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List of abbreviation used in medical

A
AA - Alcoholics Anonymous
AA - African American
AA - amino acid
AAA - abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAL - anterior axillary line
A>B - air conduction greater than bone conduction
ABBI - advanced breast biopsy instrument
ABC - aneurysmal bone cyst
ABD - abdomen
ABG - arterial blood gas
ABI - ankle to brachial index
ABP - androgen binding protein
Abx - antibiotics
ac - ante cibum (before meals)
AC - abdominal cicumference
AC - adriamycin, cyclophosphamide
ACA - anterior cerebral artery
ACBE - air contrast barium enema
ACE - angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACLS - advanced cardiac life support
ACS - American Cancer Society
ACT - activated clotting time
ACTH - adrenocorticotrophic hormne
ADA - American Diabetes Association
ADA - American Dental Association
ADA - American Dietetic Association
ADCC - antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
ADH - antidiuretic hormone
ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADI - acceptable daily intake
ADL - activities of daily living
ADR - adverse drug reaction
AED - automated external defibrillators
AES - adult emergency service

AF - afebrile
AF - acid-fast
AF - anterior fontanel
AF - aortofemoral
AF - atrial fibrillation
AFB - acid-fast bacillus
AFI - amniotic fluid index
AFP - alpha fetoprotein
AH - auditory hallucination
AHA - American Heart Association
AHG - antihemophilic globulin
AI - aortic insufficiency
AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIHA - autoimmune hemolytic anemia
AIS - abbreviated injury scale
AKA - above the knee amputation
AKA - also known as
al - left ear
ALA - aminolevulinic acid
ALL - acute lymphoblastic leukemia
ALOC - alternate level of care
ALS - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALS - advanced life support
ALT - alanine transaminase
AMA - anti-mitochondrial antibodies
AMA - against medical advice
AMA - American Medical Association
AMA - advanced maternal age
AMI - acute myocardial infarction
AMI - anterior myocardial infarction
AML - acute myeloblastic leukemia
AMN - adrenomyeloneuropathy
AMP - ampicillin
AMS - altered mental status
ANA - anti-nuclear antibodies
ANC - absolute neutrophil count
ANCA - antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
ANP - atrial natriuretic peptide
A&O - alert and oriented
AOB - alcohol on breath
AOM - acute otitis media
AP - anteroposterior
AP - angina pectoris
AP - acid phosphatase
APA - antiphospholipid antibody
APC - atrial premature contraction
APD - afferent pupillary defect
APR - abdominal perineal resection
APR - anterior posterior repair
APTT - activated partial thromboplastin time
APUD - amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation
ARDS - adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF - acute renal failure
ARF - acute rheumatic fever
AROM - artificial rupture of membrane
ART - anti-retroviral therapy
ART - assisted reproductive technologly
AS - aortic stenosis
ASA - acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASAP - as soon as possible
ASCAD - atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASCAD - atherosclerotic cerebal artery disease
ASCUS - atypical squamous cells of unknown significance
ASD - atrial septal defect
ASHD - atherosclerotic heart disease
ASD - antisocial personality disorder
ASO - anti-streptolysin O
ASP - antisocial personality
AST - aspartate aminotransferase
AT - atraumatic
AT - ataxia-telangiectasia
ATLS - advanced trauma life support
ATN - acute tubular necrosis
ATP - adenosine triphosphate
au - both ears
AV - atrioventricular
AV - arteriovenous
AV - aortic valve
AVF - arginine vasopressin
AVM - arteriovenous malformation
AVN - atrioventricular node
AVR - aortic valve replacement
AVRT - atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia
A&W - alive and well
AXR - abdominal x-ray
AZT - zidovudine

B
B1 - Billroth 1 gastroduodenostomy
B2 - Billroth 2 gastrojejunostomy
BAD - bipolar affective disorder
BAL - blood alcohol level
BB - bundle branch
BBB - blood brain barrier
BBB - bundle branch block
BBT - basal body temperature
BC - blood culture
BC - birth control
BCG - Bacille Calmette-Gurein (tuberculosis vaccine)
BCx - blood culture
BE - barium enema
BE - bacterial endocarditis
BFP - biological false positive
BIB - brought in by
BIBA - brought in by ambulance
bid - bis in dies (twice a day)
BKA - below the knee amputation
BLS - basic life support
BM - bowel movement
BM - black male
BMD - bone mass density
BMI - body mass index
BMR - basic metabolic rate
BMT - bone marrow transplant
BP - blood pressure
BPD - biparietal diameter
BPP - biophysical profile
BPH - benign prostatic hypertrophy
BRB - bright red blood
BRBPR - bright red blood per rectum
BS - bowel sounds
BS - breath sounds
BSA - body surface area
BSO - bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy
BTL - bilateral tubal ligation
BUFA - baby up for adoption
BUN - blood urea nitrogen
BW - black woman
BW - birth weight
Bx - biopsy

C
c - cum (with)
Ca - calcium
CA - cancer
CAB - carotid artery bruit
CABG - coronary artery bypass graft
CAD - coronary artery disease
CAE - carotid endartectomy?
CAGE - cut down, annoyed, guilty, eye-opener
CAH - chronic active hepatitis
CAH - congenital adrenal hyperplasia
CAH - command auditory hallucination
CAO - chronic airway obstruction
CAP - community acquired pneumonia
CAD - chest, abdomen, pelvis
CAT - computed axial tomography
CBC - complete blood count
CBD - common bile duct
CBF - cerebral blood flow
CC - chief complaint
CCB - calcium channel blocker
C/C/C - clubbing, cyanosis, edema
CC - chief complaint
CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CEA - carcinoembryonic antigen
CF - caucasian female
CF - cystic fibrosis
C/F - chills, fever
CF - citrovorum factor (leucovorin)
CFT - complement fixation testing
CFTR - cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
CGD - chronic granulomatous disease
CHD - congenital heart disease
CHF - congestive heart failure
CIN - cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CJD - Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease
CK - creatine kinase
CLL - chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CM - case manager
CMF - cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil
CML - chronic myeloid leukemia
CMT - cervical motion tenderness
CMV - cytomegalovirus
CN - cranial nerve
CNS - central nervous system
CO - cardiac output
c/o - compains of
COLD - chronic obstructive lung disease
COMT - catechol-O- methyltransferase
COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP - chest pain
CP - cerebral palsy
CPAP - continuous positive airway pressure
CPC - clinicopathologic conference
CPCR - cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation
CPD - cephalopelvic disproportion
CPI chronic uteralplacental insufficiency
CPK - creatine phosphokinase
CPP - cerebral perfusion pressure
CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF - chronic renal failure
CRH - corticotropin releasing hormone
CRI - chronic renal insufficiency
CRL - crown rump length
CRS - corticotropin-releasing hormone
C/S - Cesarean section
C&S - culture and sensitivity
CSF - cerebrospinal fluid
CSF - colony stimulating factor
CST - contraction stress test
CSW - case social worker
CT - computed tomography
CTA - clear to auscultation
CTZ - chemoreceptor trigger zone
CUPS - cancer of unknown primary site
CV - cardiovascular
CVA - cerebral vascular accident
CVA - costovertebral angle
CVOD - corporal veno-occlusive dysfunctioN
CVS - chorionic villus sampling
c/w - consistant with
CW - caucasian woman
CVP - central venous pressure
CVS - chorionic villous sampling
CXR - chest x-ray
CYA - cover your ass
CYE - charcoal yeast extract

