# HRPQC-04 (7/04

)

APPLICATIONS NOTE
Quick Calculations Tables give typical and heavy load estimates
based on the conditions in each room temperature table.
If your conditions are very different from the typical or heavy
a. You can use the paper and pencil calculation in Heatcraft
Refrigeration Products Engineering Manual (H-ENG-1)
b. You can use the box load software, in the Calculation Toolbox of the
Cold Solutions Program provided by a Sales Representative
c. Or you can call your Sales Representative for assistance

QUICK CALCULATIONS
for

WALK-IN COOLERS
and

FREEZERS
6’ X 6’ to 40’ X 40’ Rooms
with 8’ Ceilings
at -20ºF. to +35ºF.
Based on 95ºF. Ambient

© 2004, Heatcraft Refrigeration Products LLC

Before you do a, b, or c, get this information about your job:
1. Room information:
• Length, width, and height of the box in feet
• Temperature of the refrigerated room (°F.)
• Relative humidity in the refrigerated room (if speciﬁed)
• Summertime design ambient temperature (°F.). This is usually the
temperature expected at the location of an air cooled condensing
unit which cools the room
2. Insulation information:
• Type of insulation, insulation thickness (inches), and external
temperatures on walls, ceiling, ﬂoor
• The temperature (°F.) of the entering air and the relative humidity
of the entering air. Also, an estimate of the door usage
- average, heavy, etc.
• Does the box have glass doors? Dock doors? How many?
• What is the product or product mix?
• How many pounds of product entering at what temperature?
• How long (hours) does it take to load the product into the room?
• How quickly (hours) should the room pull the product down
to what temperature?
• How many pounds of fruit and vegetables are in the room?
• How many people work in the room?
• What is the lighting (watts)?
• How many motors (HP) do work in the room?

DIMENSIONS
(FEET)
W
L H

ROOM
AREA
SQ. FT.

ROOM
BTUH
BTUH
VOLUME TYPICAL HEAVY
CU. FT.

6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
40
40

36
48
60
64
80
96
112
128
144
160
176
192
208
224
240
256
100
120
140
160
180
200
240
280
144
168
192
216
240
264
196
224
280
336
256
320
384
324
360
432
400
480
560
640
720
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600

288
384
480
512
640
768
896
1024
1152
1280
1408
1536
1664
1792
1920
2048
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600
1920
2240
1152
1344
1536
1728
1920
2112
1568
1792
2240
2688
2048
2560
3072
2592
2880
3456
3200
3840
4480
5120
5760
6400
7680
8960
10240
11520
12800

6
8
10
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
28
12
14
16
18
20
22
14
16
20
24
16
20
24
18
20
24
20
24
28
32
36
40
24
28
32
36
40

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

4522
5296
6020
6193
7032
7830
8597
9341
10065
11402
12097
12779
13451
14115
14770
15417
7980
8883
9752
11224
12045
12849
14413
15931
9887
11483
12423
13338
14235
15115
12547
13580
14587
15574
14704
17318
19416
17429
18592
20863
19842
22911
25289
28058
30347
33231
37745
42361
46722
51218
55479

6570
7390
8170
8360
9270
10140
10980
11790
12580
13800
14570
15320
16060
16800
17520
18240
10310
11300
12250
13630
14530
15430
17170
18860
12410
13920
14970
15990
16990
17970
15110
16260
17520
18750
17530
20420
22800
20550
21870
24460
23300
26530
29260
32380
35020
38070
43290
48420
53490
58500
63460

0ºF. ROOM

The Cold Solutions Program automatically ﬁgures
typical loads. Here are the typical conditions:
Product - In at +10°F.
a) Speciﬁc heat of product is 0.45 BTU
per pound
b) Product loaded in a 24 hour period
c) Freezing point of product is 27°F.
d) Reduce product to 0°F. in 24 hours
e) Pounds of +10°F. product EQUALS room
volume (cu. ft.)
External Temperatures
a) 95°F. on all four walls
b) 115°F. on the ceiling (solar effect)
c) 55°F. on the ﬂoor
Insulation - 4” Urethane
4” urethane on the walls, ceiling, and ﬂoor
with R = 25 and k = 0.16
Inﬁltration - 2 times Average
a) 95°F. air enters room through the door at
50% relative humidity
b) The door openings cause TWICE the number
of air changes listed in AVERAGE AIR
CHANGES FOR STORAGE ROOMS table
Miscellaneous
a) Lighting - One watt per square foot
of ﬂoor area
b) People Load - charged at 1 person per
25,000 cu. ft. of room volume
c) Motors - charged at 1 HP per 12,500 cu. ft.
of room volume
a) Pounds of product is 3 times cu. ft.
b) People load is 1 person
Safety Factor - 10%
10% safety factor is added to the product,
described above.
Run time - 18 hrs, electric defrost
18 hour condensing unit run time.
The BTU load for 24 hours is divided by 18 to
yield the hourly heat load reported in this table.

QUICK CALCULATIONS for
FREEZERS

DIMENSIONS
(FEET)
W
L H

ROOM
AREA
SQ. FT.

ROOM
BTUH
BTUH
VOLUME TYPICAL HEAVY
CU. FT.

