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Class 10 Social Science Sample Paper

Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark Each)


Q1. Why is copper mainly used in electrical cables and electronic industries?
[Board Term-II, SQP 2016]
Q2. How much representation do local governments provide for women in India?
OR U How many seats are reserved for the women in the Indian local self-government?
[Board Term-I, Set (NLTM8TU) 2016-17]
Q3. Sahara Airlines and B.S.E.S. are examples of which sector?
Q4. Name a leader of the Dalits and the association formed by him.
Q5. What are resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised called?
Q6. Why was Jawaharlal Nehru port developed?
[Board Term–II, Foreign (Set-III) 2015]
Q7. Why is one party political system not considered a good democratic system?
[Board Term-II, Foreign Set-I, II, III 2016]

Short Answer Type Questions (3 Marks Each)


Q8. What is a manuscript? Why were they not used widely? [Board Term-I, DDE-2015, Set-M]
[Board Term-I, (36, 40), 2011] OR U What is manuscript? Mention any two limitations of it, dur-
ing the nineteenth century.
[Board Term-I, (CB4QHT1), 2016-17]
Q9. What are ‗placer deposits‘? Give examples of minerals found in such deposits.
[Board Term-II, Set-01/B1 2010]
Q10. Explain overlapping of social differences with an example. [Board Term-I, DDE-2014] OR A
―Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions‖. Explain.
Q11. Explain the role of education and health in the overall development of a country.
(Board Term-I, (3K),)
Q12. What are the duties of consumers while purchasing a thing? Write any three.
(Board Term-II, (Set-68046))
Q13. How was the education policy unfavourable to the Vietnamese students during the colonial
period ? Explain.
[Board Term-II, Foreign Set-I, II, III, 2015]
Q14. Who were the Jobbers? Explain their main functions. [Board Term-I, (36), 2012] (NCT) OR
U Who was a Jobber? Mention any two functions of a Jobber. [DDE-2015, Set-E] [Board Term-I,
(5800, 12, 18), 2011]
Q15. Describe three measures adopted to make the novels more accessible to the people in the
eighteenth century Europe.
[Board Term-I, (68), 2012]
Q16. Define the term manufacturing. Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materials
used.
[Board Term-II, Delhi Set 1, 2013; Set-68010, 2012]
Q17. Explain any three forms of communalism in the Indian politics. [Board Term-I, Set
(R9UJGYG),
(WQYFXWC) 2014]
Q18. How would income and employment increase if farmers are provided with loan, irrigation and
transportation facilities?
[Board Term-I, (36, 37), 2012]

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Long Answer Type Questions (5 Marks Each)
Q19. Mention any two geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in India.
Describe any three factors which have contributed to increase in maize production.
[Board Term-I, Set-M DDE-2015]
Q20. What qualities or values are inculcated in the people through local government?
Q21. Define tertiary sector. Describe about the different kinds of people employed in this sector in
India.
[Board Term-I, (WQ7FXWC), 2014]
Q22. What was the impact of the First World War on the economic conditions in India.
[Board Term-II, 2011
Q23. Describe the impact of the print revolution in Europe during 15th and 16th century.
[Board Term-I, (OEQL2HT), 2016-17]
Q24. There is an urgent need to develop a sustainable path of energy development. Give two broad
measures for it. As concerned citizens, how can you help to conserve energy? [Board SQP 2016]
Q25. Literacy and urbanisation combined with economic growth have changed the value system of
Indian society. Explain with reference to India‘s social problems.
Q26. What are demand deposits? Explain any three features of it?
(Board Term-II, (Set-TCJQ6VD)) OR U Which type of deposits with the banks are called demand
deposits? State some important features of demand deposits. (Board Term–II,)

Detailed Solution Of The Sample Paper

Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 Mark Each)


Q1. Why is copper mainly used in electrical cables and electronic industries?
[Board Term-II, SQP 2016]
Ans: It is used in electrical cables as it is malleable, ductile and a good conductor of heat and elec-
tricity. 1 U
(1 mark each)
Q2. How much representation do local governments provide for women in India?
OR U How many seats are reserved for the women in the Indian local self-government?
[Board Term-I, Set (NLTM8TU) 2016-17]
Ans: One-Third. 1 U
(1 mark each)
Q3. Sahara Airlines and B.S.E.S. are examples of which sector?
Ans: Private sector. 1 A
(1 mark each)
Q4. Name a leader of the Dalits and the association formed by him.
Ans: Dr B.R. Ambedkar, Depressed Classes Association in 1930. 1 A
(1 mark each)
Q5. What are resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised called?
Ans: Potential resources. 1 A
(1 mark each)
Q6. Why was Jawaharlal Nehru port developed?
[Board Term–II, Foreign (Set-III) 2015]
Ans: To decongest the Mumbai port and serve as a hub port for the region. 1 U
(1 mark each)
Q7. Why is one party political system not considered a good democratic system?
[Board Term-II, Foreign Set-I, II, III 2016]
Ans: Because one party system has no democratic option. 1 U
(1 mark each)

