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You are on page 1of 97

Paper 1 -- Solutions

1. Let x be the price of high heels, y be the price of facial mask and z be the price of

handbag in dollars.

We have,

5 x + 10 y + 3 z = 1298.20

2 x + 7 y + 8 z = 1158.30

3 x + 15 y + 5 z = 1837.70

Solving, x = 29.9, y = 99.9, z = 49.9

Total cost of gift = 29.90 + 5 × 99.90 + 2 × 49.90 = $629.20

2. (i)

1+1 2

u 2 = 2 u1 = 2 =

1 (2 − 1)!

2 +1 3 3

u3 = 2 u 2 = =

2 2 (3 − 1)!

3 +1 2 4

u 4 = 2 u3 = =

3 3 (4 − 1)!

4 +1 5 5

u5 = 2 u 4 = =

4 24 (5 − 1)!

n

(ii) Hence, we have the conjecture u n =

(n − 1)!

n

Let Pn be the statement “ u n = for all n ∈ Ν ”.

( n − 1)!

1

Since LHS = u1 = 1 = = RHS , so P1 is true.

(1 − 1)!

k

Assume Pk is true for some k ∈ Ν , i.e. u k =

( k − 1)!

k +1

We want to show that u k +1 = is also true

( k )!

k + 1

u k +1 = 2 u k

k

k + 1 k

= 2

k ( k − 1)!

k +1 k +1

= =

k (k − 1)! k!

2

2

200

3. (i) 1st Term, a = π = 10 000π

2

2

3 9

Common ratio, r = =

4 16

10 000π

S∞ =

9

1−

16

160 000π

= = 71 808 cm 2 < 72 000 cm 2

7

(ii) Thickness of nth slab, Tn = 50 − (n − 1)d

Last possible slab, Tn = 50 − (n − 1)d > 0

(n − 1)d < 50

50

d<

n −1

50

d< = 3.846

13

Hence, largest integer d = 3.

(iii) Thickness of nth slab, Tn = 50 − 3(n − 1)

9

n −1

th

16

14 14 9

n −1

n =1 n =1 16

3

= 3 313 324 cm

= 3 310 000 cm3 (3 s.f.)

(ii) xn converges ⇒ x n , x n +1 → L so L = ln L2 + 2

so 2 ln L + 2 − L = 0 so L = α or β as above.

2

(iii) x n +1 − x n = ln x n + 2 − x n .

2 2

From graph, if α < x n < β , ln x n + 2 − x n > 0 ⇒ ln x n + 2 > x n ⇒ x n +1 > x n

2 2

Also, if x n < α or x n > β , ln x n + 2 − x n < 0 ⇒ ln x n + 2 < x n ⇒ x n+1 < x n .

hence x n → β = 5.357 .

3

d y ( x − 1)(2ax + 1) − (ax + x)2

5. (i) =

dx (x − 1)2

dy

For stationary points, = 0 ⇒ 2ax 2 + x − 2ax − 1 − ax 2 − x = 0

dx

ax 2 − 2 ax − 1 = 0

4 a 2 + 4a < 0

4 a ( a + 1) < 0

−1 < a < 0

ax 2 + x 1+ a

(ii) y= = ax + (1 + a ) +

x −1 x −1

y

Asymptotes: y = ax + (1 + a )

x =1

1

− , 0 Axial Intercepts: (0, 0)

a x

(0, 0) 1

− , 0

a

y = ax + (1 + a)

x =1

[Students will not be penalized if they draw the 2 asymptotes intersecting at (1,0)]

4

2

6. (a)(i) y = f (x) y

x

−2 0 1

− 2

(ii) y = f ′( x ) y

x

−1 0 1

(b) y = 2 x −3

↓ C’

y=

2

2 (

1 x −3

)

= 2 x−4

↓ B’

y = 2 ( x + 4)−4

↓ A’

y = 2−x

7. (i) AB = 2 BP

5

1 1

OP = (3 OB – OA ) = 1

2 2

8

5

1 1

(ii) Equation of lAB: r = 2 + µ − 1

1 2

0 2

Equation of l: r = 1 + λ − 1

2 1

1 + µ 2λ

If they intersect, 2 − µ = 1 − λ

1 + 2 µ 2 + λ

λ = 2, µ = 3

Check by substituting into unused equation, 1 + 6 ≠ 2 + 2

Hence they do not intersect.

− 2 1

0 x − 1

2 2

22

(iii) Shortest distance from C to AB = =

6 3

1

1 22

Area of triangle ABC = − 1 = 11

2 3

2

dy dy

Differentiating wrt x: 2(x + 2y)(1 + 2 ) + 6(x − y)(1 − ) = 0

dx dx

dy dy

⇒ 2(x + 2y) + 4(x + 2y) + 6(x − y) − 6(x − y) =0

dx dx

dy dy

⇒ 2x + 4y + (4x + 8y) + 6x − 6y − (6x − 6y) =0

dx dx

dy

⇒ (− 2x + 14y) + 8x − 2 y = 0

dx

dy − 8x + 2y y − 4x

⇒ = = (shown)

dx − 2x + 14y 7y − x

dy 1 − 4(−2) 9

(ii) At point (−2, 1), gradient of tangent is = = =1

dx 7 − (−2) 9

y−1

Hence, equation of normal at (−2, 1) is =−1

x − (−2)

⇒ y−1=−x−2

⇒ y=−x−1

Plotting y = − x − 1 on a graph,

So P = (− 1, 0) and Q = (0, − 1). P

1 2

Hence, area of triangle OPQ = unit

2 −1 Q

−1

6

dy

(iii) When tangent is parallel to the y-axis, gradient =∝

dx

y − 4x

⇒ =∝

7y − x

⇒ 7y − x =0

⇒ x = 7y

Substituting into equation of the curve,

(7y + 2y)2 + 3(7y − y)2 = 27

⇒ (9y)2 + 3(6y)2 = 27

⇒ 81y2 + 108y2 = 27

27 9 1

⇒ y2 = = =

189 63 7

1

⇒ y =±

7

Substituting into x = 7y, equations of tangents are x = ± 7

dy − cos x cos x

Diff wrt x: dx = =− y

1 − sin x e

d y

⇒ ey = − cos x

dx

2

yd y dy dy

Diff wrt x: e dx2 + ey dx dx = sin x

2 2

yd y y dy

⇒ e 2 + e = 1 − ey

dx dx

2 2

dy dy

⇒ + = e−y − 1 (shown)

dx2 dx

d3 y dy d2 y −y dy

(ii) Diff wrt x: 3 + 2 2 =−e

dx dx dx dx

When x = 0, y = ln (1 − sin 0) = ln 1 = 0

dy dy

e0 = − cos 0 ⇒ =−1

dx dx

d2 y 2 0 d2 y

+ (−1) = e − 1 ⇒ =−1

dx2 dx2

d3 y 0 d3 y

+ 2 (−1)(−1) = − e (−1) ⇒ 3 = − 1

dx3 dx

−1 2 −1 3

Hence, y = 0 + (−1)x + x + x +…

2! 3!

1 1

= − x − x2 − x3 + …

2 6

7

1 2 1 3

(iii) From part (ii), ln (1 − sin x) = − x −

x − x +…

2 6

− cos x cos x 1

Differentiating wrt x, = = − 1 − x − x2 + …

1 − sin x sin x − 1 2

x2

(iv) If x is small, sin x ≈ x and cos x ≈ 1 −

2

x2

(1 −

)

cos x 2

So, ≈

sin x − 1 x−1

x2

= (1 − )(x − 1)−1

2

x2

= − (1 − )(1 − x)−1

2

x2

= − (1 − )(1 + x + x2 + …)

2

x2

= − (1 − + … + x + … + x2 + …)

2

1

= − 1 − x − x2 + …

2

Expansion valid for |x| < 1

10. 1 2x 1

∫e e sin x − ∫ e 2 x cos x dx

sin x dx =

2x

(a)

2 2

1 1 1 1

= e 2 x sin x − e 2 x cos x + ∫ e 2 x sin x dx

2 2 2 2

1 2x 1 2x 1 2x

= e sin x − e cos x − ∫ e sin x dx

2 4 4

1 1 1

⇒ 1 + ∫ e 2 x sin x dx = e 2 x sin x − cos x + C

4 2 2

2 1

⇒ ∫ e 2 x sin x dx = e 2 x sin x − cos x + D

5 2

10. (b) When t = -π, x = -2π

When t = π, x = 2π

π

Area bounded by C and the x-axis = ∫ π 2(1 − cos t )[2(1 − cos t )] dt

−

= 4 ∫ (1 − 2 cos t + cos t ) dt

π

2

−π

π cos 2t + 1

= 4 ∫ 1 − 2 cos t + dt

−π

2

π

11

= 4 t − 2 sin t + sin 2t + t

22 −π

1 1

= 4 π + π − − π − π

2 2

8

= 12π

= 4π sq units

Volume of solid

3.84005 1

=π∫ ln y dy + π (1.15995) (5 − 3.84005)

2

1 3

= 8.94 cubic units

11. (a)(i)

[k=0]

[k=1]

[k= –1]

[k=2]

[k= –2]

[k= –3]

(ii)

Im(z)

z2

z4

z1

Re(z)

z6

z3

z5

Equation of circle:

11. (b)(i) z − 3 + 2i ≤ − 2 3 + i

z − (3 − 2i ) ≤ 12 + 1

z − (3 − 2i ) ≤ 13

9

Circle, center (3, -2), radius

(3, -2)

(6, -5)

Catholic Junior College

H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination 2010

Paper 2 -- Solutions

Section A

1. 2

2 x + 4 x − 70

−1 ≥ 0

x 2 + 4 x − 77

2 x 2 + 4 x − 70 − x 2 − 4 x + 77

≥0

x 2 + 4 x − 77

x2 + 7

≥0

x 2 + 4 x − 77

x2 + 7

≥0

( x + 11)( x − 7)

Since numerator is always positive, we can consider

( x + 11)( x − 7) > 0

x > 7 or x < −11

Substitute x with e x ,

∴ e x > 7 or e x < −11 (N.A.)

∴ x > ln 7 or 1.95 (3 s.f.)

2. 1 2 2

(a)(i) Normal of p1 = 1 x − 1 = 1

1 1 − 3

− 1

Direction of l1 = 1

1

2 − 1

1 . 1

− 3 1

Angle between l1 and normal of p1 = cos −1

= 128.1

o

(4 + 1 + 9)(1 + 1 + 1)

o o o

Hence angle between l1 and p1 = 128.1 – 90 = 38.1

3.75 4

4 x − 15 5

(ii) 0 and − 0.5 are two points on the line = y; z=

2 .5 2 .5 − 2 2

Substituting each point into equation of plane,

3.75α + 2.5β = 1 …. (1)

1

3.25α + 2.5β = 0 …. (2)

α = 2, β = – 2.6

2

Normal of p 3 = b

1

− 0 .5

Direction vector of l 2 = 1

0

2 − 0 .5

b . 1 = 0; b = 1

1 0

Eqn of plane p 4 containing line l 2 is

2 3.75 2

r. 1 = 0 . 1 = 10

1 2 .5 1

10 1 3 6

Distance between l 2 and p3 = − =

6 6 2

(ii) fh exists if Rg ⊆ (0, ∞) . Hence ln( x − 3) > 0 ⇒ x > 4 hence least a = 4.

