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Axia College Material

Appendix C

Building a Medical Vocabulary Ch. 2

Complete activities A, B, & C.

A. Use the word bank below to build the medical word that corresponds to each definition in
problems 1-13. Click the grey box to begin typing.

-ior later/o- infer/o- umbilic/o-

-al dors/o- caud/o- inguin/o-
poster/o- -ar ventr/o- hypo-
medi/o super/o- -ad anter/o-
-ly gastr/o- lumb/o- -ic

lumbar 1. Pertaining to the lower back

2. Pertaining to below the stomach hypogastric

3. Pertaining to the naval umbilical

4. Pertaining to the front part anterior

5. Pertaining to going toward the front part anteriorly

6. Pertaining to the groin inguinal

7. Pertaining to the back part posterior

8. Pertaining to going toward the back part posteriorly

9. Pertaining to going toward the middle medial

10. Pertaining to going toward the side laterally

11. Pertaining to above superolateral

12. Pertaining to below inferolateral

13. In the direction of the tailbone caudal

B. Define the following words or word parts.

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-ad toward, in the -ior Pertaining to
direction of
-ics organized Ana- back, again, up
Prone Lying on abdomen Supine Laying down face up
or face down.
viscera- Of or pertaining to transverse To turn across or
the internal organs, through
Hypo- Below normal Re- again, backward

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C. In this activity, break the medical word into its word parts. Using the word parts, create a
definition of the word. Write a sentence using the word in a medical context. Use the table to
record your answers.

Combining Combining
Medical Word Prefix form form or suffix Suffix Definition
Antero poster- ior Direction from front to back
Sentence: To take an anteroposterior view of an X-ray, it must be taken from the front of the person with his
back against the film plate.

An imaginary midline plane through

body or a location along an imaginary
plane that passes through the midline
Mid- sagitt al of the body or an organ.
Sentence: The cerebellum, cerebrum, and the brain stem lie within the midsagittal section of the brain.

Distally away from the point of origin or

Dist ally attachment.
Sentence: The incision ran distally from the elbow to the wrist.

Proxim ally toward the point of origin or attachment
Sentence: The laceration continued proximally from the ankle to the knee.

A study dealing with the functions and

Physiology activities of living organisms and their
physi ology parts.
Sentence:In physiology we had to dissect a frog to see how its organs worked

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