D
D5W - 5% dextrose in water
D5WNS - 5% dextrose in normal saline
D50W - 50% dextrose in water
DA - developmental age
DA - dopamine
DAG - diacyl glycerol
DAP - Draw-a-Person Test
DAP - diaminopimelic acid
DAT - dementia of the Alzheimer type
DAW - dispense as written
D/C - discontinue
DC - discharge
D&C - dilation and curettage
DCIS - ductal carcinoma in situ
DDAVP - diamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin
DDC - dideoxycytidine
DDI - deoxyadenosine
Ddx - differential diagnosis
D&E - dilation and evacuation
DEB - diepoxybutane
DES - diethylstilbestrol
DEXA - dual emission x-ray aborption
DFS - disease free survival
DH - dermatits herpetiformis
DHEA - dehydroepiandrosterone
DHEAS - dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DHT - dihydrotestosterone
DI - diabetes insipidus
DIC - disseminated intravascular coagulation
DICC - dynamic infusion cavernosometry and cavernosography
DIT - diiodotyrosine
DKA - diabetic ketoacidosis
DM - diabetes mellitus
DMD - Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
DMPA - depo-provera
DMSA - dimercaptosuccinic acid
DNA - deoxyribose nucleic acid
DNKA - did not keep appointment
DNR - do not resuscitate
DO - disorder
DOA - dead on arrival
DOA - date of admission
DOB - date of birth
DOE - dyspnea on exertion
DOT - directly observed therapy
DP - dorsalis pedalis
DPI - dry powder inhaler
DPL - diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT - diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
DSA - digital subtraction angiography
DSD - detrusor-external sphincter dyssynergia
DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders
DST - dexamethasone suppression test
DT - delirium tremens
DTaP - diptheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis
DTP - diptheria, tetanus, pertussis (vaccine)
DTR - deep tendon reflex
DUB - dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DV - domestic violence
DVT - deep venous thrombosis
Dx - diagnosis

E
EBI - exercise induced bronchospasm
EBL - estimated blood loss
EBV - Epstein-Barr virus
EC - eye contact
ECASA - enteric coated acetylsalicylic acid
ECC - emergency cardiac care
ECF - extracellular fluid
ECG - electrocardiogram
ECMO - extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECR - endocavitary radiation
ECT - electroconvulsive therapy
ECV - external cephalic version
ED50 - effective dose in 50% population
EDC - estimated date of confinement
EDD - estimated delivery date
EDP - emotionally disturbed person
EDTA - ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EEG - electroencephalogram
EF - ejection fraction
EFW - estimated fetal weight
EGA - estimated gestational age
EGC - early gastric cancer
EGD - esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EGF - epidermal growth factor
EHBA - extrahepatic biliary atresia
EHEC - enterohemorrhagic e. coli
EIEC - enteroinvasive e. coli
EKG - electrocardiogram
ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMD - electromechanical dissociation
EMG - electronyogram
EMS - emergency medical services
EOMI - extraocular muscles intact
EPEC - enteropathogenic e. coli
EPP - end plate potential
EPS - extrapyramidal syndrome
EPS - expressed prostatic secretions
EPS - exophthalmos-producing substance
ERCP - endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERP - effective refractory period
ERV - expiratory reserve volume
ESL - English as second language
ESR - erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESS - empty sella syndrome
EST - exercise stress test
ESRD - end stage renal disease
ESWT - extracorporeal shock wave therapy
ETC - electron transport chain
ETEC - enterotoxic e. coli
EtOH - ethanol (alcohol)
EVS - endovaginal sonography
EW - emergency ward

F
F - father
F - female
FAP - familial adenomatous polyposis
FAS - fetal alcohol syndrome
FB - foreign body
F/C - fever, chills
FDA - Food and Drug Administration
FEF - forced expiratory flow
FEN - fluids, electrolytes, nutrition
FEV - forced expiratory volume
FFP - fresh frozen plasma
FH - family history
FH - fundal height
FHR - fetal heart rate
FL - femur length
FM - fetal movement
FNA - fine needle aspiration
FNF - finger to nose
FNH - follicular nodular hyperplasia?
FOB - father of baby
FOBT - fecal occult blood testing
FRC - functional residual capacity
FROM - free range of motion
FS - finger stick
FSE - fetal scalp electrode
FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
FT - full term
FTP - failure to progress
FTT - failure to thrive
F/U - follow up
FU - fluorouracil
FUO - fever of unknown origin
FVC - forced vital capacity

G
G6PD - glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GA - gestational age
GABA - gamma-amino butyric acid
GAD - generalized anxiety disorder
GAF - global assessment of function
GBM - glioblastoma multiforme
GBS - Guillain-Barré syndrome
GC - gonococcal
GCS - Glasgow Coma scale
GDM - gestational diabetes mellitus
GERD - gastroesophageal reflux disease
GETA - general endotracheal anesthesia
GIFT - gamete intrafallopian transfer
GFR - glomerular filtration rate
GGT - gamma-glutamyl transferase
GMC - generalized medical condition
GnRH - gonadotropine releasing hormone
GH - growth hormone
GHRH - growth hormone releasing hormone
GI - gastrointestinal
GIST - gastrointestinal stromal tumor
GLT - glucose loading test
GSW - gun shot wound
GTD - gestational trophoblastic disease
GTP - guanosine triphosphate
GTT - glucose tolerance test
GU - genitourinary

H
HA - headache
HA - hemolytic anemia
HAV - hepatitis A virus
HBV - hepatitis B virus
Hb - hemoglobin
HC - head circumference
hCG - human chorionic gonadotropin
hCS - human chorionic somatomammootropin
hct - hematocrit
HCTZ - hydrochlorothiazide
HCV - hepatitis C virus
HDL - high density lipoprotein
HDV - hepatitis D virus
HEENT - head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HEPA - high efficiency particulate air
HEV - hepatitis E virus
HIAA - 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid
HIB - hemophilus influenzae type B
HIDA - hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid
HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
HKS - heel knee shin
HLA - human leukocyte antigen
hMG - human menopausal gonadotropin
HMO - health maintenance organization
HNPCC - hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer
HP - hospital police
HPA - hypothalamic suppression test
HPI - history of present illness
hPL - human placental lactogen
HPV - human papillomavirus
HR - heart rate
HRCT - high resolution computed tomography
HRT - hormone replacement therapy
HSG - hysterosalpingogram
HSV - herpes simplex virus
HTLV - human T-cell leukemia virus
HTN - hypertension
HUS - hemolytic uremic syndrome
HVA - homovanillic acid

I
IA - intraarterial
IBD - inflammatory bowel disease
IBS - inflammatory bowel syndrome
IBW - ideal body weight
IC - inspiratory capacity
IC - immunocompromised
ICA - internal carotid artery
ICD-9 - International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision
ICH - intracerebral hemorrhage
ICM - intensive case manager
ICP - intracranial pressure
ICU - intensive care unit
I&D - incision and drainage
ID - infectious diseases
IDDM - insulin dependent diabetis mellitus
IFN - interferon
IGF - insulin-like growth factor
IHSS - idiopathic hypertropric subacute stenosis
IL - interleukin
IM - intramuscular
IMA - internal mammary artery
IMA - inferior mesenteric artery
IMV - inferior mesenteric vein
IMV - intermittent mandatory ventilation
INH - isoniazid
INO - internuclear opthalmoplegia
INR - international normalized ratio
I&O - ins and outs
IOC - intraoperative cholangiogram
ION - ischemic optic neuropathy
IOR - ideas of reference
IP - inpatient
IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
IPPB - intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPV - inactivated polio vaccine
IQ - intelligence quotient
IRV - inspiratory reserve volume
ISS - insulin sliding scale
ISS - injury severity score
ITP - idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IUD - intrauterine device
IUFD - intrauterine fetal death
IUGR - intrauterine growth restriction
IUI - intrauterine insemination
IUP - intrauterine pregnancy
IUPC - intrauterine pressure catheter
IV - intravenous
IVC - inferior vena cava
IVCD - intraventricular conduction delay
IVDSA - intravenous digital subtraction angiography
IVDU - intravenous drug use
IVF - intravenuous fluids
IVF - in vitro fertilization
IVH - intraventricular hemorrhage
IVIG - intravenous immune globulin
IVP - intravenous pyelogram
IVP - intravenous push

J
JCV - JC virus
JGA - juxtaglumerular apparatus
JP - Jackson-Pratt (tube)
JRA - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
JVD - jugular venous distension

K
KS - Kaposi sarcoma
KUB - kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)