2

fh : x a ln( x − 3) + , for x > 4

ln( x − 3)

(iii)

y

2 y=x

y = x+

x

( 2, 2 2 )

(− 2 , − 2 2 )

Rf = (−∞, − 2 2 ] ∪ [2 2 , ∞)

2

Since the line y = c (candidates should indicate a horizontal line where c > 2 2 or

c < −2 2 ) cuts the graph twice, f is not 1-1 and hence f-1 does not exist.

the least value of k = 2 .

dy

4. (a) Since y = x and =1,

dx

x2 + x2

LHS = 1 = = RHS

2 x2

(b) y = ux

dy du

=u+x

dx dx

du x 2 + u 2 x 2

u+x =

dx 2 x (ux )

du 1 + u 2

u+x =

dx 2u

2

du 1 + u

x = −u

dx 2u

du 1 + u 2 − 2u 2

x =

dx 2u

du 1 − u 2

x = ( shown)

dx 2u

2u 1

∫ 1 − u 2 du = ∫ x dx

− 2u 1

∫ 1 − u 2 du = −∫ x dx

ln(1 − u 2 ) = − ln x + C

A

1 − u2 =

x

A

u2 = 1−

x

2

y A

2

=1−

x x

2 2

y = x − Ax

(c)

d 2x

= 4ae − 2t

dt 2

dx

= −2ae − 2t + C

dt

x = ae − 2t + Ct + D

3

Since entire population is wiped out by the disease eventually, as

Hence, C = 0, D = 0.

∴ x = ae −2t

a represents the initial population of the fish (in thousands).

x = 2e −2 t

x = e −2t

Section B

5. (a)(i) No. of ways = 6! = 720

(ii) No. of ways = 26 = 64

(iii) No. of ways = 6 C1 + 6 C 2 + 6 C 3 + 6 C 4 + 6 C 5 + 6 C 6 = 63

No. of ways = 8 C 5 = 56

Case 2: Daen and Vera in the group

No. of ways = 8 C 3 = 56

Case 3: Vera in the group without Daen

No. of ways = 8C 4 = 70

Total no. of ways = 56 + 56 + 70 = 182

4

6. (i)

0.02 Deformed

Supplier A

p

0.98 Not deformed

0.03 Deformed

1–p

Supplier B

1

(ii) p =

3

P(fish-ball is deformed) = 0.02 p + 0.03(1 − p )

0.02 0.03(2)

= +

3 3

0.08

=

3

2

=

75

(iii)

f( p ) = P(supplied by B | it is deformed)

P(supplied by B and is deformed)

=

P(it is deformed)

(1 − p )(0.03)

=

(1 − p )(0.03) + ( p )(0.02)

(1 − p )(3)

=

(1 − p )(3) + ( p )(2)

3(1 − p )

=

3− p

(−1)(3 − p ) − (−1)(1 − p )

f ' ( p ) = 3

(3 − p ) 2

−6

=

(3 − p ) 2

−6

∴ f ' ( p) = 2

< 0 ∀p ∈ [0,1] since (3 − p ) 2 > 0 ∀p ∈ [0,1]

(3 − p )

This means that as a larger proportion of fish-balls are supplied by A, it is less likely

that a randomly chosen deformed fish-ball is supplied by B.

5

7. (i) Let X be the no. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 4 months.

4

∴ X ~ Po

3

P(X ≥ 2) = 0.3849400 = 0.385

(ii) Let Y be the no. of 4-month periods, out of 12, in which the particular residential

area is flooded at least twice.

P(X ≥ 2) = 0.3849400

∴ Y ~ B(12, 0.3849400)

P(Y ≤ 5) = 0.704

(iii) Let X be the no. of times the particular residential area is flooded in 5 years.

∴ X ~ Po (20 )

∴ X ~ N (20,20) approximately

= 0.983

(iv) Let Y be the no. of years, out of 40, in which there are at most 3 floodings.

∴ Y ~ B(40, 0.433470)

Y ~ N(17.3388, 9.82295) approximately

⇒ P(Y ≥ n – 0.5) < 0.8

⇒ P(Y ≤ n – 0.5) > 0.2

⇒ n – 0.5 > 14.7010

⇒ n > 15.2010

Least n = 16

8. Let r.v. A be the mass of a snapper fish and r.v. B be the mass of a pomfret fish.

A ~ N(1, 0.12); B ~ N(0.6, 0.052)

(a)(i) A1 + A2 + A3 + B1 +B2 ~ N(4.2, 0.035)

P[A1 + A2 + A3 + B1 +B2 > 4.5] = 0.0544

P[A1 + A2 + A3 – 2B > 1.85] = 0.401

P[12A + 7( B1 +B2) > 21] = 0.322

12(A1 + A2 + …+ An) + 7(B1 +B2 + ….+ B15 – n) ~ N(63 + 7.8n, 1.8375 + 1.3175n)

6

P[12(A1 + A2 + …+ An) + 7(B1 +B2 + ….+ B15 – n) > 150 ] < 0.7.

Largest n = 11

9. (a)

Arts Science Total

Boys 75 320 15

× 30 = 2.81 ≈ 3 × 30 = 12

800 800

Girls 145 260 15

× 30 = 5.4375 ≈ 5 × 30 = 9.75 ≈ 10

800 800

Total 8 22 30

(b) ∑ x = 4537, ∑ ( x − x ) 2

= 4825.62

4537 1

µˆ =

50

= 90.74, σˆ 2 =

49

∑ ( x − x ) 2 = 98.48204

98.48204

X ~ N (90.74, ) approx by CLT.

60

P(90 < X < 100) = 0.718

10. (i) Let X be the random variable the length of one random metal rod.

Since sample size n = 8 is small and population variance is unknown,

we assume X is normal and use t-test.

H0 : µ = 14 cm

H1 : µ > 14 cm

At 4% level of significance, reject H0 if p-value < 0.04

− Σx 113.40

x = = = 14.175

n 8

2

2 1 2 (Σ x) 1 113.402 11

s = [Σx − ] = [1607.72 − ]= = 0.0392857143

n−1 n 7 8 280

−

x − µ0 14.175 − 14

Test-statistic, t = = = 2.497271238

s 0.0392857143

n 8

From GC, t = 2.497271238

p = 0.020578114

Since p-value < 0.04, we reject H0

and conclude that at 4% significance level there is sufficient evidence that the mean

length of the metal rods is more than 14 cm i.e. complaint is valid.

Assume X is normal.

It means that there is a 0.04 probability of wrongly concluding that the mean length of

the metal rods is larger than 14 cm when in fact it is 14 cm.

7

n 9 9

(ii) In this case, s2 = [sample variance] = [0.2002] = 0.045 or

n−1 9-1 200

− −

x − µ0 x − 14

test-statistic, T = =

s 0.045

n 9

Since complaint not valid, do not reject H0, p-value > 0.04

−

x − 14

⇒ < invT(1 − 0.04,8)

0.045

9

−

x − 14

⇒ < 2.004151525

0.045

9

−

⇒ x < 14.14171491

−

⇒ x < 14.14 (to 2 d.p.)

(ii)

$5000, y

% of graduates, x

model of the form y = a + b ln x .

8

(v) y = −35.4 + (22.3) ln 84 = 63.4

(vi) Since x does not lie within the data range, extrapolation will make the estimate

unreliable.

9

Dunman High School

2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740) Preliminary Examination Paper 1

Suggested Solutions

Qn Suggested Solution

1 1− x 1 x

−1

= (1 − x) × 1 +

2+ x 2 2

1 x x x

2

= − 1 − + + ...

2 2 2 2

1 1 1 1 1

= − x − x + x 2 + x 2 + ...

2 2 4 4 8

1 3 3 2

= − x + x + ...

2 4 8

x

Valid values of x: < 1 ⇒ −2 < x < 2

2

2 n

1 n +

Let Pn be the proposition .

r =1

When n = 1:

1

1 1 1 1 1

LHS =

r =1

+

Assume Pk is true for some k ∈ ,

k

1 k

i.e.

r =1

to prove Pk +1 is true,

k +1

1 k +1

i.e.

r =1

k +1

∑ (2r + 1)(2r + 3)

1

LHS =

r =1

k

1 1

=

r =1

1

k 1

= +

3(2k + 3) (2k + 3)(2k + 5)

k (2k + 5) + 3

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

2 k 2 + 5k + 3

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

(2k + 3)(k + 1)

=

3(2k + 3)(2k + 5)

k +1

= = RHS (shown)

3(2k + 5)

∴ Pk is true ⇒ Pk +1 is true

for n ∈ + .

n 1

=

3(2n + 3) 3

3 2 +

n

1 1

∴ as n → ∞, →

3 6

3 2 +

n

2

3(i) n2 − 4n + 5 = (n − 2)2 − 4 + 5

= (n − 2)2 + 1

3(ii) N

2

∑ n + 1 − n 2 − 4n + 5

n =3

N

2 2

= ∑ n + 1 − ( n − 2) + 1

n =3

= 32 + 1 − 12 + 1

+ 42 + 1 − 22 + 1

+ 52 + 1 − 32 + 1

M M

M M

+ ( N − 2) 2 + 1 − ( N − 4) 2 + 1

+ ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − ( N − 3) 2 + 1

+ N 2 +1 − ( N − 2) 2 + 1

= N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 2

3(iii)

N 2 + 1 + ( N − 1) 2 + 1 − 5 − 3

= ( N + 1) 2 + ( N − 1 + 1) 2

= N +1+ N (since N >0)

= 2N +1

4(i) 0 0 3

Area of R = ∫ y dx = ∫ x 3 + 1 dx =

−1 −1 4

1

y = 1 + x3 ⇒ x = ( y − 1) 3

1 b

b b3 4

Area of S = ∫ x dy = ∫ (y -1) dy = ( y − 1) 3

3

2 2 4 2

3 4

= ( b − 1) 3 −1

4

Equating and solve for b:

3 4

3

( b − 1) 3 −1

=

4 4

3

⇒ b = 1 + 2 4 = 2. 68 (3 s.f.)

4(ii) 1

For y =b , x = ( b − 1) 3 = 1. 1892 = k (say)

3

Volume required

2 k

= π b k − 2 (1) − ∫1 ( x + 1) dx

2 3 2

= 3. 53π (or 11.1) (unit cube)

→

→

AB = λ BC

b − 2 3−b

7 −3 = λ 5− 7

2−a 1 − 2

i.e. λ = −2, a = 0, b = 4

5(ii)

→

→

If OA is perpendicular to OB , then

→

→

OA OB = 0

2 b

3 7 = 0

a 2

i.e. 2b + 21 + 2a = 0

2 3

3 5

a 1

= cos 60ο

13 + a 2 35

2(6 + 15 + a ) = 13 + a 2 35

31a 2 − 168a − 1309 = 0

a = 10 (nearest int.) or a = −4 (nearest int.)

b = −20 (nearest int.) b = −6 (nearest int.)

His claim is not necessarily true since points O, A, B and C may not be coplanar.

