f ,yhgk; nrytpdk;
MAl;; fhg;GWjp 138,000 20,000 2,800
jfty; njhopy;El;g tpahghuk; 20,000 2,200 200
GJg;gpf;fjf;f kpd;tY 45,000 2,250 315
Muha;r;rp kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp - - -
If;fpa mnkhpf;f nlhyH 3 kpy;ypaDf;F
Fiwthd Gjpa KjyPLfs; - - -
rHtNjr jiyikafq;fis
kPsiktplg;gLj;jy; - - -
nkhj;jk; 203,000 24,450 3,315
nkh. c. cw;gj;jp % ,y;; thpr; nrytpdk; 0.02%
%yk; : murpiwf; nfhs;ifj; jpizf;fsk;

(M) ngWkjp NrH thp


jpUj;jg;gl;lthwhd 2002k; Mz;bd; 14k; ,yf;f> ngWkjp NrH thpr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; ngWkjp
NrH thpahdJ 15% ,y; tpjpf;fg;gLfpwJ. ngWkjp NrH thpapy; ,Ue;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gl;l
nghUl;fs;> tpNrl tpahghug; gz;l mwtPL kw;Wk; cw;gj;jp tpNrl (Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk;
vd;gdtw;wpy; fPo; tUfpd;w nghUl;fs; kPJk; ngWkjp tupf;Fg; gjpyhf Nkw;Fwpj;j
tupfSk; mwtplg;gLtjd; fhuzkhf tupr; nrytpdj;jpidf; fzpf;Fk; NghJ NkNy
Fwpg;gplg;gl;l tupfSk; ftdj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gLtjpy;iy. tq;fpfs; kw;Wk; epjpj;Jiw vd;gdTk;
mtw;wpd; epjpr; Nritfs; kPjhd ngWkjpNru; tupg; nghWg;Glik fhuzkhf ,r;nrytpdj;jpy;
fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy. ngWkjp NrH thp kPjhd thpr; nrytpdj;jpd; tpguk; ml;ltiz
II ,y; tpgupf;fg;gl;ls;sJ.

40
ml;ltiz II: ngWkjpNru; tup – tupr; nrytpd kjpg;gPLfs; - 2019
&gh.kpy;
tup tpjpf;fj;jf;f
ngWkjp tupr; nrytpd kjpg;gPL
tplak;
(mbg;gilahz;L
-2017 2018 2019
cs;ehL 452,000 73,021 79,375
kpd;rhuk; 223,000 36,026 39,161
tptrhak; 89,000 14,378 15,629
Nghf;Ftuj;J 66,000 10,662 11,590
Rfhjhu tpyf;fspg;Gr; Nritfs; 30,000 4,847 5,268
fy;tp 22,000 3,554 3,863
czT jahupg;G 22,000 3,554 3,863
,wf;Fkjpfs; 817,600 132,083 142,914
ngw;Nwhypag; nghUl;fs; / 315,000 50,888 55,061
vupnghUs;
krF vz;nza; 100,000 16,155 17,480
tpiykjpf;fj;jf;f cNyhfq;fs; 100,000 16,155 17,480
tptrhak;/ ghy;
72,000 11,632 12,585
nghUl;fs;/kUj;Jtk;/ fl;llg; nghwp
Ehy;/ Jzp 68,000 10,985 11,886
kUe;Jg;nghUl;fs; 66,000 10,662 11,537
NfhJikjhdpak; 36,000 5,816 6,293
cuk; 16,000 2,585 2,797
l;uf;lHfs; 10,000 1,616 1,748
fzdp/ mr;rbf;fg;gl;l Gj;jfq;fs; 3,000 485 524
tptrhak; /ePu;tho; capupdtpijfs; 1,300 210 227
Foe;ijg; ghy;kh 1,300 210 227
Vidait 29,000 4,685 5,069

nkhj;jk;
1,269,600 205,104 222,289
nkh.c.c% tPjj;jpy; thpr; nryT 1.43% 1.41%

41
gpd;dpizg;G - VIII

muRlikj; njhopy;Kaw;rpfspd; tu;j;jfky;yhf; flg;ghLfspd; kjpg;gplg;gl;l


nrytpdk;
nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; Nritfis mtw;wpd; cw;gj;jpr; nrytpdj;jpidtplTk; Fiwe;j
tpiyapy; ,Wjp Efu;NthUf;F toq;Ftjw;fhd Vw;ghl;bid tu;jfky;yhf; flg;ghL
vd tiuaiw nra;ayhk;. ,yq;ifg; ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdk; kw;Wk; ,yq;if
kpd;rhu rig vd;gd jkJ rpycw;gj;jpfs; kw;Wk; Nritfis murhq;fj;jpdhy;
tpjpf;fg;gl;l khdpa tpiyfspy; tpw;gid nra;fpd;wd. ey;yhl;rpf; nfhs;iffs;>
ntspg;gilj; jd;ik mt;thNw> ru;tNjr uPjpahfg; gpd;gw;wg;gLk; rpwe;j eilKiwfs;
vd;gdtw;wpidf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L> murhq;fk; mj;jifa njhopy; Kaw;rpfSf;fhd
tu;j;jfky;yh flg;ghLfis milahsq; fhz;gjw;Fk;> murhq;fj;jpdhy;
cWjpaspf;fg;gl;l nrytpdj;jpd; ghfkhf mj;jifa flg;ghLfis Njrpa
tuTnryTj; jpl;lj;jpy; xUq;fpize;j gFjpnahd;whf;; rku;g;gpg;gjw;Fk; eltbf;if
vLj;Js;sJ.

mjw;fika> ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypa $l;Lj; jhgdj; jhgd; kw;Wk; ,yq;if kpd;rhu


rig vd;gdtw;wpd; 2018 Mk; Mz;LfSf;fhd tu;j;jfky;yhj flg;ghLfs; kw;Wk;
2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf vjpu;T $wg;gl;l juTfs; vd;gd KiwNa ml;ltiz I kw;Wk;
ml;ltiz III ,y; tpgupf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. 2018 Mk; Mz;L jpnrk;gu; khjk; 31 Mk;
jpfjpAld; Kbtile;j Mz;Lf;fhf ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; tupf;F
Kd;duhd Njwpa el;lk; &gh 104>134 kpy;ypadhf mwpf;ifaplg;gl;lNjhL> 2019 Mk;
Mz;Lf;fhf ,yq;if ngw;nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdj;jpd; Njwpa el;lk; &gh 18>946
kpy;ypahff; fhzg;gLnkdTk; mDkhdq;fis mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L vjpu;T
$wg;gLfpd;wJ.

mjw;fika> ,yq;if kpd;rhu rig Njwpa el;lkhf &gh 25>044 kpy;ypadpid


gjpTnra;Js;sNjhL> 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf> &gh 87>075 kpy;ypadhff;
fhzg;gLnkdTk; vjpu;T $wg;gLfpd;wJ.

NkNy Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s tu;j;jfky;yhf; flg;ghLfisf; fzpg;gjw;fhf gpd;tUtd


mDkhdq;fshf; nfhs;sg;gl;Ls;sd:

 2019 Mk; Mz;Lf;fhf vjpu;T $wg;gl;l Gs;sptpguq;fs; ru;tNjr


re;ijapy; vz;nza; gpg;gha; xd;wpd; tpiy I.m.nlh. 97.28 Mf
mikag; ngWk; vd;w mDkhdj;jpid mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lit.
 cs;ehl;Lr; re;ijf; Nfs;tpg; Nghf;F fle;jfhy Nghf;FfspypUe;J
ghupastpy; khw;wKuhJ fhzg;gLk;.
 me;epar; nryhtzp ,og;gpid mDkhdkhff; nfhz;like;j vjpu;T
$wg;gl;l njhlu;gpyhd Gs;sptpguq;fs; 2019 Mk; Mz;bd; NghJ
Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

42
(m) ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdk;

ml;ltiz I : tUkhdf; $w;W - ,yq;if ngw;Nwhypaf; $l;Lj;jhgdk;


&gh.kpy;.

2019
tpguk; 2018 (jw;fhypf)
tuT nryT
Njwpa tUkhdk; 521,519 805,734
tpw;gidr; nryT (523,982) (790,114)
nkhj;j ,yhgk; (2,464) 15,620
Vida tUkhdk; 764 440
tpw;gid kw;Wk; tpepNahf nryTfs; (14,486) (19,207)
epu;thfnrytpdq;fs; (6,029) (6,274)
njhopw;ghl;L ,yhgq;fs; (22,214) (9,421)
me;epar; nryhtzp tPj khw;wk; (82,719) (8,331)
epjp tUkhdk; 12,904 10,355
epjpr; nryT (12,106) (11,549)
tupf;FKd; Njwpa ,yhgk; (104,134) (18,946)

%yk;: nghJ njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; jpizf;fsk;

ml;ltiz II: cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fs; mbg;gilapy; ,yhgk;

me;epar; Njwpa tUlhe;j


ruhrup njhopw;ghl;L epjr;
nghUs; nryhtzp ,yhgk;/(e ,yhgk;/
tpw;gidtpiy ,yhgk;/(el;lk;) nrytpdk;
,og;G l;lk;) (el;lk;)
yPw;wu;/&gh yPw;wu;/&gh yPw;wu;/&gh yPw;wu;/&gh yPw;wu;/&gh &gh.kpy;.

ngw;Nwhy;-92 172.63 2.06 1.96 1.62 (1.53) (2,378)


ngw;Nwhy;-95 182.69 (0.64) 2.14 1.77 (4.55) (1,234)
xNlhBry; 153.53 1.57 1.93 1.59 (1.96) (4,322)
Rgu; Bry; 161.73 (1.09) 2.06 1.70 (4.85) (503)
vg; -vz;nza; 92.00 (5.56) 1.40 1.16 (8.12) (4,741)
vg; - vz;nza; 96.00 (12.16) 1.54 1.27 (14.97) (3,940)
Fiwe;j ry;gu;
n[l; V -1 137.24 10.13 1.83 - 8.30 6,751
ifj;njhopw;Wiw
110.00 (16.20) 1.81 1.50 (19.51) (143)
kz;nzz;nza;
kz;nzz;nza; 70.00 (58.36) 1.81 1.50 (61.67) (14,501)

%yk;: nghJ njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; jpizf;fsk;

43
(M) ,yq;if kpd;rhu rig

ml;ltiz III : tUkhdf; $w;W - ,yq;if kpd;rhu rig


&gh.kpy;

tpguk; kjpg;gPL tuTnryT


2018 2019
tUkhdk; 229,354 242,165
tpw;gidnra;ag;gl;lmyFfspd; vz;.( kpy;ypad; myFfs;) 14,095 14,948
mynfhd;wpw;fhdtUkhdk; &gh 16.27 16.00

vuprf;jpnrytpdk; 165,264 221,453

Vida Neubr; nrytpdk; 87,704 100,655


njhopw;ghl;L ,yhgk; (23,614) (79,943)

Vida tUkhdk; 10,100 11,964


tl;bf;FKd;duhdNjwpa ,yhgk; (13,514) (67,979)

epjpmwtPLfs; 11,530 19,096

Njwpa ,yhgk; (25,044) (87,075)


%yk;: nghJ njhopy; Kaw;rpfs; jpizf;fsk;

44
gpd;dpizg;G - IX
njhopy;El;gf; Fwpg;Gf;fs;
gFjp I – murpiw tUkhd Kd;nkhopTfs;
1. tUkhd thp (2017 Mk; Mz;bd; 24 Mk; ,yf;f> cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;ljjpw;fhd
jpUj;jq;fs;)

1.1 tpyf;fspg;Gf;fs;
1.1.1 cs;ehl;L kw;Wk; ntspehl;L ehza myfpy; VNjDk; murpiwik
KwpapypUe;J vtNuDk; tjpahNjhupdhy; ciof;fg;gl;l tUkhdq;fs;
tup tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.

