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Axia College Material

Appendix G

Building a Medical Vocabulary Ch. 6, 7, & 14

Complete activities A, B, & C, and post to the Individual forum.

A. Use the word bank below to build the medical word that corresponds to each definition in problems 1-
17. Word parts may be used more than once. Click the grey box to begin typing.

-um adip/o- hemat/o- phag/o- erythr/o-


-ic calc/i melan/o- -stasis myel/o-
-blast theli/o- epi- -poetin -in
kerat/o- coll/a- ton/o- -gen lip/o-
home/o- leuk/o- -osis hem/o- - cyte
-poiesis -ose -ous glyc/o- insul/o-
sebace/o- norm/o- system/o- cty/o-

1. Normal immature cell Normoblast

2. Process of forming blood hematopiesis

3. A substance that forms red blood cells erythropoietin

4. White blood cells leukocyte

5. Immature cell in the bone marrow myeloblast

6. Process of cells eating microorganisms phagocytosis

7. Cessation of bleeding hemostasis

8. A structure above the cellular level epithelium

9. A fibrous protein substance keratin

10. A cell that produces black pigment melanocyte

11. Produces fibers that hold together collagen

12. Full of fat adipose

13. Fat cell lipocyte

14. Pertaining to sebum sebaceous

15. Pertaining to the body as a whole systemic

16. Condition of staying the same (balance) homeostasis

17. Substance that regulates calcium calcitonin

HCA 220
B. Define the following words or word parts.

-phil Attraction to, fondness -ity State; condition


for
-gen That which produces poly- Many much

pro- before -cle Small thing

-ose Full of exo- Away from, external.


outward
per- Through, throughout eu- Normal; good

para- Beside, apart from, syn- together


two parts of a pair,
abnormal

C. In this activity, break the medical word into its word parts. Using the word parts, create a definition of
the word. Write a sentence using the word in a medical context. Use the table to record your answers.
Additional
Combining Combining
Medical Word Prefix form form or suffix Suffix Definition
Polymorphonucleated Poly- Morph/o Nucle/o -ated Composed of many shapes of nucleus.
Sentence: Polymorphonucleated is the nucleus in segments or lobes.

Agranulocyte: a- Granul/o -cyte Without granule cell


Sentence: Agranulocytes include lymphocytes and monocytes.

A substance shaped like a globe


Immunoglobulin Immun/o Globul/o -in immune response
Sentence: the coating of the pathogen with antibodies is also knoen as immunoglobulin.

Epithelial Epi- Theli/o -al Pertaining to above the cellular layer


Sentence: Surgical removal of the dystrophic area may temporarily decrease the opacity in cases of epithelial
dystrophy.
Sudoriferous Sudor/i Fer/o -ous Pertaining to bear sweat
Sentence: sweat glands are also known as the sudoriferous.

Piloerection Pil/o Erect/o -ion A condition of hair standing up


Sentence: when the skin is cold, tiny erector muscles at the base of the hair follicle contract and cause
piloerection.
Additional
Combining combining
Medical Word Prefix form form or suffix Suffix Definition
Anaphylaxis Ana- Phlaxis Apart from protecting
Sentence: Anaphylaxis is a severe systemic allergic reaction that can be life threatening.

Prolactin Pro- Lact/o -in A substance before milk.


Sentence: Of all the pituitary endocrine cell types that cells which produce the hormone prolactin are the most
highly plastic cell population.

HCA 220
Somatostatin Somat/o Stat/o -in A substance of the body standing still

Sentence: Somatostatin is secreted by delta cells in the islets of Langerhans.

HCA 220