ENGLISH Level One: Achievement Standard 1.

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Use information literacy skills to form conclusion(s) Credits: 4

“What’s the issue?” Student Instructions Sheet
Often the books we read deal with big issues – issues of life, death, religion, violence, prejudice and identity, to name only a few. In this activity, you will do further research into an issue that you have already encountered in your English programme. You will gather information, record your findings, assess how strong your information is and complete a final report. Your teacher will help you to identify some of the issues that you have encountered in the texts you have studied. You will be assessed on how well you: • gather and process information • form conclusions in a final written report. Both steps are part of the standard. Non-achievement in one step will result in non-achievement in both.

Gathering information When you gather information, you will • ask a number of key questions • select appropriate strategies to locate and process information • gather appropriate information from sources such as books, the internet, interviews, questionnaires, television and direct inquiries, • collate your gathered material in research logs. Forming conclusions When you form conclusions you will • write up your findings in class as a report, drawing conclusions and making judgements based on the material you have gathered. Your teacher will show you models to help you plan, research and record your findings. You will complete work in class and for homework. Your teacher will guide you on how much time you have to prepare the task. You need to use the templates which are provided to assist you in meeting the standard.

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Task 1: Completing a research plan
a)

Your teacher will assist you in selecting an issue to research. This issue will be connected to a text you have studied in English this year. You may not complete your research on a subject used in any of the exemplars. want your research to answer. Make sure these are open NOT closed questions.

b) To focus your issue, brainstorm and decide on at least THREE key questions you

A Note on open questions and closed questions A closed (poor for this task) question is one that leads to a short, one word or one sentence answer. An open (good for this task) queston is one that leads to a rich discussion and answers that take lots of sentences to answer. CLOSED (poor question): What percentage of New Zealanders are obese? OPEN (good question): Why are more New Zealanders obese in 2010 than twenty years ago?
c)

For each key question, brainstorm key words associated with the question. Key words will help you locate information.

Look at the Task 1 exemplar (page 4) as an example of how this research plan should be done.

Task 2: Select appropriate strategies to locate and process the information You must find relevant material for your research. There are a number of ways to do this: • Interviewing people • Reading books in the library • Internet searches • Searching through databases • Listening to radio interviews • Watching documentaries You should also take time to work out if the material that you have is good material or not. If you interviewed another student about a health issue, they would give you their opinion. If you then interviewed a doctor, they would also have an opinion. You must take time to work out which material is better – in this case, the views of the doctor are probably more accurate, because they are trained in the area of health. There are some easy steps you can take to find out if your material is good material or not. • By typing websites into www.wolframalpha.com, you can see WHO OWNS a particular website. This will help you to work out if you can ‘trust’ a website, and the facts on it. • You can type the names of authors and directors into Wikipedia.org to find out if they know a lot about the area you are researching. • You can use a website like www.imdb.com to see how many movies a director has made – to see if they know a lot about a particular subject. Look at the Task 2exemplar (page 5) as an example of how this should be done.

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Task 3: Gathering information and recording the process You must include a range of texts. To achieve this, try to include at least one oral, one visual, and one written source. If your chosen issue was obesity these could be... • • • The Fat boy Supersize Me Katherine Ryan and Tony Ryall interview (Written text – short story) (Visual text – film) (Oral text – radio interview)

Gather information relevant to your key questions from a range of sources. For each step (eg trip to the library, search on the internet, phone inquiry) you take in your research process, record what you did in the Research Log.

Look at the Task 3 exemplar (page 6) to see how these should be done.

Task 4: Organising and presenting the information Once you have completed the research process your teacher will assess your work against the criteria for process. You cannot write the final report until you have satisfactorily completed the process. Submit your process work attaching the Teacher Checkpoint sheet (Template A). Your research report will be completed in class, under controlled conditions over several periods. You will need all your process work with you in order to summarise it, draw your conclusions and make judgements. Your research report is expected to be between 300 – 500 words. Use your key question template and research logs to develop a report on the results of your research. In your report you must state: • your issue • the questions you addressed • the steps you took during your research • the key information you found • conclusions and judgements you have made Before preparing and presenting your report, look over the extracts from students’ reports from research projects. This will help you organise your material. You may not use any of this material in your own research. Look at Task 4 exemplar (page 8) to see how these should be done.

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Task 1 Exemplar: plan research, pose key questions, identify possible sources Teacher: ______________________

QUESTION 1 BRAINSTORMING What are the key causes of obesity?
KEY WORDS: Exercise, calories, diet, nutrition, sugar, fat.