1.1.2 ,yq;if mgptpUj;jp Kwpfs; cs;slq;fyhf ntspehl;L ehza


myfpy; murpiwik Kwpfs; kPJ vtNuDk; tjpNthh; XUtupdhy;
ciof;fg;gl;l tl;b tUkhd tup tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.

1.1.3 tjpahNjhh; ehza myFf; fzf;Ffs; (NRFC) kw;Wk; tjpNthh;


ntspehl;L ehza myFf; fzf;Ffs; (RFC) %yk; vtN;uDk;
MnshUthpdhy; ciof;fg;gl;l tl;b tUkhdk; kPJ Ie;J (05)
tUlq;fSf;F tup tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.

1.1.4 epjp epWtdnkhd;wpy; VNjDk; tq;fp itg;Gf; fzf;F njhlh;gpy;> 18


taJf;F Fiwe;j rpWth;fspdhy;> ciof;fg;gl;l tl;b tUkhdk;
njhlu;gpy; khjhe;jk; &gh 5>000 tiuapy;> tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.

1.1.5 vtNuDk; tjpahNjhupdhy; ,yq;ifapYs;s xUtUf;F toq;fg;gl;l


fld;fs; kPJ mj;jifa egUf;fhf fld;fis jpUg;gpr; nrYj;Jk;
NghJ nrYj;jg;gl;l tl;bf;F tup tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;>
,t;tpyf;fspg;ghdJ tjpty;yhf; fk;gdpnahd;wpdhy; ,yq;ifapYs;s
mjd; chpikf; fk;gdpf;F my;yJ Jizf; fk;gdpnahd;Wf;F
toq;fg;gl;l fld;fSf;F Vw;GlikahfhJ.

1.2 gpbj;Jitj;jy; thp (WHT)


1.2.1 xU thp kjpg;gPl;lhz;Lf;F cau;e;j gl;rk; &gh.500>000 vd;w
mbg;gilapy; vtNuDk; tjpNthUf;fhf khjnkhd;Wf;F nrYj;jg;gl;l
&gh 50>000 ,w;F Nkw;glhj Ntj;Jhpikf; nfhLg;gdTfs; gpbj;J
itj;jy; thpapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.
1.2.2 xU thp kjpg;gPl;lhz;Lf;F &gh 500>000 vd;w mbg;gilapy; vtNuDk;
tjpNthUf;fhf khjnkhd;Wf;F nrYj;jg;gl;l &gh 50>000 ,w;F
Nkw;glhj thlifg;; nfhLg;gdT gpbj;J itj;jy; thpapypUe;J
tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;.

1.3 jfty; njhopy;El;g Jiwf;fhd Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs;

jfty; njhopy;El;g tpahghuj;jpypUe;J tUkhdj;jpidf; fzpg;gpLk; NghJ


rk;gs nrytpdj;jpd; 35 rjtPjj;jpw;F rkkhd Nkyjpf fopg;gdnthd;wpidg;
ngw;Wf; nfhs;tjw;F jifik ngWtjw;fhf Mff; Fiwe;jJ 50
Copah;fshtJ me;epWtdj;jpy; ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk; vd;w Njitg;ghL
ePf;fg;gLk;.

45
1.4 eilKiwapYs;s tpahghuq;fSf;fhd KjyPl;L Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs;

eilKiwapYs;s tpahguq;fs; kPJ Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; Gjpa KjyPLfSf;F


toikahd ngUkhdj; Njitf;F khw;wkhf Jupjg;gLj;jg;gl;l ngUkhdj;
Nja;T mDkjpf;fg;gLtjd; %yk; tupr; rYif toq;fg;gLk;.

1.4 nkhj;j tUkhdj;jpw;fhd tiutpyf;fzk;


Kjyhk; ml;ltizapy; 4 Mk; ge;jpapy; (3) Mk; cg ge;jpapd; (3) cg
ge;jpapd; (iii) Mk; cg gphptpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s 'nkhj;j tUkhdk;" MdJ
KjyPl;L tUkhdk; ePqf ; yhf nkhj;j tUkhdk; vdf; fUjg;gLk;. 14 rjtPj
thpr;rYifahdJ rYif thpapidg; ngWtjw;F jFjp ngWfpd;w
nraw;ghnlhd;wpypUe;jhd tUkhdj;jpd; kPJ khj;jpuNk Vw;Glikahf;fg;gLk;.
KjyPl;L tUkhdk; kPJ 28 rjtPjj;jpy; thp nghWg;Glikahf;fg;gLk;.

2. ngWkjpNrh; thp (2002 Mk; Mz;bd; 14 Mk; ,yf;f> ngWkjp Nrh; thpf;fhd
jpUj;jq;fs;)

2.1 Vw;Wkjpapid Nehf;fhff; nfhz;Ls;s KjyPl;Lr; rigf; fk;gdpfspdhy;; xU


rpy ijf;fg;gl;l Milfis cs;ehl;by; tpw;gid nra;tjd; Nghpy;
Vw;Glikahd ngWkjpNrh; thp tPjk; &gh 75/- ,ypUe;J &gh 100/- ,w;F
jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

2.2 “cs;ehl;by; cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gl;l mhprp cw;gj;jpfs;" vd;w thrfk;; njspT


kw;Wk; epr;rapj;jjd;ik Nghd;w Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf kPs;
tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gLk;.

2.3 2019 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjj;jpw;F Kd;dh; cld;gbf;if ifr;rhj;jplg;glhj


$l;lhjd tPl;L myFfis tpw;gid nra;tjd; Ngupy; tpjpf;fg;gl;l
ngWkjpNrh; thpahdJ 2019 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy;
gad;tYg; ngWk;.

2.4 murpiwg; ghJfhg;gpidf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L> mikr;rhpdhy; jPh;khdpf;fg;gl;l xU


rpy nghUl;fs; kPjhd ngWkjpNrh; thpapid mwtPL nra;tjw;fhd
mbg;gilapid tpjpj;Jiug;gjw;F mikr;rUf;F trjpaspf;Fk; tifapy;
ngWkjp Nrh; thpr; rl;lj;jpy; Vw;ghLfs; $l;bizf;fg;gLk;.
2.5 kUe;jhf;fYf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; ,ae;jpu rhjdq;fs; ngWkjpNru; thp
Nehf;fj;jpw;fhf kPs tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gLk;.
3. Njr fl;Lkhd thp (2009 Mk; Mz;bd; 9 Mk; ,yf;f> Njr fl;Lkhd thpf;fhd
jpUj;jk;)

3.1 gl;il jPl;b kPs; Vw;Wkjp Nehf;fpy; ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gLk; gl;iljPl;lg;glhj


,uj;jpdf; fw;fs; kPjhd tpyf;fspg;ghdJ Njrpa ,uj;jpdf;fy; kw;Wk; Mguz
mjpfhu rigapd; fPo; gjpT nra;Js;s ,uj;jpdf;fy; gl;iljPl;Lk; Nrit
toq;Feu;fSf;F kl;Lk; toq;fg;gLk;.

3.2 rpfnul; cw;gj;jp kPjhd tpyf;fspg;G ePf;fg;gLk;.

3.3 cl;fl;likg;G fUj;jpl;lq;fspd; fpuakhdJ gpujhd epu;khz xg;ge;jf;fhuh;


kPjhd Njr fl;Lkhd thpapid ePf;Ftjd; %yk; Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

3.4 ,yq;iff;F ntspapYs;s Nrit toq;Feh;fsplkpUe;J ,yj;jpudpay; epjp


ghpkhw;w ml;ilfisg; gad;gLj;j (fld; kw;Wk; gw;W ml;ilfs;) nfhs;tdT
nra;j nghUl;fs; my;yJ Nritfs; kPJ fl;;lzq;fisr; nrYj;Jtjd; Nghpy;
3.5 rjtPjj;jpy; Njr fl;Lkhd thp tpjpf;fg;gLk;.

3.5 ntspehl;L ehza myFfspy; nfhLg;gdTfis ngw;Wf; nfhs;fpd;w gpuahz


Kftu; epUtdq;fs;> Rw;Wyh Kfhikj;Jt epUtdq;fs; kw;Wk; N`hl;ly;

46
Nritfis toq;Ffpd;wtu;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fhzg;gLfpd;w Njr fl;Lkhd tup
Vw;wj;jho;Tfs; ePf;fg;gLk;.

4. nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk; (2006 Mk; Mz;bd; 13 Mk; ,yf;f> nghUshjhu


Nritf; fl;lzj;jpw;fhd jpUj;jq;fs;)

4.1 “tpepNahfj;jh;”; vd;w gjj;jpw;fhd tiutpyf;fzj;jpid jpUj;Jjy;

,yq;ifapy; vitNaDk; gz;lq;fis ,wf;Fkjp nra;Ak; ,wf;Fkjpahsh;


xUthpdhy; mj;jifa gz;lq;fis nkhj;j tpw;gidr; re;ijapy; tpw;gid
nra;tjw;fhf mj;jifa ,wf;Fkjpahshpdhy; epakpf;fg;gl;l vtNuDk; Ms;
my;yJ VNjDk; gq;fhz;ik vd 'tpepNahfj;jh;" vd;w gjkhf
tiutpyf;fzg;gLj;jg;gLk;.

4.2 Vw;Wkjp kPJ Vw;Gilajhd nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lz tPjj;jpidj;


jpUj;Jjy;

nghUl;fs; my;yJ Nritfs; Vw;WkjpapypUe;jhd Gus;tpd; kPJ Vw;Glikahd


nghUshjhu Nritf;fl;lzk; E}w;Wf;F 0.25 rjtPjkhFk;.

4.3 xU rpy nghUl;fs; kw;Wk; gz;lq;fs; ,wf;Fkjpapd; kPJ Vw;Gilajhd


nghUshjhu Nritf;fl;lzj;jpidj; jpUj;Jjy;

4.3.1 ehl;bd; nghUshjhu eyd; fUj;jpw;nfhs;sg;gl;L> epjp mikr;rhpdhy;


tpjpj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lthW VNjDk; %yjdg; gz;lq;fs;; jtph;e;j
NtNwNjDk; nghUl;fs; my;yJ gz;lq;fspd; ,wf;Fkjpapd; Nghpy; 0.5
rjtPjj;jpy; nghUshjhur; Nritf; fl;lzk; mwtplg;gLk;.