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Short Answer Type Questions (3 Marks Each)
Q8. What is a manuscript? Why were they not used widely? [Board Term-I, DDE-2015, Set-
M] [Board Term-I, (36, 40), 2011] OR U What is manuscript? Mention any two limitations of
it, during the nineteenth century.
[Board Term-I, (CB4QHT1), 2016-17]
Ans: (i) Manuscripts were documents or books written by hand.
(ii) They were not used widely because :
(a) They could not satisfy the ever increasing demand for books.
(b) They were expensive as copying was an expensive, laborious and time consuming business.
(c) Manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle and could not be carried around or read easily.
(d) Their circulation was limited.
(Any two) 1+2=3
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2016, 2012) U
(3 marks each)
Q9. What are ‗placer deposits‘? Give examples of minerals found in such deposits.
[Board Term-II, Set-01/B1 2010]
Ans: (i) Certain minerals may occur as alluvial deposits in sands of valley floors and base of hills.
These deposits are called ‗placer deposits‘.
(ii) They generally contain minerals which are not corroded by water.
(iii) Gold, silver, tin and platinum are examples of some important minerals found in ‗placer depos-
its‘.
1x3=3U
(3 marks each)
Q10. Explain overlapping of social differences with an example. [Board Term-I, DDE-2014]
OR A ―Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and ten-
sions‖. Explain.
Ans: (i) When one social difference overlaps another difference, it is known as overlapping of so-
cial differences.
(ii) Overlapping of social differences between Blacks and Whites became a social division in the
United States. These differences became the main factor for the Black Power Militant Movement.
(iii) Even in India, Dalits face discrimination and injustice. These kinds of situations produce social
divisions which are harmful for democracy and weaken the basic foundation of democracy.
1½+1½=3 U
(3 marks each)
Q11. Explain the role of education and health in the overall development of a country.
(Board Term-I, (3K),)
Ans: (i) Role of education: It plays a vital role in the overall development of a human being and
society, therefore stress on imparting education has been given up in our constitution.
(ii) Role of Health: The general health standard in India is quite low. This is quite inevitable as
nearly one fourth of the population lives below the poverty line.
(iii) A community: based programme on health care and medical services in rural areas are
launched.
As a result of these efforts, there has been a fall in the incidence of certain diseases like tuberculo-
sis, leprosy and polio.
(CBSE Marking Scheme 2013) 1×3=3 A
(3 marks each)
Q12. What are the duties of consumers while purchasing a thing? Write any three.
(Board Term-II, (Set-68046))
Ans: The duties of the consumers while purchasing a thing are :
(i) Consumer should look at the quality of the product, market price, guarantee period, date of
manufacturing, expiry date, etc.
(ii) Consumers should purchase standard products with seal of ISI or the AGMARK.
(iii) Consumer should ask for a cash memo and warranty card.
(iv) He/she should know the legal procedures if he/ she is cheated.

