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Page 1 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

Volume 6, Issue 2 June 2010


Woolly Mammoth Exhibit Opens 1
SRAC is forever having people bring in stone objects that
SRAC Logo Items 4 they want us to identify or tell them if they are an artifact.
SRAC Produced DVDs 5 We also have collectors come in often in the spring and
summer months, reach in to their pockets and pull out still
New Imaging Technology 6
muddy arrowheads that they just returned from picking up
Look What’s New at SRAC 7 in a local farmer’s field. To someone who doesn’t live in
Andrew Burns Room Dedication 8 our area, this often sounds strange, but for hundreds of
years, people have walked the river flats around our re-
Early Frontier Jacket Donated 8
gion. You can see them walking the rows after the farm-
The Phone Call 9 ers plow and a gentle rain has made it possible for the
SRAC Coming Events 12
sparkle of flint on the ground to catch their eye.

Recent Activity 14 But they don’t only find arrowheads. Net sinkers, ham-
merstones, drills, sinew stones, and other stone tools are
4th Grade Field Trip 15 often found as well. In some rare cases even highly pol-
Why Donate to SRAC 16 ished or rare artifacts such as bannerstones, birdstones,
or pipes have been found. For instance, an SRAC mem-
Welcome New Board Members! 17
ber told me a few years ago about witnessing another
collector walking a field and picking up a strange artifact
that looked like a “crescent moon shaped blade with a 5-
ow! Go
C online n inch handle.” And just about a year ago another SRAC
Join SRA member brought in the artifact shown here – called a
to www.S mace.
It is approximately 3.5 inches wide and 7.5 inches long,
and has a red stain along its upper distal edge. It clearly
has a shape not unlike ceremonial maces found at Mis-
(Continued on page 2)


In July 1983 a workman was load-
ing a pile of debris which had
been removed from an outlet of
Spring Lake in Asylum Township
• Our Vision owned by the late Walter Newton
and his wife Jane, when he no-
The Susquehanna River ticed what appeared to be an odd
Archaeological Center of Na- shaped piece of wood on the pile.
tive Indian Studies (S.R.A.C.) is It was not a piece of wood, and
dedicated to education, re- was later revealed to be part of
the remains of a woolly mammoth.
search and preservation of the
This discovery brought amateurs
Native American archaeologi- and professionals working side by
cal, cultural and historical assets side on what would later be known
of the Twin Tier Region of by many as the greatest excava-
Northeastern PA and Southern tion in Pennsylvania history.
(Continued on page 5)

The Susquehanna
BecomeRiver Archaeological
a member of Center
SRACof Native
today! Indian
back ~
page for more ~ email
Page 2 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


functional –“crownshaped-head” above a midsection

with semi-lunar projections.”
The most common shaped maces that have been
found to date are made of chipped flint or chert. Sev-
eral identifying features can be seen in the diagram
shown here to include a crown tip, distal end of crown,
crown barb, side point, shank, handle and butt. The
mace that was found locally has all of these features
with the exception of a differentiation between the
shank and handle, as do the maces shown here. In
1976, Brown also noted that this type of mace is a
common form in the Southeast United states and at
that time had been found as far north as Illinois to as
far south as Louisiana.
Jarrell Mace found in Pike County – Lilbourn Mace – found in Madrid After I took several photos of the mace, I zoomed in
Illinois, now in the Illinois State Mu- County, MO, now in the Museum of and looked closer at the image to see if there were any
seum Anthropology, University of Mis- marks or scrapes on it. Instead I found a reddish color-
souri. ing on the upper right distal end of the crown. Accord-
(Continued from page 1)
ing to my research, red ochre (ferric oxide) has often
been found on maces and other artifacts associated with
them . It is important to note that some of these items have
sissippian Mound sites. Some maces like the one found
also been found with a greenish coloration caused by cop-
here can be seen below:
per being found in association with them. J.G.Douglas,
Jarrell Mace: According to the Dickson Mounds Museum in PhD , University of Illinois, states that, “copper, like mica
Illinois, “W.D. Martin discovered the Jarrell mace in 1915 and shell, is tied to sun symbolism because of its reflective
while plowing a field in Pike County next to the Illinois property…and like red, has manitou power when used with
River. Martin's son-in-law, J. F. Jarrell, obtained the mace weapons against supernatural beings.”
and took it to Colorado. It remained in his, then his daugh-
ter's, possession for the next 89 years, despite interest Cultural Affiliation and Use
shown by the Smithsonian Institution and requests from Maces are categorized in the Mississippian (last Mound
collectors to purchase it. With the passing of Virginia Jarrell Builder ) period. Earlier Mound Builder cultures include the
Burke, the heirs of the Jarrell estate decided to return this Adena, who were known for their huge conical mounds,
important remnant of Illinois' prehistoric culture to its home (example, Miamisburg Mound, Miamisburg, Ohio) the
state. On the recommendation of Ray Hopewell culture, known for their
Fraser of Schaumburg, Illinois, the heirs geom etric shaped mounds.
chose Dickson Mounds Museum as a (example Newark earthworks,
repository because of its focus on Missis- Newark, Ohio,) and the Fort An-
sippian Culture and its location (only 60 cient culture, known for their effigy
miles from where the mace was found).” shaped mounds, (example, effigy
Lilbourn Mace: According to my sources mound complex in the Wyalusing
the Lilbourn Mace was found at the Lil- State Park in Wisconsin.) To read
bourn site (23NM38), New Madrid more about these cultures and
watch video tours of their mound
County, MO and is made of Mill Creek
s i t e s , v i s i t m y
Chert. website and
Mace Shapes click the “Types of Mounds” but-
According to James A. Brown of North-
western University, (1976) “The The Mississippian culture (named
“crowned” biface is typically large and for their locations in the Mississippi
appears to represent a particular war club valley region) were known for their
style in polished chipped flint. Consistent temple mound structures , intricate
attributes of this socio-technic artifact are religious practices, and centralized
(Continued on page 3)