L
LA - left atrium
LAAM - L-a-acetylmethadol
LAHB - left anterior hemiblock
LAD - lymphadenopathy
LAD - left anterior descending
LAD - leukocyte adhesion deficiency
LAP - leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LAFB - left anterior fascicular block
LAR - low anterior resection
LBBB - left bundle branch block
LBP - lower back pain
LBW - low birth weight
LCIS - lobular carcinoma in situ
LCME - Liaison Committee on Medical Education
LD50 - lethal dose in 50% population
LDH - lactase dehydrogenase
LDL - low density lipoprotein
LDR - labor and delivery room
LE - lower extremity
LE - leukocyte esterase
LES - lower esophageal sphincter
LEV - levamisole
LFD - low fat diet
LFT - liver function test
LGA - large for gestational age
LGV - lymphogranuloma venereum
LH - luteinizing hormone
LIH - left inguinal hernia
LLL - left lower lobe
LLQ - left lower quadrant
LMP - last menstural period
LOA - left occiput anterior
LOC - loss of conciousness
LOC - level of conciousness
LOF - loss of fluid
LOP - left occiput posterior
LOS - length of stay
LOT - left occiput transverse
LP - lumbar puncture
LPFB - left posterior fascicular block
LPHB - left posterior hemiblock
LR - lactated Ringer's
LSB - left sternal border
LSD - lysergic acid diethylamide
LSO - left salpingo-oophrectomy
LTX - leukotrienes
LUL - left upper lobe
LUQ - left upper quadrant
LV - left ventricle
LVH - left ventricular hypertrophy

M
M - mother
M - male
MABP - mean arterial blood pressure
MAC - mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex
MAC - minimum alveolar concentration
MAI - mycobacterium avium intracellulare
MAOI - monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAP - mean arterial pressure
MAS - meconium aspiration syndrome
MAT - multifocal atrial tachycardia
MBC - minimal bacteriocidal concentration
MCA - middle cerebral artery
MCH - mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC - mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL - mid clavicular line
MCO - managed care organization
MCTD - mixed connective tissue disease
MCV - mean corpuscular volume
MD - Medicinae Doctor
MD - muscular dystrophy
MDD - maximum daily dose
MDD - major depressive disorder
MDE - major depressive episode
MDI - metered dose inhaler
MEA - multiple endocrine adenomatosis
MEC - mininum effective concentration
MEFR - maximal expiratory flow rate
MEN - multiple endocrine neoplasia
MHC - major histocompatibility complex
MHPG - 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenylglycol
MI - myocardial infarction
MI - mitral insufficiency
MIC - minimal inhibitory concentration
MIF - müllerian inhibiting factor
MIT - monoiodotyrosine
MLD - metachromatic leukodystrophy
M&M - morbidity and mortality
MMEFR - maximal mid-expiratory flow rate
MMFR - maximal mid-expiratory flow rate
MMM - moist mucous membrane
MMPI - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MMR - measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)
MOPD - mechlorethamine, vincristine (Oncovin), procarbazine, prednisone
MR - mental retardation
MRA - magnetic resonance angiography
MRCP - magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRDD - maximum recommended daily dose
MRG - murmurs, rubs, and gallops
MRI - magnetic resonance imaging
MRM - modified radical mastectomy
MRPN - medical resident progress note
MRSA - methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRT - medical review team
MRT - magnetic resonance tomography
MS - multiple sclerosis
MS - mental status
MS - mitral stenosis
MS - morphine sulfate
MSAFP - maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein
MSD - mean sac diameter
MSE - mental status examination
MSG - monosodium glutamate
MSH - melanocyte stimulating hormone
MSO4 - morphine sulfate
MV - mitral valve
MVA - motor vehicle accident
MVI - multivitamin
MVP - mitral valve prolapse
MVR - mitral valve replacement
MVV - max voluntary ventilation

N
NAD - no acute distress
NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NBT - nitroblue tetrazolium reduction test
NC - normo-cephalic
NC - no change
NC - nasal canula
NCI - National Cancer Institute
ND - non-distended
NDI - nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
NE - norepinephrine
NEC - necroting enterocolitis
NGT - nasogastric tube
NHL - non-Hodgkins lymphoma
NIDDM - non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIF - negative inspiratory force
NIH - National Institutes of Health
NKDA - no known drug allergies
NM - neuromuscular
NMS - neuroleptic malignant syndrome
NOS - not otherwise specified
NPH - neutral protamine Hagedorn (regular insulin)
NPO - nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NPV - negative predictive value
NS - normal saline
NSAID - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSR - normal sinus rhythm
NST - nonstress test
NSVD - normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NT - non-tender
NTD - neural tube defect
NTD - nothing to do
NTG - nitroglycerine
N/V - nausea, vomiting
NVD - normal vaginal delivery

O
OA - occiput anterior
OAA - oxaloacetic acid
OCD - obsessive compulsive disorder
OCG - oral cholecystography
OCP - oral contraceptive pills
OCT - oxytocin challenge test
ODD - oppositional defiant disorder
OGTT - oral glucose tolerance test
ON - optic neuritis
OOB - out of bed
OP - occiput posterior
OPD - outpatient department
OPV - oral polio vaccine
ORIF - open reduction & internal fixation
OS - overall survival
OSA - obstructive sleep apnea
OTC - over the counter

P
PA - posteroanterior
PA - physician's assistant
PA - pulmonary artery
PA - patient
PAC - premature atrial contraction
PAH - p-aminohippuric acid
PAP - pulmonary artery pressure
PAT - pulseless atrial tachycardia
PBC - primary biliary cirrhosis
PBP - penicillin binding protein
PCA - patient controlled anesthesia
PCA - posterior cerebral artery
PCB - polychlorinated biphenyls
PCN - penicillin
PCO - polycystic ovaries
PCOS - polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCP - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCP - phencyclidine
PCP - primary care physician
PCR - polymerase chain reaction
PCTA - percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PCWP - pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD - peritoneal dialysis
PD - Parkinson's Disease
PDA - patent ductus arteriosus
PDGF - platelet derived growth factor
PE - pulmonary embolism
PE - physical exam
PEA - pulseless electrical activity
PEF - peak expiratory flow
PEEP - positive end expiratory pressure
PEG - percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEG - polyethylene glycol
PERRLA - pupils equal in size, round and reactive to light and accomodation
PES - pediactric emergency service
PET - positron emission tomography
PFT - pulmunary function test
PG - prostaglandin
PICC - peripherally inserted central catheter
PID - pelvic inflammatory disease
PICU - pediactric ICU
PIF - prolactin inhibiting factor
PIH - pregnancy induced hypertension
PKD - polycystic kidney disease
PKU - phenylketonuria
Plt - platelet
PMA - psychomotor agitation
PMD - primary medical doctor
PMH - past medical history
PMI - point of maximal impulse
PML - progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMP - post menopausal
PMR - psychomotor retardation
PMR - proportionate mortality rate
PMS - premenstrual syndrome
PND - paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PNET - primitive neuroectodermal tumor
PNS - peripheral nervous system
PNV - pre-natal vitamins
PO - per os (by mouth)
PO - parole officer
POC - products of conception
POD - post operative day
POEM - patient oriented evidence that matters
PPD - purified protein derivative (tuberculosis test)
PPD - pack per day
PPN - peripheral parenteral nutrition
PPROM - preterm premature rupture of membrane
PPV - positive pressure ventilation
PPV - positive predictive value
PR - per rectum
PRBC - packed red blood cells
PRN - as necessary
PROM - prolonged rupture of membrane
PSA - prostate serum antigen
PSA - polysubstance abuse
PSE - Present State Examination
PSH - past surgical history
PSS - progressive systemic sclerosis
PSTT - placental site trophoblastic tumor
PSUD - polysubstance use disorder
PSVT - paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT - prothrombin time
PT - physical therapy
PT - patient
PT - posterier tibialis
PTA - prior to admission
PTA - percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PTC - percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram
PTCA - percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTFE - polytetrafluoroethylene
PTH - parathyroid hormone
PTL - preterm labor
PTSD - post-traumatic stress disorder
PTT - partial prothrombin time
PTU - propylthiouracil
PTX - pneumothorax
PUBS - percutaneous umbilical blood sampling
PUD - peptic ulcer disease
PVC - premature ventral contraction
PVR - pulmonary vascular resistance
PVR - pulse volume recording
PVS - persistent vegetative state
PVT - pulseless ventricular tachycardia

Q
qd - once a day
qh - once every hour
qhs - once every day at night
qid - four times a day
QNS - quantity not sufficient
qod - every other day