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(v) He/she should be aware of his/her duties.
(Any three) 1 × 3 = 3
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012)
(3 marks each)
Q13. How was the education policy unfavourable to the Vietnamese students during the colo-
nial period ? Explain.
[Board Term-II, Foreign Set-I, II, III, 2015]
Ans: Education policy unfavourable to the Vietnamese students :
(i) The Tonkin Free School was started in 1907 to provide a Western-style education. This educa-
tion included classes in science, hygiene and French.
(ii) The school encouraged the adoption of Western styles such as having a short haircut.
(iii) For the Vietnamese this meant a major break with their own identity.
(iv) Teachers and students did not blindly follow the curriculum. Sometimes there was open oppo-
sition and at other times there was silent resistance.
(v) As the number of Vietnamese teachers increased in the lower classes, it became difficult to
control what was actually taught.
(vi) School textbooks glorified the French and justified the colonial rule.
(vii) The Vietnamese were represented as primitive and backward capable of manual labour, but
not of intellectual reflection. (Any three) 1 × 3 = 3 [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2015] A
(3 marks each)
Q14. Who were the Jobbers? Explain their main functions. [Board Term-I, (36), 2012] (NCT)
OR U Who was a Jobber? Mention any two functions of a Jobber. [DDE-2015, Set-E] [Board
Term-I,
(5800, 12, 18), 2011]
Ans: The jobber was a person with some authority and he used to help the industrialists to get
workers.
His role was to ensure job to worker and workers to industrialists. He used to be an old and trusted
worker.
Functions:
(i) He got people from his village.
(ii) He ensured them jobs.
(iii) He helped the workers to settle in the cities.
(iv) He provided money in time of crisis. (Any two) 1+2=3 (CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012) U
(3 marks each)
Q15. Describe three measures adopted to make the novels more accessible to the people in the
eighteenth century Europe.
[Board Term-I, (68), 2012]
Ans: Measures adopted to make novels accessible to the people :
(i) Introduction of circulating libraries.
(ii) Hiring out novels by the hour.
(iii) Technological improvements in printing reduced the price of novels. 1×3=3
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012) U
(3 marks each)
Q16. Define the term manufacturing. Classify industries on the basis of source of raw materi-
als used.
[Board Term-II, Delhi Set 1, 2013; Set-68010, 2012]
Ans: Definition: ―Production of goods in large quantities after processing from raw materials to
more valuable products is called manufacturing‖.
Classification :
(i) Agro-based : Cotton, woollen, jute, silk textile, etc.
(ii) Mineral-based : Iron, steel, cement, etc 1 +2 = 3
(3 marks each)
Q17. Explain any three forms of communalism in the Indian politics. [Board Term-I, Set
(R9UJGYG),

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(WQYFXWC) 2014]
Ans: Communalism can take various forms in the Indian politics :
(i) The most common expression of communalism is in everyday life. These routinely involve reli-
gious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and the beliefs in the superiority of one reli-
gion over the other religions.
(ii) All the communities of the world have a quest for political dominance of one‘s own religious
community. For those belonging to the majority community, this takes the form of majoritarian
dominance. For those belonging to the minority community, it can take the form of a desire to form
a separate political unit.
(iii) Political mobilisation is another frequent form of communalism. Parties based on a particular
community make use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and create fear in order
to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. 3 U
(3 marks each)
Q18. How would income and employment increase if farmers are provided with loan, irriga-
tion and transportation facilities?
[Board Term-I, (36, 37), 2012]
Ans: (i) Loan provided can be used to construct a well, or to buy better quality of seeds and pesti-
cides.
(ii) Irrigation will help to have a second crop after the first one, even in the absence of monsoon.
(iii) Transportation facility will facilitate taking their produce to the market to sell. 1 × 3 = 3 A
(3 marks each)

Long Answer Type Questions (5 Marks Each)


Q19. Mention any two geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in In-
dia.
Describe any three factors which have contributed to increase in maize production.
[Board Term-I, Set-M DDE-2015]
Ans: (i) Geographical conditions required for the growth of maize crop in India :
(a) It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C.
(b) It grows well in alluvial soil.
(ii) Use of modern inputs such as HYV Seeds, fertilisers and irrigation have contributed to the in-
creasing production of maize. 2 + 3 = 5 A
(5 marks each)
Q20. What qualities or values are inculcated in the people through local government?
Ans: Values inculcated through local government :
(i) People become responsible when they are entrusted with responsibilities, so it helps them to
initiate the process of direct decision-making.
(ii) They learn the importance of the power of one— which teaches that each one can make a dif-
ference to the way in which they are governed, in the current political scenario.
(iii) They will realize the importance of their vote and will ensure that they vote at the time of elec-
tions, thus ensuring the habit of democratic participation. 1×3=3
(5 marks each)
Q21. Define tertiary sector. Describe about the different kinds of people employed in this
sector in India.
[Board Term-I, (WQ7FXWC), 2014]
Ans: Tertiary Sector : It helps in the development of the primary and secondary sectors. They pro-
vide aid or support for the production process.
Different kinds of people employed in this sector because it provides lots of opportunity for job.
(i) At one end there are a limited number of services that employ highly skilled and educated work-
ers.
(ii) At the other end, there are a very large number of workers engaged in services such as small
shopkeepers, repair persons, transporters, etc.
2 + 1½ + 1½ = 5 U

