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MEG 509 OBJECTIVES

01. The ratio of the normal applied force to the area of cross section
of body is called _____________

02. _________ is the property of the body due to which a body


opposes change in its shape or size (or both) when a deforming force
acts on it and regains its original shape and size when the external
force is removed.
(a) Toughness
(b) Elasticity
(c) Plasticity
(d) Ductility

03. The slope of Stress-Strain Curve, within elastic limits is called


___________

04. Young’s Modulus is defined as the ratio of longitudinal stress to


________________

05. Within elastic limits, the ratio of lateral strain to the longitudinal
strain is called ______________
06. Stress developed within the wire at the time of neck formation
when wire breaks is called _____
(a) Yield stress
(b) Breaking stress
(c) Proportional Limit
(d) Permanent Set

07. The internal force in the body which tries to bring the body to its
original shape and size is called as ______

Stress and Strain


08. The substances which break just after the elastic limit are known
as ________ substances.

09. Bulk modulus is defined as the ratio of _____________ to volume


strain.

10. The permanent deformation that remains in the wire on removal


of applied load (force, which is more than elastic limit) is called as
_______________
(a) dent
(b) deformation
(c) kink
(d) Permanent set

11. What is Modulus of rigidity?

12. __________ is the property of the body, due to which a body


opposes change in its shape or size (or both) when a deforming force
acts on it and does not regains its original shape and size when the
external force is removed.
(a) Toughness
(b) Elasticity
(c) Plasticity
(d) Ductility

13. The materials for which stress and strain variation is not a straight
line within elastic limit and strain produced is much larger than the
stress applied are known as _____________

14. The ratio of the normal applied force to the entire area of the
body is called _______________

15. The work done in stretching a wire by applied force is stored in the
form of potential energy. The energy is called _______

16. True or False: The Intermolecular force in a Plastic Body are Large
17. Change in shape or size (or both) of a body due externally applied
force is called _____________

18. The ratio of the change in length to the original length of the body
is called _______________

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19. True or False: Deforming Force is a vector quantity, while Stress is


a scalar quantity.

20. ___________ quantity is a physical quantity which has no specific


direction but different values in different direction.

21. True or False: Deforming Force is applied externally, while Stress is


developed internallt

22. The internal restoring force per unit area is called ______

23. The maximum stress to which a body can be subjected without


permanent deformation is called __________ of that body
24. State Hooke's Law.

Hooke's Law
25. A material body which easily deforms under the action of external
deforming force and does not regains its original shape and size when
that deforming force is removed is called as ___________

26. The ratio of the change in volume to the original volume of the
body is called _________________

27. As per the relationship fill in the blanks:


1. Young's Modulus: It is related to length
2. Bulk Modulus: It is related to volume
3. Modulus of Rigidity: It is related to ________

28. The ratio of the tangentially applied force to the surface area
(parallel to force) is called ___________

29. Searle's Method is used to determine _________


30. A point on Stress-Strain curve beyond which wire elongates
continuously without addition of any load is called _____

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Answers: Multiple Choice Questions and Answers On Strength Of
Materials And Elasticity

01. Tensile Stress or Longitudinal Stress


02. (b) Elasticity
03. Modulus of Elasticity
04. longitudinal strain
05. Poisson's Ratio
06. (b) Breaking stress
07. internal restoring force
08. Brittle
09. volume stress
10. (d) Permanent set
11. It is defined as the ratio of shearing stress to shearing strain.
12. (c) Plasticity
13. Elastomers
14. Volume Stress or Bulk Stress
15. Strain Energy
16. False {They are small}
17. Deformation
18. Tensile Strain or Longitudinal Strain
19. False {Stress is a Tensor Quantity}
20. Tensor
21. True
22. stress
23. Elastic Limit
24. Within elastic limits, stress is directly proportional to strain.
25. Plastic Body
26. Volume Strain or Bulk Strain
27. Shape
28. Shearing Stress or Tangential Stress
29. Young's Modulus
30. Yield Point