R
RA - right atrium
RA - rheumatoid arthritis
RA - room air
RAD - reactive airway disease
RAIU - radioactive iodine uptake
RAM - rapid alternating movements
RBBB - right bundle branch block
RBC - red blood cell
RCA - right coronary artery
RDI - recommended daily intake
RDS - respiratory distress syndrome
RDW - red blood cell distribution of width
REE - resting energy expenditure
REM - rapid eye movements
RF - risk factor
r/g/m - rubs, gallops, murmurs
RHD - rheumatic heart disease
RID - radial immunodiffusion
RIH - right inguinal hernia
RIMA - reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase A
RISS - regular insulin sliding scale
RLL - right lower lobe
RLQ - right lower quadrant
RN - registered nurse
ROA - right occiput anterior
ROM - rupture of membrane
ROP - right occiput posterior
ROS - review of symptoms
ROT - right occiput transverse
RPF - renal plasma flow
RPR - rapid plasma reagin (syphilis test)
RR - respiratory rate
RRP - relative refractory period
RRR - regular rate and rhythm
RSB - right sternal border
RSO - right salpingo-oophrectomy
RSV - respiratory syncytial virus
RTA - renal tubular acidosis
RTC - return to clinic
RTF - residential treatment facility
RTS - revised trauma score
RUL - right upper lobe
RUQ - right upper quadrant
RV - right ventricle
RV - residual volume
RVH - right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx - treatment
RXN - reaction

S
SA - sinoatrial
SA - suicide attempt
SAB - spontaneous abortion
SAD - schizoaffective disorder
SAD - seasonal affective disorder
SAH - subarachnoid hemorrhage
SAM - S-adenosylhomocysteine
SBE - subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBO - small bowel obstruction
SBP - spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
SBS - shaken baby syndrome
SC - subcutaneous
SCID - severe combined immunodeficiency disease
SCT - Sentence Completion Test
SD - standard deviation
SDA - same day admission
SEM - systolic ejection murmur
SES - socio-economic status
SFNA -stereotactic fine needle aspiration
SGA - small for gestational age
SGOT - serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SI - suicidal ideations
SIADH - syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SICU - surgical ICU
SIDS - sudden infant death syndrome
SIL - squamous intraepithelial lesions
SL - sublingual
SLNTG - sublingual nitroglycerin
SLE - systemic lupus erythematosus
SMA6 - sequential multiple analyzer series 6 (electrolyte panel)
SMA - superior mesenteric artery
SMA - spinal muscle atrophy
SMR - sexual maturity rating
SMV - superior mesenteric vein
SMX - sulfamethoxazole
SNF - skilled nursing facility
SOB - shortness of breath
SP - suprapubic
S/P - status post
SPA - sperm penetration assay
SPECT - single photon emission computed tomography
SPEP - serum protein electrophoresis
SQ - subcutaneous
SR - sustained release
SROM - spontaneous rupture of membrane
SS - social security
SSE - sterile speculum examination
SSE - subacute spongiform encephalopathy
SSLF - sacral spinous ligament fixation
SSPE - subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
SSS - sick sinus syndrome
SSS - scalded skin syndrome
SST - somatostatin
STD - sexually transmitted disease
STSG - split thickness skin graft
SUZI - subzonal insertion
SV - stroke volume
SVC - superior vena cava
SVE - sterile vaginal examination
SVR - systemic vascular resistance
SVT - supraventricular tachycardia
SW - social work
SWL - shock wave lithotripsy
Sx - symptom

T
TAH - total abdominal hysterectomy
TAHBSO - total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TAPVR - total anomalous pulmonary venous return
TAS - transabdominal sonography
TAT - Thematic Aperception Test
TB - tuberculosis
TBI - traumatic brain injury
TBG - thyroid binding globulin
TBW - total body water
T&C - type and cross (blood)
TC - thought content
TC - therapeutic community
TCA - tricyclic antidepressant
TCBS - thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose
TCH - tetrahydrocannabinol
TCP - transcutaneous pacing
TD - tardive dyskinesia
TD50 - toxic dose in 50% population
TDF - testes-determining factor
TEE - transesophageal echocardiogram
TEM - transanal endoscopic microsurgery
TFT - thyroid function test
TGA - transient global amnesia
TGA - transposition of the great arteries
TGV - transposition of the great vessels
THC - transhepatic cholangiogram
THC - tetrahydrocannabinol
TI - therapeutic index
TIA - transient ischemic attack
TIBC - transferrin iron-binding capacity
tid - three times a day
TIG - tetanus immunoglobulin
TIPS - transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
tiw - three times a week
TLC - total lung capacity
Tm - maximal temperature
TM - tympanic membrane
TME - total mesorectal excision
TMP - trimethoprim
TNF - tumor necrosis factor
TNM - tumor, node, metastasis
TOA - tubo-ovarian abcess
TOC - tubo-ovarian complex
TOL - trial of labor
TOS - thoracic outlet syndrome
TP - thought process
tPA - tissue plasminogen activator
TPN - total parenteral nutrition
TPR - total peripheral resistance
T&R - treated & released
TRAM - transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (flap)
TRH - thyrotropin releasing hormone
T&S - type and screen (blood)
TSH - thyroid stimulating hormone
TSS - toxic shock syndrome
TSST - toxic shock syndrome toxin
TT - thrombin time
TTE - transthoracic echocardiogram
TTN - transient tachypnea of the newborn
TTP - thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TURP - transurethral resection of the prostate
TURBT - transurethral resection of bladder tumor
TV - tidal volume
TXA2 - thromboxane A2

U
UA - urinalysis
UC - ulcerative colitis
UE - upper extremity
UO - urine output
UPJ - ureteral pelvic junction
URI - upper respiratory infection
US - ultrasound
USOH - usual state of health
UTI - urinary tract infection
UTO - unable to obtain

V
VA - ventriculoatrial
VATS - video-assisted thoracoscopy
VB - vaginal bleeding
VBAC - vaginal birth after caesarean section
VC - vital capacity
VCUG - voiding cystourethrogram
VDRL - Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (syphilis test)
VF - ventricular fibrillation
VH - vaginal hysterectomy
VH - hallucination
VIN - vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia
VIP - vasoactive intestional peptide
VIP - voluntary interruption of pregnancy
VLDL - very low density lipoproteins
VMA - vanillylmandelic acid
VNS - visiting nurse service
VPC - ventricular premature contraction
VRS - volume reduction surgery
VS - vital signs
VSD - ventricular septal defect
VSS - vital signs stable
VT - ventricular tachycardia
VZV - varicella zoster virus

W
WAIS-R - Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Revised
WAGR - Wilm's tumor, aniridia, genitourinary malformation, mental retardation
WAS - Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
WB - whole blood
WBC - white blood cell
WCST - Wisconsin Card Sort Test
WD - well developed
W/D - withdrawal
WF - white female
WIC - walk in clinic
WISC-R - Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Revised
WM - white male
WN - well nourished
WNL - within normal limits
WPPSI - Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence
WPW - Wolf-Parkinson-White
w/r/r - wheezing, ronchi, rales

XYZ
XRT -external radiation therapy
XST - extra strength tylenol
ZE - Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
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JOHNHOPKINSDOC
Senior Veteran

Posts: 61
Credits: 864

Preparing for: DM - Cardiology

My Scrapbook Sat Sep 25, 2010 8:09 pm (1 day ago) #3

Common Medical Abbreviations


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A
AA - Alcoholics Anonymous
AA - African American
AA - amino acid
AAA - abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAL - anterior axillary line
A>B - air conduction greater than bone conduction
ABBI - advanced breast biopsy instrument
ABC - aneurysmal bone cyst
ABD - abdomen
ABG - arterial blood gas
ABI - ankle to brachial index
ABP - androgen binding protein
Abx - antibiotics
ac - ante cibum (before meals)
AC - abdominal cicumference
AC - adriamycin, cyclophosphamide
ACA - anterior cerebral artery
ACBE - air contrast barium enema
ACE - angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACLS - advanced cardiac life support
ACS - American Cancer Society
ACT - activated clotting time
ACTH - adrenocorticotrophic hormne
ADA - American Diabetes Association
ADA - American Dental Association
ADA - American Dietetic Association
ADCC - antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
ADH - antidiuretic hormone
ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADI - acceptable daily intake
ADL - activities of daily living
ADR - adverse drug reaction
AED - automated external defibrillators
AES - adult emergency service