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(5 marks each)
Q22. What was the impact of the First World War on the economic conditions in India.
[Board Term-II, 2011
Ans: (i) It created new economic and political problems. The war had led to huge expenditure
which was financed by heavy loans and increase in taxes. Customs duties were raised and income
tax was introduced.
(ii) The prices had doubled between 1913 and 1918 and the common people underwent great hard-
ships.
(iii) Crops had failed between 1918-19 and 1920-
21 leading to famine and disease. There were epidemics killing between 12-13 million people
(Census, 1921).
(iv) People‘s hope that the end of war would bring an end to their goals were believed, and this led
to their support to the national movement.
(v) The Muslims were antagonised by the British illtreatment of the Khalifa, after the First World
War.
(vi) Indian villagers were also incensed by the British Government‘s forced recruitment of men in
the army.
(vii) The Congress and other parties were angry with the British for not consulting them before
making India a party on their side against Germany.
(viii) Taking advantage of the First World War, many revolutionary parties cropped up and they
incited the people to join the anti-colonial movement in India (i.e. the National Movement).
(Any five) 1 × 5 = 5 [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2011] U
(5 marks each)
Q23. Describe the impact of the print revolution in Europe during 15th and 16th century.
[Board Term-I, (OEQL2HT), 2016-17]
Ans: Impact of the print revolution in Europe during the 15th and 16th century :
(i) Printing reduced the cost of books.
(ii) The time and labour required to produce each book came down, multiple copies could be pro-
duced with greater ease.
(iii) Books flooded the market, reaching out to an ever growing readership.
(iv) Publishers started publishing popular ballads folk tales with beautiful pictures and illustrations.
(v) Knowledge was transferred orally.
(vi) Print created the possibility of wide circulation of ideas and introduced a new world of debate
and discussion.
(vii) Even those who disagreed with established authorities, could now print and circulate their
ideas. e.g., Martin Luther was a German monk, priest, professor and church reformer. He chal-
lenged the Church to debate his ideas.
(viii) This led to division within the Church and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
(ix) Print and popular religious literature stimulated many distinctive individual interpretations of
faith even among little-educated working people.
(x) In the sixteenth century, Menocchio, a miller in Italy, reinterpreted the message of the Bible and
formulated a view of God and Creation that enraged the Roman Catholic Church.
(Any five) 1×5=5
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2016) A
(5 marks each)
Q24. There is an urgent need to develop a sustainable path of energy development. Give two
broad measures for it. As concerned citizens, how can you help to conserve energy? [Board
SQP 2016]
Ans: Twin planks/measures :
(i) Promotion of energy conservation.
(ii) Increased use of renewable energy sources.
As concerned citizens we can do our bit by :
(i) Using public transport systems instead of individual vehicles.
(ii) Switching off electricity when not in use.

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(iii) Using power–saving devices.
(iv) Using non-conventional sources of energy.
(Any two) 2+ ½ × 2 = 3 [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2016]
(5 marks each)
Q25. Literacy and urbanisation combined with economic growth have changed the value sys-
tem of Indian society. Explain with reference to India‘s social problems.
Ans: (i) The caste system is very old in India and was also very rigid at one point of time but due to
literacy and economic development these caste barriers are breaking down. People in urban areas
who are literate mostly do not believe in inequality based on caste. It is accepted that all are equal.
Rising economic status of backward castes has helped in eroding the caste barriers.
(ii) The problem of communalism has decreased and there is less violence in the name of religion.
People who are literate mostly do not get swayed by appeal to religious emotions. Economic pro-
gress and urbanisation has greatly helped to cultivate the secular mindset.
(iii) The position of women too has improved with the spread of literacy among women. Now they
can earn and be economically independent. This helps to increase self-esteem and decreases de-
pendence on male members of society.
(iv) The system of dowry at the time of marriage is getting diluted due to literacy and economic
development of women.
(v) The practice of child marriage is decreasing due to spread of literacy.
(vi) There is occupational mobility due to spread of urbanisation and literacy and people are free to
follow the profession of their choice rather than follow hereditary professions.
(Any three) 1×3=3 qq
(5 marks each)
Q26. What are demand deposits? Explain any three features of it?
(Board Term-II, (Set-TCJQ6VD)) OR U Which type of deposits with the banks are called
demand deposits? State some important features of demand deposits. (Board Term–II,)
Ans: People save their money in banks by opening an account. The deposits in the bank accounts
can be withdrawn on demand, so these deposits are called demand deposits.
(i) Banks accept the deposits and also pay an interest rate on the deposits. In this way people‘s
money is safe with the banks and it earns an interest.
(ii) The facility of cheques against demand deposits makes it possible to directly settle payments
without the use of cash. Since demand deposits are accepted widely as a means of payment, along
with currency, they constitute money in the modern economy.
(iii) It is authorised by the government of the country.
(iv) Its demand and supply can be controlled RBI.
(v) In India, the law legalises the use of rupee as a medium of payment that cannot be refused in
settling transaction in the country. No individual can legally refuse a payment made in rupees.
(Any three) 2 + 3 = 5
(CBSE Marking Scheme, 2012)
(5 marks each)

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