TEMPLATE 1:

RESEARCH PLAN TOPIC “Obesity” QUESTION 3 How can society overcome obesity?
KEY WORDS; Operation, balanced diet.

POSSIBLE SOURCES QUESTION 2 What effect does obesity have on people?
KEY WORDS: Depression, anxiety, diabetes, fitness, self-image. WRITTEN : Survey Short Stories Screenplays Novels Non-fiction books ORAL : Interviews Songs VISUAL : Films Documentaries

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Task 2 Exemplar: Select appropriate strategies to locate and process the information Name: Teacher: Date 05/05/10 ____________________________________ ____________________________________ How good were my texts? I watched the documentary Supersize Me, directed by Morgan Spurlock. I typed ‘Morgan Spurlock’ into www.imdb.com. This website indicated that he had produced five films on dieting and eating. He had also appeared on TV programme called “50 best documentaries” – which rated Supersize me as amongst the best documentaries to have been produced in the 21st Century. I was able to establish that he knew lots about the topic of diet and obesity. I found an article on obesity in New Zealand, from the Ministry of Health website, and then read this. I placed the name ‘Tony Ryall’ into google, and then typed site:nz. This took me to the National Party website, where I was able to read some background information on Tony Ryall. His background is in Business and he has only recently become Minister of Health. There was nothing to suggest particular expertise in the area of health. I used www.wolframalpha.com and typed in http://www.moh.govt.nz/obesity into this search engine. Using this tool, I discovered that this website is owned by the New Zealand government. From this I deduced that I was able to trust the site. I read In Defence of Food, by Michael Pollan I typed the name ‘Michael Pollan’ into Wikipedia, to read about him, and work out how much he knew about food and obesity. Wikipedia told me that he had written about five books on food and dieting. From this I concluded that he is knowledgeable on the topic of obesity

07/05/10

07/05/10 09/05/10

13/05/10 15/05/10 16/5/10

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Task 3 Exemplar: collate your gathered material in research logs

Details of source: Source: Non-fiction book – In Defence of Food Creator: Michael Pollan Publisher/Owner: Barnes & Noble Date of publication: January 2008 SUMMARY: Write down relevant information linked to your key questions. 1 What are the key causes of obesity? Michael Pollan tells us that processed food is a major cause of obesity. He argues that when we process the food (e.g. putting things in cans), we strip all the nutritional goodness from it. As a result, our bodies need us to eat more and more food to be nourished and we become obese. Pollan says fresh foods are at “the peak of their nutritional value and flavor, [not] anything processed or microwavable.” 2 What effect does obesity have on people? According to the book In Defence of Food, when we become obese, we are much more likely to become depressed. Pollan tells us that there is a link between “dietary polyunsaturated fats and depression.” Therefore, the same food that is making us obese also makes us depressed. 3 How can society overcome obesity? Pollan argues that if we are to overcome obesity, we must “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.” There are three parts to what he says, and all three are important for us to help lose weight. Firstly, we must eat ‘food’ – fresh food – as opposed to highly processed substances (like chippies and canned food). Secondly, we must eat LESS food ‘not too much’. Finally, we must re-balance our diets, replacing meat with salads and vegetables – ‘mostly plants’.

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TEMPLATE A: TEACHER CHECKPOINT
This needs to be kept with your research material and available when your teacher asks for it. Process checked Research plan completed and satisfactory Strategies are being used to collect and process information Information being gathered Information being gathered Information being gathered Information being gathered Date checked Teacher comments and suggestions

NAME: ______________________

Teacher signature

Process criteria Research plan states topic, poses key questions and identifies possible sources Strategies are being used to collect and process information Information being gathered When all criteria are met, you are eligible to proceed to the write-up of the final report

Criteria met (Teacher signature)

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Task 4 Exemplar: Write up your findings in class as a report, drawing conclusions and making judgements

Exemplar – Excellence (extract)

Use information skills to form perceptive conclusions.

The attitudes towards food that people have are a key cause of obesity. Many people believe that when we eat GOOD food, we can eat as much of it as we like. This idea is leading to over-eating and therefore to obesity. Michael Pollan’s book In Defence of Food talks about this concept a lot. Pollan says “the low-fat diet Use of SPECIFIC evidence craze made everyone fatter. When you cut out one thing, indicates that the conclusions like fat, you end up eating more...” He indicates that we lower have come from information literacy skills our guard when we think food is low-fat, and therefore eat lots and lots of it. His solution is equally simple: “eat food. Not too much.” While eating less might sound like an obvious thing, it Student forms does go against the attitudes that we hear all the time: ‘up-sizing’ perceptive meals, ‘30% extra for free’, ‘buy-one, get-one-free’ or ‘two for the conclusions price of one’. What all of these advertising campaigns help us to believe is that having 30% more food is desirable. The message that Student forms we can fight obesity would have been obvious to our perceptive grandparents. However, currently, this message gets lost among conclusions advertising campaigns, and foods disguising themselves as ‘low fat’.