AF - afebrile
AF - acid-fast
AF - anterior fontanel
AF - aortofemoral
AF - atrial fibrillation
AFB - acid-fast bacillus
AFI - amniotic fluid index
AFP - alpha fetoprotein
AH - auditory hallucination
AHA - American Heart Association
AHG - antihemophilic globulin
AI - aortic insufficiency
AIDS - acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIHA - autoimmune hemolytic anemia
AIS - abbreviated injury scale
AKA - above the knee amputation
AKA - also known as
al - left ear
ALA - aminolevulinic acid
ALL - acute lymphoblastic leukemia
ALOC - alternate level of care
ALS - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALS - advanced life support
ALT - alanine transaminase
AMA - anti-mitochondrial antibodies
AMA - against medical advice
AMA - American Medical Association
AMA - advanced maternal age
AMI - acute myocardial infarction
AMI - anterior myocardial infarction
AML - acute myeloblastic leukemia
AMN - adrenomyeloneuropathy
AMP - ampicillin
AMS - altered mental status
ANA - anti-nuclear antibodies
ANC - absolute neutrophil count
ANCA - antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
ANP - atrial natriuretic peptide
A&O - alert and oriented
AOB - alcohol on breath
AOM - acute otitis media
AP - anteroposterior
AP - angina pectoris
AP - acid phosphatase
APA - antiphospholipid antibody
APC - atrial premature contraction
APD - afferent pupillary defect
APR - abdominal perineal resection
APR - anterior posterior repair
APTT - activated partial thromboplastin time
APUD - amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation
ARDS - adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF - acute renal failure
ARF - acute rheumatic fever
AROM - artificial rupture of membrane
ART - anti-retroviral therapy
ART - assisted reproductive technologly
AS - aortic stenosis
ASA - acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASAP - as soon as possible
ASCAD - atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASCAD - atherosclerotic cerebal artery disease
ASCUS - atypical squamous cells of unknown significance
ASD - atrial septal defect
ASHD - atherosclerotic heart disease
ASD - antisocial personality disorder
ASO - anti-streptolysin O
ASP - antisocial personality
AST - aspartate aminotransferase
AT - atraumatic
AT - ataxia-telangiectasia
ATLS - advanced trauma life support
ATN - acute tubular necrosis
ATP - adenosine triphosphate
au - both ears
AV - atrioventricular
AV - arteriovenous
AV - aortic valve
AVF - arginine vasopressin
AVM - arteriovenous malformation
AVN - atrioventricular node
AVR - aortic valve replacement
AVRT - atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia
A&W - alive and well
AXR - abdominal x-ray
AZT - zidovudine

B
B1 - Billroth 1 gastroduodenostomy
B2 - Billroth 2 gastrojejunostomy
BAD - bipolar affective disorder
BAL - blood alcohol level
BB - bundle branch
BBB - blood brain barrier
BBB - bundle branch block
BBT - basal body temperature
BC - blood culture
BC - birth control
BCG - Bacille Calmette-Gurein (tuberculosis vaccine)
BCx - blood culture
BE - barium enema
BE - bacterial endocarditis
BFP - biological false positive
BIB - brought in by
BIBA - brought in by ambulance
bid - bis in dies (twice a day)
BKA - below the knee amputation
BLS - basic life support
BM - bowel movement
BM - black male
BMD - bone mass density
BMI - body mass index
BMR - basic metabolic rate
BMT - bone marrow transplant
BP - blood pressure
BPD - biparietal diameter
BPP - biophysical profile
BPH - benign prostatic hypertrophy
BRB - bright red blood
BRBPR - bright red blood per rectum
BS - bowel sounds
BS - breath sounds
BSA - body surface area
BSO - bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy
BTL - bilateral tubal ligation
BUFA - baby up for adoption
BUN - blood urea nitrogen
BW - black woman
BW - birth weight
Bx - biopsy

C
c - cum (with)
Ca - calcium
CA - cancer
CAB - carotid artery bruit
CABG - coronary artery bypass graft
CAD - coronary artery disease
CAE - carotid endartectomy?
CAGE - cut down, annoyed, guilty, eye-opener
CAH - chronic active hepatitis
CAH - congenital adrenal hyperplasia
CAH - command auditory hallucination
CAO - chronic airway obstruction
CAP - community acquired pneumonia
CAD - chest, abdomen, pelvis
CAT - computed axial tomography
CBC - complete blood count
CBD - common bile duct
CBF - cerebral blood flow
CC - chief complaint
CCB - calcium channel blocker
C/C/C - clubbing, cyanosis, edema
CC - chief complaint
CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CEA - carcinoembryonic antigen
CF - caucasian female
CF - cystic fibrosis
C/F - chills, fever
CF - citrovorum factor (leucovorin)
CFT - complement fixation testing
CFTR - cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
CGD - chronic granulomatous disease
CHD - congenital heart disease
CHF - congestive heart failure
CIN - cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CJD - Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease
CK - creatine kinase
CLL - chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CM - case manager
CMF - cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, fluorouracil
CML - chronic myeloid leukemia
CMT - cervical motion tenderness
CMV - cytomegalovirus
CN - cranial nerve
CNS - central nervous system
CO - cardiac output
c/o - compains of
COLD - chronic obstructive lung disease
COMT - catechol-O- methyltransferase
COPD - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP - chest pain
CP - cerebral palsy
CPAP - continuous positive airway pressure
CPC - clinicopathologic conference
CPCR - cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation
CPD - cephalopelvic disproportion
CPI chronic uteralplacental insufficiency
CPK - creatine phosphokinase
CPP - cerebral perfusion pressure
CPR - cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF - chronic renal failure
CRH - corticotropin releasing hormone
CRI - chronic renal insufficiency
CRL - crown rump length
CRS - corticotropin-releasing hormone
C/S - Cesarean section
C&S - culture and sensitivity
CSF - cerebrospinal fluid
CSF - colony stimulating factor
CST - contraction stress test
CSW - case social worker
CT - computed tomography
CTA - clear to auscultation
CTZ - chemoreceptor trigger zone
CUPS - cancer of unknown primary site
CV - cardiovascular
CVA - cerebral vascular accident
CVA - costovertebral angle
CVOD - corporal veno-occlusive dysfunctioN
CVS - chorionic villus sampling
c/w - consistant with
CW - caucasian woman
CVP - central venous pressure
CVS - chorionic villous sampling
CXR - chest x-ray
CYA - cover your ass
CYE - charcoal yeast extract

D
D5W - 5% dextrose in water
D5WNS - 5% dextrose in normal saline
D50W - 50% dextrose in water
DA - developmental age
DA - dopamine
DAG - diacyl glycerol
DAP - Draw-a-Person Test
DAP - diaminopimelic acid
DAT - dementia of the Alzheimer type
DAW - dispense as written
D/C - discontinue
DC - discharge
D&C - dilation and curettage
DCIS - ductal carcinoma in situ
DDAVP - diamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin
DDC - dideoxycytidine
DDI - deoxyadenosine
Ddx - differential diagnosis
D&E - dilation and evacuation
DEB - diepoxybutane
DES - diethylstilbestrol
DEXA - dual emission x-ray aborption
DFS - disease free survival
DH - dermatits herpetiformis
DHEA - dehydroepiandrosterone
DHEAS - dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DHT - dihydrotestosterone
DI - diabetes insipidus
DIC - disseminated intravascular coagulation
DICC - dynamic infusion cavernosometry and cavernosography
DIT - diiodotyrosine
DKA - diabetic ketoacidosis
DM - diabetes mellitus
DMD - Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
DMPA - depo-provera
DMSA - dimercaptosuccinic acid
DNA - deoxyribose nucleic acid
DNKA - did not keep appointment
DNR - do not resuscitate
DO - disorder
DOA - dead on arrival
DOA - date of admission
DOB - date of birth
DOE - dyspnea on exertion
DOT - directly observed therapy
DP - dorsalis pedalis
DPI - dry powder inhaler
DPL - diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT - diptheria, pertussis, tetanus
DSA - digital subtraction angiography
DSD - detrusor-external sphincter dyssynergia
DSM - Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders
DST - dexamethasone suppression test
DT - delirium tremens
DTaP - diptheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis
DTP - diptheria, tetanus, pertussis (vaccine)
DTR - deep tendon reflex
DUB - dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DV - domestic violence
DVT - deep venous thrombosis
Dx - diagnosis

