Communication as academic discipline Communication as an academic discipline relates to all the ways we communicate, so it embraces a large body of study

and knowledge. The communication discipline includes both verbal and nonverbal messages. A body of scholarship all about co mmunication is presented and explained in textbooks, electronic publications, an d academic journals. In the journals, researchers report the results of studies that are the basis for an ever-expanding understanding of how we all communicate . Communication happens at many levels (even for one single action), in many diffe rent ways, and for most beings, as well as certain machines. Several, if not all , fields of study dedicate a portion of attention to communication, so when spea king about communication it is very important to be sure about what aspects of c ommunication one is speaking about. Definitions of communication range widely, some recognizing that animals can communicate with each other as well as human beings, and some are narrower, only including human beings within the parameters of human symbolic interaction . There are three major parts in human face to face communication which ar e body language, voice tonality, and words. According to research: 55% of impact is determined by body language postures, gestures, and eye contact, 38% by the tone of voice, and 7% by the content or the words used in the communication process. Although the exact percentage of influence may differ from variables such as the listener and the speaker, communication as a whole strives for the same goal an d thus, in some cases, can be universal. System of signals, such as voice sounds , intonations or pitch, gestures or written symbols which communicate thoughts o r feelings. If a language is about communicating with signals, voice, sounds, ge stures, or written symbols, can animal communications be considered as a languag e? Animals do not have a written form of a language, but use a language to commu nicate with each another. In that sense, an animal communication can be consider ed as a separate language. Human spoken and written languages can be described a s a system of symbols (sometimes known as lexemes) and the grammars (rules) by w hich the symbols are manipulated. The word "language" is also used to refer to c ommon properties of languages. Language learning is normal in human childhood. Most human languages use patterns of sound or gesture for symbols which enable communication with others around them. There are thousands of human languages, and these seem to share ce rtain properties, even though many shared properties have exceptions. There is no defined line between a language and a dialect, but the linguist Max Weinreich is credited as saying that "a language is a dialect with an army and a navy". Constructed languages such as Esperanto, programming languages, and vari ous mathematical formalisms are not necessarily restricted to the properties sha red by human languages. Importance of communication A human being s need for communication is as strong and as basic as the ne ed to eat, sleep and love. It is both an individual and a social need. It is bot h a natural demand and a requirement of social existence to use communication re sources in order to engage in the sharing of experiences, through symbol-mediate d interaction. Communication is mostly important in three areas of our existence : Personal Life Professional Life Civic life Personal Life George Herbert Mead (1934) said that humans are talked into humanity. He meant that we gain personal identity by communicating with others. In our earli est years our parents told us who we were: "You're smart," "You're so strong," " You're such a funny one." We first see ourselves through the eyes of others, so their messages form important foundations of our self-concepts. Later we interac t with teachers, friends, romantic partners, and co-workers who communicate thei

A primary distinction between relationships that endure and those that collapse is effective communication. Although dramati c moments affect relationships. The profound connection between communication and identity is dramat ically evident in children who are deprived of human contact. We also need to listen critically to speakers who make proposals about goals for the institutions at which we work. our decision to study it will serve us well. 1992). 1989). and counselling. Specialists have to be able to listen carefully to the needs of their clients and customers. . and their mental and psychological development is severely hindered by lack of language. remembering shared history. and early death (Crowle y. Because communication is a cornersto ne of human life. voters need to listen critically to candidates' argu ments and responses to questions. Thus. and manage conflic t constructively tend to sustain intimacy over time. Developing communication skills is important no matter what your car eer goals are. People who lack close friends have greater levels of anxiety and depre ssion than people who are close to others (Hojat. accounting. and planning a future. how we see ourselves reflects the views of us that others c ommunicate. citizens in a democracy must be able to express ideas and evaluate the ethical and logical strength of claims ot her people advance. F rom painting on the walls of caves to telling stories in village squares to inte racting on the Internet. askin g questions. law. relationship. sal es. whereas social isolation is linked to stress. 1982. In pluralis tic cultures such as ours. The importance of communication is obvious in professions such as teaching. healthy interaction in a socially divers world.r views of us. everyday t alk and nonverbal interaction are the essence of relationships. Research consistently shows that communicating with others promotes health . as well as those on which we depend for services. Communication is important for personal. Communication also directly influences our physical well-b eing. people have found ways to communicate with each other t o build a common social world. where talking and listening are central to effectiveness. and businesspeople major in communication before pur suing specialized training. and film editing require communication skills. He art disease is also more common among people who lack strong interpersonal relat ionships (Ruberman. everyday interaction that su stains the daily rhythms of our intimate connections. We build connections with others revealing our private identities. profe ssional. M any attorneys. working out problems. Communication skills are especially impo rtant for effective. People who learn how to discuss their thoughts and feelings. listening to the answers. Personal Relationships Communication is a key foundat ion of personal relationships. For most of us. disease. and civic and cultural well-being. Communication is important for more than solving problems or making disclosures. The y also need to be skilled in explaining technical ideas to people who lack their expertise. 1995). it is unremarkable. Professional Life Communication skills are critical for success in professional life. adapt to each other. we need to understand and work with people who differ from us. To make informed judgments. Jones & Moore. Civic life Communication skills are also important for the health of our society. To be effective. Case studies of ch ildren who were isolated from others show that they have no concept of themselve s as humans. Even highly technical jobs such as computer programm ing. Healthy civic and social engagements depend on our ability to listen t houghtfully to range of perspectives and to adapt our communication to diverse p eople and contexts. counsellors.

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