Note: to reach excellence, you must be PERCEPTIVE. To be perceptive, you have to make observations that are true and intelligent. You have to be able to make clear sense of complicated things. If the things you are saying are OBVIOUS, then you can’t reach excellence.

Exemplar – Merit (extract)
One key cause of obesity is too much fast-food. In his interview with Katherine Ryan, Health Minister Tony Ryall said “New Zealanders are eating more Lots of evidence take-away foods than ever before. helps this student Over 70% of New Zealanders admit to eating take-aways be convincing more than twice a week.” Ryall then said that this take-away food has “a much higher proportion of fat” than the food that we cook in our own homes. Morgan Spurlock agrees with the thought that fatty fast-food leads to fatty people. In his film Supersize Me, he tells us that “my mother cooked dinner every single day. Almost all my memories of her are in the Lots of evidence kitchen. And we never ate out.” This contrasts children today, as helps this student Spurlock says “Today, families do it all the time, and they’re be convincing paying for it... not only with their wallets, but with their waistlines.” Spurlock’s whole film sets out to reveal that when we Good strong eat too much fast-food, we become fatter. Eating at home is a explanation of the far better option. When we eat at home, we know what we are point helps make this eating. This is because we have been standing in front of the convincing. pot adding ingredients. However, when we eat take-aways, often we don’t know how much fat there is in the food.
This is a good strong point, though not perceptive.

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Because we don’t know how bad it is for us, we get fat from eating it (and eating it too often. Note: for Merit you must be convincing. The point this student is making is reasonably obvious, but it is a true point, and is very well argued. Lots of ExemplarandAchieved (extract) this student to be convincing. evidence – a strong explanation help One cause of obesity is lack of exercise. According to the This student has drawn a Healing Daily website, “...exercising on a simple conclusion about Good use of quotes regular basis...” helps you “...maintain the link between exercise help to prove they your weight.” This article tells us that when and obesity have used we exercise we are less likely to become information literacy overweight because we burn off fat. Lack of exercise results in us to draw conclusions becoming obese because we don’t burn off fat. Another reason for obesity is too much sugar. An article by Dr. Paul S. Auerbach on the Better Health website tells us America is “...a nation stricken with an Good use of quotes help epidemic of obesity... linked to to prove they have used consumption of sugar intake, and in particular, sugarinformation literacy to sweetened beverages.” This shows us that too much sugar leads draw conclusions to obesity.
This student has drawn a simple conclusion about the link between sugar and obesity

Note: for Achieved, you need to use information literacy skills to form conclusions. This student has made formed some conclusions. The quotes that the student uses demonstrate that they have used information literacy skills.

Exemplar – Not Achieved (extract)
This student has drawn a good strong conclusions about the causes of obesity.

There are lots of causes of obesity. One is too much sugar in our diet. When we eat too much sugar, our bodies cannot store it, and we turn it into fat. This makes us obese. Another reason we become fat is that we don’t exercise.

There is NO evidence to support the conclusions, therefore no suggestion that the student has used information literacy

This student has made formed some conclusions. However, there is no evidence that they have used information literacy skills to gather information. This student did not use their research to support their conclusions.

Exemplar – Not Achieved
This student not drawn any conclusions about the material they have presented.

According to Michael Pollan, in his book In Defence of Food, “Americans are eating too much food and it is making them sick.” He goes on to say “American children are much fatter than they were ten years ago.”

Good use of quotes help to prove they have used information literacy to

This student has gathered information and is presenting it to us. He quotes an expert in the area of food and obesity. However, he does not draw conclusions.

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Assessment Schedule: Eng/1/9 Achieved, merit, excellence Descriptor Task 1: Completing a research plan • Use information literacy skills Task 2: Select appropriate strategies to locate and process information • Use information literacy skills Task 3: Collate your gathered material in research logs • Use information literacy skills Task 4: Organising and presenting the information • Use information literacy skills to form conclusion(s). Task 4: Organising and presenting the information • Use information literacy skills to form convincing conclusion(s). Task 4: Organising and presenting the information • Use information literacy skills to form perceptive conclusion(s). Example Refer to exemplar Refer to exemplars

Refer to exemplars

Achieved

Refer to the Achieved exemplar

Merit

Refer to the Merit exemplar

Excellence

Refer to the Excellence exemplar

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