Sa loob ng isang daang taon [Politiko-Social Studies

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_logging Sa quincenario_ "_The Solidaridad_" (Enero 1889-1890._ _Septiembre) Reprinted sa unang vez._ _Ahora Year 1905.

PILIPINAS Sa loob ng isang daang taon

Ako

Ang pagsunod sa aming mga dati harap address ang pinaka-mahirap at sensitibong isyu na may kaugnayan sa Pilipinas, hindi bagay lahat ng mga kahihinatnan na ang aming tapat namin maaaring lumikha, Namin sa artikulong ito upang talakayin ang hinaharap. Upang basahin sa tadhana ng mga bansa, kailangan naming buksan ang libro ang kanyang mga nakalipas. Huling ng Pilipinas ay nabawasan ang humigit-kumulang sa kung ano ang mga sumusunod: Isinama lamang sa mga Espanyol ang Crown ay sa debatihin dugo at ng kanilang mga anak na pagsisikap at ambitions digmaan mapanakop Espanyol ang mga tao, at sa mga pakikibaka, sa krisis na ito kahila-hilakbot na mga tao kapag ang pagbabago ng pamahalaan, mga batas, usages, mga kaugalian, relihiyon at paniniwala, ang Pilipinas ay naging depopulated, pinapaghirap at mga pabalik na, nahuli sa kanilang pagbabagong-anyo nang walang confidence at sa nakaraan, nang walang pananampalataya kahit na sa kanilang kasalukuyan at walang puri pag-asa sa mga darating na araw. Ang lumang mga ginoo, ay lamang tried sa lupigin ang takot at pagsumite ng kanyang paksa, sila ay bihasa sa pagkaalipin, nahulog bilang tuyo ang dahon ng isang puno, at ang mga tao na hindi magkaroon ng hindi pag-ibig ni Alam kung ano ang kalayaan, pag-ibig madaling nagbago, umaasa na

Matapos ang nanalong isang bagay sa mga balita. Pagkatapos ay nagsimula ng isang bagong panahon para sa mga Pilipino. Sila ay nawala sa pamamagitan ng maliit na ang ilang mga sinaunang tradisyon, alaala, nakalimutan ang kanyang mga sulat, ang kanilang mga songs, ang kanilang mga poems, ang kanilang mga batas sa ibang kabisaduhin doktrina, hindi nila maintindihan, isa pang moralidad, isa pang aesthetics, iba't-ibang ng kanyang lahi inspirasyon sa pamamagitan ng taya ng panahon at sa pamamagitan ng ang paraan na kanilang pakiramdam. Pagkatapos rebajóse, bago lumala ang kanilang mga tunay mata, ay napapahiya ng kung ano ang kanyang at pambansa, upang humanga at papuri anuman ay kakaiba at hindi madalumat abatióse at bowed kanyang espiritu. At kaya lumipas na taon at siglo lumipas. Ang bula relihiyon rites pagsasalita sa mata, songs, mga ilaw, bihis imahe ginto, isang uri ng pagsamba sa isang mahiwaga wika, mga kuwento, mga himala, at ang sermons ay hypnotizing ang espiritu, at sa mga mapamahiin yes, ang mga bansa, ngunit walang pagkuha ng lubos na pupuksain, sa kahit na deployed sa buong system at pagkatapos sumunod sa walang hupa tenasidad. Pagdating sa estado ng moral pag-unti ng galing ng mga tao, ang kawalang pag-asa, alibadbad kanyang sarili, ay upang bigyan pagkatapos ng huling knockout, upang mabawasan sa walang maraming Wills at marami tulog utak, upang gumawa ng mga indibidwal ng isang uri ng armas, brutes, beasts ng pasan at ang isang sangkatauhan nang walang utak at walang puso. At sinabi niya sa kanyang sarili, ang Diyos, kung ano ang admitido inilaan upang maging mapanlait sa lahi, sinubukan naming tanggihan ang lahat ng magandang katangian, ang lahat ng pantao kalidad, at kahit na manunulat at mga pari na dala ang mamaya hit, sila ay nais upang tanggihan na ang mga bata ng bansa hindi lamang kakayahan para sa kabutihan, ngunit din sa pagkakaloob para sa vice. Kaya na nila naisip na ito ay tiyak ang kanyang kamatayan ay kaligtasan. Agaw-buhay ay bumabalik sa kalusugan salamat sa ilang malakas na gamot. Kaya maraming kahirapan ay napuno ng insults, at nag-aantok espiritu ay bumalik sa buhay. Ang sensitivity, mahusay na kalidad para sa Indian, ay may malubhang sakit, at kung ang pagtitiyaga ay ang mamatay ng dahil sa paa ng isang dayuhang bandila, walang isa ay kapag ito, sa pamamagitan ng kanino namatay, Ang Kanyang sakripisyo bayad sa kanya sa insults at inanities. Pagkatapos examinóse dahan-dahan, at matugunan ang kanyang kasawian. Sa mga hindi inaasahan na ito

resulta na despotiko Masters, itinuturing bilang isang mang-insulto anumang mga reklamo, ang anumang mga pagtutol, at castigóse sa kamatayan, tratóse ng malunod sa dugo sa bawat sigaw sa sakit, at pagkatapos ay faults faults ginawa. Ang espiritu ng mga tao tumangging maging intimidated sa pamamagitan ng ito, at bagaman ay awakened sa loob ng ilang mga puso, ang apoy, subalit, ligtas at matakaw kumalat, thanks sa pang-aabuso at sa paghawak ng malamya upang patayin ang tiyak na mga uri ng marangal at mapagkaloob sentiments. Kaya kapag ang isang apoy taketh ng damit, takot at kahihiyan ay sa pagkalat at mas higit pa, at sa bawat paghagod, bawat paghagod ay isang hininga ng bubulusan na ay pagpunta sa pukawin. Walang pagsala, sa panahon na ito o hindi nakuha mapagbigay marangal espiritu sa gitna ng mga dominanteng lahi na subukan upang labanan para sa ang dictates ng katarungan at ang sangkatauhan, walang ibig sabihin ng kalikasan at sa pagitan ng lahi dominado cowards tulungan ang pag-unti ng galing ng sariling bansa. Ngunit ang parehong ay eksepsiyon at nagsalita sa mga pangkalahatang tuntunin. Ito ay ang outline ng kanyang nakalipas. Alam namin sa kasalukuyan. At ngayon, Ano ang kinabukasan nito? Sila ay magpatuloy sa Pilipinas bilang isang kolonya Espanyol, at sa ganitong kung kaya, kung anong uri ng isang kawan ng mga ibon? Sila ay maging Espanyol probinsya o walang awtonomya? At sa kumuha sa ito ng estado, kung anong uri ng sakripisyo ay may sa gawin? Ay ito marahil separated mula sa ina bansa upang manirahan independiyenteng sa mahulog sa mga kamay ng ibang bansa o sa mga kapanig sa iba pang mga karatig kapangyarihan? Ito ay imposible upang sagutin ang mga katanungan, maaaring ito ay sa lahat ng tumugon sa isang _sí_ at _not_ hangga't nais mong i-dial. Kung may ay isang walang hanggang estado sa kalikasan, marami mas mababa kung ano ang dapat mayroon sa buhay ng mga tao, tao'y endowed na may kadaliang mapakilos at kilusan! Kaya para sagutin ang mga tanong na ito ito ay kinakailangan magtakda ng isang walang hanggan espasyo ng oras, at ayon sa kanya subukan mauna sa hinaharap kaganapan. _The Solidaridad_, no. 16: Barcelona, 30 Set 1889.

ito kinuha ng tatlong siglo. hirati sa pamatok leeg nagpunta malayo. kawalang-interes at katangahan sa mas mababang klase. para sa isa Kagayanes matigas ang mga pagpapakain sa mga ito ang espiritu ng Magalats. Ngunit para sa na. Ngayon. Pagkatapos pagkalito ay ang dahilan para sa pag-iisip sa mga kabiguan at kahirapan ng buhay. na ang snows glimpsed ang mga dulo ng iyong hukay. mag-abot ang aming mga kamay sa kadena. nakita lahat ng dako pagkalito at kaguluhan. ay progressed. ang mga tao ay natubos na mula sa kanyang kalagayang hindi sibilisado. walang duda ang sagot ay may been madali. para sa maraming Pilipino. unting mas mahusay na iniangkop sa bagong estado ng mga bagay-bagay. Para sa isang masigasig espiritu ng kalayaan ng kanilang inang-bayan. bigo sa pamamagitan ng malungkot na karanasan.II Ano ang mangyayari sa Pilipinas sa loob ng isang siglo? Sila ay magpatuloy bilang isang Espanyol kolonya? Kung ang tanong na ito ay ginawa ng tatlong siglo ago kapag. pagsasarili ay secure. moralidad. . ay lamang ng isang bagay ng pag-unawa at ang isang tinukoy na pagsisikap na tuksuhin. ibig sabihin na ang mga Pilipino ay hindi mga advanced na. pagkasira ng loob at kawalan ng pagkakaisa sa mataas na. at paghahanap ng pamatok ang mabigat na may kapalaluan tinangka iling ito. ay may regressed. iyon ay. ang mga Malays Pilipino ay nagsimula sa pamamagitan ng maliit na maliit na pagkabigo. "encuéntranse sa Pilipinas sa parehong pangyayari tatlong siglo nakaraan? Para sa mga Espanyol liberals ang moral ng estado ng mga tao ay patuloy mananatiling pareho. para sa mga monks at ang kanilang mga tagasunod. ang espiritu at ugali ay may tinanggihan. lamang iniharap ng isang tugon at ay. iyon ay. at ang bawat bagong henerasyon procreated sa pagitan ng kadena. at ang kamatayan ng Legazpi. para sa mga inapo ng mga dakila at Gat Gat Pulintang Salakab ng lalawigan ng Batangas. at nahulog ang lahat ng mabuting katangian ng isang tao na mapailalim sa pang-aalipin. mas mababa sa leeg isumite sa pamatok at tanggapin ang hinaharap sa pagbibitiw ng isang pasyente na nakikita ng mga dahon mahulog at foresees isang mahaba Winter.