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Page 3 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


(Continued from page 2) man, possibly supernatural being, which brandishes a mace
in one hand and a human head in the other.
societal structures, and illustrates the peak of technical and
Strangely, the actual maces represented on the shell gor-
artistic age for the prehistoric period in North America.
gets appear in archaeological record as tokens of value,
The Mississippian people lived approximately from 800 to possessed by people of high rank and used for display as a
1500 A.D. (early European contact.) sign of wealth, dignity and social position. According to
some researchers, they were also part of a prestige goods
The map below shows all of the Mississippian sites known
exchange system used for social status, political power,
to have existed from small temple towns with just a few
and providing military authority to those that possessed it.
temple mounds to Cahokia which is the largest Mississip-
pian site, having many temple mounds and once had a To have been buried with a mace then, would symbolize
population of 10,000 or more people. that particular person’s status and use in the afterlife.
Archaeological Implications and Difficulties of a Locally
Found Mace
By now, I am sure that you can understand that maces are
very rare. For that reason, we are trying to find out as much
as we can about the one that was found in our region.
A complicating factor is that no Mississippian sites have
been identified in our region. Because of this, I have looked
outside of our region for help understand this artifact, and I
want to thank those of you that have sent me information
from around the country, helping me to put this short article
Kevin Sampson from the Dickson Mound Museum in Illinois
referred me to a cache of maces and other blades that was
found in Humphreys County, Tennessee which was said at
that time to be the greatest single archaeological find ever
made in the United States. "This discovery,----was later to
become known as the "Duck River Cache."(reference:
1981, H. C. Brehm, "The History Of The Duck River
Cache," Miscellaneous Paper No. 6, Tennessee Anthropo-
logical Association, p. 1.)
The cache was discovered in 1894 by an employee on a
farm in western Tennessee. The cache contains 46 bifaces
that were flaked into many different forms .The cache was
discovered on a farm owned by Mr. Banks Links. They were
found on land that is described as "having been in cultiva-
tion for many years.” It is also said that red ochre was found
smeared on the items, not unlike the mace that was found
Priests governed the fortified towns. Population centers
were found in river basins, as their culture was sustained by Today the Duck
the cultivation of crops such as corn, beans, squash but River Cache is on
continued to take advantage of the plentiful supplies of local display at the Frank
nuts, fruits, and wild game and fish. The leaders lived in H. McClung mu-
temples atop large earthen mounds overlooking a central seum at Knoxville,
ceremonial plaza. The primary population lived in single Tennessee.
family structures situated on the flat land surrounding the The cache on dis-
mounds. play in McClung
The mace supposedly identified a person of high status and Museum in Knox-
was most likely the axe-like object used in sacrificial cere- ville, Tennessee.
monies. The illustration to the right is a shell gorget that In the bottom center
was found at the Castalian Springs Mound in Tennessee area of the cache
and dates to 1200 – 1450 AD. It supposedly portrays a hu- (Continued on page 4)

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Page 4 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


(Continued from page 3)

display picture you can see the maces found in the Duck
River Cache.
The interesting thing about the Duck River Cache items is
that Native American chiefs valued these ceremonial weap-
ons manufactured by Duck River artisans. Items created by
these master stoneworkers have been excavated at Toqua
in East Tennessee, Etowah in Georgia, Moundville in Ala-
bama, Kincaid in Illinois, and Spiro in Oklahoma. This tells
me that the mace that was found here could also be a trade
item coming from another region of the country.
Associated Artifact
Even more incredible to me was the upper right corner of
the picture of the Duck River Cache (shown here); crescent-
shaped blades with handles – just like I had been told about
a few years ago being found at the same site where the
mace was later found…Like the mace, the crescent shaped
blade is very rare (possibly more rare than the mace) and
was made from chipped flint or chert.
The sad truth concerning the discovery of this blade is that it
actually rarer than the mace – and after it was found – it
was immediately sold for cash. For this reason, it will never
be used as evidence to help us understand this site and the
people who used it, nor can we as a community ever see it logical and historical assets for the communities within the
as evidence of the people who lived here before us. This Twin Tier Region of Southeastern NY and Northeastern PA.
sadly continues to be an ongoing theme for our region. We are staffed 100% by volunteers, and need your support
to keep our efforts going. Please consider supporting our
Stay tuned for more information on these efforts! efforts today.
SRAC is a non-profit organization (501c3) dedicated to edu-
cation, research and preservation of the region's archaeo-


Did you know that you can purchase your own SRAC
logo items? There are a limited number of SRAC logo
items available in the SRAC gift shop, but you can go
online and special order from a large variety of items.
Go to, to place your

Show your support on your chest……..or your

head…..or your coffee mug…….or dog…...and much,
much more!

