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0") Tifi Matthew Mariko L-C-v>Ito
Matthew : You are not wearing your school uniform? Are you going to a party?
Mariko : No. I am going to the Gion festival, and this is called a Yukata.
Matthew : Gion festival, Yukata, I don't understand.
Mariko : Oh, the Gion festival is very popular in Kyoto and today is the last day.
Matthew : But I haven't seen anything near my house or school.
Mariko : You are right. This festival is at the Yasaka Shrine near Shijo-Kawaramachi.
Matthew : I see. I haven't been there for a very long time. And is the Yutaka a special
Mariko : Not Yutaka, but YU-KA-TA. It is a summer kimono.
Matthew : Oh, I see. YU-KA-TA. I like your Yukata.
Mariko : You should also wear a Yukata, and come with us.
Matthew : Really? Men can wear this?
Mariko : Yes, of course. But men's Yukata are not so colorful. I think you will look good
in it.
Matthew : Thanks. I must go now. I have a Japanese class ten minutes from now.
Mariko : That's too bad. Please change it to another day.
Matthew That's too late for now.
Mariko : You must see the Gion festival. It is very famous in Japan.
Matthew : Sorry, Mariko, maybe next year, and I will then wear a YU-KA-TA.
Mariko : Ha, ha, ha! Bye.
MM31.ffirta(m.>-1-5-f ;>144) (174)-3

1. What was Mariko wearing?

(7) school uniform (-f) Yukata (ti) jeans
2 . Where has Matthew not been recently?
(7) school (4) Japanese class M Shijo-Kawaramachi
3 . Why is Matthew surprised?
(7) He will look good in a Yukata (4) Men can wear Yukata
(e;) He has a Japanese class ten minutes from now
4 . What is too late for Matthew?
(7) going to the Gion festival now
(4) changing the Japanese lesson to another day
(r,) wearing a Yukata now
5 . What is very famous in Japan?
(7) Yukata (4) Gion festival Shijo-Kawaramachi
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.16-'41-46'I 0 I o Mariko Paul p U i t o

Mariko : So you think that because there are too many people on this earth we have so
many world problems.
Paul : Yes, but I think that it is only one of the three reasons.
Mariko : What are the other reasons?
Paul : Well, there are many poor people and the...
Mariko : Wait, wait wait! I will guess. It is the bad air, the bad water, and the few trees.
Paul : Yes, that is right. When the air and rivers get bad, we lose important things
like clean air and good drinking water.
Mariko : We also lose rain, if we cut down the trees so fast.
Paul : Yes, I agree. Now, we also have too many people in this world.
Mariko : These people must live, and so they need many things like food and clothes. "
Paul : Yes, they will also make more bad air and bad water.
Mariko : Next, there are many poor people in this world.
Paul : Yes, many people in this world are poor.
Mariko : I think wars make people poor. Do you agree?
Paul : Yes, of course. So, many people run away to another place or country.
4 (17.) 705MIEMTIV-3(2
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Mariko : Now, I can see the many problems this world has. They are our problems.
Paul : Yes, they are all our problems.
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Many years ago I was visiting Italy. / I was in a beautiful town by the sea. / Many
people from other countries in Europe / come to this town in summer. / The tourists speak
many languages. / But I can only speak English. /
Once there was a traffic accident. / Four cars had crashed into each other, at an
intersection. / The crash was not serious. / The cars were together in the middle of the
intersection. / The drivers got out of their cars and were talking loudly. /
I could not understand them, because they were all speaking different languages. /
Suddenly, they became quiet, because they could not understand each other. / Then they
started talking again and this time I could understand them. / This is because they were
talking in English. /
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1 . Wars (A B C D E)
2 . Bad air and water, and few trees (A B C D E)
3 . Too many people in this world (A B C D E)
4 . Run away to another place' or country (A B C D E)
5 . Need more food and clothes (A B C D E)
a : 1 . wars A. 2 . air 3 . clothes *Z


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Once there a traffic accident. / Four cars had crashed each other, at an
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intersection. / The crash was

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10 11

I could not understand , because they were all speaking languages. /

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Suddenly, they became , because they could not each other. / Then they
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talking again and this time could understand them. / This because
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were talking English. /

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(1) An old woman is standing in the train. She looks very

tired. What will thegirlsayto her?
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(2) His school starts at 8:00. Today he woke up at 8:00. What will
he say?