ceaselessly hindi mapakali Japanese. Hawak na Bago ang Espanyol flag sa isang kaunti sa Indians sundalo. ay patuloy na mamamahala sa mga destinies grupo sa Pilipinas. depende sa ang buhay ng settlers sa isang babasagin barko. bigo at pinigil sa pamamagitan ng pag-aalsa ng Intsik rowers na biktima sa kanya. Pagkatapos komunikasyon Mexico at Espanya ay mabagal. bagaman ito ay nabawasan. at makita kung ang mga Espanyol sanhi ay won o hindi lupain sa arkipelago. ay hindi na may mga kaaway sa ibang bansa. Sa kaibahan sa maliwanag nananaig ginto at rosas. o vice versa. upang makita kung sa oras na iyon ay hindi maaari. pagkatapos ay kabilang ang mga rehiyon ay pamugaran sa pirates. kahit tulad ng malungkot na pangyayari Espanyol bandila ay gaganapin para sa higit sa tatlong siglo. At pa. pagsira sa lahat ng kanilang mga plano at pagtatangka. na marami nito pansin sa kalakalan at mga kalat. Intsik at ng ilang mga ibang probinsiya o tribu sa loob. gayunpaman. sa hukbong-dagat na kung saan ito ay argued. at bihira masakit. at pagkakaroon nito ay sigurado. pansin sa matagal na digmaan laban sa Moslems sa South. sila ay may-triple ang mga materyal na pwersang magagamit sa Espanyol dominasyon. doon mas maraming organisasyon sa parehong sibil at ang mga militar. Descartémonos ng pagiging miyembro na maaaring magkaroon ng mga Pilipino sa Espanya. aminin ang lugar hyped sa pamamagitan ng marami na tatlong siglo ng paghahari may kilala na tumubo sa isang sensitibong puso ng Indian buto kondisyon o ng pagkilala ng utang na loob. ito ay ngayon. Ngayon. kunwari para sa isang sandali na may mga manunulat na Espanyol may mga lamang ng dalawang karera base sa galit at hinala. dala ang commerce ng Tsina. sa Ingles at Holland. isang magandang umaga kung ikukumpara sa mga marahas at makasaysayan gabi nakalipas. kaaway ng lahat ng Espanyol pangalan. ang hukbong-dagat ay medyo pinabuting. gusto namin sabihin.Bukod sa mga natuklasan. hindi malayo mula sa aming layunin. isang Marina bakis-bakis pinapatakbo ng tao sa halos lahat ng oras para sa walang karanasan adventurers kung hindi sa pamamagitan ng mga banyagang mga kaaway. at ang kanyang kapangyarihan. madalas at marahas alitan sa pagitan ng mga kapangyarihan na pinasiyahan ang arkipelago ubos na halos palaging ang Pondo. ngunit din sa karatig bansa. tulad ng nangyari sa Gomez's hukbo Perez Dasmariñas. ay dapat naming gumawa ng isang maikling kahilera sitwasyon pampulitika pagkatapos na ito. at . 300 o 500 sa pinaka. ang pakikipag-usap sa punong-lungsod ang mga mas mabilis at mas ligtas na. hindi lamang sa Kapuluan.

Kapag sa loob ng mga Espanyol dominasyon. hindi sa hangarin pagsasarili. hindi kailanman. o ng isang kawalang-kabuluhan. kaginhawaan. ang pangalan alang-alang ng isang mithiin. mga libro o permiso_ superior _with . hindi bababa sa. Subalit sa kabila ng mga pagsasaalang-alang materyal lumitaw na unti-unti moral character hindi nakikita ng ibang. welfare.dominado bansa. at dazzled sa pamamagitan ng pag-asa ng langit ipinangako. isang pangalan na ay halos hindi maunawaan para sa kanya. tulad ng sa Ingles imbasyon. sa unang tingin. at pang-agham o anumang iba pang mga karakter. samakatuwid. dominasyon mapayapa at matiwasay ari-arian. at flattered sa pamamagitan ng ang pagkakaibigan nila ibinigay ng isang mahusay na marangal at mga tao tulad ng Espanyol. kalayaan. mas may malaking epekto at malakas. sa kahit na makipag-ugnayan sa mga bansa Western ideals ay naiiba mula sa kanila. ni escatimándoseles parangal. At ang mga tao ay tumingin sa kanilang mga nationals sa grado Senior hukbo. papuri o walang pagsasaalang-alang. Ang mga mamamayan ng East sa pangkalahatang at Malays sa partikular na mga mga tao ng pakiramdam sa nananaig napakasarap na pagkain damdamin. ay hindi pa imbento pa at nakasisira nakakatawa mga pangalan na mula noong dishonoring wanted mas mahirap at matrabaho opisina ng ulo Indians. pag-ibig sa bayan ginawa ng Indian colonists at sa Pangkalahatang. makita namin ang mga Malay Philippine sakripisyo lahat ng bagay. na ibahagi ang kanilang mataas na karangalan. sa kanyang _maeses ng campo_ labanan sa tabi ng bayani ng Espanya. Kahit ngayon. sa mga pahayagan. at pagkatapos ay ang katapatan at katapatan sa Espanya. sa kanilang mga kaaway sa bawat isa at sa sensitive pagmamataas ng mga Indian ay hindi hanggang pagkatapos nasaktan. tatlong siglo. Kaya ang Filipino mga tao ay may naiiwan ang tapat para sa higit sa tatlong siglo paghahatid ng kanilang mga kalayaan at pagsasarili. tila may mas espiritu. kung ang relihiyon. ang lahat ng hinuhulaan. pagkatapos ito ay naging sunod sa moda kahit insults at pinsala sa print. ang dayuhang mananalakay iharap bilang ang reperi at pagkatapos ng ilang at mangibabaw iba pang at ipadala sa kanyang kapangyarihan. ngunit sa hindi bababa sa salita saktan ang kanyang pagmamataas kalimutan ang lahat ng mga sakripisyo. o dahil gamit ang kanilang bituka feuds. trabaho at ginagamit na naka-imbak sa memorya at hindi kailanman forgets na siya-iisip ang kasalanan matatanggap. at din sasaklaw sa kataasan ng uri ng mga armas at na sila ay hindi alam mahiyain espiritu ay isang mahiwaga character. salamat sa malakas na mantúvose Pag-akyat ng mga tao.

_with eclesiástica_ lisensiya ng kapangyarihan. ang mga tao na nakakita sa kanila na may karagdagang edukasyon at isang tiyak na prestihiyo. hindi consoled maliit at calmed panagano ang nasaktan. bagaman hindi ay higit sa form. Ang lahat ng ito ay nawala. sumusunod ang kanyang payo at narinig kahit na sa pinaka-mapait na araw. ay may nakita na hindi lamang nourishes sa kanya upang maging. sa sino ay ipinagbabawal mula sa Kinokopya o ipagtanggol. Kung sila ay wrote. At hindi iilan sa pagitan ng walang kaugnayan sa relihiyon at relihiyon undertook militar mapanganib journeys. Siya ay nakita na ang pag-ibig at na awa ng nakaraang resembled ang pagmamahal ng isang ina na hindi nakatira sa ibang dako. walang hanggan kahinaan ng bata. upang pumunta sa kanilang tumanggap ng bayad at feed nito baybayin. bilang Augustinian Gaspar de San Agustin at Heswita Velarde. Ang monks pagkatapos. ay isang bagay na impluwensiya sa amin. ang kanilang nakakasakit hatiran hindi kailanman ang dumating sa liwanag. ang hiya sa pangkalahatan ay inferred sa isang buong lahi. fought at malaglag ang kanilang dugo para sa pangalan ng Espanya. mula sa kapitan-general sa huling. Ang masks ay may bagsak. at kung may mga relihiyon hypochondriacs. o nakita bilang marangal o bilang pagpapatawa saktan ang damdamin ng isang buong lahi. na kasama ng mahigpit _residencias_ na kung saan ay pagkatapos ay sa mata ng mga kapuluan sa lahat rulers. Ang mapanukso tawa. wrote advocating para sa mga karapatan ng Indians at ay maabot ang sigaw ng kanyang paghihirap sa malayo hakbang ng trono. kinakapos upang maitaguyod ang kanilang pangingibabaw sa village approached sa kanya at maging dahilan sa kanya laban sa mga commissioners ay oppressors. at na ang kanyang slightest pagtutol Siya ay naging galit na galit! Ang dating yari sa katarungan. ipasok ang bilang nakamamatay na lason sa puso ng mga Indian na magbayad at magdusa. Katotohanan ay Hindi rin ay ang mga Indians ng panahon na iyon bilang na kami ngayon: 3 siglo ng barbarismo at oskurantismo. Ang mga tao ay wala ng tiwala sa mga taong minsan ay kanilang protectors. at mas mababa ay ibinigay mitres o kung bakit sila rose sa mataas dignities. ngunit ito lason sa tot paglago nito. Santa _residencia_ ay nawala sa kaguluhan ay nagsisimula kamalayan. na ang paglilibang ng kanilang cloisters had dared sumulat ng laban sa kanya. ang pinaka maganda sa kagagawan ng mga kamay ng ilang manggagawa sa wakas ay maaaring maging isang karikatura. ang mga tao na bayad. palaging pinaghahanap mga bata na walang hanggan. upang ang lahat ng mga hindi nasisiyahan. ngayon ang kanilang mga exploiters at executioners. pagmamahal ang ipinapakita sa pamamagitan ng isang gobernador heneral bilang . nagbibigay-kasiyahan. Of course. at samakatuwid ay mas barricaded pinaka nakakagalit ay ang mga: ang lumang enmities sa pagitan ng iba't-ibang probinsya ay tinanggal na ng isang napaka-sugat. confidence reposed sa kanila. bilang país_ _diputados.