E
EBI - exercise induced bronchospasm
EBL - estimated blood loss
EBV - Epstein-Barr virus
EC - eye contact
ECASA - enteric coated acetylsalicylic acid
ECC - emergency cardiac care
ECF - extracellular fluid
ECG - electrocardiogram
ECMO - extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECR - endocavitary radiation
ECT - electroconvulsive therapy
ECV - external cephalic version
ED50 - effective dose in 50% population
EDC - estimated date of confinement
EDD - estimated delivery date
EDP - emotionally disturbed person
EDTA - ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
EEG - electroencephalogram
EF - ejection fraction
EFW - estimated fetal weight
EGA - estimated gestational age
EGC - early gastric cancer
EGD - esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EGF - epidermal growth factor
EHBA - extrahepatic biliary atresia
EHEC - enterohemorrhagic e. coli
EIEC - enteroinvasive e. coli
EKG - electrocardiogram
ELISA - enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMD - electromechanical dissociation
EMG - electronyogram
EMS - emergency medical services
EOMI - extraocular muscles intact
EPEC - enteropathogenic e. coli
EPP - end plate potential
EPS - extrapyramidal syndrome
EPS - expressed prostatic secretions
EPS - exophthalmos-producing substance
ERCP - endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERP - effective refractory period
ERV - expiratory reserve volume
ESL - English as second language
ESR - erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESS - empty sella syndrome
EST - exercise stress test
ESRD - end stage renal disease
ESWT - extracorporeal shock wave therapy
ETC - electron transport chain
ETEC - enterotoxic e. coli
EtOH - ethanol (alcohol)
EVS - endovaginal sonography
EW - emergency ward

F
F - father
F - female
FAP - familial adenomatous polyposis
FAS - fetal alcohol syndrome
FB - foreign body
F/C - fever, chills
FDA - Food and Drug Administration
FEF - forced expiratory flow
FEN - fluids, electrolytes, nutrition
FEV - forced expiratory volume
FFP - fresh frozen plasma
FH - family history
FH - fundal height
FHR - fetal heart rate
FL - femur length
FM - fetal movement
FNA - fine needle aspiration
FNF - finger to nose
FNH - follicular nodular hyperplasia?
FOB - father of baby
FOBT - fecal occult blood testing
FRC - functional residual capacity
FROM - free range of motion
FS - finger stick
FSE - fetal scalp electrode
FSH - follicle stimulating hormone
FT - full term
FTP - failure to progress
FTT - failure to thrive
F/U - follow up
FU - fluorouracil
FUO - fever of unknown origin
FVC - forced vital capacity

G
G6PD - glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
GA - gestational age
GABA - gamma-amino butyric acid
GAD - generalized anxiety disorder
GAF - global assessment of function
GBM - glioblastoma multiforme
GBS - Guillain-Barré syndrome
GC - gonococcal
GCS - Glasgow Coma scale
GDM - gestational diabetes mellitus
GERD - gastroesophageal reflux disease
GETA - general endotracheal anesthesia
GIFT - gamete intrafallopian transfer
GFR - glomerular filtration rate
GGT - gamma-glutamyl transferase
GMC - generalized medical condition
GnRH - gonadotropine releasing hormone
GH - growth hormone
GHRH - growth hormone releasing hormone
GI - gastrointestinal
GIST - gastrointestinal stromal tumor
GLT - glucose loading test
GSW - gun shot wound
GTD - gestational trophoblastic disease
GTP - guanosine triphosphate
GTT - glucose tolerance test
GU - genitourinary

H
HA - headache
HA - hemolytic anemia
HAV - hepatitis A virus
HBV - hepatitis B virus
Hb - hemoglobin
HC - head circumference
hCG - human chorionic gonadotropin
hCS - human chorionic somatomammootropin
hct - hematocrit
HCTZ - hydrochlorothiazide
HCV - hepatitis C virus
HDL - high density lipoprotein
HDV - hepatitis D virus
HEENT - head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HEPA - high efficiency particulate air
HEV - hepatitis E virus
HIAA - 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid
HIB - hemophilus influenzae type B
HIDA - hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid
HIV - human immunodeficiency virus
HKS - heel knee shin
HLA - human leukocyte antigen
hMG - human menopausal gonadotropin
HMO - health maintenance organization
HNPCC - hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer
HP - hospital police
HPA - hypothalamic suppression test
HPI - history of present illness
hPL - human placental lactogen
HPV - human papillomavirus
HR - heart rate
HRCT - high resolution computed tomography
HRT - hormone replacement therapy
HSG - hysterosalpingogram
HSV - herpes simplex virus
HTLV - human T-cell leukemia virus
HTN - hypertension
HUS - hemolytic uremic syndrome
HVA - homovanillic acid

I
IA - intraarterial
IBD - inflammatory bowel disease
IBS - inflammatory bowel syndrome
IBW - ideal body weight
IC - inspiratory capacity
IC - immunocompromised
ICA - internal carotid artery
ICD-9 - International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision
ICH - intracerebral hemorrhage
ICM - intensive case manager
ICP - intracranial pressure
ICU - intensive care unit
I&D - incision and drainage
ID - infectious diseases
IDDM - insulin dependent diabetis mellitus
IFN - interferon
IGF - insulin-like growth factor
IHSS - idiopathic hypertropric subacute stenosis
IL - interleukin
IM - intramuscular
IMA - internal mammary artery
IMA - inferior mesenteric artery
IMV - inferior mesenteric vein
IMV - intermittent mandatory ventilation
INH - isoniazid
INO - internuclear opthalmoplegia
INR - international normalized ratio
I&O - ins and outs
IOC - intraoperative cholangiogram
ION - ischemic optic neuropathy
IOR - ideas of reference
IP - inpatient
IPF - idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
IPPB - intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPV - inactivated polio vaccine
IQ - intelligence quotient
IRV - inspiratory reserve volume
ISS - insulin sliding scale
ISS - injury severity score
ITP - idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IUD - intrauterine device
IUFD - intrauterine fetal death
IUGR - intrauterine growth restriction
IUI - intrauterine insemination
IUP - intrauterine pregnancy
IUPC - intrauterine pressure catheter
IV - intravenous
IVC - inferior vena cava
IVCD - intraventricular conduction delay
IVDSA - intravenous digital subtraction angiography
IVDU - intravenous drug use
IVF - intravenuous fluids
IVF - in vitro fertilization
IVH - intraventricular hemorrhage
IVIG - intravenous immune globulin
IVP - intravenous pyelogram
IVP - intravenous push

J
JCV - JC virus
JGA - juxtaglumerular apparatus
JP - Jackson-Pratt (tube)
JRA - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
JVD - jugular venous distension

K
KS - Kaposi sarcoma
KUB - kidney, ureter, bladder (x-ray)

L
LA - left atrium
LAAM - L-a-acetylmethadol
LAHB - left anterior hemiblock
LAD - lymphadenopathy
LAD - left anterior descending
LAD - leukocyte adhesion deficiency
LAP - leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LAFB - left anterior fascicular block
LAR - low anterior resection
LBBB - left bundle branch block
LBP - lower back pain
LBW - low birth weight
LCIS - lobular carcinoma in situ
LCME - Liaison Committee on Medical Education
LD50 - lethal dose in 50% population
LDH - lactase dehydrogenase
LDL - low density lipoprotein
LDR - labor and delivery room
LE - lower extremity
LE - leukocyte esterase
LES - lower esophageal sphincter
LEV - levamisole
LFD - low fat diet
LFT - liver function test
LGA - large for gestational age
LGV - lymphogranuloma venereum
LH - luteinizing hormone
LIH - left inguinal hernia
LLL - left lower lobe
LLQ - left lower quadrant
LMP - last menstural period
LOA - left occiput anterior
LOC - loss of conciousness
LOC - level of conciousness
LOF - loss of fluid
LOP - left occiput posterior
LOS - length of stay
LOT - left occiput transverse
LP - lumbar puncture
LPFB - left posterior fascicular block
LPHB - left posterior hemiblock
LR - lactated Ringer's
LSB - left sternal border
LSD - lysergic acid diethylamide
LSO - left salpingo-oophrectomy
LTX - leukotrienes
LUL - left upper lobe
LUQ - left upper quadrant
LV - left ventricle
LVH - left ventricular hypertrophy