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Page 5 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


(Continued from page 1) Saturday, April 3rd was one of those nights that will be re-
membered by everyone for a very long time to come. The
SRAC Executive Director Ted Keir, and several other SRAC evening began with the opening ceremony; featuring Wav-
members and Andaste Chapter of PA Archaeology mem- erly Mayor Kyle McDuffee and Pennsylvania State Repre-
bers were there at Spring Lake back in 1983 for this amaz- sentative Tina Pickett. During the opening ceremony Tina
ing moment in history. The excavation was overseen by the Pickett presented Ted Keir with an award in recognition of
Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh, PA; where the remains of his decades of contribution to the education of the areas
the woolly mammoth are to this day. citizens. Later a program of all of the photos that SRAC has
It has long been a dream of the Andaste Chapter of PA Ar- collected in relation to the mammoth exhibition was played,
chaeology to bring this story and its historical significance with Ted Keir discussing each photo as they were shown on
back home. To make this dream a reality, Sylvia Wilson , the big screen. In addition, the newsreel filmed by a Scran-
and the Andaste Chapter leadership submitted a grant re- ton TV station from 1983 was shown. The newsreel really
quest to the Alan Pierce Foundation for the funds needed to struck everyone with the importance of the excavation of the
acquire exact replicas of the 10 foot tusk, teeth, and jaw woolly mammoth at Spring Lake.
bone of the mammoth find.
And finally came the actual unveiling of the exhibit. It was
That request was granted and the project began; beginning
incredible to see the reaction of the many people in atten-
with the tireless efforts of SRAC Board of Directors member
dance, and it was especially inspiring for those that had
Tom Vallilee. Local artists Brian Denlinger, Peter Quilles,
worked so hard for so long to make it happen.
Frank Evans, and Craig and Rita Morey were commissioned
to bring this important moment in local history to life. After
many months of hard work, on April 3rd, 2010 the exhibit
became a dream come true for many!


**You can purchase the Woolly Mammoth DVD that was pre-
sented during the opening ceremony to the speakers and oth-
ers. They are on sale at the SRAC gift shop for just $5.99 plus
tax. If you would like to purchase a copy for home delivery,
send $7.99 (to include shipping) to SRAC Woolly Mammoth Dig
DVD, PO Box 12, Sayre, PA 18840 and don't forget to include
your mailing address.

**Also still available - SRAC's first movie "Glimpses

of Our Past" tells the story of the thousands of years
that man lived in our region and is available now at
SRAC! BONUS: The DVD also includes two full length presentations! $9.99 plus tax at the gift shop, or send $11.99, along
with your mailing address, to SRAC Glimpses of Our Past, PO Box 12, Sayre, PA 18840. All proceeds benefit the Susquehanna
River Archaeological Center.

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Page 6 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

New Imaging Technology Rediscovers Ancient Falcon Effigy Mound

Ted Sojka: Native Earthworks Preservation / Iowa
LIDAR is a new imaging technology that uses lasers to earth carried up these bluffs from the Mississippi bottoms.
measure the elevation of the ground and provides the great- They have layers of different colored soil depending on what
est possible detail of elevations. It can be used to produce the river brought at times when annual or even less regular
three dimensional computer models of archaeological sites maintenance was done centuries ago. Mounds like the
or rock art features, and recently was used to discover a ghost eagle mound along the Wisconsin River bottoms were
new effigy mound in Wisconsin. Good friend, Ted Sojka of so large that they were not discovered until aerial photogra-
Iowa’s Native Earthworks Preservation discusses the recent phy. They were thousands of feet long and did not look like
discovery below: anything until people had a way to view them from above,
and have been confirmed by satellite images.

An archeologist of the Ho Chunk Nation in Wisconsin, who

is himself a Seneca, says these massive earthworks were
like a popup book on the ground, representing things in the
night sky. In the case of this Peregrine, maybe the day sky,
older residents of the area have told Audubon Society mem-
bers that when they were young, before radio and TV, they
watched the falcons chase off eagles from their cliff-side
nests, and dispatch the much larger raptors with great
speed and precision. To them it was entertainment.

The population of migrating birds is growing after years of

help with nesting problems due to DDT used along the river
and in the adjacent farm fields which caused the eggs to
become too thin to hatch naturally. They were collected;
chicks fed by hand until they were old enough to survive
Ted Sojka of Iowa’s Native Earthworks Preservation Pointing at a predators and sometimes even returned to nests or nest
Bird Effigy Mound Below boxes that were placed in protected areas as the numbers
did not allow raccoon and possum to endanger the young
“Here is an example of an earthwork recently found by the birds. After many years they now are breeding on their own,
lidar image process that shows a Peregrine Falcon effigy their DNA is mapped and closely followed. City skyscrapers
mound that is near Cassville, WI. It measures 270 ft wing tip and even coal fired chimneys on power plants were used in
to tip. There are many others here at Effigy Mounds Na- this save the falcons project. (For more information Google
tional Monument in Iowa in the 60 to 100 foot range in width the Raptor Resource Center run by Bob Anderson.)
along with the bears and other animals just a few miles
away. They’re like giant animal crackers made of tons of I think these ancient images like the one just discovered
were in honor of the creators work. A basket of earth up the
steepest hill in your area and you gain an appreciation of
the ancient peoples work. In the 70's I worked with young
students carrying bags of lime to outline some of the
mounds in Effigy Mounds National Monument. A bag of lime
on an Eagle Scout backpack was a daunting task for the
youngsters, and those of us who tried to keep up with them.
We are no longer allowed in mounds; but when this was
done one could actually see tamping marks made by an-
cient baskets in the clay of the layers of the soil in the