6(a) et 1

∫ ∫ 3e (1 + 3e )

t t −2

t 2

dt = dt

(1 + 3e ) 3

(1 + 3et ) −1 1

= +c = − +c

−3 3(1 + 3et )

4

6(b) 1 2

∫ x3 sec2 ( x 2 ) dx =

2 ∫

x 2 x sec2 ( x 2 ) dx

1 2

x tan ( x 2 ) − 2 x tan ( x 2 ) dx

∫

d

dx

( )

tan ( x 2 ) = 2 x sec 2 ( x 2 ) =

2

1

= x 2 tan ( x 2 ) − ln sec ( x 2 ) + c

2

6(c) 4

∫ 0

x 2 x − 3 dx

3 4

=−

∫ 0

x 2 ( x − 3) dx +

∫ 3

x 2 ( x − 3) dx

3 4

x4 x4

= − − x3 + − x3

4 0 4 3

27

= or 13.5

2

7(i) No. The statement is not always true. It applies only for (polynomial) equation in z

with real coefficients.

7(ii) z 4 + 3+ i = 0 ⇒ z 4 = − 3 − i

5π

− i

4 6

⇒ z = 2e

1 1 5π 1 (12k −5)π

i ( − + 2 kπ ) i

z=2 4

e4 6 =2 e 4 24

, k = 0,1, 2,3

1 5π 1 7π 1 19π 1 17 π

-i i i -i

∴z = 2 e 4 24 4

or 2 e 24 or 2 e 4 24 or 2 e4 24

7(iii) Im

Z2

Z3

L

Re

O

Z1

Z4 L

1

2 2 4 2

Pythagoras Theorem: L = 2|z| =2(2 ) = 2 2

5

8(i) ON = 36 − x 2

1

A = 2 × × (12 + 2 x ) 36 − x 2

2

= 2 ( 6 + x ) 36 − x 2 Q 2x R

N

6 6

P 6 • 6 S

O

U 2x T

8(ii) dA 1 2x

= 2 36 − x 2 + 2 ( 6 + x ) −

dx 2 36 − x 2

72 − 2 x 2 − 12 x − 2 x 2

=

36 − x 2

4 (18 − 3x − x 2 )

=

36 − x 2

4 ( 6 + x )( 3 − x )

=

36 − x 2

dA

For maximum A , = 0 : x > 0 ⇒ x = 3 cm

dx

d d d 1 dx 1

( QR ) = ( 2 x ) = 2 ( x ) = − ⇒ =−

dt dt dt 10 dt 20

dA 4 ( 8 )(1)

When x = 2, = = 32 = 4 2

dx 32

dA dA dx

= ×

dt dx dt

1

= 4 2 ×−

20

2

=− cm 2 s −1

5

2

A is decreasing at the rate of cm s −1.

5

6

9(a) y = ln(1 + e x )

(i)

⇒ e y = 1 + ex

d dy

: ey = ex

dx dx

dy

⇒ = e x− y

dx

d d2 y dy

: 2

= e x − y 1 −

dx dx dx

2

d y dy dy

⇒ 2 = 1 − (shown)

dx dx dx

9(a) dy 1 d 2 y 1

(ii) When x = 0, y = ln 2, = , =

dx 2 dx 2 4

1 2

x

1

y = ln 2 + x + 4 + ...

2 2

1 1

= ln 2 + x + x 2 + ...

2 8

9(a) x

x2

(iii) ln(1 + e ) = ln 1 + 1 + x + + ...

2

x2

= ln 2 + x + + ...

2

x x2

= ln 2 + ln 1 + + + ...

2 4

2

x x2

+

x x2 2 4

= ln 2 + + − + ...

2 4 2

x x2 1 x2

= ln 2 + + − + ...

2 4 2 4

1 1

= ln 2 + x − x 2 + ... (verified)

2 8

9(b) 10 tan x − 3 = cos 2 x

2

10 x − 3 = 1 −

( 2x)

2

⇒ x + 5x − 2 = 0

2

−5 ± 52 − 4(−2)

∴x =

2

−5 + 33

= (rej -ve as x is small)

2

7

10(a) π

(i) x = eθ cos θ , y = sin θ + cos θ , 0 ≤θ ≤

4

dx dy

= eθ (cos θ − sin θ ), = cos θ − sin θ ,

dθ dθ

dy dy dx

= / = e-θ

dx dθ dθ

At (eθ cos θ ,sin θ + cos θ ), the equation of the tangent is

( y − sin θ − cos θ ) = e-θ ( x − eθ cos θ ),

π

Set θ = ,

6

π π

π

3e 6 3 + 1 3 1 - 3e 6

at ( , ) , the equation of the tangent is ( y − − ) = e 6 (x − ),

2 2 2 2 2

π

- 1

y=e 6x+

2

(ii) π

A = ∫ 4 (sin θ + cos θ ) eθ (cos θ − sin θ ) dθ

0

π

= ∫ 4 eθ (cos 2 θ − sin 2 θ ) dθ

0

π

= ∫ 4 eθ cos 2θ dθ ( shown)

0

= 0.68 (2 d.p.)

10(b)

(i)

y

y = f '( x)

x

-2 O

x=2

8

10(b)

(ii)

y

1

y=

f(x)

A’(-2, 0.5)

2 x

O

11(a) a 1

=

1− r 2

2a = 1 − r

r = 1 − 2a

⇒ 1 − 2a < 1

−1 < 1 − 2a < 1

1

0 < a < 1, a ≠ (since r ≠ 0)

2

11(b) r

N N1 N

∑ Tr = ∑ 2 + ∑ 2r ln 3

r =1 r =1 3 r =1

N

1

1−

= × + N ( N + 1) ln 3

1 9

9 1

1−

9

1 1

N

= 1 − + N ( N + 1) ln 3

8 9

11(c) Volume of whole cake

(i) = a 2 h + (0.9a ) 2 h + (0.9 2 a ) 2 h + (0.93 a ) 2 h + (0.94 a ) 2 h

= (1 + 0.92 + 0.94 + 0.96 + 0.98 ) a 2 h

[1 − (0.92 )5 ] 2

= a h

1 − 0.92

= 3.4280a 2 h

9

Cost of whole cake

= $3.4280 × 200

= $686 (nearest dollar)

11(c) 5

2(d 2 ) + (5 − 1)(−d ) = 75

(ii) 2

d 2 − 2d = 15

(d − 5)(d + 3) = 0

d =5 or d = −3 (rej. since d >0)

10

Dunman High School

2010 Year 6 H2 Mathematics (9740)

Preliminary Examination Paper 2 Suggested Solutions

SECTION A

1 ( z − 1 + i)( z * − 1 − i) = 2

2

z −1+ i = 2

z −1+ i = 2

i.e. A circle with centre (1,–1) and radius 2. (shown)

Im

A

O Re

2

D

C(1,-1)

x=1.5

(i) AB = 2 AD

2

2 1

=2 ( 2) −

2

= 7

(ii) Complex numbers represented are

3 7 3 7

+ − 1 i and − + 1 i.

2 2 2 2

Cartesian equation of the perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining A and B is y = − 1.

Since any two distinct points on the circumference of the circle are equidistance from the

centre C, hence perpendicular bisector of the line segment joining these points must pass

through C.

1

2(i)

y

y=a

O x

2

x = −a

Recommended

(1)From the graph above, any horizontal line y = b, b ∈ cuts the graph of f at most once,

therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.

OR

(2)From the graph above, any horizontal line y = b, b ≠ a , cuts the graph of f exactly once,

therefore f is one-one and the inverse of f exists.

(ii) ax

y= 2

, x ≠ −a 2 ,

x+a

xy + a 2 y = ax

a2 y

x= , y ≠ a,

a− y

a2 x a3

f −1 : x a , x ≠ a, or f −1 : x a − a 2 , x ≠ a,

a−x a−x

(iii) Rg = [− a 2 , ∞), Df = \{−a 2 },

∴ Rg ⊄ Df ,

thus fg does not exist

2

(iv) Method 1(Recommended)

f( x) = f −1( x)

⇒ f( x) = x

ax

⇒ =x

x + a2

⇒ x 2 + a 2 x − ax = 0

⇒ x( x + a 2 − a ) = 0

⇒ x = 0 or x = a − a 2 .

f( x) = f −1( x)

ax a2 x

⇒ =

x + a2 a − x

⇒ ax( a − x ) = a 2 x( x + a 2 )

⇒ ax[( a + 1) x + ( a 3 − a )] = 0

⇒ ax[( a + 1) x + ( a 3 − a )] = 0

a − a 3 −a ( a 2 − 1)

⇒ x = 0 or x = = = −a ( a − 1) = a − a 2 .

a +1 a +1

3(i) dV 1 8 1 V3 −8

= (V − 2 ) = ( 2 )

dt 60 V 60 V

2

V dV 1

⇒ 3

=

V − 8 dt 60

1 1

⇒ ln | V 3 − 8 |= t + C '

3 60

t

+ C ''

⇒ | V 3 − 8 |= e 20 , C '' = 3C '

t

⇒ V 3 − 8 = Ae , 20

A = ±eC ''

When t = 0, V = 1,

⇒ A = −7,

t

3

⇒ V = 8 − 7e 20

V

1

8 t

20ln( ) or 2.67

7

3

(ii) d 2V

2

= 12t 2 − 2

dt

dV

⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t + C1

dt

dV

When t = 0, = 0, ∴ C1 = 0

dt

dV

⇒ = 4t 3 − 2t

dt

⇒ V = t 4 − t 2 + C , C is a constant.

V = t4 − t2 + C

1 1

= (t 2 − ) 2 + (C − )

2 4

V 1

(I)C >

4

C

C (II)C ≤

1

4

t

(iii)

1

When t = 0, V = 1, then C2 = 1 > .

4

Therefore given the above initial condition, Bob’s model corresponds to solution curve type

(I) in part (ii).

Therefore in Bob’s model, the volume of water approaches infinity in the long run (not

realistic) whereas in Andy’s model, the volume of water reasonably diminishes to zero in the

long run/after some time.

4(i) 2 1

4 3

1 1

n1 n1 15

cos θ = = =

| n1 || n 2 | 21 11 21 11

∴θ = 9.3o.

4

(ii) 1

d = n1 × n 2 = −1

2

Set z=0,

2 x + 4 y = 10

x + 3y = 8

⇒ x = −1, y = 3

−1 1

∴ l1: r = a1 +α d1 = 3 + α −1 , α ∈ .

0 2

Alternative

2 x + 4 y + z = 10

x + 3y + z = 8

Let z = t ∈ ,

⇒ 2 x + 4 y = 10 − t

x + 3y = 8 − t

t t

⇒ x = −1 + , y = 3− ,

2 2

−1

1

t

∴ l1: r = 3 + α −1 , α= ∈

0 2 2

(iii) Since the point with co-ordinates (6,m.5) lies on the first plane,

a d1 = D1

6 2

⇒ m 4 = 10

5 1

⇒ 12 + 4m + 5 = 10

7

⇒m=− .

4

(iv) 2 2

l2 : r = a 2 +β d 2 = m + β 0 , β∈ .