4.3.2 VNjDk; nghUl;fs; my;yJ gz;lq;fs; ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd


nghUshjhu Nritf;fl;lz mbg;gilapyhdJ Rq;fj;jpizf;fs
gzpg;ghsh; ehafj;jpdhy; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;lthW fpua> fhg;GWjp> Nfs;T
(CIF) ngWkjpapd; jpul;ba ngWkjpahfTk;; mj;jifa nghUl;fs;
my;yJ gz;lq;fspd; njhifahf nrYj;j Ntz;ba Rq;f ,wf;Fkjp
jPh;it> nr]; thp> JiwKf tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL kw;Wk;
tpNrl tpahghug; gz;l mwtPL vd;gdTk; ,jw;fika
jPh;khdpf;fg;gLk;.

5. kJthpf; fl;lisr;; rl;lj;jpd; fPohd kJthpj; jPh;it

5.1 kJthpj; jPh;it tPjq;fisj; jpUj;Jjy;


5.1.1 kJrhuj;jpd; (mw;fN`hy;) nfhs;ssit mbg;gilahff; nfhz;l
kJthpj; jPh;itahdJ gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;

tif tPjk; (mw;fN`hy; yPw;wh;


xd;Wf;F &gh)
tpNrl rhuhak; khw;wkpy;iy
Vida rhuhak; 3,550/-
ntspehl;L kJghdk; 3,550/-
gpah; 5 rjtPjj;jpw;F FiwthdJ 2,700/-
gpah; 5 rjtPjj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;lJ 2,700/-
cs;ehl;L jhtu %yg; nghUl;fs; 600/-
itd; - Vida 2,700/-
,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l kJghdj;jpd; kJthpj; jPh;itahdJ
gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;

47
5.1.2
i. gpau; (khT+uy;) - njhif yPww
; h; xd;Wf;F &gh 55/-
ii. itd; - njhif yPww
; h; xd;Wf;F &gh 110/-
iii. Vida kJghdk; - njhif yPww
; h; xd;Wf;F &gh 215/-

6. cw;gj;jp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk;

6.1 jPh;itapidj; jpUj;Jjy;


6.1.1 rpfnul;Lfs;

rpfnul; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;itahdJ 12 rjtPjj;jpdhy;


gpd;tUkhW mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
i. 60 – 67 kp.kP - 1000 $WfSf;F &gh 19,500/-
ii. 67 – 72 kp.kP - 1000 $WfSf;F &gh 23,000/-
iii. 72 – 84 kp.kP - 1000 $WfSf;F &gh 37,580/-
iv. >84 kp.kP - 1000 $WfSf;F &gh 42>00/-

6.1.2 Rita+l;lg;gl;l Fbghdq;fs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it


i. Fbghdq;fspy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;s rPdpapd; tpyf;fspg;G
vy;iyahdJ gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;;
(m) fhgNdw;wg;gl;l - 100 kp.yPw;wUf;F 4 fpuhk;
Fbghdq;fs;
(M) goq;fis - 100 kp.yPw;wUf;F 8 fpuhk;
mbg;gilahff;
nfhz;Ls;s
Fbghdq;fs;

ii. tpyf;fspg;G vy;iyapid tpQ;Rk; rPdpapd; fpuhk; xd;wpw;F 40


rjj;jhy; cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

6.1.3 ghk; vz;nza;f; nfhOg;gkpyq;fs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPH;itahdJ


gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;;
i. ghk; vz;nza;f; - 20%
nfhOg;gkpyq;fs;
ii. nlyt; vz;nza;f; - 20%
nfhOg;gkpyq;fs;
6.1.4 Fsph;rhjdg; ngl;bfs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;itahdJ 25
rjtPjj;jpw;F jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;

6.1.5 ,ae;jpuj;Jld; mbr;rl;lfk; nghWj;jg;gl;lthW ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l


thfdq;fs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;itahdJ Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

6.1.6 Nkhl;lhh; thfdq;fs;

i. gpNuj tz;bfs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it rPuikf;fg;gLk;.

ii. ,ae;jpu tYj;jpwdpd; tpidj;jpwdpd; gpujpgyd;fisg;


gpujpgypf;Fk; tifapy; i`gphpl; kw;Wk; kpd;rhu thd;fs;
kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;it rPuikf;fg;gLk;.

48
iii. rpq;fpy; fg;]; thfdk; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPH;it rPuikf;fg;gLk;.
iv. 2000 fpNyh fpuhKf;Ff; Fiwe;j ruf;Ff; nfhs;ssitf;
nfhz;l rpwpa nyhupfs; () kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPu;it
Fiwf;fg;gLk;.
iv. gazpfs; thfdq;fs; kPjhd cw;gj;jpj; jPh;itj;
jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

(m) vhpnghUs;

,ae;jpuf; ngw;Nwhy; vhpnghUs; Bry;


nfhs;ssT (cm3 ,w;F &gh) vhpnghUs;
(cm3 ,w;F
&gh)
x ≤1000cm3 2,000 or 1,650,000* 4,600
1000cm3 < x ≤ 3,200 4,600
3
1300cm
1300cm3 < x ≤ 3,700 4,600
1500cm3
1500cm3 < x ≤ 4,250 5,750
1600cm3
1600cm3 < x ≤ 5,300 6,900
1800cm3
1800cm3 < x ≤ 6,350 8,000
2000cm3
* mynfhd;Wf;fhd jPh;it

((M) i`gphpl;

,ae;jpuf; nfhs;ssT ngw;Nwhy; Bry;


vhpnghUs; vhpnghUs;
(cm3 ,w;F (cm3 ,w F
&gh) gh)
x ≤1000cm3 1,500,000* 3,400
1000cm3 < x ≤ 1300cm3 2,300 3,400
1300cm3 < x ≤ 1500cm3 2,850 3,400
1500cm3 < x ≤ 1600cm3 4,000 4,600
1600cm3 < x ≤ 1800cm3 5,200 5 00
1800cm3 < x ≤ 2000cm3 5,700 6,900
* mynfhd;Wf;fhd jPh;it

(,) kpd;rhuk;

xU
xU tUlj;jpw;F
tUlj;jpw; Nkw;gl;lJ
,ae;jpuj;jpd; Nkhl;lhh;
F Mdhy; 3
tY
Nkw;glhj tUlq;fSf;
J F
Nkw;glhjJ
50kW < x ≤ 100kW 10,000 20,000

49
(<) Kr;rf;fu tz;bfs;
tif cm3 ,w;F
&gh
ngw;Nwhy; (cm3 ,w;F &gh) 2,400
Bry; (cm3 ,w;F &gh) 1,450
kpd;rhuk; (kW ,w;F &gh) 7,500
ruf;F tz;b - ngw;Nwhy; (cm3 ,w;F 500
&gh)
ruf;F tz;b – Bry; (cm3 ,w;F &gh) 375
ruf;F tz;b – kpd;rhuk; (kW ,w;F 7,500
&gh)
(
(c) Nkhl;lhh; irf;fps;fs;

,ae;jpuf; nfhs;ssT cm3 ,w;F


&gh
x ≤50cm3 575
50cm3 < x ≤ 150cm3 1,150
150cm3 < x ≤ 200cm3 1,150
200cm3 < x ≤ 250cm3 1,725
250cm3 < x ≤ 350cm3 1,725
350cm3 < x ≤ 450cm3 2,300
450cm3 < x ≤ 500cm3 2,300
500cm3 < x ≤ 800cm3 2,875
800cm3 < x ≤ 1000cm3 2,875
1000cm3 < x 3,450

7. ge;ja kw;Wk; #jhl;l mwtPL (1988 Mk; Mz;bd; 40 Mk; ,yf;f> ge;ja kw;Wk;
#jhl;l mwtPl;Lr; rl;lj;jpd; kPjhd jpUj;jq;fs;)

7.1 tUlhe;j mwtPl;bidj; jpUj;Jjy;

7.1.1 U[pNdh jtph;e;j #jhl;l tpahghuj;jpid elhj;Jtjw;fhd tUlhe;j


mwtPlhdJ &gh 400 kpy;ypaDf;F jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

7.1.2 U[pNdh tpisahl;bid elhj;Jtjw;fhd tUlhe;j mwtPlhdJ Ugh


xU kpy;ypaDf;F jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

7.2 frpNdh EioT mwtPl;bid jpUj;Jjy;


frpNdh EioT mwtPlhdJ egh; xUtUf;F I.m. nlhyh; 10 vd
jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.
7.3 nkhj;j jpul;bd; kPjhd mwtPl;bidj; jpUj;Jjy;
nkhj;j jpul;L kPjhd mwtPl;L tPjkhdJ 15 rjtPjj;jpw;F jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

8. epjpr;rl;lk;

8.1 fhgd; thp

50
th;j;jf Nehf;f thfdq;fs; kPJ nrYj;jj;jf;f mjp$ba fhgd; thpahdJ
gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.
vhpnghUs; 5 tUlq;fSf;F 05 Kjy; 10 10 tUlq;fSf;F
tif Nkw;glhjit tUlq;fs; Nkw;gl;lit
tiuapy;
i`gphpl; cm3 ,w;F .25 rjk; cm3 ,w;F .50 rjk; cm3 ,w;F &gh
(ngw;Nwhy;/Br my;yJ &gh 3>500 my;yJ &gh 5>500 1.00 my;yJ &gh
y;) ,g;ngWkjpapy; ,g;ngWkjpapy; 7>500 ,g;
Fiwe;j ngWkjp Fiwe;j ngWkjp ngWkjpapy;
Fiwe;j ngWkjp
vhpnghUs; cm3 ,w;F . &gh cm3 ,w;F &gh 1.00; cm3 ,w;F &gh
(ngw;Nwhy;/Br 50 rjk; my;yJ my;yJ &gh 5>500 1.50; my;yJ &gh
y;) &gh 3>500 ,g;ngWkjpapy; 7>500 ,g;
,g;ngWkjpapy; Fiwe;j ngWkjp ngWkjpapy;
Fiwe;j ngWkjp Fiwe;j ngWkjp

8.2 Nkhl;lhh; thfdq;fs; kPjhd nrhFR thp

i. tup tpyf;fspg;G vy;iyf;F Nkw;gLfpd;wthwhf fhg;GWjp> fpua> Nfs;Tg;


ngWkjp (CIF) my;yJ cw;gj;jpahsu; tpiyapd; ngaupy; nrhFR thfd
tup tpjpf;fg;gLfpwJ.

tPjk; (tupaw;w Kjy;epiyapy;


tupaw;w mjpfupf;fpd;w njhif kPJ
thfd tif Kjy;epiy Vw;Glikahf;fg;gLk;)
Bry; &gh 3.5 kpy; 120%

ngw;Nwhy; &gh 3.5 kpy; 100%


i`gpupl; Bry; &gh 4.0 kpy; 90%
i`gpupl;
ngw;Nwhy; &gh 4.0 kpy; 80%
kpd;rhuk; &gh 6.0 kpy; 60%

ii. ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l thfdk; njhlu;gpy; tup Kjy; epiyahdJ


mt;thfdj;jpd; fpua> fhg;GWjp> Nfs;Tg; ngWkjpahFk;. cs;ehl;by;
nghUj;jg;gl;l thfdq;fs; njhlh;gpy; Kd;ida njhopw;rhiyf; fpuak;
(cw;gj;jpahsh; tpiy) MFk;.
8.3 rh;tNjr njhiyj;njhlh;G ,af;Feh;fs; mwtPlhdJ ePf;fg;gLk;.