Every Saturday, Grandpa and I walk to the nursing home near our house. We go to
visit many of the old and sick people who © (live) there because they can't watch and help
themselves now. "Whoever visits sick people gives them life," Grandpa always says. First we
visit Mrs. Sokol. I call her "The Cook." She was a famous cook back in Russia and she likes
to talk about it. People would come to the restaurant just to order her famous chicken soup.
Next we visit Mr. Meyer. I call him "The Joke Man." We sit around his coffee table, and he
tells us jokes. Some are very interesting. Some aren't. And some I don't get. He laughs at
his own jokes. Grandpa and I always laugh with him. Next door is Mr. Lipman. I call him
"The Singer" because he loves to sing for us . Whenever he sings, his voice is very beautiful

and strong. We always sing along with him. We visit Mrs. Kagan, "The Grandmother." She
shows us pictures of her grandchildren. They're all over the room. They're in albums, on the
walls, and so on. Mrs. Schrieber's room is © (fill) with memories. They come alive when she
tells us stories of her own experiences during the old days. I call her, "The Memory Woman."
Then there's Mr. Krull, "The Quiet Man." He doesn't have very much to say. He just listens
).>/fiF) (17) —7
when Grandpa or I talk to him. He nods and smiles, and tells us to come again next week.
That's the things everyone says to Grandpa and me. Sometimes it rains or snows, but every
week we come again. We walk together to visit our friends. The Cook, The Joke Man, The
Singer, The Grandmother, The Memory Woman and The Quiet Man.
One day Grandpa got very sick and had to go to the hospital. The doctors said they didn't
think he would ever get better. Saturday came and it was time to visit the nursing home. I was
so sad. I didn't want to visit them without Grandpa. Then I remembered Grandpa's words,
"® Nothing should stand in the way of doing a good deed." So I went alone. Everyone was
happy to see me. They were surprised when they didn't see Grandpa. I said to them, "He is sick
and in the hospital." "Everything is in God's hands," they said to me. "Do your best and God
will do the rest." The Cook went on to reveal some of her own ingredients. The Joke Man told
me his newjokes. The Singersang a song especiallyfor me. The Grandmother showed me more
pictures. The MemoryWoman shared more of her memories. When I visited The Quiet Man,
I asked him lots of questions. ® When I finished my questions, I talked about the things I
learned in school. After a while, I said good-bye to everyone. Everybody wished Grandpa for
his recovery when I left him.
A few days later, Grandpa was still in the hospital. He was not eating, he could not sit up
and he could barely speak. I went to the corner of the room becauseI didn't want to cry in front
of Grandpa. My mother took my place by the bed and held Grandpa's hand. The room was
dark and very quiet. Then the nurse came into the room and said, "You have some visitors."
"Is this the place with the party?" I heard a familiar voice. I lookedup. It was The Joke Man.
Behind him were The Cook, The Singer, The Grandmother, The Memory Woman, and The
Quiet Man. The Cook said to Grandpa, "I'll cook the great food for you when you get well."
She also brought him her chicken soup. "ChickenSoup? The thing which this man needs is a
big hamburger," said The Joke Man. He laughed a lot and everyonelaughed too. Then he told
us some new jokes. Everyone used tissues to dry their eyes from laughing so hard. Next, The
Grandmother showed Grandpa a get-well card © (make) by two of her grandchildren. There
was a picture of a clown (hold) balloons and they also wrote a message, "Get well soon!"

© (CD started singing / 10 we all / © and / ® sang along with him / © The Singer).
The Memory Woman told us how Grandpa once came to visit her in a storm, just to bring her
some roses for her birthday. Soon visiting hours were over. Everyone said a short prayer for
Grandpa. Then they said good-bye and said to him, "See you again soon. We are waiting for
you." That evening, Grandpa called the nurse in and said he was hungry. Soon he began to
sit up. Finally he got out of bed. Each day, Grandpa ® (feel) better and better, and he grew
stronger and stronger. Soon he was able to go home. 0 The doctors were very surprised.
They said his recovery was a medical miracle. But I knew the truth. Yes. His friends' visit
made him well.
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Grandpa is better now. Every Saturday, without fail, we walk together to visit our
friends. The Cook, The Joke Man, The Singer, The Grandmother, The Memory Woman, and
The Quiet Man.
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)) Grandpa and I visit the nursing home to give the old and sick people life.
(v) Mrs. Sokol, "The Cook," can cook food very well and has a restaurant in her town
which is famous for her delicious chicken soup.
(.)) Mr. Meyer never tells Grandpa and me interesting jokes. That's because he is called
"The Quiet Man ."

(i) Mr. Krull doesn't say anything and so Grandpa and I don't know how to call him.
() One day Grandpa got very sick. I felt so sad but I visited the nursing home without
;5',TIM-ii'_-1§74A(ii-7*--1';:, /T) (17*) -9


The Cook, The Joke Man and others said, "We will visit your Grandpa in the hospital


(6) The friends at the nursing home visited Grandpa in the hospital without telling him
and had a good time with him. After that he got better again.
(<) Grandpa is better now and I visit the nursing home with him again every month.

