MODUL PROGRAM IBNU SINA

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

MODULE 2 QUADRATIC EQUATIONS & QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS

Terbitan :YAYASAN PELAJARAN JOHOR JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI JOHOR

b and c are constants . 3. a ≠ 0 Equation must be in one unknown only The highest power of the unknown is 2 Examples 1.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 MODULE 2 IBNU SINA TOPIC : QUADRATIC EQUATIONS & QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS Express Note : General form ax 2 + bx + c = 0 Properties 1. POR = x 2 . where a . two distict / different roots two equal roots no roots : b2-4ac > 0 : b2-4ac = 0 : b2-4ac < 0 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 2 .(SOR)x + (POR) = 0 Types of roots for QE i. 2x 2 + 3x – 1 = 0 is a quadratic equation 4x 2 – 9 = 0 is a quadratic equation 8x 3 – 4x2 = 0 is not a quadratic equation Determining roots of a quadratic equation i. 2. ii. . factorisation completing the square formula x = − b ± b 2 − 4ac 2a Forming QE from given roots by expansion −b a c a SOR = . 2. ii iii. iii.

q) ] General form After completing the square PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 3 . ii iii iv graph intersects the x-axis at two points b2-4ac > 0 graph does not intersects the x-axis b2-4ac < 0 graph touches the x-axis at one point b2-4ac = 0 graph touches the x-axis b2-4ac ≥ 0 Finding the min @ max value of QF using the completing the square method f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c = a(x + p )2 + q If a>0 min vakue = q axis of symmetry : x = -p min point = (-p. = (-p.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 Shapes of graph of Quadratic Function [ f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c ] If a > 0 If a<0 mak * * min Relation between the position of Quadratic Function Graphs and its roots i. q) If a<0 nilai max value = q axis 0f symmetry : x = -p mak point.

vi Determine the shape Determine the position Completing the square Solve f(x) = 0 Find f(0) (identify a) (evaluate b2-4ac) (find max@ min point and axis of symmtery) (find point of intersection with x-axis) (find point of intersection with y-axis) Plot the points and connect them with a smooth curve Quadratic Inequalities Range of Quadratic Inequalities Using line number i.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 Sketching Quadratic Function Graph i ii iii. ii ii iii Factorise State two values of x Use suitable method to find the correct position / area State the range a x<a a<x<b b x>b PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 4 . iv. v.

(c) Given the quadratic equation x2 = 2(2-m)x + 4 . Express 2x2 – 5x – 2 = 0 in the form of a(x – p)2 + q = 0. 5.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 PAPER 1 1. 2 Given that α and β are the roots of the quadratic x2 + 4x + 7 = 0. Find the range of values of p if the quadratic equation has no roots. solve the quadratic equation x 2 = 3. 3 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 5 . 4. Form a quadratic equation with roots α – 1 and β – 1 . Form a quadratic equation with roots α 2 and β 2 .m2.(a) 5 x + 2. Find the range of values of p if the quadratic equation has two distinct roots.(a) Given that 5 and − 5 are the roots of the quadratic equation 3 x 2 + mx − 2n + 1 = 0 . (c ) Given that α and β are the roots of the quadratic 3x2 . k = 0 has two equal 9 6. Hence. (a) x2 + 7x + 1 = 0 (b) x( x + 5) = 5.6x + 1 = 0. Find the values of k if the quadratic equation kx 2 + kx − 5 x + roots. (b) Given the quadratic equation 4x2 + p = 3(2x – 1).(a) Given the quadratic equation 2x2 – 6x = 3px2 + p . Give your answer correct to 4 significant figures. Form a quadratic equation with roots α + 1 and β + 1 . Find the range of values of p if the quadratic equation has two different roots. (c) x(2 + x) = 10 (d) 2x(2 – x) = 2x – 1 2. (b) Given that α and β are the roots of the quadratic 2x2 + 5x + 10 = 0. Solve the following quadratic equations.

QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 Find the value of m and n. Form the quadratic function f ( x ) = 3 x 2 − 9 x + 4 in the form of f ( x ) = a( x − p ) 2 + q . Find the value of k and n. Find the value of p. The diagram shows a graph of quadratic function f ( x ) = −2( x − p ) 2 + q . 9. 10. Hence. One of the roots of quadratic equation kx 2 − (k + 5)x + 2 = 0 is reciprocal of the other root. find the minimum or maximum point. hence. 8. where p and q are constant. state the equation of the axis of symmetry of the graph. q and k. (c) Given that -2 and 6 are the roots of the quadratic equation 5 x 2 + kx + 8n − 1 = 0 . Find the values of k and the roots of the quadratic equation. 7. 10(b) PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 6 . 4 Find the value of m and n. (b) Given that 3 and 3 are the roots of the quadratic equation 2 x 2 + 3mx − 7 n + 2 = 0 . (a) Find the minimum or maximum point of the graph of quadratic function f ( x ) = 2x 2 + 3 x − 6 .