8.4 Gwg;gLif thpahdJ gpuahzp xUth; kPJ I.m.nlh.10 ,dhy;; I.m.nlh 60


Mf mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
9. Rq;f ,wf;Fkjpj; jPh;itapidj; jpUj;Jjy;

9.1 njhpT nra;ag;gl;l gz;lq;fs; kPjhd Rq;f ,wf;Fkjpj; jPh;it tPjkhdJ


jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;
9.2 Rq;f ,wf;Fkjpj; jPh;it mstPjkhdJ njhpT nra;ag;gl;l gz;l
,wf;Fkjpapd; Nghpy; 10 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
9.3 ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l go ghdq;fs; kPJ Vw;Gilajhd Rq;f ,wf;Fkjpj;
jPh;itahdJ 2019 a+d; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; gad;tYg; ngWk; tifapy;
jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

51
9.4 Rj;jpfhpf;fg;glhj <ijapy; mw;fN`hy; kPjhd Rq;fj;jPh;itahdJ yPww ; h;
xd;Wf;F &gh 1>000 Mf mikAk; tifapy; &gh 200 My; mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
10. nr]; jPh;it

10.1 gPb ,iy kPjhd nr]; jPh;itahdJ fp.fpuhk; xd;W &gh 3>500 tiuapy;
mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
10.2 gpd;tUk; ,.K FwpaPl;bd; fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;l gz;lq;fs; kPjhd nr];
thpj;jPh;itahdJ ePf;fg;gLk;.

0408.11.00 0802.32.00 0802.62.00 0810.20.00 0813.10.00

0408.91.00 0802.41.00 0802.70.00 0810.30.00 0813.20.00

0802.21.10 0802.42.00 0802.90.10 0810.40.00 0813.30.00

0802.22.00 0802.51.00 0802.90.90 0810.70.00 8418.21.10

0802.31.10 0802.52.00 0808.40.00 0812.10.00 8418.21.90

gpd;tUk; ,.K. FwpaPl;bd; fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;l gz;lq;fs; kPjhd nr];


10.3 thpahdJ jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

2106.90.50 3401.19.20 3920.63.99 3924.10.90 7217.90.10

2202.99.91 3920.51.91 3920.69.91 4011.10.90 8708.91.20

2202.99.99 3920.51.99 3920.69.99 6505.00.10 8708.91.90

3401.11.20 3920.63.11 3924.10.10 6505.00.90

11. JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL


11.1 Rw;Wyh Jiwapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;Fk; cs;ehl;Lf; ifj;njhopypd; Kw;gz
nrytpdj;jpidf; Fiwf;Fk; tifapYk; ,.K.FwpaPL 0.712.20.00> 0712.90.10
kw;Wk; 7801.10.00 vd;gdtw;wpd;fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; kPJ
JiwKf> tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPlhdJ 2.5 rjtPjj;jpdhy;
Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

11.2 ,.K.FwpaPl;L ,y.8464.10.00> 8464.20.00 kw;Wk; 8464.90.00 ,d; fPo;


tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s tplaq;fs; kPJ JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya
mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;bid ePf;Ftjd; %yk; ,uj;jpdf; fy; gl;il jPl;Lk;
JiwahdJ Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLk;.

11.3 ,g;gpd;dpizg;Gld; ml;ltizapy; Fwpg;gPL nra;ag;gl;Ls;s ,.K.FwpaPLfspd;


fPo; tifg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s cgfuzq;fs; kw;Wk; cah; njhopy;El;g
,ae;jpuq;fs; kPjhd JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPlhdJ
2.5 rjtPjj;jpw;F Fiwf;fg;gLk;.

52
11.4 Neub ,wf;Fkjpfs; kw;Wk; KjyPl;Lr; rig fk;gdpfspypUe;jhd nfhs;tdT
vd;gdtw;Wf;F ,ilapyhd NtWghl;bid ePf;Fk; tifapy; VNjDnkhU
KjyPl;Lr; rig fk;gdpnahd;wpdhy; jahhpf;fg;gl;l rpW glFfs; kw;Wk;
cy;yhr my;yJ fspg;g+l;Lk; fg;gy;fis kw;WnkhU KjyPl;Lr; rig
fk;gdpnahd;Wf;F mjd; tpahghuj;jpid tphpTgLj;Jtjw;fhf tpw;gid
nra;ag;gLifapy; JiwKf> tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL ePf;fg;gLk;.

12. rh;tNjr tpisahl;L Rw;Wyh Jiwapid Cf;Ftpg;gjw;F trjpaspg;gjw;fhf Nfh –


fhl; tpisahl;Lf;fhd thfdk; kw;Wk; Nfh - fhl; uah;fs; kPjhd Rq;f ,wf;fkjpj;
jPH;it kw;Wk; nr]; thp vd;gd ePf;fg;gLk;.

13. Rq;f jpizf;fsj;jpdhy; ghpKjy; nra;ag;gl;l ,wf;Fkjp nra;ag;gl;l gPb ,iyfs;


kPJ tpiy kD NfhUgthplkpUe;J Vy tpw;gid tpiyf;F Nkyjpfkhf mwtplj;jf;f
midj;J jPh;itfSk; mwtplg;gLk;;.

14. fhy;eilf; ifj;njhopypid Cf;Ftpf;Fk; tifapy; fhy; eil czTfshd


Y}f;Nfhd; (my;ghmy;gh) kw;Wk; ngyl;]; ,wf;Fkjp kPjhd JiwKf kw;Wk; tpkhd
epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPL kw;Wk; Njrf; fl;Lkhd thp vd;gd ePf;fg;gLk;.

15. ntspehl;Lf; nfhLg;gdTfs; kPJ Njrf; fl;Lkhd thp tpjpf;fg;gLtjd; fhuzkhf


ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;tdTf;fhf fld; ml;il ghtiz kPjhd Kj;jpiuj; jPh;itahdJ
ePf;fg;gLk;.

16. cs;ehl;Lg; ngWkjp Nrh;f;ifkPJ Vw;Gilajhd Njr fl;Lkhd thpf;Fg; gjpyhf ghk;
vz;nza; ,wf;Fkjp kPJ tpNrl tpahghug; gz;l mwtPL jpUj;jp mikf;fg;gLk;.

17. Vida fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; mwtPLfs;


17.1 fle;j 3 tUlq;fshf jpUj;jpaikf;fg;glhj epiyapYs;s mur epWtdq;fspd;
fl;lzq;fs; kw;Wk; mwtPLfs; 15 rjtPjj;jpdhy; mjpfhpf;fg;gLk;.
17.2 flTr;rPl;Lf; fl;lzq;fs; gpd;tUkhW jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;

i. jpUj;jf; fl;lzk; - myfpw;F &gh 1>000

ii. nrad;Kiwf;fl;lzk; (mtru) - myfpw;F &gh 15>>000

iii. nrad;Kiwf;fl;lzk; (rhjhuz) - myfpw;F &gh 3>500

17.3 jw;Nghija thfdg; gjpT ,yf;fj;jpypUe;J Kw;$l;ba thfdg; gjpT


,yf;fq;fis xJf;fpf; nfhs;tjw;fhd fl;lzk; gpd;tUkhW
jpUj;jpaikf;fg;gLk;.

fl;;lzk; (&gh) fpilg;gdthfTs;s ,yf;f


tiuaiw
70,000/- 10,000
90,000/- 20,000
100,000/- 30,000

17.4 MAl;fhy jdpg;gl;l thfdg; gjpT ,yf;fq;fs; &gh xU kpy;ypad; fl;lz


mbg;gilapy; tpepNahfpf;fg;gLk;.

53
17. njhopy;El;g jtWfis jpUj;jYk; kw;Wk; eph;thf Vw;ghLfSk;

2017 ,d; 24 Mk; ,yf;f cs;ehl;L ,iwthpr; rl;lk;> 2002 ,d; 14 Mk; ,yf;f
ngWkjp Nrh; thpr; rl;lk;> 2009 ,d; 9 Mk; ,yf;f Njr fl;Lkhd thpr;rl;lk;> 2006
,d; 13 Mk; ,yf;f nghUshjhu Nrit mwtPl;L thpr; rl;lk;> epjpr; rl;lk; kw;Wk;
epjp (jpUj;jr; rl;lq;fs;> 2010 ,d; 16 Mk; ,yf;f jtWif thp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;)
rl;lk;> 2011 ,d; 21 Mk; ,yf;f njhiyj;njhlh;G mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk;> 2011 ,d; 18 Mk;
,yf;f JiwKf> tpkhd epiya mgptpUj;jp mwtPl;Lr; rl;lk;> 2011 ,d; 23 Mk;
,yf;f> thp Nkd;KiwaP;l;L Mizf;FOr; rl;lk;> 1969 ,d; 1 Mk; ,yf;f ,wf;Fkjp
kw;Wk; Vw;Wkjp fl;Lg;ghl;Lr; rl;lk;> 2006 ,d; 12 Mk; ,yf;f Kj;jpiuj; jPh;it
tpNrl Vw;ghLfs; rl;lk;> 2014 ,d; 38 Mk; ,yf;f fhzp (ghuhjPdg;gLj;jy; kPjhd
kl;Lg;ghLfs;) rl;lk; Nghd;w rl;lq;fspd; njhlh;Gila Vw;ghLfspYs;s
njsptpd;ikfs; kw;Wk; vjph;ghuh tpisTfs; (nkhopngau;g;G NtWghLfs; cl;gl)
Kjypatw;iw rupnra;tjw;Fk; ,iwthp eph;thfj;ij rPuhf;Fk; Nehf;fpYk; mtrpakhd
jpUj;jq;fs; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;.

18. thp Kd;nkhopTfspd; gad;tYj; jpdq;fs;

NtW topfspy; Fwpg;gplg;glhtpbd; Kd;nkhopTfs; gpd;tUkhW nraw;gLj;jg;gLk;:-

(i) tUkhd thpj; jpUj;jq;fs; 2019 Mk; Mz;L Vg;uy; khjk; 1 Mk;
jpfjpapypUe;J Muk;gpf;fpd;w thp kjpg;gPl;lhz;bypUe;J gad;tYg;ngWk;
tifapy; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;.