ang pinansiyal na krisis na ang krus ay malaki. at ang lahat ng ang mundo puntos daliri sa mga tao na maging sanhi ng kasamaan. at sa halip ng gusto sa likod turn reporma sa estado ng bansa. lahat na kumpol ng mga bagay. ay banished nang walang paglilitis. nang walang bayad. at Subalit walang isa dares na ilagay ang kanyang mga kamay sa kanila! Ito ay tunay na bilang isang drop ng pang-alo sa kaya marami kapaitan ay umalis na ang Penal Code. mga pribilehiyo at kalayaan dagdagan o matiyak ang ilang mga umiiral na rehimen ng patuloy na takot at pagkabalisa lawlaw bigyan ng lakas at pag-asa. mga buwis sa mga kontribusyon at bumangon. kung ito ay obeyed isang punong utos. kung ang duwag bigay-sala ng isang buhong ay sa impluwensiya ng mahiyain tainga kagaling autokrata. sa pamamagitan ng di-kilala traitors kakaiba. kung lihim na mga ulat. tulad ng sa kamakailan-lamang na isyu ng entry ng corpses sa simbahan. gamitin ang dagdag na hardships at repressions laban sa mga klase na magdusa at sa tingin. mahalaga para sa mga bagay. rehimen ay mas masahol pa kaysa sa isang kaguluhan. kung ano ang magiging ng Pilipinas sa loob ng isang siglo? Ang baterya ay ikinarga unti-unti. ang mga tungkulin. Ito ay oras na ito makipag-usap tungkol sa tagumpay maaaring kaya minamalas conflict: ito ay depende sa kapalaran ng mga mga armas at ang isang milyong mga pangyayari na ang tao ay hindi maaaring hulaan. kung ano ang buhay kung wala ka sa bahay ng seguridad. Kung doon sa mga direktang ang destinies ng Pilipinas ay nanatili pa rin. ngunit kung ano ang mabuti ay ang lahat ng mga code sa mundo. sa anumang mga matapat na kapit-bahay? Ano ang kodigo penal. sa halip na ang lahat ng mga cries para sa katarungan? Kung ito ng estado ng affairs patuloy. tulad ng takot lumilikha ng imahinasyon ay madalas na higit na mataas na mga katotohanan. Subalit kahit na ang lahat ng mga benepisyo ay bahagi ng Gobyerno at kaya ang mga pagkakataon ng tagumpay ay isang tagumpay Pirro. at kung ang karunungan ng Pamahalaan ay hindi makatakas sa mga reklamo na pokus. ay upang makuha ang mga ito sa pagbabaka-sakali at ilagay sa taya ang miseries ng isang hindi mapakali buhay. ay sapat na upang matapos ang masunurin paksa na harassed at persecuted sa pamamagitan ng lahat ng posibleng paraan.La Torre. at ang gobyerno ay dapat na gusto. puno ng paghihirap at kapaitan sa pamamagitan ng . ang bansa ay mahirap. at iyan ay sapat na upang ang mga mamamayan mawalan ng kanilang kalayaan at sa kanilang mga tahanan. nagiging isang krimen sa pamahalaan ng kanyang kahalili. marahil ng isang araw sa isang spark. ngunit kung bakit mga karapatan. pananampalataya sa katarungan at confidence sa katahimikan ng budhi? Ano ang mabuting ay ang lahat na plantsa ng mga pangalan.

at pinananatili at control thanks sa paggulo at dahon sa pamamagitan ng sistema inilunsad. kung sila ay upang huwag pansinin ang mga habol lamang para sa kahulugan ang mga ito bilang mapangwasak tendencies. kung bait at karunungan ng aming mga ministro reporma ay hindi gumagana at tinutukoy interprete sa pagitan ng mga rulers ng Overseas. Ano ang nawala sa pakikibaka? Halos wala: ang buhay ng maraming mga klase inaalok malaking kawalang-kasiyahan pang-akit sa Mas gusto ito sa isang maluwalhati kamatayan. at maaaring sila ay hindi sa oras at may karanasan sa pantay-pantay sa lakas. nakakakita na siya ay nalinlang. pagtangging sumampalataya sa kanilang bansa representasyon sa Parlyamento at ang tinig na makapangyarihan sa umyak laban lahat ng mga uri ng pang-aabuso. pagpapatayo sugat. sa kabila ng magkabuhul-buhol ng mga batas at kung ito ay magpatuloy. Ito ay may isang malaking tinuturuang klase sa loob at sa labas ng arkipelago. ay sa komunikasyon . pilitin naninirahan sa mandayuhan. upang ilarawan ibang bansa. Ito ay maaaring maging mahusay tempted magpakamatay. o ang hustisya. ngunit kung ano pagkatapos? Ay hindi isang stream ng dugo ay sa pagitan ng winners at losers. ngunit hindi maaaring hindi. sa maikling salita. Ito klase. ang kasalukuyang kalagayan ay ibang-iba. maaari naming matiyak sa loob ng ilang taon. applauded ang pagbagsak ng mga nabalisa ang kanilang kapayapaan! Ngunit ano ang tungkol sa kung ang kilusan ay mula sa parehong village at kinikilala dahil kanilang miseries? Kaya. at isa at isa ang pagbaba sa kasamaang-palad ay nagkakaisa sa lahat ng Islanders. sa laban. spurring kanyang _apático_ espiritu sa pamamagitan ng insults at hindi pagtanaw ng utang na loob. na may mga kapaki-pakinabang na resulta ng sistema maglipat ng pagkamay-ari ay ang mga Indians. at tapat sa mga tagasunod na ang madalas crises mga patakaran na tinatawag na sa sa paglalaro tulad ng isang mainam na posisyon: kung sa reklamo at pangangailangan ng mga tao Filipino may sa sagot sa walang hanggan _no lugar_ ha iminungkahing sa pamamagitan ng pag-aaral na mahanap ang kanilang mga buhay sa huli ng paksa. o fought para sa mga pribilehiyo ng sangkatauhan. na ang bilang ay unti-unti ang pagtaas. at sila ay higit na mataas sa numero. Ngayon diyan ay isang kadahilanan na ay hindi bago. at mas mataas na klase nilikha unting at marami pa sa pamamagitan ng mga katangahan ng ilang mga rulers. Walang mga popular na insureksyon ay karakter o itinatag sa isang pangangailangan para sa isang buong lahi. Kaya lahat sila nahulog. ay awakened sa espiritu ng bansa. ni maaari silang kaliwa indelible alaala ang mga tao.pag-asa upang makakuha ng isang bagay na hindi sigurado. sa kanilang rulers? Sino sabi ni no? Lahat ng mga maliliit na insurrections ay sa Pilipinas ay ang gawain ng ilang fanatics o masama ang loob militar upang makamit ang layunin nito ay upang dayain at linlangin o samantalahin ang pagpapasupil ng kanilang inferiors.

sa kahit na ang buong sistema inimuntar. novenas na galit itanim sa isip ng lahat ng kaalaman hindi lamang pang-agham ngunit sa parehong ng Castilian wika. pagpapahirap ng bansa. artista. at kung sa araw na ito ay hindi higit sa utak ng bansa sa loob ng ilang taon ang iyong buong sistema ay kinakabahan at mahayag ang kanilang pag-iral sa lahat ng kanyang mga aksyon. ang banal na apoy ng pag-iisip ay saganang-sagana sa mga tao Filipino. at lalo na sa Pilipinas. at pag-uusig ay nagdusa ng fuels. dahil sila ay medyo mas mahusay na pamumuhay at maaaring mawalan ng sa sibil alitan. Bukod dito. at sa maharlika Netherlands colonies. ngunit ito ay isang napaka-mapanganib. at pagtataguyod ng mga awayan sa pagitan ng ilang mga karera at iba pa. o teokratiko bilang sa Pilipinas. Ngayon. philosophers. chemists. Sa kabila ng itim mameste ng friars. may mga mas kaunting mga reklamo. Karanasan Ipinapakita ng lahat ng dako. manunulat. atbp Machiavelli ito ay mapanganib na ito ay nangangahulugan ng mga humahawak ng isang mga tao. kapag yaman at kasagsagan ay mas malungkot. atbp. Pinagsasama-yaman refinement. na pag-aaral ng mas mayaman na laging mas friendly at katahimikan ayos. maliit na attachment sa buhay. Hindi ka makakapag-pipi down ang mga naninirahan Pilipinas! Maaari kahirapan itigil ang pag-unlad nito? Siguro. ay din ng mas maraming mga mapagkukunan upang sang-ayunan ang kanilang sarili. patakaran ay may ilang mga paraan: ang brutalization ng Misa mestiso gumon sa Pamahalaan. thinkers. sa na ang mga kamay _enseñanza_ ng mga kabataan na taon at taon nawala nang abang-aba sa _aulas_. ay nagnanais na baguhin ang mga bagay-bagay. at sa Gobyerno richest.pabagu-bago ang magpahinga ng ang isla. na nagnanais na isara ang lahat ng mga paraan pag-unlad. perfected at ensayado sa pamamagitan ng mga taong nais tenasidad Isla ng hold ng isang banal na kamangmangan. sa kahit na censorship. pagod at naiinis sa mga libro. pagod out doon. Hindi. . ang unti-unting pagkasira ng kanyang mga naninirahan. espiritu ng pag-iimbak. confessionals. habang kahirapan binibigyang inspirasyon ng mga ideya malakas ang loob. kahit na ang lahat ng mga pulpito. Ang larawang-guhit ay pinahaba. historians. at isang paraan o sa iba pang dapat lumiwanag at gumawa ng kanilang mga sarili na kilala. Ang brutalization ng Malay Pilipino pinatunayan imposible. ang mga tala na ang welfare pagkawala iaangat mas magaling ang memorya kaaway na ang pagkawala ng buhay. mga libro. mga doktor. sa address na ang paraan ng pag-unlad ng isang tao. abogado.

