KRAIG Entrance Examination [ i

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Kharagpur Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Group
Entrance Examination
Name __________________________________________________________ Hall of Residence (Three Letter Code) ____________ Email ____________________________________

Roll Number 09____ __________

Personal Contact Number _______________________

For official use ONLY Section 0 [

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General Guidelines
0. A total time of 45 minutes will be given to the candidates. 1. The question paper is divided into two broad sections. The zeroth section consists of objective-type questions (please tick the correct answers in the question paper itself) and the first section of subjective-type questions (write down your answers in the space provided). 2. In the zeroth section the questions may have one or more correct options. A question is considered correctly answered when all the correct options have been marked. A question is considered not attempted when none of the options have been marked. The question is considered to be incorrectly answered in all other cases. 3. For every correctly answered question in the zeroth section the candidate is entitled to four points. For every incorrectly answered question in the first section one mark is deducted from the current total. No deduction is made for questions which have not been attempted. 4. Section One consists of subjective questions. Brief write-ups which illustrate the logic behind the solutions are expected. The candidate is expected to underline (or otherwise highlight) the final answers (wherever applicable). 5. This question paper consists of 6 pages. 6. Ironically enough, use of electronic devices during the examination (other than a plain wrist-watch) are not allowed.

Section Zero
Question 0 In a robot LED-LDR sensors are used to detect lines and IR sensors and emitters to avoid obstacles.

1. 2. 3. 4.

The The The The

line and surrounding surface must have high contrast. line and surrounding surface must have low contrast. obstacles can be white in color. obstacles can be black in color.

KRAIG Entrance Examination [ ii ]

Question 1 If you had to build a high-accuracy robotic arm which kind of motor would you use?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Stepper Motor Regular DC Motor Servo Motor Regular AC (induction) Motor

Question 2 Regular DC motors have a high ____ and a low ___. This generally necessitates the use of ___.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Torque, Speed, Speed, Torque, Torque, Speed, Torque, Speed,

Gearboxes. Gearboxes. Pulleys. Pulleys.

Question 3 You may have observed how switches for a staircase light system function. If A and B are the switches present in the lower and the upper floors then toggling exactly one of them will toggle the common light. If the state of the light is a boolean function F (A, B) of the lights then F (A,B) may be

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

A A A A A

.B +B . (NOT B) + B . (NOT A) + B . (NOT A) XOR B

Question 4 Which of the following is (are) comparator IC (s)?

1. 2. 3. 4.

LM339 L293D ATMEGA16 LM392

Question 5 Using a comparator:

1. 2. 3. 4.

Line following can be achieved. Line following cannot be achieved. Analog signals can be converted to digital. Digital Signals can be converted to analog.

Question 6 In IC 7805 the initial ‘78’ stands for the voltage regulation series. The ‘05’ stands for

1. The year of its manufacture.

KRAIG Entrance Examination [ iii ]

2. The maximum input voltage it can take. 3. The output voltage it gives. 4. The factor by which it changes the voltage.
Question 7 Which of the following drives necessarily require(s) a gear mechanism apart from that in the motors?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Differential Drive. Car type Drive. Dual Differential Drive. Pivot-type Drive.

Question 8 A shaft encoder can be made more precise by

1. 2. 3. 4.

Increasing the width of the holes. Adding more holes. Decreasing the width of the holes. Increasing the no. of light sources.

Question 9 Which of the following drive(s) can give a zero turn radius?

1. 2. 3. 4.

Skid Steer Drive Car Type Drive Dual Differential drive. Pivot Type Drive

Question 10 You have to design a fire extinguishing robot. Which of the following will be part/s of your sensory unit?

1. 2. 3. 4.

IR Emitting Diode. Light Dependant Resistor. Comparator IC. LED.

Question 11 Which of the following sensor(s) is (are) suitable for use in an edge-detecting autonomous robot?

1. 2. 3. 4.

LED/LDR Module. Switch i.e. a Bump Detection Module. IR LED/LDR Module. None of the Above.

KRAIG Entrance Examination [ iv ]

Section One
Question 0 Design and explain a shooting mechanism, without the usage of an element with a low Young's Modulus, to throw a ball of diameter 5cm with a decent accuracy. The pick-up mechanism need not be designed.

KRAIG Entrance Examination [ v ]

Question 1 The velocity of the right wheel in a differential drive is A m/s and the velocity of the left wheel is B m/s (assume A > B). Given that the length of the axle is X m then, find out the equation of the curve traced out by the center of the axle.

KRAIG Entrance Examination [ vi ]

Question 2 One fine evening a crazy jailer decides to play a dangerous game with his inmates. He decides to make the inmates stand in a straight line on a flight of stairs (such that each person is able to see every person standing in front of him). He then makes each inmate wear, randomly, hats colored either black or white. That done, starting from the last inmate, he proceeds to ask every inmate about the color of the hat that particular inmate is wearing. If the person answers correctly he is spared otherwise he is killed instantly (and silently). Every inmate is allowed to utter one word, either 'Black' or 'White'. A prisoner can see every prisoner standing in front of him but can ONLY hear the prisoners standing behind him. Specifically he has no way of making out what whether a prisoner behind him is executed or not. The prisoners come to know the gruesome details of this event in the morning itself. Devise a strategy that will help them save the maximum number of prisoners possible. There are N prisoners.

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