M
M - mother
M - male
MABP - mean arterial blood pressure
MAC - mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex
MAC - minimum alveolar concentration
MAI - mycobacterium avium intracellulare
MAOI - monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAP - mean arterial pressure
MAS - meconium aspiration syndrome
MAT - multifocal atrial tachycardia
MBC - minimal bacteriocidal concentration
MCA - middle cerebral artery
MCH - mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC - mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL - mid clavicular line
MCO - managed care organization
MCTD - mixed connective tissue disease
MCV - mean corpuscular volume
MD - Medicinae Doctor
MD - muscular dystrophy
MDD - maximum daily dose
MDD - major depressive disorder
MDE - major depressive episode
MDI - metered dose inhaler
MEA - multiple endocrine adenomatosis
MEC - mininum effective concentration
MEFR - maximal expiratory flow rate
MEN - multiple endocrine neoplasia
MHC - major histocompatibility complex
MHPG - 3-methoxy 4-hydroxyphenylglycol
MI - myocardial infarction
MI - mitral insufficiency
MIC - minimal inhibitory concentration
MIF - müllerian inhibiting factor
MIT - monoiodotyrosine
MLD - metachromatic leukodystrophy
M&M - morbidity and mortality
MMEFR - maximal mid-expiratory flow rate
MMFR - maximal mid-expiratory flow rate
MMM - moist mucous membrane
MMPI - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MMR - measles, mumps, rubella (vaccine)
MOPD - mechlorethamine, vincristine (Oncovin), procarbazine, prednisone
MR - mental retardation
MRA - magnetic resonance angiography
MRCP - magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRDD - maximum recommended daily dose
MRG - murmurs, rubs, and gallops
MRI - magnetic resonance imaging
MRM - modified radical mastectomy
MRPN - medical resident progress note
MRSA - methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRT - medical review team
MRT - magnetic resonance tomography
MS - multiple sclerosis
MS - mental status
MS - mitral stenosis
MS - morphine sulfate
MSAFP - maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein
MSD - mean sac diameter
MSE - mental status examination
MSG - monosodium glutamate
MSH - melanocyte stimulating hormone
MSO4 - morphine sulfate
MV - mitral valve
MVA - motor vehicle accident
MVI - multivitamin
MVP - mitral valve prolapse
MVR - mitral valve replacement
MVV - max voluntary ventilation

N
NAD - no acute distress
NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NBT - nitroblue tetrazolium reduction test
NC - normo-cephalic
NC - no change
NC - nasal canula
NCI - National Cancer Institute
ND - non-distended
NDI - nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
NE - norepinephrine
NEC - necroting enterocolitis
NGT - nasogastric tube
NHL - non-Hodgkins lymphoma
NIDDM - non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIF - negative inspiratory force
NIH - National Institutes of Health
NKDA - no known drug allergies
NM - neuromuscular
NMS - neuroleptic malignant syndrome
NOS - not otherwise specified
NPH - neutral protamine Hagedorn (regular insulin)
NPO - nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NPV - negative predictive value
NS - normal saline
NSAID - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSR - normal sinus rhythm
NST - nonstress test
NSVD - normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NT - non-tender
NTD - neural tube defect
NTD - nothing to do
NTG - nitroglycerine
N/V - nausea, vomiting
NVD - normal vaginal delivery

O
OA - occiput anterior
OAA - oxaloacetic acid
OCD - obsessive compulsive disorder
OCG - oral cholecystography
OCP - oral contraceptive pills
OCT - oxytocin challenge test
ODD - oppositional defiant disorder
OGTT - oral glucose tolerance test
ON - optic neuritis
OOB - out of bed
OP - occiput posterior
OPD - outpatient department
OPV - oral polio vaccine
ORIF - open reduction & internal fixation
OS - overall survival
OSA - obstructive sleep apnea
OTC - over the counter

P
PA - posteroanterior
PA - physician's assistant
PA - pulmonary artery
PA - patient
PAC - premature atrial contraction
PAH - p-aminohippuric acid
PAP - pulmonary artery pressure
PAT - pulseless atrial tachycardia
PBC - primary biliary cirrhosis
PBP - penicillin binding protein
PCA - patient controlled anesthesia
PCA - posterior cerebral artery
PCB - polychlorinated biphenyls
PCN - penicillin
PCO - polycystic ovaries
PCOS - polycystic ovarian syndrome
PCP - Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCP - phencyclidine
PCP - primary care physician
PCR - polymerase chain reaction
PCTA - percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PCWP - pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD - peritoneal dialysis
PD - Parkinson's Disease
PDA - patent ductus arteriosus
PDGF - platelet derived growth factor
PE - pulmonary embolism
PE - physical exam
PEA - pulseless electrical activity
PEF - peak expiratory flow
PEEP - positive end expiratory pressure
PEG - percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEG - polyethylene glycol
PERRLA - pupils equal in size, round and reactive to light and accomodation
PES - pediactric emergency service
PET - positron emission tomography
PFT - pulmunary function test
PG - prostaglandin
PICC - peripherally inserted central catheter
PID - pelvic inflammatory disease
PICU - pediactric ICU
PIF - prolactin inhibiting factor
PIH - pregnancy induced hypertension
PKD - polycystic kidney disease
PKU - phenylketonuria
Plt - platelet
PMA - psychomotor agitation
PMD - primary medical doctor
PMH - past medical history
PMI - point of maximal impulse
PML - progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMP - post menopausal
PMR - psychomotor retardation
PMR - proportionate mortality rate
PMS - premenstrual syndrome
PND - paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PNET - primitive neuroectodermal tumor
PNS - peripheral nervous system
PNV - pre-natal vitamins
PO - per os (by mouth)
PO - parole officer
POC - products of conception
POD - post operative day
POEM - patient oriented evidence that matters
PPD - purified protein derivative (tuberculosis test)
PPD - pack per day
PPN - peripheral parenteral nutrition
PPROM - preterm premature rupture of membrane
PPV - positive pressure ventilation
PPV - positive predictive value
PR - per rectum
PRBC - packed red blood cells
PRN - as necessary
PROM - prolonged rupture of membrane
PSA - prostate serum antigen
PSA - polysubstance abuse
PSE - Present State Examination
PSH - past surgical history
PSS - progressive systemic sclerosis
PSTT - placental site trophoblastic tumor
PSUD - polysubstance use disorder
PSVT - paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT - prothrombin time
PT - physical therapy
PT - patient
PT - posterier tibialis
PTA - prior to admission
PTA - percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PTC - percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram
PTCA - percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTFE - polytetrafluoroethylene
PTH - parathyroid hormone
PTL - preterm labor
PTSD - post-traumatic stress disorder
PTT - partial prothrombin time
PTU - propylthiouracil
PTX - pneumothorax
PUBS - percutaneous umbilical blood sampling
PUD - peptic ulcer disease
PVC - premature ventral contraction
PVR - pulmonary vascular resistance
PVR - pulse volume recording
PVS - persistent vegetative state
PVT - pulseless ventricular tachycardia

Q
qd - once a day
qh - once every hour
qhs - once every day at night
qid - four times a day
QNS - quantity not sufficient
qod - every other day

R
RA - right atrium
RA - rheumatoid arthritis
RA - room air
RAD - reactive airway disease
RAIU - radioactive iodine uptake
RAM - rapid alternating movements
RBBB - right bundle branch block
RBC - red blood cell
RCA - right coronary artery
RDI - recommended daily intake
RDS - respiratory distress syndrome
RDW - red blood cell distribution of width
REE - resting energy expenditure
REM - rapid eye movements
RF - risk factor
r/g/m - rubs, gallops, murmurs
RHD - rheumatic heart disease
RID - radial immunodiffusion
RIH - right inguinal hernia
RIMA - reversible inhibitors of monoamine oxidase A
RISS - regular insulin sliding scale
RLL - right lower lobe
RLQ - right lower quadrant
RN - registered nurse
ROA - right occiput anterior
ROM - rupture of membrane
ROP - right occiput posterior
ROS - review of symptoms
ROT - right occiput transverse
RPF - renal plasma flow
RPR - rapid plasma reagin (syphilis test)
RR - respiratory rate
RRP - relative refractory period
RRR - regular rate and rhythm
RSB - right sternal border
RSO - right salpingo-oophrectomy
RSV - respiratory syncytial virus
RTA - renal tubular acidosis
RTC - return to clinic
RTF - residential treatment facility
RTS - revised trauma score
RUL - right upper lobe
RUQ - right upper quadrant
RV - right ventricle
RV - residual volume
RVH - right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx - treatment
RXN - reaction