(ii) ngWkjp Nrh; thp> Njr fl;Lkhd thp> nghUshjhu Nritf; fl;lzk; kw;Wk;
epjpr; rl;lj;jpw;fhd jpUj;jq;fs; 2019 Mk; Mz;L a+d; khjk; 1 Mk;
jpfjpapypUe;J gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy; mKy;gLj;jg;gLk;.

(iii) Rq;fj;jPh;it> cw;gj;jp (tpNrl Vw;ghLfs;) rl;lk; > kJthpf; fl;lisr; rl;lk;>
tpNrl tpahghu gz;l mwtPL> nr]; kw;Wk; JiwKf> tpkhd epiya
mgptpUj;jp mwtPL vd;gd cldbahf gad;tYg;ngWk;.

54
ml;ltiz 1
gFjp I- 2019 Mk; Mz;L A+d; khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy; gad;tYg;ngWgit

85011010 85042230 85071090 85163300 85287330 85359000 85423900

85013190 85042390 85072000 85167100 85287390 85391000 85429000

85013200 85043110 85073000 85167200 85301000 85392100 85432000

85013300 85043190 85074000 85167910 85308000 85392200 85437020

85013400 85043210 85075000 85168000 85309000 85392900 85437090

85014010 85043290 85076000 85169010 85311000 85393110 85439000

85014020 85043310 85078000 85169090 85312000 85393190 85452000

85014090 85043390 85079000 85255000 85318010 85393200 85459000

85015110 85043410 85141000 85256000 85318090 85393900 85461000

85015190 85043490 85142000 85261000 85319000 85394100 85462000

85015210 85044010 85143000 85269100 85321010 85394900 85469000

85015290 85044030 85144000 85269200 85321090 85395000 85471000

85015300 85045010 85149000 85271900 85322290 85399000 85472000

85022000 85045090 85151100 85272900 85322590 85401110 85479000

85023100 85049010 85152100 85279900 85322990 85401190 85481010

85023900 85049090 85152900 85284200 85323090 85401210 85481020

85030010 85051100 85153100 85284990 85329090 85401290 85489000

85030020 85051900 85153900 85285200 85332900 85407100

85030090 85052000 85158000 85285990 85334000 85408100

85041010 85059000 85159000 85286200 85340000 85408900

85041090 85061010 85161000 85286900 85351000 85412900

85042110 85061090 85162100 85287110 85352100 85413000

85042190 85065000 85162900 85287190 85352900 85423100

85042210 85068000 85163100 85287239 85353000 85423200

85042220 85069000 85163200 85287249 85354000 85423300

55
gFjp II- 2019 Mk; Mz;L nrj;njk;gu; khjk; 01 Mk; jpfjp Kjy;
gad;tYg;ngWgit
84021100 84122900 84199000 84264900 84389000 84561200 84642000

84021900 84123100 84209100 84269100 84392000 84562000 84649000

84022000 84123900 84209900 84269900 84393000 84563000 84651000

84031000 84128000 84211100 84271000 84399900 84564000 84652000

84039000 84129000 84211200 84279010 84401000 84565000 84659100

84041000 84141000 84211910 84279090 84411000 84569000 84659200

84042000 84142000 84211990 84282000 84412000 84571000 84659300

84049000 84144000 84212110 84283200 84413000 84573000 84659400

84051000 84145100 84212200 84283300 84414000 84581100 84659500

84059000 84145900 84212910 84283900 84418000 84581900 84659600

84068200 84146000 84212990 84284000 84419000 84589100 84659900

84069000 84161000 84213100 84286000 84423000 84589900 84661000

84071000 84162000 84213900 84289000 84425000 84592900 84662000

84072100 84163000 84219100 84291100 84433210 84594100 84663000

84072900 84169000 84219910 84291900 84433230 84595900 84669100

84073120 84181010 84219920 84292000 84433290 84596100 84669200

84073190 84182110 84219990 84294000 84433910 84596900 84669300

84073220 84182910 84221900 84301000 84433920 84597000 84669400

84073290 84182930 84229000 84303900 84433110 84602200 84671100

84073320 84182990 84241000 84306100 84433930 84602300 84671900

84073390 84183010 84242000 84306900 84433990 84602400 84672100

84073490 84183030 84243000 84311000 84439100 84602900 84672200

84079010 84183090 84244100 84312000 84439910 84603900 84672900

84079090 84184010 84244900 84313100 84439920 84609000 84678100

84081000 84184030 84248200 84313900 84484900 84615000 84678900

84082010 84184090 84248900 84314100 84485900 84619000 84679100

84082090 84185010 84249000 84314200 84490000 84621000 84679200

84089010 84186910 84251100 84314300 84531000 84622100 84679900

84089090 84186930 84251900 84329090 84532000 84622900 84682000

56
84099110 84186950 84253100 84331900 84538000 84623100 84688000

84099190 84186970 84253900 84335900 84539000 84623900 84689000

84101100 84189190 84254100 84339090 84542000 84624100 84702100

84101200 84191100 84254200 84351000 84543000 84624900 84702900

84101300 84191900 84254900 84362900 84549000 84629100 84705000

84109000 84192000 84261100 84369900 84551000 84629900 84709000

84111100 84193200 84261200 84379000 84552100 84631000 84713010

84111200 84193900 84261900 84382000 84552200 84632000 84714110

84112100 84195000 84262000 84383000 84553000 84633000 84714910

84119900 84196000 84263000 84384000 84559000 84639000 84715010

84122100 84198100 84264100 84385000 84561100 84641000 84716000

84718000 84789000 84802000 84818060 84834000

84719000 84791000 84803000 84819010 84835000

84721000 84792010 84804100 84819020 84836000

84723000 84792090 84804900 84819030 84839000

84732100 84793000 84805000 84819090 84841000

84732900 84794000 84806000 84821000 84842000

84733010 84795000 84807100 84822000 84849000

84734090 84796000 84811000 84823000 84861000

84735090 84797100 84812000 84824000 84862000

84752900 84797900 84813000 84825000 84863000

84759000 84798100 84814000 84828000 84864000

84762100 84798910 84818010 84829100 84869000

84762900 84798930 84818020 84829900 84871000

84768900 84798940 84818030 84831000 84879000

84769000 84799000 84818040 84832000

84781000 84801000 84818050 84833000

57
gFjp II – nrytpd Kd;nkhopTfs;

1. murJiw CopaHfspd; rk;gsj; jpUj;jq;fs;

1.1 2019 A+iy khjk; 01 Me;; jpfjp Kjy; midj;J murJiw Copah;fSf;Fk;;
&gh 2>500 khjhe;j ,ilf;fhyf; nfhLg;gdnthd;W toq;fg;gLk;.

1.2 31.12.2013 Me; jpfjpa 37/2013 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ epUthf Rw;WepUgj;jpd;gb
toq;fg;gl;l &gh 7>800 khjhe;j tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT
khw;wNkJkpd;wpj; njhlUk;.

1.3 ,J njhlh;ghd Rw;WepUgk; nghJ epUthf tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd


mikr;rpdhy; ntspaplg;gLk;.

1.4 murJiw mbg;gilr; rk;gs mjpfupg;G 2015-2020

khjnkhd;Wf;F &gh
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
gjtpepiy
rk;gsk; rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G rk;gsk; mjpfupg;G
mYtyf cjtpahsh; 11,730 14,234 2,504 16,738 5,008 19,242 7,512 21,746 10,016 24,250 12,520
Xl;Ldh; 12,470 15,134 2,664 17,798 5,328 20,462 7,992 23,126 10,656 25,790 13,320
Kfhikj;Jt cjtpahsh; 13,990 16,980 2,990 19,970 5,980 22,960 8,970 25,950 11,960 28,940 14,950
nghyp]; mYtyh; 14,280 17,332 3,052 20,384 6,104 23,436 9,156 26,488 12,208 29,540 15,260
njhopDl;g mYtyh; 14,425 17,508 3,083 20,591 6,166 23,674 9,249 26,757 12,332 29,840 15,415
kUj;Jt cjtpahsh; 15,080 18,302 3,222 21,524 6,444 24,746 9,666 27,968 12,888 31,190 16,110
mgptpUj;jp mYtyh; 15,215 18,470 3,255 21,725 6,510 24,980 9,765 28,235 13,020 31,490 16,275
jhjp 15,620 19,001 3,381 22,382 6,762 25,763 10,143 29,144 13,524 32,525 16,905
gl;ljhup Mrpupah; 16,100 19,540 3,440 22,980 6,880 26,420 10,320 29,860 13,760 33,300 17,200
epiwNtw;W mYtyh; 22,935 27,871 4,936 32,807 9,872 37,743 14,808 42,679 19,744 47,615 24,680
kUj;Jt mYtyh; 25,515 31,003 5,488 36,491 10,976 41,979 16,464 47,467 21,952 52,955 27,440
nrayhsh; 47,515 57,742 10,227 67,969 20,454 78,196 30,681 88,423 40,908 98,650 51,135

2. murJiw CopaHfspd; Xa;T+jpaf; nfhLg;gdT


2.1 25.02.2016 Me; jpfjpa 03/2016 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ epUthf Rw;WepUgj;jpd;
,uz;lhtJ fl;lkhf> 2019 Mk; Mz;L A+iy khjk; 01 Me;; jpfjp Kjy;
gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy;> 31.12.2016 Mk; jpfjpf;F Kd;dH Xa;Tngw;w mur
CopaHfspd; Xa;T+jpakhdJ> 01.01.2017 Me;; jpfjpa mbg;gilr; rk;gsj;jpd;
mbg;gilapy; fzf;fplg;gl;L toq;fg;gLk;.
2.2 03/2016 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ epUthf Rw;WepUgj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW
Gjpa rk;gsf; fl;likg;gpy; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sjhy; 05/2015 Mk; ,yf;f
nghJ epUthf Rw;WepUgj;jpd;gb toq;fg;gl;l &gh 3>500 khjhe;j ,ilf;fhy
nfhLg;gdthdJ toq;fg;glkhl;lhJ.
2.3 31.12.2013 Me; jpfjpa 37/2013 Mk; ,yf;f nghJ epUthf Rw;WepUgj;jpd;gb
toq;fg;gl;l &gh 3>625 khjhe;j tho;f;ifr; nryTf; nfhLg;gdT
khw;wNkJkpd;wpj; njhlUk;.
2.4 ,J njhlh;ghd Rw;WepUgk; nghJ epUthf tplaj;jpw;Fg; nghWg;ghd
mikr;rpdhy; ntspaplg;gLk;.