The work was done by Dr. R. Clark Mallam of Luther Col-

lege in Northeast Iowa. White outlines were the only way to
see the mounds from the air and see the relationship they
had to each other. A particular group of mounds always re-
minded me of the big dipper constellation. When he was
dying from cancer Dr. Mallam wistfully said these images
were the interface of the world here on earth and whatever
LIDAR Photograph of Peregrine Falcon Effigy
(Continued on page 7)

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Page 7 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

New Imaging Technology Rediscovers Ancient Falcon Effigy Mound cont.

(Continued from page 6) forming the traveler of food, fuel, and lodging. Think on that
awhile and it makes sense.
the world we call heaven, or their native version of this
place. A few years ago the town put in homage to the mound build-
ers to honor what was removed, and Eagle Scouts carried
Think about when food production and gathering was the the earth to make the mound permanent. It was covered in
main job of people who lived in this place 1200 or more Prairie Grasses, and I had the honor and privilege to help
years ago. They would spend much summer hunting time to them design an image similar to the one below. A smoke
do this work as a group. There is plenty of evidence that the ceremony was done to bless the valley by a native descen-
mounds were cleared and sometimes burned before new dant of those who bear the town and counties name. ???
layers were added. They were not built like a dam with said wisely, “that anything that honors those who have
speed in completion as the task like modern methods of hill- walked here before us is a good thing" - Ted Sojka
side erosion pond dams or earthworks. It was ritual work
and some say in the archeological community, that a popu-
lation increase made a surplus of people and summer food
from the river available to create these effigies.

We don't know the whole story and it is very hard to put our
mind sets at the task of interpreting those who lived here a
thousand or more years ago. I was an art educator and just
appreciate the beauty and magnitude of the projects.

In my town we bulldozed some of the mounds back in the

1950's for flood control levees, as we built without the knowl-
edge of how high the water can get. The mounds were built
above the flood plain. I was told they could be seen by trav-
elers on the ancient canoe trails that showed that there was
fish, game, and good water, in the area for the traveler. A
Ho-Chunk archeologist said the mounds in some cases
were like the road signs along the Interstate Highway, in-

Look What’s New at SRAC!

There are always new things happening at SRAC. You are
likely to find something new every time you stop by to visit.
You’ll also find a lot of what’s new in every journal we put
out, and you may have also noticed our presence around
the community on signs directing visitors to our center. The
latest news is that now we are even on television!!!

Woolly Mammoth Touch Screen Movie Kiosk! The SRAC

Mammoth Exhibit
now has a touch-
screen movie ki-
osk that plays sev-
eral videos to edu-
cate the public
about the woolly
mammoth excava-
tion in Asylum SRAC's New TV Commercial! Those of you that get chan-
Township, PA in nel 12 WBNGTV will be seeing SRAC's new TV commercial
1983 as well as - - We have also loaded it up on YouTube so you can play it
about the region's on our website!- -Please share!
prehistoric and
early historic past. commercial.html

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Page 8 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

Andrew A. Burns Room Dedication at SRAC

The SRAC Exhibit Hall
was dedicated to and
named in memory of An-
drew A. Burns during a
recent ceremony at the
Susquehanna River Ar-
chaeological Center
(SRAC) in Waverly, NY.
The Board of Directors and
Barbara Sowinski of
Standing Stone, PA
viewed the plaque in his

An engineer by profession,
Andrew later purchased
and expanded the historic
Three Bear Inn in Mara-
thon, NY. Retiring to
Standing Stone, PA, An-
drew followed another pas-
sion throughout the U. S., Central and South America re- hall, removing, insulating, and replacing the exterior wood-
searching many ancient cultures. Involved in many organi- work on the side and rear of the building, covering the back
zations in Bradford County and a strong supporter of gun windows of the Center with insulation and painted boards to
rights, Andrew donated his estate to the National Rifle Asso- match the remainder of the building.
SRAC’s Deb Twigg commented, “Because of the generosity
SRAC used the donation to complete interior and exterior of Barbara Sowinski, SRAC has finished renovations of the
renovations for the main floor of the Center located at 345 main floor of our Center, and has begun making plans for
Broad Street, Waverly, NY. The gift funded projects includ- the other two floors in the coming year. We’d like to thank all
ing: designing and constructing the display case containing of the people who have supported us through our first two
the replica of an actual tusk and jaw of a locally (Spring and a half years in Waverly, and look forward to many more
Lake) excavated Woolly Mammoth, creating the storyboard, thanks to the support we have received from our commu-
kiosk, and murals for the woolly mammoth exhibit, installing nity.”
new front doors to SRAC, carpeting the lecture hall, repair-
ing a small area on the roof and drain that had begun to SRAC is open from 1-5pm Mondays through Fridays and
leak, fabricating and installing the door leading to the sec- Saturdays from 11am – 4pm. To learn more about SRAC,
ond floor, upgrading the stairs and back doors to the lecture visit

Early Frontier Jacket Donated to SRAC

The Wayne, NY Historical Society recently donated a rawhide jacket to SRAC that is re-
portedly over 150 years old and made by a member of the Cree Indian tribe. The Cree
Indians live in southern Canada and in some parts of the United States; North Dakota and
Montana. The jacket, which is now on display at SRAC was a part of the Edward Wixon
collection in Wayne, NY and will continue with that name at SRAC.