7 −1

1 2

d1 d 2 = −1 0 = 2 − 2 = 0 (independent of the value of m)

2 −1

5

SECTION B

Identify and categorise the parents into mutually exclusive sub-groups according to

education levels. Set a quota, i.e. a target number of respondents for each group where the

total adds up to 80.

Poll respondents on a first-come-first-serve basis, say, when the parents arrive at school in the

morning with their children, until the number for each category is filled.

(ii) Stratified sampling is more representative in terms of the proportion of parents’ educational

qualifications in each category.

(iii) 420

× 80 = 14

2400

6(i)

x

(ii) 260.56

From GC, regression line x = −37.612 +

t

ie, a = −37.6 , b = 261 ( 3 sig fig )

1

Suggested model between x and is a better fit with |r |= 0.930 > |r|= 0.860 for the linear

t

model between x and t.

(iii)

260.56

x = −37.612 + = 78.9

5.0

t = 5 lies outside the data range of t , thus model may not be valid and estimate not likely to be

reliable.

6

7(i) Let J be the event where Mylo wears a jacket and T be the event where Mylo wears a tie.

P(T J ) = 0.6

P(T ∩ J )

= 0.6

P( J )

P(T ∩ J )

= 0.6

0.2

P(T ∩ J ) = 0.6 × 0.2 = 0.12

(ii) P(T ∪ J ) '

= 1 − P(T ∪ J )

= 1 − [ P (T ) + P( J ) − P(T ∩ J )]

= 1 − ( 0.4 + 0.2 − 0.12 )

= 1 − 0.48

= 0.52

(iii)

0.8 J

J

0.4 0.2 J'

J 0.4 J

0.2 0.6

J'

0.6 J'

0.4 J

0.8 0.2 J

J' 0.6 J'

0.2 J

0.8

J'

0.8 J'

Mon Tue Wed

Required Probability

P ( J 3 ∩ J1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 )

=

P ( J 3 ∩ J 1 ) + P ( J 3 ∩ J 2 ) + P ( J1 ∩ J 2 )

(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) + (0.8)(0.2)(0.4)

=

(0.2)(0.6)(0.4) + (0.8)(0.2)(0.4) + (0.2)(0.4)(0.2)

0.048 + 0.064

=

0.048 + 0.064 + 0.016

0.112

=

0.128

= 0.875

7

8(i) Number of ways = 10!(5) = 18144000

(a)

(b)

S S S S S S

Number of ways or

= ( 6!)( 5!)( 3) = 259200 =(5!)6 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 3 ⋅ (3!) = 259200

(a) = ( 4!)( 5!) = 2880

(ii) Case One: 8 Questions (4M and 4S) between B and K

(b) B K

4! 5

( 4!)

4

B K

4 5!

( 3!)

3

B K

4! 5!

Number of ways

4 5

= ( 3!)( 5!) + ( 4!)( 4!) + ( 5!)( 4!)

3 4

= 2880 + 2880 + 2880

= 8640

8

9(i) Let u = x − 100

∴ ∑ u = 50 , ∑ u 2

= 4008

x = u + 100 = 4.16667 + 100 = 104.17 104 (3 s.f .)

1 50 2

s2 = 4008 − = 345.42 345 (3 s.f .)

11 12

(ii) To test H0: µ = 115

against H1: µ < 115

Use t-test since σ2 is unknown and sample size of 12 is small

X − 115

under H0, T = ~ t (11).

345.42/12

From GC, p-value = 0.0342

Since p-value =0.0342< 0.05, there is sufficient evidence to reject H0 at the 5% level of

significance and conclude that the mean IQ score is less than 115, hence the manufacturer’s

claim is disputable.

(b) For 2-tailed test, p-value =2(0.0324) =0.0684 > 0.05. H0 will not be rejected. The

conclusion would be different.

10 Let X be the number of unsolicited text messages received in a day.

(i) X Po 5 ( )

7

P( X = 2) = 0.125 (3 s.f.)

(ii) Let Y be the number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in a week.

Y Po ( 8 )

P(Y ≤ 10) = 0.816 (3 s.f.) (shown)

(iii) Let W be the number of weeks where receives more than 10 unsolicited text messages or

phone calls in a week out of 10 weeks.

W B (10, 0.184 )

P(W > 3) = 1 − P(W ≤ 3)

= 0.0944 (3 s.f.)

(iv) Let T be the total number of unsolicited text messages or phone calls received in the next 2

weeks.

9

T Po (16 )

Since λ =16>10, ∴ T N(16,16) approximately.

= 0.191 (3 s.f.)

11 Y−X N(2, 2σ 2 )

(a)

P(Y − X > 3) = 0.4

3− 2

P( Z > ) = 0.4

2σ

From GC,

1

= 0.25335

2σ

σ = 2.7910

X1 + X 2 N (8,3.94712 )

P(8 < X1 + X 2 < 12) = 0.345 (3 s.f.)

b(i) Let X min be the amount of time spent by a student online each day.

E( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 ×120 = 7200

2

(

Var( X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ) = 60 × 452 = 90 15 )

Since n=60 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,

2

( )

X1 + X 2 L + X 60 N 7200, 90 15 approximately.

P(X1 + X 2 L + X 60 ≥ 7000)

= 0.717 (3 s.f.)

(ii) Since n=60 is large, by Central Limit Theorem,

452

X N 120, approximately.

60

P( X − 120 < 5)

= P( −5 < X − 120 < 5)

= P(115 < X < 125)

= 0.611 (3 s.f.)

We do not need to assume that the amount of time spent online follows a normal distribution

since by the Central Limit Theorem, the sample mean follows a normal distribution

approximately when n is large.

10

1 Solve the inequality

x 4

≤ ,

x − 2 ( x − 2)2

ex 4

Hence solve ≤ x . [2]

e + 2 (e + 2) 2

x

(n + 2)un −1

un = .

2un −1 + n + 1

n+2

un = . [5]

2n − 1

f : x a (2 x − 1) − 2, x < −1 ,

2

g : x a ln ( x + a ) , x > −1 .

(b) State the value of a such that the range of g is (0, ∞) . [1]

(c) Show that the composite function gf exists, and find the range of gf, giving

your answer in terms of a. [2]

t t

x= 2

, y= , where t ≠ −1, 1.

1+ t 1− t2

(i) Show that the tangent to the curve at any point with parameter t has equation

2 3 3

(1 − t ) y = (1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3 . [3]

1

(ii) Find the gradient of the tangent to the curve at t = . Hence determine the

2

acute angle between this tangent and the line y = x + 3 . [3]

2 [Turn Over

5 Robert took a study loan of $100 000 from a bank on 1st January 2010. The bank

charges an annual interest rate of 10% on the outstanding loan at the end of each

year. After his graduation, Robert pays the bank $x at the beginning of each month.

The first payment is made on 1st January 2014. Let un denote the amount owed by

Robert at the end of nth year after 2013, where n ∈ +

0 .

(iii) Given that Robert owes the bank less than $1000 at the end of 2020, find the

minimum value of x, giving your answer to the nearest dollar. [3]

∫

1

6 (a) Find dt . [3]

3 − 4t 2

(b) Use the substitution u = 5 x to find ∫ 5 x cos 2 ( 5 x ) dx . [5]

7 It is given that the function y = f ( x ) has the Maclaurin’s series 1 + 4 x + ax 2 + ... and

(

satisfies 1 + x 2 ) ddyx = b (1 + y ) , where a and b are real constants.

2

f( x)

(ii) Find the series expansion of in ascending powers of x, up to and

4+ x

including the term in x 2 . [3]

f( x)

(iii) State the equation of the normal to the curve y = at x = 0. [1]

4+ x

3 [Turn Over

4−r A B C

8 (i) Express in the form + + . [2]

(r − 1)r (r + 2) r −1 r r + 2

n

4−r

(ii) Hence find ∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2)

r =2

. [3]

Give a reason why the series is convergent, and state its limit. [2]

n

3− r

(iii) Use your answer to part (ii) to find ∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3) .

r =2

[2]

2

(i) z −1− i ≥ 2 ,

z +1 π

(ii) arg ≥ ,

3 + i 12

(iii) z > z − 1 . [7]

Hence, or otherwise, find the range of values of z − i and arg ( z − i). [3]

10 A file is downloaded at r kilobytes per second from the internet via a broadband

connection. The rate of change of r is proportional to the difference between r and a

constant. The initial value of r is 348. If r is 43, it remains at this constant value.

dr

(i) Show that = k (r − 43) . [2]

dt

dI

=r .

dt

(iii) Given that there is no data downloaded initially, find I in terms of k and t. [2]

(iv) It is given that a file with a size of 5700 kilobytes takes 90 seconds to

download. Find the value of k . [2]

(v) Explain what happens to the value of r in the long run. [1]

4 [Turn Over

D

11

C

j

k

i A

O

B

The diagram above shows part of the structure of a modern art museum designed by

Marcus, with a horizontal base OAB and vertical wall OADC. Perpendicular unit

vectors i, j, k are such that i and k are parallel to OA and OC respectively.

The walls of the museum BCD and ABD can be described respectively by the

equations

−1 14 5 −1

r ⋅ −5 = 36 and r = 0 + λ 4 + µ 0 , where λ , µ ∈ .

6 0 0

4

(ii) Find the vector equation of the intersection line of the two walls BCD and

ABD. [3]

(iii) Marcus wishes to repaint the inner wall ABD. Find the area of this wall. [3]

Suppose Marcus wishes to divide the structure into two by adding a partition such

that it intersects with the walls BCD and ABD at a line. This partition can be

described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z = β , where α , β ∈ .

described by the equation 2 x − 7 y + α z = γ , where γ ≠ β . State the

relationship between Jenny’s and Marcus’ partitions. [1]

Deduce the number of intersection point(s) between the walls BCD, ABD, and

Jenny’s partition. [1]

5 [Turn Over

x2 − 4

12 The curves C1 and C2 have equations ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) and y = , where

x +1

1 < a < 2, respectively. Describe the geometrical shape of C1. [1]

to the graph of C1 . [3]

(b) (i) Sketch C1 and C2 on the same diagram, stating the coordinates of any

points of intersection with the axes and the equations of any

asymptotes. [6]

of C1 and C2 satisfy the equation

2 2

( x + 1) ( x − 2 ) = a 2 ( x + 1) 2 − a 2 ( x 2 − 4) 2 . [2]

(iii) Deduce the number of real roots of the equation in part (ii). [1]

6 [Turn Over

Qtn Solutions

1. x 4

− ≤0

x − 2 ( x − 2) 2

2

⇒

x2 − 2x − 4

≤0⇒

( x − 1) − 5 ≤ 0

( x − 2) 2

( x − 2) 2

⇒ ( x − 1) 2 − 5 ≤ 0, , ( x − 2)2 is always positive for all real values of x.

⇒ 1− 5 ≤ x ≤ 1+ 5 , x ≠ 2

ex 4

For ≤ x

e + 2 (e + 2) 2

x

Replace x by −e x ,

⇒ 1 − 5 ≤ −e x ≤ 1 + 5

⇒ x ≤ ln ( 5 −1 )

2. n+2

Let P(n) be the proposition un = .

2n − 1

When n = 0,

LHS of P(0) = u0 = −2 (given)

2

RHS of P(0) = = −2

−1

∴ P(0) is true.