kapag may mga hindi fumes. sa laban. at palabas ng modernong kalayaan at ang memorya ng misfortunes . tulad ng lahat ng Malaysian. ang bilang ay triple. ang deportations. bilang ang Malays Java at ang Moluccas. ang kadaliang mapakilos ng mga kawani. Ay ng pagtataguyod ng mga enmities ng probinsya sa kanilang sarili. at nakakakita ng lahat ng parehong panganib threatened o napinsala sa isang parehong damdamin. ang Polinesyan at ang Indian karera ng Bagong Kontinente. sa kabila ng epidemics na bisitahin ang Pana-panahon. kung saan ang mga tao ay mabigla sa iba pang mga islands. kung saan gumagawa ang mga kabataan ng lahat ng islands matugunan at makakuha na malaman. bilang dayuhan selyo ng kanilang mga makabayan damdamin ng mga naninirahan sa probinsya malayo mula sa mga sailors sa richest mga mangangalakal. ngunit sa kanyang mga panukala ay naglalayong _buen_ pamahalaan. Espiritu. at mabuti kung ano ang iyong sirviría sa ina bansa at isang kawan ng mga ibon maputla mahirap? Hindi rin maaari sirain ang unti-unti ang mga naninirahan. malayo mula sa pagiging isang panganib. Tama na ang unyon ay hindi gayon pa man lubos na kumpleto. kapag ang mga komunikasyon sa mga islands iba naman ay mahirap at bihira. Maliit na digmaan sa ang mga naninirahan sa South ubusin lamang ang mga sundalo. ay walang kapangyarihan sa Pilipinas. tila na ang mga Pilipino ay naging mas matino. Sa kabila ng maraming mga digmaan na ang mga Pilipino ay may ay upang magbigay-lakas. hindi sumakabilang-buhay sa ibang bansa at karera sa Australya. ay tiyak ang isa sa nito strongest props. at gaganapin sa ibang laban ang strongest. Paglalakbay sa Europa tulong hindi din ng kaunti upang mapahusay ang mga relasyon. Ngunit ngayon na Naglaho pribilehiyo sa espiritu ng kawalan ng tiwala na may ipinagsama ang regiments. makipagkamay at dumating nang sama-sama. ito lason na extinguishes sa natives ng isla sa Pasipiko. Ito ay posible bago. kakulangan ng paaralan. Karera Pilipinas. kurso sa komunikasyon at pagpapalitan ng views palakihin.Sa baguhin sa isang mahinang bansa kung ano ang mangyayari sa bahay kung saan ay walang harina. mga tao na sa pamamagitan ng kanyang katapatan sa ang mga Espanyol bandila. Ang Filipino at tumatanggap ng buhay at kabihasnan nagpapanatili ng contact sa lahat ng mga tao at ang kapaligiran lahat ng climates. walang telegraphs. flattered tungkol sa pagbibigay ng mga pribilehiyo at mga parangal. kapag ang regiments ay binuo sa pamamagitan ng iba't-ibang probinsya. na ihambing ang kasalukuyang estado na kung saan pintura namin ang sinaunang historians. ang pang-aapi na ang mga kapitbahay ang kanilang mga tao magdusa.

Ang Pilipinas. _The Solaridad_. para sa.tahanan. III. Ang Pilipinas. kung . ang pagsulong at pag-unlad moral ng Pilipinas tiyak na mangyayari. Ang isang bagong tao bagong panlipunang kalagayan. ngunit mas karapatan at mas kalayaan. 18: Barcelona. o patuloy na Espanyol ng tuntunin. kung bahagi ng mga lugar ng mga tao. no. ay dapat naming suriin ang mga paraan sa pamamagitan ng kung saan ang evolution Pacific Islands ay mananatiling napapailalim sa bandila ng Espanya walang mga karapatan at mga interes at dangal ng isa at ang iba pang mga sila ay sa hindi bababa sa nasaktan. kung ang mga ito ay upang magpatuloy sa ilalim ng kapangyarihan ng Espanya ay may nakasalalay sa pagiging lamang ng isang pulitikal na kamalayan. na kung saan kinakailangan ang pag-unlad ng kanyang kasaysayan at mga pangangailangan ng kanyang mga naninirahan. Sa kabuuan. payapa at matagumpay na mga resulta. Ito ay nagpakita sa mga nakaraang artikulo. Islands ay hindi maaaring magpatuloy sa estado kung saan sila ay. ay dapat na marahas at nakamamatay. sila ay tumanggap at ay tinatawag na kapatid na lalaki. _Mutatis. ito ay nakamamatay. Kulang upang magpatuloy sa kanyang kamusmusan. Since walang dapat gusto o inaasahan na ito kapus-palad break. din sinabi. nang walang naghahanap ng ng ina mas kalayaan. 31 Oktubre 1889. ay napakita sa inilaan bata pabalik sa kanyang ina at tumakas pansiwang ang lumang rags na apreta epekto. pagbabagong-anyo na ito. at pagkatapos. Mutandis_. na nais masama para sa lahat at lamang ang huling argument sa mas kawalan ng ulirat walang pag-asa. o ay ipinahayag independiyenteng pagkatapos dumudugo at duguan sa inang-bayan.

ang papel ng pinggan. kami ay reminded ng mga pamamaraan Pandiyeta Sancho Panza sa _Ínsula Barataria_. ngunit bilang ay karaniwang kaugalian at sa iba pang mga isla kung saan may mga gobernador. kung natupad. sinusubukan na magdala ng reporma na kailangan namin upang maiwasan ang mga kaganapan.. Kapag sa tingin namin ng mga ito. Dobbs Ferry. Upang petsa. at dinala ang kanyang pagkamakabayan. Sumpain mabuti Sancho ginawa sa kanya sa sining ng chef! Sa kaso ng ating bansa. o hindi matapang na gawin ang pag-aalis. ay at ay magandang . Mr Gobernador. "atbp . at ang arbularyo's maglaro ng isang pulutong ng mga tao na interesado sa pagiging baliw sa pinggan. . may ginawa magkakahalo resulta. Nais kaya distracting ang paghihirap ng maysakit o pahupain ang kahinaan ng loob ng mahiyain at walang pinag-aralan. sinasabi _absit! _ at tinanggal na ang ulam. na nanggagaling sa pinsala sa ilang mga kaso sa mga lamang ipinangako ng masaya tagumpay.ng ang itaas na klase. isa para sa mainit. at ulitin ito muli at ulitin ito magpakailanman: lahat reporma na hinahangad _paliativo_ ay hindi lamang walang silbi ngunit kahit na mapanganib na. upang samantalahin ng mga ito marahil. At na ay binuo sa lupa nang walang pare-pareho. Pilipinas Sancho. Siya SA bago ng isang mabuti served masagana table "na puno ng prutas at isang magaling na iba't-ibang uri ng pinggan ng iba't-ibang pagkain. hindi alam gamutin ang kanser. ang parehong gobyerno at para sa mga bansa. Ito ay totoo na ang mga despotiko Pedro Rezia ibinigay na dahilan na tila lamang Cervantes na wrote para sa Overseas Pamahalaan: . Sinabi namin. ay tempted na sabihin na ang lahat ng mga reporma ay lamang bahagyang poultices at ointments mula sa isang doktor. ay. Ang ilang mga lider ay may guessed ang katotohanan. Aalis Sancho hungrier kaysa kailanman.. At kung namin hindi namin ay kumbinsido ng katapatan at katapatan ng ilang mga rulers. "ngunit sa pagitan ng bibig ng malungkot at bawat ang iyong pamalo plato interposed ang doktor Pedro Rezia. Lahat ng aming mga ministro masaganang reporma ay. atbp lahat ng aming Pedros Rezia lampas na ito at gilid ng dagat."Hindi Pa pagkain.sa paghahanap ng mga kahirapang lahat ng pinggan. gayunman ilang ay issue. kapag ang Pamahalaan ay kabaligtaran evils na lutas _radicalmente_. mahalumigmig iba.

at paglikha ng Filipino delegado. misses kanyang kalayaan. dahil ito ay sa mga field na. mas kaya kaysa sa Gobyerno sa Metropolis. ay walang tinig sa parehong Bahay na gumawa na kilala sa gobyerno at sa mga bansa kung o hindi sapat na natupad ang kanilang mga decrees. kung gagamitin o hindi ang bansa._ _Septiembre) Reprinted for the first vez. laban sa kanilang mga di-umano'y manggagamot. at tumingin dahil malapit na kung ano ang akma at nangangasiwa.Ito ay lumiliko out na pacienzudo Sancho. . dapat magsimula sa pamamagitan ng deklarasyon ng isang libreng pindutin sa Pilipinas. dahil ito ay may mata at tainga. huli na at hindi maganda kopyahin. ay ang pinakakailangan na magkaroon ng isang libreng pindutin. o sa Pilipinas. habang ang Pilipinas ay walang mga libreng pindutin. Ang isang pamahalaan na nangangasiwa sa isang _desde país_ malayo. pagtangging sumampalataya ang lahat ng mga pamahalaan. Ang Pamahalaan na ang país_ _gobierna maaari pa ring magawa nang wala ang pindutin (kung ay maaari na ito). at kung sila kaya tago kaya mahiwaga. at kapag play mo. Ang libreng pindutin sa Pilipinas dahil sa nakaraang mga reklamo madalang dumating sa Peninsula. Katulad nito._ _Ahora Year 1905. napaka bihira. kaya gustong kanyang reporma na reporma. at rebelled. lahat ng mga kasanayan ng mga Dayuhang Ministro ay magkakaroon ng pagkakataon na pinggan mula sa isla ng Barataria. Subalit sa Gobyerno _gobierna mula lejos_ absolutely mga pangangailangan sa katotohanan at mga katotohanan na dumating sa kanyang pansin sa pamamagitan ng lahat ng posibleng paraan upang WITHIN ONE HUNDRED YEARS [POLITICO-SOCIAL STUDIES] _logging In quincenario_ "_The Solidaridad_" (January 1889-1890. kung gusto mong gawin tuwid at mahinhin. Ang mga ministro. na pahayagan ay hindi maglakas-loob na maglaro sa kanila.

customs. and in these struggles. in this crisis terrible people when change of government. songs. Then rebajóse. impoverished and backward. to admire and praise whatever was strange and incomprehensible abatióse and bowed his spirit. we must open the book his past. and the people who do not have neither love nor knew what was freedom. The bubbles religious rites speaking to the eyes. was ashamed of what was his and national. memories. the Philippines became depopulated. deteriorate before their very eyes. caught in their metamorphosis without confidence and in the past. We in this article to discuss its future. The old gentlemen. religion and belief. They lost little by some ancient traditions. different of his race inspired by weather and by the way they feel. they are accustomed to servitude. fell as dry leaves of a tree. hoping that After winning something on the news. To read in the destiny of nations. their songs. Last of the Philippines is reduced roughly to what follows: Incorporated only to the Spanish Crown had to argue with blood and their children's efforts and ambitions wars conquering the Spanish people.PHILIPPINES WITHIN ONE HUNDRED YEARS I Following our usual front address the most arduous and sensitive issues that relate to the Philippines. dressed images . without faith even in their present and no flattering hope in the coming days. love easily changed. usages. no matter all the consequences that our frankly we could create. they did not understand. And thus passed years and centuries passed. lights. Then began a new era for the Filipinos. their poems. another morality. forgot his writing. laws. another aesthetics. their laws to memorize other doctrines. had only tried to conquer the fear and submission of its subjects.