3. Kg;gilf; nfhLg;gdT
3.1 2019 A+iy khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy;
ed;dlj;ijf; nfhLg;gdT fPo;tUkhW toq;fg;gLk;:

58
gjf;fk; ehnshd;Wf;F &gh
k;
1 gjf;fk; 3.00
2k; gjf;fk; 6.00
3k; gjf;fk; 9.00
4k; gjf;fk; 15.00
5k; gjf;fk; 20.00

3.2 2019 rdtup khjj;jpy; toq;fg;gl;l thlif nfhLg;gdthdJ 2019 A+iy


khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy;; 100% ,dhy;
mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.

3.3 rPUil NgZif nfhLg;gdthdJ 2019 A+iy khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy;
gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy; fPo;tUkhW mjpfupf;fg;gLk;:

khjnkhd;Wf;F
&gh
tpguk; jw;Nghija Gjpa
tPjk; tPjk;
gpupNfbah; my;yJ rk gbepiy kw;Wk; mjw;F 255.00 600.00
Nky;
fh;zy; my;yJ rk gbepiy kw;Wk; mjw;F fPo; 255.00 525.00
Vida gbepiyfs; 170.00 350.00
* ,J ,yq;if tpkhdg;gil kw;Wk; flw;gilapdJk; rkhe;ju gb epiyfSf;Fk;
Vw;GilajhFk;

3.4 2019 A+iy khjk; 01 Me; jpfjp Kjy; gad;tYg;ngWk; tifapy; fkhz;Nlh
nfhLg;gdT khjhe;jk; &gh 1>000 ,ypUe;J &gh 5>000 Mf mjpfupf;fg;gLk;.

3.5 ,J njhlh;ghd Rw;WepUgk; Kfhikj;Jt Nritfs; jpizf;fsj;jpdhy;


ntspaplg;gLk;.

4. tuT nryTj;jpl;l ciuapYs;s Kd;nkhopTfSf;F xJf;fPLfisg; ngwy;

tuTnryTj;jpl;l ciuapy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;l xJf;fPLfisg; tpLtpg;gjw;F Kd;dh;>


Njrpa nfhs;iffs; kw;Wk; nghUshjhu mYty;fs; mikr;rpd; 10.01.2019 Me;
jpfjpa 02/2019 Mk; ,yf;f Rw;WepUgj;jpw;F mikthf> mt; ciuapy;
mwptpf;fg;gl;l ghupa %yjdf; fUj;jpl;lq;fs;> kjpg;gPL kw;Wk; mDkjpf;fhf
Njrpa jpl;lkply; jpizf;fsj;jpw;F rkh;g;gpf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.

59
gFjp III – tpsf;ff; Fwpg;Gf;fs;
(m) fk;ngwypa epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lk;
ml;liz : Jupj mgptpUj;jp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; gug;ngy;iy – 2019

tplag; gug;ngy;iy myF nrytpd vy;iy


vz;. (&gh.)
,y
rpwpa Fsq;fs; kw;Wk; mizf;fl;Lfs;
1 Gduikg;G 1,400 Fsnkhd;Wf;F &gh. 4 kpy;
2 ghijj; Jiw mgptpUj;jp

fpuhkpa ghijfs; 10,850 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 2 kpy;

efug; ghijfs; 1,500 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 2 kpy;

3 rpwpa ghyq;fs; epu;khzk; 150 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 3 kpy;


ghlrhiyfspd; Jg;guNtw;ghl;L trjpfis
4 Nkk;gLj;jy;

GJg;gpj;jy; / Nkk;gLj;jy; 4,000 ghlrhiynahd;Wf;F &gh. 100>000

Gjpa epu;khzk; 500 ghlrhiynahd;Wf;F &gh. 1 kpy;


5 tpisahl;L cl;fl;likg;G mgptpUj;jp
tpisahl;L ikjhdk; kw;Wk; njhlu;Gila
trjpfis Nkk;gLj;jy; 500 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 2 kpy;
Vida r%fg; nghUshjhu
6 cl;fl;likg;gpid mgptpUj;jp nra;jy;
efug; gpuNjrq;fspy; tbfhyikg;G
Kiwik Nkk;ghL 550 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 1 kpy;
gapu;r; nra;iff;fhd rpwpa ePu;
toq;fy; jpl;lk; 200 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 1 kpy;
rpwpasT rKjha ePu;toq;fy;
jpl;lq;fs; 100 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 1 kpy;

7 “thur; re;ij” mgptpUj;jp 200 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 2 kpy;

8 rpWtu; G+q;fhf;fs; epu;khzk; 500 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 3 kpy;


NjitAila FLk;gq;fSf;fhd kpd;rhu
9 trjpapid toq;Fjy; 100,000 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 30>000

10 rka jsq;fspd; Gduikg;G 1,300 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 1 kpy;

11 rka jsq;fSf;fhd R+upa kpd;trjpfs; 1,600 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 500>000


fpuhkpa kw;Wk; efu tPLfspd; mgptpUj;jp
(jw;fhypf $iufis epue;ju $iufshf
12 khw;Wjy;) 25,000 mynfhd;Wf;F &gh. 300>000
nrytpd vy;iyapDs; r%fg; gq;Nfw;Gld;
jw;fhypf tPLfis epue;ju tPLfshf
khw;Wtjw;fhd eltbf;ifapid
nghWg;Ngw;fg;gl KbAk;.

60
(M) 'vd;lu;gpiu]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;
'vd;lu;gpiu]; = yq;fh" epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk;
epjp kw;Wk; epjpay;yhj epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lq;fs;:

fld; jpl;lj;jpd; tpguk;


ngau;
1. tl;b khdpa fld; jpl;lk;
1.1 ud; tif – I
m];ntd;d
gadhspfs; - rpwpa mstpyhd
tptrhapfs;> fkey
epWtdq;fs;> myq;fhu
kyu;fisg; gapupLNthu;>
myq;fhu kPd; tsu;g;Gf;
ifj;njhopypy; <LgLk;
tpahghuq;fs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 5>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
tif – II
gadhspfs; - tptrha kw;Wk; kPd;
gjdpLk; njhopy;; kw;Wk;
rfy trjpfSld; $ba
gy;jpd kPd;gpb glFfs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 300>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
tif – III
gadhspfs; - tu;j;jf uPjpahd tptrhaf;
fk;gdpfs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 750>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;jNtz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.2 nfhtp gadhspfs; - rpwpa mstpyhd
eNthjh tptrhapfs;>
tptrha epWtdq;fs;>
(tptrha eltbf;if
,ae;jpu kakhf;fy;)
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 500>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

61
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
1.3 upa rf;jp gadhspfs; - ghlrhiy Nghf;Ftuj;Jr;
Nrit toq;Fk; thfd
thfd cupikahsu;fs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 4>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tpjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs;
1.4 ‘rpl;b iul;’ gadhspfs; - jw;NghJ ghtidapypUf;Fk;
fld; jpl;lk; gioa Ng&e;Jf;F gjpyhf
nrhFR Ng&e;J/ jho;j; js
jdpahu; Ng&e;J xd;iw
nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F
tpUg;gKs;s jdpahu;
Ng&e;J cupikahsu;fs;
kw;Wk; jkJ Copau;fSf;F
kpfTk; rpwe;j Nghf;Ftuj;J
trjpfis toq;Ftjw;F
vjpu;ghu;j;Js;s fk;gdpfs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 10>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tpjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.5 ‘kpdp nlf;rp gadhspfs; - 35 taJ my;yJ mjw;F
/ kpd; rf;jpapy; $ba taijAila
,aq;fFpd;w thlif Nehf;f Kr;rf;fu
Kr;rfu tz;b cupikahsu;fs;
tz;bapid’ thliff; fhu; Nritia
fld; jpl;lk; toq;Ftjw;F rpwpa uf
Nkhl;lhu; / kpd; rf;jpapy;
,aq;fFpd;w Kr;rfu
tz;bapid nfhs;tdT
nra;tjy;. jw;NghJ
ghtpf;Fk; Kr;rf;fu
tz;bfis
ghtidapypUe;J mfw;Wjy;
Ntz;Lk;.
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 2>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tpjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs;

1.6 uptp gy gadhspfs; - #upa kpd; fsq;fis


rtp nghUj;Jtjw;F
vjpu;ghu;j;jpUf;Fk; tPl;L
cupikahsu;fs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 350>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs;
1.7 jpup rtpa tif – I
gadhspfs; - Nfhop ,iwr;rp
cw;gj;jpahsu;fs;>

62
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 50>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 100%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 0%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 4 tUlq;fs; (3 khj
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

tif – II
gadhspfs; - Ra njhopy;
Kaw;rpahsu;fs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 1>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93 %
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

tif – III
gadhspfs; - fhy;eil tsu;g;gpy; <LgLk;
njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fs;.
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 5>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93 %
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (xU tUl
rYiff;fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.8 [a ,Ru tif – I
gadhspfs; - tUlhe;j tpw;gid &gh. 10
kpy;ypaDf;Fk;> &gh. 250
kpy;ypaDf;Fk; ,ilapYk;>
Copau;fspd; vz;zpf;if 5
,w;Fk; 50 ,w;Fk;
,ilapYk;> cs;s
tptrhaj;Jiw> flw;nwhopy;>
myq;fhu kPd; tsu;g;G>
fhy;eilfs;> myq;fhu
kyu;r;nra;if> tPl;Lj;
Njhl;lk;> kw;Wk; ,yF
nghwpapay;> mr;rply;>
Rw;Wyh> iftpidg;
nghUl;fs;> gyif
cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fs;>
Milfs;> jfty;
njhopy;El;gk;> cw;gj;jpf;
ifj;njhopy; kw;Wk;
GJg;gpf;ff;$ba rf;jp
Jiwfspy; <Lgl;Ls;s
rpwpa mstpyhd njhopy;
Kaw;rpahsu;fs;;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 100>000>000 (Vw;Wkjp)
- 50>000>000 (Vw;Wkjpay;yhj)
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;

63
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
tif – II
gadhspfs; - tUlhe;j tpw;gid &gh.
250 - &gh. 750
kpy;ypaDf;F ,ilapYk;>
Copau;fspd; vz;zpf;if
51 ,w;Fk; 300 ,w;Fk;
,ilapYk;> cs;s
tptrhaj;Jiw> flw;nwhopy;>
myq;fhu kPd;tsu;g;G>
fhy;eilfs;> myq;fhu
kyu;r;nra;if> tPl;Lj;
Njhl;lk;> kw;Wk; ,yF
nghwpapay;> mr;rply;>
Rw;Wyh iftpidg;
nghUl;fs;> gyif
cw;gj;jpg; nghUl;fs;>
Milfs;> jfty;
njhopy;El;gk;> kw;Wk;
cw;gj;jpf; ifj;njhopypy;
<Lgl;Ls;s eLj;ju
mstpyhd njhopy;
Kaw;rpahsu;fs;;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 400>000>000 (Vw;Wkjp)
200>000>000 (Vw;Wkjpay;yhj)
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 25%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 10.40%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.9 nrhe;JU gadhspfs; - 1>500 rJu mbf;Ff;
gpar Fiwe;j tPl;Lupikahsu;fs;
tPl;il tpupTgLj;j my;yJ
epu;khdj;ij G+uzg;
gLj;Jtjw;F.
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh) - 200>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs;

