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Axia College Material

Appendix D

Seven Organizational Approaches


A. Use the matrix below to describe each approach to organizing information about the body. Discuss
how each approach can be used.

Approach Describe the approach How might the approach be


used?
The body planes and directions approach is This approach might be used when
Body planes and the division of the body into sections from studying a certain organs and its
directions front to back, right and left, and top and surrounding functions or specific areas
bottom by the use of the midsagittal plane, the within the body such as the lungs, brain, or
coronal plane, and the transverse plane. Along joints and tendons.
with the movement away from or towards
these planes.
The body cavity approach is the study of the This approach may be used when studying
body cavities and the organs within them. a specific organ within the body such as the
Body cavities brain, which is located within the cranial
cavity. As well as how a disease is
affecting a number of different organs
within the human body.
The quadrant and region approach is the This approach would be a good
Quadrant and division of the lower torso area into four approach to use as a reference when
regions quadrant sections or nine region sections conducting a physical examination of
in which to help identify the areas in which internal organs.
internal organs are placed.
The anatomy and physiology approach is The anatomy and physiology approach
Anatomy and the study of the structures of the human would be a good one to use if one
physiology body and the study of the function and wanted to study the structure and
workings of those structures. workings of a cell or the human
nervous system.
The microscopic-to-macroscopic The microscopic-to-macroscopic
Microscopic-to- approach is the study of the bodies approach would be a good one to use
macroscopic smallest parts and how they come when studying how cells combine to
together to make larger and more form tissues or how tissues combine to
complex structures and systems. form organs.
The body system approach is the study of The body system approach would be a
Body systems the bodies various organs and how they good one to use when studying over
function together within the body. the systems of the body such as the
circulatory system, the respiratory
system, and the excretory system and
there functions within the human body.
The medical specialty approach is the The medical specialty approach would
Medical specialty study of the human body according to the be best used when studying over
practice of medicine used. This specific certain types of diseases like
approach organizes the body into specific depression that might be affecting the
categories relating to the use or study of mind, specific areas of the body like the
anatomy, physiology, diseases, diagnostic eyes, reproduction issues in men and
tests, medical and surgical procedures, woman, and the movement and

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and drugs. excretion systems of the body.

B. Complete the following matrix. For each body system, identify which body approach(es) might best be
used to organize information. Choose only from the following approaches: microscopic-to-
macroscopic, body directions and planes, body cavities, and quadrants and regions. Justify your
reasoning.

System Approach Explanation


The body cavities approach I believe that the body cavity approach
Gastroenterology would be the best one to use for the
study of gastroenterology because all
of the structures located within this
study are located within the body
cavities of the human body.
Body directions and planes approach I believe that the approach of body
Pulmonology directions and planes would be best
used for the study of Pulmonology
because the structure of this study lies
within the superior part of the body
when divided by the transverse plane.
Body directions and planes approach or I believe that both of these
Cardiology the microscopic-to-macroscopic approaches would be good in studying
approach cardiology because, cardiology
specifies on the study of the heart and
the care of all things related to the
heart. Therefore, I believe that the
body directions and plane approach
would be a good one in studying the
heart, which is located within the
superior part of the body when divided
by the transverse plane, and the
microscopic-to-macroscopic approach
would be a good one to use in
determining what illnesses may be
ailing the heart.
Body directions and planes approach or I believe that both of these
Hematology the microscopic-to-macroscopic approaches would be appropriate for
approach the study of hematology because if the
study was based on the movement of
the blood then the body directions and
planes approach would be the one to
use since it deals with the movement
to and from the center of origins. I also
believe that microscopic-to-
macroscopic would be appropriate
because If the study were based on
only the blood cells and plasma then
this approach would be better used.
The microscopic-to-macroscopic I believe that the approach of
Immunology approach microscopic-to-macroscopic is the
best approach to use for the study of
immunology because the specific

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studies functions include within it white
blood cells, which cannot be studied
by the human eye.
Body directions and planes approach I believe that the best approach to
Orthopedics studying orthopedics would be the
body directions and planes approach. I
believe this way because the muscles
within the human body are structured
throughout the entire body, so the
approach of body directions and
planes could be used to section out
these muscles in order to better study
there purposes and characteristics.
Body planes and directions Neurology takes care of the disorders
Neurology of the nervous system. It would be
most helpful to use the body directions
and planes to assess which part of the
body is affected which will trace up
which part of the nervous system is
the root of the problem. The planes
and directions are also most helpful in
identifying the parts of the system with
defects identified through radiological
examinations.
The microscopic-to-macroscopic Since endocrinology is mostly related
Endocrinology approach to hormones, with the given choices,
the microscopic study will be the best
approach. Through microscopic study,
hormones causing the
endocrinologically related problems
will be determined.

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