tratóse of drown in blood every cry of pain. what is admitted intended to be insulting to the race. The sensitivity. safe and voracious spread.gold. Then he said to himself. regarded as an insult any complaint. but also to the provision for vice. Then examinóse little by little. disgust himself. Undoubtedly. God. but without getting completely destroyed. was to give then the last knockout. Those who did not expect this result which despotic masters. The spirit of the people refused to be intimidated by this. stories. no one had it when. fear and embarrassment are to spread more and more. beasts of burden and a humanity without brain and no heart. Dying is returning to health thanks to some strong medicines. excellent quality for Indian. So that they thought it would be precisely his death was salvation. So when a flame taketh a dress. and if patience had to suffer and die at the foot of a foreign flag. and after faults are faults committed. and each stroke. and met his misfortune. and although had awakened in a few hearts. miracles. however. was smitten. His sacrifice paid him with insults and inanities. by whom died. brutes. So much suffering were filled with insults. no mean nature and between race dominated cowards assist the debasement of . in spite of deployed throughout the system after and followed with relentless tenacity. and the sermons were hypnotizing the spirit. each stroke is a breath of bellows that is going to stir. Arriving at this state the moral debasement of the people. they wanted to deny to the children of the country not only capacity for virtue. in and of superstitious yes. all human quality. the discouragement. and even writers and priests who were carrying the later hit. and castigóse with death. the country. and lethargic spirit returned to life. to reduce to nothing many wills and many sleepy brain. a cult in a mysterious language. thanks to the abuse and to the clumsy handling to turn off certain kinds of noble and generous sentiments. we tried to deny all virtue. during this period or missed generous noble spirits among the dominant race to try to fight for the dictates of justice and humanity. any protest. the flame. to make individuals a kind of arms.

We know the present. For an enthusiastic spirit of the freedom of their homeland. it can be to all respond with a _sí_ and _not_ as long as you want to dial. no doubt the response would have been easy. no. and according to him try anticipate future events. 1889. II What will happen to the Philippines within a century? Will they continue as a Spanish colony? If this question had been made three centuries ago when. beings endowed with mobility and movement! So to answer these questions it is necessary set a limitless space of time. what kind of sacrifices will have to do? Is it perhaps separated from the mother country to live independent to fall into the hands of other nations or to ally with other neighboring powers? It is impossible to answer these questions. at the death of Legazpi. And now What is its future? Will they continue the Philippines as a Spanish colony. was only a matter of understanding and a determined effort to tempt. 16: Barcelona. and finding the yoke heavy vainly attempted shake it. for the descendants of the heroic and Gat Gat Pulintang Salakab of the province of Batangas. the Malays Filipinos began little by little to disappointment. what kind of colony? Will they become Spanish provinces or without autonomy? And to get to this state. . September 30. independence was secure. But both were exceptions and spoke in general terms. If there is an eternal state in nature. for one Kagayanes indomitable those feeding on it the spirit of the Magalats. This was the outline of his past. and in this if so. _The Solidaridad_. much less what should have on the lives of the people.own country.

Descartémonos of membership which may have the Filipinos to Spain. disappointed by dint of sad experiences. not away from our objective. stretch out our hands to the chains. the spirit and morals have declined. the English and Holland. the people have been redeemed from his savagery. to see if at that time has not possible. and fell all good qualities of a people that falls into slavery. whose snows glimpsed the edges of your pit. many of which engaged in trade and were scattered. Now. that is. Chinese and a few another province or tribe in the interior. Then the confusion was the reason for the pessimism. "encuéntranse the Philippines in the same circumstances three centuries ago? Spanish For liberals the moral state of the people continues remain the same. rare and painful. ceaselessly restless Japanese. lower neck to submit to the yoke and accept the future with resignation of a patient who sees the leaves fall and foresees a long Winter. apathy and stupidity in the lower classes. morality. it took three centuries. Before holding the Spanish flag with a handful of Indians soldiers. but also in neighboring nations. and see if the Spanish cause has won or not land in the archipelago. increasingly better adapted to the new state of things. has regressed. for the monks and their followers. has progressed. that is. Putting aside those findings. admit the premises hyped by many that three centuries of domination have known to germinate in a sensitive heart of the Indian seed condition or of gratitude. three hundred or five hundred at the most. seen everywhere confusion and disorder. discouragement and disunity in the high. not only in the Archipelago. ie that the Filipinos have not advanced. we shall make a brief parallel political situation then with this. and each new generation procreated between the chains. it is now. only presented a response and was. engaged in long wars against the Moslems in the South. accustomed to the yoke neck went away. frequent and violent . suppose for a moment with that among Spanish writers there are only two races based on hatred and suspicion. Then communications Mexico and Spain were slow. or vice versa. for many Filipinos.But for that.

and its power. there more organization in both the civil and the military. at least. carrying the commerce of China. a marina improvised manned most of the time for inexperienced adventurers if not by foreign enemies.strife between the powers that ruled the Archipelago exhausted almost always the Fund. frustrated and detained by the revolt of the Chinese rowers who murdered him. a beautiful morning compared to the stormy and eventful night past. all predicts. But beyond these material considerations loom moral character invisible other. is not already has enemies abroad. work used and stored in memory and never forgets that he thought the offense receive. therefore. then the seas those regions were infested with pirates. we would say. apparently has less spirit. three centuries. or a vanity. domination peaceful and tranquil estate. a name that is almost incomprehensible for him. with the navy with which it is argued. Even today. and scientific or any other character. whether religious. as happened with Gomez's army Perez Dasmariñas. in spite of such sad circumstances Spanish flag has been held for more than three centuries. The peoples of the East in general and Malays in particular are people of sensibility in the predominant delicacy feelings. depending on the life of settlers in a fragile ship. however. more far-reaching and powerful. the navy has been relatively improved. although it has been reduced. And yet. continues to govern the destinies group in the Philippines. the communication with the metropolis are faster and safer. at first sight. and dazzled by the hope of heaven promised. enemies of all Spanish name. they have tripled the material forces available to Spanish domination. we see the Malay Philippine sacrifice everything. welfare. In contrast to the apparent prevailing gold and pink. name sake of an aspiration. comfort. and flattered by the friendship they . not aspire to independence. and dominated country. destroying all their plans and attempts. in spite of contact with the nations Western ideals are different from theirs. but at the least word hurt his pride forget all the sacrifices. freedom. Now. Thus the Filipino people have remained loyal for over three centuries delivering their freedom and independence. and its possession is assured.

the most beautiful handiwork in the hands of some workers can finally become a caricature. the foreign invader presented as the umpire and then some and dominate other and submit to his power. something had to influence upon us. no never. and less were given mitres or why they rose to high dignities. or because using their intestine feuds. to his _maeses of campo_ fight alongside the heroes of Spain. which together with the strict _residencias_ which were then in the eyes of the Archipelago to all rulers. the people who saw them with further education and a certain prestige. following his advice and heard even in the most bitter days. their offensive deliveries do not ever came to light. the people who paid. thanks to the strong mantúvose Accession of the people. had not yet been invented yet derogatory and ridiculous names that have since dishonoring wanted more cumbersome and laborious offices of the heads Indians. in newspapers.provided a great and noble people such as Spanish. Of course. as the Augustinian Gaspar de San Agustin and Jesuit Velarde. nor escatimándoseles honors. that the leisure of their cloisters had dared to write against him. and if there were religious hypochondriacs. to their enemies to each other and to the sensitive pride of the Indian was not until then hurt. If they wrote. love the Fatherland made of Indian colonists and to General. books or permiso_ superior _with _with eclesiástica_ license authority. And the people looked to their nationals in grades senior army. and also bound by the superiority of weapons and that they were unaware timid spirits had a mysterious character. to share their laurels. or seen as noble or as wit offend a whole race. And not a few between secular and religious military undertook perilous journeys. consoled not . wanting to establish their dominance in the village approached him and cause him against the commissioners were oppressors. as in the English invasion. to who is prohibited from replicating or defend. wrote advocating for the rights of the Indians and did reach the cry of his misery to the distant steps of the Throne. Once inside the Spanish domination. confidence reposed in them. honors or no consideration. Truth is Nor were the Indians of that time as we are now: three centuries of barbarism and obscurantism. then the fidelity and loyalty to Spain. fought and shed their blood for the name of Spain. then it had become fashionable even insults and injuries in print. as the país_ _diputados. The monks then. from the captain-general to the last.

faith in justice and confidence in the tranquility of conscience? What good is all that scaffolding of names. without charge.little and calmed the mood hurt. the shame generally inferred to an entire race. privileges and freedoms increase or ensure the few existing regime of continual terror and anxiety stirred encouragement. satisfying. the duties. becomes a crime in the government of his successor. the country is poor. and But no one dares to put his hands on them! It is true that as a drop of balm to so much bitterness has left the Penal Code. and that his slightest protest She becomes furious! The former mock justice. santa _residencia_ has disappeared in the chaos begins consciousness. as in the recent issue of entry of corpses in churches. is sufficient so that after the obedient subjects to be harassed and persecuted by all possible means. The masks have fallen. but why rights. as fears imagination creates are often superior to those of reality. The people no longer have confidence in those who were once their protectors. and that's enough so that citizens lose their freedom and their homes. The mocking laughter. although not was more than form. to any honest neighbor? What is the Penal Code. eternal weakness of the child. has seen that not only nourishes him to grow. to all the discontented. taxes and contributions rise. and are therefore more barricaded most offensive are: the old enmities between different provinces have deleted a very sore. enter as deadly poison in the heart of the Indian who pay and suffer. if confidential reports. and all the world points fingers at people who cause evil. rather than all the cries for justice? If this state of affairs continues. to go to receive their pay and feed its coast. is banished without trial. what will become of the Philippines within . today their exploiters and executioners. all that cluster of items. regime was worse than a riot. if it is obeyed a chief command. if the cowardly accusation of a traitor has to influence the timid ears supreme autocrat. for trivial matters. but it poisons to thwart its growth. the affection shown by a governor general as La Torre. by anonymous traitors strange. All this has disappeared. always wanted children eternal. the financial crisis that crosses is great. but what good are all the codes in the world. what is the life if you do not have home security. He has seen that love and that piety of the past resembled the affection of a mother who unable to live elsewhere.