11. Find the range of x in each of the following (a) ( x + 3 )( 2 x − 5) ≥ 0 (b) (2 x + 3)( x − 5) <0 ( x − 4) f ( x ) = 3 x 2 − 2 x −16 (c) and f(x) is always positive. Find the range of x if the quadratic function f ( x ) = kx 2 +( 2k +1) x +k −3 never touches the x-axis. Find the value of p. where p and q are constant.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 The diagram shows a graph of quadratic function f ( x ) = −3( x + p ) 2 + q . q and n. PAPER 2 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 7 . (d) ( x − 3)( 3 x +1) ≤ 0 12.

m). y x 0 Q(k. END OF MODULE 2 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 8 . By using the method of completing the square . (a) (b) 2. find the value of m and n. y x 0 B A(3. By using the method of completing the square . find the value of k and m. m) Diagram 2 shows the curve of a quadratic function f(x) = x2 + 5x . The curve has a maximum point at A(3. State the coordinates of point B.m) and intersects that f(x)-axis at point B.m) Diagram 1 shows the curve of a quadratic function f(x) = -x2 – nx +4.3. The curve has a minimum point at Q(k.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 1.

1459 or x = −6. a) x= − 7 ± 7 2 − 4(1)(1) 2 x = −0.QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 MODULE 2 .3660 or x = 1.5854 c) x 2 + 2 x − 10 = 0 x= − 2 ± 2 2 − 4(1)( −10 ) 2 x = 2.366 2.854 b) x 2 + 5x − 5 = 0 x= − 5 ± 5 2 − 4(1)( −5 ) 2 x = 0.(a) α + β = −4. αβ = 7 (α −1) + ( β −1) = −6 (α −1)( β −1) = 12 x 2 + 6 x +12 = 0 α + β = − .317 d) − 2x 2 + 2x + 1 = 0 x = − 2 ± 2 2 − 4( −2)(1) 2( 2) x = −0.6375 3.137 or x = −0.8541 or x = −0.31 or x = −4. 2 5 57  2 x −  − =0 4 8  x = 3. αβ = 5 (α +1) + ( β +1) = − (α −1)( β −1) = 2x 2 + x + 7 = 0 7 2 1 2 5 2 (b) PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 9 .ANSWERS TOPIC : QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS PAPER 1 1.

O.(a) 1 3 (−6) 2 − 4( 2)( p − 3) > 0 15 p< 2 (b) (-6) 2-4(4)(p-3)<0 2 1 p> 4 (2m-4)2 -4(1)(m2-4)>0 m>2 k  ( k − 5 ) 2 − 4( k )  = 0 9  k 2 − 18 k + 45 = 0 k = 15 .QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 α + β = −2.(a) S.O. k = 3 (c ) 5.R = 5 +  −  = m = 10   5 3  5  3 m 3 2n − 1 3 P. α β = α β + = −1 2 2 α β 1 ( )( ) = 2 2 6 2 6x + 6x +1 = 0 (c ) 4. 6.O.R = 3 ×   = 2 4 −5 n= 14 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 10 .O.R = 3 +   = 2 4 −5 m= 2  3  − 7n + 2 P.R = 5 ×  −  = − n = 13 (b)  3  − 3m S.

O.−  4 8  10.186 and 0.R 1 2 a× = a k ∴k = 2 roots = 3.O. 4  f ( x ) = 3 x 2 − 3 x +  3  3 11  = 3 x −  − 2 4   3 11  minimum point . q = 5 k=-3 (b) p = -2. roots = a.2 2 P.R 1 5 a+ = a 2 2a 2 − 5a + 2 = 0 1 a = . n = -9 11. a) b) c) x ≤ −3 and x ≥ x <− 5 2 3 and 4 < x < 5 2 8 x < −2 and x > 3 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 11 .  .QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 S. f(x) = 3   2 x 2 + x − 3  2   3 57  2 x +  − 4 8  2 minimum point .−  4  2 2 9.(a) p = 2 .O.3139 8. S.R = -2 + 6 = (c) k = -20 −k 5 8n −1 5 P. q = 3.  −   3 57  .O.R = − 2 × 6 = n= −59 8 1 a 7.

n= -6 k= −5 .QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS FORM 4 d) ( x − 3)( 3 x +1) ≤ 0 −1 ≤ x ≤3 3 12. ( 2k +1) 2 − 4k ( k −3) < 0 16 k +1 < 0 x> −1 16 PAPER 2 1. m= 2 − 37 4 2. (a) (b) B(0.4) -(x2 + nx – 4) m = 13. END OF MODULE 2 PROGRAM IBNU SINA TAHUN 2010(ALL A’s) Page 12 .

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