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Q-31 List down the socio economic data needed to evaluate project


Socio-economic data

 are data about humans, human activities, and the space and/or structures
used to conduct human activities
 specific classes include
o demographics (age, sex, ethnic and marital status, education)
o housing (quality, cost)
o migration
o transportation
o economics (personal incomes, employment, occupations, industry,
regional growth)
o retailing (customer locations, store sites, mailing lists)

Aggregate and disaggregate data

 disaggregated data - data about individuals or single entities, for example:

o a person's age, sex, level of education, income, occupation, etc.
o gross sales, number of employees, profit, etc. for a retail store
o registration number and type for a single vehicle
 aggregated data - describing a group of observations with the grouping made
on a defined criterion
o geographical data are often grouped by spatial units such as a census
tract, traffic zone, etc.
o aggregation can also be by time interval
 e.g. number of persons leaving area in 5 years
o also by socio-economic grouping
 e.g. persons aged 5 through 14 years
o examples of aggregated data are:
 number of persons, average income, median housing value for a
census tract
 number of commute trips and average trip length from a
suburban traffic zone to the central business district
Cross-sectional and longitudinal data

 recall from Unit 6

o cross-sectional data gives information on many areas for the same
single slice or interval of time
 e.g. average income in census tracts of Los Angeles for 1988
 e.g. numbers migrating out of each state in the period 1971-75
o longitudinal data gives information on one or more areas for a series
of times
 e.g. average income for State of New York from 1970-1988 by

Q-32 Explain the need and importance of socio economic

• The socio economic survey used to know
• Average monthly income of expenditure of house hold
• Percentage of average monthly income of house hold by types of income
• Percentage of average monthly income of house hold by types of expenditure
• Current income share of households by a unit groups.
• General:
• House hold members (sex, age ,education ,occupation)
• House hold income
• House hold expenditure
• Ownership of high goods
Q-33. Discuss the methodology of conducting socio-economic survey
already done.


• Methodology for a social economic study is be organized and conducted

properly of should be systematic and have minimum bias and allow for
consistent comparison and reasonable judgment. This methodology consists
three main sections.

• Aims to provide comprehensive profile for study site and develop criteria for
socio-economic assessment; this could be attained through background about
both coastal areas consideration and socio-economic assessment.

• Deals with conducting socio-economic assessment, which with identifications

of main issues. In the study site and follow by identification of main positive
and negative socio-economic aspects scoping must be carried out in the public
participation based on:
• probility that on event will occur
• number of people potentially affected
• duration potential affected
• potential for reversibility or mitigation
• socio-economic study intended to provide guide line of the study site such as
• the question should be easy under studies their education and cultural level
• the quotation should be for mutated to be accurately and clearly
• the quotation should be ordered serviceable quotation should be asked
Q-34 Identify the key variables in sample socio economic survey
already done.

• The key variables in socio economic survey are :
• Urbanity
• House no.
• Community
• Personal ID
• District
• Province
• Job
• Village

Q-35 Develop a questionnaire for the SIA of a particular irrigation

or hydropower or water supply project.

• The social impact of Gilgle gibe 3 hydropower project around 253,412 people
were leave their surround from the reservoir area 10% of the wereda
population :
• Agricultural land affected by the reservoir lack of drinking water
• Health problems related to reservoir water such as malaria
• Cultural, religious and historical
• The agricultural land on the downstream can be affected by the over flood
from the upstream water
Look of livestock
Q-36 what is water resource development?


 Water resource development is the development which act on the supplies of

drinking water from variety of different sources and by a variety different
 It is a reference to deal with various aspects of the of the water resources;
structural, navigational, food protection, hydrology, water resources
conservation, and developments of water resources studies.

 . Q-37 Define sustainable development and explain

• Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, this is the
one that is frequently define it.
• “ sustainable is the development that meets the needs of the present
with out compromising the ability of future generations to meet their
own needs.”
• It contains two concepts:
• 1.The concepts of needs: that deals in particular the essential
• needs of the worlds poor to which overriding priority should be
given .
• 2.The idea of limitations: that imposed by the state of social
organizations on the environments ability to meet present and future
needs. technology and

Q-38 .mention the fundamental prerequisites for sustainable
water resource projects for planning construction, operation
and maintenance.


• Maps administrative
• topographic
• hydrology
• soil, isotheral
• surface draw
• Ground data
• Discharge And Recharge
• Aquifers Models
• Ground and surface relationship
• Observation well network
• Surface water data
• Runoff distribution
• Sediment data(suspended and be locoed)
• Flood peat, low flow drought
• Return flow
• Climate data
• Precipitation
• Temperature
• Wind velocity direction
• Compute data
• Area covered

Q-39 List the requirements for the planning of a sustainable water

resource system.

Answer :

• 1.assessment :
• External environment
• Organization
• 2. futures take holder expenditure expectation
• Overall objective
• Purposes
• Establishments/revision
• 3.strategic goals:
• Appraicial→evaluation→alternativestrateges→consensor.strategic
plan(implimentation plan ,detailed tetorial,operational plans ,programmes of
water resources projects basedon concepts ,goals and objectives of the
sponsoring organizations or government.

Q.41 Is sustainable development a fixed state? Comment.

• A fixed stage is not sustainable development because, development that meet
the needs of the present generation without comprising the ability of future
generation to meet their owned. So is not a fixed state has many, but rather a
process of change on which the exploitation of resources, the direction of
investment the direction of technological development of industrial change are
made consistent with future as well as present needs.

Q-42 Distinguish the different types of sustainability?


 There are different types of sustainability:

1 Human sustainability:
Maintain for good reproductive health and save child bearing.
2. Economic sustainability:
Is involves having the set account of capital for certain period.
3 Social sustainability:
It involves through communities and civil society working together.
4. Environmental sustainability:
It is involved within natural resources
Q-43 List the main indicators of project sustainability.


 Project sustainability indicators have been selected for spot light based on
how well they :
 Address the issues of the community’s four types of capital , natural ,human
and social sustainability
 Highlights links between community and economic ,social and environmental
well being
 Foots on a long ranges view are unless standble to the community
Measure local sustainability that is not at the expressed of global