It may well be tempted suicide. maybe a days a spark. will to get them to venture and put at stake the miseries of a restless life. but what then? Is not a stream of blood would between winners and losers. to their rulers? Who says no? All small insurrections has been in the Philippines were the work of a few fanatics or disgruntled military to achieve its aims were to mislead and deceive or take advantage of the subordination of their inferiors. But even if all benefits were part of the Government and therefore the chances of victory would be a victory Pirro. applauded the downfall of those who disturbed their peace! But what about if the movement comes from the same village and recognized because their miseries? So. or fought for the privileges of the humanity. It is time this talk about the success could be so unfortunate conflict: it depends on the fate of the weapons and a million circumstances that man can not foresee. neither can they left indelible memories the people. if they are to ignore the just claims for interpret them as subversive tendencies. and a government should not be desired. nor justice. if prudence and wisdom of our ministers reforms are not working and determined interpreters between the rulers of Overseas. beyond the tangle of laws and if it has . and if the wisdom of Government does not escape to the complaints that focus. and they could not with time and with experience equal in strength. use extra hardships and repressions against the classes that suffer and think. drying wounds. on the contrary. and instead of want to turn back reforms to the state of the country. denying the country their representation in Parliament and the authoritative voice to cry out against all kinds of abuse. and they are superior in number.a century? The batteries are loaded gradually. seeing that he had been deceived. and faithful followers in which the frequent crises policies called upon to play such a delicate position: if to the complaints and needs of the Filipino people have to answer to the eternal _no lugar_ ha suggested by the classes who find their life in the late of subjects. So they all fell. No popular insurrection had character or founded on a need for an entire race. If those who direct the destinies of the Philippines will persist. full of hardship and bitterness by hope to get something uncertain. What is lost in the struggle? Almost nothing: the life of the many classes offered great discontent inducement to prefer it to a glorious death.

whose number is gradually increasing.continue. and maintained and control thanks to the excitation and leaf through the system launched. books. is in communication consistent with the rest of the islands. This class. Today there is a factor that had not before. policy has several means: the brutalization of the masses half-caste addicted to the Government. in spite of the whole system mounted. and one way or another must shine and make themselves known. and if today is not more than brain of the country within a few years your entire system will be nervous and manifest their existence in all its actions. and in aristocratic Netherlands colonies. and persecution suffered by the fuels. in spite of all the pulpits. Now. has awakened the spirit of the nation. and one and one lowering unfortunately have united to all Islanders. the divine flame of thought is inexhaustible in the Filipino people. to illustrate abroad. chemists.. forcing inhabitants to emigrate. and increased class created increasingly and more by the stupidity of certain rulers. in whose hands _enseñanza_ of the youth that years and years lost miserably in _aulas_. philosophers. which wants to close all the way progress. we can ensure within a few years. artists. the current state of affairs will be completely changed. You can not dumb down the inhabitants Philippines! Can poverty stop its development? Perhaps. The illustration is extended. It has a large educated class inside and outside the archipelago. or theocratic as in the Philippines. The brutalization of the Malay Filipinos proved impossible. the gradual destruction of its inhabitants. Despite the black plague of friars. tired and disgusted with books. writers. novenas that inculcate hatred of all knowledge not only scientific but to the same of the Castilian language. spurring his _apático_ spirit through insults and ingratitude. and promoting enmity between some races and others. historians. to address the way the progress of a people. lawyers. but inevitably. but it is a very dangerous. confessionals. doctors. impoverishment of the country. in spite of censorship. with fruitful results system will alienate the Indians. in short. tired out there. perfected and practiced by those who want tenacity Islands hold a holy ignorance. No. thinkers. etc. Experience .

which classes better-off have always been more friendly and stillness order. Moreover. Is promoting the enmities of the provinces among themselves. is also more resources to sustain themselves. in which the people are surprised to other islands. Races Philippines. and held to other against the strongest. and well what you sirviría to the mother country and colony wan poor? Nor can gradually destroy the inhabitants. despite epidemics that visit Periodically. is precisely one of its strongest props. has no power in the Philippines. Despite the many wars that the Filipinos have had to sustain. to compare its current state with which we paint the ancient historians. when wealth and abundance is less unhappy. there are fewer complaints. this poison which extinguishes to the natives of the Pacific islands. when the regiments were formed by different provinces. and seeing all of the same danger threatened or injured in a same feelings. Wealth brings refinement. wants to change things. and the Government richest. like all Malaysian. people who by his fidelity to the Spanish flag. far from being a danger. the number has tripled. This was possible before. True that the union is not . no telegraphs. Machiavelli it is dangerous to this means of holding an people. because they are relatively better living and could lose in civil strife. when there were no fumes. little attachment to life. Small wars with the inhabitants of South consume only the soldiers. it notes that the welfare loss raises more tenacious enemies that the loss of life.shows everywhere. spirit of conservation. the Polynesian and the Indian races of New Continent. flattered to about granting privileges and honors. The Filipino accepts and lives and civilization maintains contact with all people and the atmosphere all climates. shake hands and come together. on the contrary. when communications with the islands others were difficult and rare. course communication and exchange of views increase. In change in a poor country what happens at home where there is no flour. and especially in the Philippines. Spirit. while poverty inspires ideas adventurous. it seems that Filipinos have become more sober. etc. But now that disappeared privileges in a spirit of distrust that have merged the regiments. as the Malays Java and the Moluccas. not succumb abroad and Australian races.

the mobility of staff. The Philippines. 18: Barcelona. Wanting to continue in its infancy. as foreign seal their patriotic feelings of the inhabitants of the provinces distant from the sailors to the richest merchants. or be declared independent after bleeding and bloody to the Motherland. October 31. Mutandis_. but more rights and more freedoms. and spectacle of modern freedoms and the memory of misfortunes home. 1889. they embrace and are called brothers. we shall examine the ways through which evolution Pacific Islands would remain subject to the flag of Spain without the rights and interests and dignity of one and the other they were in the least hurt. Travel to Europe help also not a little to enhance these relationships. In sum. The Philippines. lack of schools. then. for. is exposed to the intended child back to his mother and flee tearing the old rags that tightening effect. Since no one should want or expect this unfortunate break. This is showed in the previous article. the oppression that the neighbors their people suffer. without seeking of the mother more freedom. where required the progress of its history and needs of its inhabitants.yet fully complete. if they are to continue under the dominion of Spain have bound to becoming just a political sense. A new men new social status. or continue to be of Spanish rule. no. Islands can not continue in the state where they are. which makes the youth of all islands meet and get to know. but to her measures are aimed _buen_ government. _Mutatis. . III. it is fatal. the deportations. _The Solaridad_. the advancement and moral progress of the Philippines inevitable. which would bad for all and only the last argument in the more trance despair.

however few have been issued. Governor. we are reminded of the scheme Dietary Sancho Panza in the _Ínsula Barataria_. And if we we were not convinced of the honesty and rectitude of certain rulers. if carried out. also said. and the quack doctor's play a lot of people interested in being touched to the dishes. trying to bring reforms we need to prevent events. if of the upper classes. We said. would be tempted to say that all these reforms were only partial poultices and ointments from a doctor. or not daring to do the removal. "but between the mouth of the unhappy and each your rod plate interposed the doctor Pedro Rezia. etc. When we think of them. but as is usual and customary in other islands where there are governors. peaceful and fruitful results. the role of dishes. . were. not knowing cure cancer. "etc. and brought his patriotism. And that is built on land without consistency.This transformation.. humid others. coming to harm in some cases to those that only promised a happy success. leaving Sancho hungrier than ever. wants thus distracting the suffering of sick or appease the cowardice of the timid and ignorant. have produced mixed results. when the Government is opposite evils to be remedied _radicalmente_. All of our ministers liberal reforms were. must be violent and fatal. are and will be good . if part of the areas of people. and repeat it again and repeat it forever: all reforms which are intended _paliativo_ are not only useless but even harmful. To date. one for hot.. Mr. Some leaders have guessed the truth.finding difficulties all the dishes. . Philippines Sancho. to take advantage of them perhaps. both the Government and for the country. Damn good Sancho made him the art of the chef! In the case of our country. saying _absit! _ and removed the dish. Dobbs Ferry."Not Yet eating. It is true that the despotic Pedro Rezia gave reasons that seem only that Cervantes wrote for Overseas Governments: . entirely as our Pedros Rezia beyond and this side of the seas. He sat before a well served sumptuous table "full of fruit and a great variety of dishes of various foods.

is the most need to have a free press. whether used or not the country. while the Philippines has no free press. Let's see what says history. and routine says that freedom of the press is a danger. currents. shallows. misses his freedom. etc. has no voice in both Houses to make known to the Government and to the nation if or not adequately fulfilled their decrees. and look closely because what applies and administers. But the Government _gobierna from lejos_ absolutely needs the truth and facts come to its attention by all possible means to can try them and appreciate them better. that no newspaper would dare to play them. but it's misrule. or the Philippines. must begin by declaring a free press in the Philippines. Govern otherwise be known as rule. The Government that the país_ _gobierna can still do without the press (if is that it can). late and poorly reproduced. You judge hearing only to one of the parties. . and this necessity when point when it comes to a country like the Philippines. is to steer a ship without taking into account the conditions of this. more so than the Government in Metropolis. But routine is a slope where many walk governments. against their alleged physician. because it is in the field. therefore wants his reforms to be reforms. and creating Filipino delegates. the state of the sea. all the skills of Foreign Minister will have the opportunity to dishes from the island of Barataria. A government that administers a _desde país_ far. The free press in the Philippines because of past complaints rarely come to the Peninsula. since it is necessary to give a name. and rebelled.. if you want to do straight and decently.It turns out that pacienzudo Sancho. The minister. denying all governments. and if they so covert so mysterious. the course of the wind. without seeing what's in the box. very rarely. Is to manage a home thinking only be luster and ratatouille. Uprisings and revolutions have always takes place in countries tyrannized. whose people speak and complain in a language unknown to the authorities. Similarly. because it has eyes and ears. and when you play. those where the thought and the human heart have been forced to shut up. without thinking servers and the family. the reefs.