“We want to thank the Wayne Historical Society for thinking of SRAC when they were
looking for a new home for this impressive artifact,” SRAC’s executive director Deb Twigg
stated, “it is the first piece of clothing that we have added to our exhibit and I am sure it
will be a popular piece with our visitors.”

SRAC is located at 345 Broad Street Waverly, NY and is open from 1-5pm Mondays
through Fridays and Saturdays from 11am – 4pm. To learn more about SRAC, visit

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Page 9 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


In April I received a phone call that really made me think
about what matters……and what just doesn't.

You see it seems to me that there are books out there (best
sellers even) about how to "get ahead" in life, how to be a
SUCCESS, and how to make a lot of money. But there
doesn't seem to be a lot written on the art of being true to
yourself, following your life's passions, doing what you said
you would because YOU SAID YOU WOULD, or just doing
what is right for the simple reason that it's the right thing to

Some may attribute this all to the fact that this is the second
year that I had to spend Mother's Day, my birthday, and my
mom's birthday without her all in the same week, (and if you
knew her, you know that is where I gained the values that I
have)....But I will tell you that while losing my mother has point was that he usually charged $5,000 for what I was ask-
been the hardest thing that I ever have dealt with, that the ing him and his boys to do for us, and I remember telling him
phone call that I received last week was indeed the icing on that there was no way that SRAC could afford it...
the cake...
How do I explain what happened next? If I were to be totally
Let's face it... we all know people in our lives that spend their honest, I'd tell you that I wondered if I had caught Derrick
lives trying to get ahead and others that follow their heart after a drink or two or it was that he was as impressed with
and their passions...And sometimes when we lose one of my background and life passion with SRAC as I was with his
the latter, it somehow makes a times even casts a with his boys and his bears...but whatever the answer really
shred of darkness in that space in our hearts that, for lack of was, when I asked him what his bare minimum fee to get
a better term, I’ll call the place where HOPE and Faith in him to SRAC would be - Derrick simply laughed and said,
Mankind still reigns. "My bare minimum for you is spelled "B-E-A-R" - and we are
coming to Waverly."
While my life has been blessed with many that I could say fit
this description, it is at this time that I want to share a story And so it was that we started to plan the "Bears on Broad
with you about a friend of mine that I met just last summer, Street" event.
named Derrick Rosaire.
Talk about trusting someone you just met! - I trusted him
For those of you that do not recall, Derrick, otherwise known enough to even keep it a secret from our board that Derrick
as "the Bear Guy" and his two sons came to SRAC last Au- was admitted to the hospital near Albany and was on IV an-
gust in an event we dubbed, "Bears on Broad Street." tibiotics for an infected leg for several weeks before he was
to come to Waverly! In fact, he "coincidentally" was dis-
I met Derrick in Owego at the County Fair where he and his charged with just enough travel time to make it to SRAC for
boys worked with five bears in a live show that simply our event. (Strangely, none of you who attended the shows
amazed me. After that show I asked Frederick the youngest could have noticed simply because as he and the boys re-
son who stayed out with his bear "Indian" after the show to lated to me that you can never show weakness with bears
ask his father to come out to talk with me. A short time later that are actually predators...)
Derrick in his "Grizzly Adams" attire and mountain man
beard appeared and we discussed my idea of bringing the Even with Derrick sick and everything rushed to get setup
show to downtown Waverly later that summer...He told me that day - it was a great community event that was well at-
that he would get back to me about it, and as I road home tended and was an incredible feat to say the least for even
with Susan and her daughter, Jessica... they both laughed getting a live bear show in downtown Waverly! To see the
at my idea and picked that I was a dreamer, etc...We still slide show from the event go to
laugh about that today... SRAC_Bears_Slideshow/

It was a few weeks later that Derrick and I were back in We actually packed three shows in just one afternoon to
touch on the phone and it was early evening after Derrick make enough $$ to break even, and Frederick laughed
had a long hard day in the sun performing for a fair some- when he told me that the bears were totally confused at do-
where in upstate NY. As I recall - we chatted for a long time ing three back to back shows like we did - and that before
about SRAC, Indians and Bears, and the business side of each new show the bears would look at them as if to say
getting them to perform in downtown Waverly. The sticking (Continued on page 10)

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Page 10 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

The Phone Call cont.

me about not showing weakness in front of a predator, and
then he related a story about Pam's chimps and how he had
limped on a bad ankle once in front of them only to have one
take him out at the knees "like a football player" and have
the rest jump on him and start wrenching on that bad an-
kle....When I asked him how he got them off, he just laughed
and said his sister Pam took care of them...that she loved
them as if they were her children, but she had several belts
in many types of martial arts, and that she kept her role as
the matriarch with her chimps at all times.