Assume P(k) is true for some k ∈ +

∪ {0}

k+2

i.e. uk = .

2k − 1

k +3

i.e. uk +1 = .

2k + 1

When n = k + 1,

(k + 3)uk

LHS of P(k+1) = uk +1 =

2uk + k + 2

( k + 3)( k + 2 )

= 2k − 1

k +2

2 +k +2

2k − 1

(k + 3)(k + 2)

=

(2k + 1)(k + 2)

k +3

= = RHS of P(k+1)

2k + 1

7 [Turn Over

Since P(0) is true & P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1) is also true, hence by mathematical

induction P(n) is true for all n ∈ + ∪ {0} .

3

y = f ( x)

7

-1

x = −a y = g ( x)

1− a

y = (2 x − 1) − 2

2

(a)

± y + 2 = 2x − 1

1 1

x= − y + 2 Q x < −1

2 2

1 1

∴ f −1 : x a − x + 2, x>7

2 2

(b) a=2

(c) Rf = (7, ∞ ) , Dg = (− 1, ∞ ) .

Since Rf ⊆ Dg , gf exists.

( −∞, −1)

f

→ ( 7, ∞ )

g

→ ( ln ( 7 + a ) , ∞ )

Df Rf Rgf

4(i) dx 1− t2

=

dt (1 + t 2 )2

dy 1+ t2

=

dt (1 − t 2 )2

8 [Turn Over

3

dy 1 + t 2

=

dx 1 − t 2

Equation of tangent:

3

t 1+ t2 t

y− 2

= 2

x− 2

1− t 1− t 1+ t

2 3 3 2 2

(1 − t ) y = (1 + t 2 ) x − t (1 + t 2 ) + t (1 − t 2 )

3

= (1 + t 2 ) x − 4t 3

(ii)

1 dy

When t = , = 27

2 dx

α

B A

Note: α = A - B

tan A = 27 , tan B = 1

A = tan −1 27 = 87.879°

B = tan −1 (1) = 45°

α = A − B = 42.9°

Alternative Solution

27 − 1 26

tan α = =

1 + ( 27 )(1) 28

26

α = tan −1 = 42.9°

28

(ii) u1 = 1.1(u0 − 12 x)

u2 = 1.1[1.1(u0 − 12 x) − 12 x ]

= 1.12 u0 − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x)

9 [Turn Over

u3 = 1.1 1.12 u0 − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x) − 12 x

= 1.13 u0 − 1.13 (12 x) − 1.12 (12 x) − 1.1(12 x)

:

:

n n n −1

un = 1.1 u0 − 1.1 (12 x) − 1.1 (12 x) − ... − 1.1(12 x)

= 1.1n u0 − 12 x (1.1n + 1.1n −1 + ... + 1.1)

1.1(1.1n − 1)

= 1.1 u0 − 12 x

n

0.1

= 1.1n u0 − 132 x (1.1n − 1)

(iii) n = 7 at end of 2020

1.17 u0 − 132 x(1.17 − 1) < 1000

x > $2270.30

Least x to the nearest dollar = $2271

6(a) 1

∫ 3 − 4t 2

dt

1 1

=− ∫

4 t2 − 3

dt

4

1 1

=−

4 ∫ 3

2

dt

t2 −

2

3

1 1

t−

=− ln 2 +C

4 3 3

t+

2

3 2t − 3

=− ln + C

12 2t + 3

(b) u = 5x

du

= 5 x ln 5

dx

dx 1 1

∴ = x =

du 5 ln 5 u ln 5

10 [Turn Over

∫ 5 x cos 2 (5 x ) dx

1

= ∫ u cos 2 u ⋅ du

u ln 5

1

=

ln 5 ∫ cos 2 u du

1

2 ln 5 ∫

= (1 + cos 2u ) du

1 sin 2u

= u+ +C

2 ln 5 2

1 x sin 2(5 x )

= 5 + +C

2 ln 5 2

7i dy

When x = 0, y = 1, = 4.

dx

(1 + x ) ddyx = b (1 + y )

2 2

dy

⇒ = b(2) = 4

dx

⇒ b = 2 (Shown)

d2 y dy dy

(1 + x )2

dx 2

+ 2x

dx

= 2 2y

dx

d2 y

= 16

dx 2

16

a= =8

2!

ii −

1

f( x)(4 + x) 2

1 x −1

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + ...)(1 + ) 2

2 4

1 3

(− )(− )

1 1 x 2 ( x )2 + ...)

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x + ...)(1 + (− )( ) + 2

2

2 2 4 2! 4

1 x 3 2

= (1 + 4 x + 8 x 2 + ...)(1 − + x + ...)

2 8 128

1 31 963 2

= (1 + x + x + ...)

2 8 128

iii 16

Gradient of normal = −

31

Equation of normal:

11 [Turn Over

1 16

y= − x

2 31

8(i) 4−r A B C

= + +

(r − 1)r (r + 2) r − 1 r r + 2

4 − r = Ar (r + 2) + B (r − 1)(r + 2) + C (r − 1)r

A = 1, B = −2, C = 1

(ii) n

4−r

∑

r = 2 ( r − 1) r ( r + 2)

n

1 2 1

=∑ − +

r =2 r − 1 r r+2

1

= 1 −1 +

4

1 2 1

+ − +

2 3 5

1 2 1

+ − +

3 4 6

1 2 1

+ − +

4 5 7

+ M

1 2 1

+ − +

n − 4 n − 3 n −1

1 2 1

+ − +

n−3 n−2 n

1 2 1

+ − +

n − 2 n −1 n + 1

1 2 1

+ − +

n −1 n n + 2

1 2 1 1 1 2 1

= − + + + − +

2 3 3 n n +1 n n + 2

1 1 1 1

= − + +

6 n n +1 n + 2

(iii) 1 1 1

lim − + + = 0 , hence the series in (ii) converges.

n →∞

n n +1 n + 2

∞

4−r 1

∑ (r − 1)r (r + 2) = 6

r =2

12 [Turn Over

(iv) n

3− r

∑ r (r + 1)(r + 3)

r =2

1 3 − (n − 1) 3− n

= + ... + +

(2)(3)(5) (n − 1)(n)(n + 2) n(n + 1)(n + 3)

n +1

4−r 2

=∑ −

r = 2 ( r − 1) r ( r + 2) (1)(2)(4)

1 1 1 1 1

= − + + −

6 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3 12

1 1 1 1

=− − + +

12 n + 1 n + 2 n + 3

9.

y Q

P (1,1)

1 R

x

-1 O 1

z −1 − i 2 ≥ 2

⇒ z − (1 + i) ≥ 2

z +1 π

arg ≥

3 + i 12

π π π

⇒ arg( z + 1) ≥ + =

12 6 4

1 7 7 1

Method 1: QR = 2 − = ; PQ = + = 2

4 2 4 4

Method 2: QR is the perpendicular bisector, so PQ = 2 (radius)

⇒ z −i > 2

π π

≤ arg ( z − i ) <

4 2

10(i) Let the constant be a.

dr

∴ = k (r − a ) , where k is a constant.

dt

13 [Turn Over

dr

Given r = 43 when =0,

dt

∴ 0 = k (43 − a )

Since k ≠ 0, then a = 43

dr

∴ = k (r − 43) (shown)

dt

(ii) 1

∫ r − 43 dr = k ∫ dt

ln r − 43 = kt + C1

r − 43 = ekt + C1

r = 43 + Ae kt where A = eC1

When t = 0 , r = 348 .

∴ A = 305 .

∴ r = 43 + 305e kt

(iii) I = ∫ r dt

= ∫ (43 + 305e kt ) dt

305 kt

= 43t + e + C2

k

When t = 0 , I = 0 .

305

∴ C2 = −

k

305 kt

∴ I = 43t + (e − 1)

k

(iv) Given I = 5700 and t = 90 ,

305 90 k

∴ 5700 = 43(90) + (e − 1)

k

305 90 k

1830 = (e − 1)

k

6k = e90 k − 1

k = − 0.167 or k = 0 (NA)

(v) 1

− t

r = 43 + 305e 6

1

− t

If t becomes larger, 305e 6 → 0 , r → 43

Hence r would be reduced to a steady 43 kilobytes per second in the long run.

11i OA = 14

14 [Turn Over

ii Plane ABD

5 −1 16

4 × 0 = −20

0 4 4

4 14 4

r. −5 = 0 . −5 = 56

%

1 01

4 x − 5 y + z = 56

⇒

− x − 5 y + 6 z = 36

Using GC to solve:

4 1

∴ r = −8 + γ 1 , γ ∈

%

0 1

OR

14 + 5λ − µ −1

4λ . −5 = 36

4µ 6

−14 − 5λ + µ − 20λ + 24 µ = 36

25µ = 25λ + 50

µ =λ+2

14 5 −1

r = 0 + λ 4 + (λ + 2) 0

0 0

4

12 4

= 0 + λ 4

8 4

12 1

= 0 + γ 1 , γ ∈

8 1

15 [Turn Over

iii 4+γ 12

uuuv uuuv

OD = −8 + γ ⇒ γ = 8 ⇒ OD = 0

γ 8

(Reason: j is zero.)

%

4

uuuv

OB = −8

0

12 14 −2

uuuv

AD = 0 − 0 = 0

8 0 8

12 4 8

uuuv

BD = 0 − −8 = 8

8 0 8

1 uuuv uuuv

Area ABD = BD × AD

2

8 −2 1 −1 4

1

= 8 × 0 = 8 1 × 0 = 8 −5

2 1 4

8 8 1

= 8 42 = 51.8 (3 s.f.)

iv 2(4) − 7(−8) + α (0) = β

2(12) − 7(0) + 8α = β

⇒ β = 64, α = 5

OR

4 1

r = −8 + γ 1 , γ ∈

% 1

0

2 1

−7 . 1 = 0

α 1

2 − 7 +α = 0

α =5

16 [Turn Over

4 2

−8 . −7 = 8 + 56 = 64

0 5

β = 64

12 Ellipse

(a) ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 )

( x − 2) 2

⇒ 2

+ y2 = 1

a

Method 1:

Sequence of transformations:

1) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.

2) Translate in the positive x-direction by 2 units.

Method 2:

Sequence of transformations:

2

1) Translate in the positive x-direction by units.

a

2) Scale // to x-axis by factor a.

17 [Turn Over

(bi) x −1

2

x +1 x −4

−( x 2 + x)

−x−4

− (− x − 1)

−3

x = −1 y y = x −1

−2 2−a 2 2+a

−4 ( x − 2) 2

+ y2 = 1

a2

x2 − 4

y=

x +1

(bii) x2 − 4

Sub y = into ( x − 2)2 = a 2 (1 − y 2 ) :

x +1

x 2 − 4 2

( x − 2) = a 1 −

2 2

x + 1

2

⇒ ( x + 1) ( x − 2) 2 = a 2 ( x + 1) − a 2 ( x 2 − 4 ) --- (*)

2 2

(shown)

C1 and C2 satisfy equation (*).

(b) From (ii), number of intersection points between C1 and C2 gives the number of

(iii) real roots of the equation (*).

From the graphs, there are 2 points of intersection between C1 and C2 . Hence 2

real roots.

