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A.) BACKGROUND 3.

) BEHAVIOR (ACTUAL ACTIONS)


A. DEFENSE AND SECURITY ENGAGEMENT:
1.) DESCRIPTION OF THE ISSUE: PHIL-AMERICAN AFFAIRS
 The Mutual Defense Treaty- Was signed on August 30, 1951, in Washington, D.C. between
 The United States recognized the Philippines as an independent state and established diplomatic representatives of the Philippines and the United States. The overall accord contained eight articles
relations with it in 1946. Except for the 1942-45 Japanese occupation during World War II, the and dictated that both nations would support each other if either the Philippines or the United
Philippines had been under U.S. administration since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898. States were to be attacked by an external party.
 The Philippines and the United States have an enduring alliance that is based on deep historical and
cultural ties. The Philippines gained its independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, and  Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement- The agreement allows the United States to rotate
diplomatic relations were formally established the same day. troops into the Philippines for extended stays and allows the U.S. to build and operate facilities on
Philippine bases, for both American and Philippine forces. The U.S. is not allowed to establish any
PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN AFFAIRS permanent military bases. It also gives Philippine personnel access to American ships and planes.
PHILIPPINE AMBASSADOR US AMBASSADOR TO THE -SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION: Was signed on April 28, 2014. On January 12, 2016,
TO US: PHILIPPINES: the Philippine Supreme Court upheld the agreement's constitutionality in a 10–4 vote. On
Jose L. Cuisia, Jr. (since Sung Kim (since 2016) July 26, 2016, the Philippine Supreme Court ruled with finality that the agreement is
2011) constitutional.
PHILIPPINE EMBASSY IN US: AMERICAN EMBASSY IN
Washington, D.C. PHILIPPINES: B.) BILATERAL TRADE, INVESTMENT, & ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP:
Manila  Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA)- is a trade pact between USA and
Philippines which establishes a framework for expanding trade, investments and resolving
2.) INTERNATIONAL/DOMESTIC CONTEXT outstanding disputes between these 2 countries.
-NOT SURE/DON’T KNOW/INSTRUCTION NOT CLEAR -SAMPLE OF ISSUES RESOLVED UNDER TIFA: Under the TIFA, a Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU) to cooperate on Stopping Illegal Transshipments of Textiles and
Apparel was signed by the Philippines and the United States in 2006.
B.) FOREIGN POLICY OF THE PHILIPPINES IN RELATION TO AMERICAN AFFAIRS -RESULTS:
 As of 2017, US companies are among the largest investors in the Philippines
1.) ORIENTATION (PRINCIPLE) [totaling to about] US$4 billion
The Principle of Philippine Foreign Policy in relation to USA is nurtured by a shared history and adherence  As of February 2017, US was the top market for Philippine exports which grew
to common values, especially in a commitment to: 0.3 percent to US$745.22 million, accounting for 15.6 percent of total exports,
 DEFENSE AND SECURITY COOPERATION data from the statistics agency showed.
 ECONOMIC STABILITY  Partnership for Growth (PFG)- In November 2011, the Government of the Republic of the
 ADVANCEMENT OF FILIPINO IDEALS AND VALUES Philippines and the United States Government agreed to a new Partnership for Growth (PFG) to
address the binding constraints to economic growth and development in the Philippines. The PFG is
2.) PLANS AND COMMITMENTS (GOALS AND NORMS) a "whole-of-government" effort to unlock the growth potential of partner countries to become the
A. DEFENSE AND SECURITY ENGAGEMENT: This aims to bolster the U.S.–Philippine alliance by means of next generation of emerging markets.
entering into a military agreement with the USA in order to strengthen the Philippine security and defense
capability against internal and external threats. C.) A COMMITMENT TO A SOCIO-CULTURAL AFFAIRS:
 People to People- The United States and the Philippines share extensive people-to-people
B.) BILATERAL TRADE, INVESTMENT, & ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP: This aims to strengthen the U.S.– ties. Around 350,000 Americans reside in the Philippines, and approximately 600,000 U.S.
Philippine economic relationship by means of entering into an economic agreement with USA in order to citizens visit the country each year. There are approximately 4 million people of Philippine
ensure economic benefits that will result to economic growth and stability. descent in the United States.
-IMPACT: Filipinos-Americans who have made home in the US but remained tied to the
C.) A COMMITMENT TO A SOCIO-CULTURAL AFFAIRS: This aims to forward the interests of the Filipinos culturally Philippines, and is also evident across sectors such as security, economic and
especially to the Filipino Community who are residing in the USA in order to advance Filipino ideals and political.
values to preserve Filipino identity and culture.
 Educational Partnership- Cooperation in education is also a cornerstone of Philippine-U.S.
relations. The public education system in the Philippines is one of the legacies of American
occupation in the Philippines. Professional and student exchanges between the Philippines and the
United States have expanded over time. The Fulbright Program in the Philippines, established in
1948, is the world’s oldest continuous Fulbright program.