6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
40
40

36
48
60
64
80
96
112
128
144
160
176
192
208
224
240
256
100
120
140
160
180
200
240
280
144
168
192
216
240
264
196
224
280
336
256
320
384
324
360
432
400
480
560
640
720
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600

288
384
480
512
640
768
896
1024
1152
1280
1408
1536
1664
1792
1920
2048
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600
1920
2240
1152
1344
1536
1728
1920
2112
1568
1792
2240
2688
2048
2560
3072
2592
2880
3456
3200
3840
4480
5120
5760
6400
7680
8960
10240
11520
12800

6
8
10
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
28
12
14
16
18
20
22
14
16
20
24
16
20
24
18
20
24
20
24
28
32
36
40
24
28
32
36
40

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

4859
5692
8573
6654
7555
8413
9239
10039
10818
12225
12973
13708
14432
15146
15851
16549
8573
9543
10477
12028
12911
13775
15457
17090
10621
12305
13314
14297
15260
16206
13446
14554
16696
19202
15761
18533
20786
18652
19900
22336
21240
24503
27054
29993
32449
35515
40316
45232
49870
54656
59186

7070
7960
10890
8990
9960
10890
11790
12660
13510
14780
15600
16400
17200
17980
18760
19520
11070
12130
13150
14580
15550
16500
18360
20170
13310
14890
16010
17100
18160
19220
16160
17390
19780
22530
18740
21790
24320
21930
23330
26090
24850
28260
31160
34450
37260
40470
45980
51390
56730
62020
67250

-10ºF. ROOM

The Cold Solutions Program automatically ﬁgures
typical loads. Here are the typical conditions:
Product - In at 0°F.
a) Speciﬁc heat of product is 0.45 BTU
per pound
b) Product loaded in a 24 hour period
c) Freezing point of product is 27°F.
d) Reduce product to -10°F. in 24 hours
e) Pounds of 0°F. product EQUALS room
volume (cu. ft.)
External Temperatures
a) 95°F. on all four walls
b) 115°F. on the ceiling (solar effect)
c) 55°F. on the ﬂoor
Insulation - 4” Urethane
4” urethane on the walls, ceiling, and ﬂoor
with R = 25 and k = 0.16
Inﬁltration - 2 times Average
a) 95°F. air enters room through the door at
50% relative humidity
b) The door openings cause TWICE the number
of air changes listed in AVERAGE AIR
CHANGES FOR STORAGE ROOMS table
Miscellaneous
a) Lighting - One watt per square foot
of ﬂoor area
b) People Load - charged at 1 person per
25,000 cu. ft. of room volume
c) Motors - charged at 1 HP per 12,500 cu. ft.
of room volume
a) Pounds of product is 3 times cu. ft.
b) People load is 1 person
Safety Factor - 10%
10% safety factor is added to the product,
described above.
Run time - 18 hrs, electric defrost
18 hour condensing unit run time.
The BTU load for 24 hours is divided by 18 to
yield the hourly heat load reported in this table.

QUICK CALCULATIONS for
FREEZERS

DIMENSIONS
(FEET)
W
L H

ROOM
AREA
SQ. FT.

ROOM
BTUH
BTUH
VOLUME TYPICAL HEAVY
CU. FT.

6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
40
40

36
48
60
64
80
96
112
128
144
160
176
192
208
224
240
256
100
120
140
160
180
200
240
280
144
168
192
216
240
264
196
224
280
336
256
320
384
324
360
432
400
480
560
640
720
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600

288
384
480
512
640
768
896
1024
1152
1280
1408
1536
1664
1792
1920
2048
800
960
1120
1280
1440
1600
1920
2240
1152
1344
1536
1728
1920
2112
1568
1792
2240
2688
2048
2560
3072
2592
2880
3456
3200
3840
4480
5120
5760
6400
7680
8960
10240
11520
12800

6
8
10
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
28
12
14
16
18
20
22
14
16
20
24
16
20
24
18
20
24
20
24
28
32
36
40
24
28
32
36
40

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

5187
6076
6908
7104
8066
8982
9865
10720
11553
13031
13830
14617
15392
16156
16912
17659
9152
10187
11185
12815
13758
14682
16480
18227
11338
13108
14185
15236
16246
17274
14326
15509
17795
20441
16795
29124
22129
19850
21182
23781
22611
26066
28788
31894
34516
37762
42487
48059
52973
58047
62848

7570
8510
9390
9610
10640
11620
12580
13500
14410
15730
16600
17460
18310
19140
19970
20780
11810
12940
14020
15520
16550
17560
19530
21460
14190
15850
17030
18180
19300
20430
17190
18490
21030
23920
19920
32530
25820
23270
24760
27680
26370
29950
33030
36490
39460
42840
48270
54320
59940
65490
71000

-20ºF. ROOM

The Cold Solutions Program automatically ﬁgures
typical loads. Here are the typical conditions:
Product - In at -10°F.
a) Speciﬁc heat of product is 0.45 BTU
per pound
b) Product loaded in a 24 hour period
c) Freezing point of product is 27°F.
d) Reduce product to -20°F. in 24 hours
e) Pounds of -10°F. product EQUALS room
volume (cu. ft.)
External Temperatures
a) 95°F. on all four walls
b) 115°F. on the ceiling (solar effect)
c) 55°F. on the ﬂoor
Insulation - 4” Urethane
4” urethane on the walls, ceiling, and ﬂoor
with R = 25 and k = 0.16
Inﬁltration - 2 times Average
a) 95°F. air enters room through the door at
50% relative humidity
b) The door openings cause TWICE the number
of air changes listed in AVERAGE AIR
CHANGES FOR STORAGE ROOMS table
Miscellaneous
a) Lighting - One watt per square foot
of ﬂoor area
b) People Load - charged at 1 person per
25,000 cu. ft. of room volume
c) Motors - charged at 1 HP per 12,500 cu. ft.
of room volume
a) Pounds of product is 3 times cu. ft.
b) People load is 1 person
Safety Factor - 10%
10% safety factor is added to the product,