S
SA - sinoatrial
SA - suicide attempt
SAB - spontaneous abortion
SAD - schizoaffective disorder
SAD - seasonal affective disorder
SAH - subarachnoid hemorrhage
SAM - S-adenosylhomocysteine
SBE - subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBO - small bowel obstruction
SBP - spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
SBS - shaken baby syndrome
SC - subcutaneous
SCID - severe combined immunodeficiency disease
SCT - Sentence Completion Test
SD - standard deviation
SDA - same day admission
SEM - systolic ejection murmur
SES - socio-economic status
SFNA -stereotactic fine needle aspiration
SGA - small for gestational age
SGOT - serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SI - suicidal ideations
SIADH - syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
SICU - surgical ICU
SIDS - sudden infant death syndrome
SIL - squamous intraepithelial lesions
SL - sublingual
SLNTG - sublingual nitroglycerin
SLE - systemic lupus erythematosus
SMA6 - sequential multiple analyzer series 6 (electrolyte panel)
SMA - superior mesenteric artery
SMA - spinal muscle atrophy
SMR - sexual maturity rating
SMV - superior mesenteric vein
SMX - sulfamethoxazole
SNF - skilled nursing facility
SOB - shortness of breath
SP - suprapubic
S/P - status post
SPA - sperm penetration assay
SPECT - single photon emission computed tomography
SPEP - serum protein electrophoresis
SQ - subcutaneous
SR - sustained release
SROM - spontaneous rupture of membrane
SS - social security
SSE - sterile speculum examination
SSE - subacute spongiform encephalopathy
SSLF - sacral spinous ligament fixation
SSPE - subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
SSS - sick sinus syndrome
SSS - scalded skin syndrome
SST - somatostatin
STD - sexually transmitted disease
STSG - split thickness skin graft
SUZI - subzonal insertion
SV - stroke volume
SVC - superior vena cava
SVE - sterile vaginal examination
SVR - systemic vascular resistance
SVT - supraventricular tachycardia
SW - social work
SWL - shock wave lithotripsy
Sx - symptom

T
TAH - total abdominal hysterectomy
TAHBSO - total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TAPVR - total anomalous pulmonary venous return
TAS - transabdominal sonography
TAT - Thematic Aperception Test
TB - tuberculosis
TBI - traumatic brain injury
TBG - thyroid binding globulin
TBW - total body water
T&C - type and cross (blood)
TC - thought content
TC - therapeutic community
TCA - tricyclic antidepressant
TCBS - thiosulfate citrate bile salts sucrose
TCH - tetrahydrocannabinol
TCP - transcutaneous pacing
TD - tardive dyskinesia
TD50 - toxic dose in 50% population
TDF - testes-determining factor
TEE - transesophageal echocardiogram
TEM - transanal endoscopic microsurgery
TFT - thyroid function test
TGA - transient global amnesia
TGA - transposition of the great arteries
TGV - transposition of the great vessels
THC - transhepatic cholangiogram
THC - tetrahydrocannabinol
TI - therapeutic index
TIA - transient ischemic attack
TIBC - transferrin iron-binding capacity
tid - three times a day
TIG - tetanus immunoglobulin
TIPS - transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
tiw - three times a week
TLC - total lung capacity
Tm - maximal temperature
TM - tympanic membrane
TME - total mesorectal excision
TMP - trimethoprim
TNF - tumor necrosis factor
TNM - tumor, node, metastasis
TOA - tubo-ovarian abcess
TOC - tubo-ovarian complex
TOL - trial of labor
TOS - thoracic outlet syndrome
TP - thought process
tPA - tissue plasminogen activator
TPN - total parenteral nutrition
TPR - total peripheral resistance
T&R - treated & released
TRAM - transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (flap)
TRH - thyrotropin releasing hormone
T&S - type and screen (blood)
TSH - thyroid stimulating hormone
TSS - toxic shock syndrome
TSST - toxic shock syndrome toxin
TT - thrombin time
TTE - transthoracic echocardiogram
TTN - transient tachypnea of the newborn
TTP - thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TURP - transurethral resection of the prostate
TURBT - transurethral resection of bladder tumor
TV - tidal volume
TXA2 - thromboxane A2

U
UA - urinalysis
UC - ulcerative colitis
UE - upper extremity
UO - urine output
UPJ - ureteral pelvic junction
URI - upper respiratory infection
US - ultrasound
USOH - usual state of health
UTI - urinary tract infection
UTO - unable to obtain

V
VA - ventriculoatrial
VATS - video-assisted thoracoscopy
VB - vaginal bleeding
VBAC - vaginal birth after caesarean section
VC - vital capacity
VCUG - voiding cystourethrogram
VDRL - Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (syphilis test)
VF - ventricular fibrillation
VH - vaginal hysterectomy
VH - hallucination
VIN - vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia
VIP - vasoactive intestional peptide
VIP - voluntary interruption of pregnancy
VLDL - very low density lipoproteins
VMA - vanillylmandelic acid
VNS - visiting nurse service
VPC - ventricular premature contraction
VRS - volume reduction surgery
VS - vital signs
VSD - ventricular septal defect
VSS - vital signs stable
VT - ventricular tachycardia
VZV - varicella zoster virus

W
WAIS-R - Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Revised
WAGR - Wilm's tumor, aniridia, genitourinary malformation, mental retardation
WAS - Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
WB - whole blood
WBC - white blood cell
WCST - Wisconsin Card Sort Test
WD - well developed
W/D - withdrawal
WF - white female
WIC - walk in clinic
WISC-R - Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Revised
WM - white male
WN - well nourished
WNL - within normal limits
WPPSI - Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence
WPW - Wolf-Parkinson-White
w/r/r - wheezing, ronchi, rales

XYZ
XRT -external radiation therapy
XST - extra strength tylenol
ZE - Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
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JOHNHOPKINSDOC
Senior Veteran

Posts: 61
Credits: 864

Preparing for: DM - Cardiology

My Scrapbook Sat Sep 25, 2010 8:11 pm (1 day ago) #4

Medical abbreviations of general interest include:


•Ac: before meals
•ad lib: at will, as desired
•adm: admission, admitted
•ASAP: as soon as possible
•Bid: twice a day
•Bm: bowel movement
•BP: blood pressure
•BRP: bathroom privileges
•C: Centigrade, Celsius
•Cap: capsule
•CC: chief complaint
•cc: cubic centimeter
•c/o: complains of
•C02: carbon dioxide
•CPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitation
•CXR: chest x-ray
•d/c: discontinue or discharge
•ECG or EKG: electrocardiogram
•EBL: estimated blood loss
•ER: emergency room
•F: Fahrenheit
•Fb: foreign body
•fx: fracture
•gtt: drop-liquid measurement
•H & P: history and physical
•HR: heart rate
•hr: hour
•hs: hour of sleep (bedtime)
•H20: water
•i: 1
•ii: 2
•iii: 3
•iv: 4
•v: 5
•I & O: intake and output
•IDDM: insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
•IV: intravenous
•IM: intramuscular
•Mg: milligram
•Ml: milliliter
•MVA: motor vehicle accident
•NPO: nothing by mouth
•NTG: nitroglycerin
•O2: oxygen
•OD: right eye
•OS: left eye
•OU: both eyes
•post-op: postoperative (after surgery)
•pre-op: preoperative (before surgery)
•po: by mouth
•pt: patient
•prn: as needed
•pc: after meals
•qd: every day
•qh: every hour
•qid: four times a day
•qod: every other day
•Rx: prescription, treatment
•sc/sq: subcutaneous
•s: without
•sx: symptoms
•s/s: signs and symptoms
•stat: immediately
•SOB: short of breath
•tab: tablet
•TPR: temperature, pulse, respiration
•vs: vital signs