1.10 khj;a tif – I (Clf cgfuzq;fisf; nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F)


mUz gadhspfs; - gjpT nra;j
Clftpayhsu;fs;;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 300>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 100%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 0%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

tif – II (Clf cgfuzq;fis GJg;gpg;jw;F)


gadhspfs; - gjpT nra;j
Clftpayhsu;fs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 150>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%

64
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 5 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.11 ‘vdJ gadhspfs; - cau;juk; rpj;jpaile;j
vjpu;fhyk;’ fld; khztu; f s;
jpl;lk; mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 1"100"000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 100%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 0%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 12 tUlq;fs;
1.12 ‘vuk;Gk’ gadhspfs; - ,sk; gl;ljhupfs; kw;Wk;
fld; jpl;lk; Njrpa njhopy; jpwd;
jifik (NVQ) 5> 6> 7 ju
rhd;wpjo;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 1>500>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 12%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 100%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 0%
Vida trjpfs; - murhq;fj;jpd; KOg; nghWg;G
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.13 gRikf; tif – I
fld; gadhspfs; - cf;fpg;Nghff; $ba %yg;
nghUl;fisg;
gad;gLj;Jtjd; %yk;
nghjpapLk; nghUl;fis
cw;gj;jp nra;Nthu;> rpwpa
mstpyhd N`hl;ly;
cupikahsu;fs; kw;Wk;
Nrjd gris
cw;gj;jpahsu;fs;.
* Kr;rf;fu tz;bfspd;;
cupikahsu;fs;; (Kr;rf;fu
tz;bfspy; kPl;lu;
nghUj;Jtjw;fhf mjpfgl;r
njhif 20>000)
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 1>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

tif – II - 'N`hk;;]N
; l" (Homestay) epfo;r;rpj;jpl;lk;
gadhspfs; - Rw;Wyh gazpfSf;F
tPLfspy; jq;Fkpl trjp
toq;Fk; my;yJ toq;f
tpUk;GNthu;.
vjpu;ghu;j;jpUg;Nghu;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 5>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50% tpl mjpfkhd

65
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.14 ‘N`hk;; gadhspfs; - mur kw;Wk; jdpahu;
];tPl; N`hk;’ epWtdq;fspy; njhopy;
fld; jpl;lk; GupNthUf;F fPo;
Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sthW Kjy;
jlitahf tPnlhd;iw
nfhs;tdT nra;tjw;F/
fl;Ltjw;F
* Njrpa tPlikg;G
mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu rig>
efu mgptpUj;jp mjpfhu
rig my;yJ NtW
egu;fs; tPlikg;G
epWtdq;fspd; jpl;lj;jpy;
Kjy; Kiwahf
tPnlhd;iw nfhs;tdT
nra;tjw;F
* jdpahu;
tPlikg;ghsu;fsplkpUe;J
tPnlhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT
nra;tjw;F
* Kjy; jlitahf
tPnlhd;iwf; nfhs;tdT
nra;tjw;F
* jkJ tjptplj;jpw;fhf
Kjy; Kiw tPnlhd;iw
mikg;gjw;F
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 10>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 12% (Kjy; 5
tUlq;fSf;F)
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 40% (Kjy; 5
tUlq;fSf;F)
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 7%
(khdpak; toq;fg;gLtJ
Kjy; 5 tUlq;fSf;F
kl;Lk;)
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 25 tUlq;fs;
1.15 tif – II
‘nuf;ftud’ gadhspfs;
fld; jpl;lk; - rpWtu; ehshe;j guhkupg;G
ghJfhg;G epiyaq;fis
elhj;Jtjw;F
jifikAila
jdpg;gl;ltu;fs; kw;Wk;
epWtdq;fs; Njrpa njhopy;
jifik (NVQ)
rhd;wpjiof; nfhz;l
Mszpapdiuf;
nfhz;bUj;jy;
Ntz;Lnkd;gJld; kfspu;
rpWtu; kw;Wk; cyu;tya
mgptpUj;jp mikr;rpdhy;
toq;fg;gl;l rpWtu;
ehshe;j ghJfhg;G
epiyaj;jpw;fhd Njrpa
topfhl;lYf;fikthf

66
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
eilKiwg;gLj;jy;
Ntz;Lk;.
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - epiyankhd;Wf;F 3>500>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

tif – II
gadhspfs; - KjpNahu; fhg;gfq;fis
Gjpjhf epu;khzpg;gjw;F
kw;Wk; mgptpUj;jp
nra;tjw;F tpUg;gKs;s
jdpahu; njhopy;
Kaw;rpahsu;fs; (Njrpa
njhopw;gapw;rp rhd;wpjiy
cila (NVQ)
Mszpapdiuf;
nfhz;bUg;gNjhL; KjpNahu;
fhg;gf epWtdq;fs;
njhlu;ghf
ntspaplg;gl;Ls;s ,yq;if
ju epakk; (SLS) 1506:2015
f;F mika elhj;Jjy;
Ntz;Lk;.)
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 10>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

1.16 ‘rpq;fpj;jp gadhspfs; - Gjpjhf rpWtu;


ghry’ fld; ghlrhiyfis
jpl;lk; Muk;gpg;gjw;F my;yJ
jw;NghJ ,aq;Fk;
ghlrhiyia mgptpUj;jp
nra;tjw;F
tpUg;gKs;stu;fs;
jifikAila
Mszpapdiu Nritapy;
<LgLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 2>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 50%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.93%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 7 tUlq;fs; (1 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
1.17 ‘rp`pd gadhspfs; - ,yq;if ntspehl;L
khspfh’ fld; Ntiytha;g;G gzpafj;jpy;
jpl;lk; gjpT nra;j ntspehl;L
gzp GupNthu; fld;
ngWtjw;F jifik
ngWtjw;F cupa
ntspehl;L Ntiy Gupeu;

67
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
khjhe;jk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fsT
njhifapid ,yq;ifapy;
,aq;fptUk; VNjDnkhU
tq;fp %yk; gzk;
mDg;Gjy;. Gpd;tUk;
Nehf;fq;fSf;F fld;
toq;fg;gLk;.
*Gjpa tPnlhd;wpidf;
fl;Ljy;
* tPnlhd;wpidg; GJg;gpj;jy;
* tPl;bid cilj;J Gjpa
tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ljy;.
* Gjpa tPnlhd;wpidf;
nfhs;tdT nra;jy;
*fhzp nfhs;tdT nra;J
tPnlhd;wpidf; fl;Ljy;.
*tPl;bidf;
nfhs;tdTnra;J
GJg;gpj;jy;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 10>000>000
tUlhe;j tpidj;jpwdhd tl;b tPjk; - 13.86%
khdpa tl;b tPjk; - 75%
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 3.46%
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 15 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
2. ntspehl;Lf; fld; cjtpapd; fPo; eilKiwg;gLj;jg;gLk; fld; epfo;r;rpj;
jpl;lq;fs;
2.1 $iuapd; tif – I
kPJ gadhspfs; -jdpahu; tPl;L cupikahsu;fs;
nghUj;jg;gl;l fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 8%
#upa rf;jp mjpfgl;r nfhs;ssT - 50 fpNyh Nthl;
cw;gj;jp kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs;
fUj;jpl;lk;
RSPGLoC tif – II
gadhspfs; - njhopy; Kaw;rpahsu;fs;;
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 8%
mjpfgl;r nfhs;ssT - 50 fpNyh Nthl;
ntspehl;Lf; fld; toq;Fk; epWtdk; - Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fp
(KjyhtJ jlitf;fhd 50
kpy;ypad; kw;Wk; Kd;Ndw;wr;
nrayhw;Wifia
mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L 200
kpy;ypad; tiu mjpfupj;jy;.)
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs; (6 khj
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
2.2 rpwpa kw;Wk; gadhspfs; - rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju
eLj;ju mstpyhd
mstpyhd njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fs;;
njhopy;Kaw;rpf; mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 50>000>000
fld; jpl;lk; fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 11 – 14%
(SMELoC) ntspehl;Lf; fld; toq;Fk; epWtdk; - Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fp
(Imnlh 175 kpy;ypad;)
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)

68
fld; jpl;lj;jpd;
ngau; tpguk;
2.3 “gtpj;u gadhspfs; - Vw;fdNt fsdp
fq;fh” fq;iff;Fk;> fsg;GfSf;Fk;
jkJ fopTg;nghUl;fis
ntspNaw;Wk; fk;gdpfs;
mjpf gl;r fld; njhif (&gh.) - 30>000>000
fld;gl;Nlhu; nrYj;j Ntz;ba tl;b - 6.5%
ntspehl;Lf; fld; toq;Fk; epWtdk; - [g;ghdpa ru;tNjr
xj;Jiog;G epWtdk;
kPs; nrYj;Jk; fhyk; - 10 tUlq;fs; (2 tUl
rYiff; fhyk;
cs;slq;fyhf)
3. epjp kw;Wk; epjpay;yhj cjtp epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lq;fs;
3.1 Njrpa fld; gadhspfs; - rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju
cj;juthj mstpyhd
epWtdk; njhopy;Kaw;rpahsu;fs;;
(NCGI) mjpf gl; r fld; njhif (&gh.) - nkhj;jf; fld; njhifapy;
1/3
tUlhe;j jtiz - 1 - 2 %
ntspehl;Lf; fld; toq;Fk; epWtdk; - Mrpa mgptpUj;jp tq;fp
(I.m.nlh 100 kpy;ypad;)
3.2 rpwpa gadhspfs; - ,isQu;> Atjpfs;> ngz;fs;> tptrhapfs;>
mstpyhd rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju mstpyhd
epWtdq;fis fk;gdpfis ];jhgpg;gjw;F mf;fiw
];jhgpg;gjw;fhd nrYj;Jk; egu;fs;
Mjuit epjpay;yhj ed;ikfs; - fk;gdpfis gjpTnra;jy;> fzf;NfLfs;
toq;fy; kw;Wk; mwpf;iffisg; NgZjy;> epjp
epWtdq;fSld; fye;Jiuahly;>
re;ijf;Fs; gpuNtrpj;jy; vd;gtw;Wf;fhd
njhopy;El;g cjtp.
epjprhu; ed;ikfs; - mur tq;fpfspd; Clhf fld; my;yJ
Fj;jif trjpfs; kw;Wk; 75 rjtPj
Fj;jifr; nryT murhq;fj;jpdhy;
nrYj;jg;gLk; 'vd;lu;gpiu]; = yq;fh"
epfo;r;rpj; jpl;lj;jpd; fPo; rYif
mbg;gilapyhd fld; toq;fg;gLk;.
murhq;fj;jpd; khdpak;
rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju mstpyhd epWtdq;fs; - fld; jtiz
kw;Wk; khjhe;j
tl;b
cs;slq;fyhf
khjhe;j
jtizapy; 75%
ngz;fs; jiyikapyhd rpwpa
kw;Wk; eLj;ju mstpyhd epWtdq;fs; - fld; jtiz
kw;Wk; khjhe;j
tl;b
cs;slq;fyhf
khjhe;j
jtizapy; 85%
mq;ftPdKw;wtu;fshy; elhj;jp nry;yg;gLk;;
rpwpa kw;Wk; eLj;ju epWtdq;fs; - fld; jtiz
kw;Wk; khjhe;j
tl;b
cs;slq;fyhf
khjhe;j
jtizapy; 90%