Derrick and Frederick chimed in their deep respect for their

aunt Pam who today still trains her chimps - some of whom
she has had their whole lives...over forty years. Derrick went
on to talk about how Pam in adulthood had even taken care
of two rather large fellows in New Orleans one night when
"weren't we just out there?" as they took them back out to they had tried to push her little brother Derrick around.
start again!
As I said before, I had received a phone call that has made
After the day was over and as Derrick Jr. and Frederick me think about all of these things - not least of all what the
loaded tons of donated dog biscuits, fruits and vegetables "successful person" (type A from above) would have called
and breads into their truck along with the bears and all of "a loss" for both the Rosaire's Bears and the SRAC bottom
their stage equipment - Derrick and I chatted about their line for the event that took place last August...but for those
next stop - one that Derrick and the boys were very excited of us that value B.) the art of being true to yourself, following
about - to meet up with his sister Pam and to spend some your life's passions, doing what you said you would because
time with her up in the Catskill mountains. YOU SAID YOU WOULD, or just doing what is right for the
simple reason that it's the right thing to do - I think you know
For those of you that did not see the Rosaire movie that we what my answer would be on the subject.
played before and after the event, Pam Rosaire is also an
animal trainer Sadly, I cannot call or email Derrick to have him comment,
who would because that phone call that I received last week was from
tell you that his distraught son Derrick JR, who called to tell me that his
she trains dad passed away a few months ago of cancer.
possibly the
most danger- At this time, my heart goes out to the entire Rosaire family
ous animal (To learn more about what they as a family do all year
act of them round, visit: ) for the loss
all - older of their husband, brother, and uncle - and to Derrick Jr. and
chimpanzees. Frederick - I send you hugs and prayers. You were blessed
(From what I to have such a wonderful person as your dad and to have
understand, shared such a close relationship with him....I know you are
most trainers going through the worst time in your lives right now, and will
do not train need time to heal.
chimps after
the age of 7 - Staying true to their family roots and their father's wishes,
because that Derrick Jr. also informed me that he and his brother Freder-
is when they ick will continue their Rosaire's Bears show and will even be
get a little trying to work in another stop in Waverly someday.
harder to
handle...)In In the meantime, I have decided start an SRAC/Derrick Ro-
fact, when I saire Memorial Fund and you can donate to it simply send-
asked Derrick ing your tax deductible donation to SRAC/Derrick Rosaire
why he didn't Memorial Fund, PO Box 12, Sayre, PA 18840. I will collect it
limp on his and send all $$ received directly to his kids - who without
infected leg in their dad will have a long haul on the road this summer.
front of the
bears, he told

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Page 11 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

Local Community Development Board Appointment

SRACs Deb Twigg was recently ap-
pointed to the Local Community Devel-
opment Board. The board seat is ap-
pointed by the Tioga County Legislature
and meets every month to discuss op- Contact Us!
portunities and issues surrounding Ti-
oga County Tourism. Deb commented
on her new position stating, "My hope is
that by dedicating time to this board Our Headquarters
that I can represent the eastern portion Mail:
of Tioga County and instill new interests
in developing tourism here." SRAC
PO Box 12
Sayre, PA 18840
Gloria Dick Donates Collection
Gloria Dick recently donated 607-727-3111
the collection that she and
her late husband had spent a
lifetime accruing. Email:
SRAC would like to thank
Gloria for her generous gift, Our Center
and for her trust and faith in Location:
our organization and its mis-
345 Broad St.
Waverly, NY


Online Giftshop:
Gloria Dick with some of the many artifacts from the Dick Collection,
now on display at SRAC.
Online Membership:
SRAC Blog:
Special thanks to the fol- • The Wayne NY Historical • Susan Fogel
lowing for their support: Society • Mary Keene m
• Lincoln Street School • Hal and Janet Lambert • Andaste Chapter of PA
• Diane Menio • Janet Andrus Archaeology Online Donations:
• The Twigg Family • Ted Keir Family
• IBM • Maryann Taylor
• Jack Andrus • Peggy Burkhart Mobile Website:
• Janice Bennett • Chappel Lumber
• Gloria Dick • Dan Johnson

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Page 12 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

Coming Events at SRAC—

SRAC—August– October 2010
Barclay Mountain by Matt Carl - Bradford County Historical Society
When: Tue, August 3, 6:30pm – 7:30pm
Where: SRAC - 345 Broad Street Waverly, NY

Description: "Old Barclay: A History of Coal Mining on Barclay Mountain"

"Old Barclay: A History of Coal Mining on Barclay Mountain" reviews the
story of Barclay Mountain's now deserted coal mining settlements, including
Barclay, Fall Creek, Dublin, Graydon, Foot of Plane, Carbon Run, and Long
Valley. The old methods of coal mining are described and the development
of the incline plane, railroad, and canal system are also briefly discussed.
Matthew Carl is Manager/Curator at the Bradford County Historical Society.
Admission is $5 per adult, $4 for SRAC members and students. Admission
includes entrance to the SRAC exhibit hall.

Stay tuned for additional events throughout the summer!(SRAC Events Calendar)

Don't forget - SRAC members attend all SRAC exhibits for FREE every day and kids who take the SRAC Exhibit Hall Quiz
win a free prize! Join today!

Hours of Operation: Tuesdays - Fridays 1 - 5pm, Saturdays 11- 4pm

SRAC is a nonprofit organization and is staffed 100% by volunteers. Please consider supporting our efforts in whatever
way you can!