under a blazing sun or between Torrential rains? These peaceful struggles of ideas. but even greater for Spain. rather than spent on the enlargement exterior. The free press needed by the Government. among impenetrable forests. had worked for their consolidation and was consolidated. Spain itself recorded in its story more revolutions when the press was muzzled. and would have given to understand that the people were tired and the land needed peace. in the huts and fields? True. is not there the claravidencia of rulers to oppose its goals and fight? What would be worth this more than the discontent that ferments and spreads in secret home. which builds on a minefield. do not need free press know them have long been discredited. but do not would be more preferable to the struggle of the principles in the Parliament. Also happens to the prestige it that Napoleon said of great men and their valets. but punishing and try again. that all Members were separatists. or govern knowingly? We will answer any. this column Governments false.000 miles of country. claiming that in the colonies with the press dangerous book much the prestige of the rulers. is not there the mostly Spanish and patriot. We who suffer and we know all the lies and abuses of these pretended gods. folding in on itself. Assuming that fall into pessimism more absurd and admitiésemos the insult. great for the Philippines. or go as they should be. to 3. What colony has become independent having a free press. the Spanish people spared no blood when patriotism is.If the great Napoleon had bullied the press. A nation Conquest respect not holding or covering up abuses. and that in all propositions maintained ideas filibuster. enjoying freedoms? Is it better to govern blindly. still dreams of prestige. confectioners. have the advantage of being more . the Government. perhaps his genius. We will answer that it is preferable prestige of the nation to that of several individuals. perhaps she had warned of the danger that rushed. which change bullets swamp. as well be a thermometer for the Government. What dangers sees in them the government? One of three things: either leave unruly. I say the same for the Filipino delegates.

but will help to govern and will be some honest people more between representatives of the Nation. which has 414 million inhabitants and has a very ancient civilization. D. And while no one say that the Spanish Chamber is a meeting of Adonis. His aesthetic has 100 millions more supporters to European aesthetics. if that has to deal with. What. Salamanca. may fear the government? Does not affect the election? Frankly. and the Government may laugh at his ease of filibusters. like wildfire. is ugly to all Europeans to who called Fan-Kwai. Sinibaldo of But that has seen close to the Igorots and wanted to live with they can claim that smell. honest and faithful to their missions. may leave as dirty habit. Also said that the Filipinos are indolent and Timorous. at least during the legislative session. invincible in the field of speeches. Son a few more votes in favor. the embattled general Mr. then. and much the worse for his constituents. and Mr. _boys_ and other _angelos_ similar. Salamanca. If you go pastry. if the real drawback of the Filipino delegates is the _olor to igorrotes_ that made him so restless in the middle Senate. each race has endorsed the China. it's them much honor to the filibusters be afraid among the courts of the Nation. if any.cheap and glorious. would have to accept the inferiority of Latinos. certainly not afraid of that smell. Also. In a matter of aesthetics. because the Spanish Parliament abounds precisely champions of the word. not to socratizar or wander hemispheres imaginary. bother no doubt with their questions to the Minister ignorant or incompetent. Filipinos. or red devils. for example. we believe that the Government must be stopped before these drawbacks. that back in your country have a habit of bathe every day. in respect of the Saxons are much whiter. and faces more or less big noses. especially the Spanish. once they are members. Antinous. And if it were more this. as expected and are likely to be better for the Government. Mr. or the reason noses. . at worst. If you go as they should be dignified. while go there to legislate. not bother with the smell of the bathroom the sensitive noses of Salamanca. Needless to refute certain drawbacks of some nice writers on the skin more or less brown. The law has no skin. Now.

well interpreted and implemented. as now. These are reforms _sine quibus non_. Plus is not so defective as claimed. then they fall on his responsibilities. and because. With its creation are silenced many unhappy. if they are the best among the children of the Philippines. nobody loses their rights to civilization only to be more or less uneducated. no serious cause for which the Philippines has no Members. having their children from their legislators. as should be. timidity and selfishness of many of our compatriots. It is childish fear that for them to come to Independence: the press Free will make known to the Government the beating of the opinion. Each country is fortunate that it deserves. It's who just need it most. and Members. will dispel all the clouds. We do not know if we serve well the true interests of our country asking deputies. and instead of blame the country their ailments to the Government. cunning and powerful means of those who want to further the obscurantism. and since he is considered the Filipino as a citizen able when asked for their contribution and their blood to defend country. may make reform a harmful tool. why he has to deny that ability when grant a right is it? Besides. it is somewhat supportive of their actions. why should it be responsible for . the Filipino people are so stupid and cowardly. We know that the lack of illustration. Those are the two fundamental reforms. But we want to be loyal to the Government and indicated the way Maybe we think that their efforts will not wither away. because at least you can complain.We see. will be their hostages. and audacity. therefore. to say the baby to Spain and make fruitful all later. There being no reason for dissatisfaction. cope better. there is no reason plausible to the ignorant and the helpless (by himself or others). that then betray their true interests. to suffer all the consequences. If after referred as fair as necessary extent. is denied his representative to ensure him for not abused. and the Government may say that it has done his duty. how which will seek to excite the masses? It is equally unacceptable inconvenience claim others about of the flawed culture of the majority of the inhabitants. so that disappear malcontents. No longer man.

if we see how many decrees launched the Government for education. And although this is not customary in the Metropolis. then. meet Pedros Rezia that prevent compliance. is their strict and expeditious justice. because they have in their hands what call teaching? If the Filipino. because it is necessary to seek the true prestige through the moral qualities. the injustice arouse the weakest. Justice is the first virtue of civilized races. moreover. and as we see now. is clever enough to contribute. We assume that there will be the Spanish who fear entering this lid: this may prove his superiority by his superior intelligence. so that the inhabitants have in Judges have complete confidence. intelligence and integrity as the man appears virtues when in contact with people strange. because the colonizers must be or seem.ignorance. more modest families make enormous sacrifices for their children can be illustrated a bit. What most enforces the English in their possessions. The positions to play the Indians in Rather than jeopardize the Spanish domination. would only strengthen it. . if it is admitted by all. You can say those several Filipino officials who are still in offices: they are the most inert conservatives. with the proceeds of which serves the Government for their nation. publishing work and trials in order that there is encouragement and do not arise discontented. friends and enemies. Monitoring legislation and acts of the authorities. at least. should be also to choose and be who ensure him and his interests. for what interest would have to change the safe and stable against the uncertain and problematic? The Indian. must practiced in the colonies. that his eagerness to learn is so great that even before they reached the Spanish all literate. is very fond of the quiet and prefers a modest present to a bright future. the word Justice can begin to stop being an irony colonial. She put the nations most barbarous. So if the Indian does not shake his _indolencia_. you can not murmur if all charges are seen performed by _castilas_. fairness. To reason otherwise is reasoning as a funnel. The posts and positions and won reject naturally arbitrary dismissal and create employees and leaders capable and aware of their duties. bringing the case to serve as servants even to learn Castilian? How is hoped that the country illustrate the current state. The positions and the charges should be opposed.

which the sixteenth century was the model nation in the settlement. to the classroom. continued until many years later . the Philippines will remain Spanish if they enter the way of life legal and civilized. Otherwise. where he had universal suffrage. not go one to say that asking too much. property. only in Spain. and the death penalty for adultery things impossible even for the same Utopia! The French colonies have their representatives in the Chambers English has also tried to give representation to the colonies of Crown _ (Crown colonies) _. draining the goose that lays the golden eggs and closing ears to all cries of reason. if you want to see in the Islands a reef to be exploited. ie _utópicos_. the observance of the rights of its people. consideráronse these things as dreams are impossible. have many members. may not prevent the enforcement of laws . who dealt with the Kings and the Pope of the needs of the country had them in the critical moments of Spain. In short. Cuba and Puerto Rico. the press. if they are granted the other that they should. etc. a resource to satisfy ambitions. there is also free. Philippines had from his earliest days his people. but closer the links between the two to the nation. the death penalty. and not advantage of the misfortune of the Metropolis and other colonies.. abolition. No shortage of spirits that we'll be accused of Utopians: but what is utopia? Utopia was a country that figured Thomas More. then. to the agriculture.Other reforms of detail could be added with respect to trade. without subterfuges or false interpretations. however great the loyalty of the Filipinos. it is nowhere postponed. But civilization has left far behind the country of Utopia: the will and human consciousness have done more miracles have abolished slavery.. For now we are satisfied with the schemes. When the novel was published. What crime committed by the Islands so that they are deprived of their rights. almost complete. if liberal policy of the governments is carried out without hindrance or meanness. but these are matters to be discussed separately article. where it was groaning under the yoke of Napoleon. And.. religious toleration. to save from taxation Metropolis. giving evidence of their loyalty. whose residents do not reach the third of the Philippines. to the security of individuals. and have not made by Spain sacrifices it. as the other and enjoy some autonomy.

family. Carthaginian. they can not be forced to renounce their redemption. the great expert the human heart. or in the name of God himself. Portuguese and Spanish. against the peace and honor. no gunpowder enough in the world that could justify the attacks against freedom of the individual against the sanctity of the home against laws. _The Colonies founded to serve the policy or trade of a metropolis. were exploited and oppressed. not two peoples three centuries in close contact. so fond of their freedoms and rights can not tell him to surrender his men and the people who indulges in glories of its past can not request another. shedding their blood in the same fields. é cosi obligarsi per li beneficii che essi Fann. denying them the light. the noble Spanish people. educated by it. accept the abjection and dishonor his name! Those who now fight in the legal and peaceful settlement of discussions.fatal history. but is sentimentality pure. English. and in the bitter political field the hard need and interest dictate. without being born between them stronger bonds than imposed by the arms or fear: sacrifices and benefits by both have given rise to conditions. worshiping the same God. the Spain not can claim. the peaceful inhabitants live in constant anxiety. eats per Quelli che essi ricevono_ (Human condition is to link both the benefits are as those received). that liberal and enlightened wander as exiles from the homeland ground. believing the same beliefs. concluyen_ all _por be independientes_. rights innate in man. Machiavelli. that six million men embrutezcan. drowning in its atmosphere aspirations grosser. without leaving limits of legality. and then fill you with contempt and insults. we understand well. no. sacrilege and violations committed by those with the name of God in the lips. before Bachelet said. depending on the fate of the peoples of the whims of one man. As much as Filipinos must be to Spain. I had said all the colonies Phoenician. no one can demand of the Filipino people the impossible. all this and even more is true. and staring in our Ideally. attacks that there are committed every day there is no god that can proclaim the sacrifice of our most expensive medical conditions. sharing a similar fate. said _the natura degli huomini. communicating the same thoughts. we will not cease to advocate for our cause. Roman. Straits undoubtedly are the ties that bind us to Spain. but if by violence makes us silent or . said Bachelet. no gratitude that can excuse. Greek.