69
(,) cau; ngWkjpkpf;f KjyPLfs;
cau; ngWkjpkpf;f cs;ehl;L kw;Wk; ntspehl;L Neub KjyPLfis
Jupjg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd cj;Njr Cf;Ftpg;Gf;fs;
1.0 ghupa mstpyhd fUj;jpl;lq;fs; (I.m.nlhyu; 100 kpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l
KjyPLfs;)

ghupa msT fUj;jpl;lq;fSf;fhd Cf;Ftpg;Gf; fl;ikg;Gf;fs;; gpd;tUkhW;

1.1 I.m.nlh. 100 kpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l KjyPLfSf;fhd tUkhd tupiaf;


fzf;fpLjy;: 1978 Mk; Mz;bd; 4 Mk; ,yf;f KjyPl;Lr; rigr; rl;lj;jpd;
fPo; jhgpf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,yq;if KjyPl;Lr; rigapdhy; mq;fPfupf;fg;gl;Ls;s
fUj;jpl;lnkhd;wpy; njhl;LzuKbahj nrhj;Jf;fs; ePqf
; yhf>
ngWkhdj;Njq;Tf;Fupa nrhj;Jf;fspy; nkhj;jk; I.m.nlhyu; 100 kpy;ypad;fis
my;yJ Nkw;gl;l njhifia KjyPLnra;Ak; xU egu;> tu;j;jfr;
nraw;ghLfis Muk;gpj;jjpypUe;J 10 tUl fhyj;jpw;F mj;jifa nrhj;Jf;fs;
kPJ mt;thwhd xt;nthU tUlj;jpYk; cug;gLfpd;w mj;jifa cz;ikr;
nrytpdj;jpd; 150% rjtPj fopnthd;Wf;F jifikngWthu;.;

1.2 Vw;GilajhFk; Kw;gzf; fzf;F tupfs;: tu;j;jfr; nraw;ghLfis Muk;gpf;Fk;


tiu fUj;jpl;lr; nraw;gLj;Jif my;yJ epu;khzf; fhyg;gFjapy; khj;jpuk;
I.m.nlhyu; 100 kpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l KjyPl;Lf; fUj;jpl;lq;fSf;fhf
Kw;gzf; fzf;F tupfspypUe;J gpd;tUk; tuptpyf;Ffs;
Kd;nkhopag;gLfpd;wd.

1.2.1 Njrf; fl;Lkhd tup: tuptpyf;F


1.2.2 JiwKf tpkhd epiya mwtPL : tuptpyf;F
1.2.3 nr]; tup: fUj;jpl;lk; rhu;e;j midj;Jg; nghUl;fs; kPJk; nr];
tuptpyf;F mspf;fg;gLk;.
1.2.4 vjpu;kiwg; gl;bay; nghUl;fs; kPjhd jPu;it kw;Wk; Vida tupfs;:
vjpu;kiwg; gl;bay; Vw;Gilajhfhj mNjNtisapy;> I.m. nlhyu; 100
kpy;ypad; ngWkjpahd fUj;jpl;lq;fSf;F mtu;fSila tpUg;gj;jpd;
Ngupy; fUj;jpl;lq;fs; rhu;e;j nghUl;fis ,wf;Fkjp nra;ayhk;
my;yJ cs;ehl;by; nfhs;tdT nra;ayhk;.

Fwpg;G: tuptpyf;Ffisf; NfhUtjw;Fj; Njitahd topfhl;ly;fs;


ntspaplg;gLk;.
KjyPl;L (njhl;LzuKbahj nrhj;Jf;fs;> fhzp kw;Wk; tpw;gidf;F
itf;fg;gl;Ls;s tjptplf; $Wfs; ePqf ; yhf kjpg;Gf;Fupa nrhj;Jf;fs;)
jFjpwd; ,Uf;Fk; tiu> tjptpl Mf;ff;$Wfspy; gad;gLj;Jtjw;fhf
vz;zpAs;s fUj;jpl;lq;fs; rhu;e;j nghUl;fis NtWgLj;JtJ fbdkhf
,Uf;fpd;wgbapdhy; 1.4 ,y; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s Kw;gzf; fzf;F tuptpyf;Ffs;
tjptpl Mf;ff;$WfSf;Fk; Vw;GilajhFk;.
1.3 I.m.nlhyu; 1 gpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l KjyPLfs;:
1.1 kw;Wk; 1.2 Mk; gpupTfspd; fPo; tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;s gpujpgyd;fSf;F
Nkyjpfkhf I.m. nlhyu; 1 gpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l KjyPLfSf;F tpLtpf;fg;gl
Kbahj ,og;Gfis fopg;gdTnra;tjw;fhd fhyg;gFjp 25 tUlq;fyhjy;
Ntz;Lk;.
mjpfupj;j %yjd nfhLg;gdtpdhy; ngwg;gl;l ,yhgj;jpypUe;J nrYj;jg;gl;l
mj;jifa gq;fpyhgq;fSf;fhf epWtdq;fspdhy; tjpahNjhUf;F nrYj;jg;gl;l
gq;fpyhg tup tPjk; mf;fhyg;gFjpapy; g+r;rpakhf ,Uj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

70
Mjpfupj;j %yjd nfhLg;gdtpypUe;J ,yhgk; ngWk; fhyg;GFjpapy; I.m.
nlhyu; 1 gpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l KjyPl;bid epWtdnkhd;wpy; Nkw;nfhs;Sk;
Gyk;ngah;e;j Copah;fs; Copa tUkhdj;jpd; kPjhd gpbj;J itj;jy;
tupapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
1.4 I.m.nlhyu; 50 kpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;l eLj;ju mstpyhd KjyPLfs;:
I.m.nlh. 50 kpy;ypaDf;F Nkw;gl;lLk; Mdhy; I.m. nlhyu; 100 kpy;ypaDf;F
Nkw;glhj KjyPLfSf;fhf gpupT 1.1 ,Ys;s mNj epge;jidfspd; fPo; nka;r;
nrytpdj;jpd; kPJ 100 rjtPj Nkyjpf fopg;gdT Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;. tu;j;jf
nraw;ghLfs; Muk;gpf;fg;gl Kd;du; fl;Lkhdk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk; fhyg;gFjpapy;
gpupT 1.2 ,Ys;s Vw;ghLfs; ,jw;fhf Vw;Glikahf;fg;gLk; vd;gNjhL mj;jifa
KjyPl;Lf;fhf Kw;gz tupapypUe;J tpyf;fspf;fg;gLk;
1.5 Cf;;Ftpg;Gf;fis cs;slf;Fjy;:
cld;gbf;if ifr;rhj;jpLk; fhyg;gFjpapy; eilKiwapYs;s cs;ehl;L
,iwtupr; rl;lk; kw;Wk; Vida epajpr; rl;lq;fspd; fPPOs;s Nkw;Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;s
rYiffis mDgtpg;gjw;fhf KjyPl;Lr; rigr; rl;lj;jpd; fPo; cl;gbf;if
xd;wpy; ifr;rhj;jpl;Ls;s KjyPl;lhsu;fis mDkjpg;gjw;fhf KjyPl;Lr; rigr;
rl;lj;jpid (kw;Wk; Njitg;gl;lthW Vida rl;lq;fisAk;) jpUj;Jtjw;F
Kd;nkhopag;gLfpwJ.

1.5.1 KjyPl;Lr; rig cld;gbf;ifapid ifr;rhj;jpLfpd;w Ntisapy; cs;ehl;L


,iwtupr; rl;lk; kw;Wk; Vida epajpr; rl;lq;fspYs;s cupa Vw;ghLfis
mJ gpujpgypf;Fnkd Kd;nkhopag;gLfpwJ. ,J KjyPl;Lr; rig rl;lj;jpd;
ml;ltiz M Vw;ghLfspd; fPo; mDkjpaspf;fg;gl;l cs;ehl;L ,iwtupr;
rl;lj;jpd; gpuNahfq;fis gpwNghLjy;> khw;wpaikj;jy; my;yJ
tpyf;fspj;jy; vd;gdtw;Wf;F KjyPl;Lr; rig mjpfhukspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ
vd fUjg;glyhfhJ.

71
(<) fk;gdp gzpg;ghsu; rigapy; ngz;fs; :
epWtd gzpg;ghsu; rigfspy; ngz;fspd; mjpfupj;j gq;Fgw;wypid
Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhd Kd;nkhopfs;
epWtd gzpg;ghsu; rigfspy;; ngz;fspd; fl;lha gpujpepjpj;Jtj;ij
mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjw;fhd Kd;nkhopag;gl;l tupirg;gLj;Jif fPo; tUkhW:
I. nfhOk;G gq;Fr; re;ijapy; gl;bayplg;gl;Ls;s epWtdq;fspd; gzpg;ghsu;;
rigfspy; 30 rjtPj ngz;fis cs;slf;Fk; RatpUg;gpyhd ,yf;fpid
gizaq;fs; guptu;j;jid Mizf;Fo mwpKfg;gLj;Jk;. gl;bayplg;gl;Ls;s
midj;J epWtdq;fSk; jkJ tUlhe;jj mwpf;ifapy; jkJ gzpg;ghsu;
rigfspTs;s ngz;fspd; rjtPjj;jpid ntspg;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

II. 2020 jpnrk;gu; khjk; 31 Me; jpfjpastpy; gzpg;ghsu; rigfspy;; 30 rjtPj


RatpUg;gpyhd ,yf;fpid mile;Jnfhs;s Kbahj midj;J
gl;bayplg;gl;l epWtdq;fSk; mt;thW mila Kbahikf;fhd fhuzq;fis
ntspg;gLj;Jjy; Ntz;Lk;.

III. 2022jpnrk;gu; khjk; 31 Mk; jpfjpastpy; midj;J gl;bayplg;gl;Ls;s


epWtdq;fspd; gzpg;ghsu; rig Mrdq;fspy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ 20 rjtPjk;
ngz;fspdhy; epug;gg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

IV. 2024 jpnrk;gu; khjk; 31 Mk; jpfjpastpy; midj;J gl;bayplg;gl;Ls;s


epWtdq;fspd; gzpg;ghsu; rig Mrdq;fspy; Mff; Fiwe;jJ 30 rjtPjk;
ngz;fspdhy; epug;gg;gl;bUj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.

72