Central NY Ghost Hunters

When: Sat, August 7, 6:30pm – 7:30pm
Where: SRAC 345 Broad Street, Waverly, NY

Description: Stacey Jones "Ghost Cop": Top female Paranormal In-

vestigator in USA Stacey was on 2 episodes of "A Haunting" on Dis-
covery Channel; "Hidden Terror" and "Ghost Hunter" She was also on
the series "One Step Beyond"-Discovery Channel, and featured on upcoming episode of "Ghost Adventures", She is also
the lead in upcoming "CNY Spirits" -The CW Syracuse 8/28/10 Stacey gives lectures around the country for colleges, uni-
versities and Paranormal Conferences and founded 1st Paranormal Investigation Team in New York-called the "Central
New York Ghost Hunters" which is the largest group in New York state. She has 25 years experience and CNY Ghost
Hunters have been voted 2nd Best Organization in USA! Don't miss your chance to meet the most experienced paranor-
mal investigator New York state! General Admission: $6, SRAC members and students $4. Admission price includes ad-
mission to the SRAC exhibit hall. Presale tickets are available at SRAC during normal business hours.


PA Andaste Chapter of Archaeology: The Kennedy Site: by Ted Keir

When: Mon, August 16, 6:30pm – 7:30pm
Where: SRAC - 345 Broad Street, Waverly, NY

Description: The "Kennedy site" is the Athens Susquehannock archaeological

site having a large longhouse and village. Historical artifacts were found at the site
that relate the people who lived there to those who were were thought to have left
our region earlier than this site suggests, while other artifacts relate the site to
some of the earlier sites known in Athens. As result, this site and our area has
(Continued on page 13)

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Page 13 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

Coming Events at SRAC—

SRAC—August– October 2010
been thought of by many as the birth place of the Susquehannock warriors - who would become the only tribe that the Iro-
quois would ever fear. Many other interesting facts about this site will be shared on this free night of education presented
by the Andaste Chapter of Pennsylvania and Ted Keir. Admission: Free Admission Night!


Stories from the Natural World - Ed Nizalowski, Newark Valley Historical Society
When: Tue, September 7, 6:30pm – 7:30pm
Where: SRAC - 34 Broad Street Waverly, NY

Description: *Stories From the Natural World*, by Ed Nizalowski, Newark Valley Historical Society The Southern Tier
prior to the Revolutionary War was the realm of Native Americans who took the bounty of the land, soil and forest in ways
that had been developed and sustained for centuries. Although native tribes had altered the environment to suit special
needs, the white settlers who streamed in after the Revolution entered a cornucopia of animal life and plant life all sus-
tained by a forest that offered some of the finest building material in the world. Nizalowski will present how the past 200+
years the transformation that has taken place in the natural world of the Southern Tier has been remarkable to say the
least. Those interested in wildlife can read the first reports of animals making their reappearance in Tioga County including
the white tail deer, beaver, bear, coyote and bald eagle. Three possible sightings of the eastern mountain lion are sure to
be intriguing. Forest history includes accounts of the chestnut blight, Dutch elm disease, wide spread tree plantings in the
first quarter of the century and the development of state forests in the 1930's. Ed has been involved with the Newark Val-
ley Historical Society for over 30 years and has developed a special interest in ethnic, immigrant and minority groups
along with both agricultural and environmental history. Doors open at 6pm. Admission is $5 for adults, $4 for SRAC mem-
bers and students. Admission to the SRAC Exhibit Hall Filled with thousands of local artifacts is free with admission to the


Nasca Plain Drawings in Peru- David Johnson NYSAA

When: Sat, October 9, 2pm – 3pm
Where: SRAC 345 broad street Waverly

Description: David Johnson- 845-454-1860 More information to follow!!!


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Page 14 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

There is always something happening at SRAC! Whether it’s public events, educational programs, regular business
hours, or the many hours spent behind the scenes by our fabulous volunteers, there is always something going on at
the center. Every time you visit, it’s something new!

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Page 15 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2


One of the most fun things that we do at SRAC is to host field trips for the local 4th grades.

This year marked our 5th field trip for Sayre's H. Austin Snyder 4th grade - and we all agree that things just get better
every time, and we can't help but be so very proud of the childhood memories we made for 60 great kids today.

The students were broken up into their three groups, and they rotated through three stations: #1 Ted Keir - "All About
the Woolly Mammoth", #2 Dick Cowles - "Early European Trade", and #3 - Jack Andrus - "Native American Children
Stories." The students all then took the SRAC Exhibit Hall quiz and won prizes. We also want to give special thanks to
McDonald's for giving each student a gift certificate for attending the event!

Most importantly, thank you to everyone who made this event as special as it was - along with Ted, Dick and Jack,
SRAC's Peggy Burkhart, Susan Fogel, and Tom Vallilee and let's not forget three awesome 4th grade teachers, Robin
Munn, Greg Dehahn, and Barb Anderson!

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Page 16 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

SRAC is a 501c3 (nonprofit organization) and all of our funding comes from our membership, the revenues that we can
generate at the Center, and donations from incredible philanthropic organizations such as the Allen Pierce and Mildred
Faulkner Truman foundations and generous individuals like you. Thank you to all of you that have supported us over the
years. We hope that you can understand the importance of our mission and how important your support is for us to con-
tinue to thrive and succeed.