18 [Turn Over

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

Qn Solutions

1 Surface area of the tin and lid

= 2π x 2 + 2π xy + 10π x = 400π

200 − x 2 − 5 x

y=

x

200 − x 2 − 5 x

= π x2

x

= π ( 200 x − x3 − 5 x 2 )

dV

= π ( 200 − 3 x 2 − 10 x )

dx

dV 20

=0⇒ x= or x = −10 (rejected)

dx 3

d 2V 20

2

= π ( −6 x − 10 ) < 0 when x =

dx 3

20

V is maximum when x = .

3

20 55

When x = , y=

3 3

(or x = 6.67, y = 18.3).

2(i) z 5 − 32 = 0 ⇒ z 5 = 32 ei0 = 32ei2k π

2 kπ i

⇒ z = 2e 5

where k = 0, ± 1, ± 2.

(ii) 2w + 1

5

5

The highest power in the equation = 32 is four since the terms with w are

w

canceled out. Hence the equation has only four roots.

5

1

2 + = 32

w

1 2 kπ i

⇒ 2 + = z = 2e 5

w

1 2 kπ i

⇒ = 2e 5 − 2 = 2 e 5 − 1

w

2 kπ i

( )

1 1 1 1

⇒ + + +

w1 w2 w3 w4

(

= 2 e

2π i

5

−1 + e )( −2 π i

5

)(

−1 + e

4π i

5

)(

−1 + e

−4π i

5

)

−1

1

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

2π 4π

= 2 2 cos + 2 cos − 4

5 5

2 π 4π

= 4 cos + cos − 2 ∈ .

5 5

1 1 1 1

Or use GC, + + + = −10.

w1 w2 w3 w4

3 S n = an 2 + bn + c

U1 = S1 = a + b + c = 100

S 2 = 4a + 2b + c = 190

S10 = 100a + 10b + c = 360 + 100 + 90 = 550

Using GC,

a = −5 , b = 105 , c = 0

Thus S n = −5n 2 + 105n

U n = Sn − Sn−1

( 2

= −5n 2 + 105n − −5 ( n − 1) + 105 ( n − 1) )

= 110 − 10n

U n − U n −1

= 110 − 10n − (110 − 10n + 10 )

= −10 (a constant)

Hence sequence is an AP.

4i 0 1 1 − µ

uuuv

OX = µ 2 + (1 − µ ) 0 = 2 µ

−t 0 −t µ

0 0 0

uuuv

OY = µ 0 + (1 − µ ) 2 = 2 − 2 µ

t

−t −t + 2t µ

0 1 − µ µ − 1

uuuv

XY = 2 − 2 µ − 2 µ = 2 − 4 µ

−t + 2t µ −t µ −t + 3t µ

OR

−1 0

uuur uuur

AB = 2 BC = −2

−t 2t

2

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

−1 µ − 1

uuur

XB = (1 − µ ) 2 = 2 − 2 µ

−t t µ − t

0 0

uuur

BY = µ −2 = −2 µ

2t 2t µ

µ −1 0 µ −1

uuur uuur uuur

XY = XB + BY = 2 − 2 µ + −2 µ = 2 − 4 µ

t µ − t 2t µ 3t µ − t

ii Suppose O, X, Y are collinear.

Then

uuuv uuuv

OX = kOY

1 − µ 0

2µ = k 2 − 2µ

−t µ −t + 2t µ

1 − µ = 0 ⇒ µ = 1 (Out of range)

Thus O, X, Y are not collinear.

iii 1 − µ 0

uuuv uuuv

OX OY = 2 µ 2 − 2 µ

−t µ −t + 2t µ

2 2

= µ(4 – 4µ + t – 2µt )

=0

4 + t2 1 1

⇒ µ = 0 (reject) or µ = 2

= + 2

4 + 2t 2 t + 2

For all t ∈»\{0}, 0 < µ < 1.

Thus ∠XOY can be 90° when t ≠ 0 .

3

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

iv µ −1

uuuv

XY = 2 − 4 µ

−t + 3t µ

projection vector

µ −1 4 4

2 − 4µ . 1 . 1

−t + 3t µ 0 0

=

17

4

4µ − 4 + 2 − 4µ

= 1

17 0

4

2

= − 1

17

0

5(i) 2 2

( x − 6) + ( y + 2) = x+3

2 2 2

( y + 2) = ( x + 3) − ( x − 6 )

= 9 ( 2 x − 3)

(ii)

(iii)

2

For the equation ( y + 2 ) = 9 ( 2 x − 3) ,

When x = 2 , y = 1 .

4

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

When y = 7 , x = 6 .

Method 1: Using ∫ x dy

2

( y + 2) = 9 ( 2 x − 3)

1 y + 2)

2 2

3 ( y + 2) (

x= + = 3+

2 18 2 9

1 7

( y + 2)

2

R=

2 ∫ 1

3+

d y − 2(6)

9

1 ( y + 2)3

7

= 3 y + − 12

2 27 1

1

= ( 21 + 27 ) − ( 3 + 1) − 12

2

2

= 10 units

Method 2: Using ∫ y dx

2

( y + 2) = 9 ( 2 x − 3)

y = −2 + 3 2 x − 3 [ y = −2 − 3 2 x − 3 N.A.]

6

R = 4(7) −

∫ ( −2 + 3

2

)

2 x − 3 dx

3 6

= 28 − −2 x + (2 x − 3) 2

2

= { 28 – [(–12 + 27) – (–4 + 1)]}

= 10 units2

= vol. of cylinder – (vol. generated by curve from y = –2 to y = 1)

6

∫(

2

= π (7) 2 (4) − π

2

−2 + 3 2 x − 3 dx

)

= 196π – 92π

= 327 unit3 (3 s.f.)

6 Use random sampling method to select a sample from each class. The number of seats from

each class would be proportional to the size of each stratum.

First Class Business Class Economy Class

Any 1 of the answers below:

4 16 60

Some passengers have

booked a flight ticket but did not turn up or changed flight so some of the seats in the sample

may not have a passenger.

OR

5

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

The flight is not fully booked so the chosen seat could be empty.

It is not appropriate to use simple random sampling as passengers from different classes may

have different opinions on the service. The number of passengers in the first class is very

small, so the passengers from the first class may not be chosen at all using the simple random

sampling method.

7(i) 10!

No. of ways = = 12600

4!3!2!

7(ii) Case 1: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the 4th row with the 4th tile being red or

green.

No. of ways

= no. of ways with B, B, Y, G in 4th row + no. of ways with B, B, Y, R in 4th row

4! 6! 4! 6!

= × + × = 3240

2! 2!2! 2! 2!2!2!

Case 2: The 2 blue tiles and 1 yellow tile are in the third row.

3! 7!

No. of ways = × = 1890

2 2!2!2!

3! 3! 4! 3! 4!

Total no. of ways = 3240 + 1890 – – 3!

2! 2! 2! 2! 2!

= 5130 – 108 – 216 = 4806

7(iii) No. of ways such that less than 3 yellow tiles are in the fourth row

7!

= 12600 − 4C3 =12600 − 420 =12180

4!2!

7 last No. of ways

part 6!

= × 7C4 = 2100

3!2!

8(i) 2010 + 10(9000)

x= = 9201,

10

507147

∑

2

1

s 2 = ∑ ( x − 9000 ) −

2 ( ( x − 9000 ) ) =

9 10 9

H0 : µ = 9000

H1 : µ > 9000

x − 9000

Test Stat: = ~ t (9)

507147

9 × 10

p–value = 0.01265 < 0.05

Since the p –value = 0.01265 < 0.05, we reject H 0 and conclude that there is sufficient

evidence, at 5% level of significance, that the mean life span of the electronic component has

increased.

6

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

252

Under H0, X ~ N(9000, ) = N(9000, 62.5).

10

X – 9000

Test Statistic = ~ N(0, 1).

62.5

Level of significance = 1%

P(Z > 2.326347877) = 0.01

At the 1% significance level, reject H 0 if z ≥ 2.326347877.

x – 9000

z= ≥ 2.326347877

62.5

x ≥ 9018.391395 = 9020.

Assumptions: The standard deviation of the life span remains unchanged after the change in

process.

9

First X ~ N(190, 576)

part T = 0.001( X1 + ... + X20 ) − 0.001(2)( X21 + ... + X30 ) ~ N(0, 0.03456)

= 0.580

OR

0.15

P( | A |≤ ) = P( − 150 ≤ A ≤ 150)

0.001

= 0.580

9(i) Let Y be the r.v. denoting the mass of a randomly chosen apple from Mark's orchard.

Y ~ N(µ , 302 )

Since the shaded area is the same, using the symmetric property of the normal curve,

µ = 110

9(ii) Probability that Mark will get an apple graded as 'large' chosen at random = P (Y > 150) =

7

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

0.09121128

Let A be the r.v. denoting the number of apples graded as large out of 65 randomly chosen

apples.

A ~ B(65, 0.09121128)

P ( A ≥ 5) = 1 − P ( A ≤ 4)

= 0.718

10(a) 200 1

(i) P(A M ) = =

400 2

250 + 300 11

(ii) P(M ' ∩ C ') = =

1000 20

9 1

P ( A) = , P ( A M ) = ≠ P ( A)

20 2

A and M are not independent.

10(b) (i) No. of immigrants in the sample

= 0.2 ( 200 + 250 ) + 0.3 (130 + 300 ) + 0.05 (120 ) = 225

0.2 × 450

P(voter supports Party A given voter is an immigrant) = = 0.4

225

P(exactly one immigrant voter supporting Party C or

exactly one female voter supporting Party A (or both))

= P ( exactly 1 immigrant voted for C )

+ P ( exactly 1 female voted for A ) − P ( both )

6

C1 994C2 + 250C1 750C2 − 250C1 6C1 744C1

= 1000

= 0.434

C3

Alternative method:

6 994 993 250 750 749 6 250 744

Required Probability = ×3+ ×3− × 3!

1000 999 998 1000 999 998 1000 999 998

= 0.434

8

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

11(i) λ

Let X be the r.v. denoting the number of call–ins in a week. Hence X ~ Po .

4

P( X ≤ 9)

The condition is that the rate of call–ins received by the centre is constant throughout a

month / the call–in occurs randomly / The call–ins occur in a month are independent of one

another

Y ~ Po(32.5)

Since the mean is bigger than 10, hence

Y ~ N (32.5, 32.5) approximately.

c.c

P (25 < Y ≤ 40) → P (25.5 < Y < 40.5) = 0.810

11(iii Let S be the r.v. denoting the number of successful cases out of the n people in a support

) group.

3

S ~ B ( n, )

20

Since the number of groups concerned, which is 70, is large, therefore by applying CLT,

3 3

n 1 −

S ~ N ( n,

3 20 20

) approximately.

20 70

EITHER

n P( S ≥ 4)

27 0.589

28 0.812

Hence minimum value of n is 28.

OR

P ( S ≥ 4) > 0.7

9

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

4 − 0.15n

P(Z < ) < 0.3

0.1275n

70

4 − 0.15n

< −0.5244

0.1275n

70

0.1275

4 − 0.15n < (−0.5244 ) n

70

0.1275

0.15n − (0.5244 ) n −4>0

70

n > 5.23912 or n < −5.0899(reject)

n > 27.45

Least n = 28.

