Abhishek Dwivedi Darryl Laird Engl 110 Section #09 Thursday, January 21, 2010.

What is Happiness? Happiness is but a belief, an idea or a theory. According to Aristotle, happiness is an end, an end result of all the things a person does. Everything everyone does is for a reason, to achieve something else. Aristotle believes that the “something else” is happiness. There is a common belief that having money can obtain you happiness. But do you really think that money is the most important thing in the world? Can happiness really be bought by money? Do you have to be rich to be happy? Would being richer make you happier? In this moneyoriented world, it is not weird that over a third of people think that money can buy happiness. Yet, it is an irony that our pillars bear such a thought. In this essay, I will look at the reasons for which Margaret Cavendish does not believe in the power of money. Based on her perspective, I will also argue that money cannot buy happiness.

Margaret proves her point to the protagonist of the story ‘the lady’, who feels the importance of happiness as she discovers the contentment and joy on the faces of peasants. The peasants struggle hard for their existence to earn their living which is not enough to suffice their needs; yet they sleep well at night. The lady is jealous as her wealth, her riches cannot buy her happiness but the deeper meaning shows that if happiness is to be found in whatever we do then we should accept the paramount importance of making others happy. She compares the lives of

But ‘great’ (pg no. Their conversation is usually very formal and they depart by exchanging enmity in their hearts. cheese and feeding their poultry.’(Cavendish. 17). in return earns them recreation and health whereas the luxurious and idleness of richer men brings discontentment which is hard to overcome. They grow sick and unhappy than being loving and joyous. Their hard work brings them sound sleep and they are not perplexed at the thought of not being up to date at fashion. 17) ladies are devoid of this true pleasure. They are loving and helpful towards one another. Their jealousy at others beauty and bravery disturbs the environment as well as their quality time. They enjoy their cheerfulness and depart each other with neighborly love as compared to the high society people who meet each other in a way that they could prove their superiority over the other person. They do not get tensed about pimples. The peasants find joy in their work.peasants with the rich people as she says that merriment is accompanied by troubles and it is not easy to live happily and manage grandness with such freedom of mind as the poor peasants do even in their miser living.” This does not mean that there should be more peasants . Margaret Cavendish says that “In comparison to one noble who is truly happy and contended the number of happier peasants is still more. which. The countrymen are so unconcerned to such envy that they meet each other with joyous heart. the peasants are not envied by each other. According to Margaret Cavendish. 16) Their mind is in a state of peace as they do not or seldom care for their looks and beauty. pg no. To evaluate the happiness between a peasant and ‘noble’ (Cavendish. making butter. pg no. ‘The country housewives find pleasure in milking their cows.

Even in his struggle for existence.Tammy Roberts . we can say that being rich does not guarantee your happiness but being poor does not rob you of it. the expenditure is void even if one buys everything with treasures. The letter beautifully personifies the paramount importance of happiness.Petersbourgh: Ontario. “On social class and happiness.as they are contended and happy. .” The broad view anthology of expository prose 2007. possessions and strong desire to achieve something. It comes from ones opinion and thoughts. A man who accepts everything that comes to him.ed. Thus. but to the fact. 2007. but the protagonist of the letter ‘the lady’ is devoid of this beautiful inner emotion as she despite of her riches is unhappy.16-18. self appraise and conviction. Margaret. with gratitude despite of his poverty is contended. Happiness is an abstract feeling that cannot be confiscated by wealth. Work cited Cavendish. course or of actions of human beings as she believes that happiness is a matter of inward contentment of mind and soul. The writer does not consider herself as an appropriate judge of the various sorts. there are countless number of happier peasants because they are not discontented by others success. The things that we selflessly do for others and ourselves make us happy. he solely rises on his hard work and is happy whereas wanting more and being reluctant towards fate can bring no happiness. wealth or riches does not guarantee happiness. To wrap up. If one does not enjoy what he undertakes.

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