4 :X0AThliv-e, (2)V7-14-;_t/',0
Our sun produces a lot of ultraviolet radiation. Too much radiation is dangerous, but
between fifteen and fifty kilometers above the earth there is a layer of a gas called ozone. This
ozone layer protects the earth from the sun's dangerous radiation. ® If you make a hole in
the ozone layer, the radiation will come through the hole and do a lot of damage on earth.
We produce many gases which go high into the air and damage the ozone layer. In 1984 some
scientists found a hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica. The hole was as big as America. In
Chile, under this hole, many sheep now have eye problems. The sun's radiation also damages
people's bodies.
Some gases are called greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases hold the sun's warmth and
keep it near the earth. When the earth was young, the only greenhouse gas was CO2. The
earth didn't get too cold because of CO2. But today there is too much CO2. There are
other greenhouse gases too, and we produce billions of tons of them. Any kind of burning
produces CO2 and also NOx. Farming of animals and rice produces another greenhouse gas
called methane. Many chemicals produce gases called CFCs. America produces the most
greenhouse gases (25%), then Europe, then Russia and the countries around it.
The earth has two big ice caps, one in the north, in the Arctic and one in the south, in
Antarctica. Each ice cap contains many billions of tons of water. There are also billions of tons
of poisonous methane gas under the ice. If the weather is too warm, those ice caps will melt.
Water will cover the earth and the air will be full of methane gas. ® Scientists think the earth
is getting warmer because of all the greenhouse gases. Slowly, very slowly, the ice caps are
melting. Some scientists think the level of the sea will go up about forty centimeters by the
year 2100. Perhaps this does not sound much, but it is enough to cover many islands and a
lot of land near the sea. Many millions of people will lose their homes.
Many people think that these changes to our weather will be the biggest problem caused
by pollution in the next hundred years.
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() We are protected from the sun's dangerous radiation because of the ozone layer.
(v) A hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica found in 1984 was dangerous only for sheep.
0) Russia produces the second most greenhouse gases after the US.
(4 Many people think that these environmental problems like greenhouse gases will do
damage to us in the next hundred years.

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(1) I had cold and didn't come to school yesterday. May I ( ) your notebook?
(D borrow 0 buy © catch ® look
(2) I was looking forward to watching this movie, but unfortunately it was ( ).
CD surprised CD impressed 0 boring C) exciting
look forward to —ing unfortunately nt,
(3) ( ) is the process of speaking, writing, and so on. People exchange information through
this process.
© Priority 0 Volunteer (D Communication (D Recycling
process tif.i` information 'Ill*
(4) With a large ( ) , you won't get wet in the rain.
(D trash wallet 0 sweater C) umbrella
wet dal/Li::
(5) Singapore is the country ( ) my father loves so much.
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(1) I think the Internet is the expensivest thing of all that I have.

(2) After the party, people went to home in their cars.


(3) Do you know when will the concert start? We have no time to lose!

(4) She said her classmates a story about her trip to Europe during the winter vacation.

(5) I like playingsports. I am really

Binterestinginplayingbaseball at Saikyo High School.

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(H)( ) (i)( ) CO( )
TRAVELER : Oh, God. How kind you are! Thanks, boy! I can't speak Japanese. I can't
read Japanese, (A)e [6 30-1. Can you speak English?
SENICHI : Only a little.
TRAVELER : Good. My name is George, from New York, America. What is (B)y [5

SENICHI : SENICHI. Nice to meet you, George. Then what is your problem?
TRAVELER : Yes. I want to visit Yasaka Shrine. How can I get there, Senichi?
SENICHI : You should (0 t [4 Z7--'-]No.203 over there and get off at "Gion."
TRAVELER : Yes. How (D)1 [4 3C-4----]
does it take to get there?
SENICHI If there are so many cars on Shijyo Street, it may take 30 minutes.
TRAVELER : (E)P [6 Zr1? You mean about ten minutes?
SENICHI : Of course not. I said (F) "t [6 34-]", not "thirteen."
TRAVELER : I got it. I want to get there in an hour. So that'll be OK.
SENICHI : That's good. I hope you will enjoy your sightseeing.
TRAVELER : Thank you so much. I cannot thank you enough.
SENICHI : You are welcome. I am happy too.
12—(174) TAIK$74,-.--C.i>-1-,-(:;>-)
TRAVELER : I have a (G)q [8 3Zfr-], Senichi. You speak really good English. Have you
ever s [7 J-7-']English in a foreign country?
SENICHI : No. I have never been abroad, but English is my (1) f [8] subject. I
am a member of the English Club and study English almost every day. Learning
a foreign language will be (j) u [6] for everybody.
TRAVELER : I agree with you. Next time I will study a foreign language hard before my
trip to a foreign country. ARIGATOUGOZAIMASHITA, SENICHI-SAN.
SENICHI : DOUITASHIMASHITE. HAHAHAHAHA. Nice talking to you! Thank you,