12(i) Location F should be omitted as the road distance cannot be smaller than the straight line

distance, indicating that it is an incorrect data entry.

From the scatter diagram, another location that should be omitted is location H, as it is an

outlier based on the scatter diagram.

x = 0.3936554 + 0.81702935 y

When y = 20.0,

x = 16.7 km

12(iii s

)

180

70

y

2 30

10

HCI Prelim H2 Mathematics P2 Solutions

concave upwards, the graph of s = a + b ln y will be more suitable to describe the scatter

diagram of s and y. Hence model II is more suitable.

) i.e. s = 25.9 + (45.2) ln y (to 3 s.f.)

12(v) Since r for s and ln y is 0.992 close to 1, the linear correlation is strong between s and ln y.

Furthermore, 170 cents is within the data range of the sample. Therefore the estimation using

the line in (iv) is reliable.

Since y is the independent variable, the line found in (iv) is also suitable for the estimation.

11

Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010

Paper 1

S/N Solutions

1 Let un = an 3 + bn 2 + cn + d

3 2

a (1) + b (1) + c (1) + d = 63

u1 = 63 :

a + b + c + d = 63 − (1)

3 2

a ( 2 ) + b ( 2 ) + c (2) + d = 116

u2 = 116 :

8a + 4b + 2c + d = 116 − (2)

3 2

a ( 3) + b ( 3) + c(3) + d = 171

u3 = 171 :

27a + 9b + 3c + d = 171 − (3)

3 2

a ( 4 ) + b ( 4 ) + c (4) + d = 234

u4 = 234 :

64a + 16b + 4c + d = 234 − (4)

Using the GC APPL to solve (1), (2), (3), (4) simultaneously, we get:

a = 1, b = −5, c = 61, d = 6

un = n3 − 5n 2 + 61n + 6

3 2

Hence u50 = ( 50 ) − 5 ( 50 ) + 61 ( 50 ) + 6 = 115556

2 1− x 2

≤ x −1 , x ≠

2 − 3x 3

1− x

+1− x ≤ 0

2 − 3x

1 − x + (1 − x )(2 − 3 x )

≤0

2 − 3x

(1 − x)(1 + 2 − 3 x )

≤0

2 − 3x

(1 − x)(3 − 3 x )

≤0

2 − 3x

3(1 − x) 2

≤0

2 − 3x

3(1 − x ) 2 (2 − 3 x) ≤ 0

2 1

3

2

x>

3

2

Hence, to solve 1 − x 2 ≤ x 2 − 1 .

2 − 3x

2

Replace x by x ,

2

x2 >

3

2

x2 − > 0

3

2 2

x −

x+ > 0

3 3

2 2

x<− or x>

3 3

1

2 3 = x 2 sin 60° × h

2

(Note: some students might use Pythagoras Thm or Trigo. to find base area.)

1 3

2 3 = x2 × h

2 2

8

h = 2 (shown)

x

C = 1× ( edges ) + 2 3 ( 2 × triangles ) + 2 ( 3 × rectangles )

1 3

= ( 3h + 6 x ) + 2 3 2 x 2 + 2 ( 3xh )

2

2

8 1 3 8

= 3 2 + 6 x + 2 3 2 x 2

+ 2 3x 2

x 2 2 x

24 48

= 2 + 6 x + 3x2 +

x x

= 3 x + 6 x + 48 x + 24 x −2

2 −1

dC

= 6 x + 6 − 48 x −2 − 48 x −3 = 0

dx

dC

=0

dx

6 x + 6 − 48 x −2 − 48 x −3 = 0

6 x 4 + 6 x 3 − 48 x − 48 = 0

6 x 3 ( x + 1) − 48( x + 1) = 0

(6 x 3 − 48)( x + 1) = 0

6 x 3 = 48 or x = −1( rejected )

x=2

2 −1 −2

C = 3 ( 2 ) + 6 ( 2 ) + 48 ( 2 ) + 24 ( 2 )

= 12 + 12 + 24 + 6

= 54

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 2 of 10

Minimum cost C is $54.

d 2C −3 −4

2

= 6 + 96 ( 2 ) + 144 ( 2 ) > 0

dx

4(a) w2 = 3 + 4i

Let w = x + iy

( x + iy ) 2 = 3 + 4i

x 2 + 2 xyi − y 2 = 3 + 4i

x 2 − y 2 = 3 ----- (1)

2 xy = 4 ----- (2)

2

From eq (2): y =

x

2

2

Sub into eq (1): x − = 3 ⇒ x 4 − 3 x 2 − 4 = 0

2

x

Solving, we get x = ±2 , y = ±1

Hence w = ± (2 + i )

Let z 4 = −16

(b)

z 4 = 16eiπ

z 4 = 16ei (π + 2 kπ )

1 i (π + 2 k π )

z = 2e 4 , k = −2, −1, 0,1

iπ i 34π −i 34π −i π4

z = 2e 4 , 2e , 2e , 2e

Im(z)

z2 z1

2

π

4 Re(z)

O

z3 z4

5(a)

(i) Let y = x 2 − 3

x = ± y+3

Since x ≤ 0 , x = − y + 3

f −1 : x a − x + 3 , x ≥ −3

y = f(x) y

(ii)

0 x

y = f-1f(x) y = f-1(x)

(iii) gf −1 ( x ) = g ( − x + 3) = −2 x + 3 + 4

= (12 – 6) + (12 – 1) = 17

(ii) y

12

3–

x

-6 0 6 12

6(i) −π π

≤t ≤

2 2

The only axes intercept is at (0,0).

When x = 1,

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 4 of 10

π

cos ( t ) = 0 ⇒ t = ±

2

π π π π

When t = , y= + 1 . When t = − , y=− −1 .

2 2 2 2

π π

∴− −1 ≤ y ≤ +1

2 2

(ii) x = 1 − cos t ; y = t + sin t

dy dy dt 1 + cos t

= × =

dx dt dx sin t

π π π π π

When t = , x = 1 − cos = 1 − 0 = 1 , y = + sin = + 1

2 2 2 2 2

π

1 + cos

dy

= 2 = 1+ 0 = 1

dx π 1

sin

2

Equation of line l ,

π

y − + 1 = 1 x − (1)

2

π

y − −1 = x −1

2

π

y = x+

2

(iii) π π

When x = 1, y = + 1 or − − 1 (by symmetry)

2 2

One of the points of intersection is the origin. From the graph in part (i), there

is another point of intersection when

π π

m ≥ + 1 or m ≤ − − 1

2 2

7(i) 2x + 4 y − z = 8

x + 2z = 6

From G.C, x = 6 – 2z, y = –1 + 1.25z, z = z

6 −2

vector equation of l: r = −1 + λ 1.25 , λ ∈

0

1

x

(ii) uuur

OF1 = y

z

F1 is on π1 ⇒ 2x + 4y – z = 8 --- (1)

6 2

uuur

OF1 − 9 = λ 4

−2 −1

x−6 2

--- (2)

y −9 = λ 4

z + 2

−1

x = 2, y = 1 , z = 0

The foot of the perpendicular is (2,1, 0) .

(iii) 26 16

5 2 5 8

2

Direction vector of F1 F2 = 9 − 1 = 8 = 20

2 0 2 5 1

5 5

8 −2 18.75 15

5

20 × 1.25 = −10 = −8

Vector perpendicular to π3 =

1 1 50 4 40

15 2 15

r ⋅ −8 = 1 ⋅ −8 = 22

40 0 40

15

vector equation of π3 : r ⋅ −8 = 22 (shown)

40

Perpendicular distance from (6, –1, 0) to the plane π3

6 2 15 4 15

−1 − 1 ⋅ −8 −2 ⋅ −8

0 0 40 0 40

= = = 1.75

15 225 + 64 + 1600

−8

40

15

m = 1.75 , v = −8

40

8(i) Let the height ascended by the athlete and robot after n pulls be An and Rn

respectively.

19 n

0.8 1 −

20 19 n

An = = 16 1 −

1 20

20

Rn = 0.4n

The robot will overtake the athlete after 33 pulls.

(ii) A∞ = 16 (Note: An is an increasing sequence.)

∴He will never reach the top.

n

(iii) 2× [ 2 x + (n − 1)(−0.02)]

2

= 2nx − 0.02n(n − 1)

16

Robot will reach the top after = 40 pulls.

0.4

Athlete must reach top by 39th pull.

39 x − 0.02(19) 2 ≥ 16

x ≥ 0.595

The minimum value of x is 0.60 (2 d.p.).

−1

9(i) dy e tan x

=

dx 1 + x 2

−1

dy e tan x

∫ dx ∫ 1 + x 2 dx

d x =

−1

∴ y = e tan x

+C

When x = 0, y = 1 ⇒ 1 = e0 + C ⇒ C = 0

−1

Thus y = e tan x

−1

(ii) dy e tan x y

= 2

=

dx 1 + x 1 + x2

dy

(

⇒ 1 + x2

dx

)

=y

Differentiating w.r.t. x,

d2 y dy dy

(1 + x2 ) dx 2

+ 2x =

dx dx

2

(

⇒ 1 + x2 ) ddxy + (2 x − 1) ddyx = 0

2

d2 y dy

(iii)

(1 + x2

dx 2 )

+ (2 x − 1)

dx

=0

Differentiating w.r.t. x,

d3 y d2 y d2 y dy

(1 + x2

dx 3 )

+ 2 x

dx 2

+ (2 x − 1)

dx 2

+2

dx

=0

d3 y d2 y dy

⇒ 1 + x2( dx 3

+ (4 )

x − 1)

dx 2

+ 2

dx

=0

When x = 0, y = 1 (given)

dy d2 y d3 y

= 1, 2 = 1, 3 = −1

dx dx dx

Thus Maclaurin series is

1 1

y = 1 + x + x 2 − x3 + L

2 6

tan −1 x

(iv) e −1

2

= e tan x (1 + x) −2

(a) (1 + x)

1 1

2 6

(

= 1 + x + x 2 − x 3 + ... 1 − 2 x + 3 x 2 + ... )

3

= 1 − x + x 2 + ...

2

(b) 2 x + tan −1 x 2 x tan −1 x

e =e e

(2 x) 2 1 1

= 1 + 2 x + + ... 1 + x + x 2 − x 3 + ...

2! 2 6

9 2

= 1 + 3x + x + ...