. is eliminated or . New Zealand. IV. in spite of splitting small states of the Peninsula that emerged gradually. were cast at last after many bloody and tough struggles that formed the Homeland Spanish and created the Spain of the XV and XVI. December 15. One of the longest domination was that of the Arabs in Spain. If you wish not done . In the event unfortunate.. or abroad was cast as they did to the Carthaginians. of different races. the bravery and religious tolerance the caliphs. after throwing a handful of land to be taxed to the guardians. or to assimilate. Australia. 1889. _the Solidaridad_. it destroys the body. and ideals conflicting or divergent. or removed as was the case of the inhabitants of the new Continent. no. 21: Madrid. instead of closing your eyes. Arabs and French in Spain. as small islands in the middle of the great flood Saracen. Science teaches us.. And to that end. One of us had to give in and succumb. It is against all natural laws and moral existence of a foreign body within another endowed with strength and activity. it is necessary that the horror we draw back. History does not record in its annals any domination lasting exercised by one nation over another.we have the misfortune to fall (which is possible because we are not immortal). then we do not know which way to take the sprouts and better sap that will rush to fill positions we leave gaps. applications and strange customs. in spite of chivalrous spirit. lasted seven centuries. look at face to face what can bring the future. or the indigenous people had to succumb. in spite of living the conquering people in half of the conquered country. etc. But. enter frankly in abyss to fathom its terrible mysteries.

precisely. as a deduction from everything we have said. need at least that Spain sacrifice a quarter of its population. given system of colonization and the transitory nature of peninsular they spend overseas. since means complete isolation. . becomes resentment and hatred. Necessity is the deity stronger than the world known. Well. applying these considerations to the Philippines. The imminent is that if the instruction and the necessary freedoms to human life Spain is the denied to the Filipinos. This will remind the supporters of the farm colonial. if laws fair and reforms frank and liberal do not make them forget the some and to others that are of different races. And even if it were possible. what interest would in Spain the destruction of the inhabitants of a land that she can not settle or farm whose climate he is somewhat unfortunate? What good serve the Philippines without the Filipinos? Yes. sheer inertia. if rulers do not appropriate the spirit of its inhabitants. not the dubious future of the break and the internal struggles of the islands together. The encystment of a conquering people is impossible. and seek some way or another certain facilities in their country. Against this law of destiny may oppose nor the Spanish patriotism or the outcry of all tyrants overseas or love to Spain of all Filipinos. Besides. and the need is the result of physical laws put in motion by moral forces. for what could be cause for gratitude and love. lie force that conclusion. But none of this can happen. and the statistics proves that it is impossible to destroy the race Filipino. Result: the resistance short-sighted political and stunted not only useless but harmful. that failure to assimilate its population to the country Spanish. a colony he is most worthwhile and productive As more people and wealth has.encyst. they seek their education abroad behind the Mother Country. to destroy six million Malays. the Philippines would have to declare one days fatal and unerringly independent. We said. weakness of item winner. The encystment means here the tomb of foreign invader. or if both peoples not fused to form a mass social and politically homogeneous that is not worked by opposing tendencies and antagonistic thoughts and interests. even if they are in childhood and never have to learn to fight and defend himself.

Consider further that if the requisite steps are as dangerous in the middle of a Nation formed by a homogeneous population. the time for a slander.Hatred and resentment on the one hand. Expected is that the Government comes out triumphant. or also to avenge the expiry of the moments of terror and anxiety that the danger he posed. the cowardice feeds on the vanquished. all these things increase the rigors and number of victims. and resentment naturally extends to all the ruling race and not die with offender. but all his race. and especially the fear buckthorn. Hence the immense wisdom and exquisite touch that should adorn the colonizing countries. the danger hundredfold when the government is a different race from that of governed. because it is generally considered personal. especially when interested elements that disturb the order to catch something turbid. they always think too much punishment and unjust judge. and died the tyrant. and the fact of considering the Government of colonies in general and our Ministry of Overseas particular as schools of learning. either to give a terrible warning to flaunt severity. contributes significantly to fulfilling the great law of the colonies declare their independence more or less . denunciations. It turns out that a stream of blood is brought now the two peoples. The private vengeance. hurry and the expedited procedures of military courts. and the offense not only an affront to the victim. the pretext of the integrity of the country and reason of state all covers and pays for even the scrupulous conscience. that the wounded and resentful. which are and unfortunately rare. to demonstrate their valuable power to launch lamentations reprimand or turn violent measures. Inevitable attachment of these catastrophes is the accumulation of injustices committed on innocent or peaceful inhabitants. In the first. an injustice is still attributable to one man.. the victim is reconciled with the government of their nation. coveting another's goods. etc. suspicion and anger on the other. that which dictated by a stranger who has no sympathy or who is an enemy the country. rather than reduced is increased. the act of severity fairer interpreted by injustice and oppression. must be added the families and friends of the innocent who can not see no advantage to live and act submissive and peacefully. eventually end in a violent shock and terrible. then to the families and friends guilty. accusations infamous resentments. But in countries dominated by an alien race. the ruler moved by private passions. and generally (and custom) are extreme punishment.

shall force yield. the state of his army and Navy. but also his own independence in Europe. and has only a fictitious life. if you have vitality. shootings. fires. insurrections and uprisings. All this at the expense of much blood. Spanish is brave and patriotic. have served to improve morale and strengthened. It's like a rich gourmet that accustomed to being served by many servants. The revenge. etc. just die. starvation. the colony. peaceful and hardly excites him. by the number of its inhabitants. With severe experience. by limited knowledge of them has.. as the castaways when they arrive to an island after a . and fighting one people whose love and will be transferred. Spain. if not want to risk not only their other possessions and their future in Africa. for the distance at which are the islands. and on the other the sentiment of patriotism and freedom that will wake up in these continuous struggles. whose life in the colony depends on peace and submission of the subjects. as tantamount to slavery much more cruel than death for the people. One of the peoples must succumb. many crimes. and what sacrifices However. and to a smear dishonorable to the dominator. at last. must die. in proportion as they bathe in blood and steeped in bitterness and tears. murders. while the mother country. retains all the gentleness and all the tenacity and the fury of his carabao. who work and sow for him. tumble peoples.later. instead of entering struggles of a islands with others. poverty. and for him every struggle is the death of a two combatants. and even then heroic efforts. is gradually disappearing. once lance does not stop. Laxity will be short. For this slope. the day their slaves denied obedience and does not live by themselves. learns to fight and to perfect themselves in combat. The terrible lessons and the hard lessons that these struggles have given to the Filipinos. the Filipino does not love unless his. finished generalize the movement and one of the two peoples must succumb. after fatal fights. in favorable times. The Spain of the fifteenth century was not the eighth century. injustice and suspicion on one side. as their number is less. and although more calm. as is generally feared then lie mutually arms. The climate influences the same in the bipedal animals than in quadrupeds. the good of the country: it has the courage and the decision of the bull. etc.

and greatly weakened the metropolis. England has enough colonies East and is not going to risk losing his balance is not going to sacrifice their rule of India for the poor Philippine archipelago.? Probably. for example. would retained any point of the Philippines to go from there spreading little by little. Africa.. but glory and the laurels that grow on .. which will open its ports and give more privileges to its trade. England will look with favor independence Philippines. so we see that its attitude in both the Pacific and Africa. Furthermore. and because a imbalance of forces and a war in distant countries are threaten their existence on the continent. absorbed by full attention of Europeans. and less Holland. neglect the huge territories that gives the Black Continent. in a few years. virgin. France has more to do and see more future in Tonkin and China. why would you want the trader John Bull killed by the Philippines when it is no longer the wife of East. Germany shuns all complication abroad. they force to be sensible and prudent. For the same reasons Germany did not want to venture. will dare to pick up what Spain has not able to keep. and no nation sensible that win a handful of islands warlike and poor. etc. can be assured that neither England nor Germany. untapped and little defended. English or German. as the swing of the pendulum. they are harmful. and as the tendency of countries tyrannized. in the UK there are trends and views believe they already have too many colonies. Moreover. The no great preponderance of any race over the other aside of imagination all ambition insane dominate. Shanghai. a After shaking off the yoke. France loves the glory. Hong Kong. If the Philippines achieved independence after heroic struggles and tenacious..dreadful stormy night. though there are Singapore. Do not go to say that we must pass it that small American republics. there would be returned Manila in 1763. the danger of falling again in other hands.. If you cherish this intention. also that the French spirit does not shine by its desire colonizer. Furthermore. nor France. a law of the reaction Islands will be declared probably in Republic Federal . is limited to conquer easy _territorios non-nadie_. to adopt the government more open. like a boy out of school. These were won easily its independence and its people are living with a different spirit of the Filipinos.

for the example is contagious. Has the North of Russia. both inside and on the Continent. with other obligations.battlefields of Europe: the echo of the battlefields of Far East is not satisfied with his thirst for fame. Also finds under diplomatic pressure from Europe such you can not think outside to get rid of it. They also found. _Acaso The great American Republic. that he comes up in the language official. but the Korea attracts him more than the Philippines. would not let him free passage powers Then A _The Solidaridad_. or are the shared European powers colonizing in the Asian Continent. but neither the Panama Canal is opened or the territories of the states have a plethora of people. and not spoil easily. Holland is very caution in Sumatra and Borneo. whose interests are in Pacific and has no share in the spoils of Africa think one day in possession ultramarinas. . Holland is sensible and be content to keep the Moluccas and Java. and if I tried openly. south England. China is considered quite happy if he can stay united not be separated._ is not impossible. because it comes very muffled. Summative gives you more future than the Philippines. Truth is that you have excess population. greed and ambition are the vices of strong. whose seas and coasts are ominous dispatches from Holland. and Harrison said something to this effect when question of Samoa. So does Japan. for fear of losing everything. no. and is also easier to take. that greed and spy.

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