We see every dollar donated to SRAC as an investment in our community. As you learn more about SRAC, we trust that
you will too. Here are a some of the ways that you can help fund SRAC:
Room Dedication Opportunity!
Donors have the opportunity to have the SRAC Lecture Hall dedicated in a manner specified by the donor. This could be
living tribute and/or an eternal memorial, and it is currently available for just one donor for a donation of $25,000 or more.
Contact executive director, Deb Twigg at 607-727-3111 or to learn more.
SRAC Journal Advertising/Sponsorships!
Platinum $500.00 - Our top level of the SRAC Journal sponsorship! With your donation of $500 you will be facilitating
the printing of one quarterly journal. Your donation will be recognized with a full half-page gray-scale or black and white
ad that can measure up to 7 1/2” wide by 5” tall. Donations can also be made at the following levels for ads in smaller
sizes: Gold $100.00 (4 lines of text, up to 35 characters each); Silver $50.00 (3 lines of text, up to 35 characters each);
Supporter $25.00 (2 lines of text, up to 35 characters each); Friend $10.00 (1 line of text, up to 35 characters) Contact
executive director, Deb Twigg at 607-727-3111 or to learn more.

The Leadership Company

The Hollowell Family
234 Main Street
Jan, Christy
Your Town, USA Ryan, Allison, and Tommy

The Johnson Family

In loving memory of our dad John
The Lucky Penny Club

Donate a Local Collection. SRAC supports our local collectors.

Since 2005, SRAC has received ten collections and thousands of local Native American artifacts. We hope that our local
collectors continue to fieldwalk and enjoy their collections. Without them, we would have very little evidence of our Native
Indian past that remains in our community. All we ask is that they consider planning ahead. As many of you already
know, many of our local collections have been lost in the past by ending up at auction houses at which point they were
lost forever. SRAC was founded for this very purpose - to allow our private collectors a place where their collections can
be housed in their name forever when they are ready to consider a new home for them; to consider the community's
need to be able to see them and learn about our Native Indian past, and to allow more research to continue.

For these reasons, SRAC will accept private collections (artifacts, books, etc) or will work with collectors for a future do-
nation of a collection and will preserve and use them to benefit the community in the education of our local history for
many generations to come.

Looking for Instructors! SRAC is looking for Volunteers at SRAC usually volunteer for two hours a week.
instructors for educational, art, healthy liv- If you have two hours to come and have fun with us, please
ing, and exercise classes. Please call Deb call Deb Twigg at 607-727-3111. Anyone who volunteers for 7
Twigg to discuss further at 607-727-3111. hour or more a month gets free admission to all SRAC events!

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Page 17 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2

SRAC Welcomes Two New Board Members!

SRAC is proud to announce the latest additions to the SRAC board of directors, Peg Burkhart of
Sayre, PA, and Mary Keene of Waverly, NY. The additional seats make a total of eleven very
active and talented board members for SRAC.

Peg holds a BS degree in Speech Pathology and Audiology from the Pennsylvania State Univer-
sity and an MS in Education from Elmira College. She also was involved in elementary education
before retirement.

Currently, she is the President of the Valley Library Association representing Spalding Memorial
Library in Athens, Sayre Public Library, and Waverly Free Library. She is also the Vice President
and Sayre representative of the nine member library System Board of the Bradford County Li-

Peg is also the corresponding Secretary and Gift Shop committee chair of the Sayre Historical
Society and member and past president of the Sayre Public Library Board. Newest SRAC Board
Member, Mary Keene
Mary is a local native of Waverly, NY and has been a volunteer at the Center for the past two
years. Mary is also involved with the Garden Club and Altar and
Rosary Society at St. James Church in Waverly where she is very
active. Mary is the only volunteer who took on one full 4 hour shift
(Wednesdays) every week for the past year. She claims that she
does it because she is very interested in the development of
downtown Waverly, and also loves that SRAC gives the Valley
access to educational offerings and a museum based on our pre-
historic past that did not exist before. From the board's standpoint,
Mary already has been a leader for us in so many ways, and we
consider the board appointment will give her the seat with the
other leaders of SRAC that she deserves. Mary also enjoys sew-
ing, gardening, and painting.

Clearly, Peg and Mary both add additional historical, educational, leader-
ship and community experience. As SRAC moves into their next phases
of development, we know that Peg and Mary will be invaluable in helping
us continue to succeed in the future plans. SRAC Board Members Janet Andrus and Peggy Burkhart

Did you know that SRAC was founded in 2005? In December 2007 we bought the building that is now our Center at
345 Broad St., Waverly, NY; and in just over two years, with the support if so many philanthropists and volunteers, we
have renovated what was once an eye sore into a bustling Center with a gift shop, lecture hall, and exhibit hall for our

SRAC operates with 100% volunteer staffing. The people listed below donate hundreds
of hours every month to make SRAC a success. Thank you for all that you do!
We survive because of your efforts!

SRAC Board of Directors SRAC Volunteers

• Deb Twigg • Tom Vallilee • Don Hunt • Beryl Cleary
• Dick Cowles • Janet Andrus • Peggy Burkhart • Sam Ayers
• Ted Keir • Mary Ann Taylor • Mary Keene • Pat Miran
• Susan Fogel • Mark Madill

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Page 18 THE SRAC JOURNAL Volume 6, Issue 2
The Susquehanna River Archaeological Center of Native Indian Studies
PO Box 12
Sayre, PA 18840
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