2

n

10(a) Let P(n) be the statement ∑ ( r !× r ) = ( n + 1)! − 1, for all n ∈

r =1

+

Proving P(1)

1

LHS = ∑ ( r !× r ) = 1

r =1

RHS = (1 + 1) !− 1 = 1

∴ P(1) is true

k

i.e. ∑ ( r !× r ) = ( k + 1)! − 1

r =1

To prove P(k+1) is true i.e.…

Then,

k +1 k

∑ ( r !× r ) = ∑ ( r !× r ) + ( k + 1)!× ( k + 1)

r =1 r =1

= ( k + 1) ! − 1 + ( k + 1) ! × ( k + 1)

= ( k + 1) ! + ( k + 1) ! × ( k + 1) − 1

= ( k + 1) !1+ ( k + 1) − 1

= ( k + 1) !( k + 2 ) − 1

= ( k + 2 ) !− 1

∴ P(k)true ⇒ P(k + 1)is true

and P(k) is true ⇒ P(k + 1)is true

+

by Mathematical Induction, P(n) is true for all n ∈

(ii) lim xn +1 = lim xn = L

n →∞ n →∞

(or any statement to the same effect)

3 2

L = −1 + 5 L + 8 L − 5

L + 1 = 3 5 L2 + 8 L − 5

3

( L + 1) = 5 L2 + 8 L − 5

L3 + 3L2 + 3L + 1 = 5 L2 + 8 L − 5

L3 − 2 L2 − 5 L + 6 = 0

As L3 − 2L2 − 5L + 6 = 0 , hence L is a root of the equation y = x3 − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6

Therefore, L = α , β or γ

(iii) xn +1 < xn

−1 + 3 5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn

3

5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn + 1

3

5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < ( xn + 1)

5 xn 2 + 8 xn − 5 < xn 3 + 3xn 2 + 3 xn + 1

xn 3 − 2 xn 2 − 5 xn + 6 > 0

By referring to the graph of y = x3 − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6 , (or any statement to the same

effect) the y value at xn is positive (above the x-axis)

Hence, when xn+1 < xn , then α < xn < β or xn > γ .

Comparing the coefficient of sin θ & cos θ respectively,

We have A – B = 4 ----(1)

A + B = 0 --- (2)

Solving the simultaneous equations,

A = 2, B = –2 (Ans)

1

π 4sin θ

∫ 0

4

sin θ + cos θ

dθ

1

π

4

2(sin θ + cos θ ) − 2(cos θ − sin θ )

= ∫0

sin θ + cos θ

dθ

1 1

π π

4 4

(cos θ − sin θ )

= ∫ 2 dθ − 2 ∫

0 0

sin θ + cos θ

dθ

π π

= 2[θ ]04 − 2[ln(sin θ + cos θ )]04

π π

= − ln 2 (or − 2 ln 2)

2 2

(b)(i) 2t A B

2

= +

(t + 1) (t + 1) (t + 1)2

Solving, we have A = 2, B = –2

(ii) Using substitution t = 2 x − 1 ,

t 2 +1

x= ,

2

dt 1 1

= =

dx 2x −1 t

When x =1, t = 1

x = 5, t = 3

Hence

5 3

1 1

∫1 x + 2 x − 1 d x = ∫1 t 2 +1 + t (t ) dt

( )

2

3

2t

=∫ 2

dt

1

t + 2t + 1

3

2t

=∫ dt

1

(t + 1) 2

3

1 1

= 2∫ ( − ) dt from b(i )

1

t + 1 (t + 1)2

1 3

= 2[ln(t + 1) + ]1

t +1

1

= 2 ln 2 −

2

Solutions to SAJC H2 Maths PRELIM EXAM 2010

Paper 2

Qn Solutions

1 (i) 2 1 2

uuur

AG ⋅ 1 2 ⋅ 1

uuur 2 4 2

Length of projection = AC = =

2 + 1 + 22

2

22 + 1 + 22

2+2+8

= = 4 units

3

2 2λ

(ii) uuur

AC = λ 1 = λ

2 2λ

uuur

AC = 4

4λ 2 + λ 2 + 4λ 2 = 16

4

λ=

3

2

uuur 4

AC = 1

3

2

uuur uuur

2 AG + 3 AC uur

By ratio theorem, = AI

5

2 8

4 + 4

uur 8 8

AI =

5

10 5

1 2

= 8 = 4

5 5

16 8

uuur uuur

(iii) Angle between AG and GC

uuur uuur

−1 AG ⋅ AC

sin uuur uuur

= AG AC units

1 2

2 ⋅ 4 1

3

4 2

= sin −1 = 60.8o or 1.06 (in radians)

1 + 4 + 16 × 4

2 (i) x + y = 100

dx dx

α (100 − x) ⇒ = k (100 − x)

dt dt

1.9 = k (100 – 5) ⇒ k = 0.02

dx

∴ = 0.02 (100 − x)

dt

(ii) dx

= 0.02 (100 − x)

dt

∫ ∫

1

⇒ dx = 0.02 dt

100 − x

⇒ − ln 100 − x = 0.02t + C

When t = 0, x = 5,

−ln(95) = C

So,

− ln 100 − x = 0.02t − ln(95)

ln (100 − x ) − ln(95) = −0.02t since x < 100

100 − x

1n = −0.02t

95

100 − x

= e −0.02t

95

⇒ x = 100 − 95e −0.02t

(iii) When t = 0, x = 5 ⇒ y = 95

Initial value of y = 95 ⇒ Half of initial value = 47.5

When y = 47.5, x = 52.5

(iv)

x = 100

x = 100 − 95e−0.02t

As t → ∞, x → 100, y → 0 .

Compound Y will be transformed almost completely to compound X.

3 (a) π

0 ≤ arg( z + 1 − i ) ≤ and z − i = 2

2

arg( z + 1 − i ) = π Im(z)

2

P(x,y)

1 arg( z + 1 − i ) = 0

π

4 Re(z)

-1 0

π 2

a = 2 cos = 2=x π b

4 4

π (0,1) a

b = 2 sin = 2

4

y = 2 +1

∴z = 2 +i ( 2 +1 )

(b) (i) 3

3π 3π π π

w = 2 cos + i sin cos − i sin

4 4 6 6

3π 3π

Let w1 = cos + i sin

4 4

π π

w2 = cos − i sin

6 6

3

∴ w = 2 ( w1 )( w2 )

3

w = 2 w1 w2 = 2(1)(1) = 2

(

arg( w) = arg 2 ( w1 )( w2 )

3

)

= arg(2) + arg( w1 ) + 3arg( w2 )

3π π

= 0+ + 3 −

4 6

π

=

4

π π

∴ w = 2 cos + i sin

4 4

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 3 of 9

(ii) nπ nπ

wn = 2n cos + i sin

4 4

Since n = 4k , k ∈

4 kπ 4 kπ

wn = 24k cos + i sin

4 4

= 24k cos kπ

= (−1)k 24k

4 (i) dy 8( x 2 + 1) − 8 x (2 x)

Stationary points: Let =0⇒ 2

=0

dx ( )

x 2

+ 1

⇒ − x 2 + 1 = 0 ⇒ x 2 = 1 ⇒ x = ±1

8 8(−1)

⇒y= = 2 or y = =− 2

1+1 (−1) 2 + 1

( )

The stationary points are at 1, 2 and −1, − 2 . ( )

(ii) Axes Intercepts: When x = 0 , y = 0 ⇒ (0,0 ) is on the curve.

Horizontal asymptote: as x→ ±∞, y → 0 since y is a proper fraction, there

is a horizontal asymptote at y = 0

n

n

⌠ 2 x du

(iii) ∫0 f ( x ) d x = 2

⌡0 x 2 + 1

n

= 2 ln x 2 + 1

0

= 2 ln ( n 2 + 1) − ln ( 02 + 1)

= 2 ln ( n 2 + 1) (shown)

2

∫ f ( x ) dx

−2

2

= 2 ∫ f ( x ) dx = 2 2 ln ( 22 + 1)

0

= 2 2 ln 5 = 2 ln 25

(iv)

Volume obtained

1

= π ∫ g ( x ) dx

2

0

1 8x

= π ∫ f ( x ) dx y= 2

0

(1,1.19 ) x +1

= π 2 ln 12 + 1

=π 2ln2 units3

5 (i) The sample could be biased or unrepresentative as only those with interest

in the NE programme would volunteer to take part in the survey.

Select 60 females and 40 males to form the sample of size 100 so that the sample

is more representative of the population.

The selection within each strata according to the gender may be done by simple

random sampling using the available name list:

Obtain the list of female students and label them from 1 to 1080.

Generate 60 unique random numbers between 1 to 1080 inclusive.

Choose the students who correspond to the numbers generated.

6 (a) 9!

= 1260

4!3!2!

(b) 4!

= 12

2!

3!

Number of arrangements = =3

2!

Number of arrangements = 3! =6

3!

Number of arrangements = =3

2!

Total arrangement = 12

1 1 1

= 0.4 p + 0.3 × p + 0.2 × p + 0.1× p

2 4 8

49

= 0.6125 p or p

80

1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1

0.4 p + 0.3 × p + 0.1× p × p+ × p × p

= 9 4 10 4 9 4

2 8

0.6125 p

47

= 0.0533 p or p

882

(iii) 1 − 49 p ≥ 7

80 10

49 3

p≤

80 10

24

0< p≤

49

R B (1200, 0.003)

Since n = 1200 is large and np = 3.6 < 5

R Po(3.6) approximately

P ( R ≥ 5)

= 1 − P ( R ≤ 4)

= 0.294

T Po(1.7)

Required proportion

= P ( R > 5)

= 1 − P ( R ≤ 5)

= 0.007999

No. of cities = 0.007999 ×10000 ≈ 80

(ii) Let n be the no. of cities investigated and U, V the total no. of

Buzzland and Dodoland spies respectively in these cities.

U Po(1.3n) , V Po(0.4n)

P (U = 23 and V = 11)

= P (U = 23) × P (V = 11)

Dodoland spies. / The Buzzland and Dodoland spies work

independently.

9 (i)

a = 1.0894

b = 0.28373

(iii) ln y = 0.28373(12) + 0.085622

ln y = 3.4903

y = 32.798 ≈ 32.8

Not reliable as x = 12 is out of data range

x = 6.56 ≈ 7

We use the line ln y on x since x is the independent variable and ln y is the

dependent variable.

(Cannot use x on ln y even if student states r ≈ 1, so the lines almost

coincide as y is dependent variable.)

10 (a) No.

If it can be modeled by Normal distribution, then there will be

approximately the same number of employees earning above and below the

mean salary.

TA + TB

Let T ~ N(54, 10.25) where T =

2

P(50 < T <60) = 0.864 (3 sig figures).

P( 53 – a ≤ TB ≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.6

⇒ P(TB ≤ 53 + a) ≤ 0.8

⇒ 53 + a ≤ 56.366 (from GC)

⇒ a ≤ 3.37

Hence greatest value of a is 3.37.

P(TA – TB > 0) = 0.6226 ≈ 0.623

will take longer than Ben to travel to work.”

X ~ B(60, 0.6226)

SAJC H2 Mathematics Prelim Solutions Page 8 of 9

P( X ≥ 43) → P( X > 42.5) using continuity correction

= 0.0854 (3 significant figures).

11 (a) (i) Let X be the r.v. “pH level of water” and µ be the population mean.

H 0 : µ = 8.5

• To test at 1 % level of significance

H1 : µ ≠ 8.5

X − µ0

• Under H 0 , T= t (10)

s/ n

p-value = 0.0289

insufficient evidence, at 1% level, that the pH level differs from 8.5.

distributed.

x = 8.31 , s2 = − = 2.90 (3 s.f.)

79 80

232.2

(ii) 2.9027

By CLT, X ~ N (8.31, ) approximately

n

P( X < 8.2 ) < 0.3

8.2 − 8.31

< −0.5244

2.9027

n

−0.11 n < −0.8934

n > 8.1218

n > 65.96

Least value of n is 66.

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